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Full text of "Whitaker's peerage, baronetage, knightage, and companionage"

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Gc M. L. 


W58 " 



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The weII=known Collector and Distributor of 









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these rare, old = world, distinctive and durable textiles. 

Suitable alike for Ladies, Gentlemen, and Children for 
Outdoor Wear. 


Owing to reduced staff, scarcity of supply, and enhanced prices 
patterns cannot now be guaranteed ; so a visit is advisable. 

Warehouse : — 


Branch : — 




DR. BAkrinWuii S 


Charter : 

"No Destitute Child Ever 

Motto : 
''For God aMcifGou^n'y' f 






84,713 Childreu have passed through the Rescue Doors. 
4,744 Children admitted in Three Years of War, a Lirge number 

being children of soldiers and sailors. 
7,480 is the average number of Children in residence. 

609 are Crippled, Incurable, Blind, Deaf and Dumb, physically 

afflicted, or sick. 
770 Boys and Girls are under Industrial Training. 
26,281 Young People have been migrated to Canada and the 
Overseas Dominions. 95 per cent, do well. 

300 Boys are constantly in training for the Navy. 

10,000 Barnardo Boys are serving their Country in the 

Army and Navy and Mercantile Marine. 

Bequest Forms ivill be sent on application to the General Secretary. 

*^* Cheques and Orders payable '^ Dy. Barnardo' s Homes" and crossed 

(Notes should be Registered), and Parcels of Clothing, may be sent to the 

Honorary Director, William Baker, M.A., LL.B., at 






An Examination for Entrance Scholarships and Exhibi- 
tions, varying from £90 to £30, will be held in June, 
Particulars can be obtained from the HEADMASTER, 

The Entrance Scholarship Examination will be held on 

the -Ith and 5th of June. Scholarships of £60, £50, 
BRIGHTON and £45, and Exhibitions of from £30 to £15 will be 

COLLEGE. awarded. Candidates must be under 15 years of age on 

the 1st of June. For particulars apply SECRETARY, 


Some fourteen Scholarships are offered for competition 

KING'S twice annually, in June and November. A King's Scholar- 

ship is tenable with an Entrance Scholarship, so that a 

SCHOOL, i^oy may at entrance win scholarships to the value of 

CANTERBURY. £55 I5s. a year for five years. Full information from 



Entrance Scholarship Examination July 3rd and 4th, 
1918. Four Scholarships £40-10, are offered, and one 
Honour Scholarship of £40 for the Sons of the House, 
who have fallen in the War. University Endowment 
£600 a year. Apply to THE HEADMASTER, EXETER 

Entrance Scholarship Examination early in June. One or 
two £87 (£99 for the first year). Five of £50, and Five or 
MALVERN more of £30 per annum. Exhibitions, value £12 to £2r> 

COLLEGE. P*2r annum, maybe awarded boys who do well but fail to 

obtain scholarships. Apply to THE HEADMASTER, or 

An Examination is held in March for not less than four 
Foundation Scholarships of the value of £50 each ; four 
ST. BEES Junior Scholarships of £21 ; and fifteen places on the 

SCHOOL Foundation of about £20. Full information from the 



Entrance Scholarship Examination in May in London and 
Sedbergh. Ten Scholarships (£80 to £25) are offered. 
House Exhibitions may be awarded to deserving candidates. 
Exhibitions of Honour (£85) are offered to the sons of 
those who have fallen in the War. Northern Exhibitions 
£75 and others are also offered. Apply to the BURSAR, 


An Examination for Entrance Scholarships, open to boys 
under 14 and over 12 years of age on June 1st, 1918, will 
be held in June. Further information can be obtained 


F%Mic Schools' Scholarshijys. 




Ten Scholarships of £40 to £20, and others of less value, 
will be offered for competition on May 29th, 1918, and the 
following days. University Endowment, £600 a year. 
Apply to the HEADMASTER. 


An Examination will be held in June, 191S, for about 
Seven Open Scholarships, varying from £85 to £30 per 
annum. House Exhibitions also are awarded by the same 
examination. Allowance is made for age, which must 
not exceed 15 on Sept. 20th, 1918. Apply to THE 



An examination is held each Summer Term. Candidates 
for Senior Scholarships must be under 16, and for Junior 
Scholarships under 14, on May 1st. The value of the 
Scholarships depends upon the Standard attained, but 
will never exceed the amount of Tuition Fees (£27 — £24 
per annum). See Public Schools Year Book. 




An Examination for Scholarships and Exhibitions vary- 
ing from £50 to £15 will be held in June, 1918. General 
knowledge is required in preference to specialisation in one 
subject. Exhibitions also awarded. Two reserved for 
sons of Officers and Clergymen. Further details from 


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And Sea Road, COODEN BEACH. 

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Telephone: 349 Bexhill. 
,, 15 Cooden. 









Register of 



Telegrams, "Agency, Worthing." 

Telephone No. 2. 



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consists of a series 
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expressly written for 
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A^Representative British 
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■-■■-° iiiiimhiniiiiiNiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiliill((l^^ 





London, 5th July, 1914. 
Tiear Mr. Blind,— I want to express to you my great 
satistaction with the work you have done with my teeth. 
The extractions were absolutely painless, which, to 
my mind, is the first thing. 

1 shall certainly recommend you with the greatest 
pleasure to all my friends. 

Prince Alexander Tschagadaeff. 

E.A.M.C. Headquarters, London, 
•JOth June, 1!I17. 
De.Tr Mr. Blind,— I wish to express to you my great 
satisfaction regarding Dental Work which you have 
done for me, your extractions being absolutely painless. 
It will give me pleasure to recommend patients 
of mine, and also to my colleagues of the medical pro- 
fession.— Sincerely yours, 

Captain A. J. Ireland, M. I). 

Dear M 

rdnance Depot, Weedon, N'orthants, 

Hind,— I am pleased to testify 

Dear Mr. Blind,— I am pleased to testify to the 
excellent and most efficient Dental Work you have done 
for me. I will certainly recommend you to my friends 
in this direction.- Yours faithfully. 

d. Colonel. 

Koyal Army Medical Corps, Canadian Contingent, 
May 27th, 1015. 

It is with extreme pleasure that I certify that Mr. 
Leopold Blind has done tome dental work for me. 
Extraction has been absolutely painless. His work is 
unsurpassed by any work done for me in all parts of the 
world. I take great pleasure in recommending Mr. 
Leopold Blind to any member of the Medical Profession 
desiring Dental Work. 

Capt. K. B.Simon, MB., L.JI.C.C, L.C., Pos. Ontario 

London. 4th June, 1914. 

therefore pleased to sign my approval of his 
Dental Service rendered to me. 

Prince Alliata di Villafranca. 

London, 4th June, 1914. 
I hereby certify that the Dental Work which Mr. 
Leopold Blind has made for me is to my entire 

The extractions were painless, and the Bridge work 
of the very best workmanship. I therefore recommend 
him as a High-Class Dental Operator and Mechanical 

Princess Alliatix di Villafranca. 


207, OXFORD STREET, W. 1. 

Also at "Perivale," Teignmouth Rd., Brondesbury, N.W. 2. 

Consultations 10 to 7.30. Thono : L'Oro :\luscum. Painless I'.xtiaotions from -2/6. 
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(Clcse to Edgware Road Stations.) 











The Proclamation of the King in adopting the name and style of 
the House of Windsor for himself and successors is of outstanding 
importance, while of scarcely less interest is the announcement of the 
abrogation of German titles and dignities and the creation of Peers 
of the Eealm in the case of former Serene Highnesses, of Milford 
Haven, Cambridge, Oarisbrooke, and Athlone. 

The new Order of the British Empire, called into being in order 
to mark services rendered during the war which must otherwise have 
gone unrewarded, is worthy of special mention as being the first 
occasion in which women as well as men are admitted as recipients in 
every class. The Companions of Honour has also been instituted 
with a similar design. 

A special position of honom- has been accorded to the DISTIN- 
GUISHED SERVICE ORDER, which has been placed in a separate 
aljihabet. The recipients, up to the end of November, ha,ve been 
increased by upwards of 3,000, and, to the Editor's regret, many names 
are only to be found recorded in the Roll of Honour. 

The Editor, in expressing his sincere thanks to his numerous corre- 
spondents for most valuable suggestions and corrections, begs again 
to draw especial attention to the notification which follows this 
paragraph. He ventures to hope that, in view of the increase in 
bulk of the "Peerage," the advance in the price will not impair its 


London, Xovember 30, 1917. 



Obifuary, xv ; Infrnduetion, 1 ; Roi/ul Famil//, 107 ; Direi-tonj, 121) ; Distinguished 
Service Order — Companions, D.S.O., 855 ; Seats and Besidencex, 95'J. 


Abeyance lb 

Accession of anew Sovereign... 3 

"Accolade" 66 

Addressing Persons of Title... 103 

Adjutants 84 

Admiralty Court 85 

,, Lords of 84 

Admittance to Lords, Forms 

of 22 

Advocate, Lord 95 

Agriculture, Board of 85 

Aides-de-Camp 85 

Albert Medal, 77 ; see also 
"Victoria and Albert." 

Almoner, Grand 93 

Ambassadors 85 

Ampulla 2 

Anointing Oil and Spoon 2, 3 

,, ceremony of 6 

Appeal, Court of .91 

Archbishops 18 

Archers, Royal Co. of 99 

Arches, Court of 85 

Ai-mil or Armilla 3 

Ai-ms, College of 81 

,, of Peers, &c 12 

Army Council 87 

Arundel, an earldom by tenure 16 

As.sistant Bishops . .. 21 

Astronomers Royal 87 

Attaches ... 87! 

Attainder 11, 12 

Attorney-General 87 

Auditor-General, see "Comp- 

Banki-uptcy, Court of 87 

Bankruptcy, of a Peer 23 

Bannerets 65 

Barones Majores and Minores 

16, 24 

Baronets, 57 ; succession of , 11, 

58; arms of, 12, 58; claimant, 

58 ; marriage of, 29 ; widow 

of, 31 ; addressing of, 57 ; 

precedence of 58, note\ 

Barons 15 

Bath, Order of the 69 

Bedchamber, Ladies and 1 

Women of 88 

" Beef-eaters," 88 ; also under 

Bishops, 18 ; Suffragans, Colo- 
nial, &c., 21 ; as King's 
Chaplains, &c., see under 

" Archbp." 18 

Black Rod 67, 88 

"Blood" and "Blood Royal" 9 

Blue Rod, Usher of 72 

Board of Trade loi 

Body Guards 88 

BreviaClausa 16 

British Empire, Order of 73' 

Cabinet. The 88 

Chair, Coronation 2 

„ King Edward's .2, 

Chamberlain, Lord, of House- Cross-pattee 2,77 

hold ..,951 Crown Colonies ...27, note, and go 

,, ,, Great 961 ,, ,, Agents for 92 

Chancellor, Lord High 23, 96 Crown of India, Order of 75 

,, of Duchy of Lan- I Crowns, various Royal 1 

caster 88 i Cumberland, D. of, once King 

„ of Exchequer 88 of , 9 ; has an Irish title 8 

Chancery, Com-t of 88 Cupbearer, Chief— see "Butler." j 

,, of Orders of Knight- ["Curtana" 2 

hood 67|Cm-zonof K.,Earl, Irish title.. lo | 

Chapels Royal 881 Customs, Board of 92 

Chaplains, King's 88! Custos Rotulorum 92 

Charity Commissioners 88, Dalmatic Robe 3 

Chmeh Estates Commissioners 921 " Dame," a Baronet's "Wife ...59 ! 

CinquePorts 89I " Brit. Empire Order. .74 j 

City Marshal 4 Dapifer 93 

Claims, Court of 91 Declaration agst. Pope 6 

Classification of the Peerage . . . 22 ; " Decreet of Ranking " 25 

, , , , Degrees(Lords)22 ; ' ' Defender of the Faith " l 

Clerk of the Cheque 89! Deputy Lieutenants 92 

Descent of Nobility 10 

Distinguished Conduct Medal . . .77 

Coadjutor Bishops 21 

Coastguard 89 

Cockades 89 

Collar usages 68, note 

Colobium Sindonis 3 

Colonel Commandant 89 

Colonial "Hon.," its usage. ..27, 

Colonies, Secretary for 90 

Commander-in-Chief 90 

Commands (Army) 86 

Commissary, Bishop's 21 

Committee for Privileges go 

Common Pleas, see under " Ld. 

Ch. Justice." 
Commons,not dissolved at death 
of a Sovereign, 3; place at 
Coronation, 4 ; origin of, 16 ; 
Irish Peers who have been 
members of, 10; Speaker of 100 

Communitas (Scotld.) 24 

Companions of Honour 74 

Comptroller and Auditor-Gen. go 

„ of Household 90 

,, of Lord Chamber- 
lain's Dept go 

Consistoi-y Courts go 

Consort, Queen, 7 ; of a Reign- 
ing Queen 7 

Constable, Lord High, Engld. g6 
Scotld. g6 

,, of Tower 101 

Consul go 

Cornwall, Duchy, go ; title 8 

Coronation 4 

Chair and Oath 2,3 

Coronets, 18; Note on 17 

Coiint, the term 14 

Counties Palatine 14 

Court Dress go 

Courtesy titles, 24 (also under 
Duke) ; on mai-riage, 27 ; not 

deciding precedence 2g 

" Cousin " of King 12—15 

Crosiers and Crosses 22 

,, Service Cross ...77 

77; (Indian) 78 
,, Service Order ...75 

, , Service Order, 

Companions— Separate 855 

Divorce, Ct. of — see under Ld. 

Ch. Justice. 

Divorcees ..104 

Dowager Ladies 31,104 

Dublin, Earl of 8 

Dukes 12 

Durham, County Palatine g2 

Ealdormen 13 

Earl Marshal, 80, g2 ; and under 

" Coronation " passim. 

Earls 13 

Ecclesiastical Commissioners ...92 

,, Courts 92 

Education. Board of 92 

Edward Medal 77 

Egyptian Titles ...80 

Elected Peers 24 

Envoys— see "Ambassadors." 

Equerries 92 

Ermine 12, note 

Estates of the Realm 92 

Exchequer, Ct. of— see under 

"Ld. Ch. Justice." 

Excise Department 92 

Exons — see "Yeomen." 

Extinct Peerages 53 

Faculties, Court of 92 

Falconer, Grand 93 

Female succession, 10, 16, 58; 

lure in Ireland 25 

Fisheries— see " Agriculture." 

Flag Rank 85 

Foreign Affairs, Sec. for g2 

Foreign Titles of Nobility, 25 ; 

prefixes — see under " De " in 

Forfeiture of Nobility ii 

Index to Introduction. 

Friendly Societies Registry... 93 Kaisar-i-Hind Medal 77 

Garter King of Anns 23,67 "K.B."orig. Kt. of Bath... 70, 74 

Garter, Order of 67 K.C., title when retained, &o.,23 

Gentlemen -at -Arms, 93; at ' Keeper of Privy Purse 94 

Coronation 5 ,, of the King's Consoienoege 

Gentlemen Ushers 93 Kingdom and its Bulers i 

George, St. (Order)— see " Mi- ! King Edward's Chair (Edwd. I.) 2 

chael, St." King's Advocate (& Proctor), 

Gold Sticks 93 see " Admiralty." 

Golden Eagle and Spurs 2 King's Bench, Coui't of, see 

Grandsons with courtesy-titles 28 " Lord Ch. Justice." 

Great Seal 93 King's Body Guards 95 

Green Cloth, Board of 93 King's Champion 3 

„ Rod, Usherof 68 King's Counsel 95 

Groom of Stole 93 ; Kings of Arms, 81 ; at Corona- 

Grooms-in-Waiting 93 tion, 6: St. Mich, and St. 

Hanover.Kingsof,i;Knightsof73 Geo 72 

Hat privilege 17 Knightage, early usages, 65, 69; 

Heir Apparent, &c, 

,, of Peers 10 

" Heirs general" 11 

Heralds, &c 81 

Hereditary Peers 23 

Heritable Master (Scot.) 93 

High Commissioners. 93 

" Highness " and " Roy. High- 

the "accolade," 65; eques- 
trian origin, 66 ; often by 
patent, 67 ; higher Orders 
restricted to nobles, 66 ; " ad- 
ditional " or "extras," 67, 
70 ; antipathy to, 74 ; obso- 
lete privilege of Baronet's 

eldest son 58 

9 Knights Bachelor 74| 

Historic Baronetage 60I ,, of Malta 76 

,, Peerage 42 Knights' fees (feudal term) 16, 74 

Holy Rom. Empii-e, Peers of... 26, „ ,, (money) abolished74 

Homage at Coronation 71 Laboratories, Govt., National 

Home Secretary 93! Physical 95 

Hon. Colonel 94: Ladies, Orders open to..., 66 

" Honourable," the term, 26 ; [ Ladies-in- Waiting 95 

in Colonies 27, note\ "Lady," the term 27, 31 

"Hon. Lady" 27, 30 Lairds 24 

Hornings, Keeper of 941 Lancaster, Chancellor of DuchySS 

House of Lords 22 Lapsing of titles 11 

"Hk, Of that" 58 Larderer, Chief, see "Butler." 

"Imperial," The term 10 1 League of Mercy 78 

Imperial Mantle 3 Legations—see " Ambassrs." 

,, Service Order 75 Levees 95 

,, of Knights 74 Lieutenant, Lords 97 

, , titles held by Scottish Lieutenant of Tower 95 

& Irish Peers 41 Lieutenants, Deputy (& Vice-) 92 

Index to Peerage Bolls 37 , , of City of London 95 

India, Sec. for, 94; Viceroy. ..102 Life Peers .^ 24 

Lord Warden 97 

Lords, House of, composition, 
22 ; forms of admittance, 

procedure, &c., 22, 23; of 

Session, 25 ; order of calling, 

32 ; Committee for privileges 90 

Lords Bishops 20 

Lords-in-Waiting 97 

Lords Lieutenant of Counties 97 

,, Ordinary, 
Lunacy Commissioners 
Lyon King of Arms ... 

Maids of Honour 97 

Maltese Cross 76 

,, Peerages... 26,105 

Mantles— King's, 3 ; Peers' . . 

Marines, Royal 97 

Marquesses 13 

Marriage of Peeresses, &c 29 

Marshal, Earl 92 

" Master," heir of Scottish 

Peer 28,31 

Master, Heritable (Scot.) 93 

„ of the Horse 97 

,, ,, ,, Household 97 

,, ,, „ Rolls 97 

Medals in Evening Dress 103 

Mercy, Order and League of ...78 

Merit, Order of 74 ; Indian 78 

Meteorological Oifice ... 97 

Michael and St. George, Order 

of St 72 

Military Cross 77 ; Medal 77 

Military Knights of Windsor. . .76 

Ministers Plenipotentiary 97 

Ministry 97 

Miniver 12, note 

Minors cannot sit in Lords 23 

Mint, Royal, and in Colonies... 97 

Missionary Bishops 21 

" Mistress " applied to Scottish 

Peer's heiress 31 

Mistress of Robes 97 

Mitres 22 

Moderators 97 

Modes of Address 103 

"Monsieur" for Baron 15 

Indian Dist. Serv. Medals 77 Local Government Board 95;Montfort, Sir Simon de ...15, 16, 

,, Empire, Order of 72 London Clubs, addresses of...io6j 42, no<« 

,, Marine . 97 London County Council 95 Morganatic marriage 31 

native titles 78 "Lord," the term 26iMorniaer or Murmhaor 24 

Orderof Merit 78 Lord Advocate 95 

Inland Revenue 94 Lord Chamberlain and Gt. 

Insignia, of Sovereign, 1 ; of I Chamberlain, 95, 96 : at 

Peers, see under "Dirkes," Coronation, passim — see 

&c., and Note on Coronets. ! also for latter under " Chol- 

,, Return or retention of ..94 mondeley" in Dii-ectory. 
Investiture, 94; see also imder I Lord Chief Justice 95 

"Dukes," &c. ! Lord Clerk Register 99 NobiUty, privileges of .... 

Ireland, Chief Sec. for 94 Lord High Admiral 96 North African Titles 

,, Lord Lieutenant, 96 ; for .Lord High Chancellor, 23, 96 ; 1 Nova Scotia, Baronets of 
"Chancellor" and "Stew- of Ireland under ditto 96' Oath at Coronations, 6 

Motto of Garter 67 

Moimd (Orb) 2 

Munitions , Ministry of 98 

National Debt Commissioners. . .97 

Nautical Almanac 98 

Naval General Serv. Medal 77 

Nicolas, Sir N. Harris 14, note 



see under these offi- Lord High Constable 

cers for England. ,, „ Steward 

Irish Bishops 20 Lord Justice-General, see 

„ Constabulary 99 sions, Court of." 

,, Peers, 24, 40 ; elected, 40 ; I Lord Lieutenant of Ii-eland, 

do. in Commons, and remark I powers of creating . , . . 

on their titles 10 Lord Mayor, 96; Sheriffs 100 Orb 2 

Ivory rod 2I Lord Mayor of London 96! Orders, wearing of in Evening 

John the Evang., Legend of... 3! Lord of Session 25I Dress 103 

Judge Advocate-General 94 Lord Pres 96; Ordinary, Perm. Lords 100 

Judicial Cmttee. of Priv.Counc.55[ „ Privy Seal 97, Ordnance— see " War Office." 

Justice, Lord Chief 95' „ St^eyard of Househd gyOrdiiance Sm-yey g8 

Peer's accession, 23 ; legal, of 

Peer ...11 

Oblations or offerings at Coro- 
nation 7 

" Of," when used in titles 10 

Official Peers 24 

Index to Introd^iction. 


Pages Of Honour, &c 98 

rallium 3 

Pannetier, Grand 93 

Patent, Barons by 17 

Office 98 

Patina 5 

Patrick, Order of St 69 

Paymaster-General 98 

"Pearls" in coronets 13, i8j 

Peculiars, Coui-t of 98 

Peerage, General Remarks 9 

,, Classification of 22 

,, Outside of the House 24 
Peeresses, marriage of, 29 ; in 

own right 25 

Peers of ParUament, 10, 20 ; of 
England. Scot., Irel., &c., 6 ; 
trial of, and as witnesses, 11 ; 
forfeiture, attainder, &c., 11 ; 
term implying " equals," 15 ; 
classifications of, 22 ; position 
asK.C.'s, 23; hereditary, 23 ; 
life, official, and elected, 24 ; 

by courtesy 28 

Peers' Sons & Grandsons, 28 ; 
Widows, 31 : eldest son sum- 
moned to Lords, 11 ; rela- 
tives, nomenclature of 26 

Physicians, King's 99 

Plenipotentiary, Ministers, see 

Port of Lond. Authority 101 Office 99 

" Powdered " mantle 12 

Precedence, 81 ; of Companion- 
ships, Maltese 26 

Premier, 99 ; obtaining Peerage 15 

Premier Dukes, 12 ; Marquesses, 

13; Earls, 14; Viscounts, 15; 

Barons, 17; Baronets 59 

President of Council, Lord 99 

Primogenitiu-e, when disre- 
garded 16 

Prince Consort 8 

Prince of Wales 8 

,, ,, ,, re- sworn on 
Accession of new Sovereign. . . 7 

Princes and Piincesses 8, 9 

Princess Royal 9 

Pi'ivileges of Peers 11 

Privy Coimcil 55 

,, Purse, Keeper of 94 

,, Seal, Lord 97] 

Protestant Religion (in Oath) ..6 

Proxy, voting by, dropped 23] 

Public Buildings — see " Works." 

Pursuivants 81 

Quartermaster 99 

Queen Consort and Dowager, 
7; coronation of, 7; her train, 

form of 5 

Queen Mother 7 

Quorum in Lords 23 

Recognition chair ... 4 

Record Office, Public 99 

Red Cross, Royal 78 

Regalia of Sovereign, 1 ; bearers 

of 4, 5 

Registrar-General 99 

Relatives of the Sovereign 7 

"Remainder" ii 

Repiresentati ve Peers 24, 40 

" Right Hon.," the term 27 

Rmg.Ruby 3 


Robes and Insignia 1 '" Supporters " inarms ..12 

Robes or Mantles, Note on i8| Sui'geons, King's— see " Physi- 

Rod — see "Green," "Scarlet," cians." 

"White," & "Blue." ' Swords of State, Justice, and 
Roll of the House of Lords, 32 ; i Mercy, 2 ; that of State " re- 
Index to 37i deemed" 6 

Rolls, Master of 97 Tabard 8i 

Roman Catholic Irish Bishops, 1 Teinds, Lords Ordinary 101 

20 ; Peers 39i Tenants in Chief 16 

Rouge Dragon 8ii Tenui-e, Barons by, 15; afiheadmg 

Royal Family Sui-name ...53, 107 Terms, " Lord," " Lady," 

,, Hanoverian Order 73I " Hon,'' &c 26 

,, Ii'ish Constabulary 99 Territorial Decoration 77 

,, Marines 97J Tertium Denarium 14 

,, Peculiar 98 Thanes 15 

,, Red Cross 78; "The" before "Lord," 

,, Robe of Pui-ple Velvet... 7 j "Lady," &c. (under Baron). .104 

,, Victorian Order 73 Thistle, Order of 68 

Ruby Ring 3' Title-page, description of^ vii 

St. Andrew's Cross 

St. Edward's Chair, Crown and 

Staff 1,2 

St. George's Cross (Garter) 68 

St. John of Jems., Order of ...76 
St. Michael and St. George, 

Order of 72 

St. Patrick, Order of 69 

Salford Hundred 99 

Sa.sine Office 99[ Trial before Peers 

Scarlet Rod, Usher of 70 ; Trinity House .. . 

Titles of Sovereign, 1 ; of Prince 
of Wales, 8; of Peers, 10; 

Coiu-tesy 12, 28 

Tower, Constable of 101 

Trade, Board of 101 

Travel's Pension 76 

Treasurer of Household 101 

Treasury, Commissioners 101 

„ First Lord 101 


Schiremen 13 

School Bd., London — see 

"Lond. Co. Counc." 
"Scotch," the word objected 

to 24, note 

Scotland, King's Oath (main- 
tain Church of) 3 



Bloody Hand of" ...58 

King of Arms 69 

Under Sees, of State loi 

Ushers, Gentlemen 93 

„ of Green Rod, 68; Scarlet 
Rod, 70 ; Blue Rod, 72 ; White 

Rod (Scot.) 102 

Lord High Constable 96 Vice-Chamberlain 95 

,, ,, Steward 961 Vice-Consul— see " Consul." 

,, Secretarj' for .. 100 Viceroy of India, 102; of Iieland 

Scottish Peers, 24,"40 ; elected.. .40] —see "Ld. -Lieutenant." 

,, Lords of Session 25 Victoria & Albert, Order of 75 

Sergeants-at-Arms looj Victoria Cross 76 

Sessions, Couit of, 100; Lords j Victorian Order, Royal 73 

of 25: Viscounts 15 

Sheriffs of City of London lool Vokruteer Long Service Medal 77 

„ Counties 100 ,, Officers' Decoration 77 

Signet, Writers to 100' Voting in Lords 23 

Silken cord hanging \\\ Wales, Prince of (position, in- 
Silver Sticks 100' signia, &c.) 8 

" Sir" with a Peer's name 66 War Office, Secretary for 102 

Sitting in Lords, one sufficient 16 Warden, Lord 97 

Sodor and Man, Bp 19, Warders — see " Yeomen." 


Somerset House 100 

Sovereign, The, 1 ; Accession of 3 

Speaker 100 

Spurs, of Sovereign, 2 ; of 

Knights 66 

S. S 81 

Standard Bearer 101 

Stannaries 101 

Star of India, Order of 71 

Steward, Lord High, 11, 96; 
Ireland, under ditto 

,, Scotland 96 

Stole (in Coronation) 3 

Warrant Holders, Royal 102 

„ Officers 102 

Westminster School at Coro- 
nation 5 

White Rod, Usher of 102 

Widows, Peer.s' 31 

Windsor Herald 81 

,, House of 108 

,, Knights of 76 

Women of Bedchamber io2 

Woods, Commrs. of 102 

Woolsack 102 

Works, Commissioners of 102 

Worksop, Lord of Manor of ... 6 

Stone of Destiny 2| Writ, Barons by, i6 ; when still 

Strawberry leaves 18: used ,17; at new Parliament 23 

Sufl'ragan Bishops 21' Yeomen of Guard 103 

Summons, Writ of, 16; of | Younger sons of nobles, 28, 

Peer's son to Lords 23 and see under " Duke," &c. 

gupertunica 3 

Promotions and Creations. 



Marquesses, 3 ; Earl, 1 ; Viscounts, 5; Barons, 11 (including an Imperial Barony to Viscount Valentia) : 

see Historic Peerage, p. m. 
Peerages Extinct— YvKaMovX, 6,6 Montmorency Viscounty ( Muucaster (U.K. and I.], Fitzhardiuge and 

Haversham Baronies. 
Repres. Peers elected for Scotl a nd^'Earl of Lindsay, Baron Forbes, Baron Fairfax of Cameron. 
Rt'pres. Peer elected for Ireland— 'Earl of Kingston. 

Rt. Rev. Cecil Wilson, to Bunbary ; Eev. W. F. Wentworth-Shields, to Armidale ; Rev. E. D. L. Danson, 

to Labnan; Rev. R. S. Heywood, to Mombasa. 
Lord of Session—Sh- Cliristoplier Johnston, with hench title of (Hon.) Lord Sands. 

Peivt Councilloks. 

20 (see pp. 55-7). 

36 (see Historic Baronetage, p. 65). 
Claim es/a6//s/(e(Z— Sharp-Bethune (Sharp of Sootscraig). 

LxUnct—AHhman, Burrows, Dev.-a.r of Perth, Holcroft, Western, Butlin, Jameson. 

Merged in Peerage- kit^tw, Herbert, Kuatchbull, Lever of Thornton Manor, Smith of Colwyn Bay, 

Knights, etc 
A'.G.— H.R.H. Prince Albert ; Marquess of Salisbury ; Marquess of Bath. 
K.T.—Biike of Buccleuch and Queensberry ; Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. 
A:.P.— Viscount French. 
Royal Victorian Chain— Ea.r\ of Roseberv. 
C.I. -The Lady Willingdon. 
G.C.B., iWiL— The King of Italy (Hon.); Jackson, Adni Sir H. B.; Robertson, Gen. Sir W. R. ; Keogh, 

Surg. -Gen. Sir A. 
G.C.B., Cit).— Evans, Rt. Hon. Sir S. T. ; Holderness, Sir W. T. 
K.C.B., 3111.— 4S. 
K.C.B., Civ.—\\. 

G.C.S.I.—K.ll. the Rao of Kntch ; Lord Carmichael. 

G.C.M.G.-Lord D'Abernon ; Murray, Gen. Sir A. J. ; Fiddes, Sir G. V. ; Elliot, Sir F. E. H. 
G.C. I.E.— Earl of Ronaldshay; O'Dwyer, Sir M. F. ; Keppel, Lt.-Col. Sir G. 0. R. Roos-; Ghulam 

Sluhammad Ali, Sir ; Cox, Lt.-Col. Sir P. Z. 
G.C. K.O.— Lord Balfour of Burleigh ; Lord Annalv ; Hopwood, Rt. Hon. Sir F. J. S. ; Beatty, Adiii. Sir D. ; 

Hamilton, Adm. Sir F. T. ; Plumer, Gen. Sir H. C. O. ; Rawlinson, Gen. Sir 11. S., Bart.; 

Carnegie, Hon. Sir L. D. 

Ordeu of the BiuTisii Empire. 

Grand J/nste/'— H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. 

Dames Grand Cross {G.B.E.j—ll.M. the Queen; Hon. Lady Lawley; Loui«a, Lady Paget; Flora, Lady 

Raid ; Mrs. Katherine Furse. 

Kts. Grand C. (&'.«.&)— H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught; Lord Eminott: Lord Cunliffe ; Viscount 

Gladstone; Lord Moulton ; Lord Strathclyde; Geddes, Rt. Hon. Sir E. ; Pearson, Sir A., Bt. ; 

Stanley, Hon. Arthur ; Lord Sydenham ; Sankey, Hon. Sir J. ; Younger, Hon. Sir R. ; McDowell, Alex. 

Dames Commander {D.B.E.i—Bariot, Dowager Duchess of Dufferin and Ava ; Hon. Mrs. Alld. Lyttelton ; 

Mrs. Chas. Lees ; The Marchioness of Londonderry ; Lady Byron. 
A7.S. Commander ih'.H.E.)—a. 
Kts. Bach.-ns. 

Companions, etc. 

C.V.O., 10; C.B.E..'(r,; C.B., Mil. 200, Civ. 36; C.S.L, 17; C.M.G., 433; CLE.. 84; M.V.O. i4th), 19; 
O.B.E., 70; D.S.O., 2,539 (also 74 Bars and two 2nd Bars) ; M.V.O. (5th), 3; M.B.E., 53 ; I.S.O., 30. 

Companions (\f' Honour, 18. 



All dates for 1917 xinless otherwise stated. 'l]liert loo latefo, 
arei/iVfu in italics. 

in ill the Directory, sitrnan 


Killed ia Action. t Died of Wounds. 

tAdderley, Hon. Humphrey J. A., London Eegt.— 

♦Armitage, Capt. Frank Rhodes, d.s.o., Ti.B.—Julu 30 
♦Armstrong (Neville-), Lt.-Col. f. S. JV., D.s.o.— 

April 23 
Astell, Capt. Somerset C. G. F., d.s.o. (from illness 

upon active service)— J/ff/'eA 2i 
*Astley, Lieut, the Hon. Jacob J.-Sept. 26 
•Atchison, Lt.-Col. Chas. E., d.s.o.— ^((gr. 24 
Baker. Lt.-Col. Robt. Geoffrey, o.s.o.— Feb. 2.3 
♦Ball, Capt. Albert, D.s.o. (2 Bars), m.c, Uffi— J/«i/ 17 
Bannatyne, Maj. Edgar Jas., d.s.o. (aeroplane 

accident while on asrvice)— Sept. 11 
•Bare, Capt. Arnold E., u.y.o.— Oct. 30 
Barne, Maj. Miles, d.s.o. (accidentally wounded 

while upon active service)— Sept. 17 
Bateman (Jones-), Lt.-Col. LI. N., c.m.g. (illness 

following active service)— Jw/i/ 2.5 
*Battye, Lt.-Col. Clinton W., o.s.o.—A'OV. 25 
tBeatty, Maj. Charles H. L., d.s.o.— J/a// 17 
Beauchamp (Proctor-), Col. Sir Horace G., c.b.— 

Aug. 12, 1915 
♦Belcher, Lt.-Col. Harold T.. D.s.o.— Jk/// 8 
♦Bell, Maj. Gawain Murdoch, v.s.o.— July 31 
tBenuett (Sterudale-), Com. Walter, d.s.o. (Bar)— 

Nor. 7 
♦Bent, Lt.-Col. P. E.. D.s.o.- Oe/. ? 
tBeresford, Lt.-Col. Percy William, d.s.o.- Oct. 26 
*Bernays, Actg.-Com. Leopold A., c.m.g., d.s.o.— 

''Best, Maj. Thos. A. D., d.s.o.— Dec. ? 
►Black, Maj. Percy, d.s.o.— April 11 
"Blackwood, 2nd Lt. Lord Basil, heir to Dutferin 

and Ava Marquissate— J'-;;?.'/ 3 
tBlunt, Lt.-Col. Duncan Hamilton, d.s.o.— Oc/. 3 
tBoardman, Maj. Thomas Hy., D.s.o.— ^((gf. ? 
tBonner, Lt.-Col. Singleton, D.s.o.—May 1 
tBoone, Maj. Hy. Griffith, D.%.o.—Sept. 6 
♦Bowen, Lt.-Col. Alfred J. H., D.s.o. (and Bar)— 

March 2 
♦Boyle, Lt.-Col. Ernest Charles Patrick, d..s.o.— 

Feb. 7 
tBredin, Maj. Charles E. A., d.s.o.— A'oc. ? 
♦Bridgeman, Com. Hon. Richard 0. B., d.s.o., r.n.— 

♦Britton, Lt.-Col. Eussell Hubert, d.s.o.— J/ay ? 
tBroadwood, Lt.-Gen. Robert G., c.b.— June 21 
♦Brown, Br. -Gen. Chas. H.Jeffries, d.s.o.— June 8 ? 
♦Bryant, Lt.-Col. Alan, d.s.o.— Oct. 17 
tBuU, Brig.-Gen. George-Dee. 11, 1916 
♦Burke, Lt.-Col. Chas. Jas., D.s.o.-April 4 
♦ButUn, Capt. Sir Hy. Guy T., 2nd Bt. (presumed 

killed) .—^pr. k;, 191G 
♦Buxton, Lieut, the Hon. Denis B. S. Buxton, heir 
to Viscty.— Ofi. 9 

tCartwright, Lt.-Col. Francis J. Winsor, D.s.o.— 

April 30 
*Cary, Lt.-Com. Hon. Byron P., -a..i^.—Sept. 16 
tChase, Lt.-Col. Archibald A., D.s.o.— March 11 
Christie, Lieut. Herbert B., D.s.o. (accident at the 

Front)— Dec. 9, 1910 
♦Churchman, Capt. Chas. Harvey, heir to Btcy.— 

May 3 
♦Clifford, Lt.-Col. Wigram, d.s.o.— June 20 
♦Chssold, Maj. Henry, D.s.o.— .Sept. 28 
♦Coates, Com. Wm. Herbert, D.s.o., r.n.k. 
CoUms, Col. Chas. Bury, c.m.g., d.s.o. (died on 

service)— J/«/-c/i 1 
♦Collins, Maj. Percy Robt. Murdoch, d.s.o.— J'H«e 25 
♦Conway, Maj. Arthur S., D.s.o.— /((He 17 
♦Corbett, Flight Sub-Lieut. Hon. Arthur C, R.u.— 

Dec, 1916 

♦Cotton, Lt.-Col. Harold T., D.s.o. 

♦Coulter, Maj. Leslie J., d.s.o. 

tCroshaw, Lt.-Col. Oswald M., d.s.o.— Sept. 26 

♦Cruikshank, Capt. Guy L., d.s.o., m.c. 

♦Cubitt, Lieut, the Hon. Alick G., heir of Bn. 

Ashcombe— -A'or. 24 
♦Curry, Capt. Wm. Horace, d.s.o.— Ort. 25 
♦Cuthbert, Capt. Jas. Harold, d.s.o.— Sept. 27, 1915 
Daly, Col. Thomas, c.m.g., r.a.m.c. (drowned on 

active ser-vice)—Aug. 
tDanier (Dawson-), 2nd Lt. the Hon. George S.— 

April 12 
♦Davenport, Maj. Fred, d.s.o., m.c— Sept. 25 
tDavidson, Lt.-Col. Norman R., d.s.o.— Oe^ 5 
de Blaquiere, Hon. Alan Boyle, Sub-Lieut, r.n.. and 

sole hell- to the Barony (lost on Laurenlicj— 

Jan. 25 
*de Calry, Lt.-Col. Valerio A. :JL. d.s.o.— May 10 
♦de la Fontaine, Lt.-Col. Hy. Victor M., d.s.o.— 

Aug. 5 
tDenison, Maj. Harry, d.s.o.— ^4 ((ff. 28 
tDenne, Maj. Wm. Henry, d.s.o.— Feb. 21 
♦Dent, Maj. Jos. Leslie, d.s.o.— April 11 
*de Renter, Srd Baron— .Vod. 13, 1916 
♦Dorman,Lt.-Cora. Thomas S. L., D.s.o., r.n.— J/az/5 
♦Dugmore, Lt.-Col. Wm. F. B. R., d.s.o.— June 12 
♦Duguid, Capt. Chas. Fredk., D.s.o., m.c. 
♦Dyer, Capt. Sir J. Swinnerton, 12th Bt., m.c— 

July 31 
♦Edwards, Maj. Geo. Rd. Owen, d.s.o.— J^nwe 17 
Edwards, Capt. Hugh, d.s.o., r.n.- Dec. 5, 1916 
♦Elliot, Lieut, the Hon. Gavin W. E., heir to Minto 

'Eldm.-Aug. 5 
♦Elton, Captain Gordon D. G., d.s.o., m.c.-N'ov. 5 
♦Evans, Lt.-Col. Alfred Winter, d.s.o.— Oci. 12 
♦Evans, 2nd Lieut. Hy. Cope, D.s.o. (missing, 

beUeved killed)— 5e/rf. 3, 1916 
♦Evans (Chiles-), Lt.-Col. David B., d.s.o., m.b.— 

April 23 
♦Fairweather, Lt.-Col. James McI.,d.s.o.— i^eft. 18 
tFarmer, Maj. Cyril, d.s.o., m.c— Aug. :', 
tFeilding, Capt. Hon. Henry S.— Oc^ / 
♦Ferguson, Capt. Geo. Douglas, d.s.o., M.B.—.4pril 
tFiennes, Capt. John Eiistace, heir to Btcy.— 

June IS 
tFigg, Lt.-Col. Donald W., D.s.o.— il/«re7i 5 
♦Fleming, Maj. Valentine, D.s.o., u.p.-May 20 
♦Flower, Lt.-Col. Victor Augustine, D.s.o.— ^((gr. 15 
Fox, Lt.-Col. Arth. Claude, d.s.o. (believed drowned) 

—April 1 1 
tFrench, Lieut. Hon. Ernest A.— Aug. 16 
♦Gallaugher, Capt. Henry, D.s.o.-June? 
♦Gibbs, Maj. Jno. Angel, d.s.o.— Sep/. 20 
Giles, Lieut. Alfred E. B., d.s.o., r.n. (accidentally 

drowned on service)— Oc^ 24-5 
tGodman, Lt.-Col. Laurence, d.s.o.— Sept. 30 
♦Gold, Capt. Chas. Rene, d.s.o.— iVou. 21 
Goodhart, Com. Francis H. H., d.s.o., r.n. (drowned 

on active service)— /are. 30 
tGordon, Br.-Gen. Alister F., c.m.g.— July 31 
♦Gorell, 2nd Bn., Maj. r.f.a.— Ja». 16 
♦Gosling, Br.-Gen. Charles, c.m.g.— Apiril 12 
♦Green, Lt.-Col. William, D.s.o.-April 
♦Grissell, Lt.-Col. Bernard Salwey, D.s.o.-April 19 
Gvmning, Br.-Gen. Orlando G. (illnes.^)—Xov. 14 
Gunter, Lt.-Col. Sir Robert B. N., 2nd Bt. (d. on 

service)— ^H£r. 
♦Hallwright, Lt.-Com. Wm, Wybrow, D.s.o., K.N.— 

April 21 
♦Harington, Maj. Wm. Guy, d.s.o.— Sept. 28 
♦Harrisson, Maj, Roland D.) D.s.o.— Sep*. 16 



♦Harvey, Capt. Douglas, Tt.s.o.—Feh. 10 
♦Hawker, Maj. Lance G., d.s.o., JJIB—Nov. 191G 
tHayman, Mat Wm. Muir, v.s.o— Jul]/ 13 
Heame, Col. Wm. VTeston, d.s.o.— Nov./ 
Hedley, Lt.-Col. John E., u.s.o. (d. on active 

service)— Jw/j^ 15 
*Hempson, Capt. Claude D., n.s.o.—3Iarch 9 
tHerbert, Capt. Hon. Elidyr J. Bernard, lieir of Bn. 

Treowen.— iVoe;. .■" 
tHewitt, Lt.-Col. Eobert Westbrooke, v.s.o.— Sept. 

Holland, Br.-Gen. Gerald E., c.b. (on sick leave 

from active service)— J"M}»e 26 
*Holmes, Maj. -Gen. William, cm. g.—/m?« 2 
*Holwell, Lt.-Col. E. V. Doherty, d.s.o.— Jon,. 9 
*Hopvvood, Lt.-Col. E. Byng G. Grigge, u.s.o.— 

Jul// 20 
*Horsfal], Lt.-Col. A. G., d.s.o.— Oo^ 9 
Horton, Lt.-Col. Jas. Hy., d.s.o. (d. on service)— 

July > 
♦Hudson. Lt.-Col. Robert A., d.s.o.— Oct 6 
♦Humphreys, Maj. Dashwood, W. H., d.s.o.— fe6. 17 
Husband, Capt. Geo. S., d.s.o., m.b. (died on ser- 
vice)— J/rtrcA 
tHutchison, Maj. Harry (Can.), o.%.o.—Nov.l 

tingham, Maj. Robert J. P., d.s.o.— July 1 

tJameson, Lt.-Col. Edmund J., d.s.o.— March 27 
♦Johnston, Br.-Gen. Fras. Earl, c.b.— Aug. 8 
♦Jones (Lloyd-), Maj. Percy A., d.s.o.— Dee. 1916 

* Kelly (Harvey-), 

Kemball, Col. Ai _., , „„...... 

Kemble, Lt.-Col. Hy. Herbert, d.s.o., u.c—Jnne 7 
TRemp, Lt.-Col. Charles M., d.s.o.— Oct. 
♦Kennard, Lt.-Col. Arthur M„ d.s.o.— J^cra. 2 
TKeppel, 2nd Lt. Hon. Albert E. G. A.-Aug. 1 

Kidd (Gordon-), Capt. Arthur L., d.s.o.— Sept. 
TKindersley, Capt. Douglas C. P., d.s.o.— June 22 
♦King, Lt.-Col. Geo. Aug., d.s.o.— OcA ? 
♦King, Lt.-Col. Wm. A. de C, d.s.o.— May 27 
♦Kingsmill, Maj. Horace P., D.s.o.— Aug. 
tKnapp, Rev. Father Simon S., d.s.o., a.c.-Atig. 1 
KnatchbuU, Lt.-Col. Reginald N., d.s.o. (from 

effects of heat on active service) — July 2f 
♦Knight, Capt. Arthur Gerald, D.s.o., m.c. 

Langrishe, 2nd Lt. Hercviles Ralph, e.f.c, heir to 

Btcy. (accident while flying on duty}— Feb. ic 
Lawrence, Lt.-Col. Geo. A. K., d.s.o., r.i'.c. (killed 

while flying)-/a». 28 
Ledgard, Lt.-Com. Wm. Rimington, d.s.o. (illness 

contracted upon active service)— J^wi?/ 23 
♦Leeson, Lieut. Alex. Neve, d.s.o.— Oc?. 22 
tLeighton, Maj. John B. Talbot, ii.c,, heir to Btcy. 

—May 7 
Le Mesurier, Capt. Chas. E., c.b., r.n. (at Guy's 

Hospital)— iVop. 10 
tLeonard, Lt.-Col. Edwin W., d.s.o.— April 
♦Linton, Lt.-Col. Chas. Strangway.s d.s.o. (Bar), 

M.c— .Vol). 20 
♦Loch, Capt. Alexander F. A., D.s.o.— July 22, 1910 
tLoder, Capt. Robert Egerton (Robin), heir to 

Stcy.—March 29 
♦Long, Br.-Gen. Walter, c.m.g., d.s.o.— Jan. 27 
♦Longbourne, Capt. Hugh Richd., d.s.o.— May 3 
♦Lowe, Br.-Gen. Arthur C, D.s.o.- -Vor. 24 
♦Lubbock, Capt. Hon. Eric F. P., u.c.—Marc/i 11 
♦Lucas, 8th Baron, p.c.—Xo'j. 3, 1916 
♦Lucas, Lieut. Thos. Farquhar, heir to Btcy.— 

June 16 
Lye, Lt.-Col. Robert C, d.s.o. (d. on active service) 

—June 28 

♦McConaghey, Lt.-Col. Maurice E., d.s.o.— April 23 
♦Macfarlane, Lt.-Col. Wm. MacCulkim, d.s.o.— 

Feb. 19 
♦Mackenzie, Flight-Com. Colin Roy, d.s.o. 
♦Mackenzie, Lt. Wm. Sinclair, d.s.o.— 3Iay ? 
♦Maolachlan, Br.-Gen. Ronald (J., d.s.o.— Aug. 11 
McLaren, Lieut, the Hon. Francis W. S., m.p. (k. 

by ai'.cident while flying on service).- ^wg'. 30 
McNeill, Lt.-Col. Malcolm, c.m.g., d.s.o. (in Red 

Cross hospital)— i/iOff 3 
tMcNicoU, Maj. David Graham, d.s.o.— Sept. 20 

♦Magnay, Lt.-Col. Philip M., heir pres. of present 

Ht.—April 13 
♦Magniac, Lt.-Col. Meredith, d.s.o.— April 2.5 
tJIallock, Maj. Chas. Herbert, d.s.o.— Nov. 5 
♦Manners, Lt.-Col. Lord Robert W. 0., c.m.g., d.s.o. 

—Sept. 11 
♦Markwell, Maj. Wm. Ernest, D.s.o. — Nov. ? 
♦Master (Chester-), Lt.-Col. Richard C, D.s.o.— 

Aug. 30 
tMatthews, Br.-Gen. Godfrey E., c.b.— April 12 
Maude, Lt.-Gen. Sir Fredk. Stanley, k.c.b. (died on 

active service). — Nov. IS 
•Maxwell, Col. Francis A., c.s.i., 'Ud^—Sept. 21 
tJlaygar, Lt.-Col. Leslie C, d.s.o., Y!€—Nov.'/ 
♦Milne, Capt. Jos. Ellis, D.s.o., m.D.—Feb. 
♦Mobbs, Lt.-Col. Edgar R., d.s.o.— July 31 
tMolesworth, 2nd Lt. Hon. Chas. W. M. C, heir to 

Yiscty.— April 15 
tMomber, Maj. Edward M. ¥., D.s.o., ^.c.—Juiie 20 
♦Moorhouse, Lt.-Col. Harry, d.s.o.— Oct. ! 
♦Morris, Lt.-Col. Frank G. Greir, d.s.o.— Aug. 10 
♦Murphy, Lt.-Col. Aifd. Durham, d.s.o., m.c— A'ot).6 
Murray, Col. Frank, d.s.o. (upon service, at sea)— 

A'pril IS 
♦Mutch, Lieut. George, D.s.o. 

tNajiier, Lieut. Rupert Geo. C, heir to Napier of 

Magdala '&\iy.—Aug. 2 
♦Nasmith, Capt. Arth. Plater, d.s.o.— April 23 
♦Nicholas, Maj. Geo. Matson, d.s.o.— Nov. 11, 1910 
♦Nott, Lt.-Col. Thos. Walker, D.s.o.-April IS 

♦Ogilvy, Capt. Hon. Patrick J. H. S., M.c.-Ort. 9 
♦Ormsby, Br.-Gen. Vincent A., c.B.--Mai/ 2 
tOsler, 2nd Lt. Edwd. Revere, heir 'to Btcy.— 

Aug. 3i» 
♦Ouchterlony, Maj. Jno. Palgrave Heathcote, d.s.o. 

—June S 

♦Page, Lt.-Col. Frank, d.s.o. (Bar 1917) 
tPaul, Maj. Courteuav T. S., D.s.o.— July 31 
♦Peake, Br.-Gen. Malcolm, c.u.g.— Aug. 27 
♦Peel, Rev. the Hon. Maurice B., m.c (and Bar; 

killed while serving as Army Chaplain)— J/«// 14 
tPhillpotts, Lt.-Col. Brian S., D.s.o.-Sept. 4 
Pinching, Maj. Minden C. C, D.s.o. (in hospital)— 

April 20 
tPinney (Pretor-), Lt.-Col. Chas. Fredk., d.s.o.— 

April 28 
♦Pirie, Lt.-Col. Arthur M., D.s.o.— jVoi-. 21 
♦Poore, Maj. Roger A., D.s.o.-Sept. 26 
♦Porter, Maj. Wm. Guthrie, d.s.o.— ^«/ie 9 
tPorter (Archdale-), Maj. John G., d.s.o.— A'or. 22 
♦Potter, Maj. Kenneth Mitchell, d.s.o.— July S 
♦Pragnell, Maj. Geo. S. T., d.s.o.— July 23 
tPratt, Lt.-Col. Audley Chas., d.s.o.— Aug. 
jPrimrose, Capt. the Rt. Hon. Neil J. A., m.c, m.v. 

♦Proctor, Capt. W'na. Howard, d.s.o.— April 24 
Puckle, Lt.-Col. John, D.s.o. (drowned on active 

service)— ^pc/V 15 
♦Pulling, Flight-Lieut. Edwd. Laston, d.s.o., h.n, 

♦Puraphrey, Capt. Arnold, d.s.o.— -Sep/'. 21 
♦Pye, Lt.-Col. Cecil R. A., d.s.o.— Oct 4 

♦Ramsay, Capt. Stuart, d.s.o.— J^««e.'' 
♦Rattray, Lt.-Col. Haldane B., D.s.o.— March ? 
♦Raw, Lt. Rupert Geo., v.s.o.— Aug. 7, 1915 
♦Rawling, Br.-Gen. Cecil G., c.m.g.— 0(7. 2S 
♦Redmond, Capt. Wm. Archer, D.s.o., m.p. 
♦Reid, Lt.-Col. Alex. Daniel, d.s.o.— July 31 
♦Rich, Maj. Chas. B., d.s.o.— Aug. 10 
♦Ridgeway, Maj. Edwd. W. C, c.i.k.— i^e6. 23 
♦Ridgway, Lt.-Col. John Herbert, d.s.o.— ^/;/77 21 
♦Rigg, lit. George Southerton, d.s.o.— July SI 
Roberts, Brig.-Gen. Arthur C, c.m.g., d.s.o. (in 

hospital, following active service)- J/aj/ 17 
Roberts (Stoke-), Br.-Gen. Edwd. R. B., c.b. (died on 

service)— iVow. 22 
tRobinson, Lt.-Col. Archd. Tyrrell, d.s.o.— May 11 
tRobinson, Maj. Fredk. Winwood, d.s.o.— April IS 
Robinson, Capt. Hy. Harold, D.s.o. (drowned on 

active service)— J/«2/ ? 
tRose, Capt. Philip Vivian, heir to Btcy. QfRayners 

—April 25 



Ross, Maj. Arth. Justin, d.s.o. (and Bar: biplane 

accident on service)— ^Kfi'. i 
♦Round, Capt. Harold C, D.s.o., N.c.—Aiig. 24 
*Ro\vle.v, 2nd Lient. Hon. Geo. CecW— Feb. 17 
♦Russell, Lt.-Col. Jas. Cosmo, b.s.o— July 'ii 

♦Sanders, Lt.-Com. Wm. Edward, d.s.o., uar, r.n.e. 
♦Sanderson, 2ud Lieut. Christopher, d.s.o. 
♦Scott, Lt.-Col. Allan H., vi.s.o.—Sepl. 30 
*Soott, Lt.-Col. Jno. Willoughby, d.s.o.— ^pr;7 2.S 

1, 'th E. of, 2nd Lieut. R. Yv.i— April 13 
tShaw, Capt. Edwd. Wingfield, D.s.o.— i)ec. 7, 1916 
♦Shaw, Maj. Wm. Jlaxwell, v.s.o.—May 28 
♦Short, Lt.-Col. Wm. Ambrose, c.m.g. —J«ne 21 
Shuttleworth (Kay-), Capt. Hon. Edwd. J. (acci- 
dent while on leave)— Jw/y 10 
♦Shuttleworth (Kay-), Capt. Hon. Lawrence XJ., heir 

to Shuttleworth "Bny.— March 3(1 
♦Simonds. Ma.i. John de Luze, u.s.o.— April 21 
♦Smith, Lieut. Arth. D. Thorntou— Jm^t. 1G 
♦Smith, Lieut. Cyril Aldin, D.s.o., r.n.v.r.— /loielO, 

tSmith, Lt.-Col. Duncan Vaughan, ly.^.o.— April 13 
Smith, Col. Granville R. F., e.v.o. (illness following 

active service)— Jl/«fi7i I 
tSquire (Hutton-), Maj. Kobt. Hy. Edmd., D.s.o.— 

April S 
♦Steele, Maj. Alexander, d.s.o.— iV'or. .' 
♦Street, Col. Harold E., c.m.g.— ^((gr. 25 
♦Stronge, Lieut. Jas. Matthew, heir to Btoy.— .4«(fi'. 
♦Sutlolk (and Berkshire), Maj. the (19th) E. of- 

April 21 
♦Symons, Col. Frank A., c.m.g., d.s.o.- ^/)r/7 3(i 
Szulezewski, Lieut. Oswald, d.s.o., e.n.v.u. (died on 

service)— Oc/. 28 

♦Thesiger, Lieut. Hon. Frederic I., heir to Chelms- 
ford Buy.— J/fli/ 
tThicknesse, Maj. F. W.. d.s.o.- OrC. 19 
tThompson, Lt.-Col. F. Vivian, j>..s.o.- Oc/. U 
tThompson, Lt.-Col. Harold, d.s.o.— April 24 
♦Thomson, Lt.-Col. Alex. Thos., ])..s.o., u.c.—N'ov. '! 
Thwaites, Maj. Guy (drowned in White Nile while 

on active service)— 3/a2/ 29 
♦Thynne, Lt.-Col. Algernon T., D.s.o.— J\'o«. 6 
♦Todd, Maj. Cluster Wm., d s.o.— ^«e'. 9 
♦Tonge, Lt.-Col. John, c.'ii..G.— April ! 
♦Trench, Lt.-Col. Derrick Le P., u.s.c, m.c— 

Av.g. 27 
tTrevienfels, Maj. C. 0. V., M.a.o.—June ? 
♦Truscott, Lt. Francis Geo., m.c, heir to Btcy.— 

April 6 
♦Turnbiill, Lt.-Col. Dudley R., D.s.o.-Oe/. 1 
Tyrrell, Lt.-Col. Gerald E., D.s.o. (illness contracted 
on active service)— Jl/«i' 17 

♦Walker, Capt. Edward Wm., D.s.o.— -Voi). ? 
♦Wanliss. Capt. Harold B., v.s.o. —Stpt. 20 
♦Ward, Lieut, the Hon. Gerald E. F., m.v.c— 

Oct. 3(1, 1914 
♦Watts, Lt.-Col. R. A. G., u.s.o.— April 10 
♦Webster, 2nd Lt. Godfrey V. G. A., heir to Btcy.— 

Avff. I 
Webster, 2nd Lt. Walter H., d.s.o. (died a prisoner) 
tWilford, Lt.-Col. Arthur Lucius, v.s.o.-Jiily 1 
♦Williams, Lieut. Sir B. Robert, Gth Bt. of Tre- 

gullov/— Oct. 3 
♦W illiams, Lieut. Gordon, m.v.o.— Or^ :iii 
♦Wilson, Maj. Herbert H., d.s.o.— April 11 
Worsley, Lt.-Col. Richard S., d.s.o. (torpedoed 

while returning to duty, believed drowned)— 

tWright, Capt. Reuben, d.s.o.— Aug. 

Abercromby, 4th Baron— Off. 30 

Aberdeen, Bishop of (Rt. Rev. Anthony Mitchell)— 

Jan. 17 
Abinger, uth Bavon—JIay 23 
Acton (Dalberg-), Hon. Aimie—Sepf. 30 
Adamson, Sir Wm., c.m.g. -March 11 
Aikman, Sir Robert S., Kt. M&ch.— April (5 
Aitken, Geo. Atherton, c.b. — Xov. IG 
Aitken, Col. William, c.b.— Joh. 11 
Albemarle, Dowager Countess of (wid. of 7th £.)— 

April 5 
Allerton, 1st 'B^von— April 4 
Anand Shrimant, Rao Gaekwar, c.'i.'E..—Aiig. 
Anson, Hon. Frederic Wm. — April 2 
Arbuthnot, 12th Viscount— i\^o«. 8 
Archer, Walter E., a.—Ai{g. 19 
Arnold, Geo. Fredk., c.i.'s..— April 3 
Ashburnham, Maj. -Gen. Sir Cromer, k.c.b.— i^e6. 2.5 
Ashcombe, 1st Baron- i^f6. 26 
Ashman, Sir Frederick H., 2nd and last Bt.—Dec. 

22, 1916 
Atholl, 7th Duke of, k.t.— /n». 20 
Auckland, .5th Baron- J^w?^ 31 

Bailey, Rt. Hon. Wm. Fredk. c.-b.— April IG 
Barnardiston, Lady Florence -J/niYA 27 
Earran, Eliza. Lady (wid. of 1st BD—May 4 
Barrett, Lady (wile of Lt.-Gen. Sir Arthur, k.c.b.)— 

June 19 
Barrow, Lady (wife of Sir Reuben)- J/«/'Cft 16 
Barter. Lady (wid. of Sir Richd.)— Jji/ie 2 
Bate, Sir Hy. Xewell, Kt. Bach.— ^yj,vV 
Beaumont, Hon. Mrs. Hubert— .4 »(7. 11 
Becher (Wrixon-), Lady Emily, vvid. of 3rd Bt.— 

Dec. 31, 1916 
Beckett, Walter R. D., o.u.G.-Sept. 19 
Bell, Robert, i.s.o., yi..D.—June 19 
Beruers, Baroness (16th in \\nB) — Ai<g. 18 
Bethune (Sharp-), Sir Alexander, 9th Bt.-March 31 
Beville, Lady— ^!<6'. 23 
Eigge, Sir Wm. E., Kt. Bach.— £)ec. 24, 1916 
Binnie, Sir Alexr. R., Kt. Bach.— J/«2/ IS 

Binning, Br. -Gen. the Lord, c.b., heir to Hadding- 
ton Earldom— <7aH. 12 
Birdwood, Sir Geo, C. M., Y..c.\.^.—Jvne 28 
Blake, Col. Arth. Maurice, c.yi.— Feb. h 
Blennerhassett, Dowager Lady (wid. of 4th Bt.)— 

Blunt, Lady (wife of Sir John, ^t.]— April 1 
Borden, Sir Fredk. Wm., k. c.m.g., M.D.—Jan. 6 
Borthwick, The Dowager Lady (wid. of IGth Bn.)— 

Feb. 17 
Eourke, Hon. Mrs. Terence— JuZy 16 
Bowman, Sir W. Paget, 2nd Bt.— J«». 7 
Brand, Hon. Arthur G.-Jan. 9 
Brickwood, Lady (wife of Sir iohn)— April 29 
Bridgeman, Br. -Gen. Hon. Francis C.—Sept. 14 
Brooke, Sir Charles A., g. c.m.g. (H.H. the Raja of 

Sarawak)— J/a.v 17 
Browne, Sir Benj. C, Kt. Bach.— ilfnrcA 1 
Brownlow, The Countess— J/forA 16 
Brownlow, Hon. Mary E. 3.— Feb. 6 
Bruce, Hon. Alexander— Oc^ 
Bruce, Hon. Mrs. Frederick— Feft. 28 
Burbidge, Sir Richard, 1st 'Bt.—May 31 
Buruard, Sir Francis C, Kt. Bach.— .-l?;r;7 21 
Burnett, Lady (wife cf Sir David, Bt. )—-!/('// 19 
Burr, Rear-Adm. Jno. L., c.m.g.— Xor. 13 
Burrows, Sir Ernest P., 3rd and last BL—Aug. 4 
Byles. Sir Wm. P., m.p., Kt. Bach. -Oc/. 17 
Byrne, Lady (wid. of Sir Edmund)— I'tft. 26 
Byron, 9th Baron— Ji«iT/j 30 

Cadogan, Hon. Lewin 'K.—Aug. 12 

Campbell, Capt. Hon. Ivan, heir to Breadalbane 

Eldm.— iT/«/TA 16 
Campbell (Hamilton-), Col. AVm. K., d.s.o. — Nov. 22 
Campbell von Laurentz, Baron— Ja?i. 13 
Cardin, James J., ca.—May 3 
Carlile, Sir Edward, Kt. Bach.— iV'or. 14 
Castle, Marcellus P., 'ii.y.o.— March 21 
Cathcart, Hon. Emily S., \.K.—Feb. 16 
Caylev, Capt. Sir George E. A., 9th Bt.— -Vor. 15 
Cayze'r, Sir Chas. W., 2nd Bt.-JuUj 20 



Channer, Col. Bernard, u.s.o.— Dfc. 4, 1916 
Chapman, Wm. Arthur, '\.&.o.—Ffb. 15 
Chaytor, Mary Lady (wid. of 3rd Bt.)-Of/. 11 
Clietwynd, Sir George, 4th Bt.— March lo 
Christian, Gen. H.R.H. Prince, of Schleswig-Hol- 

stein, K.G.— Ort.28 
Clark, Hon. Sir Wm. Mortimer, Kt. Bach.— ^i^^/. 11 
Clarke, Lady (wid. of Sir Caspar)— J^M/y 20 
Clayton, Rt. Kev. Bishop— J«»e 25 
Clayton, Maj. Sir Edward G., c.^.— March 5 
Clonbrock, 4th Baron, k.p., an Irish Bepres. Peer— 

May 12 
Clouston, Lady (wid. of Sir Thos.)— Jaw. 6 
Cookburn, Lady (wid. of 8th Bt.) - Oct. 30 
Cole, Lady Eliza— AfarcA 15 
Coleridge, Hon. Mrs. Gilbert— Dee. 1 
Coll, Rt. Hon. Sir Patrick, Yi.crR.— March 11 
CoUingwood, Miss Edith V., m.b.k.— iVoi). 25 
Colvile, Lt.-Gen. Sir Fiennes M., k.c -r.— March 29 
Connaught, H.R.H. the Princess Louisa Margaret, 

Duchess of, V.A.. C.I. ; born July 25, 1860, mar. 

March 13, 1879, died March 14, 1917 
Conyngham (Lenox-), hSuAy—July 1 
Cooch, Col. Charles, 'H.'W .o.— April 30 
Courthope, Wm. John, c.^.— April 10 
Cousins, Wm. Henry, c.v.—Sept. 7 
Crawshaw, The Dowager Lady (wid. of 1st Bn.)— 

June 26 
Creagh, Charles V., c.h.g.— Sept. 18 
Creswick, Col. Sir Nathaniel, k.c.b., y.n.— Oct. 20 
Cromer, 1st Earl of, g.c.b., cm., g.c.m g.— J««. 29 
Crosthwaite, Sir Eobt. J., a.. c.s.i.— July 2 
Crowly, Jos. Patrick, c.b.— July 18 
Curtis, Capt. Sir Wm. Michael, 4th Bt. ofCullctnds 

G)-oce—i>ec. 19, 1916 
Oust (Piirey-) Lady Emma- Jw/// 27 
Davidson, Col. John, c.b.— Sept. 9 
de Gex, Br.-Gen. Francis J., c.b.— April 2 
de Kusel, Samuel Selig, Bn. —iV'or. 29 
Delavoyp, Col. Alex. Marin, c.b.— ^p>-;7 26 
Devereux, Hon. Mrs. Walter-Z»ec. 13, 1916 
Devitt, Lady (wife of Sir Thos. Bt.)—Feb. 5 
Dewar (Hon.) Lord, a Lord of Ct. of Session— 

Jwie 14 
Dewar, Hon. Elsie J. T.—Feb. 23 
Dickeson, ha,Ay—June 28 
Dickinson, Lt.-Col. William, c.s.^.-Jtine& 
Dickinson, Col. Wm. Yickers, c m.g. -Uct. 28 
Dillon, Hon. Mrs. Conrad— Jmie 2 
Douglas, Hon. Mrs. Chas. (Mrs. Gason)— iVo«;. 4, 

Doverdale, The Lady (wife of Bn. D.) -Feb. 17 
Drummond, Capt. Geo. R. Bridge, m.x.o.- April 2? 
Duckworth, Hon. Mrs. Arthur— i»ec. 21, 1916 
Duddell, Wm. Du Bois,c.B.E.-i\^C2?. 4 
Duncombe, Hon. Mrs. Arthur— Avp. 23 
Dunlop, Col. Samuel, c.m.g.— Jwne 28 
Dunn, Thos. Smith, i.s.o.-Dpc. 16, 1916 
Durston. Eng.-Vice-Adm. Sir A. John, k.c.b.— 

April 18 
Dyer, Maj. Stewart, c.b., b.s.o.— Jan. 26 
Dyson, Lady (wife of Sir ^re&\i.)— March 

Eason, Hon. Mrs. Herbert— /«». 11 
Eden, Hon. Robert H. S.-Vec. 28, 1910 
Edmeades, Lt.-Col. James V., t.i.\.Q.—Feb. 6 
Edwards, Ladv (wife of Lt.-Gen. Sir Bevan E.. and 
relict of Sir Bobt. D.-H.-Elphinstone, 3rd Bt.)- 
Dec. 31, 1916 
Egerton, Lady (wid. of Sir Robert)— Dec. 12, 1916 
Egypt, H.H. the Sultan of, Hon. g.c.b.— Oct. 9 
Elgin, 9th Earl of (and 13th of Kincardine), K.G.— 

Jan. 18 
Eliot, Very Rev. Philip F., k.c.v.o.. v.d.—Nov.I 
Ellis, Hon. Lad: " ' 
Ellis (Eatcliffe-; 
Ellison, Wm A., M .v.o. m.u. 
Elphinstone, Sir Howard VV., 3rd Bt. of Soicerby- 

Jan. 3 
Ely, Caroline Marchioness of (wid. of 4th M.)- 

May 27 
Evans, Sir Edward, Kt. Bach.-Oc<. 10 
Eve, Lt.-Col. Sir Frederic S.,T.n.c.s.-Dec. 15, 1916 

Falkiner, Sir Leslie E. P. R., 7th m.-Jan. 19 
Fancourt, Col. St. John M., c.v.-Jtine 11 

Fardell, SirT. Geo.. Kt. Bach.— 3/a)T;i 12 

Fariar, Rt. Rev. Walter (late Bishop of Honduras) 

-Dec. 5, 1916 
Fawkes, Lady (wife of Adm. Sir Wilmot)— Dec. 1, 

Pernie, Hon. Mrs. William— .¥«rcA 25 
Fitzhardinge. 3rd and last Baron-Dee. 6, 1916 
FitzMaurice, Capt. Hon. Jas. Terence, k.n.— April 8 
Fitzwilliam (Wentworth-), Hon. W. Hugh S.— 

March 28 
Fleet, John F., c.i.K.-Feb. 21 
Fol.1ambe, Rt. Hon. Francis J. S.-Feb. 5 
Forbes, Lady (wife of Sir Geo., k.c.s.i.)— Dec. 14, 1916 
Fordham, Lady— Pe6. 3 
Forester, 5th Baron. — Nov. 20 
Forman, Harry B., c.b.- jHne 15 
Frankfort de Montmorency, 4th and last Viscount 

—July 5 
Franklin, Surg.-Gen. Sir Benjn., k.c.i.k.— i^e6. 17 
Fremantle, Very Rev. the Hon. Wm. Henry- 
Dec. 24, 1916 
French, Lady (wife of Maj.-Gen. Sir Geo.)— March 27 
Fryer, Lt.-Gen. Sir John, k.c.b.— ./tra. 28 
Furlong, Robt. O'Brien, c.b.- July 5 

Gallwey (Frankland-Payne-), Sir Ralph W., 3rd Bt. 

-A^OD. 21, 1916 
Golf (Davis-), Sir Wm. G., 1st Bt.— A'or. 23 
Gordon, Gen. William, c.i.Ji.— April 3 
Gosselin, Maj. Sir Nicholas, Kt. Bach.— i^'efi. 4 
Graham, Sir Robert J. S., 10th Bt. ofEsk-May U 
Graham, Gen. Sir S. James, k.c.b.— May 11 
Graham, Hon. Sir Wallace, Kt. Bach.— Ocf. 
Graham (Cunninghame-), Com. Chas. E. F„ m.v.o , 

K.N.— Junes 
Grant, Sir Arthur Hy., 9th Bt. o/Cullen—Feb. 29 
Grant, Lady Mary Augusta— J/arcA 6 
Green, Lady (wid. of Col. Sir Wm.. k.c.b.)— April 27 
Grenfell, Lady (wid. of Vice-Adm. Sir Harry)— 

Jan. 12 
Grev, 4th Earl, g.c.b.— ^((C. 29 
Griffith (Waldie-), Lady (wife of Sir Richard, Bt.)- 

Dee. 17, 1916 
Griffiths, Vincent, c.b.— May 
Grimthorpe, 2nd Baron— May 9 
Groome, Adm. Robert L., c \.o.—Noi\ 22 
Grosvenor, Hon. Mrs. Algernon— i^e6. 18 
Gvindry, Sir William, Kt. Bach.-J'«>i. 10 
Gurney, Sir Somerville A., k.c.v.o.— 3/aj^ 17 
Gurney, Lady (wife of preceding)— ^jjWi 17) 
Haddington, 11th E. of, K.T., a Scott. Repres. Peer 

— Jime 11 
Hain, Sir Edward, Kt. Bach.— Sept. 20 
Hamilton, Adm. Sir Fredk. T., g.c.v.o., k.c.b.- 

Oct. 4 
Hardinge, Hon. Lady- Jtoi. 10 
Hardman, Lady--V«.v 10 
Hare, Lady (wife of Sir Lancelot)— i\'ot'. 26, 1910 
Hare, Col. Richard C, c.b.— Oct. 31 
Harrington. 8th E. of— Feb. 5 
Harrowby, Mary, Countess of (wid. of 3rd E.)— 

July 27 
Haversham, 1st and only Bn.—3Iay 10 
Hawkins, Maj.-Gen. Alexander C, c.b.— Dec. 17, 1916 
Hay, Lady (wid. of Lt.-Gen. Sir Robert)-Jau.3 
Hendley, Col. Thomas H., c.i.K.— i^e6. 2 
Hepburn, Sir Thos. Hy., Kt. hACh.-Feb. 2 
Herbert, Sir Jesse, Kt. Bach.-Dec.26, 1916 
Herschel, Sir Wm. J., 2nd Bt.— Oct. 24 
Hill, Lady (wife of Col. Sir Wm.)— -1/«// 2 
Hilston, Lady (wid. of Sir Duncan)— i-'efi. 21 
Hobhouse, Sir Chas. Parry, 3rd Bt.-Dec. 30, 1916 
Holcroft, Sir Chas., l.-t and only Bt.— March 11 
Holroyd, Sir Chas., Kt. Bach.— A"o«. 17 
Home, Lady Charlotte Lucy— Jl/arcft 13 
Home, Maj.-Gen. Hon. Wm. Sholto D.— Dee. 22, 1916 
Home, Lady (wid. of Sir Anthony, k.c.b.— Jan. 14 
Hoole, Col. James, CM. G.-^Mfl'. 9. 
Houldsworth, Sir Wm. H., 1st Bt.-April 18 
Howard, Sir John, Kt.— April 20 
Hughes, Col. Herbert, c.B.-Jara. 16 
Hughes, Walter T., i.s.o.—J%av 22 
Hunt, Capt. Geo. P. E., d.s.c, nN.—Aue. 20 
Hylton, The Dowager Lady, wid. of 2nd Bn. (also 

relict of 3rd Earl of Dunraven)— Oe^ 30 
Hyslop, Lt.-Col. James, ii.s.o.— Oc^ 



Ingilby, Hon. Lady— ilcc. 15. 1910 
Ii-vine (D'Aroy-), Lady— J/nre/; 8 
Irving, C'has. John, c.'!i.G.~-Feb. 23 

Jaffray, Lady (wid. of 2nd Bt.). — Nov. 21 

James, Jno. Arthur, iii.y.Q.— April 30 

Jameson, Ec. Hon. Sir L. Starr, 1st and only Bt., 

C.B.— .Vor. 26 
Jelf, Sir Arthur R., Kt. Bach.— /m?2/ 24 
Jerome, Lt.-Col. Thos. S., i.s.o.— April 1 
Jervis, Hon. Caroline— J/a^/ 28 
Jodrell (Cotton-), Col. Sir Edward T. D., k c.b.— 

Oct. 13 
Johnson, Sir Henry Jas., Kt. Bach.— J/«ivA l 
Johnson (Luttman-), Col. Predc, v.s.o.— Aug. 11 
Johnston, Sir William, 9th Bt. of Caskieben— 

yoc. 22 
Jones, Emily, Lady (wid. of 3rd Bt. of Cranmer 

Hall)— June 2:! 
Jones, Sir John Pritchard, 1st Bt.— Orf. 17 
Jones, Hon. Sir Lyman M., Kt. '— April 15 

Kane, Adm. Sir Henry C, k. c.b.— /art. .30 
Kay, Eliza Lady (wid. of Ith Bt.)-Jn/i. 26 
Keene, Slaj. Chas. Jas., c.\.^.— April 9 
Kennard, Ellen Lady (Bt.'s wid., by elevation)— 

Dec. 10, 1916 
Kennedy, Lady (wid. of Sir Chas.,— Oc^ 25 
Kennedy, Lady Mary— -A'oc. 25, 1916 
Knatchbull, Sir Wyndham, 12th ^t.—Jvly 30 
Knight. Sir Hy, Edmund. Kt. Bach.— A'or. 21 
Knox, Maj.Arth. Rice, D.s.o.— ^/j;v7 22 
Knox, Maj.-Gen. Sir Wm. Geo., k.c.b.— Z)ef. 11, 1916 

Lamington, The Dowager Lady (wid. of 1st Bn.)— 

Feb. 17 
Larcombe. Thomas, r.s.o.— Dec. 14, I9i6 
Lascelles, Hon. Mary L.-Aug. i 
Laurie, Eev. J. U. L. Emilius, 3rd Bt.— Dec. t 
Leach, Sir Jos. Bithell, KT. Bach.— J^une ll 
Lees, Sir Harcourt J., «h Bt. Qf Blackrock— March 

Lees, Florence Lady (wid. of 1st Bart, of S. 

Lytchett Manot — Oct. 22 
Legge, Lady Elizth. Sarah— ^p/'(7 2 
Letehworth, Sir Edward, Kt. Bach.— Ocf . 8 
Lethbringe, Lt.-Col. Sir Alfred S., k.c.s.i.— J/areft 11 
Lever, Lady (wife of Sir Levy L.. Bt.)—3Iay 28 
Liberty, Sir Arthur L., Kt. Ba,ch..— May 11 
Lindsay, 11th Earl ot—March 20 
Llewelyn (Dillwyn-), Lady (wife of Sir John, Bt.)— 

March 3 
Lloyd, Col. Sir Morgan G., k.c.b.— June 21 
Londesborough, 2nd Earl of, k.c.x.o.—OcI. 30 
Longley, Lady (wid. of Sir Hy.j—Jvly U 
Lonsdale, Dowager Countess of (wid. of 3rd Earl)— 

July 15 
Loraine, Rear-Adm. Sir Lambton, 11th Bt.—Mau 13 
Low, Hon. Sir Frederick— .Sep/. 4 
Lowe (Drury-), Lady Lucy— J/«// 19 
Luck, Gen. Sir George, g.c.b.— Dec 10, 1916 
Lukis, Surg.-Gen. Sir C. Pardey, K.c.a.i.— Oct. 
Lyall, David E., c.s.i.— Jan. 4 
Lyall, Sir Jas. Broadwood, g.c.i.e.— J)ec. 4, 1916 
Lyons, Sir Joseph, Kt. Buch.— June 22 
Lyttelton, Hon. Mrs. Spencer (Henrietta)— J/rt]/ 20 

McBride, Hon. Sir Richard, k.c.h.g.— Aug. 6 
MacCabe, Lady (wid. of Sir Francis)— Dec. 1.5, 1916 
Macdermot Roe, The (Capt. Ffrench M.)—Dec. 2 
Macdonald, Sir Wm. Christopher, Kt. Bach.— 

June 11 
McDougall, Sir John, Kt. Bach.— J/c(y 8 
McHardy, Lt.-Col. Sir Alex. B., li.c.B.—Aug. 10 
Mackenzie, Agnes, Ladj' (wid. of 9th Bt. q/' Coul ; 

and of Bn. Grachetti)- Jan. i 
Mackenzie, Lady (wife of Sir Wm.)— -Vor. 29 
McVail, Sir David C, Kt. Bach.— A'oy. 4 

Marshall, Col. Sir Thos. H., ca.— March 29 

Martin, Col. Cunliffe, CB.—July 10 

Martin, Col. Geo. B. Xapier, c.-&.— Jun. 20 

Masham, 2nd Baron— Ja/K 24 

Massy, Isabella Lady (wid. of 5th 'Ru.i—July 19 

Maxwell (Constable-), Hon. Marcia.— i^efi. 21 

Meade, Rev. the Hon. Sidney— ff 6. 11 

Meade, Lady (wid. of Geu. Sir Riehd., K.c.s.r.)- 

Oct. 21 
Mecklenburg-Strelitz, H.R.H. Augusta, Dowager 

Grand Duchess of, c.\.—Dec., 1916 
Menzies, Hon. Mrs Sohn— April i 
Jlerriman, Col. William, c.^.Y,.— March 11 
Milburn, Sir Chas. S., 2nd Bt.— July 16 
Mills, Hon. Geoffrey E.-Aug. 12 
Molyneux, Lady Evelyn-June 26 
Molyneux, Mary Lady (wid. of 7th Bt.)-J"a/i. 26 
Montagu (Robinson-), Hon. Elizth.— -■l»e'. 19 
Moore, Lady (wid. of Sir John, k.c.b., r..\.> — 

April 29 
Morgan, Hon. Sir Arthur, Kt.— Dec. 20?, 1916 
Morris, Lady Blanche— i^e6. 13 
Morris, Lady (wid. of Sir EY&n)— Aug. 13 
Morris, Lady (wife of Col. SirWm.,K.c.M.G.)— Ja». 7 
Mosely, Alfred, c.^i.q.— July 22 
Mostyn, Hon. Mrs. George (mother of Bn. Vaux of 

il.)-Feb. 17 
Mostyn, Sir Pyers Chas., 10th Bt.— Jan. 16 
Mount Edgcumbe. 4th E. of, G.c.x.o.Sept. 25 
Mowbray, Sir Reginald A., 3rd Bt.— Dec. 30, 1916 
Moyers, sir George, Kt. Bach.— Dec. 5, 1916 
Muncaster, 5th and last Irish Baron and an Imp. 

Bn.-March 30 
Muncaster, Lady (widow of preceding)— /«?(/ 13 

Xeedham, Lt.-CoL Henry C.-Aug.i . 
Nelson, Eev. the Hon. John H.—Sept. 28 
Nicholson, Maj.-Gen. Stuart Jas., c.b.— April 10 
Nicolson, Sir Arthur T. B. R., 9th Bt. of that Ilk— 

May 27 
Niven. Sir Wm. Davidson, k.c.b.— J/«y 29 
Noel. Lt.-Col Hon. Edward— .Voi'. 9 
Norfolk, 15th Duke of, k.g.— Feb. 11 
North, Col. Dudlpy, c.b. — Nov. 22 
North, Hon. Frederic Hy. — .Yoc 17 
Nottage, Lady— Dec. 5, 1916 

O'Conor, James Edwd., c.^.r..— Jan. 8 

O'Conor Don, The (Rt. Hon. Denis C. J. O'C), p.c— 

Feb. 23 
Ogle, Lady iwid. of 6th Bt.)— Feb. 13 
O'Grady, Hon. Mrs. George-Oct. 8 
Oliver, William, i.s.o.— Jan. 20 
Olphert, Sir John, ex. o.— March 11 
Olpherts. Lady (wid. of Gen. Sir Wm., g.c.b.)— 

April 16 
Ontario, Bp. of (Rt. Rev. Wm. L. Mills)— J/«z/ t 
Orange, William, c.b., m.d.— Dec. 31, 1916 
Orchardson, Lady— May 13 
Owen, Col. Arih. Allen, M.y.o.—Ajrril 29 

Paget, Lt.-Col. Albert E. S. L., m.v.o.—Aug. 2 
Palmer, Sir Francis B., Kt. Ba,ch.— June 15 
Panzera, Lt.-Col. Francis W., c.m.g.— June 4 
Parker, Kathleen, Lady (wid. of 2nd Bt. of Shen- 

stone}— Jan. 8 
Parks, Lady (wife of Sir John).— 3'or. 
Patten (Wilson-), Hon. EUmor— April 7 
Peace, Sir Walter, k.c.u.o.— Jan. 31 
Pearson, Lady (wid. of Sir John)— May 13 
Pelham, Hon. Thomas H. W., c.b. -Dec. 23, 1916 
Perkins, Lady (wid. of Gen. Sir -Eneas)— .cl/j/77 8 
Petre, Hon. Albert Hy.— April 5 
Petre, Lady (wid. of Sir George)— Dec. 27, 1916 
Phayre, La.Ay— June 26 
Pigott, Dowager Lady (wid. of 4th Bt.)— Feb. 25 

I Pink, Lady (wife of Sir Thos.)- April 2S 

I Portman, Hon. Mrs. Walter— </i</j/ 25 

I Portsmouth.fithEarlof- Dee. 4 
Powleit (Orde), Hon. Mrs. Amias— Feb. 21 

I Pratt, Lady Frances S. H.— March 31 
Pratt. S\irg.-Gen. Wm. Simson, c.b.— Sept. S 
Pratul Chandra Chatterji, Sir, c.^r..—Aug. 
Preece, John Richd., c.m.g.— i^e6. 25 
Pretyman, Maj.-Gen. Sir Geo. T., K.c.^i.G.-Aug. 3 
Piice (Green-), Dowager Lady (wid. of 2nd Bt.)— 

Oct. 12 
Puckle, Richard K., c.i.e.— July 29 

I Queensberry, The Marchioness oi— April 25 

Eadford, Sir Geo. H., M.v.~Oct. 5 
I Ramsay, Lady (wid. of Prof. Sir Andrew)— Feb. 6 j 



Ravvlinson, Larly (wid. of Sir Christopher) -i»(?f. 8, 

Reade, Maria Lady (wid. of 7th Bt.]—Jii!i/ 11 
Reay, The Lady (wid. of Bn. Vi.)—J(m. s.i 
Reynolds, Herbert J., c.s.i.— .Voy. 30, 1016 
Ripon, The Marchioness of— Oct. 27 
Roberts, Sir John, Kt. Bach.— April 7 
Roberts, Sir Jno. Reynolds, Kt. Bach— Sept. 2.5 
Rochfort, Maj .-Gen. Sir Alexr. N., k.c.b.— iiec. .5, 1916 
Roden, Sophia Countess of (wid. of 5th E.)— Xffc. 3, 

Rogers, Col. George Wm., u.s.o.— April 27 
Rothschild (Baron), Leopold, c.^.o.— May 29 
Round, Rt. Hon. James— J)ec. 24, 1916 
Roy den, Sir T. Bland, 1st Bt.— ^wfi-. 29 
Ruffer, Sir Marc A., c.m.g. (missing, but probably 

drowned)— April 15 ? 
Russell, Reginald P., c.s.i.-JVov. 2 
Rycroft, Dow. Lady (wid. of 4th Bt. )—/««. 6 

St. Audries, 1st Baron— J'Kne i 

Saltmarsh, John, i.s.o.— Bee. 5, 1916 

Sarat Chandra Das, c.i.n.— Feb. '? 

Savile, Col. Henry B. 0., c.b.— .^((fl'. 17 

Scovell, Lady— -Voy. 26, 1916 

Scratchley, Lady— Ja/i. 5 

Selfe, Lady (wife of Sir Robert)— J"«it. 1 

Seth Kastur Chand Daga, Sir, k.c.i.k.— Jan. 22 ? 

Shahbaz Khan, Nawab, Sir, k.c.i.e.— feft. 

Sharpe, Maj. Wilfred S., c.m.g.— ^p>-(7 20 

Shearer. Col. Johnston. c.w.—Feb. 6 

Shuckburgh, Sir Stewkley P. D., 10th Bt.— A^r«i. 17 

Simpson, Col. Thos. Thomson, c.b.— Dec. 30, 1916 

Skinner, Col. Edmund G., c.b.— A'o«. 18 

Slaughter, Sir Wm. Capel. Kt. Bach.— jlfarc/i 10 

Smith, Lady (wid. of Sir Clementi)— iVoj). 29, 1910 

Smith, Col. Hy. Robt., c.m.g., i.s.o.— Sept. 

Speeding, William C, \.%.o.— April 

Squire, Col. John Edwd., c.'&.—Mav 2 

Stacpole, Col. John, c.v.c— Z)ec. 30, 1910 

Stapley, Lady— iVawA 7 

Stevens, Frederick, \.s,.Q.—Se.pi. 18 

Stevens (Weston-), Sir Jos., Kt. Bach.- J'eft. 7 

Stevenson, Lady (wife of Sir James, '&X,.)—Sept. 30 

Strachan, James, c.i.e.— J^e6. 7 

Strong, John Alex., \.%.o.— March 20 

Sullivan, Agnes Lady (wid. of Adm. Sir Francis, Bt. 

K.c.B.)— Jan. 1 
Synge, Catherine Lady (wid. of 4th Bt.)— ,Se?jf. 30 

Tail-, Sir Melbourne M. T., Kt. Bach.- Fei. 10 
Taylor, Sir Thos. Wardlaw, Kt. Bach.— March 1 
Taylor, Surg. -Gen., Sir Wm., ts-.c^.- April 10 
Teignmouth. 4th Baron— Dee. 8, 1916 
Tennyson, The Lady-Dec. 7, 1916 

Thompson, Lady (wife of Sir Edwd.)— i^e6. 2 
Thompson, Col. Wm. Oliver, D.s.o.-Sept. 9 
Thomson. Gen. Sir Mowbray, k.c.i.e.— f e6. 25 
Thorne, Sir Wm., Kt. Baoh.-3/«rcA 28 
Thornhill, Lady (wife of Lt.-Col. Sir Henry, 

K.C.I. K.)—A'0t\ 5 

Thornton, Rt. Rev. Bishop (Samuel)— iN'oi'. 25 
Tompson, Maj. -Gen. Wm. Dalrymple, c.b.— Dec. 7, 

Tosti, Sir F. Paolo, k.c.v.o.— Dec. 2, 1916 
Townsend, Surg.-Gen. Sir Edmond, k.c.b.— Jan. 2 
Tree, Sir Herbert B., Kt. Bach.— Ji(/j^ 2 
Trelawny (Salusbury-), Sir AVm. L., loth Bt.— 

A'or. 30 
Tremayne, Hon. Mrs. John— Oc^ 30 
Tiison, Gen. Sir Henry B., k. c.b.— Dec. 21, 1916 
Tjlor, Sir Edwd. Burnett, Y.K.s.—Jan. 2 

Vallado. 9th Marq. de—Jime 19 

Vane (Fletcher-), Margaret Lady (wid. of 4th Bt.)— 

Dee. 311, 1916 
Venning, Lad.v— Dee. 18, 1916 
Vittors, Capt. Philip U., m..\.o.— April 2 
Vyvyan, Rev. Sir Vyell D., 9th Bt.— May 27 

Walker, Lt.-Col. Robt. S. Frowd, c.m.g.— May 16 
Walker, Sir Thos. Gordon, k.c.i.e.— iVoi?. 25 
Ward, Sir Wm. Erskine-Dec. 24, 1916 
Warner, Lady (wid. of Sir Jos.)— July 12 
Warrender, Vice-Adm. Sir Geo. J. S., 7th Bt., k.c.b. 

— Jan. 8 
Waterhouse, Chas. Owen, i.s.o.— Feb. 4 
Weatherall, Col. Henry B., c.B.-May 
Webster, Lady (wife of Sir Augustus, Bt.)— June 15 
Weldon, Col. Sir Anthony A., 6th Bt., c.v.o.- 

June 29 
Wentworth, Baroness (14th inline)— /hhc IS 
Western, Lt.-Col. Jas. Halifax, c.m.g.— April 2 
Western, Sir Thos. C. C, 3rd and last Bt.— Fe6. 1 
Wheler, Dowager Lady (wid. of 12th Bt.)—MarchSO 
Whitbread, Lady Isabella C.—Dec. 11, 1916 
White, Lady (wife of Sir Luke)— Dec. 15, 1916 
White, Geo. Gilbert, c.s.i. -Dec. 9, 1916 
Whitehead, Sir James, 1st Bt.-Oct. 20 
Whitney, Sir Benjn., Kt. Bach.— Dec. 21, 1916 
Wicklow, The Countess of— March 12 
Wiggin, Sir Henry A., 2nd Bt.— May 2 
Williams, Rt. Hon. Sir Roland Vavighan-Dec. 7, 

Williams, Lady (wife of Sir Ralph)— /««. 13 
Williams, Lady (wife of Col. Sir Robert W., Bt.)- 

Dec. 26, 1916 
Wilson, Col. Edwd. Hales, c.b.— Aug. 28 
Wilson, Lady (wife of Sir R. Knyvet W., Bt.)— 

June 12 
Winsloe, Col. Richard W.C, c.b.— /«ne 5 
Wood, Sir Edward. Kt. Bach. -Sept. 22 
Wood, Lt.-Col. J. W. Massey, m.v.o.— Dec. 9, 1916 
Wordsworth, William, c.i.E.— jW«rcA 7 
Worthington, Prof. Arthur M., c.b.— Dec. 5, 1916 
Wrey, Sir R. Bourchier S., 11th Bt., Capt. R.N., 

ret.— J«»J. 20 
Wrightson (Battle-). Lady Isabella— Oc^ 20 
Wynn, Hon. Ellen Glyn-March 17 

Yovmg, Rt. Hon. Robert— J^rt)!. 21 

Zouche of Haryngworth, Baroness (10th in line)— 

April 7 




The Kingdom, its Rulers, and Their Titles.— An English Sovereign is now 
Sovereign of the entire United Kingdom, but, as all are aware, this has not always 
been the case: in Scotland the sovereignty was not amalgamated till 1603 and the 
countries with their Parliaments not till 1707, whilst in Ireland the country was hrst 
subdued by Henry the Second and the Parliaments remained distinct up till the close 
of 1800. For three centuries from the Plantagenet times the English Kings were styled 
" Lords of Ireland ; " Henry the Eighth was the tirst to substitute the title of King ; 
but this remained a separate clause in the royal list of honours until the Union of 1801 

King George the Third at his death left seven sons, of whom the hrst and third 
succeeded him as the Fourth George and William. Both of these, however, died 
without leaving issue, as had the second son, the Duke of York, already before them. 
The fourth son, the Duke of Kent, had also passed away (only six days before his 
father), but he left, as his only offspring, the Princess Victoria, who became Queen, 
taking precedence, by the law of succession, of the hfth son. 

The words "Defender of the Faith" were originally bestowed upon King Henry 
the Eighth ty Pope Leo the Tenth, in recognition of his pronouncement against the 
doctrines of Luther; but upon Henry's turning Protestant the Pope withdrew the 
title, upon which the imperious monarch got it renewed by his o^vn Parliament. The 
title of " King of France," which had been borne from the time of the Tiiird i:dward, 
was dropped by George the Third at the Union. Up to the death of William the 
Fourth our Hanoverian Sovereigns were also Kings of Hanover, but the Salic Law 
excluded Queen Victoria from that rule, so the fifth son of George the Third, Ernest, Duke 
of Cumberland, came to occupy that position. He was succeeded by his son as George 
the Fifth, who, in 1866, relinquished his crown at the fiat of Prussia. 

Regalia.— The robes and insignia worn by His Majesty on state occasions are 
those of the Sovereign of the Order of the (barter, but the term " Regalia " is under- 
stood to apply only to the crowns, orb, sceptres, swords, and spurs. Of the ci owns 
more or less familiar to us we note the St. Edward's, tlie Heraldic, Queen Victoria's, 
King Edward's and King George's. The last of these, however, is practically identical 
witli the second, and we shall in the further portions of this Introduction desigriate 
the form of crown worn by our Sovereign by the older term " Heraldic," and we shall 
apply tlie word "Imperial" to that of his early predecessor. The Heraldic or King 
George's Crown (figured at top of title-page) has its surmounting " arches " rising sharply 
from their bases to an elevated summit ; the well-known Imperial or St. Edward s Crown 
has these bulging at first outwards, and then brought back and forming a summit slightly 
depressed at the centre ; whilst in the Victoria Crown they rose almost perpemhcularly 
to the bend, at which they were nearly square. The Heraldic Crown was so styled 
from its adoption upon royal arms, coins, and so forth, but its contour was followed in 
tiie miniature " half-crown " worn on semi-state occasions by Queen Victoria. The 
term "an imperial crown" is often applied vaguely to any regal crown as distinguished 
from a coronet, but in this Introduction we shall use it exclusively of St. Edward s 
Crown, which was so called from a supposed resemblance (though a very reniote one, 
for the original had probably no " arches ") to the one worn by Edward the Confessor, 


and before him by Alfred the Great. It has the minor distinction of having the upptT 
edge of its principal circle entirely level, whilst those of the modern Crowns are wrought 
into festoons ; all three concur in possessing upon this rim four crosses-pattee alter- 
nating with four fleurs-de-lis — the former ornaments denoting the Sovereign's religious 
headship, and the latter being a survival of his French dominion. The crown in 
each case is wholly of gold, but covered over in every part with a blaze of jewels, 
that of our present King being enriched by the addition of the great diamond known 
as the "Star of Africa" in tlie centre of its circle. The four crosses-pattee are 
frequently called Maltese crosses, but we believe incorrectly, their limbs not being 
cleft at the extremities. The arches rise from behind the crosses, and above their 
intersecting point over the crown of the head is a miniatui-e of the "orb" to be 
presently described — both arches and ball being completely overlaid with jewellery. 
The entire crown of Queen Victoria contained nearly 2800 diamonds (brilliant, rose, 
or table), 377 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 5 rubies, including one stated to 
have belonged to the Black Prince. Its weight was 31b. 3|oz. troy, and we read that a 
crown worn in mid-English history scaled up to something ovei- 7lb., whilst even that 
of George the Fourth weighed .silb. Since the Regalia never leaves the United Kingdom, 
a special Crown was made for His Majesty to wear at the Coronation Durbar in India. 
Next among the insignia comes the Orb or Mound (the latter word derived from the 
French monde, so that the idea of a loorld-wide domination is implied equally by either 
name). This is a somewhat ponderous emblem of sovereignty, consisting of a globe 
6 inches in diameter surmounted by a cross, which brings up the entire device to a 
height of II inches. The globular portion is of gold, and is engirt with a band set with 
diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls ; on its summit is a large amethyst, from which 
springs a golden cross bedecked with diamonds, pearls, a sapphire, and an emerald. 
Next in order we note three sceptres— the Sceptre with the Cross, or Royal Sceptre, 
in the top of which is now set the " lesser Star of Africa," borne in the King's right 
hand ; St. Edward's Staff (ending in an orb said to contain wood from the true Cross), 
over 4^ft. in lengtli, carried before the King in the coronation procession ; and the 
Sceptre with the Dove, or the Virge, s^it. in length, placed in the King's left hand : 
these are of gold, set with jewels, and finished by a "mound," from which the dove, 
when there is one, appears to spring. The Queen Consort has also her Sceptre with 
the Cross and two Sceptres with the Dove, one of these being known also as the 
Ivory Rod. The Sword of State claims the next notice : it is girded on to the Sovereign 
at his coronation, and this was done even in the case of Queen Anne, but Victoria, 
who was not then out of her teens, was better satisfied by having it placed in her 
hands. There are three other swords borne before the Sovereign at this ceremony, 
but, like St. Edward's Staff, they are not personal insignia : the Sword of Mercy (called, 
like King Arthur's weapons, by a proper name, "Curtana"), an unpointed weapon; 
the Sword of Justice to the Spirituality, which is pointed, but rather obtusely ; and the 
Sword of Justice to the Temporality, which is sharp-pointed. Finally come the Spurs, 
called the Great Golden Spurs (used at the coronation only), which are without rowels, 
but highly wrought, and are attached to embroidered velvet straps. The Bracelets have 
been wholly d'^-continued. The Ring has been ranked among the Regalia, but it was 
not anxing those figuring at the last two coronations. Other royal insignia or 
accessories of these ceremonies may be thus described : 

The Coronation Chair or King Edward's Chair (distinct from both tlae Recognition Chair and the 
Throne) is a venerable oak structure said to liave been made in the reign of Edward the First, who had 
brought from Scotland the sacred Inaugiu-ation Stone, and had it embedded beneath the seat of this 
chair. This famous stone is of a sandy granular formation, consisting principally of quartz, but with an 
intermixture of felspar, mica, and hornblende, and measuring in inches 26 x i6| x loi ; it is called the 
Stone of Destiny, and possesses a mythical origin. It is traced from Scotland to Ireland, thence to Spain 
(where a king of Scottish race had given it to his son, Simon Brek, whom he sent to Ireland with an army), 
and before even this it was said to have come from Egypt— in fact, it was the identical stone used by 
.Jacob for a pillow ' Another storv represents it to have been hauled up out of the sea, iu the form of an 
already constructed chair, by the sailors of Simon Brek himself. Sir Archibald Geikie has thoroughly 
disproved these fables, for, speaking as a geologist, he pronounces the stone to have been almost 
sertiiinly quarried in the sandstone district between Argyll and the Forth. 

The Ampulla, called also the Golden Eagle, is a golden vessel in the form of that bird, with its wings 
outspread its feet resting upon a stand, the head made to screw off for reception of the oil. some 6oz., 
wliich is poured out through the beak. There is a legend that this Eagle was presented by the Holy 
Vii't'ln to St. Thomas Ji Beoket. who gave it in charge to a monk of Poictiers, who again secreted it— with 
other .similar treasures and a written account of the vision— in a church at that place, whence they came 
into tiie hands of the Black Prince, who deposited them in the Tower. 

The Ano'nting Oil is now pure olive ; formerly it was a marvellous compound designated chrisma or 
oi'oam It is consecrated previous to the ceremony. In an aiccount of Queen Anne's coronation we read 
tjmt the Dean of Westminster followed the Archbishop and wiped off the oil with " fine linen or flue 
Lombart wool." 

The Sovereign. 

■The Anointing Spoon IS of pure gold with four pearls in tlie broadest part of the handle and finely 
■chased in the bowl. Its extreme thinness makes it appear to be very ancient. Its length is about lo ins., 
the bowl 2* ins. 

The Colobium Sindonis is a sleeveless garment of fine white linen, woni by King's only This is the 
fiistof theganneuta tobeput on after the anomting, and it corresponds to the alb of a priest The 
Supertunica, which follows, has short and very wide sleeves, and is made of rich ulotliof g'jid with purple 
embroidered tissue. A "girdle" used in the coronation ceremony is also called the Stole, ArmiL or 
AnniHa. Lastly the Dalmatic Robe is added (called also the Imperial Mantle or Pallium), which hangs 
loosely over the shoulders ; it is embroidered with golden eagles, roses, shamrocks, and thistles 

The liuby Ring, which has been styled by some " the wedding ring of England," is of pure gold, with at 
the back a large violet ruby marked with a cross of St. George and encircled with 20 diamonds • it is joint ed 
hkea bracelet to adapt it for different sizes. There is a legend attached to tliis ornament also. King 
J«,dward the Confessor is related to have been once asked alms of by a certain " fayre old man," lo whom, 
haying nothing else at hand to bestow, he gave this ring. Soon after this two English pilgrims happened 
to lose their way lu the Holy Land, where " there came to them a fayre ancient man, wyth whyte heer for 
age. XIavuig learnt their mishap and who they were, he " comforted theym goodly, and brought 

theym in the ryghte waye agayne . . . And whan he shold depart fro theym, thennehe tolde theym what 
he was. and sayd, 'I am Jolian the Evangelyst, and saye ye vnto Edward your kyng, that I grete him well 
by the token that he gaH to me thys rynge with his own handes, whych rynge ye shalle dely ver to hym 
agayne ; and whan he had delyvered to theym the rynge, he departed fro theym &od,&n\y."—Goldene 
Legende, p. 1S7. 

The King's Champion formerly figured at coronations, riding fully armed into Westminster Hall and 
challenging any gamsayer to single combat. The office is stated by Sir W. Dngdale to have been 
founded by William the Conqueror, who bestowed it upon Baron de Mannion, in whose family it re- 
mained till, by the e.^^tinction of the direct line, it passed to that of Sir John Uymoke, by one of whose 
descendants, Frank S. Dymoke, Esq., it was held up till the Coronation of King Edward VII when 
the decision of tne Court, of Claims against the application must be regarded as the e-xtmction of the 
office itself. 

Accession of a New Soveeeign.— From the time of Henry the Eighth it has been 
a recognised coiistitutional principle that immediately upon the death of a monarch his 
heir becomes his already con.stituted successor. We may now follow up tlio 
of occurrences upon the decease of his late Majesty. This event, which took place at a 
quarter-to-twelve on the night of Friday, tlie 6th of May, 1910, was personally witnessed by 
his present successor, as well as others of his family. A meeting of the Privy Council was 
summoned on the following morning at St. James's Palace, at which orders were given 
for the proclamation of the new King. Those present were then re-sworn as members 
of the newly-constituted Council. Several pubhc announcements followed in the course 
of that day, the hrst signed by the male members of the Royal Family, the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, the Privy Councillors in attendance, and the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, 
and other ofHcials of the City of London— making known the event of his late Majesty's, and pronouncing the succession to have come to " the High and Mighty Prince 
George Frederick Ernest Albert," whom they accordingly proclaimed as "our only 
lawful and rightful liege lord George the Fifth, by the grace of God King of the United 
Kmgdom of Great Britam and Ireland, and of the British Dominions bevond the Seas, 
"Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India " (this being a shortened form). The next entry 
in the London Gazette gives the words of tlie King's first speech to the Privy Council. 
Then follows a notice of his having taken the oath relating to the security of the 
Church of Scotland ; and to this was prefixed a list of the members of the Council (over 
a hundred) who were present on the occasion. The of Parliament met in the 
afternoon of the same day for the purpose of taking the oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
(up to the Reform Act of 1867 the House was subject to di.ssolntion on a change of Sove- 
reign, but this is so no longer ; on the contrary, the existing Parliament must meet at 
once, and even in the event of its having been dissolved it is temporarily i-esuscitated, 
and permitted to last for so long as six months if its successor has not before that beeii 
elected). The formal public proclamation of the new monarch took place on the 
morning of Monday, the 9th of May, at nine o'clock, when "the Officers of Arms 
habited in their tabards assembled at St. James's Palace and, attended by the ser- 
geants-at-arms, proceeded to the balcony in Friary Court, where, after the trumpets 
had sounded a fanfare, the proclamation was read by Garter Principal King of Arms, 
m the presence of the Earl Marshal, several of His Majesty's Ministers," and many 
other^ officials, in addition to various personages of distinction. A state procession 
of officials, with trumpeters, herald.s, and an escort of Life Guards, was tlien formed, 
and started for the City, reiterating tlie reading of tiie announcement at Charing 
Cross. At Temple Bar, where the Lord Mayor in his state carriage was awaiting 
them, the High Bailiff of Westminster, who had thus far headed the procession, 
filed off! and returned. A barrier had been erected on the site of the famous but now- 
removed archway, and on arriving there Blue Mantle, Pursuivant of Arms, dis- 
mounted and advanced between two trumpeters, preceded by two Life Guards'; the 
trumpeters sounded thrice, and demand was made for adm-ssion into the City to 
proclaim the accession to the throne of King George the IJ.fth. Being admitted 


and the barrier again closed, Blue Mantle was conducted by the City Marshal to the 
Lord Mayor, to whom he delivered the Order in Council, and who thereupon 
ordered the barrier to be opene<l and the procession allowed to pass. At the close- 
adjoining corner of Chancery Lane the proclamation was re-read by Norroy King of 
Arms. Then the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, Recorder, Sheriffs and other City officers 
fell into line with the pageant, which now moved on to the Royal Exchange, where 
the final reading was given by Somerset Herald, the guns in St. James's Park and 
the Tower being by signal simultaneously fired. 

Coronation. — This solemn and elaborate ceremony is the formal public ratification 
of an event which, as was above stated, is already of binding force. The date of its 
occurrence is thus unfixed, having in its last incidence taken place on the 22nd June, 
1911, some thirteen months after the accession, in the case of Queen Anne, on the 
contrary, the interval had been for less than eight weeks. Before the coronation 
of His Majesty Westminster Abbey was for a considerable period closed to the 
pixblic during the construction of an annexe for a vestibule outside the entrance 
door, and for the process of a gorgeous decoration within. The carpets and hangings 
were of dark blue and silver-grey, and the chairs and boxes were equally handsome. 
Entrance was made by the annexe and the western door and thus along the Nave ; and 
near the centre of the edifice, where the Transepts divide that portion from the Choir, 
a raised square platform termed the Theatre was erected. In the front of this, facing 
up the Choir and towards the Altai\ were placed the two Thrones, that of the King 
elevated by five steps and that of the Queen by three. Near by the Altar, where 
they were placed sideways on the South side of the area, stood the Recognition Chairs. 
Before the two Thrones was the Reading Desk, and then the Coronation or King 
Edward's Chair, in front of which and near to the Altar was the Faldstool at which 
the Queen was to be crowned : this was consequently in the centre line, the Recog- 
nition Chairs were on the South side, and the Prelates on the North, whilst on 
each side of the Altar was a door opening into King Edward's Chapel where stands 
St. Edward's Altar. The South Transept was assigned to Peers, with the Princes of 
the Blood Royal in chairs before them, and the North Transept to Peeresses, similarly 
preceded by the Princesses : all in their robes, but with their coronets thus far borne in 
their hands— by pages, however, in the case of those Peers who had to take part in the 
ceremonies. Nearly all round the Abbey there were raised galleries for the accommo- 
dation of spectators, some five thousand in all ; the Members of the House of Commons 
in galleries which stood high above the Peers in the South Transept. Visitors had to 
appear either in full court dress or in uniform. Members of Parliament, however, 
having the further option of morning dress ; ladies were restricted to court dress 
without trains. 

There were three distinct processions to the Abbey (as there were upon entering it), 
those respectively of the Royal Representatives and guests, the Royal Family, and 
the King and Queen. Of these the first was made up of fourteen dress carriages, 
preceded and followed, as were the other two, by escorts of the Royal Horse Guards : 
trumpeters heralded the first only. Field-Marshal Viscount Kitchener of Khartoum 
had the marshalling of the troops. The procession of the Royal Family contained 
five carriages. In the King's own procession there were first four dress carriages, 
then a long train of Officers on horseback including Orderly Officers, Aides-de-Camp, 
General and Staff Officers, Marshalmen, Yeomen of the Guard, Equerries Extra and in 
Ordinary, with Escorts of Colonial and Indian Cavalry besides the Horse Guards; 
then the gilded state coach conveying their Majesties, attended by the Duke of 
Connaught and other Princes on horseback, and high officials followed by Equerries 
and Grooms in the rear, a further Escort of Horse Guards closing up the whole. 
The Great Officers of State and other participators in the ceremonies arrived at an 
early hour in time for preparations, and the Regalia were allotted in the Vestibule as 
follows : 

The Queen's R'tgalia. 

The Ivory Rod with a Dove, to tlie Earl of Durham. 

The Sceptre with the Cross, to the Marquess of Waterford. 

Her Majesty's Crown, to the Duke of Devonshire. 

The King's Regalia. 
St Kdwards Staff, to the Dtike of Roxburglie. 
The Spurs to the Earl of Loudoun and Lord Grey de Ruthyn. 
The Sceptre with the Cross, to the luke of Argyll. 

The Sovereign. 5 

Tlie Pointed Sword of Temporal Justice or Third S.vord, to Field- MarsUal Viscount (aftds. Earl) 

Ivitcheiier of Khartoum. 
The Pointed Sword of Spiritual Justice or Second Sword, to Field- .Marshal Earl Roberts 
Ciirtana, or Sword of llorcy, to the Duke of Beaufort. 
The Sword of State, to Karl l^eaiujhamp. 

The Sceptre with the Dove, to the Duke of aiohmond and Gordon 
The Orb, to the Duke of Somerset. 

St. £dM-ard's Crown, to the Uuke of Northumberland, as Lord High Steward. 
The Patina, to the Bishop of London. 
The Chalice, to the Bishop of Winchester. 
The Bible, to the Jiishop of Ripon. 

The Royal personages of the two preliminarj^ processions having taken their seats, 
that of His Majesty now entered the Abbey. First came the Chaplains in Ordinary, 
the Prebendaries of the Abbey (in dark crimson copes), and the Dean. Tlien the 
Heraldic and Knightly group— the Pursuivants in medieval array, and the Officer.s of 
the Orders in mantles of purple or blue velvet ; Heralds in cloth of gold, the standards 
of the Dominions, the blue and gold standard of Ireland, the orange and red one I 
of Scotland, the red banner of England, and the flag of the Union (borne by the 
Duke of Wellington). Next came tlie Keeper of the Crown Jewels, the four Knights 
of the Garter appointed to hold the golden canopy at the Anointing (Lords Cadogan 
(the late), Rosebery, Mijito, and Crewe), in mantles of dark and white. Then the Lord 
Chamberlain and tlie Lord Steward of the Household, the Lord President of the Council, 
Chancellor of Ireland, the Prime Mini.-jter, the Archbishop of York, the Lord Chan 
cellor (England), and the Archbishop of Canterbury. Four Pursuivants came next, 
ushering m the Queen's Regalia. Her Majesty, who was attired in purple and wearing 
a golden circlet on her head, walked up to and stood by her seat in the chair by the 
side of the King's Recognition Chair, with two Bishops and five Gentlemen-ac-Arms (in 
scarlet tunics and with white plumes), standing on each side of her, her train borne by 
the Mistress of the Robes, supported and followed by Gentlemen of the Suite and 
her Ladies of the Bedchamber, Women of the same, and Maids of Honour. The 
King's own attendants came next, introduced by Richmond, Windsor, and York 
Heralds, mth the bearers of the Regalia. Tlien the Kings of Arms in gold and 
emblazoned tabards; the Lord Mayor, accompanied by the City Mace; and Black 
Rod; Earl Carnngton (now Manjuess of Lincolnshire)", the Lord Great Chamberlain ; 
the late Duke of Abercorn and the Earl of Erroll as High Constables of Ireland and 
bcotland ; the Earls of CVawfcjrd and Shrew.sbury as Scotti.-h and Irish High Stewards ; 
tlie Earl Marshal ; Earl Beauchamp bearing the sword of State ; the Lord Hic^h 
Constable ; and the Duke of Northumberland, as Lord High Steward, bearing upon 
Its cushion St Edward's Crown, whilst the Duke of Somerset on his right carried the 
Orb, and the Duke of Richmond on his left the Sceptre with the Dove. These were 
followed by the Ecclesiastical group, conveying the Bible, Chalice, and Patina. The 
boys of Westminster School enjoy the special privilege of witnessing coronations and 
shouting Vivat ' as King or Queen enters. 

Tie Queen, who had been standing by her chair, took her seat on the King's arrival 
to take the one by her side. He was attired at this stage in his crimson Royal 
Imperial Mantle, with his Cap of Maintenance of the same hue and his Collar of the 
Gaiter. The Nobles who were bearers of his train were in red and white, whilst the 
Bishops of Durham and Bath and Wells with ten Gentlemen-at-Arms were on each 
side of him ; the other three Bishops, bearers of the Bible, Chalice, and Patina (plate 
for the bread), stood near the Pulpit, the Nobles with the Four Swords on his 
right, and the Lord Chamberlain of the Household and the Groom of the Robes behind 
him. On their entrance the Anthem "I was glad when they said unto me " was sung 
and at its conclusion the Archbishop (Dr. Davidson), attended by the Lord High Chan- 
cellor, the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Lord High Constable, and the Earl Marshal 
proceeded to make the Recognition. The form of words was this: "Sirs I here 
present unto you King George, the undoubted King of this realm ; wherefore, all 
you who aije come this day to do your homage and service, are you willing to do the 
tf" ^-r I, "people " then reply with repeated acclamations, " God save King George 

the h if th ! " and the trumpets sound. This form was gone through four times over, 
addressed to each pomt of the compass. The King, wlio had been standing, now resumed 
his .seat, whereupon the Archbishop proceeded to the Altar and the Litany was sung 
by the Bishops of Bath and Wells and of Oxford. The Archbishop then read the 
Prayers of the opening portion of the Communion Service, Sir Frederick Brid^-e'a 
adaptation of Purcell's "Introit" was here brought in, and then the Bishop of Win- 
chester read the Epistle and the Bishop of London the Gospel. Next followed the 


Sermon, preached by the Archbishop of York, from the text " I am among you as he 
that serveth." 

The Coronation Oath was now taken, the King having, on the 6th of February, 
191 1, made and signed the Declaration against Popery in the presence of both 
Houses of Parliament. The following questions were first administered by the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury : 

Archb. : Will yon solemnly promise and swear to g-overn the people of this United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, and tlie Dominions thereto belonging, according to the statutes in Parliament 
agreed on, and the respective laws and customs of the same ? 

King: I solemnly promise so to do. 

Archb. : Will vou to your power cause law and iustice, in mercy, to be executed in all your judgments? ! 

KiKG : I will. 

Archb. : Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the laws of God, the true profession of the 
Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law ? And will you maintain aud preserve 
inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, worship, disoii)line, and govern- 
ment thereof, as by law established in England ? And will you preserve unto the bishops and clergy of 
England, and to the Church therein committed to their charge, all such rights and privileges as by law 
do or shall appertain to them, or any of them ? 

King : All this I promise to do. 

Following upon these words His Majesty proceeded to the Altar attended by his 
Supporters and the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Sword of State alone being borne 
before him. At the Altar steps he removed his "Cap of State, and, kueehng, pro- 
nounced the words, "The things which I have herebefore promised I will perform and 
keep — so help me God." He then ki.ssed the book and set his sign manual to a tran- 
script of the Oath. The King now returned to his Chair, and while their Majesties 
knelt, the Hymn was sung by the Choir, the Archbishop reading the first line : " Veni 
Creator Spiritus." 

The ceremony of Anointing follows, the Archbishop first reading;, the Prayer cora- 
menciug, "O Lord, Holy Father, who by c^nointing with oil," &c., arid then the Choir 
singing the Anthem "Zadok the Priest." The King was then divested, by the Lord 
Great Chamberlain, of his crimson Robe, took off his Cap, and removed to the 
Coronation Chair, where he was surrounded by the four Knights of the Garter, who 
held the pall of cloth of gold o\er him so as to conceal him from the view of the 
spectators; whereupon the Dean of Westminster poured some of the consecrated oil 
from the Ampulla into the Anointing Spoon and handed it to the Archbishop, who 
then anointed the King, in the form of a cross, ujion the head, the breast, and^the 
palms of both hands, the Blessing after Anointing following, during which the King 
knelt at his faldstool, and then returned to the Chair, when the Dean invested him 
in the Colobium Sindonis and the Supertunica of cloth of gold. The Great Spurs were 
now brought from the Altar, when the Lord Great Chamberlain knelt before the King 
and touched his heels with them. The Sword of State was next delivered to the Lord 
Chamberlain of the Household, and by him to the Keeper of the Crown Jewels, who 
in its place gave to the Peer who had borne it another sword, in a scabbard of purple 
velvet, which sword the Peer pas.sed to the Archbishop, who, after another prayer, 
placed it in the King's right hand. The Lord Great Chamberlain then girded it round 
him, and the King himself ungirded it, when it was placed upon the Altar and then 
redeemed for a hundred shillings by the Peer, who now drew it from the scabbard 
(which he passed to the Groom of the Robes) and carried it naked for the remainder of 
the ceremonies. The King was now invested by the Dean in the Armilla or Stole and 
the Imperial Mantle or Dalmatic Robe, handed to him by the Master of the Robes. 
The Orb was placed temporarily in the King's right hand, the Ruby Ring upon the 
fourth finger of the same, and a glove handed to him by the Lord of the Manor of 
Worksop (the Duke of Newcastle, who a fe-w years back had purchased that estate 
I from the Duke of Norfolk), an Exhortation or Prayer accompanying every stage. _ 

Now succeeds the Coronation itself. The Sceptre with the Cross is placed in the 
King's right hand and that with the Dove in his left ; and then the Archbishop stands 
before the Altar with St. Edward's Crown upon it, takes it up and consecrates it, lays 
it down again, and, attended by other Prelates, proceeds to the side of the King, when 
the Dean brings to him tiie Crown, which he now places upon the King's head, 
whereupon the "people" shout "God save the King," and the Peers put on their 
coronets, the Bisliops their caps, and the Kings of Arms their crowns, the trumpets j 
sound, the drums are beaten, and the guns of the Tower and the Park are, on signal, I 
fired off. An exhortation is now spolcen, and the Choir sing " Be strong and play the j 
Man." The Bihle is next handed to the King, and then the Archbishop jjronounces the 
Benedictions, which the Bishops and Peers accompany with frequent " Amens." The 

Relatives of the Sovereign. 

process of Enthronisation succeeds, when the King is lifted into his Throne by the 
Prelates and Peers around him. 

Lastly comes the Homage, which is pronounced kneeling by a leading representative 
of each of the various ranks in succession — by the Archbishop for the Lords Spiritual, 
by the Prince of Wales for the Royal Family, and by the senior Peer of each degree- 
each touching the Crown and kissing the King on his left cheek. The w6i-ds as 
uttered by the Peers were in this form : " I, Henry, Duke of Norfolk, do become your 
liege man of life and limb and earthly worsliip ; and faith and truth I will bear unto 
you to live and die against all manner of folk — so help me God." For the Princes the 
form is the same, but for the Prelates there was substituted for the latter clause, " And 
I will do, and truly acknowledge, the service of lands which I claim to hold of you as 
in right of the Church." 

The crowning of the Queen had now to follow. When the Homage and Anthem 
»were completed. Her Majesty, who had been sitting in the State Chair by the side of 
the Recognition Chair, now removed to the Altar, where the Archbishop of t/anterbury 
repeated the Prayer of Consecration. She then knelt at her Faldstool, where four 
Duchesses (Portland, Sutherland, Hamilton, and Montrose) held over her a pall of cloth 
of gold, whilst the Archbishop anointed her head, put the Queen's Ring on the fourth 
finger of her right hand, and then the Crown upon her head. The Princesses and Peeresses 
hereupon put on their coronets, and the Archbishop put the Sceptre with the Cross in 
her right hand and the Ivory Rod in her left, upon which she rose and was conducted 
to her own Throne, bowing reverently to the King as she passed him. They both 
now made the customary Offerings or Oblations of a pall of cloth of gold, the King 
accompanying his with an ingot of gold of a pound weight and the Queen hers with 
one of a "mark weight." The remaining and principal portion of the Communion 
Service then followed, the two Archbishops and the Dean of Westminster first com- 
municating, and then the Archbishop of Canterbury administered the bread and the 
Dean the wine. After this the Choir sang "Glory be to God," and the Archbishop 
pronounced the Blessing. 

Their Majesties then passed into King Edward's Chapel, the King by the South 
door and the Queen by the North. Here the King was disrobed, by the Lord Great 
Chamberlain, of his Royal Imperial Mantle and invested with his Royal Robe of Purple 
Velvet, together with his Ci'own of State (his own Crown, not that of St. Edward). 
They then returned through the West door of the Abbey wearing their Crowns and 
bearing their 'Sceptres : the Four Swords were borne before them, and the Princes and 
Princesses followed wearing their coronets. The three processions, in reverse order, now 
made their return journey, taking the route of Parliament Street, Whitehall, Cockspur 
Street, Pall Mall, St. James's Street, Piccadilly, and Constitution Hill. 


The Qceen-Consort.— When, as now, a married King occupies the throne, his consort 
holds a specially privileged position, having her own officers distinct from those^ of 
the King and being in a legal point a single rather than a married woman. She 
has her personal revenue from reserved portions of the rents due to the Crown, as well 
as from a variety of perquisites. She is crowned on the same occasion with the King 
himself, or by special ceremony after her marriage if this takes place after his coronation ; 
but in either case the act proceeds as performed at his injunction and not by the will of 
the people. The Queen-Consort's CrowTi, much like that of St. Edward, and known as 
"the Ancient Queen's Crown," is one of the Regalia to be seen at the Tower. 

The Queen Mother.— This royal lady, so styled when the occupant of the Throne 
is her son or daughter, as at the present time, otherwise the " Queen - Dowagei"," 
remains in most respects in the same position as when she was Qxieen-Consort, but it i 
is no longer high treason, as it then was, to conspire her death. No man can marry 
her without permission from the reigning Sovereign, but she does not forfeit her royalty \ 
by marriage with a subject. i 

The Consort of a Reigning Queen. — The Constitution has never attached any I 
.special privileges to this personage, conformably with the maxim that a woman (;an 


receive honour from her husband but cannot confer it upon him. We have had only 
three examples in our history. Philip of Spain, though designated King-Consort, and 
though the statutes were enacted under the joint names of "Philip and Mary," was 
most rigidly excluded from anything more than a nominal dignity, and in disgust thereat 
quitted England after a year. The late husband of Queen Victoria, again, after having 
for years been kno^\^l simply as "Prince Albert," received the title of "Prince Consort" 
by individual creation, as he had previously received that of "Royal Highness?." 
Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen Anne, constitutes the remaining example. 

The Heir to the Throne.— This Royal personage is styled " the Heir 
Apparent" if a son or grandson of the Sovereign, but if any other relative, "the Heir 
Presumptive " (even if a daughter, as it is " presumed " that there may be born a son to 
displace her). In either case such personage, though still only a subject, is next in the 
realm to the Sovereign, at whose right hand he sits in assemblies of state, while to 
conspire his death or that of his consort is high treason. For the personal order of 
succession as it stands at present, see the paragraph so headed. 

The Prince of Wales.— The Heir Apparent to the Throne, if the eldest (or eldest 
surviving) s<m of the Sovereign, bears regularly this title, but by individual investment 
and not by birth. He is by right Duke of Cornwall in the Peerage of England ; Duke 
of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and j 
Great Steward or Seneschal of Scotland, also Knight of the Garter ; whilst at the | 
Sovereign's pleasure he is created by patent Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, 
the patent testifying that he is confirmed in the same by the "ensigns of honour, the 
gir.ding im of a sword, the delivering of a cap and placing it on his head, with a ring 
on his finger and a golden staff in his hand, according to custom," all at the hands of 
his royal parents. The Prince is a born member of the House of Lords, and minority ' 
in his case does not count, though, by the late King, his seat as Prince was not taken j 
until full age was attained. In the event of the decease of the Heir Apparent a ' 
son of his or a brother in the absence of sons would naturally succeed to his titles, 
but that of Duke of Cornwall cannot be borne by the son of a Prince of Wales who 
has died whilst such : thus George the Third never held the title. But a brother 
can succeed thereto, being the eldest surviving son of a King, as was ultimately 
decided in the cases of Henry the Eighth and Charles the First, and so in the case 
of His present Majesty, though no possible son of the late Duke of Clarence could 
have held it. The title, however, has been dormant more than once, and Richard 
the Second received it by a new creation. On tlie other hand. Sir H. Nicolas notes 
six Royal Princes born Dukes of Cornwall who were never created Prince of Wales, 
namely. Kings Henry and Edward the Sixth, two sons (besides this latter) of Henry 
the Eighth (who died at birth or m infancy), an infant son of Charles the First, and 
the " Old Pretender," to whom, however, some do assign the title. This title of Prince 
of Wales was originally borne by those native rulers of that territory who governed 
it as suzerains of the English Crown ; and the commonly received though not 
wholly undisputed story of the transfer of this title to the heirs of the latter is that 
Edward the First, when expecting the birth of his second son, promised the Welsh to give 
them a Prince "free from any blemish upon his honour and unable to speak a word of 
English ; " and that he then sent at once for Queen Eleanor, whose child was duly born at 
Carnarvon Castle. The title thus practically dates from the year 1284, and was at 
first, as we have just seen, wholly unconnected with heirship to the throne of England, 
though in itself intended to be hereditary, the King's lands in Wales having in 1301 
been formally settled upon the then Prince and his heirs ; but upon that Prince 
ultimately succeeding to the throne as Edward the Second (his elder brother Alphonso 
having died) the title became merged in the Crown, and from that day it has in every 
in.stance been made a distinction of personal investiture. The above series of Scottish 
titles were conferred in 1469 upon the eldest son of the King of Scotland, and thus they 
naturally jiassed with James the First to the Royal House of Great Britain : in fact 
there was prefixed to them, on the union of the two Crowns, the still loftier title, 
" Prince of Great Britain and Ireland," though this has never succeeded in supplanting 
the older one. It must be observed that "Carrick" is one of the Scottish titles, 
though Irish in sound, and even the title "Earl of Dublin," now merged in the 
Crown, was when PKtant a peerage of the United Kingdom and not of Ireland; in 
fact, the Duke of Cumberland is tlie only member of the Royal Family who has an 
Irish peerage. 

Royal Family — The Peerage and its Degrees. 

The insignia of the Prince of Wales comprise in the first place the special feature known 
as the Prince of Wales's Feathers, consisting of three osti'ich plumes, formerly figured 
as drooping, though in 1878 this form was abandoned for the older one in which the 
feathers are erect except just at the ends. At the base of these is an antique coronet, 
pendent from which is a scroll with the motto "Ich dien" (old German for " I serve") 
— both feathers and motto having been taken by the Black Prince from the head of the 
King of Bohemia, who was slain in the Battle of Crecy. In 1901 there was added the 
badge of a red dragon, designed to represent the Principality of Wales. The Prince of 
Wales has also his distinctive coronet, which resembles St. Edward's Crown except 
that it possesses but a single arch (surmounted however with the orb) and is of gold 
without jewellery. His Parliamentary mantle is adorned with five bars of ermine, 
each bar having a gold lace above it ; that worn at a coronation is doubled below the 
elbow with ermine, spotted diamond-wise. All these insignia, however, appertain to the 
heir to the throne, whether bearing the title of Prince of Wales or not. 

The Pkincess Roval. — This title, which is conferred only on the eldest daughter 
of a Sovereign, was bestowed on the Princess Louise, Dowager Duchess of Fife, by 
Royal Warrant in 1905. 

Remainder of the Royal Family.— Daughters other than the Princess Royal enjoy 
no special precedence, but simply that of near relationship to the Sovereign ; neither do 
younger sons until a dukedom is conferred upon them, when they enter the House of 
Lords as next in rank after the Prince of Wales. Their seats in that House are to the 
left of the Throne ; but when, upon the death of tlio Sovereign, they are converted from 
sons into brothers, they are transferred to the first places in the ordinary ducal bench. 
This latter position is also occupied by first cousins of a reigning sovereign ; but beyond 
that grade they lose all distinctive precedence and take rank among the other Dukes 
according to the dates of their patents alone : this is up to the present time the case with 
the 3rd Duke of Cumberland (whose title of "Royal Highness" is due to his father 
having been King of Hanover, for — as stated in the next sentence — that father, being 
a King's grandson and not son, was the last who would have borne it in virtue of descent 
from King George the Third). All sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, paternal 
uiicles and aunts of the Sovereign are of the " Blood Royal " and are designated "Royal 
Highness,"and the latter term is bestowed also ujxm grandsons and granddaughters if they 
are the offspring of sovs, and yet further (by decree of May 31, 1898) upon great-grand- 
children if they are children of an eldest son of "any Prince of Wales ; " but nephews, 
nieces, and cousins are Princes and Princesses of "the Blood," and, in common with 
grandchildren the offspring of daughters, are addressed as ' ' Highness " only, though the 
husbands of those daughters often receive by warrant the title of "Royal Highness" 
for themselves ; moreover, the title of " Royal Highness " once acquired is not forfeited 
by a change of Sovereign notwithstanding the fathers being changed from grand- 
sons to nephews. The coronets of Princes of the Blood Royal differ from that of the 
Prince of Wales in the absence of the surmounting arch with its orb, the place of this 
latter being supplied, as with coronets generally, by a golden tassel to the cap. 'J'hose 
of Princesses of the Blood Royal vary again from these in the presence of two strawberry- 
leaves in place of two of the four crosses-pattee, whilst Princes and Princesses of " the 
Blood " have strawberry-leaves in place of all four of the fleurs-de-lis. 


General Remarks.— The i-ules which govern the arrangements of the Peerage are 
marked by so many complicati(ms that even an expert may occasionally be perplexed. 
All Peere of England are Peers of Parliament, and have been such from the creation of 
their titles, except in those instances in which Parliament itself is the more modern. In 
Scotland and Ireland there are Peeiages of equally long standing, and upon the succes- 
sive Uniiins of these two Kingdoms a certain number of the Peers of each were granted 
Imperial titles and sumn.oned to the J-louse of Lords, the new titles being sometimes 
totally different from the old, sometimes identical, and sometimes oidy variations in 
rank — as " Baron A." in jilace of " Earl of A.," or Earl instead of Marquess, or vice versa 
— the old titles subsisting by the side of the new, and remaining, when of superior rank 
(which they most frequently are, but with immerous exceptions), the respective Peers' 


ordinary, though not official, designations. The use of the term "Imperial" is convenient 
as covering three variations entailed by the Acts of Union as above : All Peers of Parlia- 
ment up to June 20, 1707, are classed as " Peers of England" and rank in precedency 
before all others of like degrees ; from that date down to the close of 1800 all fresh 
creations either in England or Scotland wave, called "Peers of Great Britain;" and 
creations from the ist of January, 1801, onwards, either in Great Britain or Ireland, 
are known as "Peers of the United Kingdom," save only that the Sovereign retains 
the power (provided by the Articles of Union) of creating one new Peer of Ireland for 
every three Irish Peerages of older date than the Union which had become extinct— a 
function which had been dropped by her late Majesty (the latest Irish creation up 
till 1898 having been that of Baron Rathdonnell at the close of 1868), but which was 
revived ijti the case of Earl Cui'zon of Kedleston, who was first created a Baron 
in the Irish Peerage, to allow of his intended return to the House of Commons 
instead of entering the Lords (see below). One apparent exception to the exclusion 
of non-Imperial Peers from the House is exhibited in the case of the Elected Repre- 
sentative Peers of Scotland and Ireland, who take their seats by their native titles, 
but do not hold them as hereditary members — those of Ireland as Life Peers, and 
those of Scotland for only a single Parliament unless re-elected (see further under 
" Peers Elected " ). No Imperial Peer can be elected a member of the House 
of Commons, neither can a Scottisli Peer ; but an Irish Peer who has no Imperial 
title can be so elected anywhere out of Ireland itself (such election, however, would 
involve his being summoned to any royal function as a M. P. and not a Peer). Viscount 
Palmerston, so long member foi Tiverton, was an eminent example, whilst more recent 
ones have been afforded by Lords Fermoy, Kensington, Muncaster, Dunsany, and the 
Earl of C5.van, and we have one at present in Earl Winterton. 

The titles of Peers very commonly have a local connection, but below the rank of 
Dukes we find more or less numerous examples in which the personal surname gives the 
title. With the local titles, broadly speaking, the connecting preposition "of" is 
inserted (except in the conventional titles of Viscounts and Barons, where it is never 
used, though common enough in the formal language of their patents) ; whilst Mar- 
quesses and Earls who are designated by their surnames are as a rule without this word. 
Biit to this rule there are exceptions, for we have the " of " inserted, in spite of identity 
with the family nanie (itself sometimes that of a place also), in the titles Ashburnham, 
Cholmoiideley, Coventry, Craven, Graham (Marquess, not Earl), Lytton, and Onslow, 
whilst it is omitted, though the surname differs, in those of Beauchamp, Brooke, 
Brovirnlow, Camden, Castlestewart, Cawdor, Cowley, Ferrers, Manvers, Sondes, 
Strange, Temple of Stowe, and Winterton. Again, a local title does not always give 
the place of the Peer's principal residence, as to which see the final paragraph under 
" Devonshire," and in particular there appears to have been a special fancy in the Irish 
Peerage for selecting a title apparently English or Scottish, though in reality that of 
some obscure or imaginary place in Ireland— as Caledon, Conway, Ely, Kensington, 
Sheffield, and Teignmouth, all of which titles are (or were originally) of Irish creation. 
The following is a revised list of all the titles in use of Marquesses and Earls which 
omit the " of " in modern practice : 
Marquessks. Bathurst Gathcart Fitz William Jermyn Sondes 

raiTiilpn Beaiiobamp Cawdor Fortescue Kitchener Spencer 

rmiviKrham Brassey Compton Gower Loreburn Stanhope 

r.°"v"^ Brooke Cowley Graham Manvers Strange 

Browulow Cm-zon of Kedle- Granville Nelson Talbot 

Bi-uce ston Grey Percy Temple of S. 

Cadogan De Grey Grosvenor Poulett Vane 

Cairns L>e La Warr Howe Uussell Waldegrave 

Carrington Ferrers Innes St. Aldwyn Winterton 

auuesiey Castlestewart 

_ Descent or succession of nobility commonly follows general rules, but there are varia- 
tions, for whilst in most cases it is limited to heirs male, in those older Baronies 
which were conferred by writ of summons instead of patent, and in Scotland in 
the cases of some higher peerages, it is open also to females (in Ireland there is no 
female descent except in tlie two cases of Massereene and La Poer). When this latter 
succession prevails, it has the peculiar feature (but not in Scotland) of ignoring 
primogeniture and regarding all the daughters as co-heirs, not one of wliom can actually 
obtain the title until she becomes the sole survivor, or else until the Sovereign relieves the 
dilemma by selecting one of the ladies as immediate recipient. This delay is what is 
known as a title "falling into abeyance" for which subject see below in the third 
paragraph under "Barons." A somewhat similar exercise of the prerogative to that 


The Peerage and its Degn 

by which an abeyance is terminated is the one noticed under the second paragraph of 
"House of Lords," of sunimonijig to that assembly the eldest son of a Peer during his 
father's lifetime. At a Peer's death his eldest son will succeed as a matter of course ; 
but a more remote relative will be required to prove his claim, and this may involve a 
delay, sometimes of nine months. The stiocession to different titles is likely to perplex the 
novice, who finds himself continually confronted with such statements as "The Earldom 
lapsed but the Barony passed to his relative So-and-so." #There may be " limitations of 
remainder" as they are called (though "extensions of remainder" would often seem 
more correct) according to which a certain title is open to " heirs general," or the nearest 
relative whatever (female included, unless the term is "heirs male general"); or a 
" special remainder " may open a succession to any relative who may be named. But 
the ordinary law is that a title can only pass to a direct descendant of some former 
bearer of the same. The direct heir comes first in claim ; if he, the eldest son, is deceased 
but leaves sons of his own, the eldest of these sons comes next ; even he has occasionally 
a S(m to take the third heirship ; but if there are none out of all these then the Peer's 
next surviving son is turned to, and then his sons and so on. But if there is neither son, 
grandson, nor great-grandson, then the eldest brother of the Peer is looked to for the 
succession ; then his son or grandson, then his next brother, and so on as through the 
former series. If the entire series fails to provide an heir, then the law of inheritance goes 
back the next step and seeks for paternal uncles and their sons in the same routine 
(provided that these are actual descendants of an earlier Peer of the line). But 
now suppose that the late Baron had been created an Earl, whilst his predecessors 
were Barons only; in that case, in default of either a "special" or " general " remainder, 
no one but a son or grandson of his own could possibly succeed him in the Earldom, though 
his Barony might be open as before to any one who was descended from an earlier Baron, 
as far back even as the first. The law with Baronets is the same (except that these can 
never be females, though under a few patents the male issue of females can succeed) : 
hence, on the one hand, a Baronetcy which was associated with a lapsed Peerage may ' 
"liberated" and make its reappearance; whilst, on the other hand, if tlie Peer 
chanced to be open to female succession it may be the Baronetcy only which expires, 

Peers possess various privileges. If members of the liouse of Lords they cannot be 
arrested unless for an indictable offence ; and whether belongirig to that House or not, 
they can, in charges of felony or treason, be tried only by that House, all the members 
of which are then summoned (though not comitelled) to attend, when each one delivers 
his verdict with the form "upon my honour," a decision being arrived at by the voice of 
the majority. The Lord High Steward (a Law Lord appointed for the occasion) sits as pre- 
sident of the court, and enquires the verdict of each Peer, beginning at the lowest rank 
and proceeding regularly up to the highest. The trial in July 1901 of Earl Russell for 
bigamy was held in the Royal Gallery, a corridor leading from the Victoria Tower to the 
House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was constituted Lord High Steward, and a long 
wliite rod was handed to him at the commencement of the proceedings and broken by 
himself at their conclusion. Ten Judges of the Law Courts were called in to give advice 
in the of legal difficulties, and about two hundred members of the House of Peers 
sat as both judges and jviry, retiring, however, to that House to resolve upon their 
verdict and sentence. No similar "trial before Peers" had occurred for sixty years, 
and it is a general impression that this will have been the last. In cases of misde- 
meanour this elaborate form is not adopted, but the Peer is tried by a jury like other 
people. Nor does the aforesaid privilege of trial pertain to Scottish or Irish Peers. A 
Peer is not put upon his oath when sitting in judgment as above, nor yet in a Chancery 
suit ; but if called as a witness, either in the High Court of Parliament or in an ordinary 
civil or criminal case, the oath is administered to him as to others. He can only be 
bound to keep the peace in the Court of King's Bench or that of Chancery. Peers are 
not liable to serve on juries, and are entitled to sit covered in courts of justice. To 
the Irish barony of Kingsale and to the English one of Forester there is, moreover, 
attached the singular concession of the right to remain covered in the presence of the 
Sovereign. To assault a Peer (or even his servant in the case of a Peer of Parliament), 
or to spread a libel respecting him, is an offence treated with exceptional severity. 
And lastly, among the privileges of the noble order — availed of by the 8th Lord 
Stourton, and again by the 4th Earl Ferrers— if a Peer is sentenced to be hanged, he 
has the consolation of swinging by a silken cord. 

The forfeiture of nobility can now only take place through attainder or death, 
though in the reign of Edv>.ard the Fourth a Duke of Bedford was deprived of his rank 
by an Act of Parliament. If an attainder is pronounced in a case of high treason. 


it annuls the title for ever (unless restored) ; but if only for felony, then if the title was 
granted by letters-patent and not by summons, its effect expires with the death of the 
Peer deprived. Similarly, if the heir to a peerage should be attainted, then in the case 
of a writ of summons no descendant of his could ever succeed to the title, though a 
descendant through a-collateral relative might revive the title if the direct heir's issue 
came to an end ; but if the peerage was held by letters-patent the attainder would 
wholly expire on the decease of the one attainted person. Several instances will be 
met with in the Directory of an attainder being removed by Act of Parliament ; and 
then, almost for a certainty, there will be a confusion among authorities as to how many 
Peers of the title there have been. 

The arms of all Peers contain " supporters " (the pair of human, animal, or mythical 
figures on each side of the shield). Those of many Baronets are similarly distinguished, 
not "as Baronets," we are told, but r,he exceptions seem too numerous, and in Scotland 
rather the rule ; even the coronet some Baronets imitate very closely. 

DcKES. — This designation, or its Latin original Dux, is stated by Selden to have been 
primarily used in this country as one of the appellations of an Earl ; but its first 
employment as the title of a distinct grade was in the eleventh year of 
Edward the Third, when the Black Prince, who was already JEarl of 
Chester, though not as yet Prince of Wales, was created Duke of Cornwall. 
In English usage it is thus less ancient than either Earl or Baron, though 
the military term "Dux" was common even among the Anglo-Saxons, 
whilst William the Conqueror is an early instance of a foreign Duke (indeed, it is 
remarked that the existence of the title among the Normans accounts for their 
tardiness in permitting the adoption by their subjects of an honour so distinguished 
among themselves). The Duke of Lancaster (1351) was the next creation, and 
others followed, though so sparhigly that when in 1572 the Duke of Norfolk was 
executed for high treason, the title became wholly extinct. It was speedily revived, 
however, under James the First, by whom the Dukes of Ilichmond (extinct line) and 
Buckingham were created in 1623 ; whilst Charles the Second restored with full pre- 
cedence the attainted dukedoms of Norfolk and Somerset, still the leading titles in 
the English Peerage. The Duke of Norfolk (1483) is thus our Premier Duke and 
Peer; the Duke of Hamilton (1643) is Premier DuJce of Scotland, and the Duke of 
Leiaster (1766) of Ireland. The total numbers of Dukes in the three Peerages now are 
— 22 Imperial (besides Princes of tiie Blood Royal, but including the Duchess of Fife), 
7 Scottish (besides the heir to the tlirone), and 2 Irish. Dukes were anciently created 
by the ceremony of girding on a sword and throwing a state mantle over the shoulders. 
They are now, like Peers generally, given their rank by patent. A Duke is styled 
in official language "Most Noble," but conventionally and more commonly "His 
Grace;" in very formal stjde he can be spoken of as "The Most High, Potent, and 
Noble Prince," and by the Sovereign, "Our right trusty and right entirely beloved 
cousin," adding "and Counsellor" if of the Privy Council. The term "cousin," 
according to Blackstone, began with Henry the Fourth, who was actually related in 
some way with every Earl in the Kingdom, from which rank it has passed to all the 
others. Barons only excepted. 

The insignia of a Duke are the coronet and mantle. The coronet, which is worn over 
a crimson velvet cap, turned up with ermine and finished, like that of the younger 
Princes, with a gold tassel, is a circle of silver gilt surmounted by eight golden straw- 
berry-leaves : it is chased, but no coronet of a noble must contain jewels. The mantle, 
as worn on state occasions in Parliament, is made of fine scarlet cloth lined with white 
taffeta, with four bars of ermine on each side (narrow strips of black fur passing hori- 
zontally round to the divided back of the mantle), each bar adorned above with gold 
lace : it is tied at the left shoulder with a white ribbon. At coronations this robe gives 
place to a crimson velvet mantle and surcoat, lined as before and edged with miniver, 
the mantle doubled from the neck to the elbow, the cape being furred with miniver 
pure,* and having four rows of dark spots on each shoulder. A Duchess on the same 
occasion wears a crimson velvet mantle the cape of which is furred with miniver five 
inches in breadth, and varied (" powdered " is the technical term) by four bars of black 
ermine : train, two yards on the ground. Her coronet is a miniature of the I)uke"s. 
A Duke's eldest son is in courtesy " born in the degree of a Marquess," and therefore 

• Ermine takes its name from the ermine we:iscl, wliich in winter is pure white with the exception of tlie black 
tips of the tail : tijis are used to form the vai'iegations in the regular ermine as well as the dark bars. 
Miniver is strictly the pure wliite fur of the Siberian miniver squirrel, but the name appears to be applied t« 
ermine when unvaried by the black tail-tips. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 

follows this order immediately in the table of precedence, and yet in the eye of the law 

he is only an esquire : in legal phraseology he is accordingly termed " John , Esq., 

commonly called the Marquess of ." As a rule, he takes by courtesy his father's 

second title, and is treated as if he were an actual Marquess ; yet his title is often 
"Earl," once (Manchester) it is "Viscount," and once (Somerset) only "Lord," in 
which cases he will be termed only " Right Hon." but retain the degree of a Marquess. 
A Duke's youniier sons are born as in the rank of Earls, though never takmg the title of 
such, but simply prefixing the word " Lord " to their Christian names. So a Dukes 
datwhters prefix the word "Lady," but they are "born in the degree of a Marchio- 
nessV'and rank after these and the wives of Dukes' eldest sons; whilst if a Duke's 
daughter is the sole heir to his estate she ranks before the eldest son's widow. 

Marquesses.— The first known use of this title in England was on the elevation, by 
Richard the Second in 1386, of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, to be Marquess of Dublin, 
when the King performed the ceremony of girding on a sword and placing 
a golden coronet on his head. Eleven years later the same monarch made 
the Earl of Somerset Marquess of Dorset; but no further instance occurs 
till the reig-n of Henry the Sixth. The word is said to be derived from 
Marchio, a title previously applied to both Earls and Barons, especially those 
who were " Lords Marches " of the frontier counties towards Wales and Scotland. The 
French form Marquis long obtained preferential use in this country and is by no means 
gone out even up to this day ; but it is strongly objected to by some, and one of the charges 
adduced against it in Thoins's 'Book of the Court ' is its frequent unwarranted adoption 
as a travelling-title— which it must be confessed is rather a reason for wishing it abolished 
than for proving it to be vrt-ong : indeed, in old usage we have met with the form 
"Marquess" used as the feminine of "Marquis." We have, however, b<jth here and 
in the Almanack, decided to adopt what seems to be the form more favoured by those 
immediately concerned. The German title corresponding to it is Markgraf, which 
in historical works is usually rendered "Margrave." The dignity itself has never been 
one of large occurrence among our nobility. Three times, indeed, it became wholly 
extinct (either by forfeiture or by the elevation of its possessor to a dukedom, which 
happened to the Peer who had previously been the third to be made Marquess of Dorset) ; 
but in the year 1532 the title of Marchioness was bestowed upon the daughter of the Earl 
of Wiltshire, and in 1551 the Peer who had then succeeded to this latter title was raised to 
be Marquess of Winchester, thus becoming the founder of what to this day remains our 
premier marquessate. The Marquess of Huntly (1599) is premier in Scotland, and the 
Marquess of Waterford (1789), if decided by the Roll of Marquesses so styled, is premier 
in Ireland, but the marquessate of Kildare (1761), merged m the Lemster dukedom, 
has an earlier claim if we regard the title itself. We have in all 26 Imperial Mar- 
quesses, 4 Scottish, and 9 Irish. The style of a Marquess is "Most Honourable," 
not "Most Noble," though it is stated that in some formal descriptions both he and 
an Earl may be termed " Most Noble and Puissant Prince." A Marquess is designated 
by the Sovereign, " Our right trusty and entirely beloved cousin " (see under " Dukes"). 
As to insignia, the coronet of a Marquess differs from that of a Duke by substituting 
silver balls (technically called " pearls "), slightly raised on points, (as in title-page), for 
four of the eight strawberry-leaves ; whilst the robes take but three and a half bars of 
ermine or rows of spots (that is to say, four on the right side and three^on the left). 
The Marchioness's coronet is by latest orders exactly like a Marquess's but much 
smaller; her robe has three and a half bars of ermine upon the miniver, which is 
reduced to four inches in width, whilst the train is a yard and three-quarters in length. 
A Marquess's eldest son is "born in the degree of an Earl," and takes usually that 
courtesy-title, though occasionally (whilst still ranking as an Earl) only that of Viscount ; 
the younger sons are born in this latter rank, but the daughters in that of Countess. In 
other respects the corresponding paragraph at the close of " Dukes " applies here also. 
See, for all degrees, the "Table of Precedency " and "Form.s of Addressing." 

Earls.— This degree is much older tl^n either of the preceding. Blackstone says that 
' ' Earl is a title of nobility so ancient that its origin cannot clearly be traced out. Thus much 
seems tolerably certain, that amcmg the Saxons they were called Faldormen, 
quasi Elder-men, signifying the same as Senior or Senator among tho Romans : 
[M^ and also Schiremen, because they had each of them the civil government of a 
several division or shire. On the irruption of the Danes they clianged the 
name to Eorles, which, according to Camden, signified the same in their lan- 
guage. In Latin they are called Cowiito from being the King's attendants. . . . After the 

1 4 Introduction. 

Norman conquest they were called Comtts* or Countees from the French ; but they did not 
long retain that name themselves, though their shires are from them called couvities to 
this day." This, it is needless to say, does not imply that the same Anglo-Saxon 
nobles retained their lands and positions under the Normans with simply an altered 
name, for we know too well how largely they were dispossessed, and that it was the 
Norman appropriators who were termed " Counts," though they speedily came to revert 
to the title habitual among the conquered people. From the Conquest to Henry the 
Third the two ranks of "Earls " and " Barons " may thus be said to have been the only 
dignities existing in England, that of Earl being accordingly the very highest then in 
English usage, so that even the Conqueror is frequently spoken of, especially by 
William of Malmesbury, as " Earl of Normandy." There are stated to have been two 
or perhaps three orders of Earls, the highest of which exercised nothing less than a 
regal jurisdiction — even having power to create Barons— within the counties of which 
they were granted seisin and possession, and which thus became Counties Palatine. A 
lower order was made Earl of a county but without this seisin of its territory and with 
only the tertium denariuvi, or third part of the profits accruing from pleas in the county 
court ; or probably in some instances there was simply made over to them a considerable 
tract of land to hold for the service rendered by the county. They were thus in some 
degree all county lords; the first to be created apart from a county was Roger 
Mortimer, made Earl of March in 1328. The rank of Earls has largely increased, till 
now in England it amounts to some two-fifths of the number of the Barons ; whilst in 
Scotland and Ireland tlie proportion is larger still — in Scotland, in fact, exceeding 
by three the entire remainder of the Peerage, whilst in Ireland, though not quite so 
disproportionate, it is but three short of the number of Barons. The present numbers 
are — Imperial 127 (2 females), Scottish 44, Irish 57. "For many centuries," says Sir Harris 
Nicolas,t "earldoms have always been conferred by letters-patent or charters. . . . 
The investiture has long been dispensed with, and the ancient practice of ci-eating a 
person Earl of some county or town has, from the great increase of dignities in 'this country, 
given place to deriving the title from some village or estate, and even from the name of 
a family. In most instances the title has been limited to the heirs male of the body of 
the grantee, but remainders are by no means uncommon to the issue of a sister or 
daughter, or to some other person named in the patent." The premier earldom in the 
English Peerage is undoubtedly that of Arundel (1155), merged in the dukedom of 
Norfolk ; but as decided by the list of Earls upon the Koll the Earl of Shrewsbury and 
Talbot is premier, the former of his two titles dating from 1442. So in the Scottish 
Peerage (the title of Mar, though dating from about the year iioo, being given precedence 
of 1405 only) the premier earldom is that of Sutherland (1230), now merged in an Imperial 
dukedom, but the premier Earl upon the Roll is Crawford (1398) ; and again in Ireland 
we have been directed to the earldom of Jiarrik (1315?), merged in the Ormonde niar- 
quessate, but Mr. Cokayne, though a-believer in its genuineness, could find no proof as 
to when such title was conferred, and thus, the Kildare earldom (Leinster dukedom) 
must stand first in antiquity (1316), . whilst the Earl of Waterford (1446), who is also 
Earl of Shrewsbury, is premier upon the Roll as he is in England. Earls, Viscounts, 
and Barons are all designated "Right Honourable." An Earl is designated by the 
Sovereign, " Our right trusty and right well-beloved cousin " (again see under " Dukes "). 

Under insignia we note that an Earl's coronet is very distinct from that of any other 
rank by the fact of its eight silver balls being mounted on golden rays which reach to 
the top of the cap and have small golden strawberry-leaves alternating between them. 
His mantle is distinguished from the preceding by having but three bars of ermine. 
A Countess wears a similar coronet, and her robe for coronations has three bars of 
ermine, a miniver edging three inches in breadth, and a train a yard and a half on the 

An Earl's eldest son is "born in the degree of a Viscount," and regularly takes that 
courtesy-title; but frequently "Lord," though his rank as Viscount is unaffected. 
Younger sons are esteemed as equal to iSarons, but all daughters as Viscountesses ; those 
latter also receive a preference over the former which is one of the anomalies of the Peerage 
(though onlj' a part of that unfair elevation of*daughters over all sons but the eldest 
which runs through every one of the ranks), they being designated as "Ladies" and 
"Right Honourables," while the younger sons (and their wives) are only " Honourables. " 
Again see at the conclusion of ' ' Dukes "and under ' ' Peers by Courtesy " and ' ' Addressing. " 

• The title "Count " is now purely honorary iu France. 

t As the name ol ihia learucti btraW is lialjlu to be nuaspelt we may observe that its correct and complete form 
is Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (familiarly " Sir Harry Nicolas," aa Hood calls him in ' Miss Kilmansegg '). 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 15 

Viscounts. — This degree, like that of Marquess, has been but sparingly conferred, though 
s numbers have been doubled during the past quarter of a century. The word, how- 
ever, was of very ancient usage in the Latin form Vice-corncs, Earl's Deputy, 
which was thus its original function, and it was of old feudal use in France ; 
but its first employment as designating a rank in the English nobility was 
in 1440, when Henry the Sixth elevated John, Lord Beaumont, to the title 
of Viscount Beaumont. Letters-patent were then made use of limiting the 
succession to heirs male of his body ; and this form has ever since been the one usually 
observed in the creation of any Peer. Twice the degree became extinct, but it was finally 
revived in 1550 by the elevation of Baron Ferrers to be Viscount Hereford, his successor 
being now the Premier English Viscount. In L-eland this degree is proportionally more 
numerous than in England, there being now 34 to English 50 (including one female), the 
premier being Viscount Gormanston (1478) ; in Scotland, on the contrary, it numbers but 
four (now that that of StrathalJan is merged in the Perth Earldom), with Viscount Falk- 
land (i62o)_for premier upon the Roll, and Viscount Fentoun (1606), Earl of Mar and 
Kelhe, as holder of the premier viscounty. At first a viscounty was simply the advance- 
ment of a barony, and tften its superior accompaniment ; but modern A^^iscounts have 
usually no second title, though e.x:ceptions do crop up, as in the creation in 191 1 of Vis- 
count Chilston, who is also Baron Douglas of Baads. It is stated in ' The Book of the 
Court ' that any English Premier on retiring may claim a viscounty, but in practice 
it would be far better to say this of es-ery Speaker of the House of Commons, for, of the 
Premiers of the nineteenth century, we note three who were made Earls, one a 
Viscount (Sidmouth), and five who died or retired without any advancement, the 
remaining eleven having held some title of nobility upon entering olfice. A Viscount is 
designated by the Sovereign, "Our right trusty and well-beloved cousin." The word 
" cousin " does not extend to Barons. 

The insigyiia consist of the coronet distinguished correctly by sixteen silver balls ; 
and of the mantle with two and a half bars of ermine {i.e. three on the right side 
and two on the left). A Viscountess's coronet is similar to her husband's, and her 
coronation robe is marked on the same distinctive rule, and with but two and a half 
inches of bordering and a train of a yard and a quarter. 

A Viscount's eldest son and his daughters are born respectively in the rank of a Baron 
and of Baronesses ; younger sons have no definite equivalent,' now that the degree of 
Banneret is obsolete, but they come above the younger sons of Barons. All sons and 
daughters without distinction bear the title "Honourable." 

Barons.— The word "Baron" is supposed to have been derived from the Celtic i?CT-or 
Bar, which served the Romans for the original of their Baro (plural Barones). The 
~ Anglo-Saxons altered the title to Thegncs or "Thanes," and these terms, as 
well as the later one "Baron," were applied, both for ecclesiastics and lay- 
men, to those men of rank who were about the King. " Baron " came thus, 
for a time, to be prefixed to the names of saints {e.g. Baron Saint Jacques), 
and after it " Monsieur " was similarly used down to the fifteenth century ; 
m France the nobles would even drop the title of " Prince " for that of " Baron," and 
we read that the family of Montmorency styled themselves "les premiers Barons de la 
Chretiente." A Thane under the Anglo-Saxons, if not a courtier as above, was required 
to possess "fullyfive hides of his own land," together with a church, a "borough-gate" 
where he could dispense justice on the Scripture model, and a " kitchen and bell-house " 
for the exercise of hospitality and the due summoning of his guests to its participation. 
The Normans either introduced or restored the term "Baron," and it is under their rule 
that we come to recognise the first of the three orders of Barons who successively figure 
in the history of this degree. 

These were the Barons hy Tenure. Amid conflicting and obscure accounts we gather 
that at the outset these scarcely constituted an order of nobility, for, though the lowest 
of them were leading citizens, they were as distinctly subordinated to the Earls of their 
respective counties as the Knights were or came to be subordina.te to themselves. But 
this low estate was only for a time, and eventually their order had grown to so com- 
manding a position in the kingdom that the term "Barons " was used conventionally for 
the entire nobility, as we find Sir Simon de Montfort, though Earl of Leicester, speaking 
of himself in the warrant issued in the name of King Henry the Third as "Simon de 
Montfort with other Barons," th(mgh in the same sentence he speaks of the "Earls and 
Barons of the realm of England." And even during the period when they had to look 
up to the Earls as their chiefs, they still held their assigned territorial baronies 


immediately of the King, to whom they had in return to render a stated feudal service. As 
they grew in importance they were summoned to attend the King's Great Councils — the 
nucleus of our Parliaments, or at least of the House of Lords, where those who were 
"Barons and Earls" to tlie King became "Peers" to each other. The dignity of a 
Baron was now estimated by the number of his Knights' fees, a Knight being attached 
to each '' fee " or division of his lands, and thus with his retainers contributing to swell j 
the troop with which the Baron could accompany the King to war. It was now held 
that the fact of a baronial tenure of land constituted in itself a right to a writ of summons ■ 
to the Great Council. But by the time of John many of the Barons had become greatly 
impoverished in their estates, and this led those others who still retained the whole of 
their ancestral domains to obtain the passing of an enactment dividing the order into j 
Barones Majores and Barones Minores, or Baronetti, who were scarcely at all higher than , 
Knights, though it was impossible to deprive them absolutely of their higher title. I 
These "Lesser Barons," who were called also "Tenants in Chief," appear to have 
constituted the original members of the House of Commons, the King having taken to 
summoning individually the Greater Barons, with the Earls, Archbishops, and Bishops, 
and leaving these others to be summoned collectively, by the Sheriff: hence, says Black- 
stone, commenced the separation of the two Houses (accomplished 1332). As yet, 
however, the Lower House was not really established, and the Greater Barona con- 
stituted the only regular Legislature for a.nother half-century. Baronies by Tenure 
have now been long a thing of the past, for even in 1669 it was decided that there 
had been none "for many ages," though there is still an eaddom — that of Arundel— 
which is attached tc^ the ducal house of Norfolk by the feudal tenure of Arundel Castle. 
The dignitaries of the degree which supplanted them were the Barons by Writ. We 
have just observed that the " tenure " was regarded as giving claim to the " writ," but, 
owing to the prolonged dissatisfaction at the degraded condition of the Lesser Barons, 
it was enacted in the 49th year of Henry the Third (Dec. 24, 1264) that none should in 
future come to Parliament except " those Earls and Barons unto whom the King him- 
self vouchsafed to direct hi|,writ of summons." This, though issued in the King's name, 
was really the proclamation above quoted of Simon de Montfort, who at that time v/as 
holding the King as his prisoner ; and he on the same occasion, from his seat of Kenil- 
worth Castle, ordained what was practically the commencement of the House of 
Commons (though it was not a separate House till the reign of Edward the Second, 
and it has been remarked that probably the commoners came less as legislators than 
as petitioners to plead what the Peers might enact) by directing the election,_ " along with 
one hundred of the dignified clergy, of two knights for each shire, two citizens for each 
city, and two burgesses for each borough."* The writs in respect of the nobility appear 
to have been issued but partially, the King himself summoning the Greater Barons, 
and leaving the others to the Sheriii. The still existing Baronies then named are those 
of De Ros, Le Despencer (Falmouth viscounty), Hastings, and Segrave (renewed below), 
whilst in the line of Camoys [q.v.) the first Baron by writ was origmally summoned 
twelve days earlier than any of these. Following this we read of writs of summons in 
the nth year of Edward the First (1283), ccmstituting a small number of Barons, among 
whom was that of Mowbray ; whilst in tlie 22nd of the same King ( 1295) those of Hastings, 
Fauconberg, Furnivall, and Segrave were added, and there was published a decree 
commanding some sixty persons " to attend the King wherever he mig'nt be, to advise on 
the affairs of his kingdom," though whether this summons constituted its recipients 
Peers of Parliament is by no means clear. In the course of that same year, how- 
ever, an unmistakable writ of this character appeared, and Baron Berkeley was one 
of its recipients, and this date (1295) was, by a decision of the Committee for Privileges 
in 1915, definitely accepted as that of the first sitting creating Peers of Parliament. The 
writ when followed by a single sitting in the Lords sufficed to establish the barony 
(Blackstone states that some had supposed tw.> sittings to be necessary, but Nicolas 
shows this to be an error), which then regularly passed to the hneal heirs both male and 
female. These writs are of the class termed Brevia clausa, from being " closed up with 
yellow wax sealed with the Great Seal of England. It is under this arrangement that we 
are occasionally brought into presence of the phenomenon of abeyance, which, as already 
stated under "'General Remarks," consists in the co-heirship of more than one daughter 
or daughter's descendant. In the case of females ijrimogeniture is disregarded m the 
succession of the English nobility (though not in that of the Royal Family,_nor yet with 
Peers of Scotland ; with those of Ireland there is practically no such thing as female 

• Mr. Walford quotes Sir Edward Coke to the .-iffect that he had seen a record of the date 1130 (30th yeaj of Henry 
the First) giving the degrees and seats of the Lords and Commons of that year as constituting one united body. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 17 

not even with the one or two Irish baronies by writ ; but see under 
" Waterford ") ; and thus when there exists no male heir, but there exist more tlian one 
female, both or all of these latter are equally entitled to the heirship, and not even the 
birth of a grandson [i.e. a son of one of these) will relieve the difficulty so long as the 
original plurality continues, nor after that original plurality has ceased can either son 
or daughter succeed if any later plurality remains (even of sons only), Thus the abeyance 
may be prolonged, and it has thus actually lasted through centuries ; but there is a 
prerogative of the Crown which enables it to cut the knot by forthwith conferring 
the dignity on any one of the co-heirs, or on any other person who is heir to one of the 
firsi co-heirs, or heir through a brother or sister of some earlier heir — a female of a 
nearer generation to that of the last Peer taking preference of a male more remote, but 
males of the same degree being preferred to females. The succession may thus pass 
to a cousin, uncle, or aunt, though it cannot, unless open to " heirs general," go outside 
of the descendants of the Baron first created. The process followed by the Sovereign in 
calling the barony out of abeyance is by le'tters-patent in the case either of a female or 
of a person already holding a higher rank in the Peerage ; in that of a male holding 
no siich higher rank it reverts to a writ of summons. But except in this instance 
and in that of summoning the eldest son of a Peer in his father's barony during that 
father's lifetime, there have ceased from 1605 to be any ne'v creations of "Barons by 
Writ ; " many of the older ones of course remain on the Roll of the Lords, for, 
generally speaking, it is only under these titles that the phenomenon of abeyance can occur. 

Lastly, then, we come to the Barons hy Patent. Though a patent is now the only form 
by which new baronies or any other peerages originate, it is anything but a modern 
innovation, for Baron Beauchamp of Kidderminster was thus dignified by Richard the 
Second in 1387. From this date for a long period the processes of wi-it and patent were 
followed indifferently ; but the former has now wholly died out, and the newly created 
Baron receives his honours by means of a document stamped with the G-reat Seal, 
clearly prescribing the terms of succession — generally limited to his own heirs male. Up 
to the thirteenth year of James the First the creation by letters -patent was accompanied 
by an investiture at the hands of the King, who solemnly arrayed the new Peer in a 
scarlet robe with a hood furred with miniver ; but in that year it was decided that the 
patent itself was sufficient, not even the " sitting " being required as under baronies by 
writ. It need hardly be added that the dignity of the one class is in no way inferior to 
that of the other, and that the Barons in the Peerage take precedence among each other 
by the date of their creation alone. In all tliere are now 382 Barons (counting 
Baronesses) of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, with 63 Irish, but only 
22 Scottish. The premier English barony as decided by the Roll is that of De Ros 
dating from 1264. In Scotland, where the term "Lord" long took partially the 
place of "Baron," v/e find the Earl of Crawford holding the lordship of Lindsay of 
Crawford (1398), whilst Baron Forbes (1445) stands first upon the Roll (Gray and 
Saltoun, however, are slightly earlier). But the oldest barony of all is in the Irish 
Peerage, where (disregarding those which were by tenure at first only) that of Kingsale 
(1172) stands first upcm the Roll, though its only certain title is by tenure (Sir Joiin de 
Courcy, the famous English champion who obtained the notable hat privilege, having 
received no peerage whatever). A Baron is conventionally called " Lord," and is 
addressed by the Sovereign as "Our right trusty and well-beloved" (without "cousin"). 

In the Scottish Peerage we notice the extensive use of the term "Lord" instead of 
" Baron " in the official titles. On this see further under " Scottish and Irish Peers " 
(page 24). On Life Baronies see "Life Peers " under " House of Lords." 

A Baron's insignia comprise the coronet— which from the time of Charles the Second 
has been denoted by six silver balls— and the mantle with two bars of black fur. The 
Baroness wears a similar coronet, and her coronation robe has the cape marked by two 
bars of ermine ; the miniver edging is two inches broad, and the train one yard long. 

A Baron's eldest son used once to have the rank of the now extinct order of Knights 
Bannerets. As it is we can only note that he comes after the younger sons of Earls, but 
before those of Viscounts, whilst his younger brothers succeed those latter sons though 
they precede all sons of Life Peers and all Baronets. As with Viscounts, all sons and 
daughters without distinction take the designation "Honourable." 

j _ Note on Coronets and Robes. — There may be a convenience in our here appending 

j in immediate sequence the scale of variations observed in the form of the two leading 

insignia. The crowns of Royalty are richly jewelled, but those of the nobility must be 

I chased only. All alike have the cap of velvet, lined with white ailk and turned up with 


spotted ermine (page 12, note). The following are the distinctions amonpr crowns and 
coronets (those of Peeresses being small and fixed to the top of the head with pins) : 

Sovereiyn—^ cros»es-patt(:^e and 4 lleurs-de-lis, with 2 arches. 

Prince Qf Wales— thK same with only i arch. 

Princes of " Blood Roi/al "—the same with no arch. 

Princesses of ditto— 2 orosses-pattce, 2 strawberry -leaves, and 4 fleurs-de-lis. 

Princes and Princesses of " the Blood " — 4 crosses-patt6e and 4 strawberry-leaves. 

Du/cesS strawberry-leaves. 

Marquesses— 4 strawberry-leavefe and 4 " pearls" (silver balls) slightly mounted. 

Ecirls—S pearls mounted' on high golden rays with leaves alternating. 

Viscounts— 16 pearls, not mounted. 

Barons— 6 pearls, not mounted. 

Of the mantles of the Peerage (as to which see "Insignia" under "Dukes") the 
differences consist in the number of bars or guards of ermine upon those worn on state 
occasions in Parliament, and the corresponding number of rows of ermine-spots upon 
the Coronation robes— Dukes having four rows, Marquesses three and a half (see above 
i/i loc). Earls three, Viscounts two and a half, and Barons two. The coronation mantles 
of Peeresses vary thus : 

Duchesses ... 5 inches ; 

Marchionesses 4 „ 

Countesses ... 3 » >> .> 3 >. >. ''' „ 

Viscountesses 2) „ „ „ 2i „ „ ij ,, ,, 

Baronesses ... 2 „ ., ,, 2 ,, ,, i yard ,, 

ARCHBISHOP.S. — The general character of thi.s division of our Introduction seems to 
render it advisable to consider the Spiritual Peers together at the close of our remarks 
on the Lords Temporal, though in point of precedence Archbishops stand superior even 
to Dukes. The Archbishop of Canterbury has twenty-nine Bishoprics in his Province 
(including his own see) against eleven in that of York ; he thus takes a position of decided 
superiority, being placed above the Lord Chancellor, whilst his colleague follows after 
that high official, their respective appellations being also distinguished as "Primate of 
All England" and "Primate of England," whilst the one styles himself "By Divine 
Providence" and the other "By Divine Permission." To the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, who is thus the highest personage in England after the Royal Family, 
the duty pertains of crowning a new sovereign, and it has been decreed that 
"wheresoever the Court may be, the King and Queen are his domestic parishioners" 
(the Bishop of London, however, crowned Henry the First, Edward the Second.. Queen 
Mary, and William the Third) ; the Bishop of London is his Provincial Dean, the 
Bishop of Lincoln his Chancellor, and the Bishop of Rochester his Chaplain. Previous 
to the Reformation this Archbishop held great secular power, especially when he was 
also Lord Chancellor. The Archbishopric of York is more ancient than that of Cantor- 
bury, having been originally founded in 180 .\.u. on the first introduction of Christianity 
into Britain, and then restored by Gregory the Great in 632 ; the southern See dating 
from 597 under Augustine. William the Conqueror, however, gave the pre-eminence 
to Canterbury, owing to a suggestion from 4rchbishop Lanfranc that if the northern 
prelates were entrusted with the function of coronation they might bestow the crown 
upon some Scot or Dane! Both are Metropolitans and are addressed as "Your 
Grace" and "The Most Reverend." In respect of their mitres, most 'Peerages' state 
that they do not differ from those of Bishops, but the ' Encyclopaedia Britannica ' 
j asserts that they rise out of ducal coronets, though adding that the decoi-ation is 
" without authority : " see at close of " Bishops." 

\ Bishops. — There are at present thirty-eight diocesan Bishops in the English Church 
in addition to the two Archbishops, who act as Bishops in their own diocases. There 
are also numerous Suffragan and Assistant Bishops, but these, as such, do not 
form a part of the Peerage. The twenty-)iine sees or dioceses in the Province of 
Canterbury are : 

Bangor, Bath and Wells, Birmingham, Bristol, Canterbury, Chelmsford, 
Chichester, Ely, Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Lichfield, Lincoln, Llandaff, 
London, Norwich, Oxford, Petr'rborough, Rocliester, St. Albans, St. Asaph, 
St. David's, St. Edmundsbury, Salisbury, Southwark, Southwell, Truro, 
Winchester, Worcester. 
The eleven of York Province are : 

I Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Ripon, SheflSeld, 

Sodor and Man, Wakefield, York. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 19 

Of these, Birmingham, Chelmsford, St. Albans, St. Edraundsbury, Southwark, 
Southwell, and Truro in the former list, and Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Ripon, 
Sheffield, and Wakefield in the latter, are of recent institution, the original total 
having been twenty-four, in addition to the see of Sodor and Man, the occupant of 
which has still an honorary seat in the House of Lords, without a vote or libert}"- to 
join in the debates, having his own legislative position in the Manx House of Keys. 
When an increase upon the original twenty-four was conunenced, it was enacted that 
new appointees should not sit in the House of Lords until vacancies arose among their 
seniors, the new prelate chosen to till the vacancy being placed in turn at the foot of the 
junior list, so that the former number of seats in the House should never be exceeded.* 
Thus the newly-created sees rank on full equality with the old, and a rotation is main- 
tained among their occupants which, except as to the statement in the next sentence, 
follows the strict law of seniority alone. But a special feature consists in the 
continuous seniority of the three Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester, 
who are thus independent of the rotation prevailing among the others. In fact, we 
come to have four classes or series among the thirty-eight Bishops : 

1. London, Durham, and Winchester — invariably Peers of Parliament. 

2. The twenty-one seniors of the remainder — Peers through seniority. 

3. Thirteen juniors — awaiting seniority for peerage. 

4. The Bishop of Sodor and Man — incapable of a full peerage. 

The list of Bishops in the House of Lords which is given' in Whitakek's Almanack 
has appended to it a second list exhibiting the order of creation of the prelates "Without 
Present Seats," thus specifying that in which they stand for succession. 

Bishops rank in the Peerage between Viscounts and Barons, but the three in the first 
of our series take precedence of all the rest, in the order— London, Durharn, Winchester. 
The position of the order, next after that of Viscounts, was assigned them in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth, so that the instruction at the coronation of Charles the Second that 
they should " {)recede all the lay Lords " may be viewed as a mere temporary solace for 
their entire exclusion from Parliament under the Commonwealth. 

This section of our woi-k has obtained for its issue the privilege of high ecclesiastical 
supervision, having been submitted to the eye of two Bishops of the English Church 
and of a Theological Professor of King's College, London, afterwards elevated to the 
bishopric of Gibraltar. One of the three confined himself to remarking on the "diversity 
between important persons;"' the second pronounced that "Bishops are Peers of the 
Realm," and that '''all Bishops are Lords Bishops;" whilst the third favoured us 
with the following valuable paper : 

" Before the Norman Conquest the Bishops were always summoned to give counsel 
to the King in tlie Witan, together with th'; Ealdornien and other chief persons of the 
kingdom. After the Conquest they occupied the same place in the Great Council of 
the Realm, like the judges and councillors. And although, as the Gi-eat Council 
passed by almost insensible gradations into the House of Lords, these latter gradually 
ceased to sit, the Bishops continued to do so, so that, as it has been said with strict 
accuracy, they have formed the most permanent element of the HouS'^ of Lords. Their 
position, however, underwent a gradual modification. William the Conqueror had con- 
verted their lands into baronies, and thus required from them attendance at court and 
military service. Consequently, as by degrees all the greater landowners were 
summoned to Parliament by virtue of their baronial tenure, the Bishops came to be 
summoned in like manner as haroncs, still, liowever, retaining much of their earlier 
character as sapientes or ' Spiritual Lords of Parliament. ' Both characters have^ been 
kept in view. As regards the former, we read that so late as 1722 the then Bishop of 
Durham, Dr. Talbot, was disposed to keep up some trace of the past— in respect both 
of his barony and of his personal status as Earl P.alatine of the County of Durham and 
Prince Bishop— by making his appearance at a review 'in a lay habit of purple, with 
jack boots and lus hat cocked, and a black wig tied behind him like a military officer.' 
On the other hand, although the Bishops have now ceased to hold their ancient 
baronies (the lands which formerly belonged to their sees being now vested in the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners), they, or rather some of them, still sit in the House of 
Peers, and hold their rank as Spiritual Lords of Parliament. 

" Upon tiie union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800 it was provided tliat the Irish 
Bishops, who had previously sat in the Irish House of Lords, should he represented in 
'the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom' by four of their 

• But a Bishop who has once attained the seniority will not forfeit his seat iu the Lords though he accep*:'^ 
translation to another see that may be vacant. The See vacated goes iu these cases to the foot of the list. | 

D 2 


number chosen ' by rotation of sessions.' Of the four Archbishops one sat in each 
session, and of the eighteen Bishops three ; in each case according to a defined order. 
The subsequent union of Bislioprics and abolition of [two] Archbishoprics brought about 
further changes ; and on the disestablishment of the Irish Church in i86g, the Irish 
Bishops were excluded from the House of Lords altogether. In other respects their 
precedency is now shared by the Roman Catholic hierarchy in Ireland. 

"The question whether the Bishops who liave seats in Parliament are Peers of the 
Realm has received diverse answers. There is no doubt whatever that when the term 
' Peer ' began to be used, the Bishops were recognised as Peers of the Realm in the 
fullest sense. But in practice they did not exercise certain of the functions of the 
Peerage. The provisions of the Canon Law did not suffer them to be present when 
judgments of life and limb were being given ; and they usually claimed to be themselves 
exempt from secular jurisdiction on the same grounds. These were ecclesiastical 
piovisions, and in no sense constitutional disabilities ; but in effect, the non-use of the 
piivileges of peerage gradually led to the idea that the Bishops were not Peers of the 
Realm at all. Signs of this are to be found as early as the reign of Henry the Eighth ; 
and in 1692 the representatives of the Lords in conference with the Commons are said 
to have declared that ' they looked upon the Bishops to be Lords in Parliament, but 
not Peers of Parliament.' Nevertheless the rights of peerage which the Bishops once 
possessed have never been withdrawn from them, for an obiter dictum of this kind has 
clearly no legal or constitutional force. 

" A further question remains as to whether every Bishop is entitled to be addressed as 
' Lord Bishop,' or only such as hold diocesan sees. Now, of course, it may well be that, 
in an age which is accustomed to consider every title as the direct outcome of a grant 
from the civil power, many Bishops do not care to claim such a title for themselves. 
But there can be no question that, historically, every Bishop was addressed as ' Lord 
Bishop,' and this not by virtue of any special grant-^still less on account of his place in 
Parliament — but simply by virtue of his episcopal character, and from the universal 
respect for his office, which only gradually took shape in a formal title. Of this, as 
a matter of historical fact, there can be no doubt. Whether, however, it is desirable 
that, as a matter of etiquette, it should be given to all Bishops at the present day, is 
another question. " 

During the year which followed the first publication of the above we made 
numerous enquiries in reference to this "other question." The answers confirmed 
tons the fact that there does indeed exist "diversity," but the balance of opinion 
and practice came out clear beyi md mistake. Whilst with some classes of the episcopal 
order the claim to the term "Lord" is clear, with the others we find a gradual shading 
down, until the sense of doubt took refuge in a decision by courtesy. As far as the matter 
of right is concerned, the title '.' liord Bishop " belongs not only to English diocesan 
prelates, but to those also in our own Colonies, since such of these latter as possess 
patents (a form now disused) have had it therein expressly conveyed ; and even as 
to the Enghsh Bishops Suffragan, when a small number of these were created in the 
i6th century they were addressed precisely as Bishops in general. This, however, is 
an item rather of custom than of right ; but it is from the basis of custom that, except 
as to the above first two orders, our rule will have after all to be deduced. There were 
English Bishops before the time of the Conquest, and the term "Dominus Episcopus " 
wa.s applied to them before they came to be constituted Barons ; we must therefore 
resolutely discard the idea that their secular status was the origin of this style of their 
address. But now, when the numbers of the Episcopate are so greatly multiplied, 
we find that this f(irm has passed down, until, in the probably universal usage 
of High Churchmen and the very extensive usage of others also, all Bishops of 
the Anglican Church still in office have come to be styled " Lords Bishops : " the 
Suffragims are so styled as above ; the Irish Bishops, though they stand precisely on a 
level with their Roman Catholic brethren ; the Scottish Bishops, though actually dis- 
senters from the Established Church of their country ; and even the Missionary Bishops, 
though one of this order has expi-essly answered our enquiry with, " No, this style is 
happily notc\istomary." But, weighty and honourable as is this disclaimer, it would be 
unsafe to regard it as a unanimous utterance, so that it would be wiser to insert the word 
"Lord" where objection has not been expressed than to run the risk of offending by 
its onussion : one clei-ical correspondent even informs us that he used repeatedly to 
iddress "The Lord Bishop of Haiti" (an American Missionary or "Foreign" Bishop) 
without being rejiroved. Again, as to the American Bishops proper, the old form of 
"Right Reverend Sir " is beginning to be dropped for the English style. A retired. 

The Peerage and its Degrees. 

Bishop constitutes a partial exception, the word "Lord" attaching to the see and not 
to_ the person ; he must be Lord Bishop of somcivhere, or he sinks to the style of "The 
Right Reverend Bishop X.," though still personally addressed as "My Lord." The 
position of an Assistant Bishop is similar, since he must not be described as "Assistant 
Bishop of A.," but "Bisiiop Assistant to the Bishop of A. ;" still his personal address 
IS "My Lord." The style of a Coadjutor is "The Lord Bishop Coadjutor of A." 
A Bishop's Commissarii is simply the agent of a Colonial or other prelate. 

But on the question of the higher Bishops being Peers of the Realm, our former opinion is 
not shaken but strengthened. Whatever may have been their position in early history, 
they are clearly now without a single one of the regular accessories of such peerage, their 
titles not being hereditary and their wives and children having neither title nor pre- 
cedence. In the recent trial of Earl Russell the incompleteness of their peerage was 
prominently brought out, and how so high an authority as the late Bishop Stubbs (for 
he it was) could have laid it down to us that they ivere Peers of the Realm is something 
incomprehensible. They sit in the House of Lords by virtue of their office alone, and 
that by a mechanical rotation peculiar to themselves', usually not gaining their seats 
till after some years of episcopal service, whilst if infirmity compels them to resign 
their posts they become (except as to the above courtesy-style of " My Lord ") as purely 
commoners as any of ourselves. If in some past instances we find them called "Peers 
of the Realm " we must regard the expression as used in the loose sense in which it 
might be applied to all Peers whatsoever. This statement must cover even the remark 
attributed to the late Bp. Creighton that he was the holder of a " barony : " the Standing 
Orders of the House of Lords most expressly lay it down that " Bishops are not Peers." 

Bishops Suffragan are deputy Bishops, each directing some subdiWsion of a diocese^ 
or jdelding an unlocahsed assistance therein ; they are invariably distinguished by some 
topographical title, which, however, may itself vary with different individuals : thus 
"Nottingham," "Penrith," &c., have disappeared, whilst new titles crop up from year 
to year. The original Act (of Henry the Eighth) designated twenty-six towns from 
which the titles of appointed Suffragans might be selected : hence such anomrJies as 
"Bedford " and "Marlborough " recently in the diocese of London ; but a new Act has 
widened the scope. * A retired Suffragan whose successor has chosen a new designation has 
been allowed to retain the titular honours of the old. thus actually remaining a "Lord 
Bishop." A further amending Act was passed in 1898 obviating the technical difficulty 
which required a Suflfragan to be consecrated "upon appointment," thus rendering it 
impossible to appoint one who had been consecrated already (see "Dover"). The 
Suffragan Bishoprics in the various dioceses as at present constituted are as follows : 

Bat/i a- d TI'e?/.«— Taunton. 
Canterbur;/ — Dover, Croydon. 
CajVi's/^— Ban-ow-in-Furness. 
Chetms/o-d — Barking, Colchester. 
Chifhester — Lpwes. 
/>«/■'("?/(— .JaiTow. 
^•.c^^^r— Ciediton. 
iiV-^AV/,;— Stafford. 
Lincoln — Grantham. 

io«(?oH— Stepney, Islington, Kensington, 

Manchester — Burnley, Whalley. 

Norwich — Thetford. 

Ox/orc?— Beading, Buckingham. 

Peterborou(jh — Leicester. 

Ripon — Richmond, Knaresborough. 

St. Davids ~ Swansea. 

Sovtliivark — "Woolwich, Kingston-on-Thames. 

South well — Derby . 

Truro — St. Geiman's. 

W!>/^A(;.f(er— Southampton, Guildford. 

For/c— Beverlev. Hull. 

There is thus no Suffragan in Bangor, Birmingham, Chester, Gloucester, Liverpool, 
Llandaff, Rochester, St. Asaph, St. Edmundsbury, Salisbury, Sheffield, Sodor and 
Man, or Wakefield ; ' whilst in lieu of a Suffragan there are Bishop's Assistants in 
Bristol, Ely, Hereford, Newcastle, St. Alb.ans, and Worcester : there are also Assistants 
m addition to Suffragans in London, Manchester, Bath and Wells and Peterborough. 
Coadjutor Bishops are officially appointed, often with an expressed right of succession. 
Missionary Bishops (whose dioceses must be given to make them "Lords Bishops") 
are Bishops appointed from England but located in countries which are not British 
Colonies. Assistant Bishops, like Bishops' Commissaries, hold their offices by personal 
arrangement with their superiors. We have made it a special object to supply par- 
ticulars as to the Colonial, Missionary, and Retired prelates, such not being readily 
obtainable elsewhere. 

« There were but two or three Suffr.ngiin sees actually constituted out of this 32, and upon their hoWers 
dyiuK out no successors were ai/pointed, so that frora 1597 to 1870 tlje title had no distinctive existence in thp 
Bstabhshed Church of England. Still, in this Church as in that of Eon,e, all Bishops not MetropoUtlSI 
are sometimes called SuiTragans, and from this circumstance a former oorresjiondent of • Crockford ' was led to 
pronounce an essential diflferenee between Suffragan Bishops and Bishops Suflragan. We have followed his 
harmless ca:ution, but successive Gazette announcements have convinced us that it is of no practical moment. 


A Bishop's mitre is a high cleft cap, generally of linen stiffened with embroidery and 
jewels (that of the Bishop of London is of ivory), encircled at the base with a jewelled 
golden fillet, ai\d having two fringed pendants hanging below from within. That of the 
Bishop of Burham (as a vestige of the above ancient Count Palatinate) takes a ducal 
coronet in place of the fillet, and has its two divisions edged with beads and finished 
with two "orbs." The crosier, the symbol of a shepherd and terminating in a crook, 
is .still borne upon occasions by diocesan Bishops ; a cross (quite distinct from a crosier) 
is sometimes also carried before an Archbishop. 

Classification of the Peerage. — Even neglecting the above degrees of JDukes, 
Marquesses, Earls, &c., we find our subject so complicated that we have to arrange it 
under the following ramifications (for particulars see the two following divisions) : 

I. The House of Lords. 

I. Peers created. 

(i) Hereditary Peers. 

(2) Life Peers (Law Lords). •* 

(3) Official Peers (Lords Sniriti;al). 
2 Peprn elected. 

(i) I'or Life (Irish liepresentative Peers), 
(a) For one Parliament (Scottish ditto). 

II. The Peerage outside of the House. 

1. Peers of Full Rank. 

(1) Scottish Peers I Many of these sit in th^ House of Lords either undiir [ titles or 

(2) Irish Peers I as Representatives. 

2. Peeresses in Own Right. 

(1) Imperial Peeresses (male heirs going to House of Lords on succession), 
12) Scottish Peeresses (Irish are barely possible). 

3. Peers' Issue with Courtesy-Titles. 

(i ) Eldest sons of Dulces, Marquesses, and Earls (with Scottish " Masters "). 

(2) Eldest sons of Dukes' and .Marquesses' eldest sons. 

(3) Youneer sons of Dukes and Marquesses. 

(4) Younger sons of Earls, with all sons of Viscounts and Barons 

(5) Daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls. 
(S) Dauchters of Viscounts and Barons. 

(7) Daughters and younger sons of eldest sons of Dukes. Marquesses, and Marls 
[4. Scottish Lords of Session.] 


Classification of Degrees. — The following table, specifying the present composition 
of the House itself, may conveniently stand thus closely after the one of a wider applica- 
tion above. It is, however, only a minuter form of classification of the nobles included 
under No. I. of that table. No minor can take his seat ; these ai-e accordingly specified 
separately. Up to the dale of our going to Press, the list stands as under : 

Hereditary. Life or a Term. Minors. Total 

Princes of the Blood Royal 3 . . . . 3 

Archbishops • . z • • 2 

Dukes 19 •• I 20 

Marquesses 29 ■ . • ■ z9 

Earls 122 .. 6 128 

Viscounts 54 ■ ■ i 55 

Bishops 24 • . 24 

Barons (exclusive of Bn. Gardner).. 364 7 9 380 

Scottish Representative Peers • 16 . . 16 

Insl) ditto 27 (*) . ■ 27 

591 76 

House of 667 + 17 Minors =684 

bh Representative Peers, bus received an Imperial title and is thus 

Forms of Admittance. — The House of Lords, the original Great Council and sole 
Parliament of England, has its early history sketched in the preceding division under the 
heading of " Barons," where also the more ancient credentials of Tenure and Summons 
are explained. At the present time, with certain special exceptions, it may be said 
that all peerages are conferred by letters-patent under the Great Seal of England. It 
may almost be added that no neA' peerages are now conferred which do not carry with 
them a right to sit in the House of Lords, for even if conferred upon a female the 
dignity is made to pass by preference to the heirs male descended from her ; but the 

The House of Lords. 23 

power of the Sovereign to create one new Peer of Ireland for every three peerages that 
have lapsed was shown in 1898 to have been not absolutely abandoned, as had been long 
and generally supposed. The exceptions to the adoption of letters-patent still occasionally 
exercised are the following two. The first is described above under "Barons" near 
the end of the paragraph upon Baronies by Writ ; whilst the second consists in the 
summoning to the Lords, during his father's lifetime, of the heir to one of the higher 
peerages, who is thus called to proceed immediately to the functions of a legislator under 
the temporary title of a barony of his father. In this case it must be noted that no 
new hereditary peerage is thus created, for on the death of the father the son steps into 
the higher title, and his own separate peerage, as such, passes out of sight. Should the 
son, however, die first and leave an heir of his own, that heir if of age will take the son's 
title and hold it on till the death of the elder Peer. It must also not be forgotten that 
though in general the process of Writ of Summons has gone out of use, there are numbers 
of the existing baronies which are held through the issue of such writs centuries ago, and 
that it is in their case and theirs only that we are so frequently confronted with the 
phenomenon of "abeyance." Again, there is a lower form of the Writ of Summons 
issued at the commencement of every new Parliament, by which every Peer who is 
already recognised (excepting the elected Eepresentative Peers of Scotland, whose 
return is notified to the House by the Lord Clerk Register) receives as it were a circular 
informing him of the re-assembling of the House. 

The ceremonies of the admission of a new Peer may be thus described, and they apply 
to the creation [not succession) or mere elevation of a member of the House. Garter 
King of Arms (or "Garter" as he is briefly termed), or it may be some Herald in his 
place, makes his entry bare-headed and attired in his tabard, holding the patent and 
writ of summons ; the new Peer himself follows, between two nobles of his own degree, 
all three being robed ; the new accession makes his obeisance to the Lord Chancellor, 
who enjoins that his credentials shall be read ; the oaths are next administered, the writ 
handed over for keeping by the Clerk of the House, and the new Peer conducted to his 
seat, from which he forthwith rises again and returns less formally to the Lord 
Chancellor to receive his congratulations. A new Bishop is similarly introduced by two 
Spiritual Peers, but without the secularising company of a Herald. At every new 
Parliament the oaths must be taken afresh by each Peer before he can resume his seat. 

It was noticed above that no minor can take his seat ; neither can any Peer who is 
bankrupt or insane. But the House has long grieved over its incapacity to exclude a 
Peer notorious for a disgraceful life. 

Areangement AND Procedure. — Two thrones are provided fur the Sovereign and the 
Queen Consort, with seats to the right and left for the Prince and Princess of Wales. 
In front of the thrones is the woolsack, the seat of the Lord Chancellor when neither the 
Sovereign is present nor the House in Committee. Three Peers oonstitute a quorum, 
and can proceed with the work of legislation so long as they are unanimous, but no 
division is now of force unless thirty are present. I'he House gives its^ votes, when 
these are formally required, by each member answering "Content" or "Not Content,'' 
but the Commons' system of dividing in lobbies is also in vogue. In case of a division, 
an equality of votes is a negative of the proposition, as there is no casting-vote, but the 
Lord Chancellor himself participates in the vote of the House. This official, it need 
hardly be added, is by no means the regulator of the proceedings of the House asthe 
Speaker is in the Commons ; instead of being elected by the vote of the House he is a 
member of the Ministry of the day, and he sits in the Sovereign's absence as an orna- 
mental figure-head, whose presence, (jr that of a deputy, is essential to the conduct of 
proceedings. He can take part both in the debates and the voting.* The Peers, by a 
Standing Order in 1868, have dropped the right of voting by proxy, but members may 
enter upon the journals of the House (if within 48 hours) their individual protest against 
any measure which has received the sanctioii, of the majority. The House is the 
ultimate Court of Appeal, those Peers who have been Judges being the acting members, 
though any other Peer could participate if he were so ill-advised as to insist. Thus 
technically every Peer is a Judge; nevertheless it was decided in 1905 that a Peer 
might continue a K.C. and even plead at the bar of the House, though not before a 
Committee or in a criminal case. 

Hereditary Peers. — Our two tables have brought ovrt the fact that there are Peers 
of Parliament who are not hereditary, just as there are hereditary Peers (Scottish and 

• The "Lord High Chancellor of England finds his more exalted functions in his 
officer of the Crown and the first lay person in the realm after the Royal Family. 
High Chancellor," under the "Official Glossary," further on, 

24 Inty^oduction. 

Irish) who are not Peers of Parliament. The second table, however, shows that the 
former class of exceptions are comparatively few. These are noticed in our next two 
paragraphs, whilst the third exhibits the yet further anomaly of a class of hereditary 
Peers within the House, but not succeeding by heredity thereto. 

Life Peers. — This class, once not infrequent, is now restricted to a very small 
number of Law Lords, at present six. The first recent creation occurred in 1856 in 
the case of Lord Wensleydale, when the Peers came to the decision that a Life 
Temporal Peer was not entitled to a seat in their House. An Act was accordingly 
passed giving power to the Sovereign to elevate two Judges of Appeal into Life Barons 
of Parliament, and in 1876 the number was enlarged so that it now admits all the 
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, whether active or retired. The wives of these Peers take 
the title of "Lady" with all the precedence of Baronesses; and the children of 
Life Peers now rank next after those of hereditary Barons and take the courtesy- 
title " Honourable." 

Official Peers. — These are the Lords Spiritual, already described under the 
preceding division. In point of fact they usually prove to be Life Peers, but only on 
condition of their retaining their posts till death. Should they resign they not only 
relinquish their seats, but suffer a change in their designations as stated under "Bishops." 
A further mark of the distinction between this class and the preceding is seen in the 
fact of their ivives and children being wholly without titles, even the wife of an Archbishop 
being simply "Mrs." 

Peers Elected. — We may thus notice conjointly the Scottish * and Irish Representa- 
tive Peers, both of which are full Peers of their respective nations, and are elected by 
the entire adult Peerages of these as specially convened by the Sovereign (but see 
omissions under Irish Roll). Those of Ireland number 28, and are chosen for life, even 
though subsequently created Peers of the LTnited Kingdom, e.g., Earl Curzon of 
Kedleston ; those of Scotland 16, who are elected or re-elected at every fresh Parliament. 
Elected Peers do not receive the Writ of Summons on the assembling of a new 


Scottish and Irish Peers. — The Peerages of Scotland and Ireland, though con- 
taining the same degrees from Dukes to Barons, differ broadly from that of England in 
their not conferring membership of the House of Lords. Nevertheless, considerably the 
larger half of them do possess seats in that House, for, in addition to the elected repre- 
sentatives of the paragraph above, thei-e are very many who, as fully enumerated upon 
page 40, possess Imperiariiereditary titles in addition to their more ancient and native 
ones — in fact, this is the case with nearly three-fifths of the Scottish Peers and 
nearly half of the Irish. The Duke of Hamilton is the Premier Peer of Scotland, and 
the Duke of Leinster of Ireland (for Premier Earls, Barons, &c., see under those degrees, 
as per Index). 

'fhe Scottish Peerage in its early beginnings comes to us under a shroud of mistiness. 
The first title with which we meet beai's the Gaelic form of Mbrmliaor (usually printed 
Mormaer), that is Great Steward, and a succession of nobles known by this distinction 
were the predecessors of the Earls of Mar. As mentioned under that title, the first 
of these to adopt the style of "Earl" is presented to us in 1114 as one of "the Seven 
Earls " connected witli the foundation charter of the Abbey of Scone. The dignity at 
this date was distinctly a feudal one, its holders being equivalent to the Barons in 
England ; and in the Scottish Parliament, known as the Communitas, these must have 
held their seats under the latter designation, as the assembly consisted of only the three 
ranks of Prelates, Barons, and Burgesses. The title of Earl would thus appear to 
have been merged under this one wider term, just as we had it above (page 15) 
in the case of "Simon de Montfort with other Barons," for the Scottish nobility 
was now nominally made up of the two ranks, perhaps not precisely so distinguished, of 
Major and Minor Barons. The latter subsided into what are now termed Lairds, whilst 
the former were eventually summoned to the Legislature. The term " Earl," however, 
from 1578, more regularly appeared in the charters assigning the fands, already designated 

• It may here be reraarkfcd ujion this form once for all that there is an objection in Scotland to the word 
"Scotch ;" the people are "Scots," and their adjective is "Scots "or "Scottish." Their Education Dejiartment has, 
however, been formally christened by the Southern innovation, and other exceptions may turn up from time to 
time, such as " Scotch whisky," "Scotch snuff,' '"Scotch haggis," "Scotch thistle," "Scotch kale," "Scotch mist," 
and " Scotch t,errier." Again, the Scotsman BDswelluses the form " Scotch "^ repeatedly in his Life of Johnson,' 
so that certainly no one can say that " the decree has been made absolute." 

The Outside Peerage. - 25 

earldoms (these lands being subject to division in the case of co-heirs, but the title going- 
to the eldest inheritor only). But James the First had, about the year 1430, introduced 
the English title of "Lord of Parliament," and thus in time the word "Baron," and 
still later that of "Earl," acquired significations distinct from those of feudalism ; and 
the Earls in this sense soon grew to be the more numerous body (now 44 against 22). 
So long as the earlier system had remained in force the great Scottish nobles judged of 
their precedence by virtue of their personal status alone, so that the introduction 
of English usage, with its rule of precedence by priority of creation, led to serious 
disputes, and compelled the appointment in 1606 of a Commission known as the 
Decreet of Ranking. We have thus traced the origin of the orders of Barons and Earls. 
James the Third made his son the first Scottish Marquess, but the title (Ormond) very 
soon lapsed. Those of Hamilton and Huntly followed, the remainder dating from 
between the union of the Crowns and that of the Kingdoms. The only Scottish 
Viscounties hail from the same interval. King Robert the Third in 1398 made his son 
Duke of Rothesay, and his brother Duke of Albany. In Scotland as observed on page 10, 
when female succession is permitted it follows the rules of i^rimogeniture, and there is 
thus no abeyance. 

In the Irish Peerage, as all the creations were made by English monarchs, there are 
no special features to comment upon having any similarity to the preceding. We note, 
however, the almost entire absence of female succession, and tliis in spite of the fact 
that there are Irish baronies by writ. The term barony is still extensively used for 
what in England is of the nature of a manor, but this circumstance has not interfered 
with the employment of the word "Baron" for a title of nobilitj'. Irish Peers 
(see page 10) have the distinctive privilege of admission by election to the House of 

Peeresses in Own Right. — Peerages are occasionally granted immediately to ladies 
of distinction or the widows of distinguished men ; but frequently the instances falling 
under this heading are the result of regular inheritance in lines which, as we have noted 
under " Barons," are open to females in default of males. Thus it results that some of 
the Peeresses now upon the list have male heirs who will succeed them in the ensuing 
generation and take their seats by strict right in the House of Lords; while, on the other 
hand, several peerages now occupied by males will fall to the other sex, and thus for a 
time take leave of that House. 

Scottish Lords op Session. — We have now stepped outside the Peerage altogether; 
for the word "Lord" prefixed to the names of these Judges, or sometimes even to titles 
different from their names, is strictly an official honour, and may be compared to the 
term "Lord Justice" in England, for which until lately " Baron " and "Lord Chief 
Baron " were used. An Order in Council of February 1905 authorised the retention of 
the title for life, irrespective of retirement, and the style "Lady" is to be enjoyed by 
the wife, and to continue in widowhood tlioagli not after re-marriage ; but no distinction 
is conferred upon the children. " Lord" in this case takes the prefix " Hon." in place 
of the " Right Hon." of actual Lords. Lords, fourteen in number (inclusive of 
the Chairman of the Scottish Land Court, added in 1912), are given in our Directory, 
and a list of thera will be found in Whitaker's Almanack. For the style of the two 
Presidents see the note under " Scott-Dickson." 

Remarks on Foreign Titles held in the British Dominions. — We are continually 
meeting in the pa]jers with some title which belongs, or affects to belong, to some 
foreign nobility, and which in many cases is thoroughly respectable, though we fear that 
in many others it is decidedly the reverse — in fact, either bought with cash or an 
imposture altogether. Some of the parties apparently come to this country for a brief 
flash in English society, or it may be a crash among English tradesmen ; while others 
are settled residents with us, and not to be named in the same breath with these their 
would-be kindred. Of course we are not attempting to discriminate between individuals. 
We have given nearly all the names to be found in either ' Burke ' or ' Debrett, ' 
together with two or three others whose credentials appeared to be satisfactory. There 
may be many sound ones besides, but such of these as adopt fixed abodes in this country 
are fairly sure Jo take steps for making their presence known. 

A good number of those whom we have felt warranted in including are residents in 
various parts of our own island ; but there is one French Peer in Canada (De Longueliil), 
and about thirty holding Maltese, Spanish, Genoese, or other foreign titles are to be 
found in our little Colony of Malta. Of these we now supply, we believe, a complete 
list, including even those who hold uncouth Arabic titles : one of these last, the 


Baroness Diar-il-Bniet, is the premier noble of Malta, and as such was deputed to 
represent the Peerage of the island at King Edward's coronation. As a rule, a 
foreign peerage acquires no rank or precedence in the British dominions, but some 
thirty of those held in Malta are practically " taken over " by our Government, and 
they take precedence at the British Court next after the Barons of Ireland ; in 
Malta itself, after members of the Council of Government. This they do regardless 
of designation, for in Malta the terms Marquess, Count, and Baron are treated as 
titles only and marking no distinction in rank, the date of creation alone governing 
their precedence, and the form of address being " Most Noble " irrespectively to 
all. The adoption of these titles by our Government was in most cases (not quite 
all) in compliance with treaty obligations on our acquisition of the island, just as the 
above title of De Longueiiir followed the cession of Canada by France ; there are a 
few, however, which have been provisionally accepted though not authorised by treaty. 
Besides Spain and Genoa, we iind among the sources of these honoiirs Austi-ia, Naples, 
Sicily, Parma, Savoy, and the Grand Masters of Malta itself, these last sujjplying the only 
strictly Maltese peerages. Papal titles, being in the nature of ecclesiastical dignities, 
have never been recognised by tl)e British Government in Malta. Turning from that 
island we find perhaps the largest portion of our foreign titles bearing the designation 
of "the Holy Roman Empire," which the student of history knows to be the style 
assumed by the Emperors of Germany in days when the leading power of that country 
was Austria. Several of our own aristocracy can append to their other titles that of 
Prince or Count of this Holy Eoman Empire, and it is an honour that may be depended 
upon as not having been obtained by dishonourable means. Similarly a writer in the 
Standard in October 1900 states that a " Siianish countship is as hard to come by as 
an English earldom;" and he adds that at least iig British subjects hold foreign 
titles. We may briefly instance the French dukedoms of Aubigne, Melfort (late), and 
Chatelherault ; the Duke of Wellington's Spanish, Portuguese, and Belgian titles ; 
Nelson's Neapolitan dukedom of Bronte, Lord Peay's Dutch title, and the Earl of 
Clancarty's marquessate of Heusden ; again, thei'e are the Austrian baronies of 
Rothschild, De Worms, and Fremantle, the Earl of Clarendon's Prussian barony of 
Villiers, the Earl of Dundonald's Brazilian marquessate of Maranham, the Portuguese 
viscounties of Monserrate and De Stern (late) and earldom of Cape St. Vincent, 
and the Russian barony of Dinisdale. There are several honours hailing from Saxe- 
Coburg, whilst Hanover, Hungary, and S^veden are cited as having conti'ibuted one 


Use of the Terms "Lord," "Lady,'' "Hon.," &c.— The title "Lord" is in the 
first place the regular conventional designation of a Baron, and frec(uently in the 
older titles it is even found substituted in the patenter writ, as is especially noticeable 
in the Scottish Peerage. Secondly, it is used in common parlance as a general term for 
any nobleman, from a Baron to a Marquess. Thirdly, in courtesy-titles it is correctly 
used in the case of the eldest sons of such of the higher Peers as hold subordinate 
titles as Barons, and conventionally again when the subordinate title is higher than 
that of Baron. Fourthly, it is prefixed to a Christian name to designate a younger 
son of a Duke or Marquess. Fifthly, it is used, by right or by courtesy, to Bishops. 
Sixthly, it is applied, as a judicial title, to a Scottish Lord of Session. The title " Lady " 
is borne by wives or sisters in all these cases except the fifth (the sixth is now included), 
by the daughters of Eai'ls, and by the wives of IBaronets, and, in practice, by those of 
Knights also. When the word "Lord, "or any other title of honour, is added to a Christian 
name, as "Alfred, Lord Tennyson,'" the title " Lord T." implies an actual Peer, and the 
"Alfred" shows which one of the line is intended (the form " Lord Alfred " could only 
be the courtesy-title of some younger son as above); and so we have "Edward, Earl 
of Derby," " Maria, Duchess," &c. In the Roll of the Peers as officially printed each 
nobleman is designated by the prefixing to his title of the entire series of his Christian 
names. The leading name suffices for less forma] use. 

We have' found it necessary to expand this last sentence, though previously we 
had felt almost ashamed to say even this much. But the extent of ignorance with 
which we have met, even amongst writers whom we Should have assumed to be well- 
informed on such a matter, is such that we are compelled to apologise for greater 
fulness to those with whom the laws of address have long been as their ABC. In 
the case of actual Peers, then, the forms "Alfred, Lord Tennyson" and "Edward, 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 27 

Earl of Derby" are precisely equivalent in definition respectively to " ist Baron 
T." and "14th Earl of D." But though with foreign personages v^e may hear of 
"Duke Henry" or "Baron Otto," we can iierer have this inversion of the Christian 
name in either of the Peerages of our own islands. In fact, even in the use of 
courtesy-titles it can never occur with any style higher than that of "Lord," so that 
such forms as "Viscount James Cranborne" are simply outrageous monstrosities. 
The only exception comes in when this very variably applied terra "Lord" is the 
courtesy-title of a younger son of some Duke or Marquess; then the addition of 
the Christian name is as imperative as in the other cases it is banned. Even 
here care must be taken not to confuse with these the courtesy-title of an eldest 
son, which, if " Lord," will usually be that of a barony included in his father's titles, 
whilst thot^e of younger sons invariably terminate in the family surname : thus 
we have Lords Stanley, and Medway, who are heirs apparent to the earldoms 
of Dei'by, and Cranbrook, and many similar titles will be found on glancing 
down the column of Eldest Sons ' of Earls in Whitaker's Almanack. In 
brief, when "Lord" is followed by a Christian name it exactly corresponds to 1 
"Honourable" in the case of other sons. With the word "Lady" the blunder is 
even more frequent ; but as the rules are fully given under the headings that follow, it 
should be sufficient in this place to point out that the forms "Lady Anne," " Lady Jane," 
&c., must never be used except for the daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, or Earls (who, 
as stated further on, usually retain these forms after marriage) ; but wives of Baronets and 
Knights bringing with them no title of their own must be simply " Lady Brown " or 
"Lady White," though if requiring distinction from other Ladies of the surname they 
may prefix to " Lady " their own Christian names, or if two of the name chanced to be at 
the same address the form "Lady (E.) Smith "can be adopted: these, however, are 
conventional resorts only, "for," says a former Lord Chamberlain (who kindly examined 
and approved this and two following sections), "if ten Lady Smiths were presented 
at Court they would each be 'Lady Smith' simply; " whilst the bold but frequent 
device of inventing a compound surname from a Christian name, such as "Lady 
Douglas Smith," amounts at once to making a "Lord Douglas Smith" (instead of 
" Sir Douglas ") of the husband. 

The prefix "Hon." is given personally to most Peers' issue (see "Earls" &c.), and 
officially to nil present or past Maids of Honour, all Justices of the High Court during 
office (not Lords -lustices, whr) are all made Privy (Councillors, nor Lords of Appeal, 
who hold Life Peerages), to Lords of Session, but not their wives ("Hon. Lord," but 
"Lady " only), and to members i)f Executive or Legislative Councils in the Colonies.* 
The Parliamentary phrase "Hon. Member" implies no personal or official title, 
and it is a mistake to prefix "Hon." to Gentlemen Ushers: " Never with men," 
says our authority. " Right Hon." is the title of a Privy Councillor and of any 
Peer lower than a Marquess ; Peeresses take the style of their husbands ; and by 
courtesy eith&r " Rt. Hon." or the commonly substituted "The" must be prefixed 
to the title or name of all Peers' issue who are higher than ''Hon.,"t a courtesy- 
Marquess being "Most Hon.," and "Rt. Hon. "being preferable to "The " in the case 
of other eldest sons bearing titles of their fathers. " Rt. Hon." is also given during 
term of ofl^ice to all Lord Mayors, the Lord Advocate, and the Lord Provosts of 
Edinburgh and Glasgow (not other cities). "Hon. Lady" may denote either a lady 
previously "Hon." who has married a "Sir," or else any lady who has married an 

* This use of the title, havinR its rules to tome extent complex, has occasionally been applied too freely. It per- 
tains for life to members of the Canadian Privy Council, or of the Executive Councils of Victoria and Tasmania, 
these meml>ershipR being life appointments ; also, during office, to Senators of Canada (with the Speakers 
of both Houses and those of the Provinces) and to members of any Executive or Legislative Council in a 
Colony possessing responsible government (by tlie King's permission the title may be retained by ex-members). 
Locally the " Hon." is assumed by members of these same Councils in Crown Colonies also, and by the S]ieaker of 
a Lcffislative Assembly where such second Chamber exists (the Crown Colonies, soma 4.5 in number, comprise all 
the Britis^h dominions beyond seas not included in India, Canada, Australasia, or the Union of S. Afi-ica). In 
igiz the King was pleased to approve of the use throughout his Dominions during tenure of office of the title of 
" Honourable" in the ease of the Chief Justices .and Judges of the Hinh Ct or" Australia and of the Supreme C'ts 
of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Soutli Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand South 
Africa and Newfoundland. In 1913 the same privilege was extended to the Chief Justice of Can.ada, the Judges of 
the Supreme aud Exchequer Courts of Canada, and to the Chief Justices and Judges of the .Supreme Courts of 
Ontario, Nova Scotia. New Brunswick, British Columbia, Prince Edward's Island, Saskatchewan, and Alberta; 
also to the Chief Justices and Judges of the Court of King's Bench, the Suiierior C'ourt of Quebec, thn Circuit 
Court of the District of Montreal, the Courts of King's Bench and of Appeal in Manitoba, the Court of Appeal 
and the Supreme Court of British Columbia, and the Chancery Court of Prince Edward's Island. Retired Judges 
of these Courts may also be permitted to use the title. 

+ This statement having been challenged, we in 1004 re-applied to the Lord Chamberlain, and were 
assured in answer that "younger sons and daughters styled Lord or Lady, and eldest sons bearing special courtesy- 
Ditles, are entitled to the term lit. Hon. or the substituted article," though this is simply " a matter of usage as is 
the courtesy-title itself.'' 


" Hon. Sir," provided that his " Hon." is the mark of a Peer's son and not of a mere 

The article " The " when prefixed to "Lord or " Lady " is a conventional substitute 
for "Rt. Hon.," and the combination '^ The Lady" must, therefore, not be applied to 
the wife of a Baronet or Knight. Nevertheless "The Hon.," "The Hon. Lady," and 
"The Dowager Lady" (though only a Baronetess) are correct forms in addressing. 

Peers' Issue with Cooritkst-Titles. — We first note that some of these are heirs 
to peerages, while others are never likely to be such. In the case of eldest sons, 
those of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take as a general rule the second titles of their 
respective fathers, for nearly all the higher Peers possess at least two, and some of them 
quite a multiplicity. But no law exists in the matter, though each family has usually its 
established custom. With some of them two titles are adopted alternately, and in some 
instances again we find that when an eldest son has been removed by death, then his 
son if he leaves one— or in default of such his next brother — may either step into his 
title or take some other if there are three or more (thus, the present Duke of West- 
minster, during heirdom, continued to be called "Viscount Belgrave," his title during 
the life of his father. Earl Grosvenor). But we find deviations more or less from any 
of the titles of the fathers, as when the word "Lord" or "Viscount" is prefixed 
to the family name (as is almost regularly done when the Peer bears no third title, 
and is, say, both Earl and Viscount by an identical designationjWhilst in the cases 
of the Devon, Lindsey, and Temple earldoms it is the only possible course, as tliose 
peerages have no second title attached); or in such cases as "Viscount Morpetli " 
instead of " Viscount Howard of Mor] leth " for the son of the Earl of Carlisle, or " Lord 
Inverurie" instead of "Lord Keith of Inverurie" for the late son of the Earl of 
Kintore : again, " Lord Dromore " (instead of "Lord Gillford") for the present Earl of 
Clanwilliam whilst an heir. Courtesy-titles can be bestowed also upon a grandson who is 
the eldest son of the heir, but never upon any collateral relative, even a brother (son of a 
previous Peer), who may be a presumptive heir. Again, in the Scottish Peerage the eldest 
sons of Viscounts and Barons are usually known by the term "Master of " prefixed to the 
titles of their fathers — this term having formerly been sometliing more than a term of 
courtesj', for its holders were entitled to sit and vote in the Scottish Parliament in 
the absence of their fathers, and on some occasions even in their xore.sence : at one 
time, too, we read that this title was assigned to the next brother of a Lord. The 
younger sons of Dukes and Marquesses only are distinguished by the word "Lord" 
before their Christian names ; whilst the younger sons of Earls and all sons of Vis- 
counts and Barons (except as just noticed for the Scottish custom, and see under 
"Capell, Baron") are known as "The Honourable." Returning to grandsons, we 
observe that the eldest son. of the eldest son of a Duke (Somerset excepted, though here 
either the Crown or the freedom allowed by conventionality would probably soon 
meet the difiiculty) is sure to hold some title of the grandfather ; and so vvith the 
grandson of a Marquess if the son's courtesy-title is " Earl," but not if it is 
" Viscount " (just as witli the sons of an actual Viscount), though in the Scottish 
Peerage the eldest son of even a Baron by Courtesy (an Earl's grand.son usually) 
may be called " Master ; " and again the younger sons of an eldest son of a Duke are also 
designated in accordance with the style of their father : if he is called a Marquess they 
will prefix " Lord " to their names, but if an Earl they can only be "Honourable." 
Similarly the yoimger sons of the eldest son of a Marquess (who will be styled 
either "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord") can in any case be only " Honourables, " as 
are all the sons of the eldest sons of Earls (for such eldest sons cannot possibly be 
styled higher than Viscounts, and the sons of a Viscount are all called Honourables) ; 
whilst the offspring of the younger sons of all Peers and of all sons of Viscounts and 
Barons are Esquires only. One more illustration : though the eldest son of a Duke may 
be "Marquess," his eldest son "Earl," "Viscount," or "Lord," and his next son 
"Lord John," the i/oi/nf/cr sons of the Duke can never be hjgher than "Lord John," 
and the sons of any "Lord John" (mly Esquires. What may require to be particu- 
larly noticed is the difference between " Lord " of an eldest son and " Lord John " of 
a younger, the issue of the former being " Honourable." but not those of the latter. 
The daughters of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls take the prefix "The Lady" before 
their Christian names, whilst those of Viscounts and Barons take "Honourable" 
like the sons. It will be observed, as already comrnented upon, that in the ^ 
of Earls the daughters thus receive technically a higher distinction than the sons, 
being treated exactly as the daughters of Dukes and Marquesses, whilst the sons 

Nomenclature of Peers^ Belatives. 29 

obtain only the title asoigned to those of Viscounts and Barons ; but this partiality 
is only a part of that general anomaly noticed above, in virtue of which the 
daughter of every Peer ranks one degree higher than the younger sons — an Earl's 
daughter is "born in the degree of a Viscountess," whereas these sons are in 
that of Barons only. The distinction has tlie effect of rendering the term "Lord" 
(before a Christian name) very much less frequent than that of "Lady," and 
in consequence of greater apparent honour; whilst the term "Lady," as we have 
already remarked,~is of extremely wide application — being borne, though without the 
prefix "The," by even the wife of a Knight Bachelor — and when the daughter of a 
Baron marries a Baronet or Knight and thus becomes "The Honourable Lady," 
we see that the word "Honourable," which marks her lineage, is really of the 
higher value of the two (similarly, if the widow of a Baronet or Knight remarries to 
even the younger son of a Baron, she gains in precedence by becoming "Hon." 
instead of "Lady"). Granddauyhtcrs, the offspring of the eldest son of a Duke 
or Marquess, are styled "The Lady" if their father's title is either "Marquess" or 
"Earl," but if it is only " Viscoimt," then they, with all offspring of the eldest son of 
an Earl, are "Honourable" only. No grandchildren of Viscounts or Barons bear any 
title as such. It must again be noted that a courtesy-title, either of male or female, 
does not always determine its holder's precedence, for a Duke's son, for instance, will 
rank as equal with a Marquess though termed only " Lord," and the Duke's eldest son's 
eldest son will be level with an Earl even if termed only " Honourable : " what is said of 
the mfe's rank at the end of the notes upon the next page is a favour to certain married 
ladies. As to the occasional instances in which the term " Lord " or even a higher title 
is found applied to an heir of a Viscoimt or Baron, there are various ready explanations : 
first, and most frequently, the title belongs to some higher rank held by the father 
under another Peerage (say Scottish or Irish) ; secimdly, the mother of the heir may 
be a Peeress in her own right, and the heir's title may be obtained upon her side in- 
stead of the father's; thirdly, a Scottish Lord of Session may be the heir. The Courtesy- 
Titles in present use, together with all other subsidiary titles of Peers which we 
believe to be extant, will be found in their respective alphabetical positions in 
the following Directoky. Most of the higher Peers hold three or four of these titles ; 
and some of those of Scotland, besides the Marquess of Lansdowne, have as many 
as ten and upwards, the Duke of Atlioll even exceeding twenty. 

On the Marriage of Peeresses, &c.— The most essential rules may be thus briefly 
specified : 

The -wife of a Peer takes the regular feminine of his ovv'n title, wholly irrespective of 
what she was before (but see below as to some rare exceptions made by etiquette) ; a 
Baroness being styled " Tlie Right Hon. Lady." 

The wife of a Peer's eldest son bearing one of his father's titles will take the feminine 
form also unless her previous rank was higher than his ; but if, though eldest and 
heir, he is simply "Hon.," she, if herself not higher, becomes "the Hon. Mrs." 
with no Christian name. 

The vdfe of a Baronet or Knight is styled " Lady " unless she is the daughter of a Peer, 
when she may be "The Lady Anne," "The Hon. Ladj^," &c. (see next page). 

We have now to amplify these rules. A Peeress in her own Right retains- her title after 
marriage, and if her husband's rank is the superior she is designated by the two titles 
jointly, the inferior one last : her hereditary claim still holds good in spite of any 
marriage whether higher or lower. No rank held by a woman can confer any title or 
even precedence upon her husband ; but the rank of a Peeress in her own right is 
inherited by her eldest son (or perhaps daughter), to whomsoever she may have been 
married. With a Peer's widow who rc-marrics the case is in appearance the same as to 
retention of a former superior title ; but it is so bjr etiquette only, for even if she 
is a Duchess married to a Baron it will be as a Baroness only that she will be summoned 
to any royal function, although conventionally she will be known by whichever title 
is the higher, and if both are the s.ime in degree, that of her husband will naturally 
be used. But in strictness, whether her second marriage is to a Peer, to a Lord 
by Courtesy, or to a cominoner, she forfeits whatever title she had acquired by 
her former marriage, and comes to her second husband in precisely the same rank 
in which she came to her first (which, if she is also a Peer's daughter, may be higher 
than that derived from her late Peer-husband), though custom usually gratifies her by 

30 Introdwtinn. 

continuing the recent honour if desired. If tlie loidoiu of a Lord by Courtesy, the same 
remarks will apply to her re-marriage to any person but an actual Peer. Similarly any 
daughter of a Peer, upon marrying an actual Peer, take.s the rank of her husband, 
whether it exalts or lowers her ; if she marries a Lord holding the special courtesy-title 
of an eldest son, she may either take the feminine of that title and thus take its rank 
(governed by that inherited from the father and not by the accident of its own style as 
Earl, Viscount, &c.), or she may retain her own rank if the higher by pi-efixing her 
Christian name to her husband's courtesy-title (on the diverse practice see "Ingestre," 
under "Shrewsbury");* lastly, if she marries any person other than a Peer or a.n 
eldest son holding a distinctive courtesy-title, she then at the least retains her own 
rank, a,s denoted by "The Lady Alice" or "The Hon. Mrs. John," and will rise 
with hijii if previously beneath him, so that if lately "Hon." only she may become 
"The La,dy " (a " Lady" marrying a Knight or Baronet continues "The Lady Alice " 
with only change of surname, whilst an "Hon." becomes "Hon. Lady" without 
Christian name, the " Hon." marking her descent and the " Lady " her married status, 
which in the other case has to be absorbed ). But a married lady will never retain such a 
style as "the Hon. Alice; "and though, as stated under our "rules," the "John" will be 
omitted if he is the eldest living son of aliving Peer, itmust not be omitted, nor "Alice" 
substituted, on the ground of his being a commonei: himself : we. give this on the direct 
authority of the late Lord Chamberlain. The variations here, however, require scrupulous 
care, complicated by the anomalous fact that any Peer's daughter ranks one degree higher 
than either of the same Peer's younger sons (though his heir is her equal): the daughter 
of a Duke ranks higher than the younger son of a Duke, and thus retains her own 
Christian name in preference to his ; but the daugliter of a Marquess ranks only 
as equal to a Duke's younger son, and consequently may take either Ms or her oion 
Christian name after "The Lady" [his as a rule). We may put the ordinary practice 
upon marriage with younger sons more concisely thus : 

A Peer's daughter entitled "Lady" Mall on marriage become "The Lady John" if 
her husband's father was of higher rank than her own father, but will remain "The 
Lady Alice " if it was either the same or inferior : there is, however, an option of 
either style (but regvilarly the husband's) if higher by only one degree.f 

If entitled "Honourable" she will become " Tlie Lady John" on marrying a Peer's son 
designated "Lord John," but on marrying either another "Honourable" or a 
commoner she will be "The Hon. Mrs. John." 

It may be added to the above remarks that the widoio of either a Lord by Courtesy or a 
younger son forfeits upon a second marriage any right to a title which had accrued to her 
by a first (as distinct from one which was her own by birth), though here again custom 
humours her by continuing the courtesy-title or the prefix " The Lady," but not 
that of "Honourable," which, however, many ladies still strive desperately to retain. 
The daughter of a Peer who previously herself bore the title "Honourable" will 
on marrying a "Sir" become "The Hon. Lady B.," whilst if her previous title was 
"Lady" (with a Christian name) she will be entitled "The Lady Alice B.," 
disregarding the " Sir." A commoner marrying any person of title whatever follows her 
husband's style exacJ?^, from " Duchess " downward to "The Lady Jo/^^B." or "The Hon. 
Mrs. Charles B." (thus the wife of an Earl's younger son is "Hon. "only). As to the hus- 
band's Christian names, they may not always be needed after " Mrs." if no uncei-tainty is 
caused by their omission, and in point of fact they are very frequently omitted even when 
uncertainty is caused ; the wife of an eldest son, however, is correctly treated as the " Hon. 


regardle . . 

there denoted is confined to those cases in which a lady can retain her former style for the express purpose of 
keeping herself superior to her unfortunate husband. 

t Only a knowledge of individual instances can sometimes decide as lo the exercise of this option. Two of the 
late Lord Salisbury's sons, as well as his brother, are married to Earls' daughters, but one of these is known as 
Lady Florence arid the others as Lady Robert and Lady Eustace. But the reason for the exception soon becomes 
evident : Lady Flonaice's husband is known as the Rt. Rev. Lord William Cecil, and there is another Lord Wm. 
Cecil, sou of the 3rd Marquess of Exeter; the "Rt. Rev." distinguishes the husbands, but two " Lady Williams" 
would be confusing. So the widow of Lord D.avid Kennedy is known liy preference as Lady Mary Kennedy. 
Sometimes the option is extended to oth«r cases, And a wife gracefully Mu!t-< her own nink in orcier to sta.nri 
exactly on the level of her husband : thus Lady Maud Dundas, thougn a Marquess e dauehter, took tne courtesy- 
litle of Viscountess Milton until she became Countess FitzmUiam. It has been amusingly remarked that if a 
Lady Prances, the daughter of a Duke, were to marry Lord Francis, the youni;er son of a Marquess, she would 

sink two degrees in rank if she called herself Lady Francis instead of Fran 

Nomenclature of Peers' Relatives. 

Mrs." of the surname, and accordingly the v,nie of a Scottish " Blaster " (himself always 
' ' Honourable ") will be styled '" The Hon. Mrs. N. ," unless, of course, she was previously 
" The Lady ; " and here we may remai-k that such forms as " The Mistress of Napier," 
"of Gray," or "of Sinclair," found occasionally in 'Burke,' are applied not to the wife 
of a " Master," but to the Peer's eldest daughter in the absence of a son. A late Lord 
Chamberlain further informed us in 1905, and his successor distinctly confirmed it in 
1907, that the rule as to omitting the Christian name from the wife of an eldest son 
does not apply to husbands lower than the Peerage, so that even the wife of the heir to a 
baronetcy is strictly "Mrs. John B." (however conventionality may incline). The 
above rules show that whilst a lady may often rise by marriage, there is only one case ip 
which she can sink by it— that, namely, in which a Peer's daughter marries an actual 
Peer of a rank two steps lower than her father's. A Duke's daughter is "born in the 
degree of a Marchioness," and it has been remarked that if a Duke had four daughters 
the three eldest of whom married an Earl, a Viscount, and a Baron, while the youngest 
married her father's footman, this last would retain her original rank, whilst the others, 
though wedded to Peers of the Realm, would all have sunk respectively one, two, and 
three degrees beneath her. 

A morganatic marriage, a German institution not specifically recognised in this 
country, is one expressly entered into as such on account of the lower rank of the wife ; 
it is lawful wedlock and renders the offspring legitimate, but excludes both them and 
their mother from any claim to the father's rank or inheritable property, and compels 
himself un marriage to renounce any claim he might possess to succession. 

Peers' Wtnows.— The use of the word "Dowager" or a substitute therefor may 
cause perplexity ; moreover, there is undoubtedly an antipathy to this term on the part 
of those ladies who have a horror of being considered old, so tliat it is desirable to use it 
with care, though, as being a form in use in the Court Circular, it ought not to 
give offence when correctly applied. So long, then, as the new Peer or Baronet is 
unmarried, the widow of his predecessor is styled precisely as when her husband was 
living, even if there co-exists a widow of a still earlier Peer ; but as soon as (and for so 
long as) a new possessor of her title appears she must be distinguished in some way. If 
she is either mother or grandmother of the new Peer or Baronet she then rightly takes 
the above designation of Dowager ; but if she is only collaterally related, or stepmother, 
or if she is the Peer's or Baronet's modier whilst his grandmother is also living, then 
she takes the style "Mary Lady A.," "Catherine Countess of B. " &c. ; the elder 
lady in the latter case continuing to be " Dowager." 




I. Titles on the Roll of the House op Loeds. 

When the House appoints a Select Committee, the Lords appointed are named in the order of their ranis, 
beginning with the highest; but when the whole House is called over the call begins with the Junior Baron. 
[Additions m square brackets are editorial, whilst we have substituted the more definite term " Earon " for that of 

Lord, which is used in the Roll.] 

Royal Princes. 

1 H.E.H. The Prince of Wales 

2 H.R.H. The Duke of Con- 

naught and Stratheam 

3 The Duke of Albany 

Archbishops and High State 

4 Archbishop of Canterbury 

5 The Lord High Chancellor 

(Lord Fiulay) 

6 Archbishop of Tork 

7 The Lord President of the 

Council (Earl Curzon of 

8 The Lord Privy Seal (Earl 

of Crawford) 


9 Norfolk [a Minor], Earl 

JIarshal of England * 

10 Somerset 

1 1 Richmond and Gordon 

12 Grafton 

13 Beaufort 

14 Saint Albans 

15 Leeds 

16 Bedford 

17 Devonshire 

18 Marlborough 

19 Rutland 

20 Brandon {D. 0/ Hamilton) 

21 Portland 

22 Manchester 

23 Newcastle 

24 Northumberland 

25 H.R.H. The Duke of Cum- 

berland and Teviotdale 

26 Wellington 

27 Sutherland 
20 Westminster 
— [Fife, Dchss.] 

29 Argyll 


30 Winchester 

31 Lansdowne 

32 Townshend, Maiq. 

33 Salisbury 

34 Bath 

35 Abercorn {Duke of A.) 
-36 Hertford 

37 Bute 

38 Exeter 

39 Northampton 

40 Camden, Marq. 

41 Anglesey 

42 Cholmondeley 

43 Ailesbm-y 

44 Bristol 

45 Ailsa 

46 Normanby 

47 Ripon 

48 Abergavenny 

49 Breadalbane 

50 Dufferin and Ava 

51 Zetland 

52 Linlithgow 

53 Crewe 

54 Lincolnshire 

5i Aberdeen and Temair 

56 Cambridge 

57 Milford Haven 

58 Carisbrooke 


59 The Master of the Horse (Earl 

of Chesterfield) 

60 Shrewsbury 

61 Derby 

62 Huntingdon 

63 Pembroke and Montgomery 

64 Devon 

65 Suffolk and Berkshire [n 

66 Denbigh 

67 Westmorland 

68 Lindsey 

69 Stamford 

70 Winchilsea and Nottingham 

71 Chesterfield (=59) 

72 Sandwich 

73 Essex 

74 Carlisle 

75 Doncaster {D. of Buccleuch 

ajid Queensberry) 

76 Shaftesbiu'y 

77 Berkeley 

78 Abingdon 

79 Scarbrough 

80 Albemarle 

81 Coventry 

82 Jersey 

83 Poulett, Earl 

84 Mar [Elected for Scotld.) 

85 Rothes {Elected for Scotld.) 
85 Morton {Elected for Scotld.) 
87 Mar and Kellie {Elected foi 

89 Lauderdale {Elected for 

go Lindsay {Elected for Scotld.) 

91 Northesk {Elected for Scotld.) 

92 Dundonald {Elected for 


93 Fen'ers, Earl 

94 Dartmouth 

95 Tankerville 

96 Aylesford 

97 Stanhope, Earl 

98 Macclesfield 

99 Graham, Earl {D. of Montrose) 
00 Waldegrave, Earl 

101 Ashburnham 

102 Harrington 

103 Portsmouth 

104 Brooke, Earl 


105 Buckinghamshire 


Fitzwilliam, Earl 

107 Guilford 

108 Hardwicke 

109 Ilchester 

110 De La WaiT, Eari [a 3Iinor] 

111 Radnor 

112 Spencer, Earl 

113 Bathurst, .Eaj'i 

114 Hillsborough (if/, of Dovjn- 


115 Clarendon 

116 Mansfield 

117 Strange, Earl {D. of Atholl) 

118 Mount Edgcumbe 

119 Foiteseue, Earl 

120 Carnarvon 

121 Cadogan, Earl 
12'2 Malmesbury 

123 V^<i>itxiiea.t\i{ElectedforIreld.) 

124 Cavan {Elected for It eld.) 

125 Mro^heAa. (.Elected for L-eld.) 

126 Darnley {Elected for Ireld.) 

127 Lanesborough {Elected for 


128 Kiug.ston (Elected for Ireld.) 

129 Mayo {Elected for Ireld.) 

130 Wicklow {Elected for Ireld.) 

131 Lucan {Elected for Ireld.) 

132 Bandon {Elected for Ireld.) 

133 Rosslyn 

134 Craven 

135 Onslow 

136 Romney 

137 Chichester 

138 Wilton ■ 

139 Powis 

140 Nelson, Earl 

141 Rosse {Elected for Iield.) 

142 Man vers, Earl 

143 Orford 

144 Grey, Earl 

145 Lonsdale 

146 Harrowby 

147 Harewood 

148 Minto 

149 Cathcart, Earl 

150 Venilam 

151 Brownlow, Earl 

152 St. Germans 

153 Morley 

154 Bradford 

J5.S Beauchamp, Earl 

156 El don 

157 Howe, Earl 

158 Stradbroke 

159 Temple of Stowe, Earl 

160 Kilmorey {Elected for Irtll.) 

161 Vane, Earl {M. of London- 

162 Amherst, Earl llerry) 

163 Cawdor, Eari [a Miner] 

164 Munster 

165 Camperdown ' 
i66 Lichfield 

Roll of the House of Lords. 



Durham 1 

Granville, Earl ! 

Efimgham j 



Innes, Earl [D. of Roxburgh''?) , 







Cowley, Earl 

Winton {E. of Eglintoun 

fEgiinton & Winton]) 
Russell, Earl 
[Cromartie, Gtss. of] 

Feversham [a Minor] 
CaiiTis, Earl 
Sondes, Earl 
Cranbrook [a Minor] 
[Roberts, Ctsa.] 

Midlothian (Rosebery) 
Lorebum, Earl 
'Qvix.'isej , Earl 
Curzon of Kedleston ( = 7 

Earl G. oils..) Earl 
TOtchenerof IQiartoum, Earl 
St. Aldwyn, Earl [a Minor] 
Athlone, Earl of 
The Lord Steivard of thA 

Household (Vise. Farquhar) 
The Lord Chamberlain of the 

Household(Visc. Sandhurst "i 

Falkland [Elected for Scot Id.) 
Bolingbrobe and St. John 

[vaca?it o;» Roll] 

De Veaci (Elected for Ir-ld.) 
Bangor (Elected for Irekl.) 
St. Vincent 









Ridley [a Minor] 

Colville of CulroBS 





Morley of Blackburn 














Grey of Fallodon 

Sandhurst ( = 209) 




Farquhar ( 



(Elected for 

Hutchinson {E. of Donough- 
Clancarty (Earl of C.) 
Hi 11 











St. Asaph 

274 Bath and WeUs 




St. Albans 


St. Davids 







282 Manchester 

283 Southwell 

284 CarUsle 







289 Ely 





292 Lincoln 

[De Ros, Bnss.] 

Hastings [Bnss.] 

[Fauconberg and Couyers, 
[Furnivall, Bnss.^ 
De Clifford [a Mikor] 
Clinton [Bnss.] 

[Zouche of Haryngworth, 
[Beaumont, Bnss.] 
Grey de Ruthyn 

— [Daroy de Knayth, 5««s.] 

300 Dudley 

301 Botreaux [E. of Loudoun) 

302 Camoys 

— [Berkeley, Bnss.] 

303 Latj-mer 

304 Berners 

305 Willoughby de Broke 

306 Vaux of Harrowden 

— [Wentworth, Bnss:] 

307 Braye 

308 Burgh 

309 Wharton 

310 North 

311 St. John of Bletso 

312 Howard de Walden 

313 Petre {a Minor] 

314 Saye and Sele 

315 Ai'undell of Wardour 

— [Clifton, Bnss.] 

316 Dormer 

317 Teynham 

318 Stafford 

319 BjTon 

— [Lucas, Bnss.] 

320 CUfford of Chudleigh 

321 Barnard 

322 Forbes (Elected for Scotld.) 

323 Saltoun (Elected for Scotld.) 

324 Sinclair (Elected for Scotld.) 

325 Sempill {Elected for Scotld.) 

326 Balfour of Burley [Burleigh] 

(Elected for Scotld.) 

327 Fairfax of Cameron (Elected 

for Scotld.) 

328 Belhaven and Stanton 

(Elected for Scotld.) 

329 Boyle (E. of Oorkand Orrery) 

330 Hay (E. of Kinnoul [Kin- 

7wull]) [a Minor] 

331 Middleton 

332 Monson 

333 Ponsonby (E.of Bessborovgh) 

334 Boston 

335 Lovel and HoUand (E. of 
335 Vernon [Egmont, 

337 Digby 

338 Hawke 

339 Foley 

340 Dinevor [Dynevor] 

341 Walsingham 

342 Bagot 

343 Southampton 

344 Grantley 

345 Rodney 

346 Somers 

347 Berwick 

348 Sherborne [Minor] 

349 Tyi-one (M. of Waterjord) [a 

350 Carleton (E. of Shannon) [a 

351 Suffield [Minor] 

352 Kenyon 

353 Braybrooke 

354 Fisherwick (M. of Donegall) 

[a Minor] 

355 Gage (Visct. G.) 

356 Thurlow 

357 Auckland 

358 Mendip ( Visct. Olifden) 

359 Stuart of Castle Stuart (E. of 


360 Stewart of Garlies (F. of 


361 Saltersford (E. of Conrtowr) 

362 Brodrick ( Visct. Midleton) 



363 Calthoi-pe 

436 Methuen 

507 Haldon 

364 Bolton 

437 Stanley of Alderley {Bn. 

508 Wimbome 

365 Lilford 

438 Leigh [Sheffield) 

509 Lamington 

366 Ribblesdale 

439 Wenlock 

510 Trevor 

367 Inchiquin (Elected for Ireld.) 

440 Lurgan 

511 Braboume 

368 Famham {Elected for Ireld.) 

441 Monteagle of Brandon 

512 Ampthill 

369 Muskerry {Elected for Ireld.) 

442 Seaton 

513 Tweeddale {3Iarq. ofT.) 

370 Kilmaine {Elected for Ireld.) 

443 Oxenf oord {E. of Stair) 

514 Eeay 

371 Croiton {Elected for Ireld.) 

444 Vivian 

515 Derwent 

372 Langford {Elected for Ireld.) 

445 Congleton 

516 Hothfield 

373 Dunalley {Elected for Ireld.) 

446 Bellew {Elected for Ireld.) 

517 Tweedmouth 

374 Loftus {31. of El!/) 

447 Elgin {E. of Elgin and Kin- 

448 De Freyne [cardine) 

518 Tennyson 

375 Abercromby 

519 Strathspey 

376 Ellenborough 

449 Saint Leonards 

520 Monk Bretton 

377 Sandys 

450 Eaglan 

521 Northboume 

378 Erskine 

451 Kenmare (^fflW 0/^.) 

522 Sudley {E. of Arran) 

379 Monteagle {31. of Sligo) 

452 Belper 

453 Talbot de Malahide 

523 Powerscoiu-t 

380 Granard {Earl of G.) 

524 Northington {Bn. Henley) 

381 Gardner [vacant] 

454 Ebuiy 

525 Eothschild 

526 Eevelstoke 

382 Manners [Ireld.) 

455 Chesham 

456 Chelmsford 

383 Castlemaine {Elected fir 

527 Monkswell 

384 Decies {Elected for Ireld.) 

457 Chui'ston 

528 Ashbourne 

385 Meldrum {M. of Huntly) 

458 Leconfleld 

529 Saint Oswald 

386 Grinstead {E. of EnnisUllen) 

459 Tredegar ^ . 

530 Deramore 

387 Foxford {E. of Limerick) 

460 Bgerton 

531 Montagu of Beaulieu 

388 HaiTis 

461 Lyveden 

532 Elphinstone 

389 Colchester 

462 Brougham and Vaux 

533 Herschell 

390 Ker {31 of Lothian) 

463 Kinnaird 

53d Hillingdon 

391 Minster {3Iarq. Gonyngham) 

464 Westbury 

535 HindUp 

392 Ormonde {3Iarq. of 0.) 

465 Annaly 

536 Grimthorpe 

393 Wemyss {Earl of W.) 

466 Eomilly [a 3finor] 

537 Stalbridge 

538 Kensington 

394 Silchester {E. of Longford) 

467 Meredyth {Bn. Athlumney) 

468 Kenry {E. of Dunraven and 

[a 3Imor] 

539 Hamilton of Dalzell 

395 Oriel {Visct. Massereene) 

396 Eavensworth 

Mount Earl) 

540 Bowes {E. of Strathmore and 

469 Monck {Visct. 31.) 

Kinghorn [Kinghorne]) 

397 Delamere 

398 Forester 

470 Hartismere {Bn. Hmniker) 

541 Monckton {Visct. Galway) 

471 Hylton 

542 Saint Levan 

399 Eayleigh 

400 Giflord 

472 Penrhyn 

543 Magheramome 

473 Brancepeth {Visct. Boyne) 

544 Basing 

401 "Wigan (=8 ; -B. of Crawford) 

474 Ormathwaite 

545 De Eamsey 

546 Cheylesmore 

402 Ranfurly {Earl ofR.) 

475 O'Neill 

403 Tenterden 

476 Napier [of Magdala] 

547 Addington 

548 Savile 

404 Pluiiket 

477 Gonnanston ( Tiscf . G.) 

405 Hej'tesbxiry 

478 EaX-h&omieA{ElectedforIreld) 

549 Mount Stephen 

406 Clanwilliam {Earl of C.) 

479 Lawrence 

550 Masham 

407 Wynford 

408 Kilmamock {E. of Erroll) 

480 Dunning {Bn. Bollo) 

- [Macdonald of EamscUffe. 

481 Balinhard {E. ofSouthesk) 


409 Fingall {Earl of t .) 

482 Hare {E. of Listowel) 

551 Ashcombe 

410 Sefton {Earl of S.) 

483 Howard of Glossop 

552 Blythswood 

411 Clements {E. of Leitrim) 

484 Castletown 

553 Crawshaw 

412 Kenlis {31 of Headfort) 

485 Acton 

— [Amherst of Hackney, Bnss.] 
554 Newton 

413 Chaworth {E. of 3Ieath) 

486 Wolverton 

414 Dunmore {Earl of D.) 

487 Greville 

488 O'Hagan 

555 Dunleath 

556 Playfair 

415 Poltimore, 

416 Mostyn 

489 Ettrick {Bn. Napier [of 3Ier. 

557 Swansea 

417 Templemore 

418 CloncuiTy 

chistoun, Bn. Napier and 

558 Farrer 


559 Stanmore 

419 De Saumarez 

490 Somerton {E. of Normanton) 

560 Loch 

420 Denman 

491 Aberdare 

561 Ashton 

421 Abinger 

492 Moncreiflf 

562 Burghclere 

422 De L'Isle and Dudley 

493 Coleridge 

563 Eathmore 

423 Ashburton 

494 Emly 

564 .lldenham 

424 Hatherton 

495 Cottesloe 

565 Heneage 

425 Worlingham {E. of Gosford) 

426 Stratheden [and Campbell] 

496 Hampton 

566 Eosmead 

497 Douglas {E. of Home) 

498 Eamsay {E. of Dalhousie) 

568 Fairlie {E. of Glasgow) 

427 Oranmore and Browne 

{Elected for Ireld.) 

499 Fermanagh {E. [of] Erne) [a 

569 Dawnay ( Visct. Downe) 

428 Lovat 


570 Ludlow 

429 Bateman 

500 Harlech 

571 Holm Patrick [HolmPatrick] 

430 Kintore(£'ario/ii:.) 

501 Alington 

572 Inverclyde 

431 llossmore 

502 ToUemache 

— [Burton, Bnss.] 

432 Carew 

503 Gerard 

573 Newlands 

433 De Mauley 

504 Sackville 

576 Curzon of Kedleston {Elected 

434 Wrottesley 

505 Norton 

577 Glanusk [for Ireld. = 204) 

578 Cranworth 

435 Sudeley 

506 Shute {Visct. Barrington) 


Boll of the Lords — Scottish Peerage. 


617 Marohamley 

618 Holden 

— [Corcliester, Bnss.] 

579 Avebury 

580 Lindley [Life Peer] \ 619 St. David 

581 Killanin 620 Pentland 
[Strathcona andMountEoyal! 621 Gorell 


583 Shuttleworth 

584 Allerton 

585 Barrymore 

586 Greii'fell 

587 Redesdale 

588 Bumham 

589 Biddulph 

590 Armstrong 

591 Dunedin 

592 Leith of Fyvie 

593 Atkinson [Life Peer] 

594 Ritc?iie of Dundee 

595 Sanderson 

596 Waleran 

597 Knaresborough 

598 NortLcliffe 

599 Iiliolielbam 

600 Paber 

6oi Desborongh 

602 Fitzmaurioe 

603 Weardale 

604 Haversbam 

605 Hemphill 

606 Joicey 

607 Nunburnholme 

608 Colebrooke 

609 Courtney of Penwth 

610 Eversley 

611 Pirrie 
6i2 Airedale 

613 Swaythling 

614 Blyth 

015 Pe 

6l6 Ml 

This number i 

{B,it:s:\\ 622 Shaw (L''fe Peer) 

623 Desart [Earl of D.] 

624 Fisher 

625 Kilbraeken 

626 Islington 

627 Southwark 

628 Ilkeston 

629 Eotherham 

630 Furness 

631 Willingdon 

632 Hardinge of PenshiU'st 

633 De Villiers 

634 Eobson {Life Peer) 
j 635 Glenconner 

636 Mountgarret [Visct. M.] 
I 637 Aberconway 
i 638 St. Audries 

639 Stamfordbam 

640 Merthyr 
; 641 Incbcape 
1 642 Rowallan 

643 Ashton of Hyde 

644 Charn-wood 

645 Emmott 

646 Strachie 

647 Carmichael 

648 Pontypridd 

649 Hollenden 

650 Butler {E. of CarricJc) 

651 Channing of Wellingborough 

652 Nicholson 

653 Murray of Elibank 

654 Moulton (Life Peer) 

655 Whitburgh 

656 Sydenham of Combe 

657 Rochdale [Peer) 

658 Parker of Waddiugton (Life 

659 Sumner of Ibstone (Life Peer) 

660 Parmoor 
66i Strathclyde 

662 Rotheriiiere 

663 Cozens-Hardy 

664 D'Abemon 

665 Ranksborough 

666 Lyell 

667 Cunliffe 

668 Wrenbury 

669 Buckmaster 

670 Bertie of Thame 

671 Muir Mackenzie 

672 Beresford 

673 Faringdon 

674 Shaughnessy 

675 Rathcreedan 

676 Rhondda 

677 Somerleyton 

678 Carnock 

679 Anslow 

680 Glentanar 

681 Roundway 

682 Finlay 

683 Stuart of Wortley 

684 Beaverbrook 

685 Gainford 

686 Forteviot 

687 Roe 

688 Doverdale 

689 Annesley {Visct. Valentia) 

690 Lambourne 

691 Gisborough 

692 Colwyn 

693 Treowen 

694 Leverhulme 

695 Atholstan 

696 Southborough 

(Nos. 7, 204 and S76). 
(Nos. 8 and 401J. 
(Nos. 208 and 267). 

K„ f i,„ f II -^— t" -3 "T ''.^"^ss °f t^l^e total number of Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the discrepancy being caused 
by the foUowmg Lords bemt: twice named in the Roll; Earl Curzon thrice. vis 

forlrTand) ^^'''''''^"'" ""^ ^°'''' President and as Earl C. of K. and as Lord C. of K. {Elected 

Lord WiganjEarlW Crawford) li^ Lord Privy Seal and as Lord Wigan' .'.' '■'■ '.'. '.. 

Vise. Farquhar as Lord Steward and as Vise. Farquhar ,. u^u». «>.o aou ^^uv,. 

^f4^''!?'^5"'''-*'''i^°-'''^*^'}?'^'^<='^'^'?^°'l'i«^'i«« SanJhurst .. .. .. .. .. .. (Nos. 209 and 263!: 

■uL„^ deduction brings the actual number on the Roll to 685, which has, however, to be further reduced by; 
W^«<,'=^^f'H'^ tr "^n?"ii"5'' r'-'^^"*' ' = '8; after which the net number of Peers free to take part in the 
busmess of the House will be 667, which accords with that given under " House of Lords," page 22.] 

II. Roll of the Scottish Peerage. 

o *!, ,",?^^- , ^ i 20 Eglinton and Winton {E. of, 37 Southesk {Bn. Balinhard) 

X^the^a.y{Pnnce of Wales) Winton) ' 38 Wemyss ayd March {Bn. 

2 Ua.Tai\ton{D. of Brandon) I 21 CassUlis (3/. o/^jYsa) j Wemyss) 

3 Buccleuch and Queensberry 22 Caithness 39 Dalhousie {Bn. Ramsay) 
T ^ "■'' P°^'^'^'^*") \ 23 Moray {Ba. Stuart of Oastle ! 40 Airlie 

4 Lennox {D. of Richrrwnd) Stuart) 41 Carnwath 

24 MarandKellie(iJe;5res.Pee,-) 42 Leven and Melville 

25 Home {Bn. Douglas) \ 43 Dysart 

26 Perth ; 44 Northesk {Repres. Peer) 

27 Strathmore [and Kinghome] '• 45 Newburgh 
{Bn. Bowes) I 46 Dundonald {Repres. Peer) 

28 Abercom {3{arq. of A., Ii\' 47 Kintore {Baro?i K.) 
Duke of A.) : 48 Breadalbane {Marq. ofB.) 

29 Haddington ^ 49 Aberdeen {Marquess of A.) 

30 Galloway {Bn. Stewart of l ^o DnumOTe {Baron D.) 
Gnrlies) \ 51 M.e\ioYt,Gountess of [dormant] 

31 Lauderdale {Repres. Peer) 52 Orkney 

32 Lindsay {Repres. Peer) \ — [Seafleld, Ctss.] 

33 Kinnoull (A,. //a^/) [aMinor]\ 53 gtair {Bn. Oxenfoord) 

5 Argyll {same title in U. K.) 

6 Atholl {Earl Strange) 

7 Montrose {Earl Graham) 

8 Roxburghe {Earl Innes) 


9 Huntly {Bn. jMeldrum) 

10 (Jueensberry 

11 Tweeddale (Baron T.) 

12 Lothian {Bn. Ker) 


13 Crawford and Balcarres {Bn. 


14 Erroli {Bn. Kilmarnock) 

15 Sutherland {Duke of S.) 

16 Mar {Repres. Peer) 

17 Rothes {Repres. Peer) 

18 Morton {Repres. Peer) 

19 Buchan 

34 Loudoun {Hn. Botreaux) 

35 Dumfries and Bute {Marq. ot 


36 Elgin and Kincardine {Bn. 



54 Rosebery {Earl of Midlothian) 

55 Glasgow {Bn. Fairlie) 

56 Hopetoun {Marq. of Linlith- 





57 Falkland [Repres. Peer) 

58 Stormont (E. of Mansfield) 

59 Arbuthnott 

60 Dumblane [Dun-] {D. of 



61 Forbes {Nepres, Peer) 

62 Saltoun {Repres. Peer) 

63 Gyay, Baroness 

64 Cathcart {Earl C.) 

65 Sinclair {Repres. Peer) 

66 Sempill {Repres. Peer) 


67 Herries, Baroness [U. K.) 

68 Elphinstone {same title in 

69 Lovat {same title in U. K.) 

70 TorpMchen 

71 Kinloss, Baroness [O. of O.) 

72 Colville [of Culross] {Visct. 

73 Dingwall {Bnss. Lucas) 

74 Balfour of Burleigh {Repres. 

75 Napier [of Merchistoun] {Bn. 
Ettrich [Napier & Ettrick]) 

76 Fairfax of Cameron (Repres. 

Roll op the Irish Peerage. 

PeerB marked * are not summoned to elections of Representative Peers, havinj? never established their 
right as such (some of them are Minors ; others hold the right by duplicate titles). 

77 Reay {same title in TJ. K.) 

78 Forrester {E. of Verulam, Ir. 
Visct. Grimston) 

79 Mihwak {Visct. E.) 

80 Belhaven and Stenton 
{Repres. Pee)-) 

Bl RoUo {Bn. Dunning) 

82 Euthven 

83 Naime {M. of Lansdowne, Ir. 
E. of Kerry) 

84 Kinnaird {same title in V. K.) 

85 Polwarth 


1 •Leinster ( Visct. L.) 

2 Abercom {Marq. of A., Sc. 

Earl of A.) 


3 *Waterf ord ( Bn. Tyrone [a 


4 Downshire {E. of Hillsborough) 

5 *Donegall {Bn. Eisherwick [a 


6 Headfort {Bn. Kenlis) 

7 Sligo {Bn. MontEagle) 

8 Ely {Bn.Loftus) 

g Londonderry {Earl Vane) 

10 Conyngham, Marq. {Bn. 


11 Ormonde {Baron O.) 


12 "Waterford {E. of Shrewsbury) 

13 Cork [and Orrery] {Bn. Boyle) 
l4Westmeath {Repres. Peer) 

15 *Desmond {E. of Denbigh) 

16 Meath {Bn. Chaworth) 

17 Fingall {Baron F.) 

18 Cavan ( Repres. Peer) 

19 Drogbeda {Repres. Peer) 

20 Granard {Baron ff.) 

21 Fitz-william, Earl {same 

U. K.) 

22 Kerry [and Shelbume] {3r. of 

Lansdowne, Sc. Bji. Nairne) 

23 Damley {Repres. Peer) 

24 Egmont {Bn. hovel and 


25 Bessborongh (Bn. Ponsonby) 

26 Carriok {Bn. Butler) 

27 *Shannon {Bn. Carleton) [a 


28 Lanesborough {Repres. Peer) 

29 *Momington {D. of Wellington) 

30 Arran {Bn. Sudley) 

31 Courtown {Bn. Saltersford) 

32 *Millto-wn [dormant] 

33 Mexborough 

34 *"Winterton, Earl 

35 Kingston (Repres. Peer) 

36 Sefton {Baron S.) 

37 Roden 

38 *Lisbume 

39 ClanwUliam {Baron C.) 

40 Antrim 

41 Longford {Bn. Silchester) 

42 Portarlington 

43 Mayo {Repres. Peer) 

44 *Annesley, Earl 

45 BnniskiUen (Bn. O-rinstead) 

46 Erne, Earl [o/J {Bn. Fer- 


47 Desart (Baron D.) 

48 "Wicklow (Repres. Peer) 

49 Clonmell 

50 Leitrim (Bn. Clements) 

51 Lucan (Repres. Peer) 

52 Belmore 

53 * Armagh (D. of Cumberland) 

54 Bandon (Repres. Peer) 

55 *Gastle Stewart, Earl [Earl 


56 Donoughmore (Fiscf. FTutch- 

57 Caledon 

58 Kenmare (Baron K.) 

59 Limerick {Bn. Foxford) 

60 Clanearty (Visct. C.) 

61 Gosford (Bn. Worlingham) 

62 Rosse (Repres. Peer) 

63 Normanton (Bn. Somerton) 

64 Kilmorey (Repres. Peer) 

65 Dunraven and Mount Earl 

(Bn. Kenry) 

66 Listowel (Bn. Hare) 

67 Norbiuy 

68 Ranfurly (Baron R.) 


69 Gormanston (Baron O.) 

70 Mountgarrett (Baron 31.) 

71 Grandison (E. of .Jersey) 

72 *Valentia (Bn. Annesley) 

73 Dillon 

74 Lumley (E. of Scarlrough) 

75 * Taaffe 

76 *Cholmondeley (Marq. of C.) 

77 Charlemont 

78 Downe (Bn. Dawnay) 

79 Molesworth 

80 Chetwynd 

81 Midleton (Bn. Brodrick) 

82 Boyne {Bn. Brancepeth) 

83 Grimston (E. of Verulam, Sc. 

Bn. Forrester) 

84 Barrington (Bn. Shute) 

85 *Gage (Baron G.) 

86 Galway (Bn. 3fonckton) 

87 Powerscourt (Baron P.1 

88 *Ashbrook 

89 MountmoiTes 

90 Southwell 

91 DeVesci (Repres. Peer) 

92 Lifford 

93 Bingor (Repres. Peer) 

94 Clifden ( Bn. 3Iendip) 

95 Doneraile 

96 'Harbei-ton 

97 Ha warden 

98 [Massereene and] Ferrard 

(Bn. Oriel) 

99 Monok (Baron 31.) 

100 Templetown (Repres. Peer) 

102 Gort 

103 Guillamore 


104 Kingsale, Bn. of 

105 Trimleston [-town] 

106 Dunsany, Bn. of 

107 *Dunboyne, Bn. of 

108 Louth, Bn. of 

109 Lichiquin, Bn. of (Repres. 


110 *Digby (same title in Gt. Br.) 

111 *Sherard 

112 *Conway (31. of Hertford) 

113 *Carbery 

114 *Aylmer 

115 Famham (Repres. Peer) 

1 16 *Lisle 

117 *Clive (E. of Powis) 

118 Mulgrave (31. of Normanby) 

119 Newborough 

120 Macdonald 

121 Kensington (same <rt?e U. K.) 

122 *Westcote (Visct. Cobham) 

123 Massy 

124 Muskerry (Repres. Peer^ 

125 Hood (Visct. H.) 
i26*Sheffield (Bn. Stanley of 


128 Auckland (same title Gt. Br.) 

129 Kilmiiine (Repres. Peer) 

130 Cloncurry (same title U. K.) 

131 Clonbrock 

132 ♦Waterpark 

133 Graves 

134 *Bridport (Visct. B.) 

135 *Huntingfield 

136 *Carrington (Marquess of 


137 Rossmore (same title U. K.) 

138 Hotham 

139 Cremorne (E. of Dartrey) 

140 Headley 

141 Teignmouth 

142 Crofton (Repres. Peer) 

143 Ffrench 

144 Henley (Bn. Northington) 

145 Langtord (Repres. Peer) 

146 De Blaquiere 

147 Dufferin and Clandeboye 

[Claneboye] (31. of Dufferin 
and Ava) 

148 Henniker (Bn. Hartismere) 

149 * Ventry 

Alphabetical Index to the Three Rolls. 


■150 *'Wallscourt 

151 Dunalley {Repres. Peer) 

152 Clanmonis 

153 Radstock 

154 Ashtown 

155 Clarina 

156 *Gardner {vacant — same title 


157 Rendlesham 

158 Castlemaine [Repres. Peer) 

159 Decies {Repres. Peer) 

160 Garvagh 

161 Talbot of Malahide {Talh. de 


162 *Carew {savie title in U. K.) 

163 Oranmore and Browne 

(Repres. Peer) 

164 Bellew {Repres. Peer) 

165 Fermoy 

166 *A.tlilunmey {Bn. Meredyth) 

167 Eathdonnell {Bepres. Peer) 

168 Curzon of Kedleston {Earl C. 

oj K.; Repres. Peer) 


•.♦The letter "S." prefixed to the index figures denotes the Scottish Peerage, "I." the Irish ; all others are of 
the House of Lords. Peeresses (Imperial) are referred to by bracketing the two Nos. between which they faU. 

Aberconway, Bn. 637 
Abercorn, M. of, 35; R . of, 

S. 2S ; D. of, I. 2 
Abercrombv, Bn., 375 
Aberdare, Bn., 491 
Aberdeen, M. of, SS ; B. of, 

S. 49 
Abergavenny, M. of, 48 
Abingdon, E. of, 7S 
Abinger, Bii., 421 
Acton, Bu., 4S5 
Addington, Bn., 547 
Ailesbury, JI. of, 43 
Ailsa, M. of, 45 
Airedale, Bn., 612 
Airlie, E. of, S. 40 
Albany, H.R.H. D. of, 3 
Albemarle, E. of, 80 
Aldenham, Bn., 553 
Alington, Bn., 490 
Allendale, Visct., 254 
Allerton, Bn., 584 
Amherst, Earl, 162 
Amherst of H., Bn& 

Amptbill, Bu., 512 
Ancaster, E. of, ig6 
Anglesey, M. of, 41 
Annaly, Bn., 46s 
Annesley, Earl, 1. 44 
Anslow, Bn., 679 
Antrim, E. of, I. 40 
Arbullmott, Visct., S. 59 
Argyll, D. of, 29, S. 5 
Armagh, E . of, I. 53 
Armstrong, Bn., 590 
Arran, E. of, 1. 30 
Arandell of VV., Bn., 315 
Ashbourne, Bn., 528 
Ashbrook, Visct., I. 8S 
Ashburnham, E. of, 101 
Ashburton, Bn., 423 
Ashcombe, Bn., 551 
Ashtou, Bn., 561 
Ash ton of Hyde, Bn., 643 
Ashtown, Bn., 1. 154 
Astor, Visct,, 268 
Athloue, E. of, 207 
Athlumney, Bn., I. 166 
AthoU, D. of, S. 6 
Atholstan, Bu.,695 
Atkinson, Bu., 593 
Auckland, Bn., 357, 1. i2f 
Avebury, Bn., 579 
Aylesford, E, of, 92 
Aylmer, Bn., I. 114 
Bagot, Bn., 342 
Balfour of B., Bn., 326, S.74 
Balinhard, Bn., 481 
Bandon, E. of, 132, 1. 5i 
Bangor, Bp. of, 279 
Bangor, Visct., 219, I. 93 
Barnard, Bn., 321 
Barrington, Visct., I. 84 
Barrymore, Bn., 585 
Basing, Bn., 544 
Bateraan, Bu., 429 
Batli, M. of. 34 
Bath and W., Bp. of, 274 
Bathurst, Earl, 113 
Beauchamp, Earl, 155 
Beaufort, D. of, 13 

Beaumont, Buss. [296—7] 
Beaverbiook, Bn.. 684 
Bedtord, D. of, 16 
Belhaven aud S., Bn., 328 

Bel'lew, Bn., 446, 1. iH 
Belmore, E. of, I. 52 
Belper, Bn., 452 
Beresford, Bn., 672 
Berkeley, Buss. [302—3] 
Berkeley, E. of, 77 
Berners, Bn., 304 
Bertie of Thame, Bn., 670 
Berwick, Bn., 347 
Bessborough, E. of, I. 27 
Biddulph, Bn., 589 
Blyth, Bn., 614 
Blythswood, Bn., 552 
Bolingbroke and St. J., 

Visct., 212 
Bolton, Bn., 364 
Boston, Bn., 334 
Botreaux, Bn., 301 
Bowes, Bn., 540 
Boyle, Bn., 329 
Boyue, Visct., I. 82 
Brabourne. Bn., 511 
Bradford. E. of, 154 
Braacepeth. Bn., 473 
Brandon, D. of, 20 
Brassey, Earl, 203 
Braybrooke, Bn., 353 
Braye, Bn., 307 
Breadalbane, M. of, 49 

E. of, S. 48 
Bridport, Visct., 233 ; Bn. 

I. 134 
Bristol, M. of, +4 
Brodi'ick, Bn., 362 
Brooke, Earl, 104 
Brougham & V., Bn. 
Brownlow, Earl, 151 
Bryce, Visct., 256 
Buccleuch & Q., D. of, 

Buchan, E. of, S. 19 
Buckinghamshire, E. of. 


1., 669 

Burgh, Bn., :; 
Burghclere, h 
Burnham, Bn., 5SS 
Burton, Buss. [572—3] 
Bute, M. of, 37 
Butler, Bn., 650 
Buxton, Viset., 257 
BjTOn, Bu., 319 
Cadogan, Earl, 121 
Cairns, Earl, 188 

■ hness, E. of, S. 22 
Caledon, E. of, I. 57 
Calthorpe, Bn., 363 
jamb ridge, M, of, 56 
Camden, MarQ., 40 
Camoys, Bn., 302 
Camperdown, E. of, 165 
Canterbury, Abp. of, 4 
Canterbury, Visct., 228 
Carbery, Bn., I. 117 
Carew, Bn., 432, I. 162 
( 'arisbrooke, AI. of, 58 
Carleton, Bn., 350 

Carlisle, Bp. of, 284 
Carlisle, E. of, 74 
Carmichael, Bn., 647 
Carnarvon, E. of, 120 
Carnock, Bn., 678 
Carnwath, E. of, S. 41 
Carriok, E. of, I. 26 
Carrington, Bn., I. 136 
Cassillis, E. of, S. 21 
Castlemaine, Bn., 3S3, 1 

Castlestewart, Earl, I. 55 
Castletown, Bn., 484 
Cathcart, Earl, 149; Bn. 

S. 64 
Cavan, E. of, 124 ; I. iS 
Cawdor, Earl, 163 
Channing of W., Bn., 651 
Chaplin, Visct. , 260 
Charlemont, Visct., I. 77 
Charnwood, Bn., 644 
Chaworth, Bn., 413 
Chelmsford, Bn., 456 
Chesham, Bn., 455 
Chester, Bp. of, 272 
Chesterfield,'E. of, 7i'=-.59 
Chetwynd, Visct., 1. 80 
Cheylesmore, Bn., 546 
Chichester, Bp. of, 290 
Chichester, E. of, 137 
Chilston, Visct. 

Visct., I. 76 
Churchill, Vise, 244 
Churston, Bn., 459 
Clancarty, Visct., 226; E. 

of, I. 60 
Clanmorris, Bn., I. 152 
Clanwilliam, Bn., 406; E, 

", I. 39 
Clarendon, E. of, 115 
Clarina, Bn., I. 155 
Clements, Bn., 411 
Clifdeu, Visct., I. 94 
Clitfordof C, Bn., 320 
CUfton, Bnss. [315-6] 
Clinton, Bn., 296 
Clive, Bn., I. 117 
Clonbrock, Bn., I. 131 
Cloncuri-y, Bn., 418, I. 130 
Clonmell, E. of, I. 49 
Cobham, Bn., 297 
Cobham, Visct., 213 
Colchester, Bn., 389 
Colebrooke, Bn., 608 
Coleridge, Bn., 493 
Colville of C, Visct., 243 

Colwyn, Bn., 692 
Combermere, Visct., 227 
Congleton, Bn., 445 
Connaught & S., H.R.H 

D. of, 2 
Conway, Bn., I. ti2 
Conyngbam, Maro., I. 10 
Cork and 0., E. of, I. 13 
Cottenham, E. of, 178 
Cottesloe, Bn., 495 
Courtney of P., Bu., 609 
Courtown, E. of, I. 31 
Coventry, E. of, Si 
Cowdray, Visct., 264 

Cowley, Earl, 179 
Cozens-Hardy, Bn., 663 
Cranbrook, E. of, 195 
Cranworth, Bn., 578 
Craven, E. of, 134 
Crawford & B., E. of.S. 13 
Crawshaw, Bn., 553 
Cremorne, Bn., 1. 139 
Crewe, M. of, 53 
Crofton, Bn., 371, I. 12 
Cromartie, Ctss.of [182— 3] 
Cromer, E. of, 19S 
Cross, Visct., 236 
Cumberland & T., H.R.H. 

D. of, 25 
Cunliffe, Bn., 667 
Curzon of K., 204, I. 168 

( = 7) 
D'Abernon, Sn., 664 
Dalhousie, E. of, S. 39 
Darcy de Knayth, Bnss. 

Damley, E. of, 126, I. 23 
Dartmouth, E. of, 94 
Dartrey, E. of, 184 
Dawnay, Bn., 569 
De Blaquiere, Bn., I. 146 
Decies, Bn., 384. 1. i59 
De Clifford (de C), Bn., 295 
De Freyue, Bn., 448 
Delamere, Bn., 397 
De La Warr, Earl, 1 10 
De L'Isle and D., Bn., 422 
De Mauley, Bn., 433 
Denbigh, E. ot, 66 
Denman, Bn., 420 
Deramore, Bn., 530 
De Ramsey, Bn., 545 
Derby, B. of, 61 
De Ros (de R.), Bnss. 

Derwent, Bn., 515 
Desart, E. of, 623, I. 47 
De Saumarez, Bn., 419 
Desborough, Bn., 601 
Desmond, E. of, I. 15 
De Vesci (de V.), Visct., 

218, I. 91 
De Villiers, Bn., 633 
Devon, E. of, 64 
Devonport, Visct., 266 
Devonshire, D. of, 17 
I. no 

Dingwall, Bn!, S. 73 
Doucaster, E. of, 75 
Donegall, M. of, I. 5 
Doneraile, Visct., I. 95 
Donoughmore, E. of, I. 56 
Dorchester, Bnss. [578—9] 
Dormer, Bn., 316 
Douglas, Bn., 497 
Doverdale, Bn., 688 
Downe, Visct., I. 78 
DoT.Tlshire, M. of, I. 4 
Drogheda, E. of, 125, I. 19 
Ducie, E. of, 170 
Dvidley, Bn., 300 
Dudley, E. of, 181 
Dufferin & Ava, M. of, 59; 

D. & Claneboye, Bn., I. 




Dumfries & B., E. of, S. 35 
Dunalley, Bn., 373, I. 151 
Dunblane, Viact., S. 60 
Dunboyne, Bn., I. 107 
Du-ndonald, B. of, 92, S. 46 
Dunedin, Bn., 591 
Dunleath, Bn., S5S 
Dunmore, Bn., 474 ; E. of, 

Dunning, Bn., 480 
Dunraven & Mt. E., E., 

Dunsany, Bn., I. 106 
Durham, Bp. of, 270 
Durham, E. of, 167 
Dynevor, Bn., 340 
Dysart, E. of, S. 43 
Ebury, Bn., 454 
Effingham, E. of, 169 
Egerton of T^ Bn., 460 
Eglinton & W., E. of, S. 20 
Egmont, E. of, I. 24 
Eldon, E. of, 156 
Elgin, Bn., 447 ; E. of E. 

and Kinc, S. 36 
Elibank, Visct., 252, Bn. 

Ellenborough, Bn., 376 
EUesmere, E. of, 176 
Elphinstone, Bn.,S32, S.6J 
Ely, M. of, I. S 
Ely, Bp. of, 289 
Emly, Bn., 494 
Emmott, Bn., 645 
Enniskillen, E. ol, I. 45 
Erne, E. of, I. 46 
Erroll, E. of, S. 14 
Erskine, Bn., 378 
E.sher, Visct., 240 
Essex, E. of, 73 
Ettrick, Bn., 489 
Eversley, Bn., 610 
Exeter, M. of, 38 
Exmouth, Visct., 224 
Faber, En., 600 
Fairfax of C, 

Fairlie, Bn., 56a 
Falkland, Visct., 203, S. S7 
Falmouth, Visct., 211 
Faringdon. Bn.,673 
Farnham, Bn., 368. I 
Farquliar, Visct., 267 ( = 
Farrer, Bn., 5-58 [208) 

Fauconberg and Conyei 

Bnss. [294—51 
Fermanagh, Bn., 499 
Fermoy, Bn., I. 165 
Ferrers, Earl. 93 
Feversham. E. of, 185 
Ffrench, Bn., I. 143 
Fife, Dchss. [28—20] 
Fingall, Bn., 409;' E. of, 

I. 17 
Finlay, Bn., 682 (=5) 
Fisher, Bn., 624 
Fisherwick, Bn., 354 
Fitzmaurice, Bn., £02 
Fitzwilliam, Earl, 106, 1. 2 
Foley, Bn., 339 
Forbes, Bn., 322, S. 61 
Forester, Bn., 398 
Forrester, Bn.,'S. 78 
Fortescue, Earl, 119 
Forteviot, Bn., 686 
Foxford, Bn., 387 
French, Visct., 258 
" ISn., 630 

Gage, Bn., 355 ; Visct. 
Gainford, Bn., 685 
Gainsborough, E. of, 175 
Galloway, E. of, S. 30 
Galway, Visct., I. 86 
Gardner, Bn. {dormant). 
381, I. 156 


Garvagh, Bn., 1. 160 
Gerard, Bn., 503 
Gittbrd, Bn., 400 
Gisborough, Bn., 691 
Gladstone, Visct., 250 
Glanusk, Bn., 577 
Glasgow, E. of, S. 56 
Glenconner, Bn., 635 
Glentanar, Bn., 680 
Gloucester, Bp. of, 2S6 
Gorell, Bn., 621 
Goriuanston, En., 477 ; 

Visct., I. 69 
Gort, Visct.j I. 102 

hen, Visct., 241 
Gosford, E. of, I. 61 
Gough, Visct., 231 
Grafton, D. of, 12 
Graham, Earl, go 
Granard, Bn., 380 ; E. of, 

I. 20 
Grandison, Visct., I. 71 
Grantley, Bn., 344 
Granville, Earl, 168 
Graves, Bn., I. 133 
Gray, Bnss., S. 63 
Grenfell, Bn., 586 
Greville, Bn., 487 
Grey, Earl, 144 
Grey de E,., Bn., 299 
Grey of Fallodon, Visct. 

Grimston, Visct., I. S3 
Grimthorpe, Bn., 536 
Grinstead, Bn., 386 
Guilford, E. of, 107 
Guillamore, Visct., I. 103 
Haddington, E. of, S. 29 
Haldane, Visct., 251 
Haldon, Bn., 507 
Halifax, Visct., 232 
Halsbvxry, B. of, 197 
Hambleden, Visct., 237 
Hamilton, D. of, S. 2 
Hamilton of D., Bn., 539 
Hampden, Visct., 335 
Hampton. Bn., 496 
Harberton, Visct., I. 96 
Harcourt, Visct., 265 
Hardinge, Visct., 230 
Hardinge of P., Bn., 632 
Hardwicke, E. of, 108 
Hare, Bn., 482 
Harewood, E. of, 147 
Harlech, Bn.. 500 
Harrington, E. of, 102 
Harris, Bn., 3?8 
Harrowby, E. of, 146 
Harti-smere, Bn., 470 
Hastings, Bn., 294 
Hatherton, Bn., 424 
Hawarden, Visct., I. 97 
Hawke, Bn., 338 
Hay, Bn., 330 
Headfort, M. of, I. 6 
Headley, Bn., 1. 140 
Hemphill, Bn., 605 
Heueage, Bn., 565 
Henley, Bn., I. 144 
Henniker, Bn., I. 148 
Hereford, Bp. of, 275 
Hereford, Visct.. 210 
Herries, Bnss., S. 67 
Herschell, Bn., 533 
Hertford, M. of, 36 
Heytesbury, Bn., 405 
Hill, Visct., 229 
Hillingdon, Bn., S34 
Hillsborough, E. of, 114 
Hindlip, Bn., 535 
Holden, Bn., 618 
HoUenden, Bn., 649 
HolniPatrick, Bn., 571 
Home, E. of, S. 25 
flood, Visct. 217 ; Bn., I 

Honetoan, E.of, S. 56 
Hotham, Bn., I. 138 
Hothfield, Bn., 516 
Howard de W., Bn., 312 
Howard of G., Bn., 483 
Howe, Earl, 15 7 
Huntingdon, E. of, 62 
Huntingtleld, Bn., I. 135 
Huntly, M. of, S. 9 
Hutchinson, Visct., 225 
Hylton, Bn;, 471 
Iddesleigh, E. of, 193 
Ilchester, E. of, 109 
nkeston, Bn., 628 
Inchcape, Bn., 641 
Inchiquin, Bn., 367, 1. 109 
Innes, Earl, 172 
Inverclyde, Bn., 572 
Islington, Bn., 626 
Iveagh, Visct., 247 
Jersey, E. of, 82 
Joicey, Bn., 6o5 
Kenlis, Bn., 412 
Kenmare, Bn., 451 

Kenry, Bn., 468 
Kensington, Bn., 


5. of. 

538, I. 


Kenyon, Bn., 352 
Ker, Bn., 390 ^ ^ 
Kerry&S., E. of, 1.22 
Kilbracken, Bn., 625 
Killanin, Bn., 5S1 
Kilmaine, Bn., 370, I- i29 
Kilmarnock, Bn., 408 
Kilmorey, E. of, 160, I. 64 
Kimberley, E. of, 183 
Kingsale, Bn., I. 104 
Kingston, E. of, I. 35 
Kinloss, Bnss., S. 71 
Kinnaird, Bn., 463. S. 84 
Kinnear, Bn., 567 
Kinnonll, E. of, S. 33 
Kinross, Bn., 582 
Kintore, Bn., 430; 

Kitchener of K., Earl 


Knaresborough, Bn., 597 
Knoliys, Visct., 253 
Knutsford, Visct., 239 
Lambourne, Bu., 690 
Lamington, Bn., 509 
Lanesborough. E. of, 127 

1. 28 
Langford, Bn., 372> I- U5 
Lansdowne, M. of, 31 
Lathom, E. of, 190 
Latymer, Bn., 303 
Lauderdale, E. of, 
Lawrence, Bn., 479 
Leconfield, Bn., 458 
Leeds, D. of, 15 
Leicester, E. of, 173 
Leigh, Bn., 438 
Leinster, Visct., 216; 

of, L I 
Leith of F., Bn., 592 
Leitrim, E. of, 1. 
Lennox, D. of, S. 4 
Leven & M., E. of, S. 42 
Leverhulme, Bn., 694 
Lichfield, E. of, 166 
Liflford, Visct., I. 92 
Lilford, Bn., 365 
Limerick, E. of, I. 59 
Lincoln, Bp. of, 292 
Lincolnshire, M. of, 54 
Lindley, Bn., 580 
Lindsay, E. of, 90, S. 32 
Lindsay, E. of, 68 
Linlithgow, M. of, 52 
! Lisburne, E. of, I. 38 
I Lisle, Bn., I. 116 
Listowel, E. of, I. 56 
I Liverpool, Bp. of, 280 

! Liverpool, E. of, 200 
Llandaff, Bp. of, 287 
Loch, Bn., 560 
Loftus, Bn., 374 
!Londe.sborough, E. 
I 194 
London, Bp. of, 269 
Londonderry, M. of, I. 9 
Longford, E. of. 1. 41 
Lonsdale, E. of, 145 
Loreburn, E., 202 
Lothian, M. of, S. 12 
Loudoun, E. of, S. 34 
Louth, Bn., I. J08 
Lovat, Bn., 428, S. 69 
Lovelace, E. of, 174 
Lovel & H., Bn., 335 
Lucan, E. of, 131, 1. 51 
Lucas, Bnss. [319—20] 
Ludlow, Bn., 570 
Lumley, Visct., I. 74 
Lurgan, Bn., 440 
Lyell, Bn., 666 
Lytton, E. of, i8g 
Lyveden, Bn., 461 
Macclesfield, E. of, 98 
Macdonald, Bn., 1. 120 
Macdonald of E., Bnss. 

MacOonnell, Bn., 616 
Magheramorne, Bn., 543 
Malmesbury, E. of, 122 
Manchester, Bp. of, 282 
Manchester, D. of, 22 
Manners, Bn., 382 
Mansfield, E. of, 116 
Manvers, Earl, 142 
Mar, E. of, 84, S. 16 
Mar & K., E. of, 87, S. 24 
Marchamley, Bn., 617 
Marlborough, D. of, 18 
Masham, Bn., 550 
Massereene & F., Visct., 

Massy, Bn., I. 123 
Mayo, B. of, 129, I. 43 
Meath, E. of, I. 16 
Meldrum, Bn., 385 
Melfort, Ctss. of [dint.], S 


Melville, Visct., 221 
Mendip, Bn., 358 
Meredyth, Bn., 467 
Mersey, Visct., 259 
Merthyr, Bn., 640 
Methuen, Bu., 436 
Mexborough, E. of, I. 33 
Michelham, Bn., 599 
Middleton, Bn., 331 
Midleton, Visct., I.81 
Midlothian, E. of, 201, S. 

(Earl of Rosebery), 54 
Milford Haven, M. of, 57 
MilltowTi, E. of (dormt.), 

Milner, Visct., 245 
Minster, Bn., 391 
Minto, B. of, 148 
Molesworth, Visct., I. 79 
Monck, Bu., 469; Visct., 

Monckton, Bn., 541 
Moucreitr, Bn., 492 
Monk Bretton, Bn., 520 
Monkswell, Bn., 527 
Monson, Bn., 332 
Montagu of B., Bn., 531 
Monteagle, Bn., 379 
Monteagle of B., Bn., 441 
Montrose, D. of, S. 7 
Moray, E. of, S. 23 
Morley, E. of, 153 
Morley of B., Visct., 248 
Mornington, E. of, I. 29 
Morton, B. of, 86 ; S. 18 
Mostyn, Bn., 416 

Index to Rolls — Roman Catholic Peers. 


Moulton, Bn., 654 
Mount Edgcumbe, E. of, 

Mountgarret, Visct., 636, 

I. 70 
Mountmorres, Visct., 1. 8q 
Movmt Stephen, Bn., 549 
Mowbray, Bn., 293 
Muir Mackenzie, Bn.,671 
Mulgrave, Bn., I. 117 
Munster, £. of, 164 
Murray of Elibank, Bn. 

Muskerry, Bn., 369, I. 124 
Nairne, Bn., S. 83 
Napier of Magd., Bn., 476 
Napier of Merch., Bn., 

S. 75 
Nelson, Earl, 14Q 
Newborough, Bn., I. 1 19 
Newburgh, E. of, S. 45 
Newcastle, D. of, 23 
Newlands, Bn., 573 
Newton, Bn.. 554 
Nicholson, Bn., 652 
Norbury, E. of, 1. 67 
Norfolk, D. of, 9 
Normanby, M. of, 46 
Normanlon, E. of, I. 63 
North, Bn., 310 
Northampton, M. of, 39 
Northbourue, Bn., 521 
Northbrook, E. of, 187 
Northcliffe, Bn., 598 
Noithesk, E. of, 91, S. 44 
Northington, Bn., 524 
Northumberland, U.of, 24 
Norton, Bn., 505 
Normch, Bp,, 291 
Nunburnholme, Bn., 607 
O'Hagan, Bn., 48S 
O'NeUl, Bn., 475 
Onslow, E. of, 13s 
Oranmore & B., Bn., 427, 1 

Orford. E. of, 143 
Oriel, Bn., 305 
Orkney, E. of. S. 52 
Ormathwaite, Bn., 474 

Ormonde, Bu., 392 ; M. of 
I. II 

Oxenfoord, Bn., 443 

Oxford, Bp. of, 281 

Parker of W., Bn., 658 

Parmoor, Bn., 660 

Peckover, Bn.. 615 

Peel. Visct., 238 

Pembroke & M., E 

Penrhyn, Bn., 472 

Pentland, Bn., 620 

Perth, E. of, S. 26 

Petre, Bn., 313 

Pirrie, Bn. , 6 1 1 

Playfair, Bn., 556 

Plnuket, Bn., 404 

Plymouth, E. of, 199 

Poltimore, Bn., iis 

Polwarth, Bn., S. 86 

Ponsonby, Bn., 333 

Pomtypridd, Bn., 648 

Portarlington, E. of, 

Portland, D. of, 21 

Portman, Visct., 234 

Portsmouth, E. of, 103 

Poulett, Earl, 83 


. of, 63 

Powerscourt, Bn., 523 ' 

Visct., I. 87 
Powis, E. of, 139 
Queensberry, M. of, S. 10 
Radnor, E. of, in 
Radstock, Bn., I. 153 
Raglan, Bn., 450 
Ramsay, Bn., 
Ranfurly, Bn., 

I. 68 
Ranksborough, Bn., 665 
Rathcreedan, Bn., 675 
RathdonneU, Bn.,47S, 1. 16' 
Rathmore, Bn., 563 
Ravensworth, Bn., 39S 

- . -■„'!, Bn., 399 
Reading, Visct.. 261 
Reay, Bn., 514, S. 77 

- ■ ■ le, Bn., 587 
Rendlesham, Bn., I. 157 
Revelstoke, Bn., 526 
Rhondda, Bn., 676 
Ribblesdale, Bn., 366 
Richmond & G., D. of, n 
Ridley, Visct., 242 
Ripon, M. of, 47 
Ritchie of D.. Bn., 594 
Roberts, Ctss. [197—8] 
Robsou, Bn.,S34 
Rochdale, Bn., 637 
Rochester, Bp. of, 288 
Roden, E. of, I. 37 
Rodney, Bn., 345 
Roe, &n., 687 
Rollo, Bn., S. Si 
Romilly, Bn., 466 
Romney, E. of, 136 
Rosebery, E. of (see Mid 

Rosmead, Bn., 566 
Rosse, E. of, 141,1.62 
Rosslyn, E. of 133 

)re, Bn., 431, 1- 137 
Rotherham, Bn., 629 
Rothermere, Bn., 662 
Rothes, E. of, 85, S. 17 
Rothesay, D. of, S. i 
Rothschild, Bn., 52s 
Roundway, Bn., 681 
Rowallan, Bn., 042 
Roxburghe, D. of, S. 8 
Russell, Earl, 182 
Ruthven, Bn., S. 82 
Rutland, D. of, 19 
Sackville, Bn., 504 
St. Albans, Bp. of, 276 
St. Albans, D. of, 14 
St. Aldwyn, Earl, 206 
St. Asaph, Bp. of, 273 
St. Audries, Bn., 638 
St. Davids, Bn., 619 
St. Davids, Bp. of, 277 

Germans, E. of, 152 
St. .Tohnof B.,Bn., 311 
St. Leonards, Bn., 449 
St. Levan, Bn., 542 
St. Oswald, Bn., 529 
St. Vincent, Visct., 220 
Salisbury, M. of, 33 

;ford, Bn., 361 
Saltoun, Bn., 323. S. 62 
Sanderson, Bn.. 59s 
Sa.ndhm-st, Visct., 263 ( = 


Sandwich, E. of, 72 
Sandys, Bn., 377 

Savile, Bn., 548 
Saye & S., Bn., 314 
Scarbrough, E. of, 79 
Seafield, Ctss., S. [52-3] 
Seaton, Bn., 442 
Sefton, Bn., 4ro;E.of, r.36 
Selborne, E. of, 192 
Selby, Visct., 246 
~ ipill, Bn., 32s. S. 66 
Shaftesbury, E. of, 76 
Shannon. E. of, I. 27 
Shaughnessy, Bn., 674 
Shaw, Bn.. 622 

Bn., I. 126 

Sherard, Bn., I. 111 
Sherborne, Bn., 348 
Shrewsbury, E. of, 60 
Shute, Bn., 506 
Shuttle worth, Bn., 583 
Sidmouth, Visct., 222 
Silchester, Bn., 394 
Sinclair, Bn., 324, S. 65 
Sligo, M. of, I. 7 
Somerleyton, Bn., 677 
Somers, Bn., 346 
[Somerset, D. of, 10 
Somerton, Bn., 490 
Sondes, Earl, 191 
Southampton, Bn., 343 
Southborough, Bn„ 696 
Southesk, E. of, S. 37 
Southwark, Bn., 627 
Southwell, Bp. of, 283 
Southwell, Visct., I. 90 
Spencer, Earl, 112 
Stafford, Bn., 3i8 
Stair. E. of. S. 53 
Stalbridge, Bn., 537 
Stamford, E. of, 69 
Stamfordham, Bn., 639 
Stanhope, Earl, 97 
Stanley of A., Bn., 437 
Stanmore, Bn., 559 
Stewart of G., Bn., 360 
Stormont, Visct., S. 58 
Strabolgi, Bn., 298 
Strachie, Bn.. 646 
Slradbroke, E. of, 138 
Strafford, E. of, i77 
Strange, Earl, 1 17 
Strathclyde, Bn., 661 
Strathcona & Mt. R. 

Bnss. [581-2] 
Stratheden & C, Bn., 426 
Strathmore & K., E. of, S. 

strathspey, Bn., 519 
Stuart of Castle S., Bn., 35? 
Stuart of Wortley, Bn., 

Sudeley, Bn., 433 
Sudley. Bn., 522 
Suffield, Bn., 35' 
luffolk&B., E.of, 6s 
Sumner of I.. Bn., 659 
Sutherland, D. of, 27 ; " 

of, S. IS 
Swansea, Bn., 537 
Swaythling, Bn., 613 
Sydenham of C, 636 
Taaffe, Visct., 1. 75 
Talbot deM.. Bn.,4S3; T. 

of M.. Bn., I. 161 
Tankerville, E. of, 95 
Teignmouth, Bn., I. 141 
Temple of S., Earl, 159 

Templemore, Bn., 417 
Templetown, Visct., 223, 1. 

Tennyson, Bn., 318 
Tenterden, Bn., 403 
Teynham, Bn., 316 
Thurlow, Bn., 356 
ToUemache, Bn., 5°2 
Torphichen, Bu., S.70 
Torriugton, Visct., 215 
Townshend, Marq., 32 
Tredegar, Bn., 459 
freowen. Bn., 693 
Trevor, Bn., 510 
Trimlestown, Bn., I. 1 05 
Tweeddale, Bn., 513; M. 

of, S. II 
Tweedmouth, Bn., 517 
Tyrone, Bn.. 349 
Valentia, Visct., I. 72 
Vane, Earl. i6i 
VauxofH., Bn., 306 
Ventry, Bn., I. 149 
Vernon, Bn., 336 
Vervilam, E. of, 150 
Vivian, Bn., 444 
Wakefield, Bp. of, 278 
Waldegrave, Earl, 100 
Waleran, Bn., 596 
Wales, H.R.H. Prince of, 
Wallscourt, Bn., I. 130 
Walsingham, Bn., 341 
Warwii!k, E. ot, 104 
Waterford, E. of, 1. 12 
Waterford, M. of, I. 3 
Waterpark. Bn., I. 132 
Weardale, Bn., 603 
Wellington, D. of, 26 
Wemyss, Bn., 393 ; E 

W. & M., S. 38 
Wenlock, Bn., 439 
Wentworth, Bnss. [306— 7] 
Westbury, Bn., 464 
Westcote. Bn., I. 122 
Westmeath, E. of, 123, 1. 14 
Westminster, D. of, 28 
Westmorland, E. of, 67 
Whamcliffe, E. of, 186 
Wharton, Bn., 309 
Whitburgh, Bn., 655 
Wicklow, E. of, 130, I. 48 
Wigan, Bn., 401 (=8) 
Willingdon, Bn.,1631 
Willoughby de 


B., Bn. 

Wilton, E. of, 138 
^Vimbome, Bn., 508 
Winchester, Bp. of, 271 
Winchester, M. of, 30, 
Winchilsea Sl N., E. of, 70 
Winterton, Earl, I. 34 
Wlnton, E. of, 180 
Wolseley, Visctss. [235—6] 
Wolverhampton, Visct., 

Wolverton, Bn., 486 
rt'orcester, Bp. of, 285 
Worlingham, Bn., 425 
Wreubury, Bn., 668 
Wrottesley, Bn., 434 
Wynford, Bn., 407 
Yarborough, E. of, 171 
York, Abp. of, 6 
Zetland, M. of, 51 
Zouche of II., Bnss. [296— 


JOuie.— Norfolk. 

il/arau«s«s.— Bute, QueensbeiTy. , „ .,,. ,, xt 1 

£ar?5.— Abingdon, Denbigh, Fingall, Gainsboroush, Granard, tenmare, Kmuoull, Nelson, 

Newburgh, Westmeath. 
Fi'scouHfs. —Gormanston, Southwell, Taaffe. 



-Acton, Anmdell of "Wardour, Ashbourne, Auckland, Beaumont (Bnss.), Bellew, Bortie 
of Thame, Braye, Camoys, Clifford of Chudleigh, De Freyne, Dormer, Emly, Ffrench, 
Fumivall (Bnss.), Gerard, Haldon, Hen-ies (Bnss.), Howard of Glossop, Killanin, Louth, 
Tjovat, MaoDonnell, Mowbray and Stourton, North, Petre, Seaton, Stafford, Treowen, 
Trimlestown, Vaux of Harrowden, Wentworth (Bnss.). 



Balfour of B., Bn 

Belhaven & S., Bh., 1900 jSempill,' Bu., iqio 

Dupdonald, E. of, 18S5 ----- 

Fairfax of Cameron, igiy 

Falkland, Visct., 1894 

Forbes, Bn., igi? 

Lauderdale, E. of, i88g 

Lindsay, E. of, igiy 

Mar, E. of, t886 

Mar & Kellie, E. of, 1892 

Morton, E. of, 1886 

Northesk, E. of, igoo 
Rothes, E. of, igo6 
Saltoun, Bn., i8go 

[Sinclair, Bn.! 


Bandon, E. of, 1881 
Baugor, Visct., igi3 

Curzon of Kedieston, E., Lanesborough, E. 
Langford, Bn., 1884 
Ijucan, E. of, 1914 
Mayo, E. of, i8go 
Musken-y, Bn., i8g2 
Oranmore & B., 


Castlemaine, Bn., 1 
Cavan, E. of, 1915 
Croiton, Bn., igi6 

Rathdonnell, Bn., 1889 
Rosse, E. of, igii 
JTempletown, Visct., i8c 
IWestmeath, E. of, igoi 
IWicklow, E. of, igo5 

[., 1912 
De Vesci, Ylsct., igog 
Drogheda, E. of, 1913 
Dunalley, Bn., i8gi 
Farnham, Bn., igo8 
Inchiquin, Bn., 1900 
Kilmaine, Bn., igii 
Kilmorey, E. of, igi6 
Kingston, E. of, 1917 


The numerous Scottish and Irish Peers noticed above as possessing also Imperial 
titles are here arranged in a pair of alphabetical lists, the first under their "native " 
titles, the second under the Imperial. The latter are the ones invariably given in 
division lists of the House of Lords, but in a majority of instances, though far from 
always, they are inferior in rank to the former (precisely — 76 are inferior, 29 superior, 
14 identical in rank, and 14 more in both rank and designation). The higher title, 
which is naturally the one in conventional use, is printed in italics in each table, 
(i) Scottish and Irish Titles with their Imperial Equivalents. 

Abercorn, D. of, Ir. \ 
Abercorn, E. of, Sc. J ' 
Aberdeen, E. of, Sc. 
Argyll, V. of, Sc. ... 
Armagh, E. of, Ir. . 

. Abercorn, M. of 
..Aberdeen, M. of 
. The same 
. Cumberland & 
H.R.H. D. of 
. Sudley, B. 
. Meredyth, B. 
" ■ range, 

Arran, E. of, Ir. . 
Athlumney, B., Ir. 
Atholl,!). of, Sc... 

.iuckland, B., Ir The same 

Barrington, V., Ir Shute, B. 

Bessborouph, E. of, Ir Vonsonby, B. 

Boyne, V.,\t Brancepeth, B. 

Breadalbane, E. of, Sc Breadalbane, H. 

Brid))ort, B., /)• Bridport, V. 

BuccUuch ds Queensberry, D. Poncaster, i!. of 
()/, Sc. 

Carew, B.,Jv The same 

Carrick, E. of, Ir Butler, Bn. 

Carrington, B., /)• Lincolnshire, M. 

Oassillis, B. of, 6'c Ailsa, M. of 

Cathcart, K, Sc Catkcart, Earl 

Cholmondeley, V., Ir Cholmondeley, M. 

(Jlancarty, E.oflr Clancarty, V. 

Glanwilliam,E. of,Ii Clanwilliam, B. 

aiifden, V.,1t Mendip, B. 

t'live, B., Ir Powis, E. of 

Cloncurry, B.,1t The same 

ColYille(ofCulross),B.,Sc... Colville of GulroM, V. 

Couway ,B., Ir Hertford, M. 

Gonyngham, ilarq., Ir Minster, B. 

Cork d. Orrery, E. of, Ir. . . Boyle, B. 

Courtown, E. of, It Saltersford, B. 

Crawford, B. 0/, Sc Wigan, B. 

, Ir Bartrey, E. of 

f Kedleiton, B., Ir. Curzon of Kedieston, E. of 

Dalhousie, E. of. So. 

Ramsay, B. 

T^esraond, E. of, 7r Denbigh, E. of 

Digby, iJ , Ir The same 

Din.s'wall, B.,Sc Lucas, B. 

Donegall, M. o/, Ir Fisherwick, B. 

Donoaghmore, E. of, Ir. . . . Hutchinson, V. 

Doivne, V., It Dawnay, B. 

Duwn.<!hire, M. of,S.T Hillsborough, E. of 

Dullerin &Claneboye, ti..Ir. Safferin & Ava, M. 
Dumblane [fOun-], V., Sc. . . Leeds, D. of 
Dumfries & Bute, E. of, Sc. Bute, if. of 

nun-!uiire, if. 0/, Sc Duumore, B. 

liuanti<en<t- Mount Earl, E. Kenry, B. 
of. Ir. 

Elgin & Kincardine, E. of, 

Ehbank, B., Sc Elibank, V. 

Elphinstone, B.,Sc The same 

Ely, M. of, Ir Loftus, B. 

Enniskillen, E. of. It Grinstead, B. 

Erne, E.of,lT Fermanagh, B. 

Erroll, E.ofSc Kilmarnock, B. 

Fingail, E.of,lT Fingall, B. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl, Ir The same 

Forrester, B., 5c Vei-ulam, E. of 

Gage, V., Ir Gage, B. 

Galloway, E. of, Sc Stewart of Garlies, B. 

Galway, T., Ir Moncktou, B. 

Gardner, B., It The same 

Glasgow, E. of, Sc FairUe, B. 

Gormanston, V.,It Gormanston, B. 

Gosford. E.of, Ir Worliugham.B. 

Granard, E.of, It Granard. B. 

Graudisou, V., Ir Jersey, E. of 

Grimston, \., Ir Verulam, E. 

Hamilton, D. of, Sc Brandon, D. of {Hamilton d 


Headfort, 31. of, Ir Kenlis, B. 

Henley, B.,It Northington, B. 

Henniker, B.ylT Hartismere, B. 

Home, E. of, Sc Douglas, B. 

Hood, B.,Ir Hood, V. 

Hopetoun, E. of, 5c Linlithgow, M. 

Huntly, M. of, Sc Meldi-um, B. 

Kenmare, E. of,\T Kenmare, B. 

Kensington, B.,It The same 

Kerry & Shelburne, E, of, Lansdowne, M. 

Kinnaird, .8., Sc ^ The same 

Kinnoull, E. of. Sc Hay, B. 

Kintore, E.of,Sc Kintore, B. 

Leinster, D. of, It Leinster, V. 

Leitrim, E. of,Iv. Clements, B. 

Lennox, D. of, Sc Richmond (& Gordon), D. of 

Litnerick, E. of,lT Foxford, B. 

Listowel, E. of. It Hare, B. 

Londonderry, M. of, Ir. . . . Vane, Earl 

Longford, E.of, It Silchester, B. 

Lothian, M. of. So Ker, E. 

Loudoun, E. of, Sc. , Botreaux, B. 

Lovat, B., Sc The same 

Lumley, V., Ir Scarbrough, E. 

Massereene tSs Ferrard, V. , Oriel, B. 

Meath. E of, Ir. . - 
Midleton, V., Ir. 

I Monck, K., It 

Montrose, V. of, Sc. 

Cha worth, B. 
. Brodrick, B. 
. Monck, B. 

Graham, Earl 

Scottish and Irish Peers in the Lords. 


Moray, E. 0/, Sc ■. Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. 

Mornington, E. of, Ir Wellington, D. of 

Mountgarret, V.,lr Mountgarret, B. 

Mulgrave, B., 7r Normanby, M. of 

Nairne, B., Ac Lansdowne, M. of 

Napier, B..Sc Ettrick, B. {Navier 


Normanton, E. of, Ii Somerton, B. 

Ormonde, il. of, Ir Ormonde, B. 

Powerscoiirt, V.,1t Powerscourt, B. 

Ranjurly, E. of. It RauTurly, B. 

Reau, JS., Sc The 

Kollo, B.,Sc Dunning, B. 

Rosebery, E. of, Sc Midlothian, E. of 

Rossmore, B.,1t The same , 

Rothesay, D. of , 5c Wales, H.R.H., Prince of 

Roxburghe., D nf Sc Innes, Earl 

Sefton, E. of, Ir Sefton, B. 

^..^nnon, E. of, Ir 

Sheffield, JS., Ir 

Sligo, J/. 0/, Ir 

Southesk,E. of, Sc 

Stair, E. of, Sc 

Stormont, V., Sc 

Strathnwre ictKinghome), 1 

of, Sc. 

Sutherland, E. of, Sc 

Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. 

Tweeddale, U. of, Sc 

Valtntia, V„ Ir 

Waterford, E. of, Ir 

Water ford, M. of, Ir 

Wemuss d: March, E. of . 

W'estcote, B., 7r 

Carleton, B. 
Stanley of Alderley, B. 
Monteagle, B. 
Balinhard, B. 
Oxenfoord, B. 
Mansjield. E. 
. Bowes, B. 

Sutherland, D. 
Talbot de Malahide, B. 
Tweeddale, B. 
Annesley, B. 

Shrewsbury (d; Talbot), E. of 
Tyrone, B. 

There are thus in the preceding list 81 Irish titles of a total 166 in the Irish _ 

and 50 Scottish of a total 85 : of the entire 251 there are therefore 131,^ with Iiiiperial 
titles and 120 without. The legislative predominance of Ireland over Scotland is thus 
conspicuous here as it is in the number of Representative Peers (28 against 16) and in 
their representation in the Commons (103 against 72). There are several among the 
names however, that should be regarded as those of English nooles who have come aLso 
into possession of Scottish or Irish Peerages. The Duke of Abercorn, the Marquess 
of Lansdowne, and the Earl of Veruiam have both Scottish and Irish in addition to 
Imperial titles, as the list that follows will more readily exhibit. 

(2) Imperial Titles with their 

-, , I Abercorn, D. of, Ir. 

Abercorn, M. of | Abercorn, E. of, Sc. 

Aberdeen, M. of Aberdeen, E. of, Sc. 

Ailsa, M.of Cassilhs, E. of, SC 

Annesley, B rulentui, \.,ir. 

Argyll, I), of Thi same, he. 

Auckland, B The same, Ir. 

Balinhard, B Southesk, E. of, fee. 

Plr,t,rpnny E Loitdoun, E. of, fee. _ 

Bowes B.' ..::::::::.:.... Strathmore {dKinghorneU E. 
' of, Sc. 

Boyle, B Cork & Orrery, E. of, Ir. 

Branc'epeth, B Boyne, V., Ir. 

Brandon, D. of [Hamilton et t^ , o„ 

Brandon) Hanulton, D. of, Sc. 

Breadulbane, M.of Breadalbane, B. of, Sc. 

Bridport, V ?JJ'?,P°'^*' ^>' ^^■ 

Brodrick, B Midleton, V. , Ir. 

Bate M of Dumfries & Bute, E. of, 

' " Sc. 

Butler, B Carrick, E of. Ir. 

Vareiv,B Thesame,Ir. 

Carletou, B Shannon, E. of, Ir. 

Cathcart, Earl Cathcart, B , Sc. 

Chaworth, B Meath, E. of, Ir. 

Cholmondeley, M.of Cholmondeley,y., Ir. 

Clancarty, V Clancarty, E. of, Ir. 

Clanwilliam, B Clanwilliam,E. of, Ir. 

Clements, B Leitrim, E. of, Ir. 

Cloncurry, B The saiM, Ir. 

Cobham, V Westcote, B.,Ir 

ColvilleofCalross, V ColviUe (of Culross), B.,Sc. 

Cumberland d: Teviotdale, Armagh, h. of, Ir. 

air's»n of Kedleston. E Curzon of K., B., 7?-. 

Dartrey, E.of Cremorne, B., Ir. 

Dawnay,B Bovme, V.,Ir. 

Denbigh. E. of Desmond, E of, Ir. 

Desart, B Desart, E. of, Ir. 

Diyby, B The same, Ir. 

Doncaster, E. of Buccleuch cfc Qxieemberry, D. 

0}, Sc. 

Douglas, B Home. E. of, Sc. 

Dufferin <& Ava, M.of Dufterm & Clanelioye, B., 

Dunmore, B Dunmore, E. of, Sc. 

Dunning, B Rollo, B., Sc. 

Elgin, B Elgin a; Kincardine, E. of, 

Elibank, V. Elibank, B., Sc. 

ElphinstoiM, B The same, Sc. 

Ettrick, B. {Napier <& Eitk.) Napier, B., Sc. 

Scottish or Irish Equivalents. 

( Fairlie, B Glasgow, E. of, Sc. 

t Fermanagh, B Erne, E. of, Ir. 

Fingall, B Fingall, E. of, Ir. 

Eisherwick, B Donegall, M. of, Ir. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl The same, Ir. 

Foxford, B Limerick, E. of, Ir. 

Gage, B Gage, (^., Ir. 

Gardner, B The same, Ir. 

Gormanston, B Gormanston, V., Ir. 

Graham, Earl Alontrose, D. of, Sc. 

Granard, B Granard, E. of, Ir. 

Grinitead, B Enniskillen, E. of, Ir. 

Hare, B Lisiowel, E. of, Ir. 

Hartismere, B Henniker, B., Ir. 

Hay, B KinnoulLE. of, Sc. 

Hertford, M.of Conway, B., Ir. 

Hillsborough, E. of Downshire, M. of, Ir. 

Hood, V Hood, B., Ir. 

Hutchinson, V Bonoughmore, E. of. Ir. 

Innes, Earl Roxburghe, B. of, So. 

Jersey, E.of Grandison, V., Ir. 

Kenlis, B Headfort, M.of, Ir. 

Kenmare, B Kenmare, E. of, Ir. 

Kenry, B Dunraven & Mount Earl, E. 

of, Ir. 

Kensington, B The same, Ir. 

Ker, B Lothian, M. of, Sc. 

K ilmarnock, B Erroll, E. of, Sc. 

Kinnaird, B The same, Sc. 

Kintore, B Kintore, E. of, Sc. 

, ,, , f Kerry & Shelburne, E. of, Ir. 

Lansdowne, M.of | Nairne, B., Sc. 

Leeds, D.of Dumblune L?Dun-], V., Sc. 

Leinster, V Leinster, D. of, Ir. 

Lincolnshire, M. of Carrington. B.. Ir. 

Linlithgow, M.of Hopetoun, E. of, Sc. 

Lof tus, B Ely, M. of, Ir. 

Lovat, B The same, Sc. 

Level & Holland, B Egmont, E. of, Ir. 

Lucas, B Dingwall, B., Sc. 

Mansfield, E.of Stormont, V., Sc. 

Meldrum, B Huntly, M. of, Sc. 

Mendip, B Clifden, V., Ir. 

Meredyth, B Athlumney, B., Ir. 

Midlotliian, E Rosebery, E. , Sc. 

Minster, B Conyngham, Marq., Ir. 

Monck, B Monck, V., Ir. 

Mouckton, B Galway, V., Ir. 

Monteagle, B Sligo, M. of, Ir. 

Mountgarret, B Mountgarret, V..Ir. 

Normanby, M.of Mulgrave, B., Ir. 

Northington, B Henley, B., Ir. 



Oriel, B. ". 

Ormonde, B 

Oxenfoord, B 

Pousonby, B 

Powerscourt, B 

Powis, E.of 

Ramsay, B 

Kanf urly, B 

Reuy, B 

Richmond {& Gordon),D. . 

Rossmore, B 

Saltersf ord, B 

Scarbrongh, E. of 

Stanley of Alderley, B 

Shrewsbury {<!: Talbot), E. of 

Shute, B 

Silchester, B 

Mastereem & ^errard, V. 

Ormonde, M. of, Ir. 
Stair, E. of, Sc. 
Bessborough, E. of, Ir. 
Powerscourt, V., Ir. 
Clive, B., Ir. 
Dalhousie, E. of, Sc. 
Ranfiirly, E. of, Ir. 
The same, Sc. 
Lennox, D. of, Sc. 
The same, Ir. 
Courtown, E. of, Ir. 
Lumley, v., Jr. 
Sefton, E. of, Ir. 
Sheffield, B., Ir. 
Waterford, E. of, Ir. 
Barrington, V.. Ir. 
Lowjford, E. of, Ir. 

Somerton, B 

Stewart of GarUes, B 

Sti-ange, Earl 

Stuart of Castle Stuart, B. . . 


Sutherland, D. of 

Talbot deMalahide,B 

Tweeddale, B 

Tyrone, B 

Vane, Earl 

Verulam, E. of i 

Wales, H.R.H. Prince of . . 

Wellington, D. of 

Wemyss, B 

Wigan, B 

Winton, E. of 

Worlingham, B 

Galluwau, h. 
Atholl, D. of. 
Moray, E. of, Sc. 
Arran, E. of. It. 
Sutherland, E. of, Sc. 
Talbot of Malahide, B., Ir. 
Tweeddale, M. of, Sc. 
Waterford, M. of, Ir. 
Londonderry, M. of, Ir. 
Grimston, V., Ir. 
Forrester, B., Sc. 
Rothesay, D., of, Sc. 
Mornington, E. of, Ir. 
Wemyss d; March, E. of, Sc. 
Crawford E. of, Sc. 
Eglintond- Winton, E. of, Sc. 
Gosford, E. ot, Ir. 


Showing thk Dates of Existing Dignities in tub Obdek in which they were Conferred. 
•t* Every one of the titles here presented is repeated in its alphabetical position in the Directort, and there 
followed by the date, and, in the case of subordinate titles differing in name, by references to each respective 
leadini? one. Note that both here and in the references the term " Baron " is employed imiformly, though under 
" Creations " it may often be varied to " Lord," or sometimes " Baron of." The leading titles of peerages of either 
kingdom are printed in small capitals, whilst the prefixed mark t denotes a Scottish and § an Irish creation : if a • 
is prefixed it denotes an Imperial title with which one of Scotland or Ireland is identical or nearly so. 

Peerages of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland: all, previous to 
1387, by writ unless " tenure " 
is added. Of the latter class 
those only are included wMch 
have been allowed by the House 
of Lords and have received no 
other certain creation. 
[Alexander I., Scot., 1107-24.] 

+ Mar, Earl of (oris'.) 

[David I., Scot., 1124^53.] 
[Malcolm, Scot., 1153-65.] 

Henry II., 1154-89. 

Arundel, Earl of (tenure) 

[William., Scot., 1165-1214.] 


JKingsale & EingTone, 

Baron (tenure) 

? Kerry & Lixnaw, Baron 


Richard I., 1189-99, 

and John, 1199-1216. 

(No creation surviving.) 

[Alfxander II.. Scot., 1214-49.] 

Henry III., 1216-72. 

t Sutherland, Earl of 

[Alexander III., Scot., 1249-86.] 

14.12 De Eos, Baron* 
24.12 Le Despencer, Baron* 

Edward I., 1272- 1307 

?Dunboyne, Baron (writ, 

not giving precedence) 

1299. ■ 1 

29.12 De Clifford, Baron I 

6.2 Clinton, Baron ] 

,, De La Wan-, Baron (in 1 

precedence) I 

1305- I 

10. 6 Botetourt. Baron (orig.) 

[Bobert I., Scot. 1306-29.] I 

Edward II., 




1309- ! 

4.3 Beaumont, Baron 

1313 I 

8.1 Audley, Baron {aheyanf 
from 1872) 
,, CoBHAM, Baron 
26.7 "Willoughby de Eresby, 

\ Can-ick? (Ormonde), Earl \ 

"^ c : 

1316. I 

14.5 5 Kildare, £■«)•? 0/ 

20.10 Strabolgi, Baron 

15.5 Dacre (Hampden), Baron 

1324- 1 

30.12 Grey dk Huthyn, Baron \ 
Edward III., 1327-77. 

1328. ' 

2-11 ? Ormonde, £'aW 0/ 
[David II., Scot., 1329-71.] 

28.6 Mowbray, Baron 
[Margaret, Scot., 1286-90, then 

2 yrs. interregnum.] 
[John Baliul, Scot., 1292-1306] 

23. 6 Hastings, Baron 

,, Fauconbero, Baron 
24.6 Segravb, Baron 


Maltravers, Baron 


27.1 Darcy de Knayth, Baro: 

7.3 Cornwall, Duke ot 

24.2 Botreaux, Baron 

? Gormanston, Baron 

[Bobert II., Scot., 1371-90.] 

23.11 ITe^Voev, Baron 
* The Baronies of De Ros and Le Despencer were creations by Sir Simon de Montfort, but the House of Lords 
decided in 1841 to allow these two titles to stand, the former having been once accepted in 1806, and the latter in 1604. 

Richard II., 1377-99. 

20.8 Camoys, Baron 


Baronies by Letters Patent first 

created: all follg. by patent 

unless "writ" is added. 


• t Angus, Earl of 

?Delvin, i?aTO?! ( ?writ) 

[Robert III., Scot., 1390-1406.] 


23.11 Bergavenny, iJaran (writ) 


} Kinqsale, 5a;-o» 

(? patenti 
21.4 t Crawford, Earl of; 
Lindsay of Crawford, 
28.1 + Rothesay, DuTce of; 
CaiTick, Earl of; Ren- 
frew, Baron 

Henry IV., 1399-1413. 

(No Engl, creation left.) 
21. 1 +Mar, Earl of 

[.Tames I., Scot., 1406-37.] 

Henry V., 1413-22. 


20.10 Berkeley, Baron (writ) 

Henry VI., 1422-61. 
7.1 Hungerford, Baron (w^it) 
tErskine (Mar or Mar & 
"K.), Baron 
1430 (about). 
\ KUleen, Baron 
t Dalkeith (Morton) , Baron 

Latymer, Baron (writ) 


1433- 1 

7 Arundel, Earl of (tenure ■ 

conlu-med) | 

[James II., Soot., 1437-60.] I 

Historic Peerage. 



15.2 Dudley, Baron 

20.5 Shrewsbury, Earl of 

5.7 f QnAY , £aron 

13. 1 De Molines, Baroyi (writ) 

28.6 t Saltoun, Baron 
1.7 t Forbes, i?a;-on , 
3.7 t Huntly, i'ari 0/, 1st cr. ^°" 

+ Campbell (Argyll) , Baron 

t Cflamls, i?rtTO7( 

t Graham, Baron 

+ Lindsay of the Byres, 

t Leslie. -Baron [Baron 


17.7 5Watebfobd, Earl oj 

3.3 Save and Sele, Baron 
(writ; preo. of 1603) 
1 3-5 Stoueton, ^xron 

Henry VII,, 1485-1509, 

27.10 Derby, Earl of 
1488. " 
29.1 tDrummond of Cargill, 
„ tCrichton of Sanquhar, 

„ t Hay of Yester, Baron 
[James IV., Scot., 1488-1513.] 

t Sinclair, Baron, con- 
t Alloa (.'), 
t Sejipill, Baron 


ES, Baron 

31. 1 t Montgomerie, Baron 

t Sinclair, Baron, 1st cr. 

8.1 t Huntly, Earl of, 2nd cr. 
5.g Bergavenny,i)a/o?!,2ndcr, 


t Kennedy, Baron 

17.3 t Erroll, Earl of 

26.5 Berxers, Baron 
28.8 t Caithness, Earl of. 
Berriedale, Baron 


"r AxgyW, Earl of 

t AthoU, Earl of, 1st cr. 

14.3 H-Morton, Earl of; Aber- 

dour, Baron 

20.3 + KoTHES, .SaH 0/; Ballin- 

briech, Baron 

[James III., Scot., 1460-88.] 


8. 10 tCathcart, Baron 

Edward IV,, 1461-83. 

26.7 Hastings de Hastings, 
1462. [Baron 

4.3 ?Tei.mlestown, Baron 

{ Dunsany, Baron (patent) 


tI,ovat, Baron, 1st cr. 

1469. [( ? year) 1 

tBuCHAN, Earl of; Auch- I 

terhouse, Baron I 

1470. I 

17.4 t Lome, Baron j 

1473- 1 

2.8 t Home, Bar»n 1 


7.8 ilGoEMANSTON, VisC. '; 

1482 . [Baron j 

1 5. 1 1 Hastings de Hungerford, 
Edward v., 1483 (3 months.) j 
(No creation.) 
Richard III., 1483-85. 


19. 1 Bedford, ^arJ 0/ 
„ Wiltshire, Earl of 
2.2 Hereford, Vise. 
23.10 ?Mountgarret, Vise; 
Kells, Baron 
1551 • 
10.10 Herbert of Cardiff . Baron 
II. 10 Pembroke, Earl of 
12.10 "Winchester, Marq. of 
1553- , . , 

23.1 Paget, 2?aro?i (writ) 

Mary, 1553-58. 

3.9 Devon, Earl of 

*554- , . , 

17.2 North, Barnn (wi'it) 
ti . 3 Howard of EflSngham, 


Elizabeth, i 558-1603. 


13. 1 St. John OF Bletso, -Baron 


30.1 t Moray, Eai'l of; Aber- 
nethy & Stratheam, 

, 2nd cr. 


[Earl of I 
28.6 Norfolk, 75«fc«o/; Surrey, ' 


::8.4 t Ogilvy of jyrUe, Baron I 


Baron (wint) j 

1505- j 

3.3 + Montrose, -£'a?-? 0/ 

26.11 Herbertof Piagland, Baron 

20. T + Eglinton, Earl of 

Henry VIII., 1509-47. 

17.10 Conyers, Baron (wnt) 
,, Herbert of Herbert, Baron 

t Cassillis, Earl of 


14. 1 t Elphinstone, iJaron 
[Javies F.,Scot., 1513-42.] 

1.2 Worcester, £0/7 0/ 


27.4 Vaux of Habrowden, 

Baron (writ) 


18.6 Rutland, Earl 


23.2 ? Ossory, Earl of 

3.11 Braye, Baron (writ) 
,, Windsor, Baron (wrif;) 

2.12 Wentworth, Baron (writ) 
,, Burgh, Baron (writ) 

8.12 Huntingdon, Earl of 

2.1 ?Thurles, Vise. 

9.3 Russell of Cheneys, Baron 
„ St. John of Basing (Win- 
chester), Baron 
II. 6 ? DUNBOYNE, iJaron 


15.6 ?Louth, Baron j JamCB I., 1603-25. 

[,Vari/, Scot., 1542-67.] I ' -5 ^ 

1543. I lDO,j. 

1.7 ?Clanricarde,£'ar;o/(rf)nf.) 5-4 tAbercom, .Baron 

„ Unchiquin, Baron i3-S Cecil, Baron 

2.10 t Caithness, i'ar^o/; : 2i-7 Suffolk, .EarZ 0/ 

BeiTiedale, Baron, con- , .- Grey of Groby, Baron 

tirmpd >. Petre. Baron 

, 1 „ Russell of Thomhaugh, 

Edward VI,, 1547-53. ' Baron 

1547. ,, Spencer (Marlborough) 
15.2 Seymour, Baron Baron 
16.2 Somerset, Duke of 9.8 Saye & Sele, Baron 

1548. (patent) 
Wharton, -Ba/-o/i (writ) t Dirleton, Baron 


24.1 t Torphichen, -Ba?-on 

29.7 tMAR(M.&Keme),£'arZo/ 

[James VI., Scot., 1567 till King 

of Engld. also 1603.] 


25.2 Burghley, Baron 

4.5 Lincoln, Earl of 
8.5 De La Warr, Bari 
„ Norreys, Baron ( 
24.11 tDoune, Baron 

29.4 t Paisley, -Baron 

18.5 + Maitland, /?aro7! 

15.10 tNewbottle, Baron 

„ '597_ 

24.10 Howard de Walden, 
Baron (wiit) 
17.4 t Huntly, 3/ar?. 0// 
Enzie, Earl of 

t Roxburghe, Baron 


30.6 + Campbell of Loudoun 

2.2 t KiNLOSS, -Barora 








12.3 i-KuhJAE, Earlof 


Brudenell, Baron 

Baron [Baron 

16.3 t Buccleuch, i'aW o/,- Scott 


. I Boyle of Kinalmeaky, 

25.4 + Murray of Tullibardine, 

of Whitchester & Esk- 

Vise. ; Bandon Bridge, 

20.8 Cranbome, Vise. 

daill, Baron 

■ Baron ; Broghill, Baron 


20.3 t Haddington (orig. Mel- 


Stamford, Earl of 

4.3 t Home, Earlof; Dunglass, 

rose), Earlof 


tDrumlanrig, Vise.; 


7. 1 1 ? Stuart of Castlestuart 

Douglas of Hawick & 

„ t Perth, Earl of; Drum- 

(Earl Castlestewart), 

Tibbers, Baron 

mond of Stobliall, Baron 


t Wemyss, Baron 

7.4 t Scone, Baron 



Strange, Baron (writ) 

4.5 Exeter, Earl of 

3.1 ?Grandison, Vise. 


+ Eeay, Baron 

„ Montgomery, Earl of; 

29.7 iDiGBY, Baron 

II. 7 

Winchilsea, Earl of 

Herbert of Sburland, 

„ iOSa.lj, Baron 


?LuMLEy, Vise. 


16.10 ?CoRK, Earl of; Dungar- 

STaaffb, Vise.; Bally- | 

„ Salisbury, Earl of 

van, Vise. 

mote, Baron 

„ Arundell op Wardouk, 

lo.ii -i-Falkland, Vise.; Cary, 


Chesterfield, Earl of 




t Dalzell, Baron 

„ Cavendish of Hardwick, 

1. 1 2 ?Fitzwilliam, Baron 


5F1NGALL, Earlof 


12.12 ? Anti-im, .ffacZ 0/ (orig.) 

JMolyneux, Vise. 


19.12 Mandeville,F?'s(-., -Montagu 


18.3 tFentoun, Vise. 

of Kimbolton, Baron 


? Mountnorris, Baron 

, , t Scott of Buccleuch, Baron 

22.12 SCaiilfeildof Charlemont, 


t AthoU, Earl of, 2nd cr. 

10.7 t Abercorn, Eai-l of; 



Jlken-in, Vise. 

Hamilton, Mountcastle, 

30-12 Feilding, Vise. & Baron 


& Kilpatrick, Baron 


31. IC 

t Lothian, Earl of, 2nd cr. 

„ t KiKGHORNE, Earl of; 

29.1 Brooke, Baron 


Lyon & Glamis, Baron 

7.2 {Moore, Vise. 


t Lindsay, Ea?i of; Par- 

„ t Lothian, Earl of (orig.) 

I&.8 tSTORMONT, Ft'sc. 

broath, Baron 

, , t Tullibardine, Earl of 

4.9 \ Westmeath. Earl of 

12. S 

+ Loudoun, Eai-l of; Tar- 



rinzean & Mauehline, 

16.7 + Balfour of Burleigh, 

23.1 Andover, Vise. ; Howard 


19.7 i Qurlies, Baron [Baron 

of Charlton, Baron 


t KiNNOULL, Earl of 


2.2 tAir, Vise. 


tDuMFRiES, Earl of; 

9.7 Clifton (of Leighton 

2.2 tJedbm-gh, Baron 

Crichton of Cumnock, 

Bromswold), Baron 

II. 3 ?Valentia, Vise. 



16.3 {Dillon, Fisc. 


t (iueensberry, Earl of 


14.9 Denbigh, Earl of 


tDouglas, Marq. of; 

3 1. 1 tMaderty, Baron 

22.11 ? Desmond, Earl of; Cal- 

t Abemethy & Jedbmgh 

8.6 t Dingwall, Baron 

lan, Vise. ; Feilding, 

Forest, Baron 




t Elgin, Earl of; Bruce of 

10.6 t Car dross , Baron 

1623., Baron 


8.7 Maidstone, Vise. 


+ Southesk, Earl of; Car- 

7.3 t St. Colme, Baron 

19.9 t Galloway, £«/•? 0/ 

negie of Kinnaird & 

17.4 t Moray, .KaW 0/, eonfmd. 


14.3 t Lauderdale, Earl of; 
Maitland, Vise.; Thir- 

Leuchars, Baron 

30.11 t Binning & BjTes, Baron 


tAncram, Earl of; Kerr 
of Nisbet &c.. Baron 


lestane i&Boltoun, Baron 


t Wemyss, Earl of; Elcho 

& Methel, Baron 
Lindsay of Balcarres, 


24.3 tEglinton, Earl of, con- 
firmed with former prec. 

29.12 "Westmorland, Earl of; 
Bui'ghersh, Baron 


30.6 Dormer, Baron 

Charles I., 1625-49. 


tDALHOUSiE, Earl of; 


2.4 t Lauderdale, Vise. 
14.4 t Carnegie of Kinnaird, 

30.4 t Melville (Leven), Baron 

9.7 Teynham, Baron 
19.7 I Avdee, Baron 
20.7 JMoore, Baron 


1.4 ? Chichester (Donegall), 
Vise. ; Chichester of 


Bamsay of Kerrington, 

Baron [Baron 

t Forrester (Veralam), 

Belfast, Baron 
18.4 JKilmorey, Vise. 



tAiRLiE, Earlof; Ogilvv 
of Alyth & Lintrathen, 

5.2 Manchester, £'aW 0/ 
7.2 Berkshire, Earl of 


t Eosehill, Baron 

6.9 ?Boyle of Youghal, Baron 
18.9 t Eoxburghe, Earl of; 

22.11 LiiUDSEY, Earlof 


tCARNWATH, Earl of; 
Dalzell & Liberton, 
■ Baron 


Stafford, Baron 

Ker of Cessford, Baron 

16.4 IMF. ATH, Earlof \ 

7. II Stanhope (Chesterfield), 

4.5 tDupplin, Vise.; Hay of 1 
Kinfauns. Baron j 



4.5 +NapierofMbrchistoun, 1 

1641. * 1 

8.5 5 Hamilton of Strabane, 

23.6 Poulett, Baron [Baron 


Capell, Baron \ 


10.7 SSherard, 5aron 


+ Leven, Earl of; Bal- 


10.8 t Melville (Leven), 7?aTO«, 

gonie. Baron 

17.2 I Lambart of Cavan, Baron 

2nd cr. 


t A R B u T 11 N t t, Vise. : 

2.8 Northampton, Earl of 

18.10 t Fairfax of Cameron, 

Inverbei-vie, Ba-on 

7.8 Devonshire, Earl of 


17. II 

tBalvaird, Baron 

2C.8 tBamsay of Dalhousie, 

Fitzalan of Clun & Os- 

1642. 1 


waldestre, Baron 


■Worcester, Marq. of 





+ Elibank, Baron 

+ Hamilton, Duke of; 

Clydesdale, Marq. of; 

AxTSiTL, Earl of : Lanark, 

Earl of; Cambridge, 

Earl of ; Aven, Baron ; 

Innerdale, Baron; Pol- 

mont. Baron; Machan- 

skti'e, Baron 
Sunderland, Earl of 
t Dysart, Earl of, 1st cr. 

(giving prec.) ; Hun- 

tingtower, Baron 
Byron, Baron 

Ward, Baron 
t Montrose, Marq. of 
Norfolk, Earl of 

t Selkirk, Earl of; Daer & 

Shortcleuch.i?a)-o?i (d7?if .) 
t Tweeddale, Earl of 

?Donegall, Earl of 
?Cavan, Earl of; Kil- 

coursie, Vise. 
+ N0ETHESK, Earl of 


Baron (orig.) 
+ Falconer, Baron 
t Kincardine, Earl of; 

Bruce of Tony, Baron 
t Cochrane of Dundonald, 

Charles II., 1649-85 

(in exile 1649-60, but made the 

interim creations). 


9.1 -t-BALCAREES, Earl of; 

Balniel, Baron 

10. 1 i'Ro'Ll.O, Baron 

12.7 Sandwich. Earl of; 
Hinchingbrooke, Vise. ; 
Montagu of St. Neots, 
5.9 lOnREUY, Earl of 
10.9 -f Aboyne. £'1 Wo/,- Gordon 
of Strathavon &,c.,Ba ro n 

21.11 ?Massereene, Vise; 

Loughneagh, Baron 

31.12 -t-NEWBURGH, Earl of; 

Kjmnaii-d, Vise. ; Lev- 
ingstone, Baron 

29.3 ?Cholmondeley, Vise. 

20.4 Essex, Earl of; Maiden, 

„ Cardigan, Earl of 
„ Townshend, Baron 
„ Ashley, Baron 
30.4 Carlisle, £'n?-?o/; Howard 
of Morpeth, Vise. ; 
Dacre, Baron 
14.6 IJiRoariF.DA, Earl of 

14.2 DoNCASTEE.^'arZo/,- Scott 

of Tyndale, Baron 
20.4 tBuccLEUCH. Duke of: 
Dalkeith. Earl of 
j 7.5 Lucas, Baron 


St. Liz, Baron 
Arlington, Baron 
I ? Charlemoxt, Vise. 

' Craven, Baron 
-i- Dundonald, Earl of; 
Cochrane of Paisley, 

t Dysart, Earl of, con- 
firmed (prec. of 1643) 
Arlington, Earl of; Thet- 

ford. Vise. 
Clifford of Chudleigh, 

Shaftesbury, Earl of; 

Cooper, Baron 
Euston,£'a;-^ of; Ipswich, 
Vise. ; Sudbury, Baron 

■t- Osebume of Dunblane, 

Latimer, Vise. ; Osborne, 


Finch, Baron 
Danby, Earl of 


t Belhaven & Stenton, 
Baron, 2nd cr. 

■t- Dunblane, Vise. 

Richmond, Duke of; 
March, Earl of; Set- 
trington. Baron 

t Lennox, Z?uA;e o/,- Dam- 
ley, Earl of; Methuen 
(of Torbolton), Baron 

Grafton, Duke of 

5 Granard, Vise. ; Clane- 
hugh. Baron 

■i- AthoU. iVarq. of ; Tulli- 
bardine, Earl of; Bal- 
quhidder. Vise. : Mur- 
ray, Balvenie, & Gask, 

Burford, Earl of; Hedtng- 
ton. Baron 

■i-KiNTORE, £■(!;■; o/,- Keith 
of Invei-urie, Baron 

land, Earl of; Tay & 
Paintland, Vise. ; Glen- 
orchy, Benederaloch, 
&c.. Baron 

HORNE, Earl of (new 
pat.) ; Lyon, Vise. ; 
Glamis, Tannadyce, &c., 


Manners of Haddon, Baron 

Berkeley, Earl of; Durs- 
ley, Vise. 

19.2 5D0WNB, Vise. 

27.1 tNAiRNE, ^aron 
12.5 Nottingham, i'fn-Z 0/ 
31.5 Lumlev, Baron 


11. 2 t Queensberry, 3Iarq. of 

24.11 Ossulston, Baron 
30.1T Abinqdois, Earl of 

,, + Aberdeen, £■«?■/ 0/; For- 
martine. Vise. ; Haddo, 
Methlic, &c.. Baron 
2.12 Beaufort, Duke of 
,, Dartmouth, Baron 

11. 12 Townshend of Raynham, 

,, 'Weymouth, Vise.; Thynne, 
■i-KiNNAiED, Baron 

Guilford, Baron 


10. 1 St. Albans, Duke of 
30.12 5 Granard, Earl of 

James II., 1685-88. 

14.4 tMelfort, Vise, (dorjnt.) ; 

Dmmmond of Gilstoun, 

14.5 Churchill (Marlborough), 

20.1 Waldegrave, Baron 
12.8 I-Mblfort, Earl of 
{dorrnt. ) ; Forth, Vise. ; 
Drummond of Eiccar- 
toun. Baron 
16.8 -i-DuNMORE, £rt;-? 0/; Fin- 
castle, Vise.; Murray of 
Blair, Baron 

6. 9 t Strathallan, Vise. ; Drum- 

mond of Cromlix, Baron 

6. 10 t Selkirk, iin/-? of, renewed, 

with Bnies. 
William III., 16S9-1702. 

9.4 Carmarthen, Marq. of 
,, Marlborough, Earl of 
„ Portland, Earl of: Wood- 
stock, Vise. ; Cirences- 
ter, Baron 

10.4 * Lumley, Vise. 

,, Cholmondeley, Baron 

20.5 Ashbumham, Baron 


8.4 tMELViLLE, Earl of; 

Kirkaldie, Vise.; Raith, 
Monymail, & Balwearie, 
15.4 SCARBROUGH, Earl of 

21.4 t Stair, Vise.; Glenluce & 

Strani'aer, Baron 

26.12 tP0LWARTH,5ara?i 


20.3 YiiMeTS, Vise. & Baron 

4.5 Leeds, Duke of 

11. 5 Bedford, Duke of 

Tavistock, Marq. of 
12.5 Devonshire, Duke of 

Hartington, Marq. of 
17.12 t Tweeddale, Marq. of 

Gifford, Earl of; Wal- 

den. Vise. 






13. ic 




Howland, Baron 
\ Lisbume, Vise; Vaughan 
of Fethard, Baron 
+ Orkney, Earl of ; Kirk- 
wall, Vise. ; Dechmont, 

Albemarle, Earl of; 
Bury, Vise. : Ashford, 
t March CWemvss & M.), 
Earl of; Peebles, Vise. ; 
Douglas of Neidpath 
&C., Baron 
Coventry, Earl of; Deer- 
hurst, Vise. 
I Jersey, Earl of 
Barnard, Baron 

+ Boyle of KelbuTD, &c., 

t Rosebery, Vise. ; Prim- 
rose & Dalmeny, Baron 
Argyll, Duke of; Lorn 
& Kintyre, Marq. of; 
Campbell & Co wall. Earl 
of ; Lochow & Glenyla, 
Vise. ; Inveraray, Mull, 
Morvem, &c.. Baron 
tLoTHiAN, Marq. of; An- 
cram. Earl of; Briene, 
Vise. ; Kerr of New- 
bottle, Baron 
tgEAFiELD.ifar^p/'.- Reid- 
haven. Vise. ; Ogilvy of 
Deskford, Baron 
\ Strabane, Vise. ; Mount- 
castle, Baron 

Anne, 1702-14. 

! Marlborough, Duke of; 
Blandford. Marq. of 

Guernsey, Baron 

Gower, Baron 

Conway of Ragley, Baron 

Hervey, Baron 

Rutland, Duke of; 
Granby, 3Iarq. of 

\8t Am,Earl of; Dalrymple, 
Vise.; Newliston, i?aro/i 

t Rosebery, Earl of; In- 
verkeithing. Vise. 

t Glasgow, Earl of; 

Kelbum, Vise. ; Boyle of 
Stewartoun &c., Baron 

tBuTE, Earl of; Kin- 
garth, Vise. ; Mount 
Stuart, Cumra, &o., 

tHoPETOUN, Earl of; 
Aithrie, Vise. ; Hope, 
■ Atholl, Duke of; Tulli- 
bardine, Marq. of; 
Strathardle & Strathtay, 
Earl of; Balquhidder, 
Glenalmond, & Glen- 
lyon. Vise. 

1703 — cant. 

26.11 tGamock, Vise.; Kil- 

bimie, Kingsburn, &c.. 

17.6 t Q,uebnsberry (Buc- 
cleuch), /)(tie 0// Dum- 
friesshire, Marq. of; 
Earl of; Nith, Toithor- 
wald, &c.. Vise. ; Doug- 
las of Kinmont, &c.. 

24.12 PouLETT, Earl; Hinton, 

27.12 Cholmondeley, Earl of; 
Malpas, Vise. 
tMoNTBOSE, Duke of ; 
Graham & Buchanan, 
Marq. of; Kincardine, 
Earl of ; Dundaif, Vise.; 
Aberruthven, Mugdock, 
&c., Baron 
tRoxBURGHE, Duke of; 
Bowmont & Cessford, 
Marq. of; Kelso, Earl 
of; Broxmouth, Vise. 
Peerages of Gt. Britain {from 
June 20, 1707) and of Ireland. 

3.Q Ferrers, Earl ; Tam- 
worth. Vise. 
Dartmouth, Earl of ; 

Lewisham, Vise. 
Boyle (of Marston), Baron 
Brando.v, Duhe of; 
Dutton, Baron 
3I.T2 Hay (of Pedwardine), 

I.I Middleton, Baron 
I.I Bathurst, Baron 


John of Lydiard Tre- 
goze. Baron 
16.10 J Conway (of Killultagh,) 

George I., 1714-27, 

19.10 Bristol, Earl of 
,, Tankerville, £^aW 0/ 
,, Ay'LESFord, Earl of 
12.4 SNewborough (Chol- 
mondeley), Baron 
13.4 ? Brodriok, -Barora 
21.4 ? Perceval, iJaran 
9.5 ? Carbeby, i?ii;-o» 
20. 10 \ Hamilton of Stackallan 

21.10 5 Newtown-Butler, ^aroM 

10.3 Parker of Macclesfield, 

19.6 Onslow, Baron 

22.6 Romney, Baron 

2.7 St. John (Bolingbroke), 
Vise. ; St. John of Bat- 
tersea, Baron 

6. 7 Portland, Duke of; Titch- 
fleld, 3Iarq. of 

10.7 Newburgh (Cholmon- 

deley), .Ba;-on 





16.7 JMolesworth, Vise.; 
Philipstown, Baron 

21.7 5F1TZWILLIAM, Eatl; 

Milton, Vise. 


2Q.6 5 Chetwynd, Ffsc. / Rath- 

downe, Baron 

2.7 Stanhope of Mahon, Vise.; 

Stanhope, Baron 

15.8 JMlDLETON, Vise. 

20. 8 5 BoYNE, Vise. 

21.8 5 Hillsborough, Vise.; Hill 

of Kilwarlin, Baron 
4.9 \ Southwell, Baron 

14.4 Stanhope, Earl 

1.5 5AYLMERdeBalrath,-Baron 

8.5 Cadogan, Baron 

23. 5 C0BHA.M, Vise. & Baron 


28.4 Manchester, Duke of 

29.5 JGbimston, Vise.; Dun- 

,boyne, Baron 

9.6 Falmouth, Vise^ ; 

Boscawen-Rose, Baron 

1 1. 6 Lymington, Fisc. ; 

Wallop, Baron 

1.7 JBarrinqton, Vise. & 


14.9 5 Gage, Vise. & Baron 

4. 1 1 ? Tyrone, Vise. ; Beresford, 

II. 9 ? Bessborough, ^ffj'on 
14.9 } Clifton of Rathmore, 

21.9 Torbington, Vise. ; Byng, 

15. 1 1 Macclesfield, £aW of; 
Parker, Vise. 
23.5 Graham, Earl; Graham of 

Belford, Baron 
23.11 Percy (Atholl), Baron 


17. 1 5 Kerry, Earl of ; 

Clanmaurice, Vise. 

25.2 ? Perceval, Fi«c. 
28.2 5 Duncannon, Fisc. 

7.3 ?Darnley, Vise. 
1.6 Walpole of Walpole, Baron 

25.5 King of Ockham, Baron 

29.6 ?Darnley, £•(?/■? 0/ 

George II., 1727-60. 

17.7 5 Galway, Vise. ; Killard, 


28.5 Hobart, Baron 
,, MoNSON, Baron 

12.8 SLanesborougb, Vise. 


13.9 Waldegrave, .E'aW / 

Chewton, Vise. 
6.1 Harrington, Bffron 

14.5 ASHBURNHAM, £■«;•? 0/; 

St. Asaph, Vise. 

Historic Peerage. 

47 i 








10.4 ? 

? Castle Durrow, Baron 
\ Bgmont, Earl of 
\ Desart, Baron 
Hardwicke, Baron 
Talbot (Shrewsb.), Baron 


?Bessborough, Earl of 

nchester & Strangways, 

Harrington, £■'?)■? 0/; 

Petersham, Vise. 
Fitzwilliam of aiilton, 

Edgcumbe, Baron 

Portsmouth, Earl of 
5 Newport (Eoden), ^aron 

{ Powerscourt, Vise; 
"Wingfleld, Baron 
Bruce of Tottenbam, Baron 
Fortescue, Baron 
Brooke, Earl 
Gower, Earl; Trentham, 

?Momington, Baron 
ITjvoixc, Earl of 
Buckinghamshire, Earl of 
PiTZWiLLiAM, Earl ; 
M-ilton, Vise. 
Ilchester, Stavordale, &c.. 

Lbinster, Vise. 
Folkestone, Vise. ; Long- 
ford (Radnor), Baron 
JCarrick, Earl of 

PoNSONuy {oi Sysonby), 

Northumberland, Earl of; 
Warkworth, Baron 
Vere, Baron 
Knapton, Baron 
Hertford, Earl of; 
Beauohamp, Vise. 


5 Hillsborough, Earl of ; 

Kilwarlin, Vise. 

?Fitzmaurice, Vise.; 

Dunkeron, Baron 


Gdilford, Earl of 

SShelbuine, Earl of 
JPollington, Baron 


Hardwicke, Earl of; 

Boyston, Vise. 


?Jocelyn, Vise. 

{Shannon, £(!;•? 0/; Boyle 
of Bandon, Vise. ; Castle 
Martyr, Baron 
{Mountmorres, Baron 
J Russborough, Baron 

1756— coni. 
6.5 ?Farnham, Baron 

7.5 JLongford, Baron 

3.6 Hyde, Baron 

4.6 Walpole of Wolterton, 

17.6 Ilchester, Earl of 

20.7 JLanesborough, ifaW 0/ 
1 7. 1 1 Newcastle, Duke of 

,, Hai-wich, Baron 

15.8 ?Sudley, Vise.; Saunders, 


18.9 JLiSLE, Baron 
19.9 ? Courtown, -Barow 

20.9 \ Annesley of Castlewellan, 


30.11 Warwick, £"0;-? 0/ 

17.5 Wycombe of Chipping 

Wycombe, Baron 
22.5 Sondes, Baron 
20. 8 ? MountEagle of Westport, 

6.9 ?Headfort, Baron 
S.g ?Russborough, Vise. 

„ ? Mountfiorence, -Baro)) 

2.10 JMoRNiNOTON, £ari 0/; 

Wellesley, Vise. 

George III., 1760- 1820. 

1S.3 De La Wakr, £'(ir?; 
Cantelupe, Vise. 

19.3 5Kildare, Marq. of ; 

Offaly, Earl of 
3.4 Spencer, Vise. & Baron 
,, Mount Stuart, Baron 
7.4 Grantham, Baron 
8.4 Grosvenor, Baron 

9.4 Scarsdale, Baron 

10.4 Bosros, Baron 

,, JWinterton, Baron 

15.3 ? Clive (of Plasseyl , Baron 

12.4 ?Arran, Earl of 

,, ?Courtown, £(7r? 0// 

Stopford, Vise. 
,, ?Headfort, Vise. " 

4.5 Pelham, Baron 

7.5 LoTKL & Holland, Baron 

12.5 Vernon of Kinderton, 



27.4 Dueie, Baron 

10.5 {Milltown, Earl of {dmt.) 

29.6 {MOUNTMORRES, Vise. 


13.7 {Kingston, Baron 


17.7 Camden, Baron 

19.8 *DiGBY, Baron 

31.10 Radnor, ^aWo/,- Pleydell- 

Bouverie, Baron 

1. 11 Spencer, Earl; Althorp, 

Vise., 1st cr. 
II. 2 JMexborough, Earl of ; 

Pollington, Vise. 
12.2 5W1NTEKTON, £'«/'Z; 

Tumour, Vise. 
22.10 Northumberland, Diihe 

of; Percy, Earl 


1766— co»<. 

{Bective, Earl of 
JGlerawly, Vise, 
SKingsborough, Vise. 
jClanwilliam, Vise.; 

Gillford, Baron 
?Leinster, Duke of 
Sundridge, Baron 

?Mulgrave, Baron 

?LifFord, Baron 
{Erne, Baron 
{Westport, Vise. 
{Kingston, Earl of 

{Arden, Baron 
{Dawson, Baron 
{Bangor, Baron 

Apsley, Baron 
{RoDEN, Earl of 
{Sefton, Earl of 
{Altamont, Earl of 

Bathurst, Earl 
Hillsborough, Earl of; 
Fairford, Vise. 

{Westcote, Baron 
Hamilton of Hameldon, 

Brownlow, Baron 
Cardiii', Baron 
HaiTOwby, Baron 
Hawke, Baron 
Foley, Baron 
Cranley, Baron 
AilesbiU'y, Earl of 
Clarendon, Earl oj 
{Doneraile, Baron 
{Macdonald, Baron 
{Lisburne, Earl of 
{Southwell, Vise. 
{De Vesci, Vise. 
{Clanwilliam, Earl of 
{Enniskillen, Vise. 
Kensington, Baron 
Goafoi-d, Baron 
{Clonmore, Baron 
{Newborough, Baron 
{ Carlo w. Vise. 
{Lucan, Baron 
ICliidien, Baron 
{Naas, Baron 
JTempletown, Baron 
{Massy, Baron 
Mansfield (of Notts., 1 
Earldom), Earl of 

Dynevor, Baron 
Walsinoham, Baron 
Bagot, Baron 
Porohester, Baron 
Southampton, Baron 


{LlFEORD, Vise. 

{Conyngham, Baron 
{MusKERRY, Baron 
{Desart, Vise. 
{Erne, rise. 
{Belmore, Baron 
{Bangor, Vise. 

iCLIFDEN, Vise. 






1 3. 1 ?Mayo, Vise. 
16.1 \Wellea, Baron 

24.8 Salisbury, Marq. of 

4.6 Stuart op Castle Stuart 

31.8 Mount Edgcumbb, Earl of 

(Moray), Baron 

5 . 3 Mount Edgcumbei & 

1.9 FORTESCUE, ^flH; 

6.6 Stewart of- Garlies, 

Valletort, Vise. 

Ebi-ington, Vise. 



20.9 ? Londonderry, Baron 

7.6 Saltersfobd, Baron 

9.4 Grantlby of Markenfield, 

21. 9 ?KiLMAiNE, £aro« 

II. 6 *Brodrick, SaroM 


22.9 ?Cloncurry, Baron 

15.6 Calthorpe, Baron 

ig.6 Rodney, Baron 

18. II ?Auckland, .Baj-on 

18.6 Harewood, Baron 

2.9 ?HooD, Baron 

6.12 ?Belmore, Vise. 

21.6 Cawdor, -Baron 


„ ?Conyngham, Vise. 

9.7 ?Huntis_gfield, Baron 

10.10 JHarberton, Baron 

28.12 -{Loftus, Vise. 

16.7 JCarrington, Bacon 

11.10 JLeitrim, i?aTO?! 


23.7 Newark, Vise.; PieiTe- 

16.10 ? Donoughmore, Baron 

2.6 ?Glentworth, Baron 

pont, Baron ? Sheffield of Roscom- 

3.6 SClonbrock, Baron 

8.8 ?Londonderry, ^FaHo/ 

mon. Baron 

5.6 JOriel, .Earon JRosSMORE, jBa?-on 


6.6 {Caledon, Baron 


28.1 Lovaine of Alnwick, Ba?'on 

3.7 ElSHERWlCK, 5rt;-on 

3.3 {Teignmouth, Baron 

30.1 Eliot, Barott 

6.7 Verulam, Baron 

17.3 JHOTHAM, Baron 

17.5 Abergnvemij, Earl 0/ ; 

15.10 Abercorn, Marq. of 

20.10 Bolton, Baron 

Nevill, Vise. 

I. II *Gage, Saron 

„ * Can-ington, Baron 

„ SoHEES of Evesham, Baron 

2. 1 1 Beverley, Earl of 

,, Minto, Baj'on 

18.5 Boringdon, J^otok 


26.10 Lowther, Fisc. & Baron 

19.5 Uxbridge, Earl 0/ 

27.6 ?D0NEGALL, jVarg. 0/; 

„ Lilford, Baron 

„ Berwick, Baron 

Belfast, £■«;■? oy 

„ Eibblesdale, Baron 

20.5 Sherborne, Baron 

5.7 $Harbeeton, Fi'sc. 

,, Wodehouse, Baron 

„ ?Earlsfort, Baron 

„ 5 Northland, Fisc. 

30.10 Duncan, Vise. & Baron 

3.7 TALBOT(Shrewsbury&T.), 


5. 1 1 ? Conyngham, £'a?-Z ; 

Earl; ingestre. Vise. 

12.6 Thurlow, Baron 

Mount Charles, Vise. 

5.7 Grosvenor, Earl; Belgrave, 

14.6 JWaterpark, Bai-on 

14. II ?Cremorne, Bm-on 


1.8 Mansfield (of Middx., 

,, JHeadley, AUanson, & 

6.12 Lansdowne, Maru. 0/; 

2nd Earldom), Earl of 

Winn, Baron 

Wycombe, Earl 0/ : 

25.9 } Oxmantown, 5aro« 

20.11 ^BmMOW., Earl oj 

Calne & Calstone, Vise. 

'793- ^ 

22.5 * Auckland, -Baron 

„ SDonoughmore, Vise. 


22.11 ?Feerard, Vise. 

19.6 JAnteim, Earl of (new 

3.7 Carnarvon, Earl of 

23.11 ?Caledon, Vise. 

pat.) ; Dunluce, Vise. 

5.7 Hertford, Marq. of; 

„ ?Monck, Baron 

20.6 ? Longford, £'«ri of 

Yarmouth, Earl of 

24.11 {Norwood, Saron 

„ SGosford, Vise. 

30.11 {Bandon, Baron 

25.11 ?Kilconnel, Baron 

21.6 ?PoRTARLINGTON, Earl Of 

3.12 ?Leitrim, Vise. 

1. 12 ?Crofton, Baron 

22.6 ?DONERAILE, Vise. 

5.12 {Hawarden, Ffsc. 


23.6 ^Wicklow, Fisc. 

20.12 ^De.sart, Earl of: Castle 

12.2 ?Kenmare, Vise.; 

24.6 UiAYO, Earl of 

Cuife, Vise. 

Castlerosse, Baron 

28.6 ^Loftus, TJrtron 

,, 5"WlCKLOW, £^«)-?o/ 

12.3 JFfrexch, Baron 

29.6 ?DeMontalt, £aron 

,, ?Clonmell, Earl of 



„ 5Castlestuart, Fisc. 

23.4 Cumberland & Teviot- 

1.3 Stafford (Sutherland), 


dalb, Duke, of; 

Marq. of 

2.3 l-Ely. Earl of 

Armagh, Earl of 

13.5 Camden, Earl; Bayham, 

12.8 ? Bridport, iJoron 

18.7 Eldon, Baron 


13.8 Bradford, Baron 

g.ii 5 Henley, Baron 

8.8 Hamilton (Abercorn), 

„ Clive of Walcot, Baron 



„ Curzon of Penn, Baron 

30.7 ?DeBlaquiere, Baron 
31.7 ^Langford, Baron 

„ SDufferin & Claneboye, 

18.8 Strange, Earl ; Murray 

„ Dundas, Baron 

of Stanley, Baron 

„ Lyttelton of E'rankley, 

21.8 *Tyrone, Baron 



„ Carleton, Bai-on 

„ Mendip, Baron 

„ ?Henniker, Baron 

,, SuFFiELD, Bai-on 

„ * Mulgrave, Baron 

„ ?Ventry, Baron 

'787. ,^ 

,, Yarborough, Baron 

„ 5 Wallscourt, Baron 

21.10 Townshend, 3Iarq. 

24.10 ? Graves of Gravesend, 

„ ?DuNALLEY, Baron 



,, JClanmorris, Baron 

9.6 * Kenyon of Gredington, 


„ {Ennismore, Baron 

. Baron 

27.3 Hood, 7?a/o« 

„ ^Adare, Baron 

19.8 Howe, Baron 

12.6 ?Somerton, i?(i)Wi 

6.8 iBASDOS, Earl of; 

5.9 Braybrooke, Baron 

30.9 ?Leitrim, Earl of 

Bernard, Vise. 

6.9 Amherst, ^aron (Earl A.) 

1. 10 ?Lucan, Earl of 

20.12 JRadstock, Baron 

ig.g Malmesbury, Baron 

„ ?Castlereagh, Vise. 

27.12 Cadogan, Earl ; Chelsea, 


6.10 5Bandon, Vise. 

„ {Norbury, Baron [Vise. 

17.8 ?Anneslky, Earl 

31.10 Loughborough, Baron 

„ j Gardner, Baron (drmt.) 

18.8 Bath, Marq. of 


,, ?Ashtown, Baron 

„ } Enniskillen, £'arZo/ 

27.2 Bute, iUarj.o/; "Windsor, 

,, ?Claeina, Baron 

„ lEnyK, Earl of 

£■«;•« 0// Mountjoy, 

20.12 JHeadfort, 3Iarq. of 

„ SClonmell, p-f^c. 


',. JEly, 3Jarq. of 

19.8 JWaterfohd, Marq. of 

28.5 Rous, ^flron 

„ Malmesbury, Ear! of; 

20.8 JDowNSHiRE, 3Iarq. of 

1.6 Hood, Vise. 

FitzHarris, Vise. 

Historic Peerage. 


l8oo— core^. 



29.13 ?Clanriearde, Earl of, new 


Ailsa, Baron 


JMount Earl, Vise. 



"Gardner, Baron [dormt.) 

25.10 De Grey, Earl \ 

„ 5Sligo, Marq. of 



Exmouth, Vise. 

„ JCastlbstewart, Earl 


Lonsdale, Earl of 


„ SLimerick, Vise. 

Manners, Baron 


Colchester, Baron 

„ ?Erris, Baron 


Cathcart, Vise. ; Greenock, 


30.12 jSomerton, Vise. 


28. IC 

JGarvagh, Baron 

31.12 ?DoNOTTGHMORE, Earl of 


*Hopetoun, Baron 

Peerages of U. Kingdom and 'ad- 


George iv., 1S20-30. | 

ditional of Ireland (from Jan. 1). 


Harrowby, Earl of ; 



Sandon, Vise. 


Hutchinson, Vise. 

I.I ?Caledon, Earl of 


Wellington, Vise.; Douro, 


Eldon, Earl of; Encombe, 

3.1 SKenmake, £oW i/; 



Castlerosse, Vise. 



Howe, Earl 

„ iDvmlo, Vise. 


JKiltarton, Baron 


AiLESBURY, Marq. of; 

S.I 5M0NCK, Vise. 


Bruce, Earl; Savemake, 

19. 1 *L0FTUS, Baron 


Wellington, Earl of 


4.2 Exeter, 3Iarq. of 


Northampton, Marq. of; 

Keb (of Kersheugh), 5aro?j 

21.4 EOSSLYN, Earl of 

Compton, Earl; Wil- 


Minster, Baron 

27.4 St. Vincent, Vise. 

mington, Baron 

* Ormonde, Baron 

28.5 Abercrombt, Baron 

Camden, Marq. ; Breck- 

*Wemyss, Baron 

1S.6 Craven, £aHo/,' 

nock, Earl of 


Silchesteb, Baron 

Uffington, Vise. 

Harewood, Earl of; 

■*Oriki., Baron 

10.6 Onslow, Earl of; Cranley, 

Lascelles, Vise. 

Ravensworth, Baron 


Mulgrave, Earl of; Nor- 


Delamere, Baron 

22.6 ROMNEY, ^aj'Z o/,- 

manby. Vise. 

Forester, Baron 

Marsham, Vise. 

3.10 Wellington, Marq. of 


Glenlyon, Baron 

23.6 Chichester, Earl of 


JDecies, Baron 


Stradbroke, Earl of 

,, Grey of Howick, Baron 

24. IS 

SCastlemaine, Baron 

Dunwich, Vise. 

26.6 Wilton, iTart 0/; Grey de 



Eayleigh, Baron 

WUton, Vise. 


MiNT0,£'«rZ of; Melgund, 


18.8 Nelson, Baron 



Temple of Stowe, Earl 




5K1LMOREY, Earl of ; 

27.2 Curzon, Fjsc. 


Wellington, Duke of; 

Newry & Moume, Vise. 

ig.4 Ellenboroijgh, Baron 

Douro, Marq. 


?Dunravbn & Mount 

19.6 Sandys, Baron 


Combei-mere, Baron 

Earl, Earl of; Adare, 

28.7 *Ai'den, Baron 

Niddry, Baron 


24.12 Melville, ; 


Gordon, Vi.'^e. 

§LiSTOWEL, Earl of 

Duneira, 5ayon 


Exmouth, Baron 

VANE,£ar^;"Seaham, Vise. 
*Clancarty, Vise. 

Gifford, Baron 
tNairne, Baron, restored 


22.1 llA-a^mcK, Earl of 

12.2 JClancarty, i'nf)-/ of 



Stewart of Stewart's 

Court. Baron 
Cathcart, Earl 


4.6 Botetourt, Baron, 

confirmed by pat. 
14. S Powis, Earl of; Clive, 



Anglesey, Marq. of 
Trench, Baron 


Meldrum, Baron 


Vise. ; Powis. Baron ; 

Grinstead, Baron 

29. IC 

Ormonde, Marq. of 

Herbert of Chirbury, 

FoxFORD, Baron 




Churchill, Baron 


Bristol, Marq. 



Harris, Baron 

JermjTi, Earl 

12. 1 SiDMOUTH, Vise. 


Granville, Vise. 


WiGAN, Baron 

1.5 Barham, Baron 

17. II 

Brownlow, Earl; 


*Ranfurly, Baron 

20.11 Nelson, Earl; Merton of 

Alford, Vise. 


Whamcliffe, Baron 

Trafalgar, Vise. 


Cholmondeley, Marq. of; 


Feversham, Baron 


Rocksavage, Earl of 


Seaford, Baron 

1.2 ?Rendlesham, Baron 


Vesulam, Earl of; 


Amherst, Earl; 

3.2 ?Rosse, £■«?■« p/ 

4.2 JGOSFORD, i'ari 0/ 

„ 5 Norm ANTON, Earl of 
10.2 Erskine, Baron 

Grimston, Tise. 

Holmesdale, Vise. 


St. Germans, Earl of 



Morley, ^aWo/.- 


Combermere, Vise. 

Boringdon, Vise. 


Godeiich, Vise. 

13.2 JTempletown, Vise. 


Bradford, Earl of; 


Tenterden, Baron 

15.2 Ardrossan, ^ara« 

Newport, Vise 

Plonket, Baron 

17.2 Anson, Vise.; Soberton, 


Beauchamp, Earl; 


?NouBURY, Earl of; 


Elmley, Vise. 

Glandine, Vise. 

20.2 *Monteagle (of 



Cawdor, Earl; Emlyn, | 

Westport), Baron 


{Londonderry, Marq. of 


24.2 *Granakd, Baron 


JEnnismore & Listowel, 


26.2 Beauchamp, i?«;-o/i 


21. 1 

Cowley, Baron 

9.4 Manvers, Earl 

16. 1 

Hill of Almarez, &c., Baron 


Heytesbury, Baron 

10.4 Oeford, i'ac?^/ 


5C0NYNGHAM, Marq. ; 


*Rosebery, Baron 

1 1. 4 Grey, .EaW; Howick, 

Mount Charles, Earl of; 


*Clanwilliam, Baron 


Slane, Vise. 


Durham, Baron 

28.5 SLorton, Vise. 


5G0KT, Vise. 


Skelmersdale, Baron 



5.6 Wynfobd, Baron 
William IV., 1830-7. 

28.1 JQuiLLAMORE, Fi'sc; 

O' Grady, Baron 

26.5 ?Talbot op Malahidb, 

Baron ; Malahide, Baron 
4.6 MuNSTER, Earl oj; Fitz- 
Clarence, Vise.; Tewkes- 
bury, Baron 

17.6 Kilmarnock, Baron 
20.6 * FiNGALL, Baron 

,, *Sbfton, Baron 

,, Clements, Baron 
10.9 AlLSA, Marq. 

,, Burlin^on, Earlof; 

Cavendish of Keighley, 

„ Chaworth, Baron 

,, *Ddnmore, Baron 

„ Oakley, Baron 

,, PoLTiMORE, Baron 

,, MosTYN, Baron 

,, Tbmplemore, Baron 
12. 9 Campekdowi^, Earl 0/ 
13.9 Westminster, Marq. of 
14.9 ?Ranfurly, Earl of 

,, *Cloncukry, -Ba;-on 
15.9 Lichfield, Earl oJ 

,, De Saumarbz, Baron 
■xo.q Kenlis, Baron 

14.5 Godolphin, Baron 
22.12 Stanley of Bickerstaffe, 

Sutherland, Duke of 
Durham, Earl of; 

Lambton, Vise. 
Ripen, Earl of 
Granville, Earl ; 

Leveson, Baron 
Denman, Baron 
?Carew, Baron 
Duncannon, Baron 


Abinoer, Baron [Bar 
Db L'Isle & Dudley, 
Canterbury, Vise..; 

Bottesford, Baron 
HatherTon, Baron 
Strafford, Baron 
WoRLiNGHAM, Baron 

Cottenham, Baron 
Strathedbn, Baron 
?Oranmorb & Browne, 


27.1 Effingham, Earl of 

,, Portman, Baron 

28.1 DuciE, Earl of ; Moreton, 

,, * Lovat, iJacon {Baron 

30.1 Yarborough, Earl of; 
Worsley, Baron 

„ Batbman, Baron 

Victoria, 1 837-1901. 

Premier, Vise. Melbourne. 
(April 18, 1835 to Sept. 6, 1841.) 
ti.8 ln^BS, Earl 

1837 — cont. 
12. 8 Leicester, Earl of; 
Coke, Vise. 
25.6 " Normanby, Marq. of 

30.6 Lovelace, Earl of; 

Ockham, Vise. 
2.7 Zetland, Earl of 
5.7 * KiNTORE, -Ba/'ore 
7.7 * Rossmorb, 5aro»j 
9.7 * Carew, iSncon 

10.7 Db Mauley, Baron 
II. 7 Weottbsley, Baron 
12.7 Sudeley, Baron 

13.7 Methuen, Baron 


g.S *Stanley of Alderlby, 

II. 5 Leigh, Baron 
13.5 Wenlock, Baron 

14.5 LuKGAN, Baron 

5.9 Monteaglb of Brandon, 
14.12 Seaton, Baron 
1841. . 

30.6 Campbell (of St. 

Andrews), Baron 

11. 8 Oxbnfoord, Baron 

16.8 Gainsborough, Earl of ; 
Campden, Vise. ; Noel, 
1 18.8 Vivian, Baron [Baron 

19.8 Congleton, Baron 
Premier, Sir R. Peel. 
(Sept. 6, 1841 to Jnly 6, 1846.) 
I 1842. 

27. g Hill, Vise. 
! 1846. 

I 25.4 Gough, Baron 
I 2.5 Haedingb, Vise. 
j 6/7 Ellesmere, £■«)•; o/; 
Brackley, Vise. 
Premier, Loed .T. Russell. 
(July 6, 1846 to Feb. 27. 1852.) 
I 1847. 

I 18. Q Strafford, Earl of ; 
1 Enfield, Vise. 

I ,, Acheson, Baron 
! 20.9 Dartrey, Baron 
\ 1848. 

1 12.5 Eddisbury, Baron 
10.7 ?Bellbw, Baron 

6 Gough, Vise. 
II * Elgin, Baron 

I Clandeboye, Ba?'on 

4.3 Londesborough, Baron 
6 Cottenham, Earl of; 

Crowhurst, Vitie. 

5.4 De Frbyne, Baron 
Premier, Earl op Derby. 
(Feb. 27 to Dec. 28, 1852. 

1.3 St. Leonards, Baron 
20.10 Raglan, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Aberdeen. 

(Dec. 28, 1852 to Feb. 10, 1855.) 

(No creation made.) 

Premier, Vise. Palmerston. 

(Feb. 10, 1855 to Feb. 25, 1858.) 


26.2 Aveland, Baron 

12.3 * Kenmaee, -Caco/j 

1856 -eont. 

29.8 Belper, Baron 

10.9 ?Fekmoy, Baron [Baron 
ig.ii * Talbot de Malahide, 

1 1. 4 Cowley, Earl; Dangan, 
10. 9 'Ebv'B.y , Baron [Vise. 

15.1 Chesham, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 
(Feb. 25, 1858 to June 18, 1859.) 
1.3 Chelmsford, Baron 
2.8 Churston, Baron 

■ 1859. ^ 
14.4 Leconfield, Baron 

16.4 Tredegar, Baron 

15.5 Egerton of Tatton, 


23.6 * Winton, Earl of 
Premier, Visc. Palmerston. 

(June 18, 1859 to Nov. 6, 1865.) 
28.6 Lyveden, Baron 




Dudley, Earl of ; Ednam, 

Brougham & Vaux, Baron 
*Kinnaird, Baron 

Herbert of Lea, Baron 
Westbury, -Baron [Vise. 
Russell, Earl ; Amberley, 
Cromartib, Earl of ; 
Tarbat, Vise. ; Castle- 
haven & MacLeod, 

3 Annaly, Baron 
3 Houghton, Baron 
12 SAthlumney, Baron 

27.4 Buckhurst, Baron 

Premier, Earl Russell. 
(Nov. 6, 1865 to July 6, 1866.) 

3.1 RoMiLLY, Baron 
4.1 Northbrook, Baron 
21.2 Halifax, Visc. 

3.5 Meredyth, Baron 

1.6 Kimbbrley, Earl 

12.6 Kbnry, Baron 

12.7 Dartrey, -Ba;-; 0/ 
,, *Monck, Baron 

Premier, Earl of Derby. 
CJuly 6, 1866 to Feb. 27, i858.) 
13.7 Hartismeee, Baron 
14.7 Lytton, Baron 
19.7 Hylton, Baron 
3.8 Pbnbhyn, Baron " 
^1.8 Branckpbth, Baron 

27.2 Cairns, Baron 

Premier, Ben.i. Disraeli. 
(Feb. 27 to Dec. 9, 1868.) 
16.4 Okmatuwaite, Baron 
18.4 O'Neill, Baron 

6.7 Beidport, Vise. 

17.7 Napier op Magdala, 

25.7 Feversham, Earl of ; 

Helmsley, Vise. 

10.8 { Abercorn, Duke of; 

Hamilton, Marq. of 
8.12 *Gormanston, iJarore 

Historic Peerage. 


1868— con^ 

21.12 5 Rathdonnell, 5aron 

Premier, W. E. GLADSTONE. 

(Dec. 9, 1868 to Feb. 21, 1874.) 


4.4 Lawrence, Baron 
29.6 Dunning, Baron 

7.12 Balinhard, Baron 

8.12 Hake, Baron [Baron 

9.12 Howard of Glossop, 

10.12 Castletown, Baron 

II. 12 Acton, Baron 

13.12 Robartes, Baron 

14.12 Wolverton, Baron 

15.12 Gbeville, Baron 

3.5 Klldare, Baron 
14.6 O'Hagan, Baron 


25.3 Sandhurst, Baron 
23.5 RiPON, Marq. oj 

13. 1 1 Dufferin, £■«)•« 0/; aande- 
boye, Fj'sc. 
' 7 Ettrick, Baron 
10 ^elbome. Baron 


3 Breadalbane, Baron 

3 Portman, Fisc. 

4 * Somerton, i?aro« 

5 Abekdare, Baron 

I MoNCREiEF, Baron 
I Coleridge, Baron 

1 EiiLT, Baron 

2 Westminster, Z)uA:e 0/ 

3 Cottesloe, Baron 
Premier, B. Disraeli (Earl 

of Beaconsfieh.d). 
(Feb. 21, 1874 to Apr. 28, 1880.) 
6.3 Hampton, Baron 


earn, Duke oJ; Sussex, 
Earl oJ 


11. 6 Douglas (of Douglas), 

Baron [Baron 

12.6 Ramsay (of Glemnark), 

13. 1 Gordon (Richmond & G.), 
DukeoJ; Kinrara, Earl 
,, Fermanagh, Baron 
14. 1 Abergavenny, J/"a;-2. 0/; 
Lewes, Earl oJ 
,, Harlech, Baron 
15. 1 "Wharncliffe, Earl of; 
Carlton, Vise. 
„ Alington, Baron 
17. 1 Tollemache, i?a.TOn 
1 8. 1 Gerard, Baron 
10.6 NoRTHBROOK, Earl of; 

Baring, Vise. 
2.10 SaCkville, Baron 

1878. j 

16.4 Norton, Baron 1 
4.5 Cranbrook, Vise. 

27.9 Cairns, ^arf; Garmoyle, 


1880. i 

15.4 Shute, Baron 
23.4 Bolsover, Baron 
28.4 Lytton, Earl of; Kneb- 

worth, Vise. 

! 29.4 Haldon, Baron 

30.4 WiMBOKNE, Baron 
j 3.5 Lathom, Earl of 

■ „ Lamington, Baron 

4.5 Sondes, Earl; Throwley, 

,, Donington, Baron 

5.5 Trevor, Baron 
! Premier, "W. E. Gladstone. 
I (Apr. 28, 1880 to June 24, 1885.) 

26.5 Brabourne, Baron 
\ 1881. 

I II. 3 Ampthill, Baron 
I 24.5 AhBASY, Duke of ; 
! Clarence, Earl of; 

j ArMow, Baron 

I 6.10 *Tweeddale, 5aro« 
j 8.10 *Reay, Baron 
' 10. lo Derwent, Baron 
j Hothfield, ^aro?i 
12.10 Tweedmouth, Baron 

30.12 Selborne, Earl of; 
■Wolmer, Vise. 

24.1 Tennyson, Sarori 
4.3 Hampden, Vise. 
17.6 Strathspey, -Barort 
4. II Monk Bretton, Baron 
5. 1 1 Noethbourne, Baron 
7. II Sudley, Baron (E. of 

26.6 Halsbury, Baron (S.) 
27.6 *PowERSCOURT, Baron 
28.6 Northington, Baron 
29.6 Rothschild, Baron 

30.6 Revelstoke, Baron 

(S., cr. by Salisbury.) 
Premier, Marq. of Salisbury. 
(June 24, 1885 to Feb. 6, 1886.) 
1.7 Monkswell, Baron (G.) 
3.7 Iddesleigh, Earl of; St. 

Cyres, Vise. 
4.7 Ashbourne, Baron 
6.7 St. Oswald, Baron 

11. 7 Breadalbane, Ilarq. of; 

OrmeUe, Earl of (G.) 
24.7 Esher, Baron 

2b. O WOLSELEY, Viscfss. 

18. 11 Deramore, i?rtron 

29.12 Montagu of Beaulieu, 

30.12 * Elphinstone, i?aro« 
31.12 * Colville of Culross, ^aron 

(G., cr. by Gladstone.) 

8.2 Heeschell, Baron (G.) 
15.2 HiLLlNGDON, Baron 
16.2 HiNDLiP, Baron 

17.2 Grimthorpe, Baron 
Premier, "W. E. Gladstone. 

(Feb. 6 to Aug. 3, 1886.) 

22.3 Stalbridge, Baron 
23.3 * Kensington, Baron 
14.8 Hamilton of Dalzell, 

16.8 Brassey, Baron 
PremierjMARQ. op Salisbury. 
(Aug. 3, 1886 to Aug. 18, 1892.) 
ig.S Cross, Vise. 
27.8 Stanley of Preston, Baron 

Londesborough, Earl of; 

RaincUfle, Vise. 
Bowes, Baron 
MoNCKTON, Baron 
St. Levan, Baron 
Magheramornb, Baron 
Basing, Baron 
De Ramsey, Baron 
Chey'LESMOBB, Baron 
Addington, Baron 

23.2 Knutsford, Baron 

27.10 Savile, Baron 

17. 1 1 DUFFERIN & AvA, Marq^. 

of ; Ava, Earl of 
1 9. 1 Iveagh, Baron 

23.6 Mount Stephen, Baron 

15.7 Masham, Baron 

14.8 Macdonald of Earns- 


10. II Hambleden, Vise. 

7.4 * Argyll, -Dw^e 0/ 
20.6 Cromer, Baron 

22.8 Zetland, Marq. oj : 

Ronaldshay, Earl of 
,, Cranbrook, Earl oJ ; 

Medway, Baron 

„ Ancastee, Earl of 

„ Ashcombe, Baron 

24.8 Blythswood, -BacoJj 

25.8 Crawshaw, Baron 

26.8 Amherst of Hackney, 

Ba ron 
27.8 Newton, Baron 
29.8 Dunleath, Baron 

Premier, "W. E. Gladstone. 
(Aug. 18, i892toMarch3, 1894.) 
3.0 Playfaik, Baron 

g.6 Swansea, Baron 
22.6 Fakrer, Baron 

24.6 Hawkesbury, Baron 

21. 5 Stanmore, Baron 
Premier, Earl of Rosebeby. 

(March 3, 1894 to July 2, 1895.) 

9.5 Peel, Vise. 

16.7 Carrington, Earl; Wen- 

dover, Vise. 
1S.7 Loch, Baron 
19.7 Crewe, Earl of 
25.7 Ashton, Baron 

3.8 Burghclere, Baron 

Premier, Marq. of Salisbury. 

(July 2, 1895 to July 13, 1902-) 

3.8 Knutsford, Vise. 
14.11 Ratiimore, Baron 

3 1. 1 Aldenham, Baron 

8.6 Heneagb, Baron 

17.6 Roos of Belvoir, Baron 
IT. 8 RoSMEAD, ^aron 

5.2 KiNNEAR, Baron 

23.7 Fairlie, Baron 
24.7 Dawnay, Baron 
26.7 Ludlow, Baron 

27.7 HolmPatrick, Baron 
28.7 Inverclyde, Buron 
II. II Esher, Vise. 
29.11 Burton, Baron (orig. 1886) 


17. 1 'S.Ki.SBVTi.Y, Earl oj ; 

Tiverton, Vise. 
19.1 NbwlandS, Baron 
20.1 Farquiar, -Baro'rt [Baron 
II II JCurzon of Kedleston, 

1:5. 1 Cromer, Vwc. 
:!6.i Glanusk, Baron 
;i8. 1 Cran WORTH, iJow-om 


(new cr.) 

22.1 AVEBURY, 5(«'-0»l 

24.4 Fife, />«&-; 0/ (orig. 1889) ; 

Macduif , Earl of 
eo.s LiNDLEY, /toroji (life) 
i5.6 KiLLANiN, Baron 

26.6 Strathcona & Mount 

BOYAL, -B«ss. 
[7.12 GOSCHEN, Vise. 

„ Ridley, Vise.; AVensley- 
dale. Baron 

1901. [Vise- 
[1.2 Roberts, Earl ; St. Pierre 
Edward VII., 1901— 1910 

27.5 Milnev, Baron [ton, Vise 
' 8.8 Cromer, Earl of; Erring. 

1902. [Vise 

11.7 Kitchener of Khartoum 
[2.7 ColvillbofCulross, Vise 
[4.7 Churchill, Vise. 

15.7 MiLNER, Vise. 
,, Kinross, Uacon 
16.7 Shuttleworth, Bayo« 
17.7 Allkrton, Baron 
18.7 Bareymore, ^acort 
C9.7 Geenfell, iJarara 
21.7 Knollys, £aco« 
22.7 Redesdalb, Baron 
27.10 Linlithgow, JIarq. of 
Premier, A. J. Balfour. 
(July 13, 1902 to Dec. 5, 1905.) 
31.7 Burnham, Baron 
1.8 Biddulph, Baron 
4.8 Armstrong, Baron. 

9.3 DuNBDiN, Baron 
6.7 Selby, Vise. 
1S.12 Plymouth, Earl of ; 
Windsor, Vise. 
„ Iveagh, Vise. 

Leith of Fyvib, Baron 
19.12 Althorp, Vise. (C.-B.; 
2nd cr.) 
,, Atkinson, Baron (life) 
20.12 Sandkrson, .Baro?! 
22.12 Liverpool, Earl of; 
Hawkesbury, Vise. 
22.12 Ritchie OF Dundee, £aro; 
23.12 Walbran, Baron 
26.12 Knaresboeodgh, 5aro« 
27.12 Northcliffe, Baron 
28.12 IMichelham, Baron 
29.12 Faber, Baron 
30.12 Desborough, Baron 
, 1906. 

! le.i St. Aldwyn, Vise. 
i Premier, Sir H. Campbell- 

i (Deo. 5. 1905 to Apr. 6,^1908 
obs. 2 crs. above marked G.-B.) 

1906— co««. 

8.1 Loreburn, Baron 

9.1 FiTZMAURiCE, Baron 

0.1 "Wbardale, Baron 

2.1 Hemphill, Baron 

3.1 JoiCBY, Baron 

6.1 NuNBURNHOLME, Barou 

0.2 CoLKBROOKE, Barnu 

4.7 Courtney of Pbnwith, 

6.7 EvERSLEY, iJaron 

7.7 PiRRiB, i?a?-o« 

10.7 Allendale, Baron 


7.7 Airedale, Baron 

8.7 Swaythlino, -Bacoji 

Q.7 Blyth, Baron 

20.7 Peckover, Baron 

Premier, Hekbbet H. Asquith. 
(From Apr. 6, 1908 to Dec. 
11, 1916.) [Vise. 
2.5 MoRLEY of Blackburn, 
4.5 Wolverhampton, Vise. 
2.7 MacDonnell, Baron 
3.7 Marchamley, Baron 
4.7 Holden, Baron 
6.7 St. Davids, ^aj'o?* 

15.2 Pentland, Baron 
16.2 GoRELL, Baron 

20.2 Shaw, Baron (life) 
12.5 "Desart, Baron 

7.12 Fisher, Baron 
8.12 Kilbrackbn, Baron 

15.3 Gladstone, Fisc. 

,, Ashby St. Ledgers, Baron 

16.3 Mersey, Baron 

27.4 Islington, Baron 

George V., 1910. 

Wales, Prince of ; Ches- 
ter, Earl of 
13.7 Southwark, Baron 
14.7 Ilkeston, Baron 
15.7 Devonport, Baron 
16.7 Cowdray, Baron 
18.7 Rotherham, Baron 
19.7 FuRNESS, 5aro?i 
20.7 WiLLINGDON, iJaP'ora 

21.7 Hardingb of PenshiJrst, 

21.9 Db Villiers, Baron 
7.10 RoBSON, Baron (life) 

27.3 Haluane, Vise. 
3.4 Glenconnee, Baron 
3.7 Midlothian, Earl of, 

Mentmore, Fisc. Epsom, 

Crewe, Marquess of; 

Madeley, Earl of 
*Elibank, Vise. 
Loreburn, Earl 
Knollys, Vise. [Vise. 

Brassey, Earl ; Hythe, 
Allendale, Vise. 
Chilston, Vise. ; Douglas 

of Baads, Baron 
*Mountgarret, Baron 
Ahbrconway, Baron 
St. Audribs, Baron 
Stamfoedham, Baron 
Merthyr, Baron 


26.6 Inchcapb, Baron 
27.6 Row ALLAN, Baron 
28.6 Ashton of Hyde, Baron 

29.6 Charnwood, Baron 

2. II 'Curzon of Kedleston, 
Earl ; Scarsdale, Vise. ; 
Ravensdale, Baron 
,, Emmott, Baron 
3. 1 1 Steachib, Baron 

7.2 Carmichael, Baron 
8.2 Pontypridd, Baron 

9.2 HoLLENDEN, Baron 

20.2 IjiscohSSaiRE, llarqtiess of 
8.7 Butler, Baron 
9.7 Channing op Welling- 
borough, Baron 

11. 7 Nicholson, -Barore 

13.8 MuBRAYOFELIBANK,£aj-0?i 

1. 10 MouLTON, Baron (life) 
10.12 Whitburgh, Baron 


14.2 Rochdale, Baron 

12.2 Sydenham OF Combe ,J5a;'o« 

4.3 Parker of Waddington, 

Baron (liie) [(life) 

20.10 SUMNBE 0FlBST0NE,5a;-0ra 





Reading, Baron 


Steathclyde, Baron 


Parmooe, Baron 

17. 1 



Bryce, Vise. 


Buxton, Vise. 


Cozens-Fardy, Baron 


D'Abernon, Baron 

3 7 

Ranksborough, Baron 


Lyell, Baron 


Kitchener of Khartoum, 

Earl I Broome, Vise. ; 

Denton, Baron 



St. Aldwyn, Earl; 






Wrenbury, Baron 



Buckmaster of Chedding- 
TON, Baron 



Bertie of Thame, Baron 



MuiR Mackenzie, Baron 


French of Ypres, Vise. 


Aberdeen & Temaik 

Marq. of; Haddo 

Earl of 


Mersey, Vise. [Baron 

Beresfordof Metemmeh 


Faringdon, Baron. 

Shaughnessy, Baron 


Astor, Baron 


Rathcreedan, Baron 


Rhondda, Baron. 


Chaplin, Vise. 


Reading, Vise. 

Somerleyton, Baron 


Carnock, Baron 


Anslow, Baron 


Glentanar, Baron 


Roundway, Baroit 


Grey of Fallodon, Vise. 

Prtmier, D. Lloyd Qeoeoe. 

(From Deo. 11, 1916.) 


• I 

2 Finlay, Baron 

Peerages Extinct. 



Saxdhdsst, Vise. 
Stuart of "Wortley, 

Beaverbrook, Baron 
Harcourt, Vise. ; Nuse- 

HAii, Baron 
Gainforu, Baron 
FoBTEVioT, Baron 

23.6 ASTOR, Vi'iC. 

,_, GiSBOUouCrH, Baron 

16.7 Cambridge, Marq. of 
„ Athloxe, Earl of 

17.7 MiLFORD Haven, Marq. of 
18.7 Carisbrooke, Marq. of 
x.ii SouTHBOROUOH, Baron 


5.1 Eoe, Baron 

6.1 Doverdale, Baron 

7.1 Atholstan, Baron 

7.5 AxNESLEY, Baron 

19.6 L^MBOURNE. Baron 

20.6 Treowen, Baron 

21.6 Farquhar, Vise. 

,, Lbverihjlme, Baron 

22.6 Devonport, riso. 


*** The mark t denotes a Scottish Peerage, § an Irish;* or unmarked, Imperial: aJ>., abeyant ; (?m., dormant. 
The dates of creation and extinction are appended to each title. For extinct Life Baronies see under " Lite Peers. 
— Several of the following Peerages were held by former members of the Royal Family, and, guided by the kind 
advice of the late Clarenceux King of Arms, we treat these as possessing no real surname at all. The prevailing 
idea that the name is Gtielph he dismisses as absurd, that having constituted the Christian name of a 
mediaeval Duke of Bavaria whose sister in 1040 married the Marquess of £ste, and it is from that couple 
that the Hanoverian line is descended. Hence D'JSste (which the Duke of Sussex adopted for his children) ! 
comes nearer to a correct name than the above, whilst Guelph d'Este has been supplied us by another j 
authority. But the marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert, frince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and descended from the 
ancient Counts of Wettin, has chajiged the present line to that of " Saxony " or " Sase-Cob\irg," and made Wettin \ 
its surname if it possesses one at all— both that word and D'Este being really local titles. 

To save overcrowding, we have removed from the list the following titles every one of which is simply a different 
degree of another, of the same designation and house, which still exists : Auckland Eldm. ; Bantry Eldm. : i 
Castlemaine Vcty. ; Chaulemont Eldm. ; De Vesci *Bny. ; Digbt Eldm. jDrogheda >Iqte. ; EbLENBonouGH Eldm. ; 
Falmouth Eldm. : Parnham Eldm. ; Fife Dkdm. (orig. creat.l, Eldms. 12, onelr.), and Bny. ; Hill Buy. ; Kingston 
Buy. ; Lauderdale Bny. ; Macduff, Mqte. and §Vcty. ; MouNTNORRisEldm. ; O'Neill §Vcty. &*Eldm. ; Kavenswortii I 
Eldm. ; Roberts Bny. ; St. Vincent Eldm. ; Somers Eldm. ; Tredegar, Vcty. ; Westmeath Mqte. ; Wolselet, Bny. [ 

AiREY Bny. (^iVfi!/), 1876-81. | Claeb JEldm. [FitzGibbon), I'rgs (*Bny. 1799)-! 

Alcester Bny. (Seymowr), 1882-95. 1864- [1890-2. 

?Aldboeoitgh Eldm. (Stratford), 1777-1875. Clarence and Avondale Dkdm. t'Eoy. Earn.), 

Alvan'LEy Bny. [ArJen), 1801-57. 

Alverstoxe, Vcty. {IVebsfer), 1913 (Bny. 1900) 

Audilaun, Bny. (Guinness), 1880-1915. [-15. 

Arjiitstead, Bny. (ArmitsteacI), 1906-15. 

Armstrong Bny. (Armstrong), 1887-igoo. [Re- 
vived 1903.] 

?AvoNMORB Vcty. (Yelverton), 1800-1910 

Barrogill Bny. (Sinclair), 1866-89. 

Basset Bny. (Basset), 1797-1855. 

Battersea Bny. (Flower). 1892-1907. 

Baynino Bny. (Powlett), 1797-1866. 

Beacossfield (pron. Beek-; the village, Beck-) 
Eldm. (Disraeli, pron. Dizrayly), 1876-81. 
(Pronunciations given by Mr. C. Di-'iraeli). 

Beaconsfield Vcty. (Disraeli, Lady), 1868-72. 

Beadvale Bny. (Lamb), 1839-53. 

Beresford Vcty. (Beresfnrd), 1823-54. 

Bexley Bny. (Vansiltart), 1823-51. 

Blackford Bny. (Sogers), 1871-89. 
+Blantyke Bny. (Stuart), 1606-1900. 
5BLAYNEY Bny. (Blayney), 1621-1874 (dm.). 

Bloomfield Bny. (Bloomfield), ? 1825 (*i87l)-79. 
tBoRTHwiCK Bny. (Bortkwick), 1452-1910 (dm.). 

Bourchier Bny. (Tomnshend), 1342-1855 (dm.). 
tBRACO, Bny. (Duff), 1735-1912. 

Brampton Bny. (liawMns) , 1899-1907. 

Bramwell Bny. (Bramwell), 1882-92. 

Breadalbane Mqte., ist or. (Campbell), 1831-62. 

Broughton Bny. (Hobhouse), 1851-69. 

Buckingham and Chandos Dkdm. (Temple-N.- 
B.-C.-Gi-enville), 1822-89. 

Burdett-Coutts Bny. (B.-Coutts), 1871-1906. 
$Caher Bny. (Butler), 1583-1858 (dm.). 

Cambridge Dkdm., with Tipperary Eldm. and 
CuUoden Bny. (Roy. Fam.), 1801-1904. 

Canning Eldm. (Canning), 1859 (Vcty. i828)-62. 

Cardwell Vcty. ( CardweU), 1874-86. 

Carlingford Bny. ( ParJcinson-Fortescue), 1874-98. 

5Carysfort Eldm. (Proby), 1789 (*Bny. 1801)- 

Ch\rleville Eldm. (Bury), 1806-75. [1909. 

Chatham Eldm. (Pitt), 1766-1833. 

Clanbeassil Bny. (.locelyn), 1821-97. 

Clanricarde, §Marq. (De Burgh-Gamming), 1825- 
1916 (5 Eldm. remains of 1800, that of 1543 
dmt.; also SoMERHiLL,Bn., 1826-1916, 

Clarence AND Avonda 

Clarence and St. Andrews Dkdm., and ?Mun- I 
STEE Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 17S9-1837. | 

JClep.mont Eldm. (Forteseue), 1778-1829; *Bnv. I 

\ Do. Bny. (Parkinson -Forteseue), 1852-98. 
Cleveland Dkdm. (Powlett), 1833-91. 
Clyde Bny. (Campbell), 1858-63. 
Colborne Bny. (Ridley-Colborne), 1839-54. 
Colonsay Bny. (McNeill), 1867-74. 
Compton Bny. (Townshend), 1572-1855(0*.). 
CoNNEMAEA Bny. (Bourke), 1887-1902. | 

Cornwallis Eldm., 1753-1852. ' 

CowPER Eldm. (Oowper), 1718-1905 (Lucas and! 
tDingwall Bnies. remain). 
fCRANSTOUN Bny. (Cranstoun), 1609-1869. | 

Cranworth Bny., older cr. (Roife). 1850-68. 
Crewe Bny. (Crewe), 1806-94. [Revived as an 

Eldm. (now Marq.) 1895.] 
CURRIE Bny. (Currie), 1899-1906. 
Dallino and Bulwer Bny. (Buhver), 1871-2. 
De Freyne Bny. older cr. (French), 1839-56. 
De Mont alt Eldm. (J/a«rfe), 1886-1905 (JHawar- 

den Vcty. remains) . 
De Tabley Bny. ( Warren), 1826-95. 
Dinorben Bny. (Hughes), 1831-52. 
Dorchester Bny. older cr. (Oarleton), 1786-1897. ' 
Dorset Dkdm. (Sackville), 1720-1843. j 

Douglas of Douglas Bny. (Douglas), i7qo-l857. | 
Dover Bny. (vl.(7f7r-£'«is), 1831-99. [CUfden.] | 
?DowNES Bny. (Burgh), 1822-64. 
i. Do. Do. (Z>e7?!ir(7/(), 1822-63. 
1-DuFFUS Bny. (Sutherland-Dunbar), 1650-1076 

(imder attainder 1715-1826). | 

Dunfermline Bny. (Abercomby), 1839-68. 1 

?DuNGANNONVety.(/f;«-r«yo?'), 1765-1862. [1511. 1 
JDuNSANDLE AND Clan Conal Bny. (Daly), 1845- j 
Edinburgh Dkdm. (Roy. Fam.), 1866-1900. ! 

Egerton of Tatton Eldm. (Egerton), 1897-19,^9 I 
(Bny. remains). j 

Elphinstone Bny. (Elphinsfone), 1859-60. [Re- 
vived 1885; tBny. remains.] 
Ennishowen and Carrickfergus Bny. 

(Chichester) 1841-83. [Donegall.J 
ESTCOURT Bny. (Sothcron-Estconrt). 1903-15. 
Eveesley Vcty. (Shaw-Lefevre), 1857-88. [Re- 
vived as Bny. 1906.] 



Farnboeodgh Bny. {May), 1886 only. 

Fereers op Chartlbt Bny. ( Townshend), 1299- 

FiELD Bny. (Field), 1890-1907. [1855 (dm.). 

FitzGeeald ANDVESEvBny. ( Vesey-FitzGerald), 
SFitzGerald 1826-60, *Vesey 1835-43. 

FiTZHARDiNGE Eldm. (Berkeley), 1841-57; Bnv., 
1861-1916. [Two offshoots from Berkeley 

FiTZWALTER Bny. (Bridges), 1868-75. 

Frankfort de Montmorency Vcity. (de 3Innt- 
morenry), 1816 (Bny. iSooj-igiy. 

Gardner Bny. (Gardner), 1806 (\i?ao)-8z(dm.). 

Glantawe Bny. (Jenkins), 1906-15. 

Glenelg Bny. ( Grant), 1835-66. 

GLENESKBny. (Borthwick) , 1895-1908. 

SGlengall Eldm. (Butler), 1816-58. 

Gloucester AND Edinburgh Dkdm. and?CoN- 
naught Eldm. (Boy. Fam.), 1764-1834. 

Grey de Kadcuffe Bny. (Egerton), 1875-85. 

GwYDYR Bny. (BurreU). 1796-1915. 

Haliburton Bny. (Halihvrton), 1898-1907. 

Hamilton 'Bny. (Hamilton), 1831-68. [Belhaven.] 

Hamjiond Bny. (Hammond), 1874-90. 

HANMEKBny. (Hanmer), 1872-81. 

Harborodgh Eldm. (Sherard), 1719-1859. 

Hastings Mqte. (Eawdon-Hastings), 1816-68. 

Hatherley Bny. (Page- Wood), 1868-81. 

Haversham Bny. (Hayter), 1906-17. 
*Hereies Bny. [ConstaUe-Maxwell), 1884-1908 
(Seottisli Bny. remains). 

HOBHOUSE Bny. (Hohhovse), 1885-1904. 

Holland Bny. (Fox), 1763-1859. 

Hood of Avalon Bny. (Hood), 1892-1901. 

HowDEN Bny. (Caradoc), 1831 ft 18191-73. 
{Howin Eldm. (St. Lawrence), 1767 (Howth Bny. 
§1430, *i88i)-l909. 

HUNSDON Bny. (Gary), 1830-84. 

Inverness Dkdm. ( Underwood), 1840-73. 

James of JdEREFORD Bny. (James), 1895-igii. 

Keane Bny. (Keane), 1839-1901. 

Keith Vcty. (Flphinstone), 1814-23 ; 5 Bny., 1797- 

Keluead Bny. (Douglas), 1893-4. [1867. 

Kelvin Bny. (Thoinsoti), 1892-1907. 

Kent and Strathearn Dkdm. and 5 Dublin 
Eldm. (Roy. Fam.), 1799-1820. 

Kesteven Bny. (TroUope), 1868-1915 (Btey. re- 

Kingsdown Bny. (Leigh), 1858-67. [mains). 

Kingston Bny. {King), 1821-69. 

Knightley Bny. (Knightley), 1892-5. 

Laneeton Bny. (Howard), 1873-80. 

Langdale Bny. (Bickersteth), 1836-51. 

Leicester Eldm., one of the older creations 
(Townshend), 1784-1855. 

Leighton Bny. (Leigkton), 1896 only. 

Lingen Bny. (Lingcn), 1885-1905. 

Lisgae Bny. ( Young), 1870-6. 
?LisM0REVtcy. ( C Gallaghan), \9o&(*'Sny. i838)-98. 

Lister Bny. (Lister), 1897-1912. [1905.] 

Liverpool^ewtoftson), 1796- 1851. [Revived 

Llanuaffj Vcty. (Matthews), 1895-1913. 

Llangattock Bny. (Rolls), 189E-1916. 

Llanover Bny. (Hall), 1859-67. 

Lochee Bny. (Rolertson), 1908-n. 

Lyndhurst Bny. (CojUey), 1827-63. 

Lyons Voty. (Lyons), 1881 (Bny. i856)-87. 
^Macaulay Bny. (3facaulay), 1857-9. [1902. 

Malcolm of Poltallocii Bny. (3Ialcolm), 1896- 

Marjoribanks Bny. (Robertson), 1873 only. 
} Maryborough Bny. ( Pole - T. - L. - Wellesley), 

MAYNARDVcty.(i)/oy«fmZ), i766(?Bny.l620)-l365. 
} Melbourne Vcty. (Lumb), 1781 ("Bny. i8i5)-i353. 
tMELFOET Eldm. (Drummond), 1686-1902 (dm.). 

Melrose Bny. ( Hamilton), 1827-58. 

MiLFORD Bny. (Philipjys) ; and cr. 1847-57. 

?MiLLT0WN Eldm. (Leeson), 1763-1891 (dm.). 

MoNTFORD Bny. (Bromley), 1741-1851. 
*Moore, Bny. {3i[oore), 1801-1902. [Drogheda.] 
SMouNTCASHELLEldm. (Moore), 1781-1915. 

Mount Temple Bny. (Cowper- Temple), 1880-8. 
SMuNCASTER, Bny. (Pennington), 1783 (*i898)' 

§Netterville Vcty. (Netterville), 1622-1882. 

NoRTHCOTE Bny. (Northcote), 1900-n. 

North wick Bny. (Rushout), 1797-1887. 

O'Brien, Bny. (O'B.), 1900-14. 

Ongley Bny. (Henley- Ongley), 1776-1877. 
5OSSINGTON Vcty. (Denison), 1872-3. 

OvERSTONB Bny. (Loyd), 1850-83. 

OvERTOUN Bny. ( White), 1893-1908. 

OXENBEIDGE Vcty. (MonSOn), 1886-98. 

OxFOED Eldm. (Harley), 1711-1853. 
SPalmerston Vcty. (Temple), 1722-1865. 
Panmurb Bny. (Maule-Ramsay), 1831-74. 
Pauncefote Bny. (Pauncefote), 1899-1902. 
Penzance Bny. ( Wilde), 1869-99. 
PiEBRiGHT Bny. (De Worms), 1895-1903. 
POMFRET Eldm. (Fermor), 1721-1867. 
PONSONBY(ofImokilly)Bny. (Ponsonby), 1806-66, 
Peudiioe Bny. (Percy), 1816-65. 
Ranelagh Vcty. (Jones), 1628-1885. 
Redesdale Eldm. ( Freeman- Mi t/ord), 1877 (Bny, 

i8o2)-86. [Revived 1902.] 
Rendel, Bny. (Rendel), 1894-1913. 
Rivers Bny. (Pitt-Rivers), 1S02-80. 
Rivkrsdalb Bny. (Tonson), 1783-1861. 
5R0KEBY Bny. (Montagu-Robinson), 1777-1883. 
Rookv^'ood Bny. (Selwin-Ibhetson), 1892-1902. 
Ross Bny. (Boyle), 1815-90. 
RossiE Bny. (Kinnaird), 1831-78, 
RowTON Bny. (Lowry-Corry) 
St. Heliek Bny. (Jeune), 1905 (3 
St. Maur Eldm. (St. Maur,, 1863-S5. 
Sandford Bny. (Sandford), 1S91-3. 
tSELKiEK Eldm. (Douglas), 1646-1885 (dm..). 
Shand Bny. (.ihand) 1892-1904. [Bny. remains). 
§SnEFFiELD Eldm. (Holroyd), 1816-1909 (one Irish 
Sherbrookb Vcty. (Lowe), 1880-92. 
Skene Bny. {r>uff), 1857-1912. 
tSoMERVlLLE Bny. (Somerville), 1430-1870 ((ira.). 
?Strangfoed Vcty. (Smythe), 1628 (*Penshitrst 
Bny. 1825) -1869. [80 

Stratford de Redcliffe Vcty. (Canning), 1R52- 
Steathnairn Bny. (Rose), 1866-85. 
Strathspey Bny. (Ogilvie- Grant), 1858-84. 
Stuart de DECiEsBny. (Villiers- Stuart), 1839-74 

Sussex Dkdm. and Inverness Eldm. (Roy. 

Fam.), 1801-34. 
Sydney Eldm. (Townshend), 1874 (Bny. l783)-90. 
Taunton Bny. (Labouchere), 1859-69. 
5TH0M0ND Mqte. (O'Brien), 1800 (*Bny. 1801 )-55. 
THRiNoBny. (Thring), 1886-1907. 
tTRAQUAiR Eldm. (Stuart), 1683-1861 (dm.). 
Tkuro Bny. ( VVUde), 1850-99. 
JTvRCONNELLEldm. (Carpenter), 1761-1853. 
Wandsworth Bny. (Stern), 1895-1912. 
Wantage Bny. (Loyd-Lindsay), 1885-1901. 
Warrington Eldm. (Grey), 1769-1883. 
Waveney Bny. (Adair). 1873-86. 
Welby, Bny. (Welby), 1894-1915 
Wenman Bny. ( Wykeham), 1834-9 
Wenslbydale Bny. ( Parke), 1856 
Winmarleigh Bny. (Wilson- Fatten), 1874-92, 
WiNTERSTOKK Bny. (Wills), 1906-11. 
York and Albany Dkdm. and 5 Ulster Eldm. 
(Roy. Fam.), 1784-1827. [Yorkrevivedi892- 
1910, Albany 1881, *Ulster 1866-1900.] 



The Privy Council . 55 


This dignified and at least nominally important body is a council of state appointed i 
and periodically held by the Sovereign to concert matters for the public welfare. Its , 
proceedings, however, are not published, and, except in the rare instances of a general , 
gathering, only the few members specially summoned give their attendance at its ; 
meetings, so that, to all but perhaps half-a-dozen, the membership is for the most part 
an honourable sinecure. A Privy Councillor is chosen at the Sovereign s will, and no 
patent is necessary ; the required oath once taken he becomes a Councillor for life or , 
for the life of the Sovereign, though subject to removal or resignation. Ihe number, \ 
which at the first was only about 12, is now indefinite : at present there are about 300 m I 
the Council of Great Britain and 70 in that of Ireland (but some 15 of these are members , 
of both). On the accession of a new Sovereign it must be reconstituted, or newly 
sworn in, within six months, and any member who does not present himself for . 
re-swearing within that time forfeits his membership, though not the style of Kt. ] 
Hon." The Lord President of the Council is chairman of the British Council, and the i 
Lord Lieutenant of the Irish. The duties of these, or rather of the former, are defined 
as "to attend the Sovereign's person, to manage the debates m Councd, to propose 
matters from the Sovereign," and report the issue. The Sovereign with its advice j 
can dissolve or prorogue Parliament, and in some urgent cases he can issue proclama- I 
tions and enforce them by pains and penalties. The Judicial Committee of the Privy , 
Council is open to the attendance of any member possessing due legal qualifications, but j 
only those usually attend who hold or have held high appointments m the law. Ihe 1 
former judicial functious of the entire Council are exercised by this Committee, whilst 
its administrative duties are transferred to other state departments. Some of the , 
Colonial Judges have been recently added to this Committee. ! 

As noted above, there is a distinct Council for Ireland, though Scotland is content to 
participate in the larger one, the former being concerned (and that nominally) with Irish 
affairs alone. The members of both Councils range dov/n from the first Prince of the 
Blood Royal to private gentlemen possessing no title except the dignified one of Right 
Honourable," which is conferred by the membership itself. This title unfortunately has 
other applications, so that in the case of Peers there is no way of specifying their 
position as Councillors except by the added letters " P.O.; " and " Right Honourable ^^ 
must not be substituted for the higher titles of " Most Honourable " or "His Grace. 
The two lists of members as presented in the Almanack are arranged m accordance 
with the official roll, which follows strictly the Table of Precedence, and those wishing 
to famiharise themselves with that table may find interest in tracing out the observance 
of its laws as there displayed. Thus after the Royal members, Archbishops, and highest 
officials there come the Dukes of England. The Marquesses follow (the first is Scottish). 
Next come the Earls, headed by the Master of the Horse, and followed by younger sons 
of Dukes ; next the Viscounts ; two Marquesses' younger sons; the Bishop of London 
[ex ojicio, as are the Archbishops) ; the Barons, headed by the Lord Steward and the 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household ; the Speaker ; Secretaries of State not Peers ; 
and now the Table reaches the grade of the Privy Council itself, from which point 
all distinctions are disregarded— Baronets, Knights, and Viscounts' and Barons 
younger sons— and we proceed in order of seniority alone. Thus, while recognising 
the scientific merits of an arrangement by precedence, we here submit for practical use 
a list in alphabetical order. Where no initial precedes the date of entry the member 
belongs to the Council of Great Britain ; an /. denotes that of Ireland ; and G. B. d: I. 
marks membership of both. It is noticeable that in the official list the members are 
termed Privy Counselors, which is correct in view of the wise counsel they are sup- 
posed to give ; but they are equally Counc//lors as being members of a Council. The 
Coronation robe of a Privy Councillor is a blue satin dress and cloak. 

Lord President of the Oouncil, Earl Curzon of Kedleston, k.g. 
President of Irish Council, H.E. The Lord Lieutenant, Lord Wimborne, G.M. 

G.B. 1886 

Abraham, William igii 

Acland, Arthur H. Dyke ...... 1892 

Acland, Francis Dyke ipiS 

I.Christopher 1916 

Allen, Charles Peter 1912 

Allendale, Vise 1901 

Ameer Ali Syed, c.i.k 1909 

Andrews, William D I '897 

Arran, Earl of, k,p I. i9'7 

Ashton, Thomas 1917 

Asquith, Herbert Hy., K.c. G.B. 

1892; I. 1916 
Vtkinson, Lord .... 1. 1892 G. B. 190S 

Baker, Harold T 1915 

Balfour, Arthur J., o.m. G.B. 1885 ; 

I. 1887 

Balfour, Gerald W., 1. 1895 ; G.B. 1900 



Bankes, Sir John Eldou . 
Barnes, George Nicoll . . . 

Barrymore, Lord 

Barton, Sir Edmund, 

Beauchamp, Earl, k.g 

Bertie of Thame, Lord, o.c.b. .. 
Birrell, Augustine, k.c. 

G.B. igos; L 

Bond, Sir Robt., k.c.m.o 

Borden, Sir Robt. Laird, g.c.m.g. 

Botha, Gen. Louis 

Bowerman, Charles Wm 

Boyd, Sir Walter, Bt I. 

Brace, William 

Breadalbane, Marq. of, k.g 

Brownlow, Earl 

Brunner, Sir Jno. T.. Bt 

Bryce, Visc.o.M. G.B. 1892; I. 
Buchanan, Sir Geo. W.,g.c.b. . 

Buckmaster, Lord 

Burghclere, Lord 

Burns, Jno 

Burt, Thos 

Buxton, Vise, G.C.M.G 

Caldwell, James 

Campbell, Sir Jas. H. Mussen, 

Bt. (Lord Ch. Justice) L 

Canterbury, Archbp. of 

Carlisle, Alexander M I. 

Carnock, Lord, G.c.B 

Carson, Sir Edwd. H., k.c 

L 1896; G.B. 
Cartwright, Sir Fairfax L., 


Cassel, Sir Ernest J., G.C.B. — 

Castletown, Lord, k.p I. 

Cave, Sir George, K.c 

CaTendish, Ld. Richard F. ... 

Cawley, Sir Frederick, Bt 

Cecil, Evelyn 

Cecil, Lord Robert, k.c 

Chalmers, Sir Robert, g.c.b. I. 

Chamberlain, J. Austen 

Channell, Sir Arthur M 

Chaplin, Vise 

Charles. Sir Arthur 

Chelmsford, Lord, g.m.s.i 

Cherry, Richd. Robt I. 

Chesterfield, Earl of, k.g 

Chilston, Vise 

Cholmondeley, Marq. of 

Churchill (Spencer-), Winston L. 

Clarke, Sir Edwd. Geo., K.c 

Clyde, Jas. Avon, k.c 

Colebrooke, Lord, c.v.o 

Collings, Jesse 

Counaught, H.R.H. Duke of 

G.B. 1871; I. 

Connaught, H.R.H. Prince 

Arthur of, K.G 

Cook, Joseph 

Courtney of Penwith, Lord 

ntry. Earl of 

Crawford, Earl of 

Crewe, Marquis of, K.G 

Crooks, William 

Curzon of Kedleston, Earl, 

Dalziel, Sir James Hy 

Dartmouth, Earl of 

Deane. Sir Hy. Bargrave F. . 
De Bunsen, Sir Maurice W. 

Denman, Lord, G.C.M.G 

Derby, Earl of, k. g 

Desart, Earl of , k.o.b 

Devonport, Vise 

Devonshire, Duke of, k.g.... 
Dickinson, Willoughby H. . 
Dickson, Chas. Scott, K.n. . . . 
Dodd, Wm. Huston(Justice). 
Dougherty, Sir Jas. B.,k.c.b.. 

Ducie, Earl of 1S59 

Dudley, Earl of, g.c.b 1902 

Duke, Hy. Edward, k.c. 

G.B. 1915 ; I. tgi6 

Dunedin, Lord 1896 

Dunraven & Mount Earl, Earl 

of.KP I. 1899 

Durand,SirH.Mortimer,G.c.M.G. 1901 

Durham, Earl of , k.g 1912 

Dyke, Sir William Hart, Bt. 

G.B. 1880 ; I. 1885 

Eady, Sir Chas. Swinfen 1913 

Edge, Sir John, k.c 1908 

Kmmott, Lord, G.C.M.G 1908 

Evans, Sir Samuel T., g.c.b 1910 

Eversley, Lord 1880 

Farquhar, Vise 1907 

Parquharsou, Robt., ji.d 1906 

Fellowes, Sir Ailwyn Edwd., 

K. c.v.o 1905 

Fenwick. Charles 191 1 

Ferens, Thomas K 1912 

Ferguson (Munro-), Sir R. C, 

G.C.M.G 1910 

Fingall, Earl of T. 1892 

Finlay, Lord, g.c.m.g. (Lord 

Chanc. ) 1905 

Fisher, Andrew 1911 

Fisher, Herbert A. L . . 1916 

Fisher, Wm. Hayes 1911 

Fitzmaurice, Lord 1908 

Fitzpatrick, Sir Chas., g.c.m.g. 1908 

Forrest, Sir John, g.c.m.g 1897 

Forster, Henry William 1917 

Foster, Sir George Eulas, 

K.C.M.G I916 

Friend, Maj.-Gen. LevickBrans- 

by, c.B I. 1916 

Fry, Sir Edward, g.c.b 1883 

Fry. Lewis igoi 

Gainford, Lord . . . iqo8 

Geddes. Sir Eric, G.B. E 1917 

Gaskell, Chas. G. Milnes 190S 

George, David Lloyd 1905 

Gibson, John G. (Justice) I. 1887 

Gladstone, Vise, g.c.b 1894 

Glendenning. Robt. G I. 191 1 

Goddard, Sir Daniel Ford 1916 

Goldie, Sir George D.T., k.c.m.o. i8q8 

Gordon, John (Justice) I. 1915 

Goschen. Sir Wm. Edwd., 

Bt. G.C.B 1905 

Goulding, Sir Wm. J., Bt I. 1917 

Granard, Earl of, k.p 1907 

Greene, Sir Wm. Conyngham, 

G.C.M.G I9I2 

Grenf ell, Lord, g. c. b I. 1904 

Grey, of Fallodon, Vise, K.G. .. 1902 

Griffith, Ellis J., K.C 1914 

Griffith, Sir Samuel W., g.c.m.g. 1901 

Gulland, John Wm 1917 

Haldane, Vise, K.T., o.M 1902 

Halsbury. Earl of 1885 

Halsey, Thos. Fredk 1901 

Hamilton, Lord Claud G. . . . . 1917 

Hamilton, Ld. George F 1878 

Hareourt, Vise 1905 

Hardinge, Sir Arthur H., 

G.C.M.G 1913 

Hardinge of Penshurst, Lord, 

K.G 1904 

Hardy, Laurence 1911 

Hardy (Cozens-), Lord 1901 

Harrel, Sir David, k.c.b I. 1900 

Harris, Frederick Leverton 1916 

Henderson, Arthur 1915 

Heneage. Lord i88« 

Hill, Lord Arthur W 1885 

Hime, Lt.-Col. Sir Albt. H., 

Hobhoiise, Sir Chas. H. EdwdV, 

Bt 1909 

Hobhouse, Henry 1902 

Hodge, John 1916 

Hogg, Jonathan L 1902 

Hughes, William Morris 1916 

Huutly, Marq. of 1881 

Illingworth, Albert H 1916 

Innes, Sir James Rose, K.C.M.G. 1915 

Islington, Lord, G.C.M.G ) 

Jackson, Fredk. Huth 1911 

Jenkins, Sir Lawrence Hugh, 

K.c.i.E 1916 

Johnson, Sir Wm. Moore, Bt. I. 1 

Jones, Sir D. Brynraor, k.c 1912 

Jones. Leifchild 8 1916 

Jordan, Sir John N., g.c.i.e 1915 

Joyce, Sir Mathew Ingle 1916 

Kavanagh, Walter MacMur- 

rough I. 1916 

Kennaway, Sir John H., Bt. . . . 1897 

Kenny, Wm. (Justice) I. i 

Kenrick, William 1899 

Kinuear, Lord 1911 

Kintore, Earl of, G.C.M.G i 

ICnoliys, Vise, G.c.B 1910 

Lambert, George 1912 

Lambourne, Lord, c.v.o 1 

Lansdowne, Marq. of, K.G 3 

Lascelles, Sir Frank C, G.C.B. .. 1894 
Laurier, Sir Wilfrid, k.c, 

G.C.M.G 1897 

Law, Andrew Bonar 191 1 

Lennox (Gordon-), Ld. Walter C. 1891 

Lewis, John Henry 1913 

Lincolnshire, Marq. of, k.g 1"" 

Lindley, Lord 1881 

Liverpool, Earl of. G.C.M.G 1917 

London, Bishop of, k.c.v.o iqoi 

Long, Walter H... G.B. 1895; I. 1905 

Lorebum, Earl, g.c.m.g 1905 

Lough, Thomas 1908 

Lowther, James Wm i 

Lyttelton, Gen. Hon. Sir Neville 

G.,G.cB L 1908 

Macartney, Sir Wm. G. Ellison-, 

K.C.M.G 1900 

Macdonald', John Archd. Mur- 
ray 1916 

Macdonald, Sir John H. A., g.c.b. 1883 
MacDormell. Lord, g.c.s.i. 

G.B. 1902 ; I. 1903 
MacGre.gor, Sir William, g.c.m.g. 1915 

McKenna, Reginald 1907 

Maclay, Sir Jos. Paton, Bt 1916 

Maclean, Sir Donald, k.b.e 1916 

Macn,amara. Thos. Jas.. ....... ] 

Madden, Dodgson H I. i 

Mahon, Lt.-Gen. Sir Bryan J., 

K.c.v.o I. 1917 

Mallet, Sir Louis du P., g.c.m.g. 1913 

Mancliester, Duke of .. 1906 

March amley, Lord 1907 

Marlborough, Duke of, K.G 1" 

Massey, William Ferguson 1914 

Masterman, Chas. F, G 1912 

Mather, Sir Wra. 1910 

Matheson, Sir Robt. E I. 1910 

Maxwell, Sir Herbt. E.,Bt.,F.R.s. 1897 
Maxwell, Lt.-Gen. Sir John. 

Grenfell, K.C.B \. 1916 

Mayo, Earl of, K.p I. iqoo 

Meath, Earl of, k.p I. 1887 

Merriman, Jno. Xavier 1909 

Mersey, Viscount i 

Midleton, Vise, k.p 1897 

Jlildmay. Francis Bingham 1916 

Milford Haven, Adm. Marq. of, 

G.C.B. 1914 

Milner, Vise, g.c.b 1901 

Milner, Sir Frederick G., Bt. .. 1900 

Molony. Th. Francis I. 1913 

Moud. Sir Alf . Moritz, Bt 1913 

Montagu, Hon. Edwin S . 191S 

Moor, Sir Fredk. Robt,, k.c.m.g. 1907 
Morley of Blackburn, Vise, o.M. 

G.B. & I. I 
Morris, Sir Edwd. Patrick, 

K.C.M.G I_ 

Moulton, Lord, K.C.B 1906 

Mowatt, Sir Fras., g.c.b 1906 

Munro, Robt.. K.c 1913 

Murray of Elibaiik, Lord i 

Murray, Sir G«o. H., g.c. b 1910 

Nathan, Lt.-Col. Sir Matthew, 

Newton, Lord 1915 

Northumberland, Duke of, k.g. 1874 

O'Brien, Sir Ignatius John.Bt. I. 191Z 
O'Connor, Charles Andrew ..I. 1911 

Oi-monde, Marq. of , r.p I. 1902 

O'Shaughnessy, Tliomas L., k.o.I. 1912 
Paget, Gen. Sir Arthur H. F., 

G.t.B I. I9IZ 

Palles, Christopher. .L 1872; G.B. 1892 

Parker, Sir Gilbert, Bt 1916 

Parker of Waddinfttou, Lord . 1913 

Parmoor, Lord, k..c. v.o 1914 

Pease, Herbert Pike 1917 

Pentland, Lord, G.C.I. E 1905 

Phillimore, Sir Walter G. F., 

Bt. 1913 

Pickford, Sir William 1914 

Pirn, Jonathan (Justice) I. 1914 

Pirrie, Lord, K.p 1. 1897 

Pluukett, Hon. Sir Horace C, 

R.c.v.o I. 1897 

Pb'raouth, Earl of , c. u 1891 

Pollock. Sir Fredk. , Bt 1911 

Ponsonby, Lt.-Col. Sir Fredk. 

E. Grey, K.c.T.o 1914 

Porter, Sir Andrew M., Bt. . . .1. 1883 

Portland, Duke of, k.g 1886 

Pretynian, Ernest Geo.^ 1917 

Primrose, Sir Henry, t.c.B 1912 

Probyn, Gen. Sir Dighton M., 

G.C.B., yC 1901 

Protheroe, Rowland E., m.v.o. . 1916 

Eanfurly, Earl of, g.c. m.g I. 1905 

Rathmore, Lord 1S80 

Rayleigh, Lord, o. m 190s 

Reading, Vise, G.c.B 1911 

Reay, Lord. K.T 190s 

Reid, Sir George H., g.c.b 1897 

Revelstoke. Lord, g.c.v.o 1902 

Rhondda, Lord joi6 

Ribblesdale, Lord 1892 

Rice, Sir Cecil A. Spring, 

G.C.M.G I913 

Rickett, Sir Jos. Compton 1911 

Ridgeway.SirJ.West, g.c.b... I. 1889 

Ridley, Sir Edward 1917 

Roberts. Geo. Henry 1917 

Robertson, John M." 1915 

Robinson. Sir Hy. Aug., K.c.B. I. 1902 

The Baronetage. 

Robson. Lord, g.c.m.g 1910 

Rodd, Sir Jas. Rennell, g.c.m.g. iqo8 

Romer, Sir Roberi, g.c.b 1899 

Ronan, Stephen (Ld. Just.) ..I. 1915 

Rosebery, Earl of, it.o., k.t i88i 

Ross, John ( Justice ) I. 1902 

Runciman, Walter 1908 

Russell, Geo. W. Erskine 1907 

Russell, Sir Thos. Wallace, Bt. 

1. 1908 

St. Davids, Lord 1914 

Salisbury, Marq. of , k.g 1903 

Samuel, Sir Harry Simon iqi6 

Samuel. Herb. Louis 1908 

Saudars. Jno. S 190S 

Sandhurst, Vise, g.c.s.i 1906 

Satow, Sir Ern. M., g.c.m.g 1906 

Schreiner, Wm. Philip, c.m.g... 1917 
Scott, Sir Chas. Stewart, g.c.b. 1898 

Scrutton, Sir Thos. Edwd 1916 

Seely, Br. Gen. Jno. E. Bernard, 

c.B 1909 

Sef ton. Earl of 1906 

Selbome, Earl of, k.g 1900 

Seymour, Adm. of Fit. Sir Edwd. 

H., G.C.B., O.M 1909 

Shaw, Lord 190S 

.Sheffield, Lord 1910 

Shillington, Thomas L 1911 

Shuttleworth, Lord 1889 

Simon, Sir John A., k.c.v.o 1913 

Smith, .Sif Fredk. Edwin, k.c. 19" 

Smith, Jas. Parker 1904 

Smuts, Lt.-Gen, Jan Chrlstiaan 1917 

Somerley ton. Lord, K..C. v.o 1902 

Somerset, Lord Henry R. C. .. 1874 

Southborough, Lord, g.c.b 1912 

Southwark, Lord 1905 

Spencer, Earl, k.g iSgz 

Speyer, Sir Edgar, Bt 1909 

_^ 57_ 

Spicer, Sir Albert, Bt 1912 

Stamfordham, Lord, g.c.b 1910 

Stanley, Sir Albert Hy 1916 

Starkie, William J. M I. 1914 

Strachie, Lord 1912 

Stratbclyde, Lord 1909 | 

Strong, Sir T. Vezey, K.c.v.o. .. 19" 

Stuart of Wortley, Lord 1896 

Sudeley, Lord 1886 

Sumner of Ibstone, Lord 1912 

Swanu, Sir Chas. Ernest, Bt. . . 1911 

Tennant, Harold John 1914 

Tennyson, Lord, g.c.m.g 1905 

Thomas, Jarae.s Hy 1917 

Thompson, Robert I. 1916 

Trevelyan, Sir George Otto, Bt., 

O.M., G.B. &L 1882 

Waldegrave, Earl 1897 

Waldron, Laurence A I. 1911 

Waleran, Lord 1899 

Ward, Sir Jos. Geo., Bt 1907 

Warrington, Sir Thomas R 191S | 

Wason, Eugene 1907 

West, Sir Algernon E,, g.c.b. . . 1894 

Westmeath, Earl of I. 1902 

Whitley. John Henry 19" 

Whittaker, Sir Thos. P 1908 

Wiles, Thomas 1917 

Wilson, Jolm Wm 19" 

Wilson (Fleetwood-), Sir Guy 

D. A.,G.c.i.E 1914 

Wimborne, Lord, G.B 1910 ; 

1. 191S 

Wood, Thos. McKinnon 19" 

Wrenbury, Lord i9<56 

Wrench, Fredk. W I. 1902 

Wylie, Jas. Owen (Justice) ... .1. 1909 

Yarborough, Earl of 1890 

Y ork, Arohbp. of 1909 

Zet nd, Marq. of, k.t 1889 

Clks. of the Counc.—Gt. Brit., Sir Almeric W. FitzRoy, k.C.b., Ireh, Sir E. O'Farrell, 
C.B. ; Dep. Clk. Gt.Brit., C, Ledlie, b.c.l. ; Registrar, Chas. H. Lawrence Neish, C.B. 


General Remarks.— This degree, as was noticed above, grew out of a lower division 
of the rank of Barons. We meet mth the phrase " Barones et Baronetti" so early as 
1321, whilst in 1340 an hereditary Baronet was made of William de la Pole. "Other 
Baronetcies," saj^s Mr. Pixley in his very informing work, ' History of the Baronetage,' 
" were similarly created, . . . but, with che exception of a few cases in Ireland, the 
dignity had not been regularly hereditary, and long before the reign of James the First 
it had become practically unknown." The term was often confused with that of 
"Banneret," so that in the case of Sir Ralph Fane, who was awarded the "dignitas 
Baronetti " by Edward the Sixth, it is doubtful which of the two honours was really 
designed, and" evident that at m.ost it was not a Baronetcy of the present form. As re- 
started under James the First in 161 r the degree became, as it is now, a rank inter- 
mediate between the Peerage proper and the Knightage. It is linked with the nobility 
by virtue of its being hereditary and being conferred by patent alone, the early patents 
having closely resembled those of Barons ; but in other respects it has much the 
appearance of a specialised order of Knighthood —by its designation "Sir," its non- 
membersliip of the House of Lords and non-participation in the election of Represen- 
tative Peers in Scotland and Ireland, and its ranking in the scale of precedence below 
the Privy Council, Knights of the Garter, and even the old Knights Bannerets Royal. 
It has no political privileges attached, and consequently there have been until lately 

58 Introduction. 

scarcely any means, as there are with Peers, for ascertaining the correct succession, the 
consequence being that spurious, not to say fraudulent, assumptions of baronetcies have 
cropped up and pestered us year after year. In 1906, however, a Commission was 
appointed to consider what steps should be taken to safeguard the status of holders of 
Baronetcies, and in consequence of its recommendations the Home Office issued on 
February nth, iqio, a warrant from the King dealing with the rules relating to the here- 
ditary Degree of Baronets. In this it is ordained that an official roll of Baronets shall 
be prepared and kept in the Home Department ; that no person whose name is not men- 
tioned on the official roll of Baronets shall be received as a Baronet, or shall Vje addressed 
or mentioned by that title in any civil or military Commission, Letters Patent, or other 
official document. The roll is to be prepared in consultation with one or other of the 
Kings of Arms, revised and corrected from time to time, and submitted to the Sovereign 
once each year. Any person whose name does not appear, but who considers that he 
is entitled, shall be at liberty to petition the Sovereign through the Home Secretary. 
Provision is made that where the Home Secretary finds difficulty in advising as to the 
validity of any claims, the matter shall be referred to the Attorney-General for 
England, the Lord Advocate for Scotland, or the Attorney-General for Ireland. It 
is also appointed that the Home Secretary shall appoint an officer of that Department 
to be Registrar of the Baronetage, and that every person who succeeds to the title of 
or is created a Baronet shall pay to the Home Secretary a fee of 5/., to be paid into the. 
Exchequer. In addition, every Baronet created since 1783 is required to register his 
pedigree and to receive a certificate from one of the Colleges of Arms. In the year 
1612 five new privileges were granted, of which one was the riglit for every Baronet 
thereafter to claim knighthood, and for his eldest son (following feudal custom) to do 
the same. This last clause was distinctly specified in the terms of all patents issued up 
to 1827, and King James at the outset made a rule of knighting all heirs apparent ; in 
later days we have had fitful revivals of the custom in 1835, 1865, and in the case of a 
son of Sir James L. Cotter in 1874 ; but other applications have proved unsuccessful, 
it is said, from defects in the patents of baronetcy. The dignity, in all the three 
Kingdoms, was instituted at first as a means of raising money, though other objects were 
held out. The recipients, who were to be limited in number, were to be gentlemen 
(armigeri) " of good birth and fortune," possessed of not less than a thousand pounds 
per annum clear, and in case of war they were to occupy posts of honour near to the 
royal standard. The rank has been greatly enlarged both as to actual numbers and 
lowering of the qualifications, whilst the money payment has wholly ceased, though, 
to preserve the ancient form of warrant, a tally is struck at the Exchequer and handed 
to the new Baronet by way of receipt. An instance is recorded of the grant of a baronetcy 
to a female— Dame MaryBoUes, of Osberton, Notts. (1635, in the Scottish Baronetage), 
and it is stated that this is not quite the only one, whilst under " Descent of Peers " we 
have observed that in some patents the succession is allowed to follow through a female 
parent, or, we may add, an earlier ancestor. Nearly one-sixth of the present number 
of Baronets enjoy "Peerages, six being Dukes. A Baronet has no coronet or robes, and in 
the English and Irish divisions no badge whatever beyond the device of "the bloody hand 
of Ulster " to be charged upon his coat of arms : see upon this point, as also upon the 
succession of Baronets, two passages on pages 11,12. Early in the late reign an effort was 
made by the whole body of Baronets (see Broun's ' Baronetage ') to obtain some further 
distinctive marks ; it was ineffectual — it is stated, because "too much was asked ; " but 
tiie recently founded " Standing Council of the Baronetage " (to whom we are under 
considerable obligations in the revision of this section) includes this among its aims, 
which seek to vindicate the claims of the Baronetage generally, to "clear it of all 
resemblance to Knighthood," and to protect the rank against spurious assumptions.* 
When there are two or more Baronets of the same surname it is customary to 
distinguish them by appending the name of the seat of the founder of the line or other 
place named in the original patent ; and when, as not unfrequently happens, this name 
is identical with their own {e.g. Campbell, Baronet of Campbell) it is customary in 
Scotland to substitute " Campbell of that ilk." The wives of Baronets are Baronetesses, 
but the word is scarcely ever used; they are styled "Lady" without any Christian 

• The occasion of the starting of the Council vras this. The issue of Life Barons had been given a rank 
between the issue of other Barons and the Baronets themselves, which proceeding was held by the latter to be a 
breach of faith. But the only alternative form, " Younger Sons of Barons and ull sons of Lite Barons," whilst 
it would have debarred the Baronets from this technical objection without making the least difference to them 
(from the course adopted) as individuals upon the scale of precedence, would have rendered the issue of Life 
Barons frequently superior to those of hereditary peers of recent creation. Some difference was intended, but not 
so great as would be implied by placing the Baronets between them. 

Historic Baronetage. 59 

name, or "Dame " ivith the Christian name (an old form still used in formal documents 
and personally favoured by some), and these titles they retain by etiquette (we now learn 
that it is not by law) after a second marriage though to a commoner (if daughters of Peers 
their correct style is given on pages 29-31, where reference is also made to the use of 
"Dowager"). Designation of a Baronet, Sir A.. B., Baronet or Bt. 


Baronets of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.— We have here 
precisely the same three historical distinctions as under the Peers : Baronets created 
from 1611 up to June 20, 1707, rank as "Baronets of England;" from that 
date to 1800 as "Baronets of Great Britain;" and after 1800 as "Baronets 
of the United Kingdom" — the Scottish creations continuing by the side of 
the first only, and the Irish by the side of first and second. These distinctions, 
however, do not in themselves (as with the Peers) affect the precedence of a Baronet, 
which is in any case decided by the date of creation alone. The English defjree 
was instituted by James the First in 161 1, ostensibly for the purpose of providing 
means to effect the settlement of Ulster, then in a state of anarchy. A sufficient sum 
of money was required from each of the 200 gentlemen to whom the honour was 
awarded to provide for the maintenance of thirty foot-soldiers at eightpence per day 
for three years ; the total of this was about jf 1095, and the first year's instalment was 
to be paid down in advance. King James's successors, moreover, paid no heed to 
the limitation of numbers, so that by the reign of Charles the Second the 200 had 
increased to 888. There are now about a hundred short of this latter figure, but about 
1 130 including Scottish and Irish Baronets. The first to receive the title (but on the same 
day with a number now Peers) was Sir Nicholas Bacon, elder brother of Sir Francis (Kt. ), 
afterwards Lord Chancellor Bacon, and a descendant of Sir Nicholas is still the Premier 
Baronet of England (see remark under the name in the Directory). The name of Sir 
John L. Dash wood is cited as Premier Baronet of "Great Britain," and that of Sir 
Cha.rles G. E. Welby as of "the United Kingdom ; " but of course the junior Baronet in 
an earlier series takes precedence of the premier in a later one. 

Baronets OF Scotland and Nova Scotia.— As partly remarked already, these Baronets 
date exclusively from the eighty-two years between the institution of the degree in 1625 

Sand the Union with England in 1707, all later Baronets of Scottish nationality 
being Baronets either " of Great Britain " or " of the United Kingdom." It must 
be understood that there is no essential distinction between Baronets of Nova 
Scotia and those of Scotland, and though the connection with the American 
Colony ceased even nominally in 1638 (it had in fact become a French possession before 
that date, and was only re-ceded in 1713, six years after the Union), we find the Nova 
Scotia arms upon the shields of several Baronets of much later creation, their use having 
actually been revived by agreement at a meeting of Scottisli Baronets in 1775. This 
degree was planned by James the First in 1621, its avowed object being to assist the 
settlement of Nova Scotia. This monarch granted a charter of the baronetcy of " New 
Scotland " to Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Stirling ; but owing to the King's 
death the design was left to be carried out by Charles the First in 1625. Sir Robert 
Gordon, son of the Earl of Sutherland, was Premier Baronet (disregarding four 
Scots Peers who held baronetcies) ; but his line became extinct in 1908, and the 
premier distinction rested with Sir Norman Leslie, of Wardis, until the release of the 
senior Macdonald baronetcy from the Barony in 19 10 (q.v. note under Macdonald, 
Baron). The number of the degree was not to exceed 150, and to each of these, on 
payment of a sum of about ^^2000, was to be assigned a tract of 6000 acres ' ' of good land. " 
No service was required from them, nor was any trouble taken to see that they carried 
out the scheme of colonisation : the raising of money to the Crown was the one great 
concern. Sir William Alexander, who first allotted the baronetcies, transferred his 
rights and possessions to a French Huguenot, Claude St. Estienne, Seigneur de la Tour, 
who figures in a spirited ballad of the poet Whittier's. The Baronets of Scotland, alone 
of the three, possess a distinctive Badge, consisting in an enamelled decoration worn 
from the neck by an orange-tawny ribbon, and containing the arms of Scotland disi:>layed 
upon a small shield (inescutcheon) borne upon a larger one charged with a St. Andrew's 
Cross, and surmounted by a crown, the whole within an oval bearing the motto " Fax 
mentis honestss gloria" (Glory, the beacon-light of the noble mind). This badge was 
substituted for the originally intended arras of Nova Scotia ; with it King Charles 

6o Introduction. 

conferred the crest, which is a branch of laurel and a thistle issuing from two con- 
joined hands, the one armed and the other naked, with the motto, "Munit haee, 
altera vincit" (One defends, the other conquers). 

Baeonets of Ieeland. — These all necessarily date frompriofto the Union in 1800, 
all later Irish Baronets being of " the United Kingdom." The degree was instituted by 
r-rfgri James the First in 1619 for a similar purpose with the English Baronetage : the 
'M account given under that heading will therefore sufficiently apply. Sir Algernon 
LWj Charles Coote is the Premier Baronet of Ireland, his ancestor Sir Charles Coote, 
Vice-President of the province of Connaught, having received his patent in 1621; 
the Baronetcy- merged in the Valentia viscounty, however, dates from the previous 
year. In Ireland as in England there had very early existed an hereditary rank 
bearing the style of Baronets, amongst whom was Wellesleye, Baronet of Narraghe, 
who was ancestor of the Duke of Wellington. These were descendants of certain 
"lesser Barons" whom Edward the Third had summoned to Parliament for a special 
object, but who, not continuing to be summoned, had their baronial rank sunk to 
that of Baronets. 


*»• As under the Peers, t denotes a Baronetcy of Scotland or Nova Scotia, and § an Iiish Baronetcy ; all others are 
of England, Gt. Britain, or the United JKingdom. Peers who are Bironets are given_ in parentheses. The 

surname or the original Baronetcy, whf 

James I. 

Baronetcies of Engld. only 

22.5 (Ferrers, Earl) 

„ (Bucklnghamsh., E. 

„ (Sefton, E. of) 
„ (Chichester, E. of) 
„ (Bolingbroke, Vise.) 
,, (Gerard, Bn.) 
„ Bacon (Redgrave 

line), Premiek Bt. 
„ De Hoghton 
„ Shelley of Michel- 

29.6 (Somerset, D. of) 
„ (Ailesbury, M. of) 
„ (Winchilsea, E. of-, 

ist or.) 
„. (Kimberley. E. of) 
„ (Monson, Bn.) 
„ Musgrave of Edenhl. 
„ Cope 
„ Gresley 
„ Harington 
„ Mordaunt 
,, Twysden 
25.11 (Hereford, Vise.) 

10.6 (Dormer, Bn.) 


5.4 Egerton (Grey-) 
16.4 (Townshend, Marq.) 

iS-S Boynton 

25.7 (Cobham, Vise.) 
Baronetcies qf Ireld. inst. 

25.2 Burdett of Bramcott. 
21.7 (St. Aldwyii, Earl) 


6.5 Berney 

2.6 (Sutherland, D. of) 
13.7 (Leeds, D. of) 

26.7 Vincent 
7.8 (^Valentia, Vise.) 

4.1 (Hotham, Bn.) 

8.3 Tichborne (Doughty-) 

2.4 §Coote of Castle Cuffe 
16. 10 Jerningham 

q.iKSt. Davids, Bn.) 


14. 1 Mansel 
25.1 s^Aylmer 

1622 — cont. 
2.2 §Gore 
16.2 (^Kenmare, Bn.) 

23.2 (Westminster, D. of) 

26.3 (Gage, Vise.) 

8.6 ^Blosse (Lynch-) 

16.6 ^Tuite 

4.7 (Shaftesbury, E. of) 

10.7 JBlake of Galway 
21.7 Hazlerlgg 

20.12 Skipwith 

21.2 ^Barnewall 
2.5 ^Stewart of Fort S. 

Charles I. 

Baronetcies 0/ Scotld. inst. 

28.5 (tRoxburghe, D. of) 
29.5 (tBreadalbane, M. of) 
14.7 tMacdouald of Sleat 
30.S (Strathspey, Bn.) 
i.Q tLeslie of W'ardis 

30.3 tForbes (Hepbvu-n- 

31.3 tJohnston of Caskie- 


21.4 tBurnett of Leys 
22.4 (tMoncreiff, Bn., ist 

29.9 tOgilvy 
8. 12 Crewe 
20.12 Sebright 

1.2 Dering 

2.3 tNapier of Napier 
18.3 (tReay, Bn.) 

28.3 (tBute, M. of) 

„ (Farnham, Bn.) 

21.4 Style 

30.5 (Bagot, Bn.l 
„ Isham 

19.7 Makgill 

23.7 Goring (patent 1678) 
29.7 Bacon (Mildenliall 
I.I (tGosford, E.of) 
12. 1 tCampbell of Auch- 

15. 1 tinnes 

19.2 tHope of Craighall 
2.3 (Vei-ulam, E. of) 
7.5 Stonhouse, ist cr. 

14.5 tEiddell 

different, i* added in square brackets. 
1628 — cont. 
15.5 tMurray of Black 

16.5 (tElibank, Bn.) 
21.5 tMackenzie of Tarbat 

26.5 (Derby, E. of) 

30.6 Wrey 
1.7 Trelawny (Salusbury-) 


18.7 ^Staples 

16.8 ^Butler 

29.8 Wiseman 

1.9 Nightingale 

12.9 De la Pole [Pole] 
29.9 (tGranard, E. of) 
29.9 tBruce of Stenhouse 

2.10 (tCastlestewart.Earl) 
24. II Wolseley of Wolseley 


28.1 ^Esmonde 

29.3 Graham of Esk 
27.7 fNicolson of Lass- 
wade, or Niclsn. 

28.7 tAgnew of Loehnaw 

15. 10 ^Osborne 


20.4 (tSempill, Bn.) 

„ tMurray of Dunerne 

24.4 tCrosbie 

i3.iitRichardson (Stew - 
art-) [Richardson 
of Pencaitland] 

25.11 tCuninghame (Fair- 
lie-) [Cuningham-F.] 


3 tWardlaw 
3 (6Mountmorres,Visc.) 
6 (-fCaithness, E. of) 
18.6 tGordon of Embo 
3.9 tMaclean 


7.6 (tLucan, E.of) 
„ tMrmro of Foulis 
„ tfoulis (Listen-) 


29.6 tPilkington (MO- 


20.7 fllay of Smithfield 


20.2 tAbercromby 



26.5 Every 

15.6 (Bath, M. of) 

30.6 Cave-Browne-Cave 

14.7 (Poltimore, Bn.) 
15.7 Burgoyne 
16.7 (Iddesleigh, E. of) 
30.7 Strickland 

8 Boughton (Rouse-), 

Lawford line 


, Chichester of 

1636 — cont. 
18.6 fLockhart (Sinclair 

18.6 (Curzon of K., E.) 
21.6 (tKilmaine, Bn.) 

16.1 (tCarnock, Bn.) 

,, (Brabourne, Bn.) 
1 1.8 (Curzon of K., E.) 
16.8 (Wenlock, Bn.) 

5.2 Trollope 
14.3 Kemp 
19.S (Do-wne, Vise.) 
3.6 Hampson 
„ Williamson of East 
13.8 (tAberdeen, M. of) 
24.8 Thorold 
10.8 (Wrottesley, Bn.) 

1.9 Throckmorton 

6.10 Blount 

2.11 (BavenswortL, Bn.) 

1.8 (Waldegrave, Earl) 

7.1 (Acton, Bn.) 
4.6 Aclaiid of Columb 

John ist cr. 
5. 1 1 Boothby (patent) 
(Devon, E.of) 




tHamilton of Silver- 

' ton Hill 

Historic Baronetage. 


Charles II. 
1651 (in King's exile). 
1.8 (tEosebery, B. of) 

2.4 Whiohcote 

17. 5 (Stradbroke, E. of) 
7.6 (Bradford, E. of) 

„ ( VVinchilsea, E. of, 

3ud cr.) 
,, Langham 
„ Palmer of Carlton 

22.6 Bobinson of London 
25.6 (Hastings, Bn.) 

„ (Sheffield, Bn.) 
„ Bowyer, Denham line 
„ Shuckbiirgh 
27.6 Stuart of Hartley, M. 

28.6 (St. John of B., Bn.) 

13.7 Gierke 

,, Boothby (passed Seal) 
14.7 Dixie 

19.7 Honywood 

2.8 (Northumbd., D. of) 

1 1. 8 Whaler 

26.9 Swinburne 

21. 1 1 (Onslow, E. of) 

3.12 (Heaijley, Bn., ist cr.) 

24.12 Frankland 
29.12 Legard 

(Abereorn, D. of) 


2.1 Bedingfeld (Paston-) 
18.3 Colleton 

„ ^Piers 
21.2 Beaumont 

23.2 Smythe 
4.3 Reade 

„ Wilson (Maryon-) 

10.3 Broughton 

26.4 Cayley 

10.5 Cooke of Wheatley 
15.5 Clement (Ashburn- 

ham-) [Ash- 

18.5 Jenkinson 

17.6 Bulkeley (Wms.-) 

2.8 Carew 

7.8 Milbanke of Hainaby 
g.g (^Egmont, B. of) 
28.11 Smijth (Bowyer-) 

24.: Trevelyan of Nettle- 
II. 2 Osborn 
10.4 (Hrran, E. of^ 
4.8 (^Southwell, Vise.) 
12.8 ^Dancer 

17.11 Graham of Norton 

„ Tancred 

12.12 Brooke of Norton 
(Hylmer, Bn.i 

20.2 (tSouthesk, E. of) 
3.6 tSeton of Abercorn 

29.7 D'Oyly 

2.6 (tStair, E. of) 
26.9 Loraine 

Dunbar of Baldoon 
1S.4 ShawofEltham 

5.5 {^aterford, M. of) 

8.6 (Roden, B. of) 

25.7 tCampbell (Home- 

1665— co?i^ 

25.7 Burdett of Bur- 

„ tMalcolm [thwaite 

1.8 §Gethin 

11.4 (tCamwath, E. of) 
30.4 (tBosslyn, E. of) 

30.4 tStirling of Glorat 
13.6 Twisden 

22.8 (tNapierft B., Bn.) 

„ tBamsay of Bamff 

27.3 fStewart (Shaw-) 


24.5 Hanham 

7.6 tWauehope (Don-) 
16.S tCampbell of Aber- 


20.2 (tQueensben-y, M. of) 
2i.9tCunyngham (Dick-), 
Cun. line [Cunning- 
ham of Caprington] 

25.4 Mostyn 

5.5 Stonhouse, 2nd pat. 


25. 1 tHome 

17.5 ^Leicester [Byrne] 
:8. 1 1 Croft of Croft Castle 
24. s Cockburn 


26.2 tCuniughame (Mont- 

gomery-) [Cuning- 
hame of Corsehill] 

28.2 tRoss 

25.5 tJardine of Apple- 
i3.nEden, W.Auckld.line 

7.6 tMurray of Ochter- 

ty e I 

16. 10 tMackenzie of Coul 
5.iitHamilton (Stii-ling-) 
[Hamilton of 
12.12 Blackctt 

18.12 Hoskyus 

3-3 Dyke 

29.3 (Combermere, Vise.) 

7.4 (Middleton, Bn.) 
]29.g (Brownlow, Earl) 
, 15.12 (§Rosse, E. of) 


2:. I Acland of Col limb 

John, 2nd cr. 

8.5 Oxenden (Dixwell-) 
I [Oxenden] 

I 6.7 Dyer 

!24.3 tClerk 
20.12 Stapleton 
iS.u(tLauderdale, B. of) 

S.I tMaxwell of Mon-i 
reith ' 

18.5 Parkyns \ 

29.6 ^Moore 

,, Bunbury of Stanney ; 

1.7 Parker of Melford 


12.4 tMaxwell (Stirling-), | 

[Maxwell] 1 

orig., giving prec. [ 

27.9 (^Kingston, E. of) 1 
28.i2tBannerman | 

5.1 tPringle 

7.2 tMaxwell (Heron-) 
21.4 tBethume (Sharp-; 

[Sharp of Scotseraig] 
ii.i2tSeton of PitmeMen 


16.9 Diishwood of Kirt- 


James II. 


25.3 tGrierson 

26.3 tKirkpatrick 


16.2 tBroun 

15.4 Blois 

g.g Speelman 
16.9 tKinloch of Gilmer- 

9.11 (^Inchinuin, Bn.) 

6.7 Wynn (Wms.-) 
lo.S tGrant of Dalvey 
ii.i2(\^Bellew, Bn.) 

William III. 


25.1 tLauder (Dick-) 


13.2 (Ripon, M. of) 

2.3 Leighton 

2.3 Colt 

29.3 tDunbarof Mochrum 
28.111-Anstriither of Bal- 

24.12 Thomas of Wenvoe 


28.2 tBaird of Saughton 

1.4 Soame(Buckwth.-H.-) 


29.4 tDalrvmple (Hamil- 

ton-) [Dalrymple] 

29.1 tDunbar of Durn 
28.9 (^De Vesci, Vise.) 

6.1 tAnstrather (Car- 
mi chael-), ist or., 
Ansti-uther line 

6.4 Chetwode 

10.4 tDunbar of Hemp- 

19.4 (tMiiito, E. of) 

25.4 t Johnstone 

3.3 tCuuyughame of 


5.5 tSuttie (Grant-^ 
31.12 (tCannichael, B .) 


32.2 tHay of Alderston 

„ tMackenzie of Gair- 

,, tMackenzie of Scat- 

21.5 Webster 

29.5 (Wlamvilliam, E. of) 
30.11 tFergussou of Kilker- 


13.4 (Boston, Bn.) 

12.6 (^Headfort, M. of) 
13.10 tSinclair of Dunbth. 
36.10 ^Levinge 

(s^Hawarden, Vise.) 
4.10 Le Fleming 
29.10 Miller of Chichester 
7.12 tGrant of Cullen 

29.7 tGordon of Afton 
31.7 tNaesmyth 

21.12 tDunbar (Duff-Suth- 

erld.-( [Dunbar of 



22.3tCunyngham (Dick-), 

Dick line 
27.3tMaxwell (Stii-ling-), 

2nd cr., prec. of 16S2 
Baronetcies q/' Gt. Brit, 
begin (Engld. and Scotld. 
mergedfrom June 20, 1707) . 
28.6 Dashwood of W.Wyc. 

10.3 (s^Muskerry, Bn.) 

16,2 Grey of London 

17.10 Lake 

19.2 (Radnor, E. of) 

Georg-e I. 


2.6 Warreuder 
i9.ii(Torrington, Vise.) 


1.7 Perrott 

26.2 Milner 
31.10 Elton 

17.6 Blunt 


21.4 Codrlngton of Dod- 
17.10 ^Echlin [ington 


10.6 Frederick 

1 1. 7 ^Weldon 

20.1 (Hill, Vise.) 

Georg-e II. 

26.4 (Calthorpe, Bn.) 

4.7 (Anglesey, M. of) 
„ ^Molyneux 
13. 1 Clayton (East-) 

[Clayton of Marden] 
17. 1 (Ancaster, E. of) 
16.8 Heathcote 
24.8 Dryden. 1st cr., Am- 
brosden line [Tur- 


7 Armytage 

2 Hulse 

10 (Newborough, Bn.) 


8 §Colthurst 


1 ^Wolseley of Mt. W. 

2 Beauchamp( Proctor-) 

22.3 (Suffield, Bn.) 




11. 1 (Grey, Earl) 

4.1 1 Gooch of Benacre 

14.6 (^Athlumney, Bn.) 

14.12 (Huntingfield, Bn.) 

21.4 Gibbons 
„ '755- 

15.2 "Wmnington 
1.3 Sheffield 

7.5 (Waterpark, Bn.) 
27.11 Johnson of N. York 

6.5 (Ridley, \^isc.) 

31. 10 Wilson (Bromley-) 
[Smith, then 
- - .] 


15.2 Wilmot of Chaddes- 


26.3 Cunlifl'e 

14.7 ^Bradstreet 

29.9 Glyn of Ewell, Bn.) 

J0.8 ^Bootli (Gore-) [Gore] 

George III. 

5.5 Ilesketh (Fermor-) 

16.11 (Zetland, M. of) 


22.4 Blakiston 

1.7 (^Dufferin & A., M. 


11.8 ^Cotter 

22.1 (Rodney, Bn.) 

9.8 Cornewall 

22.5 (Lonsdale, E. of) 

15.7 (Henniker, En.) 

31.10 Knowles of Lovell 


12.3 6Blunden 
„ 4St. George 

6.9 Thomas of Yapton 
3.ii(jCongleton, Bn.) 


8.9 Hort 

15.7 (^Carbery, Bn.) 

3.4 Burrard 

6.4 Alleyne 

2.5 Young of Nth. Dean 

1772., Bn.) 

8.10 Blake of Langham 
9.10 Mildraay (St.-Jolm-) 

10. 10 Wilmot of Osmaston 
14.10 Sutton 

TT ^'773- 
17.7 Hughes 

18.5 Coote of Donnybrk. 
20.5 Edmonstone 
21.5 Haumer 
26.5 Pfolkes 
30.5 Gibbes (Osborne-) 

[Gibbes] 1 

31.5 Burrell 

1774— eonf. 
[.6 Marriott (Smith-) 
?.ii Duntze 

^.2 §Walsh (Johnson-) 

[.II Buchanan (Leith- 



1.8 (.Fetherston 

j.8 (s^Cloucurry, Bn.) 

5.8 Hamilton of Marl- 

borough Ho., istcr 
i.g (Headley,Bni,2nd.or.) 

3.9 Mackworth 
5.g Peyton 

j.g Baker-Wilbraham 
[Baker of Loventor] 

3.10 Eden, 2nd or., Mary 

land line 

).i Douglas of Carr 
p. 2 ^Langrishe 


-).S (Hood, Vise.) 
;.7 Hawkins 
^8 ^Falkiner 
).8 Wombwell 
).8 (Mostyn, Bn.) 
[.8 Coghill 
j.g Gunning 

?.3 Rumbold 
?.8 (^Krench, Bn.) 
„ ^Hill of Brook Hall 

:.6 s^Waller of Newport 
!.]2(s\Ely, M. of) 

[.3 (Dunraven, E. of) 
!.6 Craufurd 
„ Sykes of Basildon 
,, Mosley 
!.io (Gainsboro'i E. of) 

!.i ^Denny of Castle 

.3 ^Chapman 

1.5 Fletcher (Aubrey-) 


1.6 (Haldon, Bn.) 

1.7 Affleck 
.7 Brisco 
'.8 Geary 

!.i2 ^Miisgrave of Tourin 

;.i Graham of Netherby 
i.3 Sykes of Sledmere 
). 1 2 Guise 
12 Graeme (Hamond-) 

!.i (Cottenham, E. of, 

1st or.) 
„ (Halifax, Vise.) 
„ Jodrell 
,, Durrant 
„ Fitz Herbert 
,, Ry croft 
,, Boevey (Crawley-) 

,, Dodsworth (Smith-) 
,, Beevor 
.7 ^Warren 

1.7 (^De Blaquiere.Bn.) 
i.7 (Ki 


14.2 Sinclair of TJlbster 
27.6 Eowley of Tendring 
„ Vane (Fletcher-) 

„ Hoare of Barn Elms 
„ Blair (Hunter-) 

Douglas of Springwd. 
■ ' " ".as] 

30.8 ^Bunbury(Richdsn.-; 

[Richardson of 31.7 Dallas 

1.3 Peohell (Brooke-) 
30.10 Onslow 

6.12 ^Jervis-W.-Jervis 
7.i2(^Ventry, Bn. 

2.2 Knightley 

7.4 Hay (Dalrymple-) 
18.S Anstruther (Carmi- 

24.7 Williams of Bodel- 

31.8 ^Cardan of 

1.9 ^DesVoeux 
3-3 Miller of Glenlee 

28.8 ^Hodson 


13. 1 (Churston, Bn.) 

5.6 Oakeley 

9.8 Orde (Campbell-) 


24.2 Malet 

25.2 Kennaway 
1.3 ^Lighlon 

26.4 Lushington 

28.7 (Northbourne, Bn.) 
„ Rich 
, , Boughton ( Rouse-) , 

Downton line 
„ Pole (Van-Notten-) 
„ Palmer of Wanlip 
,, Meyrick (Tapps- 
Gervis-) [Tapps] 
18.7 King (Duckworth-), Bn.) 
15.11 (Tredegar, Bn.) 


12.1 (Dysart, E. of) 

22.2 Ford 

29.5 (Northbrook, E. of) 

20.1 ^Paul of Paulville 

1.9 Pasley 

S.g Bowyer, 2nd or., 

Radley line 
9.9 (Gardner, Bn., drmt.) 

10.9 Curtis of Gatcombe 
8. 1 2 Willoughby 

1. 5 Chetwynd 
2.S Dryden, 2nd cr.. 

Canons Ashby line 
11.5 Grace 
12.5 Darell 
13.5 Neave 
14.5 Hawley 
15.5 Pollen 

3.7 -MacGregorofMacG. 
4.7 (Heytesbui'y, Bn.) 
6.7 (Derwent, Bn.) 

8.7 Poore , 
33.7 ^Nugent of Ballin- 

26.7 ^Meredyth of Car- 


31.10 Lamb 

1.3 Farqiihar of Cadogan 

18.3 (Exmoiith, Vise.) 

19.4 Belllngham 

12.5 Hartopp (Cradock-) 
14.S Baker of Dunstable 



4.1 ^^Macartney 
28.8 ^Smith (Cusack-) 
30.11 Troubridge 

22.1 1 Glyn of Gaunt's 
28.11 Milman 

29.11 Peel of Drayton 


15.12 Stirling of Faskine 
30.12 ^Culle (Wheeler-) 
Baronetcies all of U.K. 
{Gt. Brit. & Ireld. merged 

Jan. I, :8oi). 
13.6 (De Saumarez, Bn.) 
15.6 (Straehie, Bn.) 
22.6 (Cottenham, E. of, 

2nd cr.) 
27.6 Welby [Welby- 

29.6 Baynes 

30.6 Lennard (Barrett-) 

16.7 Montgomery 


31.7 Dillon 
1.8 Keane 
4-8 Harding^ 

5.8 Fitzgerald (Judkin-) 
6.8 Kellett 

8.8 Goold 

W.8 Crofton of Mohill 
n.8 De Bathe 

12.8 Synge 


16.7 Nepean 

2.9 Baker of Wembley 


21.5 (Islington. Bn.) 
20.12 White of Walling- 
21.12 Metcalfe [wells 
23.12 Curtis of Cullands 


20.6 Brooke (De-Capell-) 

21.6 Stewart of Athenree 
32.6 Stronge 
29.6 Barlow of Fort Wm. 

10.8 Wedderburn 
S.12 Kay 


2.2 Price (Rugge- [Price] 
21.5 Gumming (Gordon-) 
22.5 Sullivan of Thames 


26.5 Mainwaring 

9.6 Maxwell of Cardoness 

1 1. 6 Smith of Tring Park 
14.6 (Ormathwaite, Bn.) 
15.6 Lethbridge 

28.6 Clarke of Crosses 

Green Ho. 
29.6 Bruce of Downhill 
30.6 Lees of Blackrock 
Campbell of Ardna- 

26.10 Hartwell 
30.10 FitzWygram 

Historic Baronetage. 


1805 — COTlf. 

31.10 De-Crespigny 


I. II Lopes 

2.11 Catterell 

g.ii Maofeeuzie (Muir-) 

6.12 Prevost of Belmont 

19.2 Bromhead 
3.3 Rolls (Shelley-) 

[Shelley of Castle 

4.3 Cholmeley [Goring 

1.4 Louis 
9.4 (Avebury, Bn.) 

30.4 Scott of Gt. Ban- 

12.5 Morris of Cliasemont 
13.5 Ramsay of Balmain 
24.5 Lockhart of Lee 
27.11 Praser [don 

28.11 Nugent of Waddes- 

11. 1 2 Thompson of Harts- 

bourne Manor 
13.12 Scott of Dunninald 
13.12 (St. Audries, Bn., 

ist cr., Harting- 

ton line) 
13.11 (Chesterfield, 
14. 1 1 Blonielield 

1814— conJ. 
19.9 Dimbarof Boath 
ai.g Hoste 
ag. 10 Cuyler 


6.5 Hepburn (Buchan-) 

„ MoMahon of Dublin 

22.5 Simeon 

„ Campbell of Thames 

„ Dom^'ile of Santry 

„ Jackson of Arlsey 
„ Steuart (Seton-) 
I [Steuart] 

,, Antrobus 
30.5 Waller of Braywick 
„ Preston 
,, Price of Trengwain- 

i.D Oakes 
21.7 King of Charlestown 

9.3 Brownrigg 
12.3 Ogle 
30.3 Floyd 
25.5 Elphinstone of 
7.8 McMahon of St. Jas. 

30.11 iMaitland 
1. 12 Johnson of Bath 
3.12 Verney 
7.12 Bathm-st (Hervey-) 

10.12 Lechmere 

12.12 (DeL'Isle&D., Bn.) 
14.12 Hare of Stow Bar- 

16.12 Sliiflner 
. BairdofNewbyth 17.12 Croftof Cowling HaU 
S Seymom- (Cvdme-) 

[Seymour] I ioi9- 

20.9 Ko>)erts of Glasson-:26.i Hamilton of Marlb. 
bury ! Ho.,2ndcr.,Trebin 

22.9 Blennerhassett ' shun line 

23.9 Smith of Eardiston :i4.4 Mahon 
25.9 Bushout 1 G-poro-p TV 

ii.i2Alexander of Dublin fsai 

iS.i2Stamer | ^_^ Campbell (Cockbn.-) 

I012. j [Cockburn] 

S.i2Gallwey (Frankland-, ,^.8 (Cottesloe, Bn.) 
^ Payne-) [Gallwey] ij.s Corbett (Astley-) 
-- -2 Russell of Swallow-| "^ [Astley] 


17.9 Campbell of Succoth 
3. 10 Montgomery of The 

„ (Berners, Bn.) 
„ Corbet 
„ Sitwell 
„ Medlyoott 
„ Perring 
„ Pigott 

13.4 (St. Audries, Bn. ,2nd 


Munro of Lindertis 

Dalrymple (Elphin- 
stone-) [Dalrymple 
of Nth. Berwick, 
then Dalrymple- 

(Vivian, Bn.; 

Vavasour of Hazel- 





Di-ummond (Wms.-) 

William IV. 

1838— con?. 

Foster of Norwich 

Menteth (Stuart-) 
...... (Wimborne, Bn.) 

15.8 Bellew (Grattan-) 
' [Bellew] 

17.8 East (Clayton-), of 

Hall Place 
18.S Crofton of Longfd. 
28.4 Spearman 

39.4 Stockenstrom 

30.7 Buxton 

12.8 Pelly 


22.5 Willshire 

5.5 Arthur of Upper 

23.6 Couper 
7.9 De Trafford 
8.9 Lawson of Brough 

18.9 Armstrong of Gallen 

30.9 Clay [Priory 

14.10 Le Marchant 
iS. 10 Power of Roe Buck 



15 12 Hunter 
22.13 Hobhouse 
2S.12 Kay e (Lister-) 
31.12 Leeds 

12. 1 Owen 

2.11 (Grimthorpe, Bn.) 
„ Radcliffe 
„ Hughan (Henniker-) 

12.11 Gordon (Duff-) 
13.11 Jervoise (Clarke-) 
23.11 Burton (Denys-) 

24. 1 1 Young of Formosa PI. 

27.11 Macdonald of East 

- Sheen 

21.12 Wraxall 

7.5 Fowke 
21.5 Peirse (Eeresford-) 

17.8 Shaw of terenure 
18.8 Pocock 
20.8 (Hylton, Bn.) 
21.8 Farquhar (Townsd.-) 
23.8 WUmot (Eardley-) 
24.8 Dvmdas of Beeohwd. 
27.8 Erskine 

28.8 Young of Baillieboro^ 
31.8 Cooper (Paston-) 
LCooper of Gade- 
3.9 Paul of Rodboro' 
7.9 Scott of Lytchett 
6.11 King of Corrard 

7.1 Brooke of Colebrooke 

9.3 James 

3.4 Arbuthnot 
4.11 Forbes of Newe 
I. II Robinson of Batt's 
4.iiBaillie [House 

28.7 DomviUeofSt.Albans «-i2 0chterlony 
39.7 (Grey of Fallodon, i°24. 

Vise.) 3.iiLowther of Swilling 

1.9 Blackwood | ton 


1S.12 Parker 01 



Douglas of Glen- 

Campbell of Bar- 

Fosterof Stone House 

Harty [Hall 1 23.12 (Gough, Vise.) 

Jones of Cranmer 

Becher (Wrixon-) 
Lawson of Braytoni 

Nugent of Clonoos- 

koran [Humble] 
Craig (Gibson-) 
Campbell of New 

Nugent of Donore 
Clarke of Dunham 

Laurie [Bayley] 

"Walker (Forestier-) 


Rowley of HUl Ho. 
Camac (Eivett-) 
1 Lucy (Ramsay-Fair- 
fax-) [Fairfax] 

Sawle (Graves-) 

Power of Kilfane 



Boswall (Houstoun-! 

I Wood of Hathertey 





(Lytton, E. of) 

Gordon (Smith-) 

Boileau [Smith] 

Grant (Macpherson-) 



13.7 (Hampton, Bn.) 

ib.7 Gladstone 

20.7 (Magher.amorne.Bn.) 

21.7 Feilden 

22.7 Verner 

g.i Davie (Ferguson-) 
ii.i Currie 
12.1 (Rothschild, Bn.) 

25.9 O'Brien of Merrion 
5.12 Duke [vSquare 

22.12 (Shuttleworth, iin.) 

S.i Abdy 

16.1 (Hothfield, Bn.) 


25.6 Alison 

5.7 (Glanusk, Bn.) 
27.11 Bouham 

lo.s (Knutsford.Visc.) 

21.9 Robinson of Toronto 


22.3 Peto 

4.5 Moon of Portm. Sq. 

19.7 Walker of Oakley Ho. 

5.5 Locock 

6.8 Je.ieebhoy 

8.1 Wilson of Delhi 
22.1 Allan (Havelock-) 

20.4 Griffith (Waldie-) 

[Griffith] [now 

10.8 Lawrence of Luck- 
i5.S (Lawrence, Bn.) 

10. 1 1 Outram 




Nicholson of Ludden- 




Stiicley [fort-) 

Duncombe (Paunce- 


(Somei'leyton, Bn.) 
Browij of liiclimond 

Cooiiei- of Woollalira 

1874 — cont. 
4.3 Miller of Manderston 
r, -6.3 (Knaresborough.Bn-) 
tham ,3,5 Peek 

14.5 Rose of Rayners 

16.5 Kelk 

14.6 Barttelot 

18.3 Scoiirfleld 

21.2 Leslie of Glasslough 

22.2 Greenall 

23.2 Hardy 

24.2 (Waleran, Bn.) 

25.2 Codrington of Dod- 

ington Park 
' Oust 

Buller (Jlanning- 
ham-) [haugli 

Fergusson of Spital- 

Simpson [St. 

Watson of Henrietta 

(Tweedmouth, Bn.) 


Pryse (Webley- 
Parry-) [Pryse] 

(St. Levan, Bn.) 

Pollock of Hatton 

Edwards of Pye Nest 

Williams of Tregul- 

: Lampson 

Napier of Menion Sq. 


Guinness [Pk. 

Lawrence of Ealing 

25.2 Jenner 

17.11 (HiUingdon, Bn.) 

28.11 Harvey of Langley 
7.12 Child 

8.12 Harvey of Crown Pt. 
9.12 Walker of Sand 

1 1. 1 2 Buckley 

23.12 Moss (Edwards-) 
24.12 Larcom 

19. 1 Brady 

26.10 Saloinons (Goldsmid- 
Stern-) [Salomons] 
28. 10 Seymour of the 

29.10 O'Connell 
30.10 Salt of Saltaire 
2. 1 1 Fairbairn 
3.iiEarleof AUerton 
4. II Jackson (Mather-) 
[Jackson 01 Birkon- 

23.5 (Moncreiff, Bn., 

2nd cr. of Btcy.) 
19.8 Paget of Harewd. PI. 
28.11 Christison 
8.2 Gull 

26.3 Pollock (Montagu-) 

9.9 Rose of Montreal 

16.4 Kinloch of Kinloeh 
4.8 Waterlow 

13.3 Trevelyan ofW ailing- 

16.3 Wilson of Bshton 
17.3 Forster of Lysways 
18.3 Grove 

21.3 Amory (Heathcoat-) 
^3.3 Price (Green-) 

t.S Fi-ere 

1.8 Temple of The Nash 

.11 Milne 

3.5 Mowbray 

5.5 MejTick (Charlton-) 

6.5 Lennard of Wick- 
ham Ct. 
7.5 (Hindlip, Bn.) 
8.5 Ripley of Rawdon 
ii.S Goldney 

13.5 Bates [oia 
8.7 FitzGerald of Valen- 


14.6 Stewart of S.Kensgtn 
28.12 Phillimore 

29.12 Sullivan of Garryduflf 

3.5 (Swansea, Bn.) 

5.5 Matheson 

5.5 Milbank 
f^.S Bass 

g^S Wittewronge(Lawes- 

S Adam of Blair Adam 
22.5 Marling 
23.5 Freake 
29.12 Clarke of Rupertswd. 

33.5 Jessel ot Ladham 

9.8 Clark of Cavendish 
22.10 (Farrer, Bn.) [Sq, 

27.5 (Iveagh, Bn.) 

16.7 Millais 

17.7 (Glenconner, Bn.) 

18.7 Eri-ington 

20.7 Jardine (Buchanan-! 

21.7 Bell of Rounton 

22.7 Brocklebank 

23.7 Vernon of Hanbury 

11.8 Thornhill (Compton-) 


14.9 (Killanin, Bn.) 

''■' '°"^886. 

12.2 Walker of Gateacre 

13.2 Alexander of Bal- 


16.2 Montefiore 

3.3 (Movmt Stephen, Bn.) 
5.3 Green of Wakefield 
6.3 Paget of Craaamore 
8.3 Ewing(Orr-) 

10.3 Cook 
27.8 Mappin 

iSHb— conf. I 

28.8 (Airedale, Bn.) 

31.8 Palmer of Grinkle 
!8.9 Clark of Edinburgh 


6.6 Hanson 

4.6 Garden of Molesey 
16.7 Clitlbrd 
19.7 Dalrymple of New- 

20.7 Houldsworth 
22.7 Moon of Copsewood 
23.7 Philipps 
25.7 Lucas 
26.7 Thursby 
27.7 Loder 

13.9 EwartofGlenmachan 
26.9 Kinahan '"""'" "" ' 

12.6 Collet 

13.9 Tupper 

10.10 King of Campsie 

24.6 (Inverclyde, Bn.) 

27.6 Porter of Merrion Sq. 

13.7 Boehm 

26. 1 1 Whitehead 

20.3 Llewelyn (Dilh^^yn-) 
21.3 Mackenzie of Glen 

22.3 Sassoon of Kensing- 
ton Gore 

34.3 Savory of Brook St. 

17.4 Fowler [ley 
18.4 Thompson of Guise- 
12.6 (Newlands, Bn.) 

16.6 Acland of Oxford 

1.9 Petit 


6.2 (Rosmead, Bn.) 

7.2 Rawlinson 

g.2 (Crawshaw Bn.) 
1 1. 2 Kennard 

2.7 Stephen 
14.9 Savory of Buckhurst 

6.4 Durand 

17.6 Wiggin 
7.10 Stewart(McTaggart-) 

[Stewart of South- 
8.10 Jaffray 
13.10 (Burnham, En.) 
19. 10 Armstrong of London 
20.10 Muir 

25.10 (Farquhar, Bn.) [PI. 
2i.iiHamiltonof Cadogan 

1.7 (Holden, Bn.) 

3.7 (Joicey, Bn.) 

17.7 Hart 

7.8 Cameron 
8.8 Hiugley 

9.8 Ingram 

10.8 Broadbent 
II. 8 Knill 

4.9 Gilbey 


24.1 (Lyell, Bn.) 
6.2 Fry 

4.5 Jones (Bume-) 
23.6 (Swaythling, Bn.) 
25.6 Coats (Glen-) 

26.6 (Cowdray, Vise.) 

16.7 Austin 
17.7 Reckitt 

30.10 Williams of London 

11.2 Barraii 
15.2 Newnes 
13.7 Pale 

15.7 Watson of Earnock 

1895— co«?. 

27.7 Brunner 

29.8 Bell of Glasgow 
30.8 (Blyth, Bn.) 

31.8 Leyland (Naylor-) 
2.9 Agnew of Gt. Stan- 
hope St. 
4.9 Renals 
5.9 Forwood 

7.2 Fayrer 
12.2 Arnott 

15.2 (MerthjT, Bn.) 
17.2 Coddington 
18.2 Boord 
ig.2 Seely 
21.7 Cave 
23.7 Mclver 

24.7 Verdin [Penrose-) 

4.8 FitzGerald (Liniacke. 


13.2 Lees of S. Lytchett 


15.3 Wills of Manor Heath 
i.3 Powell 

8.3 Baird of Urie 

27.8 Phillips (Faudel-) 
28.8 ReidofEUon 

31.8 Gamble 

1.9 Gilmour 
3.9 Pender 

4.9 Ripley of Acacia 
6.9 Smith of Stratfd. PI. 

13.9 Quilter 

35.9 Paget of Sntton Bon. 
27.9 Wood of The Hermit- 

1898. [age 

7.T Nanney (Ellis-) 
8.3 Samuel of Nevern 
9.3 VVigan [Sq. 

10.3 Holder 
12.3 Maolure 
17.6 De la Rue 
18.6 Dundas of Arniston 
20.6 Rankin 
27.6 Tate 

20.2 Thompsoi 
21.2 Hornby 

22.2 Bai-ry 
7.8 Hoare of 
8.8 Salt of Weeping 
g.8 Usher 


18.5 Newton 

19.6 Chance 
20.6 Chubb 

21.6 Greene 

12.7 Lawson of Weetwd. 
13.7 Wrightson [Grange 
24.9 Pile 

25.9 McConnell 

26.9 Thomson (Mitchell-) 

Edward VII. 

5.3 Aird 
6.3 Backhouse 
8.3 Gunter 
„ Church 

1 1. 3 Portal 

19.12 Green of London 

7.3 Barlow of London 
22.7 Porter of ^ St. Nessans 
23.7 Dimsdale 
24.7 Bradford 
15.7 Noble 
;6.7 Evans 
28.7 Laking 
29.7 Lipton ^ 
30.7 Treves 
31.7 PaiT-y 

1 of London 

Historic Baronetage. 

65 ! 

1902— co«<. 
1.8 Lewis of Portld. PI. 
2.8 Foynter [Ho. 

4.8 Jackson of Stansted 
S.S (Faringdon, Bn.) 
6.8 Hodge (Hermon-) 
7.8 Muntz 
8.8 (Aberconway, Bn.) 

S.I Brown of Broome 
6.1 Banbury [Hall 

7.1 Kenshaw 


10. 1 Arthur of Carlung 
12. 1 Nutting 

3.2 Chisholm 

7.7 Primrose 
25.8 Hickman 

25.8 Samuel of The Mote 

27.8 Brocklehurst 

28.8 Wright (Cory-) 

29.8 Rasch 

31.8 Todd (Wilson-) 
7.10 Dixon [brook 

8 10 Cochrane of Wood- 
9.10 Murphy of Altadore 

10.10 Fitzgerald of Cork 

12.10 Brooke of Summer- 

13.10 Smiley 

12.12 Bingham 

14.12 Knowles of Westwd. 

15. 12 Ritchie 


ig.8 Wills of Hazelwood 

20.8 Ropner 

22.8 GouldingofMillicent 

23.8 (Northcliffe, Bn.) 

24.8 Kimber 

26.8 White of Bristol 

12.12 Cayzer 

13.12 riannery 

14.12 Boyle 

15.12 Heath 

16.12 Nairn 


2J.2 Monson 

24.7 Boulton 

25.7 Birkin 

26.7 Cooper of HursleyPk 

27.7 Fison 

29.7 Royden 

31.7 (Jlichelham, Bn.) 

1.8 Tritton 
2,8 Wernher 
3.8 Pound 
6.12 Avery 
7.12 Coats 

, 8.12 Goff (Davis-) 
g. 1 2 Duncan 
11.12 EUerman 
1S.12 Bell (Morrison-) 
19.12 Cohen [Ct. 

20.12 Cooper of Shenstone 
21.12 Hare of Stow Hall 
22.12 Hosg (Lindsay-) 
23.12 Hulton [mire Ldge 
26.12 Lawson of Knaves- 
27.12 Ley 

28.12 Praed (Mackworth-) 
29.12 Mann 
30.12 Milburo 


12.7 Walker of Pembroke 
Ho. [Gdns. 

13.7 Lawrence of Sloane 
14-7 Nixon 
16.7 Swann 
17.7 Spicer 

18.7 Ferguson (Johnson-) 
19.7 Green well 
20.7 Huntington 
21.7 Langraan 
23.7 Runciraan 
24.7 Schuster 

1906 — eont. 
25.7 Speyer 
26.7 Tooth (Lucas-) 
27.7 Wilson of Airdrie 

1. 12 Caw ley 

3.12 (Channingof W.,Bn 

4.12 Graham of Larbert 

5.12 Hunter (Hughes- 
^ , '9°7- 

17.7 Treloar 

18.7 (Rotherham, Bn. 

19.7 (Treowen, Bn.) [Hall 
20.7 Barlow of Bradwall 
32.7 Blake of Tillmouth 

24.7 (Forteviot, Bn.) 
25.7 Edwards of Knighton 
26.7 Stow (Philipson-) 
27.7 Scott of Beauclere 
25.11 Bilsland 
26.11 Colman 
27.11 Cory 
28.11 Donner 

15.7 Leese 
16.7 Jehangir 
17.7 Brunton 
:8.7 Bell of Framewood 
20.7 Cheyne 
21.7 (Whltburgh, Bn.) 
22.7 (Devonport, Vise.) 
23.7 Barratt (Layland-) 
24.7 Perks [nallt 

25.7 Roberts of Bi-yngwe- 
27.7 Robinson of Kim- 

28.7 Waitnington 
27.11 Low 
30.11 Shaw of Wolver- 

2.12 Hatch 


9.2 Sassoon of Bombay 
15.7 Duckworth 
16.7 Truscott 
17.7 Scarisbrick [Ho. 

19.7 Rose of Hardwick 
21.7 Holden 

2.7 Lakiu 
23.7 Longman 

14.7 Morris of Cav. Sq. 

16.7 Nussey 

27.7 Scott of Windermere 

28.7 Williams of Castell 

29.7 Williamson of 

24.11 Johnson of Dublin 
25.11 Crossley of Glenfleld 
26.11 Bell of Mynthurst 
27.11 Horsfall 
29.11 Kleinwort [Field 
30.11 Roberts of Milner 

George V. 

14.6 Ewart of the White 
7.7 Fuller [Ho. 
8.7 Mond 

9.7 Warner 
ii.7 Walton 
1^.7 Briscoe 

13.7 Champneys 

14.7 (Rothermere, Bn.) 
15.7 Jonesof BronJlenai 
16.7 Lament 
18.7 Meyer 
19.7 Tuck 

20.7 Karimbhai Ibrahim 

3.2 Balfour 

4.2 Baring 

6.2 de Graaff 

7.2 Henry 

8.2 Levei: of Hans Place 

9.2 Maoara 
10.2 Raphael 
11.2 Smith of Hillbrook 
13.2 Waeohter [Castle 
14.2 Toimger of Auchen 
20.6 Ward of Awarua 
22.6 Anderson 
23.6 Ball 
24.6 Redwood 
25.6 Bethell 
?7.5 Beauchamp 
28.6 Butlin 
29.6 Coates 

30.6 Everard 
1.7 Goodhart 
3.7 Haworth 

4.7 Jones (Bowen-) 
5.7 Leon 

6.7 (Leverhulme, Bn.) 
7.7 Lonsdale 

8.7 Mander 

10.7 Markham 
1 1.7 Osier 

12.7 Younger of Leckie 
13.7 Lambart 

1.8 Smith (Asshetou-) 
12.12 David 


31. 1 Heaton 

1.2 Barwick [Grange 

2.2 ForsterofThe 

3.2 Murphy of Wyckham 

5.2 Nelson 

5.2 Neumann 

7.2 Nicholson of Har- 

8.2 Ralli [rington Gdns. 

9.2 Skinner 

10.2 Phillips 
12.2 Albu 

2.7 Poe 

3.7 Beale 

4.7 Claughton 

5.7 Cross 

6.7 Godlee [Vetcherj 

8.7 Samuel of Chelwood 

9.7 (Colwyn.Bn.) 
10.7 Taagye [stead 

11.7 Watson of Sulham- 


3.2 Scott of Witley 
4.2 Le-sT 

5.2 Crisp [Runchorelal 
6.2 ChinubhaiMadhavlal 
7.2 Bartlett 
10.2 Jackson of Eagle Ho. 

19.4 Bagot 
14.6 Barrie 

16,6 Denny of Dumbarton 
17.6 Evans (Gwynne-) 

18.5 Furness 
9,6 Lane 
0.6 Todd 

1.6 "Vestey [House 

7.10 Burnett of Selbarne 

9.11 Campbell of Ard- 

namurchan (with 
precedency of 1804 ) 
0.1 Ward of Wilbraham 
i.i Stafford [Place 

3.1 Beardmore 
3.1 McParland [Park 
4.1 Vernon of Shotwick 
J4.7 Hobart 

5.7 Benn 
6.7 Bowater 
7.7 Beechain 
8.7 Horlick 

1914 — cont. 
20.7 Maclay 

21.7 Nivison [don 

22.7 Stevenson of Cleve- 

1915- ! 

8.2 Greenwood [head 1 
9.2 Williams of Bride- | 

10.2 Cochrane of Wood- ' 
brook Bray 

21.6 Parker of Carlton 

22.6 Norman [Ho. Ter. 

23.6 Bowden 

24.6 Crosfield 

25.6 Goulding of Wai- 

26.5 Lyle [grave Hall 


15. 1 O'Brien of Ardtona 

17. 1 Goschen [worth 

18.1 Russell of Little- 

ig. 1 Sturdee of the Falk- 
land Islands [ming 

20.1 Jardine of Godal- 

21.1 Bullough [don 

22.1 Johnston of Lon- 

24. 1 Booth of AUerton 

25. 1 Burbidge [Cresct. 

26.1 Pal mer of Grosvenor 

27. 1 Rutherford 

28. 1 Webb 

29- 1 Yarrow 

29-6 Boyd 

30.6 Fiennes 
1.7 Borwick 

3.7 (Beaverbrook, Bn,) 

4.7 Devitt 

5.7 Du Cros 

6.7 Dunlop 

7.7 Falle 

8.7 Holt 

107 Methuen 

11.7 Moir 
12.7 Pearson 
13.7 TatemI 
14.11 Meredith 

15.11 Worthington-Evans 

10. 1 Campbell of Glenavy 
11.1 Boot 
1 2. 1 Ainsworth 

13.1 Hillof Biadford 

14.2 Mathews 
15.2 Adam 
16.2 Wakefield 
17.2 Holland 

19.2 Taylor, (Worsley-) 

20.2 Dewey [Heath 

21.2 Stevenson of Walton 

20.6 Russell of Olney 

21.6 Elliott 

22.6 Magnus 

23.6 Dewar 

25.6 Dunn of Clitheroe I 

26.6 Hadfield 

27.6 Carlile 

28.6 Mathias [bright 

29.6 Nairne of Kirkcud- 

30.6 JesaelofH'estminster 
2.7 Terry (Imbert-) 

3.7 Churchman 

4.7 Knott 

5.7 Hicking 

6.7 Clark or Dunlambert 

7.7 Gray 

9.7 Jones of Pentower 

10.7 Smith (Vassar-) 
11.7 Taylor 

12.7 Harrison [Steel) 

13,7 Maitland (Ramaay- 

14.7 Remnant 

16.7 Stanier 

17.7 Sykea of Cheadle 

18.7 Flavelle 

66 Introduction. 


Though this grade has long gone out of existence it demands notice from its earlier 
importance, as in its more honourable form it was superior to that of Baronets. It was 
ordinarily the reward of merit in the field, and was conferred, under the royal standard, by 
the King himself or the Prince of Wales when present, or by the General in their absence, 
in which last case it ranked inferior to the dignity of a Baronet : the former class were 
Knights Bannerets Royal, the latter Knights Bannerets of the Secondary Creation. 
The Knight elect was introduced into the presence of the King (or General), having a 
long pennon on which his arms were painted, when His Majesty, " after good words and 
wishes," commanded the tip of the said pennon to be cut off so that it might be 
converted into a four-square banner. This explains the name, and an assurance of the 
importance of the distinction is conveyed by the fact that no other person below the 
dignity of a Baron was allowed to bear his arms upon a banner. Col. .John Smith, who 
recovered the royal standa,rd at Edgehill, was awarded this honour by Charles the 
First ; but a more recent instance of its bestowal occurred when George the Third, at 
a naval review at Portsmouth in 1773, made of Admirals Pye and Sprye and Captains 
Knight, Bickerton, and Vernon, the very last recipients of the English dignity of Knight 
Banneret. It was never hereditary in this country, though it was so in France. 


General Remarks.— In ' The Book of the Court ' we find this note : " It is a curious 
circumstance that the English name of this degree is almost the only one which does not 
imply its equestrian nature, for in the French a Knight is styled ' Chevalier ' froni 
cheval, as in German ' Ritter ' or ri der ; " " Caballiero " is also cited as a Spanish form, and 
it is added, "From the spurs of gold with which Knights were generally invested they 
were likewise frequently designated Equites Aurati." The familiar form of the knight in 
chess will occur to every one in this connection. Knighthood in its earlier days pertained 
only to men of arms, and it has been noted that Sir William Walworth, who appears 
to have been the first civilian to receive the honour, actually obtained it for performing 
the military function of slaying Wat Tyler. Henry the Eighth knighted serjeants-at-law, 
and James the First knighted anybody who would pay. The ceremonies of investiture 
were anciently in part courtly and in part devotional. A feast was held, and robes, 
arms, and spurs were put on ; whilst both before and after the conferring of the dignity 
the Knight had to take part in services in the church, comprising a solemn confession, a 
vigil, and the sacrament. A sword used then to be girded on, but for this there came to 
be^ substituted the modern ceremony of the accolade or tap with that weapon by the 
Sovereign upon the neck and shoulders of the Knight (King James, famed for his 
awkwardness, was only prevented by the Duke of Buckingham from thrusting the sword 
during this process into Sir Kenelm Digby's eye). But at one time nobles and ecclesiastics 
also were wont to confer the title, and Kings themselves have received it from .such, as 
did Louis the Eleventh from Philip of Burgundy, and Francis the First from Bayard, 
the Knight " sans peur et sans reproche ; " and so, in our own country. Brand, Abbot of 
Bury St. Edmunds, knighted Hereward and another, whilst Lanfranc, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, conferred the rank upon William Rufus even during the reign of his haughty 
father. Generals in the army had indisputably the power at one period, and laws were 
even enacted under which penalties were sometimes enforced both upon giver and 
recipient when the latter was below the status of a gentleman. 

The above were " Knights " in the broad sense of the term — not Knights Bannerets nor 
Knights of any distinctive Order, nor even Knights Bachelor until in process of time 
they became merged in that rank as stated further on. The rank of a Knight is 
exceedingly ancient. Alfred the Great is known to have knighted his nephew Athelstan, 
and Segar recounts that a Knight was created in this country so early as the year 506 
(the reputed era of King Arthur's Knights of the Round Table). 

There are with us eight leading Orders of Knighthood —the Garter, the Thistle, St. 
Patrick, the Bath, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, the Indian Empire, 
and the Roval Victorian Order. To these we may add Knights Baclielor, though not a 
constituted" Order ; also, but with Companions only, the Order of Merit, the Distin- 
guished Service Order, the Imperial Service Order, and (for Ladies) the Victoria and 
Albert and the Crown of India ; yet again there are the Order of Mercy and the Knights of 
the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, which embrace both sexes, and vi^hich, 
like the Military Knights of Windsor, confer no precedence and are denoted by no initials. 

The Knightage, Gompanionage, &c. 67 

Not one of these is hereditary, though Knights of the Garter, even were they only com- 
moners, would take precedence of Baronets. Both this and the Orders of the Thistle and 
St. Patrick have come to be restricted to nobles, though not quite exclusively, notable 
exceptions being the bestowal of the Garter upon Sir Edward Montagu (afterwards Earl 
of Sandwich), Sir Robert Walpole, William Herbert (who became Earl of Pembroke), and 
in 1912 upon Sir Edward (now Viscount) Grey, and of the Thistle (likewise prematurely) 
upon the late Dukes of Argyll and Buccleuch, as also upon the late Sir William Stirling- 
Maxwell, and lately upon Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, whilst we are told that 
the Garter was offered upon his retirement to Mr. Gladstone. The title "Sir" is for- 
mally prefixed to the names, when given in full, of all Peers who are also either Knights 
or Baronets. Wherever in the Knightage the husband is styled " Sir " the wife, in con- 
ventional usage, has the title " Lady " or " Dame " as in the case of a Baronetess. But 
in both cases the honour is one of courtesy and not of right. 

All of the above Orders have been customarily conferred by the accolade (see 
above), but the higher ones have been more and more often made exceptions, and it 
is now a frequent course for even a Knight Bachelorship to be granted by letters-patent 
when distance or any other cause interferes with a personal conferment. Some of the 
most recent recipients of the Garter and Thistle have, however, undergone the ceremony 
of knighting, and two Knights of St. Patrick submitted to it from the Viceroy during 
the year 1900, though the latter's creative power extends only to Knights Bachelor. 

A Central Chancery for all the Orders of Knighthood was established in 1904, and 
it was ordained that the issue of insignia and the registration of warrants should be 
carried out by the Lord Chamberlain's Department at St. James's Palace. 

The cuts representing the stars of the various Orders, small as the}' are, may assist 
in rendering their descriptions intelligible. But for the Garter, Thistle, St. Patrick, 
and Bath (G.C.B. Mil.) much clearer ones will be found on our title-page. 

The Most Noble Order op the Garter. — The commonly accepted date of the 
institution of this Order is August 1348, or thereabouts, its founder being Edward the 
Third ; it was re-constituted in 1805 and again in 1831. The story of its origin, 
in one form or other, is familiar to all, and the one that seems most to be pre- 
ferred is that it was Edward's own Queen who dropped her garter, and 
uttered the famous words, " Honi soit qui mal y pense ! " upon his picking it up, 
in response to his rally as to what would be thought of her for thus losing her garter in 
public. The further incident is appended that Edward then placed the garter round his 
own knee by way of rebuke to those who " saw liarm " in it, and that the occurrence 
thus grew famous, and the garter came to be adopted as the battle-signal at Crecy. 
Another story is that Richard Coeur de Lion during the Crusades once adopted a white 
leathern strap below the left knee to distinguish his own soldiers from infidels during a 
night assault — a theory which would place the origin of the Order a century and a 
half earlier, and which fails to account for the blue colour of the Garter and still more 
for the origin of the motto. Sir Harris Nicolas gives as a translation of this motto, "May 
he be dishonoured who thinks ill of it, "adding "i.e., the expedition to France." This hints 
at some third original for the Order, apparently following Camden in taking the Crecy 
battle-signal as the starting-point ; iDut here again we want explanation as to why any 
one, in those days at least, should " think ill " of a grand warlike expedition. But 
though mistrusting this application, we must all admit without hesitation that Sir 
Harris's translation itself is more nearly literal than the one commonly received, which 
first ignores the "y" for the sake of making out a proverb applicable to anything or 
nothing, and then repeats the word "evil" without any warrant from the original. 
For the word "honi," which in modern French would be "honni," is not even a 
noun at all, but a participle (from "honnir," a verb used only in the passive and in 
the sense of " vilipender," but with a force of indignation which makes it amount 
to a curse). " Accursed be he who sees harm in the Garter " is evidently the real 
intent of the words ; Sir Harris's "dishonoured"' is far too feeble. 

The Order itself may be said to rank iiidisputably as the first in the world, and the 
number of foreign Sovereigns who have accepted it is almost countless. It is still limited 
to twenty-five Knight Companions, with the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and other 
members of the Royal Family (Queen Alexandra and Queen Mary are both Ladies of 
the Garter), and such extra Knights and foreign rvilers and dignitaries as may be 
admitted by special statute ; the only alteration has been the extension of the limits to 
descendants of the first instead of the second George. A Knight of the Garter is at his 
investiture allotted a stall in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, over which are set up, to 

G 2 

68 Jntrod'oction. 

be retained throughout his life, his sword, helmet, crest, banner, and a plate containing 
his arms and titles: this practice is still in vogue.* 

The o^cen-s of the Order are— Prelate, the Bishop of Winchester ; Chancellor, the 
Bishop of Oxford (formerly Salisbury) ; Registrar, the Dean of Windsor— all three ex 
officio ; besides these are Garter King of Arms, usually called " Garter," the Gentleman 
Usher of the Black Rod, and the Secretary— these three being personal appointments. The 
Prelate and Chancellor are authorised to wear upon their left side a scutcheon of the arms 
of St. George ; the latter wears also a gold medal enamelled on the one side with a rose and 
on the other with a St. George, both encircled with the garter. The Registrar has a mantle 
of crimson satin with an escutcheon of St. George's arms enil)roidered on the left 
shoulder ; and on his breast he wears a red book of the Order with a device of two pens 
within the garter. The mantle of "Garter" himself is similar, and he wears a gold 
medal enamelled with the Sovereign's arms impaled with the Cross of St. George, 
surrounded with the garter, and surmounted by a crown. Like other Kings of Arms 
(for whose names and titles see page 82) he has a crown of silver gilt, figured in sixteen 
oak-leaves. Black Rod, who is the principal officer of the House of Lords, again has a 
similar mantle. His Rod is surmounted by the Lion of England, and he wears before 
his breast a gold badge composed on both sides of a knot encompassed with the garter 
and motto. He is granted for life a house on the south side within Windsor Castle, 
whilst the Prelate and Chancellor have apartments respectively in the Winchester and 
Chancellor's Towers of the same. 

The decorations of the Knights of the Order constitute a most elaborate and imposing 
array, comprising the Garter, Mantle, Surcoat, Star, Hood, Hat, Collar, George, Lesser- 
George, and Ribbon. First, the Garter itself (worn below the left knee), of dark blue 
velvet edged with gold, the motto in golden letters, and the buckle and pendant of chased 
gold (those awarded to foreign Sovereigns have been most richly gemmed, that sent to Gus- 
tavus Adolphus having the motto composed of some four hundred diamonds). Secondly 
comes the Mantle, which is of dark blue velvet lined with white taffeta (this is the mantle 
worn by Sovereigns upon state occasions, the regal distinction lying in the extra length of 
the train). Thirdly we have the Surcoat, of crimson velvet, lined like the Mantle_ and 
adorned like it upon the left breast with an eight-pointed silver-embroidered Star, within 
which is the Red Cross of St. George, the whole encircled by a miniature blue garter. 
After these come the Hood, resembling the Surcoat in colour and material, and the Hat, 
which is of black velvet and surmounted by a plume attached by diamonds and composed 
of white ostrich feathers with a central tuft of black ones from the heron. Then there is 
the Collar, which is constructed of twenty-six circular medals of gold fastened together 
by chains exactly in the manner of the circles in our title-page ; each meda,l has for its 
border a garter with its motto, and for its interior a rose, alternately white and red : 
between each medal and the next is a true-1-overs' knot, formed of gold and enamelled 
white. The twenty-six "garters" as they are termed (we here call them medals for 
clearness, as the idea of twenty-six garters round the neck might be too suggestive of 
strangulation) correspond to the number of the Order — the Sovereign and Knight 
Companions ; the entire Collar weighs exactly thirty-two ounces. f Suspended to this 
Collar over the breast is the Badge or George, an image of that saint encountering the 
Dragon ; the Lesser George, which is similar, is attached to the broad dark blue Ribbon 
of the Order, passing over the left shoulder and crossing to beneath the right arm (never 
otherwise, however sometimes pictured : we have had this certified by a note from 
Garter King of Arms in 1907). On the death of a Knight the insignia must be returned 
to St. James's Palace. Designation of the Order, the appended letters K.G. 

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle.— The Scottish Order 
of the Thistle is reputed to be of very remote origin : some have assigned it to A.D. 787, 
and it is said to have originated in the vision of a bright cross in the heavens seen 
by Achaius, King of Scots, and Hungus, King of the Picts, as they were engaged 
in prayer in the night before their battle with Athelstan, King of England. 
What element of truth there may be in this no one can now confidently state. 
What is historical is that in the year 1687 James the Seventh of Scotland and Second 
of England either established or revived the Order, creating eight Knights and assigning 
to them the royal chapel at Holyrood. Once more the Order collapsed through the 

• A new precedent was created in 1915 by the removal, at the command of H.M. as SoTcreign of the Order, of 
the banners of " enemy" knights, viz. :— those of the Emperor of Austria, German Emperor, King of Wurteraberg, 
Crown Prince of Germany, Grand Duke of Hesse, Duke of SaxeCoburgGotha, Prince Henry of Prussia, and the 

t A^mong peculiar Court usages it is noted that no Collar of any Order may be worn after sunset unless specially 
directed ; also, that any member of tlie Household must display a portion of his linen collar above the golden one ! 
There are some 35 Collar Days in the year. 

The Knightage, Companionage, &c. 69 

Revolution of the following year, but on December 31, 1703, it was again and more 
permanently established by Queen Anne. In 1827 it was decreed that its member- 
ship should comprise the Sovereign and sixteen Knights, but other personages of the 
Royal Family have since been added. Its officials are the Chancellor, the Dean, the 
Secretary, Lyon King of Arms, and the Gentleman Usher of the Green Rod. The 
decorations consist of the Badge or Jewel, the Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The 
Badge is in the form of a somewhat elongated eight-pointed star, and is charged with 
a gold enamelled figure of St. Andrew holding before him his own cross : it is worn 
either pendent to the Collar or attached to the dark green Ribbon of the Order, which 
passes over the left shoulder and across the breast. The Star, pro])erly so called, is itself 
formed in part of a St. Andrew's Cross of silver embroideiy, between the four limbs of 
I which are four starry rays, the centre being occupied by a thistle (blue flower with 
i green foliage), which is surrounded by a circle with the motto, "Nemo me impune 
lacessit " (No one provokes me with impunity) : this is worn on the left side of the 
coat or cloak. The Collar is composed of a series of golden thistles alternating with 
sprigs of rue. The Mantle (a recent addition) is of green velvet lined with taffeta. 
After death the insignia must be returned as under the preceding Order. The Chapel 
of the Order is in St. Giles's Cathedral, Edinburgh. Designation, the letters K.T. 

The Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick. — This, the leading Order of Ireland 
as the Thistle is of Scotland, was instituted by George the Third in 1783. The number of 
Knight Companions was originally fifteen, but was increased in 1833 to twenty- 
two, in addition to the Sovereign, the Lord Lieutenant (as Grand Master), and 
some members of the Royal Family. All Lords Lieutenant on retirement retain 
the insignia, but not the ea;-o/^C('o kniglithood. There was formerly a religious cere- 
mony at investiture, but this was abolished on the disestablishment of the Irish Church, 
and simultaneously the office of Prelate has lapsed, whilst the Chancellor, instead of 
being an Archbishop, is now the Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieut, of Ireland for the 
time being, and the Ulster King of Arms acts as Registrar. The other officers are the Ulster 
King of Arms, the Secretary, the Usher of the Black Rod (Ireland), and the Genealogist. 
The decorations consist of the Badge, Star, Collar, Mantle, and Ribbon. The Badge and 
Star have each of them in the centre a St. Patrick's Cross in red surmounted by a green leaf 
of shamrock, each lobe of which is charged with an Imperial Crown ; around this is a circle 
with a motto in go! d letters, ' ' Quis separabit ? " (Who shall separate us ? ) ; surrounding thi.s 
again there is in the Badge, which is of gold, a wreath of shamrocks confining the whole 
within an oval outline, whilst in the Star there are eight spreading rays of silver : these two 
ornaments are worn as under the previous Orders.^ The Collar is wholly of gold and made 
up of a series of five roses, two harps, and an Imperial Crown, alternating with eight golden 
knots, the roses being enamelled alternately white petals within red and red within white ; 
whilst the crown, which occupies the front centre, has attached to it a third and much larger 
harp forming the connecting-link between the Collar and Badge, the roses three behind and 
two in front, the crown taking in this last position the place of the centre one. The Mantle 
is of sky-blue tabinet lined with white silk. The Ribbon is sky-blue, and is worn over the 
right shoulder. Return of insignia as in preceding Orders. Designation, the letters K.P. 

The Most Honourable Order op the Bath.— The name of this, by far the largest 
of our Orders of Knighthood and the highest in honour of those to which commoners can 
hope to attain, was evidently taken fi'om an initiatory ceremony of bathing. If 
it is too much to assert that the Order itself was founded in 1399, it appears 
historically true that Henry the Fourth did, on his coronation in that year, 
confer a distinguished knightly honour upon forty-six gentlemen who under- 
o.cB. Mil. went a series of forms upon the occasion, of which ablution was a principal item ; 
indeed, we are told that in 1 127 Henry the First made Geoffrey of Anjou and five 
others ' ' Knights of the Bath " at the marriage of his daughter the Princess 
Matilda, whilst Burke tells us that the 2nd Lord Willoughby de Eresby 
"received knighthood by bathing" from Edward the Second. But it was not till 
1725 that the Order was placed upon a solid foundation ; since then it was enlarged 
in 1815, and no less than thirteen times from 1847 to 1911. We are told by 
Froissart of Henry the Fourth's Knights being presented by the King with 
"long green coats, the sleeves whereof were cut straight and furred with 
miniver, and with great hoods or chaperons furred in the same manner, and 
Ttii\. after the fashion used by prelates ; and every one of these Knights on his left 

70 Introduction. 

shoulder had a double cordon, or string of white silk, to which white tassels 
were pendent." On the evening previous to their investiture they were all 
assembled together, and each of them had his separate chamber and bath, the 
rites of the latter having to be duly performed that night. This ceremony, 
however, appears to have been observed at the creation of Knights much earlier 
still ; but we find the Order in existence later on, and habitually bestowed on 
state occasions upon such of the flower of the nobility as had received no other 
knighthood. Thus we can supplement Froissart's account by a more definite 
one as described on the investiture of a number of Knights in 1610, when Prince 
„ . Henry, son of James the First, was created Prince of Wales. Those to be 
invested were bidden to repair to Durham House in the Strand, and were conducted in 
the evening to the bathing-chamber, "where for each of them was provided a several 
bathing-tub, which was lined both within and without with white linen and covered 
with red say. Early the next morning they were awakened with music, and at their 
uprising invested in their hermit's habit." So attired and without shoes they were brought 
into the chapel, where a solemn oath was administered to them to " horiour God and main- 
tain true religion, love their Sovereign, serve their country, help maidens, widows, and 
orphans, and to the iitmost of their power cause equity and justice to be observed." 
After this they were invested in crimson robes, with white gloves, white boots, white 
crosses, and white hats with white feathers, and they then mounted on horseback, each 
Knight between two esquires, with footmen attending, and a page in front carrying the 
sword and spurs. In this array fchey rode to the Court gate, and there individually (the 
highest in rank first) entered the hall and knelt before the King, to whom the sword of 
each was handed, when he passed the belt over the neck of the Knight and placed the 
sword under the left arm ; two principal nobles then put on the spurs. All being con- 
cluded, they returned to Durham House, where a dinner was set before them which 
they were not to touch, but to leave to their esquires and pages. In the afternoon they 
returned fasting to Court and passed a long service in the King's chapel. On making 
their exit they were met by the King's cook, " who stood there with his white apron and 
sleeves, and a chopping-knife in his hand, and challenged their spurs, which were 
redeemed with a noble in money, threatening them nevertheless that if they should not 
be true and loyal to the King, it must be his office to hew them from their heels. " The 
above is culled from a paper preserved by Mr. Anstis. The last of this Order of 
Knights of the Bath are stated by Mr. Walford to have been the sixty-eight created by 
Charles the Second at his coronation. We pass to 1725, when George the First renewed 
the Order, fixing it at thirty-seven. Knights and the Sovereign. It was in 1815, however, 
that it was enlarged and modelled into an arrangement with three Classes, though only 
the highest of these comprised as yet a Civil Division, and this limited to one-sixth of the 
total of the Class (hitherto the letters K.B. forming the unvarying designation of any 
Knight of the Bath). In 1847 it was again enlarged, the Civil Division bemg extended 
to the other two Classes and increased in numbers in the first. Eventually the numbers 
were fixed as stated below, but these are exclusive of the Royal Family and of such 
distinguished foreigners as may be admitted Honorary Members of either Division 
or Class : even then much laxity obtains by the temporary use of the word 
" Additional " (and so with the Orders generally). It must also be particularly noted 
that great numbers of military men are found under the Civil Division, on account of 
their special services having been of a scientific or other non-military character, or of 
their belonging to the Auxiliary Forces, whereas actual military service (see next 
paragraph) is required for the other Division ; a few have obtained both Divisions. 

The officers are the Dean (the Dean of Westminster), the Bath King of Arms, the 
Registrar and Secretary, and the Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod. In 1913 the 
Chapel of King Henry VII. in Westminster Abbey was formally occupied by the Order. 
The Duke of Connaught was in 1901 appointed Great Master, an honour previously held 
by King Edward as Prince of Wales. As a rule, though not without frequent exceptions, 
recipients of this Order must begin with the lowest Class, or Companions, and proceed 
to Knights Commanders before they can become Grand Crosses. The Military Division 
of even the lowest rank is only conferred upon such distinction in action against the 
enemy as shall procure a special mention in despatches, or else upon meritorious service 
in the Medical, Engineer, Pay, or Indian departments ; it is never granted to any officer 
of lower grade than that of Major in the Army or Commander in the Navy— indeed 
very rarely even so low, the Distinguished Service Order being substituted. 

The decorations of the Order consist of the Badge, Star, Collar, and Ribbon. The 
Badge for the Military Division is a (genuine) Maltese Cross of gold with eight silver 

The Knightage, Coiyipanionage, <&c. 71 

enamelled balls upon the points, and within each of the four principal angles a lion ; in 
I the central circle are a rose, thistle, and shamrock issuing from a sceptre, with three 
j Albert Crowns interspersed (crowns with four arches) ; in the border is the motto, " Tria 
junctain uno" (Three joined in one), with a laurel-wreath completely surrounding it, 
! whilst in a scroll beneath are the words " Ich dien " (I serve): by the Grand Crosses 
this is worn pendent from the Collar, by the Knights Commanders from the Ribbon, and 
by Companions from the button-hole. The Badge of the Civil Division is also of gold, 
and in the centre is similar to the above but larger (decreasing however with the three 
( Classes), and it is oval and without the surrounding cross and lions. The Star is of silver, 
and for the Grand Crosses of the Military Division resembles the Badge as to the cross, 
) laurel-wreath, and mottoes, but has simply three Imperial Crowns in the central space, 
; being externally surrounded with a glory of silver flames ; for the Civil Grand Crosses 
I there is the same centre, but an eight-rayed star in lieu of flames, cross, and wreath ; 
[ for the Knights Commanders there is a silver croas-pattee round the same centre, the 
, Military Division alone taking the laurel-wreath and the scroll ; Companions have no 
I Star, but only the Badge, like that of each Division of other Classes. The Collar of the 
Grand Crosses, both Civil and Military, is of gold and weighs thirty ounces troy ; it is 
^ composed of nine Albert Cro^vns alternating with eight combinations of roses, thistles, and 
j shamrocks, the whole series being linked together by seventeen golden knots enamelled 
! white. The Ribbon is red, and worn over the right shoulder by Grand Crosses, 
but round the neck by Knights Commanders, who utilise it in place of the Collar for 
suspension of the Badge ; Companions have neither Collar nor Star, and suspend 
the Badge from the button-hole. Every G.C.B. is entitled to "supporters" in his 
coat of arms. On high state occasions the Knights wear a crimson surcoat and red 
mantle, vest and breeches of white satin, white stockings and shoes, golden spurs, and 
a high-crowned hat with a plume of white feathers. On the death of a G.C.B. the 
insignia must be returned to St. James's Palace, with the exception of the Badge and 
Star, which may be retained by relatives, as are all the decorations of the K.C.B. and 
C.B. The Chapel of the Order is Henry the Seventh's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. 
The designations with the nominal limiting numbers are as under, these numbers being 
at the present date all greatly exceeded, a special order in 1901, when the Military Division 
was increased enormously, having pronounced those in excess to be "additional," in 
virtue of a provision that the second and third Classes might be enlarged on the occur- 
rence of a war. The nominal total was raised in 1906 to 1344, and since that date the 
number has been steadily increased. 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A. B., G.C.B. ... 55 Military, 27 Civil. 

2nd ,, Knights Commanders Sir A. B., K.C.B. ... 145 ,, no ,, 

3rd ,, Companions The letters C.B. ... 705 ,, 302 ,, 

The Most Exalted Ordee op the Star of India. — The Order next in precedence 
after the Bath is of a very modern date, having been constituted by Queen Victoria in 
1861, and successively enlarged in 1866, 1875, 1876, 1897, 1903, and 1911; special 
additions (called "Additional Members") were made on Jan. i, 1909, to the 
2nd and 3rd Classes in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary (Nov. i, 1908) 
G.c.s.i. &c. of the transfer of the Government of India from the East India Company to 
the Crown. Its purpose is to reward services in and for India, and to recognise the 
loyalty of friendly native rulers and chiefs. It consists of the Sovereign, the 
Viceroy of India as Grand Master, some 290 Knights and Companions disposed 
in three Classes as below, and such extra and Honorary Members as the Sovereign may 
from time to time appoiiit : originally it had no division into Classes, and the designa- 
tion K.S.I, then represented the only title which it conferred. The officers are the 
Registrar and the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary to the Indian Govern- 
ment for the time being), and the decorations the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, and 
Mantle. The Badge has hitherto been an onyx cameo of Queen Victoria's bust set 
in an oval and surrounded with the motto " Heaven's Light our Guide;" it is sur- 
mounted by a five-rayed star wholly in diamonds, which forms the connecting-link with 
the Collar. The Star proper (first two Classes) has in its centre a smaller star like 
the preceding, with the same encircling motto, also in diamonds, and around the 
whole a glory of golden flames. The Collar is of gold, and adorned, enamelled in their 
proper colours, with an Heraldic Crown, five red-and-white roses, six lotuses, and 
ten pairs of palm branches. The Ribbon is sky-blue with a narrow white stripe towards 
each edge, and is worn by Grand Commanders over the right shoulder, crossing to the left, 
and by Knights Commanders round the neck ; Companions attach the Badge by it to the 
left breast. The Mantle is of light blue satin lined with white and adorned with blue 



and silver tassels and a representation of the Star. On the death of a member of either | 
Class the insignia must be returned to St. James's Palace. Designations and limits : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G. C.S.I. ... 44 members 

(Of whom 22 shall be Native Princes and Chiefs of India, and 22 British subjects). 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.S.I. ...100 

3rd „ Companions The letters C.S.I. ...200 „ 

la ist Class, iS each European and Indian ; ex-Viceroys additional. 

The Most Distinguished Order op St. Michael and St. George.— Though 
clearly older than the preceding and now of much wider application, this Order has 
been placed after it in dignity, because, having been originally e.stablished (in 
1818) to commemorate the placing of the Ionian Islands under the protec- 
torate of Great Britain, it was limited at first to natives of these islands 
and of Malta, and to "such other subjects of His Majesty as may hold 
high and confidential situations in the Mediterranean:" indeed, it was not made 
applicable to the Colonies generally until some years after the foundation of the ' ' Star 
of India." In 1832 its three Classes were fixed at the numbers of fifteen, twenty, 
and twenty-five respectively ; but it was enlarged successively in 1868, 1877, 1879, and 
1887, till it has come to be assignable to any person who has rendered valuable services 
in either Colonial or Foreign Afifairs. It now comprises the Sovereign, the Grand 
Master or Principal Knight Grand Cross, a number of Royal Princes, wit^ foreign 
persons of distinction (Honorary Members), and the Knights and Companions as below. 
Its ojjicers are the Prelate, Chancellor, King of Arms, Gentleman Usher of the Blue Rod, 
Secretary, and Registrar, the two latter posts being held ex officio by the Permanent 
Under Secretary of State and the Assistant Under Secretary of State for the Colonies : 
the Colonial Office is its Chancery, and it lias a Chapel in St. Paul's Cathedral. 

The decorations are the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, Mantle, and Chapeau. The Badge 
is white enamelled and resembling a Maltese Cross but with seven arms instead of four : 
on one side it represents the Archangel Michael encountering Satan, and on the other St, 
George and the Dragon ; around each of these designs is the motto " Auspicium melioris 
ffivi " (The token of a better age) ; above the whole Badge is a crown attaching it to the 
Collar. The Star of a Knight Grand Cross consists of seven rays of silver spreading 
like the Badge, and with nan'ow ones' of gold between, whilst in the centre is the 
figure of St. George with the motto, and the extremities of the four arms of a 
cross protruding from beneath, to halfway across the rays (unfortunately not clear 
in our illustration). That of Knights Commanders is smaller and of only four 
rays. The Collar is made up of crowned lions (the two in the front having wings), 
Maltese Crosses, and ciphers of the letters SM and SG, with a crown in the front 
centre slightly within the circle : all gold except the crosses, which are of white 
enamel. The Ribbon is of Saxon blue with a scarlet stripe, and is worn by the 
three Classes with the same variations as under the Bath. The Mantle and Chapeau are 
of blue satin lined with scarlet silk, the latter surmounted with white and black ostrich 
feathers. Knights Grand Cross are entitled to bear "supporters." Under this Order, 
on the death of a member the insignia may be retained by relatives. The following are 
the designations (which accord with those of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Order 
in the use of the term " Grand Cross," whilst the two Indian Orders alone substitute 
' ' Grand Commanders "). 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.M.G. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.M.G. 

3rd ,, Companions The letters C.M.G. 

The Foreign Office may designate 30 of the ist Class, 90 of the 2nd, and 180 of the 3rd. 

The Most Eminent Order op the Indian Empire.— The Order so entitled was 
instituted by Queen Victoria on January i, 1878, as commemorating her proclamation 

#in the previous year as Empress of India. It was enlarged in 1886, and again at 
the Jubilees of 1887 and 1897, and specially, hke the higher Indian Order, in 
1909, and again at the Coronation in 1911. It now consists of the Sovereign, 
ociE the Governor-General (as Grand Master), some members of the Royal 
Badge'. Family, and the usual three Classes, besides extras, whilst there exists the 
special proviso that all Councillors of the Indian Empire are life Companions ex officio. 
Till 1887 it consisted of Companions only, but the two higher Classes were then 
added. Its officers are the Secretary (who is the Foreign Secretary of the Indian 
Government for the time being) and the Registrar. The decorations are the Badge, Star, 
Collar, Ribbon, and Mantle. The Badge, which is wholly of gold, has consisted of an 

Companionage and Decorations. 73 

open red rose with Queen Victoria's effigy in the centre surrounded by the motto *'Im- 
peratricis auspiciis" ("Under the auspices of the Empress" — at first it was "Victoria 
Iraperatrix ") : above the rose is an Heraldic Crown connecting the Badge with a similar 
but larger crown in the Collar. The Star, for the First Class, has its centre like that of the 
Badge, but with the crown immediately surmounting, and is surrounded with alternate 
gold and silver rays ; for the Second Class these rays are all silver. The Collar, worn by the 
First Class only, is of gold, and is made up of the crown in front with a pair of chains 
linking together a series of elephants, peacocks, and lotus-flowers. The Ribbon is of 
imperial blue, and is worn with the same variations as under the Bath &c.. Companions 
attaching the Badge by it to the left breast. The Mantle is of purple satin lined with 
white silk and fastened with purple silk and gold tassels : on its left a representation of 
the Star. On the death of a G.C.I.E. or K.C.I.E. the insignia must be returned to 
St. James's Palace ; but those of a CLE. may be retained by relatives. Designations, 
with limits (ex-Viceroys being additional G.C.I.E.'s) : 

ist Class, Knights Grand Commanders Sir A.B., G.C.I.E. ... 32 members. 

2nd „ Knights Commanders Sir A.B., K.C.I.E. ...92 

3rd „ Companions The letters CLE. ...unlimited. 

The CLE. appointments each year are limited to zo (40 in 1903) + vacancies through promotion (not death). 

The Royal Victokian Order. — This Order, which dates only from 1896, was 
designed as a recognition of personal services to Queen Victoria, but since her 
decease it has been enormously increased in nimibers. It comprises no 
fewer than five Classes, of which the ist is to take precedence after G.C.I.E., 
the 2nd after K.C.I.E., the 3rd after Knights Bachelor, the 4th after 
CLE., and the sth after I.S.O. It will thus be observed that a C.V.O., 
G.c.v.o styled " Commander," is superior to a CB. (at first he was superior even to a 

# Knight Bachelor). Higher than all these classes there is the Victorian 
Chain, which is regularly restricted to the Royal Family and its connec- 
tions abroad, but is also held by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the 
K.c.v.o. Duke of Norfolk, the Marquesses of Lansdowne and Crewe, Earl Curzon 
of Kedleston, and Lord Hardinge of Penshurst. The numerous foreign members are 
Honorary only. It had its appointed Anniversary on June 20, the day of her late 
Majesty's accession. Its officers are the Chancellor and the Secretary, who are 
respectively the Lord Chamberlain of tlie Household and the Keeper of the Privy Purse 
for the time being. A Registrar was added bv Royal Warrant 1916. The decorations are 
the Badge, Star, Collar, Ribbon, and Mantle. The Badge, for the ist Class, is a white 
enamelled Maltese Cross, with a crimson oval in the centre containing the royal and 
imperial cipher and the name " Victoria," all in gold letters, the name being surrounded 
by a blue circle surmounted by a crown ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes it is similar but 
smaller, and for the 4th smaller still ; for the 5th it is the size of the 4th, but with the 
cross in frosted silver instead of white enamel. The Star for the ist Class is silver chipped, 
with eight points, and having a smaller reproduction of the Badge in its centre ; for the 
2nd Class it is in the form of a Maltese Cross in silver but with smaller rays, and having 
the reproduced Badge in frosted silver instead of enamel : it is not worn by the three lower 
Classes. The Collar, worn by the ist Class only, is of gold and consists of octagonal pieces 
each containing a gold roll on a blue enamelled ground, alternating with oblong frames for 
the inscription "Victoria . . . Britt. Reg. . . . Def. Fid. . . . Ind. Imp." in white 
enamel. The Ribbon is of dark blue with a narrow edging of three stripes— red, white, 
and red again; for the ist Class it is 3$ ins. broad and worn from over the right shoulder 
to below the left arm, having the Badge suspended to it ; for the 2nd and 3rd Classes 
it is I'i ins. broad and worn round the neck ; for the 4th and 5th it is i^ ins. broad and 
attached to the left breast. The Mantle is of dark blue satin, edged with red and lined 
with white silk. The insignia of a holder of this Order, except the collar, may be 
retained by relatives after his death ; but those of a lower Class must be returned to the 
Chancery of the Order upon his promotion to a higher. The numbers of all the 
Classes are unlimited, and the following are the designations : 

Kt Class, Knights Grand Cross Sir A.B., G.C.V.O. 

2nd ,, Knights Commanders Sir A.B., Z.C.V.O. 

3rd ,, Commanders The letters C.V.O, 

4th „ Members 4th Class ) The letters M.V.O. 

sth ,, Members 5th Class I 

The Royal Victorl4.n Medal is circular, of silver-gilt, silver or bronze ; it has on 
the obverse the effigy of the Sovereign, on the reverse his cypher upon an ornamental 
shield within a wreath of laurel ; it is suspended from a ribbon of the same colour as 
that of the Order. 

74 Introduction. 

The Most Excellent Order op the British Empire.— This Order, instituted 
towards the close of the third year of the Great War (1917), was primarily designed as 
a recognition of the manifold services rendered by civilians, voluntary and otherwise, 
in connection with the war. The Order ranks next to, and immediately after, the 
Royal Victorian Order, and before the Distinguished Service Order, and is open to men 
aud women alike. The Ribbon is of purple, and the badge of the Order, worn by the 
members of the ist, 2nd, and 3rd classes, takes the shape of a silver-gilt cross, 
enamelled pearl grey, in the centre of which, in a circle enamelled crimson, is a repre- 
sentation of Britannia seated. The circle contains the motto of the Order, " Fot God 
and the Empire." The star, worn by members of the first two classes, is an eight- 
pointed silver star, the centre of which bears the same device as the badge. The treat- 
ment of the badge for the 4th qlass is similar to that for tlie ist, 2nd, and 3rd classes, 
except that it is smaller and is not enamelled. In the case of the 5th class, the badge 
is of silver instead of silver gilt. The first two classes, in the case of men, carry the 
honour of Knighthood, and in the case of women, the privilege of prefixing the title 
'^ Dame " to their names. The Order is divided into five classes, as follows : — 
Men. Women. 

ist Class, Knights Grand Cross (G.B.E.) Dames Grand Cross (G.B.E.) 

2nd ,, Knights Commanders ...(K.B.E.) Dames Commanders (D.B.E.) 

3rd ,, Commanders (C.B.E.) Commanders (CB.E,) 

4th „ Officers (O.B.E.) Officers (O.B.E.) 

Sth „ Members (M.B.E.) Members (M.B.E.) 

The King has appointed the Prince of Wales to be Grand Master of he Order, and a 
King-of-Arms, Registrar, and Secretary and Gentleman Usher of the Purple Rod will 
attend to the service of the Order. The Chancery of the Order is at the Central 
Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood, "St. James's Palace. 

The Medal of the Order ov the British Empire is circular, 6f silver, having 
on the obverse a representation of Britannia within the circle and motto of the Order, 
and on the reverse the Royal and Imperitll Cypher. The medal is awarded to those 
persons, both men and women, not being members of the Oi'der, for services of special 

The Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order.— This Order, which ceased to be 
conferred in this country upon the death of William the Fourth, was instituted in 1815 
by the then Prince Regent to commemorate the establishment of Hanover as a Kingdom, 
and was formerly far more British than Hanoverian. It had its complete array of 
decorations, with the motto " Nee aspera terrent " (Nor do difficulties dismay us). The 
following are its designations with its only surviving British representatives : 

G.O.H. (Knight Grand Croae of Hanover)— H.K.H. the Duke of Cumberland. 
K.C.B. (Knight Commander of Hanover— last, Sir Woodbine Parish, who died 1881). 
K.H. (Knight of Hanover— corresponding to Companions and not entitled " Sir"). 
Baron von Pawel-Rammingen is the last of the K.H.'s in this country. 

Knights Bachelor.— In strict terms these do not constitute an " Order, though 
the phrase "the Order of Knighthood " is used as including all Knights whatsoever. We 

thave mentioned under "General Remarks" that the more ancient class of 
Knights were known simply as "Knights," or Equites Aurati ; it must be added 
that "■ Ba.c\x&\ox9."'(Mnites Bacchilarii) were at first not Knights at all, but seem 
to have stood much in the position of our modern "Companions." But by degrees, 
apparently through the greater lustre of the Knights of the Bath, these other two ranks 
came to be merged in their present compound title. It is usually held that the word 
"Bachelor" in this usage is a corruption of " bas chevalier," as implying a loioer 
rank of Knights than those who received the honour under the royal' banner ; but 
perhaps, in accordance with the statement above, it should rather be interpreted as 
" lower than the Knight proper." Mention has been made of the systematic sale of 
this and other honours by James the First, who during the second year of his reign 
created 300 Knights. In the case of this degree he even outdid his achievements in the 
sale of Baronetcies, till we are told that a satirical placard was affixed to the door of 
St. Paul's Cathedral offering to teach a new art of memory to enable people to bear in 
mind the names of the newly-created title-bearers ; indeed, the King himself became so 
humiliated by his own doings that upon one occasion when the new Knight showed 
embarrassment at his own lack of prestige, James exclaimed, "Hold up your head, 
man, and spare your blushes ; I have more cause to be ashamed than you have. A 
rather back-handed piece of consolation surely ! 

A few centuries earlier the Knight, like the Baron, was a part of the feudal systena, 
and the possession of a Knight's fee (a stated piece of land worth a bout £20 m the 13th 

Decorations. 75_ 

century) gave not only a claim to but an enforcement of the title. Still, though ^^ might 
be a burden it waB an honour usually sought with avidity. But when under the Stuarts 
the honour was degraded as above, whilst the ancient requirement to provide troops for the 
King was maintained, the Knights-designate were often glad to second their tenants in the 
effort to obtain excuse from tiie promotion, submitting in its stead, the one to pay large 
sums of indemnity and the others to submit to special levies of taxation. In the treaty 
at Newport between Charles the First and his Parliament it was agreed that the King 
should receive in place of the knightly service a tax of ^100,000 a year upon the relieved 
lands ; and by the 12th of Charles the Second an excise on beer and other drinks was 
substituted and the service wholly abolished— the populace gladly accepting this burden 
in place of some sixty days per year for which they had hitherto been obliged to go with 
the troops. In 1904 the fees on the letters patent {£so) and on the warrant for the 
same (;^io) were wholly abolished.* 

The designation of a Knight Bachelor is the simple prefix Sir ; it is permissible to add 
" Knight " or " Kt.," but this is not usual except in formal style, and in any case K.B. 
should not be used, those letters (see page 70) being the old style for "Knight of the 
Bath." There is no decoration attached, and no limit to the numbers, also no officers, 
it not forming a.n Order. In 1908 a voluntary association was formed under the title 
of the Society of Knights Bachelor, which was changed by Royal permission in 1912 
to that of the "Imperial Society of Knights"; its primary object is to obtain the 
uniform registration of every created Knight. Sir Henry Pellatt, C. v^.O., is the 
President, Sir William Ball the Hon. Registrar, and Clifford's Inn, E.G. was acquired 
in 1910 as the Headquarters of the Society and a permanent habitation for members 
of the degree. The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland can create Knights Bachelor. 

Ordek of Meeit.— King Edward in June 1902 instituted this Order, which at 
present occupies a very anomalous position, conferring no precedence, and yet authorising 
the holders to place its designating initials next after those denoting member- 
ship of the Order of the Bath (from G.C.B. to C.B.). It is designed as a 
special distinction for men eminent in any department whatever— war, science, 
literature, or art— without in itself conferring a knighthood, though it happens 
that of the twelve originally appointed, all but one were either a Peer, Knight, 
or Privy Councillor. The Order is limited in numbers to 24, Avith the addition 
of foreign Honorary Members, and its only Officer is the Secretary and Regis- 
trar, who is the Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Department for the 
time being. The Badge is a species of cross of red and blue enamel, and its 
inner portion bears the words "For Merit" in gold letters within a laurel 
wreath, the reverse containing the royal and imperial cipher : in the cases of 
o M Civ. naval and military men two silver swords with gilt hilts are added, as shown 
in the cut. The whole is attached to an enamelled Heraldic Crown suspended by a broad 
ribbon of Garter-blue and crimson, and worn from the neck. The Secretary's badge has 
the substitution of two silver pens in the place of the swords. After death of a member 
the insignia may be retained by relatives. The Order has an anniversary day fixed for 
June 26 (that intended for the Coronation of King Edward). Its designation is the 
letters O.SE. 

Order of the Companions of Honour.— (C.H.) This is the second Order created 
especially in connection with the war to which women are eligible equally with men. 
The Order, as in the case of the Order of Merit, carries with it no title or pTecedence, 
and np to the present no definite statement lias been made as to the correct position m 
which the distinctive letters should be placed. The Order is conferred upon a limited 
number of persons, for whom this special distinction seems to be the most appropriate 
form of recognition, the first list comprising 17 names. _ 

The Distinguished Service Order.— (D.S.O ) In this also and some following Orders 
we may be said to have Knighthood without Knights, the members bemgCompanionsonly. 
The present Order ranks immediately after the 4th Class of the Royal Victorian. 
The Order under notice was instituted by Queen Victoria in 1886, its purpose 
being the recognition of special services of commissioned officers m the Army 
and Navy. The Sovereign is at its head and its numbers are unlimited. Its 
Badae is a gold cross enamelled white, one side bearing an Heraldic Crown sur- 
rounded by a wreath of laurels (enamelled green upon a red enamelled ground) ; on 
the reverse side there is now the cipher OR v within a similar wreath : this is worn 
attached to the left breast by a red ribbon edged blue. A Bar is awarded for any 

* We may note the de?radation of Roger Casement, by Letters Patent 1916, from his honours ns a Kt. Bachelor 
and C.XI.G. This is an exccedinslv rare form of punishment, the latest aualoaous ease being, it is stated, that ol 
Sir Francis Michell or Jlltchellm i6zi. 

76 Introduction. 

additional act of service. The Assist. Sec. at the War Office acts as Kegistar and 
Secretary of the Order. 

Imperial Service Order.— (I.S.O.) King Edward, at his Coronation in August 1902 
instituted this Order, which was enlarged by Royal Warrant in 1912. It is restricted to 
members of the administrative or clerical (clerk) brandies of the Civil Service, 
and consists of the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, and Companions (not 
exclusively male) to a number not exceeding 700, of whom 250 may belong to 
the Home Services, 200 to the Indian (100 European and 100 Native) and 250 
to the services of Dominions, Colonies and Protectorates. Those of the first class 
must, a* a rule, have rendered 25 years of .meritorious service (Europeans in India 
20, while 16 years of service in specially unhealthy climates may be held to suffice in 
the last class) ; but tliese rules are to be somewhat elastic, and even subject to alteration. 
Its officer, appointed by the Sovereign, is styled Secretary and Registrar. The Badge 
is a medallion to be worn on the left breast, bearing on one side the royal cipher, and 
on the other the woi-ds, "For Faithful Service," the lettering being in dark blue 
enamel upon a shield of gold surrounded by a seven-pointed star of silver and sur- 
mounted by a crown : the ribbon i\ ins. broad with a stripe of blue between two of 
crimson ; for women a silver laurel wreath takes the place of the star in the medallion and 
the ribbon is fashioned into a bow and worn on left shoulder. (The minor honour of the 
Imperial Service Medal, like the above, but of silver, is designed for award on retire- 
ment after similar length of meritorious service to Civil Servants ineligible for the 
Order.) By a Warrant issued December 11, 1906, this Order confers precedence next 
after the preceding, but all those that follow are honours only and give no rank. 

The Royal Order of Victoria and ALBERT(for Ladies).— (V.A.) Instituted in 1862, and 
enlarged in 1864, 1865, and 1880, but no fresh conferments are now made. It comprises 
Their Majesties Queen Alexandra and Mary and four Classes, of which the First consists 
of Princesses of the Royal Family with some foreign Queens, the Second of Royal ladies 
less near to our Royal Family, and the Third and Fourth of ladies of the British nobility. 
Badge, in the first three Classes a medallion of Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, 
differing in the width and j6welling of the border as the Classes descend, whilst the 
fourth substitutes a jewelled cipher. All four are surmounted by some form of a crown, 
which is attached to a bow of white moire ribbon. 

The Imperial Order op the Crown of India (for Ladies). — (C.I.) Instituted Jan. i, 
1878, and for a like purpose with the simultaneously created Order of the Indian Empire. 
It consists of the Queen and Queen Mother with some Royal Princesses, and the female 
relatives of Indian Princes or of persons who have held conspicuous offices in connection 
with India. Badge, the royal cipher in jewels within an oval, surmounted by an 
Heraldic Crown and attached to a bow of light blue watered ribbon, edged white. 
The Order of St. John of Jerusalem.— The Order had its origin in Jerusalem 
and Acre, as an international lay confraternity for the relief of crusaders, and was 
later sovereign in Rhodes and in Malta, where its Knights kept galleys and 
galleons, to attack the Barbary Corsairs and to prevent the spread of Turkish 
rule in the Mediterranean, from 1530 till 1798. Like other ancient Orders of 
Chivalry, the Order of St. John had also Priories and Commanderies in the 
different countries of Europe, those in England and Scotland being dissolved at the 
same time as the monasteries. The Order was expelled from Malta by Napoleon in 
1798, when the majority of its Knights, being of French origin, returned to France, 
while the; Italian Knights settled in Rome, where there is now a Grand Master, with 
various Commanderies in Italy and Priories in Silesia and Bohemia, as well as 
Associations of Knights elsewhere. 

After the loss of Malta, the Ordinary Council of the Order, representing the majority 
of the then existing Knights, by Deed executed at Paris in 1827, assisted in the re- 
constitution of what is now the Grand Priory of the Order of the Hospital of St. John 
of Jerusalem in England, whose Chancery is at the Gatehouse in Clerkenwell, that 
still remains of the ancient Priory of St. John. A Royal Charter was granted to this 
reconstituted British Order in 1888 by Queen Victoria, with a constitution somewhat 
Uke that of the existing BaiHwick of Brandenburg (Johanniter-Orden) in Germany : 
and the first Grand Priors thereafter were Kings Edward VII. and George V., while 
Princes of Wales. The work of the British Order is the control of the St. John's 
Ambulance Association and Brigade, and of tlie British Ophthalmic Hospital at 
Jerusalem. Its Badge is a Maltese cross of white enamel, with a lion and a unicorn in 
alternate angles, of gold or silver according to grade, with a black watered ribbon ; 
medals are conferred for acts of gallantry on land involving risk of life. King George V. 
is the Sovereign Head and Patron of the British Order, H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught 

Decorations. 7 7 

is its Grand Prior, and Colonel Sir Herbert Perrott, Bart., C.B., its Secretary-General, 
with a Chapter of some 350 Knights of two degrees, the senior being "Knights of 
Justice," the junior "Knights of Grace." There are also "Ladies of Justice," "Ladies of 
Grace," and Esquires. A notitication of these distinctions having been conferred appears 
in the London Gazette, but they do not confer any rank, style, title, or precedence. 

MiLiTAKY Knights of Windsor.— A small number of military officers, who have 
performed meritorious services but are not in a position suitably to maintain them- 
selves, are granted a pension ranging from £^0 to ;^i30 a year, together with apart- 
ments at Windsor Castle, from which they obtain the above designation, which, 
however, confers no more of a title than does a suite at Hampton Court upon a lady. 
Up till 1892 there was included the Order of Naval Knights of Windsor (begun 1797 under 
the will of S. Travers, Esq. ), but these are now separated as the Travers Pension, which 
amounts to £7^ a year. The Order of Knights of Windsor has existed from 1349, 
having at first been composed of 26 veterans of Edward the Third. They thus 
constituted " The Poor Knights of the Order of the Garter " as it then was, and they 
continue to this day to be connected with it by various links. They are appointed by 
the Sovereign in his capacity as head of that Order. Till 1906 they formed part of ah 
ecclesiastical college under its Eegistrar, the Dean of Windsor, but the control is now 
transferred to the Governor and Deputy-Governor of the Castle, whilst the Governor of 
the Order is now a superior officer, not one of the Knights. Their pay comes from the 
revenues of that college, and they wear its badge, whilst every K.G. has upon appoint- 
ment to contribute a sum of money for apportionment among them. Their uniform is that 
of the earlier part of last century, and was assigned them by William the Fourth, who 
prefixed the word " Military " to their title. Under Charles the First the numbers 
were fixed at thirteen for the Royal Foundation and five for the Lower. Queen 
Elizabeth drew up the present code, under which members must reside at their 
quarters for nine months of the year, and must attend St. George's Chapel on 
Saints' Days, besides acting occasionally as guards of honour. Queen Victoria in 1870 
confirmed the previous statutes respecting them. 

The Victoria Cross (_?0C) was instituted in 1856, on the close of the Crimean War, 
as a recognition of consjncuous acts of bravery in presence of the enemy displayed by 
either soldiers or sailors. It was designed primarily for the rank and file and 
non-commissioned officers, but it is held also by all grades up to Field-Marshals 
and Admirals of the Fleet, and was extended to civilians who had borne arms 
against the Indian mutineers. In 191 1, the Decoration was extended to 
Native officers and men of the Indian Army. Conjoined with the decoration is the 
conferment, upon non-commissioned officers and men, of a pension of ^10 per annum 
and an additional _^5 for each Bar, as immediately to be exi^lained ; and what is still 
more, this ^^lo may be increased to ^^50 (at the option of the Secretary for War or 
First Lord of the Admiralty) in any cases where the recipients are unable to maintain 
themselves. Pensions in rupees are appiointed for the Native ranks of the Indian Army, 
which, on the death of a recipient, are continued to his widow until her death or 
re-marriage. The Badge consists in a cross-pattee of bronze, having in the centre 
an Imperial Crown, with a lion above it, and a scroll below bearing the words 
"For Valour." Any additional act of bravery is noted by a Bar being affixed to the 
ribbon from which the cross hangs, it being suspended to the left breast, whilst the 
ribbon is red for the Army and blue for the Navy. The cross is usually styled 
" Maltese," but this cannot be strictly correct, for its four arms are not cleft at the ends 
as they are in the decorations of the Bath, St. Michael and St. George, and the Royal 
Victorian ; crosses-pattee on the contrary, though very varied in form, are never cloven 
at the ends. Though instituted in 1856, some of the original recipients are registered 
as from 1854, the date being always that of the act by which the honour was earned. 

The Military Cross (M.C), instituted 1915, consists of a Cross of Silver having on 
each arm the Imperial Crown, and bearing in the centre the Eoyal and Imperial Cipher. 
It is worn immediately after the Victoria Cross, and is awarded to Captains (including 
acting or temp. Major), Lieutenants and Warrant Officers in the Army and Indian and 
Colonial Forces. A Bar is awarded for any additional act of bravery. 

The Military Medal, instituted 1916, is awarded to non-commissioned officers and 
men, and may, in exceptional circumstances, be awarded also to women, including 
foreign persons. 

The Distinguished Service Cross (D.S.C), instituted by King George in 1914 in 
substitution for the Conspicuous Service Cross instituted by King Edward in 1901, is 
also a decoration in reward of "distinguished service before the enemy," and is designed 
for bestowal on all officers below the rank of Lieutenant-Commander. It consists of a 

y 8 Introduction. 

silver cross with the reverse side plain, but on the obverse the cipher GRI surmounted 
by an Imperial Crown. 

The Distinguished Conduct Medal, which was very extensively awarded after the 
South African War, is a decoration, designed for warrant and non-commissioned officers 
and men. Just above it in the Navy is the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. 

The Distinguished Service Medal, established 1914, is designated for chief petty 
officers, petty officers, men, and boys of all branches of the R.N. ; for non-commissioned 
officers and men of the R.M.A., and for all other persons holding corresponding 
positions in His Majesty's Service afloat for distinguished conduct in war. 

The Naval General Service Medal, instituted in 1915, is awarded to officers and 
men of the R.N. for minor naval warlike operations when no other medal would be 

The Albert Medal dates from 1866, with extensions in 1867 and 1877, and is a 
recognition of acts of gallantry performed by any person whatever. Its recipients are 
ranged in two Divisions, the one receiving a Badge inscribed "For Gallantry in Saving 
Life at Sea," the other with the closing words varied to "on Land." Each Division has 
now two Glasses, the Badge of the one, distinguished as the " Albert Medal in Gold," 
having a golden centre with a bronze garter around it, that of the other being wholly 
in bronze ; both are oval, and contain an Albert Crown and the cipher VA, to which 
in the Sea Division an anchor is added. The suspending ribbon in this Division is of 
dark blue, with four white stripes in the First Class and two in the Second ; in the 
Land Division it is crimson with similar white stripes. An added Bar records an 
additional act of gallantry. — Another "Albert Medal," not to be confused with this, 
is given by the Society of Arts. 

The Edward Medal, also established in 1907, is a recognition of heroic acts performed 
by miners and quarrymen, or of others who have endangered their lives in rescuing 
those so emjiloyed. It has King Edward's effigy on one side, and on the other a design 
representing the rescue of a miner, with the inscription "For Courage." For the 
First Class it is of silver, styled the " Edward Medal in Silver," for the Second of 
bronze ; the ribbon of dark blue with a yellow stripe on each side. It may be awarded 
to a woman. Next in precedence is the Board of Trade Medal for saving life. 

The Volunteer Officers' Decoration (V.D.) was an honour for rewarding the 
meritorious services of officers of the force in question, who must have been in com- 
mission and have served twenty years, though a provision was made allowing half the 
time spent in other military service to be counted in making up this term. Dishonour- 
able conduct is to entail the erasure of the name and a publication of the fact in the 
Gazette. The Badge is an oak wreath in silver with the cipher ER and an Heraldic 
Crown in the centre ; it is suspended to the left breast by a green ribbon attached to a 
silver oak bar-brooch. There is also the Volunteer Long Service Medal, which was 
granted to Volunteers who had served in any rank for sixteen years up to March 31, 1908. 

The Territorial Decoration (T.D.), established in 1908, consists of a silver oak- 
wreath tied with gold and having the Royal Ciplier and Crown in the centre, the whole 
suspended on the left breast from a silver oak bar-brooch by a green ribbon with a 
yellow stripe. It is restricted to commissioned officers of twenty years' good service 
in the Territorial Force, and not holders of the Volunteer Decoration. Similarly, a 
Territorial Long Service Medal (oval in shape) has been substituted for that formerly 
awarded to Volunteers. 

The Kaisar-i-Hind Medal (for either sex) was founded 1900, and is a reward for 
any person whatever who shall have rendered useful service in or for India : the Fii-st 
Class under sign manual from the Sovereign on recommendation by the Secretary of 
State for India ; the Second as the grant of the Governor-Genei-al. The medal is an 
oval-shaped badge — in gold for the First Class and Silver for the Second — \vith the 
Royal cipher on one side, and on the reverse side the words "Kaisar-i-Hind — for 
Public Service in India." It is worn on the left breast, hung by a dark-blue ribbon. 
Attached bars may be added for additional services. 

The Indian Order of Merit was instituted in 1837 as a reward for personal bravery 
to native Indian officers and men. 

The Indian Distinguished Service Medal was established in 1907 as a reward for 
commissioned or non-commissioned officers of any forces employed in India. It is a silver 
medal with the King's effigy on one side and on the obverse a laurel wreath with the 
words ' ' For Distinguished Service. " It is to be worn on the left breast by a red ribbon 
edged with blue. It may be conferred also by the Viceroy of India. 

The Order of Mercy (both sexes) was established in 1899 (now with the King as 
its Sovereign), in connection with the League of Mercy, an institution also founded in 

Native Eastern Names and Titles. 79 

1899 by Royal Charter to promote the welfare of Hospitals by obtaining small sub- 
scriptions for King Edward's Hospital Fund for London, &c. The Order, which has 
been awarded to a number of officers and members of the League, is conferred by the 
King as a reward for personal services only, which must have been gratuitously ren- 
dered in connection with the relief of sickness, suffering, poverty, or distress. 
It consists of a red cross surmounted by the Prince of Wales's feathers, and having 
in the centre a group of figures representing "Charity," by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 
The Hon. Secretaries are Lord Wolverton, Sir William J. Collins, M.D., M.P., 
and Sir James Harrison, M.V.O. ; and the Treasurer is Sir Henry Burdett, K.C.B. ; 
Mr. E. W. Wallington, C.V.O., is Hon. Registrar of the Order," and the Secretary 
is Col. F. J. Kempster, D.S.O. 

The Royal Red Cross (R.R.C. — for Ladies), founded 1883, and enlarged by Roy. 
Warrant 1915, when it was divided into two classes, is a distinction conferred upon ladies 
of any rank, even foreigners, who may be brought to the Sovereign's notice for acts of 
mercy in attending to the sick or wounded in time of war. It has the Queen and several 
Royal Princesses at its head. Badge, a cross-patt^e enamelled crimson which has 
hitherto borne Queen Victoria's effigy in the centre on one side, on the reverse the 
cipher VRI, and on the four arms respectively the words "Faith," "Hope," "Charity," 
" 1883. " The ribbon is dark blue edged red, tied in a bow and worn on the left shoulder. 

In 1909 a Medal was instituted to reward good service by men of the police force and 
fire brigades, and in 1910 the King approved the grant of a decoration and medal for 
officers and men of the Royal Naval Reserve and the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve 
as a reward for good and long service (R.D.). 


The large number of native Indian Knights which our work comprises renders it 
desira,ble that some explanation of their titles as well as of their names should be 
supplied to English readers. For that which we here present, as also for a considerable 
amount of rearrangement in the Dieectoet, we are indebted in the first place to 
Messrs. James and Horace Wilson, of Sheffield, but formerly of Calcutta. Their 
generous help was supplemented and much extended by the late Maj.-Gen. Sir Owen T. 
Burne, G.C.I.E. ; and for the very numerous additions introduced in 1910 we are 
indebted to Sir Roper Lethbridge's admirable compilation ' The Golden Book of India,' 
as also to a valued communication from Mr. J. L. Fendall, of Pinhoe, Exeter. 

Taking up the mimes first, the chief perplexity lies in their variety of systems, or 
rather sometimes their want of system. To a very large extent we find what 
correspond exactly to our own repertory of Christian names, but these are far 
more widely chosen than with ourselves, so that not unf requently the first of his names, 
be it "Christian" or not, is the one under which a man must be entered, and in view 
of the perplexity thus introduced we have now determined to make that our regular 
rule. " In Bengal," says Mr. Wilson, " a Hindu generally has three names, just as the 
old Roman had his prcenomen, nomen, and cognomen. The first would be the personal 
name (' Christian' name), the second a descriptive or caste name, the third a family name." 
Thus the order would differ from the Roman, in which, for instance, " Marcus Tullius 
Cicero " has the family name in the second place. Others have but two names, and many of 
the Marwaris only one, as Dedraj or Mulchand. The Mohammedans are very irregular, 
" some seeming to have no family name at aU, as Khuda Bukhsh = ' the gift of God ' " 
(Khuda being God), with which we may contrast the lengthy "Abdul Fayal Muhammad 
Abdur Rahman." We have just heard in confirmation from the Nawab of Rampur 
"In fa,ct we have no proper surnames." It may be added that both Sir Roper 
Lethbridge and (as a rule) ' Debrett ' follow the plan to which we ourselves now resort 
—that of entering an Indian Knight or Companion under his first name except where 
he is known by a local title of honour. 

Turning to the titles, we are speedily staggered by their multiplicity. Here again we 
find a difference of nomenclature between the titles of Hindus and those of Moham- 
medans, the highest in rank with the former being INIaharaja and with the latter Nawab, 
wth the exception of the one still higher potentate termed the Nizam. Maharaja, 
Raja, and Nawab correspond with English Peers, and the lower titles with our Knights, 
but of these latter the relative rank sometimes varies in different parts (Rai Bahadur 
and Khan Bahadur may, however, be taken as equivalent to Knights Bachelor). Hindu 
titles are of Sanscrit origin, and Mohammedan usually of Persian, but there are also 
Burmese, Afghan, Baluch, Thibetan, Arakanese, and Somali titles, indeed some fifty 

go Introduction. 

languages or dialects. Some titles are hereditary and represent ruling chiefs or those 
nominally such (and of these there are no less than some 620, whilst of the titles them- 
selves some 200 are known) ; others are personal honours conferred on individuals by 
our Indian Government, and even then sometimes made hereditary. Yet again, there 
are numerous complimentary titles, or specifications of office, expressed in Hindu 
phrases, of which we have occasionally supplied the interpi-etations. It must be added 
that though caste is often figuring in the names it has nothing whatever to do with the 
titles. Amir, Khan, Mir, Sultan, Sri, &c., are confusingly used as both titles and names. 
The order of rank is thus given by Sir R. Lethbridge : 
jHmc^M— Maharaja Bahadur, Maharaja, Raja Bahadur, Raja, Rai Bahadur, Rai 

Saheb, Rai. 
Mohammedan — Nizam, Nawab Bahadur, Nawab, Khan Bahadur, Khan Saheb, Khan. 
4 /sHj--a corruption of the English " officer." , .„ ,.,, 

Ahluwalia-—n?L-m(i of a princely family resident at the village of Ahlu, near Lahore. 
^itA««d3ada— son of a head officer. AHjah (Sindhi)— of exaltedrank. .-li/^aya— SeaKing(Laccadive8). 
Amir (corruptly Jimir)—a, Mohammedan Chief; often also a personal name. ylsa/— a Minister. 

Baba—]it. " father ; " a respectful " Mr. ; " Irish " Your Honour." 

Babu— strictly a 5th or still younger son of a Eaja, but often used of any son younger than the heir, 
whilst it has also grown into a term of address = Esquire. There are, however, one or two 
Eajas whose sons are known respectively as— ist, Kunwar ; and, Diwan; 3rd, Thakur; 
4th, Lai ; 5th, Babu. 
Bahadur— lit. "brave" or "wanior:" a title used by both Hindus and Mohammedans, often 
bestowed by Government ; added to other titles it increases their honour, but alone it 
designates an inferior ruler. Bakhshi—a. revenue officer or magistrate. 

Begum or Begam—fhe feminine of " Nawab," combined in Bhopal as " Nawab Begum." 
j?gj,a,._apparently a large land-owner. Bhonsle— of a Mahratta dynasty. 

Bhup— title of the ruler of Cooch Behar. ^w^'i'!— name of a Baluch tribe. 

Chhatrapati— one of sufficient dignity to have an irmbrella carried over him. 
Dada—lit. "grandfather" (paternal); any venerable person. 
Z)a!i?a and J>((«to— State ; also one in office. _ 

Deb— a. Brahminical priestly title ; taken from the name of a divimty. 
OAira/— "Lord of the Lands : " added to " Eaja " &c. it means " paramount." 

Diyjan a Vizier or other First Minister to a native Prince, either Hindu or Mohammedan, and equal 

in rank with " Sardar," under which see other equivalents. The teim is also used of a 
Council of State. , . „ „ 

Elaiia i?«/a-title given to the heir of the Maharaja of Travancore. 
TTarzffmZ (with delining words added)-" favourite'' or ''belo\-ed." 

Fateh—" victovj." F"-th /an.i/—" Victorious m Battle (a title of the Nizam) . 

Gaekwar (sometimes Gu.icowar)— title with " Maharaja " added, of the ruler of Baroda. It was once 
a caste name and means " cowherd," i.e., the protector of the sacred animal ; but later on, 
in common with " Holkar" and " Sindhia," it came to be a dynastic appellation and con- 
sequently regarded as a title. Thus, a Prince becomes "Gaekwar" on succeeding to the 
estate of Baroda ; " Holkar," to that of Indore ; and " Sindhia," to that of Gwalior. 
//(iftV—o-uardian. Haji— one who has made pilgrimage to Mecca. Hiera Lai—" diamond ruby." 
HoU-ar—'^ee " Gaekwar." Jah—a, term denoting dignity. Jam (Sindhi or Baluch)— Chief. 

A'as'i (better written G«^0 -a Mohanimedan magistrate. .i, v • .=■ 

^Aa//— orio-inally the ruler of a small Mohammedan State, now a nearly empty title though prized. 

Itls very frequently used as a name, especially by Afghans and Pathans. 
Khu-aja-n Persian word for ' ' master," sometimes a name. Kunwar or A'wmtu-- the heir of a Raja. 
Lal—a. younger son of a lUja (strictly a 4th son, but see under "Babu '*). ^ ^ ^. 

Lok^irlra ovLokiyidra—" Protector of the World," title of the Chiefs of Dholpur and Dattia. 
Mahant-a. feudal title borne by the heads of a Hindu religious body. , ^ . ^. ^. 

Maharaja— the highest of hereditary rulers among the Hmdus, or else a personal distinction con- 
ferred by^'Govemment. It has several variations as under " Raja," with the addition of 
Maharaj Bona; its feminine is Makaraiu (maha = great). 31aUk—ma.iitei\ proprietor. 

Jifian- title of the son of a Rajput Nawab, resembling the Scottish " Master." 
Mir— a. leader, an inferior title which, like " Khan," has grown into a name. It is especiaUy used by 

descendants of the Chiefs of Sind. , , << t, • 

3/i>2a-if prefixed, " Mr." or " Esquire ; "if appended, ' Pnnce. 

Monq Jloano, or Ifaung (Arakanese)-leader. Moulvi or 3/rt«/j;!— a learned man or teacher. 

MuAaliuar or Mudeliar—a, personal proper name, but implying " steward of the lands. 
Mumlaz-ud^Daida-di^tingnislxed in the State {-Mnlk, in the coiMitiT). 

#««sAi—pi-esident, or presiding official. Myowtm—Mr. , , ■,. ^.^i . 

xVawai-originaUy a Viceroy under the Mogul Government, now the regular leadmg title of a 

Mohammedan Prince, corresponding to " Maharaja " of the Hindus. 
A^azim— a ruler (not to be confused with follmving). , t, ■ ■ ^ -vt v 

jVi-am— the title of the ruler of Hyderabad, the one Mohammedan Prmce superior to Nawab. 
Nona (Thibetan)-the ruler of Spitta. Pandit or I'undit-a, learned man. Peshkar—m&nageT or agent. 
Pri«c<-term used in English courtesy for " Shahzada," but specially conferred in the case of 
"PrinceofArcot" (called also" Armin-i-Arc9t"). . „ ^, . . . . „ . 

Raia-a. Hindu Prince of exalted rank, but mferior to "Maharaja." The fe m i n i n e xs Ranu. 
(Princess or Queen), and it has the varia tions Saj, Bang, Bao, Rai, Jiawal, Bawat, Raikwar, 

leers of Arms. 8i 

Baikbar, and Uaikat. Tlie form Eai is common in Bengal, Eao in S. & W. India. 

Raj Rajeshwar — King of Kings. ii'/^rr/i^o)'— commander of a troop of horses. 

Saheb-^fke native Hindu term used to or of a European ("Mr. Smith" would be mentioned as 
" Smith Saheb," and his wife " Smith Mem-Saheb," but in 3rfd;-essm,9 it would be " Saheb," : 
fern. " Saheba," without the name) ; occasionally appended to a title in the same way as 
" Bahadur," but inferior ( = master). The unusual combination " Nawab Saheb " implies a 
mixed population of Hindus and Mohammedans. 

Sahihzada — son of a person of consequence. 

Said, Sayid, Saiyid, Sidi, Syed, Syud — various forms for a title adopted by those who claim direct 
male descent from Mohammed's grandson Husain. 

Sardar (corrupted to Sirdar) — a leading Government official, either civil or military, even a Grand | 
Vizier. Nearly all the Punjab Barons bear this title. It and " Diwan " arealike in value 
and used by both Hindus and Mohammedans. So, but Mohammedan only, are "Wali," 
" Sultan." "Amir," " Mir," " Mirza," " Mian," and " Khan." 

Sawai-^a. Hindu title implying a slight distinction (lit. one-fourth better than others). 

-Sawhwa (Burmese) — a Chief. Shahzada — son of a King. Shaikh or Sheikh (Arabic) — a Chief. 

iS'Aams-u^-f/'/a-wa — a Mohammedan title denoting " learned." 

Skamshir Jang — " Swoid of Battle" (a title of the Maharaja of Travancore). | 

Sidi — a variation of " Said." Si/idkia—see under " Gaekwar." ' 

Sri or Shri— lit. fortune, beauty : a Sanscrit term used by Hindus in speaking of a person much 
respected (never addressed tohha ; nearly = "Esquire") ; used also of divinities. The two forms 
of .spelling are occasioned by the intermediate soimd of the « (that of s in the German Stadt). 

Subada r—Go\einoi- of a province. Sultan — like " Sardar." Syed, Syud — mere variations of " Said." 

Talukdar—an Oudh landlord. Talptcr— the name of a dynasty in Sind. 

Thakur—a, Hindu term equivalent to " Bahadur," whether as affix or alone. 

. Tumandar—a. Persian word denoting some office. Umara -term impljiner the Nobles collectively . 

Wali—\i\e " Sardar." The Governor of Khelat is so termed, whilst the Chiefs of Cabul are botli 
" "Wali " and " Mir." 

Zemindar or Zamindar — a landovraer ; orig. a Mohammedan collector of revenue. 

Those of the followmg marked* were kindly supplied us by the late Earl of Croms' . 
Rpy—a, Turkish Governor, rather lower than a Pasha. 
Dey — formerly the title of the Governors of Algiers, Tripoli, and Tunis. 
vEm;)-— like " Amir" of i^revious list. ^Ferik—a, Vice- Admiral. 

*Ghahj — a word meaning " costly," but it is a proper name in, " Boutros Ghaly Pasha." 
*Kaid — used in Barbary of a high military or civil official ; in Tunis, a Governor of a province, 
A'Aerfuw— formerly the hereditary Viceroy of Egjipt. 

*Mudir — a Governor of a province, or sometimes a director of a State Administration. 
Pasha— the Governor of a Turkish province, or some other superior official in the Empire. 
* Taver — an A.D.C., but it is a proper name in " Mustapha Yaver Pasha." 


The English College of Arms, or the Heralds' College, is a corporate body originally ; 
established by Richard the Third. Its officers are api^ointed on the nomination of thn 
Earl Marshal, whose office is hereditary in the line of the Duke of Norfolk ; their only 
remunei'ation, beyond a nominal one, consists in the fees which they receive frou^ 
private practice, though one Herald and one Pursuivant are regularly in attendance 
at the office. The Officers of Arms of Scotland and Ireland, on the contrary, are now 
immediately under Government instead of forming corporations ; they are in no degree' 
connected with either the Earl Marshal or Garter. The duty of the various Officers i-. 
to attend to all matters of pedigrees, honours, and precedence ; and to arrange all state 
ceremonies in their respective countries. The rank of the three English Kings remains 
invariably in the order given below, but that of the Heralds and Pursuivants changes 
with personal seniority. 

The three grades of Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants are all attired officially in thi; 
tabard or sleeveless coat— that of the Kings being of embroidered silk velvet, that of 
the Heralds satin, and of the Pursuivants figured silk damask. The Kings of Arms ai o 
further distinguished by crowns of silver gilt figured with sixteen oak -leaves, and thev- 
wear gold collars of SS., which perhaps means " Spiritus Sanctus," but this, one of tin- 
Kings tells us, is "hotly controverted " (the term occui-s in Shakespeare's ' Henry VIII.. ' 
Act iv., Scene i.) ; they are assigned official arms to impale with theirown (for Garter sio 
further under that Order). The Heralds have siiuiiat- collars, but of silver ; their designa- 
tion is solely in connection with "herpJdry," the trumpeters attending them upon stau- 
ceremonies whenever the more ordinary function of a " heraJd " has to l^e performed. 



List of Kings of Arms. 
(For names see below.) 

Garter — Principal King for England. 
Norroy~ior England North of the Trent. 
College of Akms, Queen Victoria St., E.G. 

Earl Marshal. 
His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, K.G. 

Kings of Arms. 
Garter—Qxi Alfred Scott Scott-Gatty, K.C.V.O., 

Olarfnceux — William HemyWeldon, Esq.,C.V.O., 

Norroy — Henry Farnham Burke, Esq., C.V.O., 
C.B., F.S.A. 

Lancaster — Edward Bellasis, Esq. 
Richiriond—ChsLS. Harold Athill, Esq., M.V.O., 

Windsor— Wm. Alex. Lindsay, Esq.. K.G., M.A., 

York — Gordon Ambrose de Lisle Lee, Esq. 
Somerset — Everard Green. Esq., F.S.A. 
Chester — Arthur "Wm. Steuart Cochrane, Esq., 

Rouge Croix— Archibald Geo Blomefleld Russell, 

Bluemantle — Gerald Woods WoUaston, Esq., 

Rouge Dragon — Algar Henry Stafford Howard, 

Portcullis — Keith William Murray, Esq.. F.S.A. 
Earl Marshal's Sec, Gordon Ambrose de 

Lisle Lee, Esq. ( York Herald). 
Regist., Chas. Harold Athill, Esq., M.V.O., 
F.S.A. (Richmond Herald). 

Glarenceux—iov England E., W., & S. of the Trent. 
Lyon — for Scotland. Ulster— iot Ireland. 

Lyon Court, General Register House, Edinburgh. 

King op Arms. 
iyon -Sir James Balfour Paul,C.V.O.,F.S.A.Scot. 

Aliany—'Wmmm. Rae Macdonald, Esq., F.S.A. 

Scot., Fell, of Fac. of Actuaries. 
iJo5s— Andrew Ross, Esq., Supr. Ct. 
BoJAesa)/— Francis Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A. 
Scot. (Lyon Clerk). 

Carrick— Sir D. A. D. Campbell, Bt., C.V.O. 
3/aj-c;*— Capt. Geo. Sitwell Campbell-Swinton, 

F.S.A. Scot. 
Unicorn — John Home Stevenson, Esq., M.A., 
F.S.A. Scot. 
Lyon Clerk and Keeper of Records — Francis 

Jas. Grant, Esq., W.S., F.S.A. Scot. 
Procurator Fiscal — David Scott-Moncrieflf, 

Esq., W.S. 
Herald Painter — Graham Johnston, Esq. 
Macei — Robt. Gardiner, Esq. 
Office ok Arms, Record Tower, Dublin Castle. 

King of Arms. 
Ulster— C&jii. Nevile Rodwell Wilkinson, C.V.O. , 

/)i<6//«— Guillamore O'Grady, Esq., M.A. 
Oori— Capt. R. A. L. Keith. 

Athlone— Geo. Dames Burtchaell, Esq 


John Horace Round, LL.D., Hon. Adviser to the Attorney-General in Peerage Cases. 


The relative po.sitions of the various grades have formed the subject of legal enact- 
ments from a very early period, the first apparently having been decreed in the reign of 
Edward the Third in the year 1339. After this we meet with a statute passed under 
Henry the Seventh, and a more important one in the 31st year of Henry the Eighth, 
\yhich has .since been looked upon as the primary authority on the subject, though it was 
little more than a conferring of legal force upon the practices then current. Several 
acts of less account have followed, mostly in reference to questions of special controversy 
or doubt. Many striking omissions occur in the table, among them being Colonial Governors, 
military and naval commanders, the sons of Peers' eldest sons, and (till end of 1905) the 
office of Prime Minister : the Chancellor of the Exchequer is still unrecognised, as are 
Secretaries of State who hold higher rank than that of Barons. Hereditary precedence 
as a rule comes only through a father, but a Peeress in her own right can confer it upon her 
offspring. Men possessing tvi^o claims to precedence, a personal and an official one, will 
be ranked according to whichever of these is the higher : yet this preference of the 
higher is not the invariable system, for if the son of a Duke, for instance, is .summoned 
to the House of Lords in a Barony of his father's his rank forthwith sinks co that 
of a Baron ; and similarly if an Irish Peer becomes a Member of Parliament it will 
be only in the latter capacity that he will be summoned to a Coronation. The children 
of a living Peer or Baronet rank before those of his predecessor, as they themselves will 
have the prior claim to succeed. A dignity which is exclusively official— as that of the 
Spiritual Peers and the Scottish Lords of Session — confers no precedence whatever upon 
the children, but those of a Life Peer now rank as onlj' one degree lower than the 
younger sons of other Barons. No foreign title confers any precedence in England, 
but veritable Ambassadors rank before all except the Royal Eamily, whilst Envoys and 
Foreign Ministers have latterly been placed, 'Burke' tells us, between Dukes and 
Marrjuesses. Foreign Sovereigns visiting England would rank after our own King in 
order of seniority of accession alone, whether Emperors, Kings, or Presidents. 



The 8ov( 

The Prince of Wales. 

Sovereign's younger sons. 

SoTereign's grandsons. 

Sovereign's brothers. 

Sovereign's uncles. 

Sovereign's nephews. 


Archbishop of Canterbury. 

lord High Chancellor. 

Ajchbishop of York. 

Prime Minister. 

Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 

Lord President of the Council. 

Table of General Precedence — Men. 

Comptroller of the Household. 

Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 

Secretaries of State &c., below rank of Barons. 

Viscounts' eldest sons. 

Earls' younger sons. 

Barons' eldest sons. 

Knights of the Garter if Commonevs. 

Privy Councillors of any lower rank than above. 

Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

Lord Chief Justice of England. 

Master of the Rolls. 

Lord Privy Seal, 
ing State Offic 
Lord Great Chamberlaii^, when on duty ; ; 

Five following State Officers if Dukes : 


Marshal ; 3, Lord Steward ; 4, Lord Chamberlain 

of Household ; 5, Master of the Horse. 

Dukes of England in order of dates of their patents. 

Dukes of Scotland. 

Dukes of Great Britain. 

Dukes of Ireland made before Union. 

Dukes of United Kingdom or of Ireland after Union. 

Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 

Five State Officers as above if Marquesses. 

Marquesses of England &c., in same order as Dukes. 

Dukes' eldest sons. 

Five State officers as above, if Earls. 

Earls, in same order as Dukes. 

Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal, 

Marquesses' eldest sons. 

Dukes' younger sons. 

Five State officers as above, if Viscounts. 

Viscounts, in same order as Dukes. 

Earls' eldest sons. 

Marquesses' younger sons. 

Bishops of Loudon, Durham, and Winchester 

(in that order). 

Other English Bisliojis, in order of consecration. 

Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 

Five above Officers of State, if Barons. 

Lords Justices of Appeal and President of Probate Ct. 

Judges of the High Court of Justice. 

Viscounts' younger sons. 

Barons' younger sons. 

Sons of Life Peers. 

Baronets of either Kingdom (concurrently). 

Knights Grand Cross of the Bath. 

Knights Grand Commanders of the Star of India. 

Knights Grand Cross of Royal Victorian Order. 

Knights Grand Cross of the British Empire. 

Knights Commanders Of the above six Orders, 

in same sequence. 

Knight Bachelors. 

Commanders of the Royal Victoorian Order. 

Commanders of the British Empire. 

Judges of County Courts and of City of Lond. Ct. 

Masters in Lunacy. 

Companions of first four of the above six Orders, ir 

same sequence. 

Members (Class 4) of the Royal Victorian Order. 

Officers of the British Empire. 

Companions of the Distinguished Service Order. 

Companions of the Imperial Service Order. 

Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 

Baronets' eldest sons. 

Eldest sons of Knights, in order of their fathers. 

Members (Class s) of the Royal Victorian Order. 

Members of the British Empire. 

Baronets' younger sons. 

Knights' younger sons, in order of their fathers. 



Barons, in same order as Dukes. 

Speaker of the House of Commons, 

Treasurer of the Household. 

In various classes, such as the Clergy, the Bar, and the Military, there are rules of 
precedence observed amongst themselves, but which confer no general rank whatever. 
In University Precedence we have Doctors (in the order — D.D., D.C.L. or LL.D., 
M.D., Mus. D., D. Litt., D. Sc), Bachelors of the same faculties, then Masters of 
Arts, and lastly Bachelors of Arts. For Relative Ranks of Army and Navy, see the 
Almaxack. The order of Legal Precedence (apart from those highest officials given 
under the general list above) is as follows after " Judges of the High Court " : 

J udge Advocate-General, 


Lord Advocate of Scotland. 


King's Counsel. 


Recorder of Loudon. 

Common Serjeant of London. 

Attorney-General of Duchy of Lancaster. 

Similarly for Clerical Precedence we must add after " Bishops ": 

Irish Bishops, ProteBtant or Roman Catholic. Deans. 

Bishop of Sodor and Man. Arclideacons, 

Scottish Bishops. 

Colonial Bishops. 

Bishops Suffragan. Retired, Assistant, and 

Missionary Bishops. 

Masters in Chancery. 

Masters in Lunacy. 

Doctors of Civil Law. 

Barristers with patents of precedence. 

Other Barristers. 

King's Remembrancer, 




Rectors of degree D.D, 

Other Rectors. 
Vicars of degree D.D. 
Other Vicars. 
Precedence among Ladies, 
As a first general rule the rank of ladies is that of their husbands if married and of 
their eldest brothers if single ; but there are many special instances. Our section upon 
the Marriage of Peeresses and Others, now placed under the heading ' ' Nomenclature of 
Peers' Relatives," comprehends "much that is applicable to our subject here. In par- 
ticular, we may here repeat that ■^^■hilst the eldest son of a Peer takes rank, say, as a 
Duke's son quite irrespective of his courtesy-title as Marquess, Earl, or Lord, the 
married daughter of a Peer niay either retain a higher rank of her own by adhering to 
lier former style, or take that of her husband by conforming to his. It must be added 
that the wife of an eldest son takes precedence over all daughters, but these in their turn 
have priority over the wives of younger sons. A dowager lady again (not necessarily 



80 styled, see page 31) ranks higher than the wife of the living Peer or Baronet, be- 
cause, whilst neither can possibly succeed to the title, the elder comes the nearer to the 
original holder — a rule thus resulting which is the opposite to that observed in the cases 
of children, wherein those of the living Peer or Baronet take precedence on account of 
nearness to the future succession. The mere official rank of the husband as a rule 
confers no dignity whatever upon his wife ; but even here there are exceptions in cases 
where the wives have a species of public duties to perform, as those of a Lady Mayoress 
and the wife of a Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The following ii " 

The Queen, 
The Queeu-Mothj 

The Princees of Wales. 

Sovereign's daughters. 

Wives of Sovereign's younger sons. 

Daughters of Sovereign's sons. 

Wives of Sovereign's grandsons. 

Sovereign's sisters. 
Wives of Sovereign's brothers. 

Sovereign's aunts. 

Wives of Sovereign's uncles. 

Sovereign's nieces. 

Wives of Sovereign's nephews. 

Daughters of the Princess Royal, th en of other Princess 

Duchesses (in order of Dukesl. 

Wives of eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 


Wives of eldest sons of Dukes. 

Daughters of Dukes. 


Wives ofyounger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 

Wives of eldest sons of Marixuesses. 

Daughters of Marquesses. 

Wiyes of younger sons of Dukes. 


Wives of eldest sons of Earls. 

Daughters of Earls. 

Wives of younger sons of Marquesses. 


Wives of eldest sons of Viscounts. 

Daughters of Viscounts. 

following IS the order observed : 

Wives of younger SMas of Earls. 

Wives of eldest sons of Barons. 

Daughters of Barons. 

Maids of Honour. 

Daughters, and then sons' wives, of Life Peers 

Wives of Baronets. 

Dames Grand Cross of the British Empire. 

Dames Commanders of the British Empire. 

Wives of Knights (in order of rank of husbands). 

Wives of Commanders Roy. Vict. Order. 

Commanders of the British Empire. 

Officers of the British Empire. 

Wives of Companions. 

Wives of Members (4th Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 

Members of the British Empire. 

Wives of Companions of the Dist. Serv. Order. 

Wives of Companions of the Imper. Serv. Order. 

Wives of eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 

Daughters of younger sons of Peers. 

Wives of eldest sons of Baronets. 

Daughters of Baronets. 

Wives of eldest sons of Knights. 

Wives of Members (sth Class) Roy. Vict. Order. 

Daughters of Knights. 

Wives of younger sons of Peers' younger sons. 

Wives of younger sons of Baronets. 

AVives of younger sons of Knights. 

Wives of Esquires. 

M^ives of Gentlemen. 

Local Precedence. 

There is little of a general character that need here be noted. The person highest in 
rank in a county is the Lord Lieutenant, after whom comes the High Sheriff. In 
the City of London the order is— Lord Mayor (on City state occasions he ranks nexi 
to tlie Sovereign ; in the Countij of London the Marquess of Crewe, as Lord Lieutenant, 
would have pre-eminence), Past Lord Mayors, Recorder, Aldermen not passed the 
Chair, Sheriffs, Chamberlain, Town Clerk, Common Serjeant, Comptroller, Remem-- 
brancer (no position is yet assigned to the office of Lieutenant, of which there are 
not far short of four hundred holders). In other corporate towns we have the Mayor 
first unless there is a High Steward, then the Recorder, Sheriff, and Aldermen. At 
Oxford and Cambridge the Sheriff takes precedence of the Vice-Chancellor. 
Precedence in Scotland. 

Earls' eldest sons. , 
Marquesses' younger sons. 
Barons, in order as Dukes. 

The Sovereign. 

The Lord High Commissioner to the Gen. Assembly 

(while that Assembly is sitting). 

The Duke of Rothesay (Pr. of Wales). 

Younger sons of the Sovereign. 

Grandsons, brothers, uncles, and nephews (successively) 

of the Sovereign. 

Lords Lieutenant of Counties, Lord Provosts of Cities, 

and Sheriffs Principal (successively— within their 

own localities and during holding of office). 

Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 

Moderator of the Church of Scotland. 

Keepers of the Great Seal and of the Privy Seal 

(successively— if Peers). 

Hereditary High Constal>le. 

Hereditary Master of the Household. 

Dukes (successively) of England, Scotland, Gt. Britain 

and United Kingdom (including Ireland since date of 


Eldest sons of Dukes of Blood Royal. 

Marquesses, in same order as Dukes. 

Dukes' eldest sons. 

Earls, in order as Dukes. 

Vounger sons of Dukes o£ Blood Royal. 

Marquesses' eldest sons. 

Dukes' youngf:r sons. 

Keepers of the (Jreat Seal and of the Pri\T Seal 

(successively— if not Peers). 

Lord Justice-General. 

Lord Cierk-R«gi8ter. 

Lord Advocate 

Lord Justice-Clerk. 

Viscounts, in order as Dukes. 

Viscounts' eldest s 

Earls' younger sons. 

Barons' eldest sons. 

Knights of the Garter. 

Privy Councillors not included in above ranks. 

Senators of Coll. of Justice (Lords of Session). 

Viscounts' younger sons. 


Knights of the Thistle. 

Knights of St. Patrick. 

Knights of other Orders as in England. 

Solicitor-General for Scotland. 

Lvon King of Arms. 

Sheriffs Principal. 

Knights Baclielor. 

Sheriffs Substitute. 

Commanders of Royal Victorian Order. 

Companions of Orders as in England. 

Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers 

Baronets' eldest sons. 

Knights' eldest sons successively (from Garter to 


Members of Class s of Royal Victorian Order. 

Baronets' younger sons. 

Knights' younger sons. 

King's Counsel. 

Official Glossary. 


Precedence in Ireland. 

Secretaries of State, if Barons. 

Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant, if a Baron. 


Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Commissioners of the Gt. Seal of England. 

Treasurer, and then Comptroller, of the Household. 

Vioe-Chamberlain of the Household. 

Secretaries of State &c., if lower than a Baron (see 

General Table for order). 

Chief Sec. to Lord Lieutenant if ditto. 

Viscounts' eldest sons. 

Earls' younger sons. 

Barons' eldest sons. 

Knights of the Garter, Thistle,and St. Patrick (this order). 

Privy Councillors, if not of any of above ranks. 

Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. 

Master of the RoUs. 

Lords Justices of Appeal. 

Judges of High Court, Judicial Commissrs., and Land 

Judges, all ranking among themselves. 

(After this, as in England, from Viscts.' younger son 

to Knights Bachelor.! 

Attorney-Gen. of Ireld. if not a Privy Councillor. 

Solicitor-General of Ireland. 


Judges of County Courts. 

Coaapanions of Orders as in England. 

Eldest sons of younger sons of Peers. 

Baronets' eldest sons. 

Knights' eldest sons. 

Baronets' younger sons. 

Knights' younger sons. 

Under-Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. 

Provost of Trinity College. 



The Sovereign. 

The Lord Lieutenant. 

The Prince of Wales. 

Younger sons. 

Grandsons, brotjjers, and nephews (successively) 

of the Sovereign. 


Lord Mayor of Dublin (within the city). 

Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Lord Chancellor of Gt. Britain. 

Archbishop of York. 

Archbishop of Armagh. 

Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if a Peer. 

Other Irish Archbishops, Protestant and R. Catholic, 

together with Moderator Gen. Assemb. Presb. 

Ch. in Ireland. 

Lord Chancellor of Ireland, if not a Peer. 

Lord President of the Council of Gt. Britain. 

Lord Privy Seal. 

Lord Great Chamberlain and the other four 

State Officers 

(varied by rank as in England, 

as IB the following). 

The Lord High Steward (Hered. Seneschal) of Ireland 

Dukes, in same order as in England. 

Eldest sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 

Foreign Ministers and Envoys. 


Dukes' eldest sons. 

, Earls. 

Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. 

Marquesses' eldest sous. 

Dukes' younger sons. 


Earls' eldest sons. 

Marquesses' younger sons. 

English Bishops as in England. 

Bishop of Meath. 

Irish Bishops, Protestant or Roman Catholic. 


Under this heading we are presenting a series of brief explanatory notes upon such 
Public Establishments, Services, Offices, Observances, &c., as are not supplied in other 
portions of the Introduction. Necessarily this crowding of so wide a field into so 
narrow a compass must render the information extremely meagre, often also 
extremely common-plaee. The subjects afford obvious scope for a huge volume by 
themselves, and that very fact must form an excuse for our treating them thus 
scantily or not at all. The notices given are intended for the amateur, and in 
particular the statements in respect of Naval and Military topics must seek pardon 
as provided for the "mere civilian." 

Adjutant. — An assistant to the Commander of a Regiment. The Adjutant-General 
has the oversight of discipline and ti-aining for the entire Army, and has his local or 
divisional subordinates, termed respectively Deputy Adjutant-General, Assistant Adju- 
tant-General, and Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Admiralty. — By this body all Naval affairs are controlled, except of course the duties 
of active service. Formerly they were the concern of the Lord High Admiral, but that 
office has been practically extinc?t from 1708, its functions being now entrusted to a 
group of high officials termed Loi'ds Commissioners, or more commonly Lords of the 
Admiralty. At their head is the First Lord, who is invariably a member of the 
Cabinet, whilst the six that follow are also part of the Ministry of the day. These 
six are known as the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Sea Lords, the Civil Lord, 
and Additional Civil Lord. The Parliamentary and Financial Secretary is likewise 
in the Ministry, and there are also a Permanent Secretary, an Assistant Secretary, the 
Hydrographer,' the Admiral Superintendent of Contract-built Ships, the Director- 
General of the Medical Department, the Engineer-in-Chief (with Deputy and 
Assistants), the Superintending Electrical Engineers, and the Directors of Naval 
Intelligence, of Naval Construction (with Assistants and Superintendents of Accounts 
and of Experiments), of Dockyards (with Superintendents), of Stores, of Naval Ordnance 
(with Superintendents &c.), of Victualling, of Transports, of Works (with Assistants 
and Chief Surveyor), of Navy Contracts (with Assistant), of Naval Education, and of 
Greenwich Hospital ; then the Paymaster-in-Chief, the Accountant-General (with 
Deputy), the Chaplain of the Fleet, the Astronomer Royal and the Astronomer at the 
Cape, the Superintendent of the Nautical Almanac, and those important functionaries, 
the Naval Attaches at Foreign Courts. In addition to all these leading officials there 
are a vast number of Superintendents, Inspectors, Constructors, and other Assistants. 
For the Active Service see "Navy." 

86 Introduction. 

Admiralty Court.— This is linked with the Probate and Divorce Division of the 
High Court of Justice. There is also an Admii-alty Court for Ireland, each having its 
own Judge and other officials, including a King's Proctor and in Ireland a Kiny's Advocate. 

Agriculture and Fisheries, Boari>op.— This Government Department was estab- 
lished only in 1889 (the extension to Fisheries not being made till 1903), when those 
duties of the Privy Council which had a bearing upon lands or animals or upon rivers or | 
the sea were transferred to it, as also the control of the Ordnance Survey. Its principal 
officers are the President, Secretary, Legal Adviser, Chief Veterinary Officer, and the 
Director-General of the Ordnance Survey and Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens j 

^ Aides-DE-Camp to the King.— These are both Naral and MilUary, the former hold- | 
ing the rank of Captain (R.N.) and the latter that of Colonel (oifices usually equal ni 
rank) : they retire on attaining a higher promotion (called in the Navy "Flag Rank"). 
Prince Louis of Battenberg is a Personal Naval, and the Duke of Connaught, 
Prince Arthur of Connaught, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstem, and the Duke of 
Teek are Personal Military A.D.C.'s. There are also a First and Principal Naval 
A.D.C. and Marine A.D.C.'s. His Majesty in 1910 appointed also four Aides-de-Camp 
General, who are General Officers in the Army ; in 1912 adding two from the Indian 
Army. General Officers have also their special A.D.C.'s, who are Captains or 
Subalterns. Admirals have Flag-Lieutenants to perform sinnlar duties. 

Air Board.— In 1917 an Act of Parliament was passed instituting a separate Depart- 
ment of State for the Control of the Air Services. 

Almoner. — See "Grand Almoner." 

Alnager.— See "Great Alnager." . _, . ^ 

Ambassadors.— The representatives from England to the leading 1 oreign J:;owers, as 
well as from those Powers to England. They now include France, Russia, Italy, 
United States, Spain, and Japan. Their official residences are known as Embasszcs. 
The representatives to or from second-rate Powers are variously termed Envoys Extra- 
ordinarn and Ministers Pleni/potentiary, and their residences are Legations. In the 
case of 'States of a still lower rank, or those not independent, we have the terms 
Blinisters Resident, Consuls-General (sometimes with "and Agents" added). Consuls, 
Vice-Consuh, and Charges d' Affaires, their offices being Legations, Agencies, tonsulates- 
Oeneral, Consulates, and Vice-Consulates. ^ , , ,^ , 

Arches, Court of.— The highest of the Ecclesiastical Courts, under attachment to 
the two Archbishoprics. It is presided over by the Dean of the Arches. 

Arms, College of.— See page 81. 

Army —The Commissioned Officers range down as— Field Marshals, Generals, 
Lieutenant-Generals, Major-Generals, Brigadier-Generals, Colonels, Lieutenant- 
Colonels, Majors, Captains, Lieutenants, and Second Lieutenants (the ranks of Ensign 
and Cornet are aboUshed, except that the former is retained m the Royal Company of 
Archers); and in the Medical Service— Surgeons-General, followed by the regular titles 
from Colonels to Lieutenants. For Warrant Officers we have---Sergeant-Ma]ors, 
Corporal-Majors, Master Gunners, Bandmasters, Conductors and Sub-Conductors m 
the Ordnance Department, Schoolmasters, and Superintending Clerks. ihe Aon- 
commissioned Officers comprise such of these as have not obtained the liigher qualifaca- 
tions, and with them Colour Sergeants, Sergeants, and Corporals. A Brigade-Major is 
either a Major or Captain on the Staff of a Brigade ; a Staff Captain is a Captain 
performing certain duties on the Staff; a Laiice Corporal (called in the Artillery a 
Bombardier) is a Private promoted on probation ; for Adjutant, Commissary, and 
Quartermaster, as also Aide-de-Camp, Colonel Commandant, and Honoraiy Colonel 
(Captain, or other Officer), see those separate articles. The Mihtary term Brevet^ 
denotes promotion to a higher rank in the Army, though not to such in the Officer s 
own Regiment or Corps. Brevet rank is given as a reward for special services usually 
in the field. An Officer is said to be "seconded" (pronounced seconded) from his 
Regiment when holding a Staff or other extra-regimental appointment which necessitates 
the promotion of another Officer to perform the duties he has vacated. 

Army Council.— Created in 1904 and holding transfer of the powers and functions 
previously possessed by the Secretary for War and the Commander-in-Chief. Ihe 
Secretary is still at its head, and with him are the Chief of the Imperial General Staff 
(First Military Member), the Adjutant-General (Second ditto), the Quartermaster- 
General (Third ditto), the Master- General of the Ordnance (Fourth ditto), the Parha- 
mentary Under Secretary of State (Civil Member), and the Financial Secretary 
(Finance Member). The Permanent Under Secretary of State acts as its Secretary. 

Official Glossary. 87 

Astronomers Royal. — The first in estimation of these is nt the head uf Greenwich 
Observatory. After him come the Astronomer Eoyal for Scutlayid, at Edinburgh ; the 
Royal Astronomer for Ireland, at Dublin ; and the Government Astronomer at the 
Cape. The first and last of the four are officials of the Admiralty. 

Attaches. —These are both Naval and Military, their attachment being to the 
Embassies or Legations at foreign capitals, whilst their duties consist in ascertaining 
by honom-able means, and reporting to the Home Government, any movements or 
changes in their respective lines of service. Of the Naval Attaches there is one each 
at Petrograd, Paris (with an Assistant), Rome, and Tokio ; of the Military there are 
twelve, several of whom have to give attention to more than one centre. There are 
also Commercial and general Attaches. 

ATTOENEr-GENEKAi,. — The first legal adviser of the Government, of which he is 
invariably a member and is knighted. He also conducts State prosecutions and suits 
for matters concerning the Sovereign, but is free to act in private cases when not 
interfering, of course, wdth his official duties. The Attorney-General for Ireland is 
also a member of the Government, but he does not receive knighthood as such, nor 
is it even held essential that he should be a Member of Parliament. The corre- 
sponding Scottish official is the Lord Advocate. . 

Bankruptcy, Court OF. — The fourth Division of the" High Court of Justice. See 
under " Lord Chief Justice." 

Bedchamber, Ladies and Women op. — The former of these are invariably 
Peeresses ; the latter are also of high rank but inferior to the former-. The only 
duties of either at the present day are those of attendance at Courts and ceremonials. 
In the time of George the Second they were personally present at the toilet of the 
Queen. Both " Ladies " and " Women " are alike styled Ladies-m- Waiting. 

Beef-eaters. — A conventional name for Yeomen of the Guard and Warders of the 
Tower. See under'the former, where two suggestions for its origin are given. 

Black Rod. — This official, who is mentioned under Order of the Garter, is the 
senior of the Gentlemen Cshers Daily Waiters, and holds his appointment by patent. 
The staff or wand which he carries gives him his designation, his principal duty being 
atteiidaiice at the House of Lords, where he acts in the maintenance of order, 
summons the Commons when required, and appoints subordinate officials. 

Board. — See under the various Departments. 

Body Guards.— See " Gen tlemen-at- Arms," "Royal Co. of Archers," and "Yeomen 
of the Guard." 

Cabinet, The. — In normal times this consists of a committee of the leading members 
of the Government, whose number has ranged of late years from fourteen to twenty- 
one (the present number), all of whom are Privy Councillors, but has now been super- 
seded by a " War Cabinet " consisting of the Prime Minister, Lord President of the 
Council, and four Ministers without Portfolio. 

Census Office.— See under "Registrar-General." 

Chamberlain. — See " Lord Chamberlain" and " Lord Gt. Chamberlain." 

Champion of England. — See "King's Champion " as per Index to Introd. 

Chancellor, Lord.— See "Lord High Chancellor." 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. — The once Palatine Duchy of Lancaster 
has been merged in the Crown ever since the accession of Henry the Fourth. Its 
revenues are thus vested in the Sovereign, who receives from them about £60,000, the 
total nett income being some £100,000. 

Chancellor of the Exchequer. — The first Finance Minister of the Crown, 
responsible for the annual balance of revenue and expenditure. The office of First 
Lord of the Treasury has no special connection with this, though of course when held 
by the Premier it is paramount over this as all other Departments. The Chancellor is 
still unrecognised in the Scale of Precedence. 

Chancery, Court of.— See under "Lord High Chancellor." 

Chapels Royal. — Of these there are two in St. James's Palace (one of them styled 
the Marlborough House Chapel) and one at Hampton Court Palace— all three being 
governed by the Dean of the Chajaels Royal, who is usually the Bishop of London, but 
chosen by the Sovereign. There is also the Chapel Royal of the Savoy, which is in the 
Sovereign's private list as a " Royal Peculiar " and not under the Dean's jurisdiction. 

Chaplains to the King. — Attached to the Household there are the Domestic 
Chaplains, Chaplains in Ordinary, Honorary Chaplains, Priests in Ordinaty, Honorary 
Priests, and Deputy Priests ; and in both the Navy and Army there are his Honorary 
Chaplains, and in Scotland his Chaplains in Ordinary. 

88 Introduction. 

Charity Commissionebs. — This is a body of four gentlemen known respectively as 
Chief, Second, Third, and Fourth Commissioners, appointed originallj' in 1853 for the 
better administration of charitable trusts. Their duty was afterwards extended to a 
supervision of endowed schools, but in 1902 this was again modified so as to transfer to 
the Board of Education such endowments as were educational exclusively. 

Chief Butler. — An office now nominal only. It descends by heredity to the Earl 
of Arundel (Duke of Norfolk), but the names of other claimants were recorded at King 
Edward's Coronation. The offices of Chief Cup Bearer and Chief Larderer (see others 
under " Grand Falconer ") stand in a like position, for all three were concerned with the 
after proceedings in Westminster Hall which are now discontinued at Coronations. 

Church Estates Commissioners. — See under "Ecclesiastical Commissioners." 
'Cinque Ports. — These, as the name signifies, were originally five— Dover, Hastings, 
Hythe, Romney, and Sandwich— but Rye and Winchelsea were added, and at the last 
two Coronations the " Barons of the Cinque Ports " were allowed to send one of their 
number from each of these seven towns as well as from Deal, Faversham, Folkestone, 
Lydd, Margate, Ramsgate, and Tenterden : indeed we hear of a still larger number, 
for a claim was made from the Ports for sixteen of their Barons to hold a canopy over 
the King and sixteen more over the Queen. Eighteen in all were invited, and 
the fourteen enumerated .were understood to be participants. The office of Lord 
Warden of the Cinque Ports, once held by the great Duke of Wellington, is no 
longer invested with more than a slight power of jurisdiction ; at one time the Warden 
was a judge gf appeal from the local courts, but could still be appealed from to the 
King's Bench, though we read that the "King's ordinary writ did not run " in the 

Clerk op the Cheque. — There is one of these officials to each of the two English 
Body Guards of His Majesty. 

Coastguard. — The duties of this service are by no means restricted to the prevention 
of smuggling, but comprehend the reporting of the passage of vessels and the watching 
of those in distress : it can also be utilised as a reserve for the Fleet. Every man 
serving in it must have been for a term in the Navy as a Gunner or Torpedo-man ; 
must be able to swim, not over 37 at appointment, and must have a good-conduct 
badge. The whole is under the Admiral Superintendent of Naval Reserves, and the 
coasts are divided into six districts, i.e., Eastern, Western, Southern (all in England), 
Scottish, North of Ireland, and South of Ireland. 

Cockades.— The Cockade, in present English usage, is a distinction of office rather 
than of title, it being a badge on the head-dress which can properly be worn 
only by servants of Royalty and of those holding commissions direct from 
the Crovra, such as Naval and Military Officers, diplomatists, and the Lords 
Lieutenant, Deputy Lieutenants, and High Sheriffs of Counties. With these its 
colour is black— circular with a projecting fan for Military and semi-mihtary men, 
and oval without fan for Naval Officers : there is also the Royal Cockade, much like 
the Military, but rather larger. Its introduction into England in these forms 
was due to the House of Hanover, those who adopted it signifying . thereby 
their allegiance to that House ; but cockades of various colours had been here 
known long previous to their time. Under Charles the First there was a scarlet 
cockade, but under his son the colour was changed to white, and "the white 
cockade " became the badge of the Pretenders or Jacobites, as the orange 
was that of King William (in accord with his title "Prince of Orange," a small 
principality now belonging to France). At that date "to mount the cockade" 
implied simply "to become a soldier," the white or orange denoting the party. 
The latter is still the colour in Holland, whilst other European nations adopt a 
large variety of hues, as is shown occasionally in the streets of London by the foreign 
liveries of' carriage attendants— black and white for Prussia; black, white, and 
red for Germany ; black and yellow for Austria ; blue and white for Bavaria ; the 
tricolour for France ; scarlet for Spain ; and black, red, and yellow for Belgium. 
The word was borrowed from the French cocarde, having originally been applied 
to the plumes of cocks' feathers worn by Croatian soldiers serving in the French 
army. Some such a plume, or in its place a bunch of ribbons, came to be used 
in pinning up the flaps of the hat into a cocked position, and thus gradually the word 
passed for the name of the " cocked " hat itself. (This paragraph is mainly based upon 
an article by Mr. F. Lee Carter in the Genealogical Magazine for June 1899.) 

Colonel Commandant.— An honour conferred upon distinguished General Officers 
of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, of the Corps of Royal Engineers, of the King's 
Royal Rifle Corps, and of the Rifle Brigade. The term is also applied to Officers 

Official Glossary. 

actually serving in command of Divisions of the Royal Marine Artillery and Light 
infantry, who were granted 1913 the rank of Brigadier-General. 

Colonies, Seceetaey of State for. — As a distinct office this dates only from the 
time of the Crimean War in 1854, having from i7y4 up till that date been conjoined 
with the Secretaryship for War. Its duties comprehend the appointment of Governors 
and Crown Agents, together with a certain oversight of Colonial legislation, which 
varies according to the degre'e of self-governing power which each Colony possessses. 
There are about 45 Crown Colonies, but in some additional instances there is no 
regular administration formed, the territories being more or less under the 
control of Companies. India, of course, is not reckoned a Colony, and is under the 
charge of its own Secretary of State : with it are included not only Burma, but Aden, 
Perim, Socotra, and the Laccadive, Nicobar, and Andaman Islands. Under Crown 
Colonies, however, are classed Ceylon, the Malay States, Straits Settlements, and 
the East Indies. Ascension is administered by the Admiralty. 

Commander-in-Chief. — ^As head of the British Army this office is abolished, its 
functions being now exercised by the Army Council. The title is, however, | 
retamed in India and some Colonies, and in the Fleets and other divisions of the 
Navy. There is also a General Officer Commanding-in-Chief in each of the Commands . 
under which the Home Army is now distributed. 

Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords. — The body of Law Lords by j 

which are decided all claims to Peerages or to titles implying any measure of connection ! 

therewith. . j 

Comptroller and Auditor- General. — The duties of this functionary comprise 

examination of the daily accounts of moneys paid into the Banks of England and Ireland j 

to credit of the Exchequer, also the quarterly accounts of the Consolidated Fund and I 

the grant of credits authorised by Parliament. He has further to ascertain that moneys | 

are actually expended in accordance with the purposes designed. _ j 

Comptroller of the Household.— The officer ranking next after the Treasurer in 

the Lord Steward's Department. ! 

Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Department. — The superintendent of 

accounts and the acting permanent head of the Department except as stated under [ 

"Jjord Chamberlain." . , 

Consistory Courts. — These Courts, of which every Archbishop and Bishop has his I 

own, are for the determination of ecclesiastical questions within the Province or Diocese, j 

Constable OF the Tower.— See "Tower." . \ 

Consul. — An accredited representative from England to some important town in a 

foreign country, or to or from a petty State, his duties being largely of a mercantile 

character. Sometimes he bears the title of Consul -General, or even with the word 

Agent prefixed, but this is most frequently the case when there are several Consulates 

in the same country and the one in question ranks at their head. There are also 

numerous Vice-Consuls. Many of both ranks are unsalaried. See further under 


Cornwall, Duchy op.— The revenues of this Duchy accrue to the Sovereign's eldest 
son (Duke of Cornwall) from the time of his birth, and if the title has been dormant 
they accumulate at interest till a successor appears. The annual amount paid to the 
Prince is now about £70,000, the total income being some £130,000. For the personal 
conditions attaching to the title see under " Prince of Wales " as per Index. 

Court Dress.— In the official work lately published under the title of 'Dress Worn 
at Court' there are detailed instructions given for the apparel of Gentlemen Func- 
tionaries of every class. For us to include all these would be simply to reprint the 
book ; we must content ourselves with the directions to be followed by civilians who 
wear no distinctive uniform. For Courts, Levees, and Evening State Parties the choice 
is given between V^elvet Court Dress of either New or Old Style and Cloth Court Dress ; 
for Dinners, Balls, and Receptions the rule' is Frock Dress. We here give the first and 
last of these in full ; the others only so far as they differ from the first. 

Velvet Court Dress, Neio Style.— Coo^toi black silk velvet, stand collar, single-breasted, 
cut narrow, so that the fronts do not meet ; plain gauntlet cuffs ; imitation pocket 
flaps hung from the waist seam, and with three points on the lower edge ; six cut steel 
buttons (of a specially-embossed pattern figured in the book) on right forepart with 
corresponding notched holes on left ; two buttons on each inner edge of the skirts (tails), 
one each being on the waist seam and one on the lower extremity ; pockets m breast 
and in tails ; lining of white silk for body and black for skirts. Waistcoat, white satin 
or black silk velvet, without collar, but with four small buttons to match coat. 

go Introduction. 

Breeches of black silk velvet with three small steel buttons above a steel buckle on outer 
side of each knee. Hose, black silk. Shoes, black patent leather M^ith steel buckles. 
Hat, either black beaver or a silk cocked hat with steel loop on a black silk cockade or 
rosette. White bow Necktie and white Gloves. Sword, steel hilt with black scabbard 
and steel mountings, attached to a black silk web waist-belt worn under the waistcoat, 
with black velvet frog for the sword. Studs should be plain pearl or gold, watch 
chains should not be worn. 

Velvet Court Drets, Old Style. — The variations on the preceding are these : Coat with 
seven buttons instead of six, and the foreparts meeting at the third button, where a 
hook-and-eye secures them ; the gauntlet cuffs have three buttons on the back edges, 
and three notched holes ; flaps (imitation pockets) have a button under each of the three 
points ; on the inner edge of each tail there is a third button, midway between the 
upper and lower ones. A lace frill and ruffles lianging from the collar in front to below 
the second button ; and at the back a " wig-bag " or "flash " of black silk is similarly 
attached and hangs to between the shoulders. Waistcoat with skirted fronts and with 
pointed flaps to pockets, with three buttons under each flap. Sling sword hung by 
slings to waist-belt. 

Cloth Court Dress. — Varied from above New Style as follows : Coat of dark-coloured 
cloth, either mulberry, claret, or green ; the six button-holes blind or dummy ; lining 
wholly black silk ; gold embroidery on collar, cuffs, and flaps ; the buttons gilt, convex, 
with mounted imperial (heraldic) crown. Waistcoat, white corded silk or white 
marcella ; buttons to match coat, but smaller. Breeches, same cloth as coat, with 
cloth buttons and gilt buckles. Shoes also with gilt buckles. Hat, if cocked, with 
the loop gold and button gilt. Court-dress Sword with gilt hilt and gold knot, the 
scabbard with gilt mountings and the belt with frog of cloth. At Levees, trousers of 
same cloth as coat, with row of gold lace down side-seams and plain military patent 
leather boots. 

A black or very dark Inverness Cape or long full dark Overcoat may be worn with 
either of the above three styles. 

Frock X)?-ess.— Black evening dress Coat lapelled, optionally faced with silk. Black 
or white evening-dress Vest. Breeches of plain black evening-dress material or 
stockinet, with three small black cloth or silk buttons and small jet or black buckles at 
the knees. Hose of black silk. Shoes, plain Court with bows, no buckles. Necktie, 
a white evening-dress bow. Gloves white. (No sword.) An ordinary opera hat is 
worn with this dress. 

For Ladies. — But one page of the 165 in the above volume is devoted to these. They 
must appear in full dress with trains and three white feathers mounted as a Prince 
of Wales's Plume slightly on the left hand side of the head ; a tulle veil (not longer 
than 45 inches) is attached to the base of the featliers. The skirt of the gown should 
extend behind not less than 15 inches on the ground ; the regulation length of a Cotirt 
train is 3 yards from the shoulders and the width at the end is 54 inches. White gloves 
only are worn, except in case of mourning, when black or grey is admissible. For ladies 
to whom illness or infirmity renders low dresses unadvisable the King has sanctioned the 
adoption of "High Court Dress, ""for which, however, previous permission must be 
obtained through the Lord Chamberlain. They can thus present themselves with 
Bodices in front, cut square or heart-shape, and allowed to be filled in with white 
only, either transparent or lined ; at the back high, or cut do\tn three-quarter height : 
sleeves to elbow, either thick or transparent. 

Court of Appeal. — The Supreme Court of Judicature next to the House of Lords. 
It consists of the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Chief Justice, the Master of the Rolls, 
and the President of the Probate Court, with five Loi'ds Justices. 

Court of Claims. — A body of members of the Privy Council formed by special com- 
mission previous to a Coronation, their office being to determine the validity of claims 
to appear at that ceremony. A Lord High Steward is appointed to preside. 

Courts and Drawing-rooms. — The latter were the customary assemblies until the 
accession of King Edward, but they are now abandoned for the former. Ladies who 
have been previously presented at either must, if desirous of a second attendance, 
send in their names in writing to the Loid Chamberlain, after which a,s many as can 
be accommodated will receive invitations to attend ; but this is not, unless 
exceptionally permitted, more than once in three years. The,y can then eacli present 
her own daughters and daughters-in-law and one debutante, whose first access can only 
be obtained through such introduction. Gentlemen are exceptionally allowed to 
accompany the ladies of their family. 

Official Glossary. 91 

Crown Agents for the Colonies. — The Crown Colonies are commercially repre- 
sented in London by Agents appointed by the Secretary of State (see " Colonies "). 
Self-governing Colonies ha\'e their own Agents-General or High Commissioners. 

Customs, Chairman and Commissioner of. — "Customs" is the term applied to the 
duties on imports and exports, whilst "Excise" relates to home manufacture and 
consumption. The two Departments were in 1909 amalgamated, and the joint Board 
of Customs and Excise transferred from the office of Inland Revenue to that of Customs 
and ExcLse in Lower Thames Street. It consists of a Chairman, Deputy Chairman, 
and Commissioners. 

Custos Rotclorum. — The Lord Lieutenant of a county (in Ireland " Lieutenant "), 
so styled as having charge of the county sessions rolls. 

Deputy Lieutenants. — Gentlemen so appointed by the Lord Lieutenant. of their 
county. Three of them jointly can act in his absence, unless he has also appointed a 

Drawing-rooms.— See " Courts." 

Durham, County Palatine of.— The Bishop of this county was granted Palatine 
privileges by Prince Guthrun, and they were retained until 1836, when the Crown 
nnexed them. In their original form they practically made the county an indepen- 
dent kingdom in alliance with England. 

Earl Marshal. — Some information as to this high office is given in the Directory 
under the Duke of Norfolk, its hereditary holder, and its position at the head of the 
English College of Arms will be seen under that section in the Introduction. The 
Earl Marshal has the arrangement of state ceremonials and processions as well as the 
granting of armorial bearings. ■ The present Duke of Norfolk being a minor, a Deputy 
Earl Marshal has been appointed, Lord Edmund Talbot occupying the office. 

Ecclesiastical Commissioners. — This important body, whose proceedings are 
continually being reported in the Gazette, consists of all the English Archbishops and 
Bishops, the Deans of Canterbury, St. Paul's, and Westminster, the Lord Chancellor, 
and at present 19 other officials, noblemen, and gentlemen, whose names or offices are 
given in ' Whitaker's Almanack.' 'They have power to divide or unite parishes and to 
portion off new ecclesiastical districts. Three of their number have a special function 
assigned them under the designation of Church Estates Commissioners. Over 300,000 
acres of land are under control of the Commission. 

Ecclesiastical Courts.— See "Arches," " Faculties, " and "Peculiars." 

Education, Board of. — This Board was established by an Act of 1899 which 
abolished the Committee of Privy Council to whom the duties had previously been 
entrusted. It consists of a President, Parliamentary Secretary, Permanent Secretary, 
and ditto for Wales, and a Consultative Committee : it has also its LegaJ Assistant, 
Chief Medical Officer, &c. 

Embassies. — See under "Ambassadors." 

Envoys. — See the same. 

Equerries. — These officials accompany the Sovereign's carriage on state occasions. 
The Chief or Crown Equerry, who was formerly styled Gentleman of the Horse, is the 
next officer to the Master of the Horse. 

Estates of the Realm. — The three classes constituting the Legislature— the Lords 
Spiritual, the Lords Temporal, and the Commons. 

Excise Department.— For the distinction between this and Customs see the latter. 
The Chief Inspector and several grades of subordinates constitute the staff, but it is 
now removed from the Inland Revenue Office at Somerset House to the Custom House 
at Lower Thames Street, E. C. 

Exons.— See " Yeomen of the Guard." 

Faculties, Court of. — An Ecclesiastical Court presided over by a Master, who is 
the Dean of the Arches. It has, besides some other dispensations, the issuing of 
marriage licences, which must be applied for at the Vicar-General's office. 

Foreign Affairs, Secretary of State for.— The official agent between the Crown 
and Foreign Governments. He has the negotiation of treaties, the transaction of all 
Ministerial correspondence abroad, and the appointment of Ambassadors, Consuls, &c. 
Among the numerous changes in the functions and nomenclature of Secretaries of State 
we find that from 1761 to 1782 there existed two such Secretaries only, one being styled 



"for the Northern " and one " for the Southern Department," and to these two officials 
were committed not only the Foreign Affairs connected with those two divisions of 
Europe and the World but also the entire business transacted by all five of the present 
Secretaries of State. A special Foreign Secretary and a Home Secretary were consti- 
tuted in 1782, a War Secretary in 1794, a Colonial Secretary in 1854, and an Indian 
Secretary in 1858. 

Friendly Societies Registry. — A central office established in 1875 for observing the 
due carrying out of Acts relating to such institutions as Savings Banks, Provident 
Societies, Trade Unions, &c. 

Gentlemen-at-Arms, Hon. Corps of.— This Body Guard of the Sovereign, formerly 
called Gentlemen Pensioners, consists of retired Officers of the Regular Army or 
Marines. These are entitled to form " the nearest guard and principal military corps 
of the Household of the Sovereign." They have a Lieutenant, Standard Bearer, and 
Clerk of the Cheque. 

Gentlemen Ushers. — Of these there are now four classes : i. Gentlemen Ushers of 
the Privy Chamber, who come nearest in association to the King, attending him at 
ohapel, and conducting him in the absence of the Lord Chamberlain ; 2, Gentlemen 
Ushers Daily Waiters, who officiate monthly by turns in the Presence Chamber, their 
senior being Black Rod ; 3, Gentlemen Ushers Quarterly Waiters, who attend in the 
absence of the preceding class ; 4, Gentlemen Usher to the Hobes, a new appointment 
substituted for that of Groom of the Stole (below). 

Gold Sticks. — This appointment falls in turn to the Colonels of the Regiments of 
Household Cavalry. The Captain-General of the Royal Company of Archers is Gold 
Stick for Scotland. The officer holding the appointment of Gold Stick walks behind 
the Sovereign on state occasions, bearing a gold-headed staff. 

GrjVND Almoner of England, The Hereditary. — An officer who attends at a 
Coronation to distribute certain alms collected on the occasion. Under him are the 
Lord High Almoner and Sub-Almoner. The Marquess of Exeter is Grand Almoner. 

Grand Falconer, The Hereditary. — A nominal post held by the Duke of St. 
Albans. There were formerly also the offices of Grand Carver and Grcmd Pannetier, 
the duty of the latter being to bear the salt, bread, and knives for the King's dining- 
table, whilst the Server or Dapifcr arranged the dishes at a Coronation banquet. Com- 
pare under " C^lief Butler" above. 

Great Alnager op Ireland. — An Alnager was formerly an official having the duty 
of examining woollen cloth, and the title of Great Alnager (which is hereditary in the 
line of the Lords de Blaquiere) denotes an honorary headship of these. 

Great Seal.— See under "Lord Privy Seal." 

Green Cloth, Board of. — A synonym for the Lord Steward's Department, located 
at Buckingham Palace. 

Groom of the Stole. — An office now extinct, formerly the deeignation of the 
senior Lord of the Bedchamber. It gave place under a female Sovereign to the post of 
Mistress of the Robes ; now to the Grentleman Usher to the Robes. The Stole is the 
long robe worn by a King on state occasions. 

Grooms-in-Waiting. — These officials rank next after Lords-in-Waiting and attend 
the Sovereign in rotation. 

Heralds' College. — See page 81. 

Heritable Master of His Majesty's Housejhold in Scotland.— An office held 
by the Duke of Argyll. 

High Commissioners. — The title borne by the Governors of Cyprus and of the 
Britisli Islands in the Pacific ; also by the representativee in London of the Dominions 
of Canada, New Zealand, Australia and South Africa. See also "Lord High 

High Sheriffs. — See " Sheriffs," their more correct title. 

Home Depabtmbnt, Secretary of Staite for.— This functionary, who ranks first 
of the five Secretaries of State, has the charge of all internal affairs that are not 
specially allotted to other officers (as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Poetmaster- 
General, and the various Commissioners). He has the oversight of peace snad order at 

Official Glossary. 93 

home and the exercise of mercy towards capital and other criminals ; also the particular 
Departments of Inspection of Mines, Factories, Prisons, and Explosives, as well as 
under the Aliens Act, the Inebriates Act, the Cruelty to Animals Act, &c. See under 
"Foreign Secretary." 

Honorary Colonel. — The term has a two-fold significance. First, that of the 
honour conferred, in the case of the Regular Army, uix)n distinguished General Officers, 
and, in the case of the old Constitutional force and the Territorial Service, upon 
j distinguished officers or county residents, by placing them at the head of a Regiment 
(usually that in which the recipient of the honour has served). Secondly, that of 
honorary rank, superior to that held in the regiment, formerly conferred upon regimental 
officers of the Auxiliary Forces after a specified length of service as Lieutenant- 

HoRNiNGS, Keeper of the Registers of.— "Horning" is the Scottish term for a 
form of personal service for debt. Letters of Horning are issued in the Sovereign's 
name and pass the Signet, instructing messengers to call upon the debtor to pay ; on 
his failure to do so a " caption " or warrant of apprehension is granted. 

Household, The Royal. — See under the various officers. 

India, Secretary op State for. — The title explains the duties of this officer. See 
" Colonies " for the outlying islands, and "Foreign Affairs " for the time of its separate 
institution; also "Viceroy." 

Inland Revenue Offices. —These are located at Somerset House and fall under 
the divisions of Taxes, Stamps, and Estate Duties. The leading officials are the 
Chaii-man, Deputy Chairman, and Commissioners, and in addition Special Commis- 
sioners of Income Tax, Joint Secretaries, Chief Inspectors of Taxes Department, the 
Secretary of the Estate Duty Office, the Accountant and Comptroller General, and tlie 
Controller and Registrar of Stamps. 

Insignia, Return or Retention of. — Under each Order of Knighthood we have 
given the off.cial directions for its own case, but there may be a convenience in our 
here tabulating the entire series : 

To be returned at Death to St. James's Palace : K.G.. K.T., K.P., G.C.B. 

(except as below), Star of India (all Classes), G.C.I.E., K.C.I.E. 
To be retained by relatives : G.C.B. Star and Badge, K.C.B., C.B., SS.Mieh. and 

George(all Classes). CLE., Roy. Vict. Order(allClasses),O.M., D.S.O., and LS.O. 
To be returned on Promotion to a higher Class in same Order : All lower Classes to 

St. James's Palace, except those of Roy. Vict. Order, which go to Privy Purse. . 

Investiture. — The ceremony of investing new Knights and Companions by the 

Ireland, Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of.— This official is invariably 
a member of the House of Commons, and latterly has been also of the Cabinet. When 
his superior does not belong to the latter body he is the medium between the Govern- 
ment and Irish affairs. His offices are at the Castle, Dublin, and Old Queen Street, 

Ireland, IjORD Chancellor of. — See under "Lord High Chancellor." 

Ireland, Lord High Steward of. — See under " Lord High Steward." 

Ireland, Lord Lieutenant of. — The Viceroy or Deputy Sovereign of Ireland, 
charged with executive administration. He holds Courts and Levees and has the 
power of conferring knighthood and of appointing Irish Privy Councillors, also of 
commuting sentences upon criminals. 

Irish Constabulary. — See "Royal Irish Constabulary." 

Judge Advocate-General. — Both in the Navy and Army there is an official 
bearing this title, his function being to superintend generally the administration of 

Keeper of the Priyy Purse. — One of the highest of the personal officers of His 
Majesty. The Privy Purse was made a fixed annual sum under the Regency, and its 
present amount is £110,000. 

King's Advocate and King's Proctor. — See under "Admiralty Court." 



King's Bench, Court of.— See "Lord Chief Justice." 

King's Body Guards. — The Hon. Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms, the Yeomen of the 
Guard, and (Scotland) the Royal Company of Archers. 

King's Counsel.— Barristers specially so dignified by the King. They are dis- 
tinguished by the wearing of silk gowns (hence " took silk " at such a date). The title 
is dropped on their attaining to a Judgeship in one of the higher Courts (not a County 
Court nor as a Recorder). See page 23 as to retention by a Peer. 

Laboratories, Government. — A distinct Department, except that by its Deputy 
Principal it has a connection with the Inland Revenue Office. 

Laboratory, National Physical. — An establishment at Bushy House, Teddiaigton, 
devoted specially to the standardising of instruments used in optics, meteorology, 
electricity, metallurgy, and engineering. It is in part associated with the Kew 

Ladiks-in-Waiting. — See "Bedchamber." 

Lancaster, Duchy of. — See "Chancellor." 

Legations. — See under "Ambassadors." 

Levees. — This word (commonly but improperly spelt with an accent, the Prench 
word levee having no such meaning) denotes the attendances and presentations at Court 
of Gentlemen, as "Courts" is applied (more especially, though not quite exclusively) 
to the like visits of ladies. Admission is to be obtained by application to the Lord 
Chamberlain, but Officers of the Navy or Army, or persons connected with India, the 
Colonies, or any Government Department, should apply respectively to the First Lord 
of the Admiralty, the Adjutant-General, the Private Secretary to the Secretary for 
India or the Colonies, or an official connected with such other Department as may 
include themselves : legal gentlemen to the Secretary to the Lord Chancellor. 

Lieutenant of the Tower. — See under "Tower, Constable of." 

Lieutenants op the City of London.— These gentlemen are chosen by the Lord 
Mayor and appointed by the Home Secretary, the apixsintment being for life unless 
for some valid reason. The present number is between 350 and 400, and is made up 
chiefly of Aldermen, Deputies, Members of Parliament for the City, Directors of the 
Bank of Englaiid, and personal friends of the appointing Lord Mayor. 

Local Government Board.— This Board is one of the former Committees of the 
Privy Council, being then known as the Poor Laiv Board, but in 187 c it was divided off 
under its present appellation. It consists of the Lord President of the Council, the 
Lord Privy Seal, the Secretaries of State, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and its 
own President and head, who, with his Parliamentary and Permanent Secretary and a 
numerous staff of officials, transacts the actual business, the Board never meeting in 
any formal capacity. It constitutes the central authority for county, municipal, 
sanitary, and Poor Law administration in England and Wales. There are separate 
Boai-cls for Scotland and Irela^id. 

London County Council. — For full particulars, including list of members, see 
' Whitaker's Almanack.' (The London School Board is now absorbed in it.) 

Lord Advocate. — The principal Law Officer of the Crown in Scotland, correspond- 
ing to the Attorney-General in England and Ireland. He is the leading Scottish Minister 
in the Commons unless the Secretary for Scotland is also a member of that House. 

Lord Chamberlain of the Household. — To this functionary is entrusted the 
control of all the officers and servants " above stairs," as the Lord Steward presides 
over those " below." But not only the Bedchamber and Wardrobe, but also the State 
Band, the Sergeants-at-Arms, Trumpeters, Messengers, &c., and the Royal Physicians, 
Surgeons, Chaplains, and officers of the Chapels Royal, are all under his charge, and he 
has the regulation of Courts and Levees, the custody of furniture in the Houses of 
Parliament, and also the licensing of dramatic entertainments. In his absence the Vice- 
Chamberlain acts as his deputy ; at other times he is his assistant. 

Lord Chief Justice of England.— The President of the King's Bench Division of 
the High Court of Justice, in which Court are now merged those of Exchequer and 
Common Pleas. There are 16 additional Judges, all holding knighthood and designated 
" Honourable, " as are the Judges and Justices in the following Courts: the Court of 
Chancery (Lord Chancellor and six Judges) ; the Court of Probate, Divorce, and Admi- 
ralty (President, who is " Right Hon.," and one Justice) r and the Court of Bankruptcy 
(one Justice). 

Official Glossary. 95 

Lord Great Chamberlain. — This hereditary office— the history of which is given 
in the Directory under its last holder, the Marquess of Cholmondeley — is of great 
dignity at the time of a Coronation by virtue of his holding the control of the Palace 
of Westminster ; he is also to the fore at the opening of Parliament by the Sovereign 
or at the trial of a Peer or Peeress, but has none of the various duties of the Lord 
Chamberlain above. On the Coronation Day he attends the King in his bedroom and 
hands him his v/earing apparel ; at the main ceremony he stands on his left, fastens the 
clasp of the imperial mantle, and arrays him in his purple robes before leaving the Abbey ; 
he also serves the King with water for washing his hands before the banquet. The 
fitting up of Westminster Hall when required for a state purpose used to fall to his lot, 
but this use of the Hall is now in abeyance. He receivas " fort}-- ells of crimson velvet 
for his own robes, " and is entitled to the gilt basin and the towels used at the above 
hand-washing, and also now some .£200 in lieu of the furniture of the King's bedroom, 
his former perquisites. 

Lord High Admiral.— This office is now held in Commission, as stated under 

Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.— The nobleman holding this post is the 
highest judicial officer of the Crown and the first lay person after the Royal Family, 
ranking as he does between the two Archbishops. He" is created by the mere delivery of 
the Great Seal into his custody, and is nominally the appointee of the Crown, though in 
modern usage he holds office with the Government of the day. He is ex officio a Privy 
Councillor and Speaker of the House of Lords (see under that House), and issues writs 
for the assembling of Parliament. He appoints all Judges of both "Superior and 
County Courts, as well as all Justices of the Peace, and presides over the Court of 
Chancery and the Supreme Court of Judicature. He possesses a special jurisdiction over 
matters relating to charities and trusts, is visitor of royal foundations, i3atron of Crown 
livings, and guardian (through the Masters in Lunacy) of infants, idiots, and lunatics. 
The style has been accorded him of "Keeper of the King's Conscience." Till the 
time of James tlie First this post did not carry -with it an hereditary, but such 
is invariably now conferred if not already possessed. Formerly it was held by ecclesi- 
astics, especially by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Cardinal Wolsey's name occurs 
prominently in this connection, but King Henry, when bent upon overthrowing the 
Church, transferred the appointment to Sir Thoinas More. The Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland is not necessarily a Peer ; his functions, however, are similar as far as can be. 

Lord High Constable of England. — An office once hereditary but now held 
temporarily only, being granted at each Coronation to some distinguished person (in ! 
1Q02 and 191 1 the late Duke of Fife), whose duty it then became to accompany the Earl 
Marshal in the procession and daring the ceremony. 

Lord High Constable of Scotland. — This post continues to be hereditary, and is 
vested in the Earl of Erroll, who is thus entitled to walk in the Coronation procession 
caiTying a silver baton tipped with gold at each end, and beneath those tips the 
Sovereign's arms at one end and his own at the other. 

Lord High Steward. — Another office wliich (as far as England is concerned) has 
ceased to be hereditary .and is conferred by special appointment at a Coronation (in 
1911 on the Duke of Northumberland). The Peer chosen walks immediately in front of 
the Sovereign, carrymg St. Edward's Crown upon a velvet cushion ; he is attired in 
white satin and gold under-dress, with a long red mantle and ermine tippet. For his 
appointment and functions on the trial of a JPeer see as per Index. The Lord High 
Steward of Scotland is the Prince of Wales, as Duke of Rothesay (for whom the Earl of 
Crawford has 'been appointed deputy at the last two Coronations), and of Ireland the 
Earl of Shrev/sbury, who as such carries a white staff. 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. — See "Ireland"; for Counties, as below. 

Lord Mayor of London.— There had been "Mayors" of the City from 1189, but 
the earliest official document known in which the term "Lord Maj'f)r" occurs is dated 
i486. The Aldermen (26 in number) fill this post as a rule in order of seniority. The 
Lord Mayor acts as a magistrate at the Mansion House and Guildhall. He "receives 
£10,000 for his year of office, but is understood usually to expend much more than 
that in dispensing hospitality and maintaining the dignity of his post. His State 
Coach weighs over 3I tons and is drawn by six horses. For some years past he usually 
has receix'ed a baronetcy on or before retirement. 

Lord President of the Council.— The Chairman of the British Privy Council, a 
post changing with the Ministry, but regularly held by a Peer. 

g6 Introduction. 

Lord Privy Seal.— The functionary to whom the Privy Seal is entrusted. This 
must be affixed, on the warrant of the Sovereign, to charters, pardons, and other such 
documents before they are passed for the Great Seal. The post is usually held by a 
Peer, and it ranks him before all Dukes and next to the Lord President. 

Lord Steward op the Household. — The authority of this official extends over all 
officers and servants except those of the Chamber, the Chapel, and the Stables (see 
" Lord Chamberlain " and " Master of the Horse "). His office is known as the Board 
of Green Cloth. 

Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.— See " Cinque Ports. " 

Lord Warden of the Stannaries. — See "Stannaries." 

LoRDS-iN- Waiting.— Peers appointed by the King, who attend the Court in turn and 
reside at the Palace while on duty. 

Lords Lieutenant of Counties.— These are always gentlemen of high position or 
standing, but not necessarily titled. They have charge of the Sessions Rolls (styled as 
such Custodes Rotulorum), appoint Deputy Lieutenants and if needful Vice- Lieutenants, 
and recommend to the Lord Chancellor gentlemen suited to act as Justices of the 
Peace. It may be noted that in Yorkshire there is a Lord Lieutenant to each Eidmg, 
though there is a single Sheriff to the entire county. The same office is held mthe 
counties of Scotland, but in Ireland the term is "Lieutenant" only, for the obvious 
rea.son of avoiding confusion with the Viceroy. 

Lunacy Commissioners.— Of these there are one unpaid and six paid (three each 
Legal and Medical) ; also a Chairman, two Masters, and three Visitors. 

Maids of Honour.— These ladies attend upon the Queen in rotation. Upon marriage 
they resign their post. All Maids of Honour, whether appointed to a Queen-Regnant, 
a Queen-Consort, or a Queen-Dowager, bear the title of "Honourable," and this 
remains with them through hfe. 

Marines, Royal.— A body strictly Military, though attached to the Navy as a 
provision in case of close fighting upon shipboard ; formerly its Officers were Naval, but 
now they bear the regular titles of the Army. It consists of two divisions, the Royal 
Marine Artillery and the Royal Marine Light Infantry, each with its own General and 
Staff. The Royal Indian Marine is the Indian Navy. I 

Master of the Horse.— A member of the Ministry who has charge of the royal 
stables. He is the third great officer at Court, and in state processions his place is next 
behind the Sovereign. The Equerries and Pages of Honour are under his super- 

Master op the Household.— An official ranking next after the Comptroller, and 
having charge of the accounts and oversight of the servants. 

Master of the Rolls.— A Judge of the Court of Appeal ranking next after the 
Lord Chief Justice. He is officially in charge of the Public Record Office. 

Meteorological Office.- An offshoot from what was formerly the Meteorological 
Department of the Board of Trade, its principal duty being the issuing of warnings of 
expected storms at sea. It is controlled by a body of Directors appointed by the 
Royal Society, and its leading officials are the Chairman of the Council and the Marine 

Ministers Plenipotentiary. — See under " Ambassadors. " The second official at 
the Paris Embassy now always bears this title. 

Ministry.— See "Cabinet," and for complete list of the officials both within and 
without that circle see ' Whitaker's Almanack.' 

Mint, The Royal.— The great coining establishment of the British Isles and the 
Empire' generally, except that there are branches at Sydney, Melbourne, Perth 
(W. Aust.), and Ottawa, whilst in a case of urgency some of the copper coins have 
been struck off at Birmingham. The Master of the Mint is the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer for the time being. 

Mistress of the Robes.— The superintendent of the Maids of Honour and nearest 
attendant of the Queen on state occasions. A Mistress of the Robes is also at the 
head of the Ladies of tlie Household of the Queen Mother. ^ 

Moderator ok the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.— The 
appointment to this high office is made in May in each year. The Moderator is styled 
" Risht Reverend " and the Ex-Moderators " Very Reverend." 

Official Glossary. 97 

Munitions, Minister of, a distinct Cabinet office, created 1915, for the duration of 
the War. 

National Debt Commissionees. — For the appropriation of the Sinlcing Fund in 
reduction of the Debt the followinp: seven officials constitute a Coniniission : the 
Speaker, the Chancellor of tlie Exchequer, the Lord Chief Justice, the Master of the 
Rolls, the Taymaster-General, and the Governor and Deputy-Governor of the Bank 
of England. The executive head is the Controller-General. 

Nautical Almanac Office. — This is under the control of the Admiralty. The 
work is regularly published three years in advance for the benefit of ships on long 

Navy. — The Officers in the Navy, though fewer in number than in the Army, display a 
greater variety of titles. Of those Commissioned we find in the "Military" Depart- 
ment — Admirals of the Fleet, Admirals, Vice-Admirals, Rear-Admirals (these are 
styled "Flag Officers"); Commodores (a temporary appointment). Captains, Com- 
ma«ders, Lieutenant-Commanders, Lieutenants, and Sub-Lieutenants ; in the Engineer- 
ing Department — Engineer-in-Chief of the Fleet, and Engineer Rear- Admirals, Captains, 
Commanders, Lieutenants, and Sub-Lieutenants ; in the Medical Department — Director- 
General, Surgeons-General (with Deputies), Fleet Surgeons, Staff Surgeons, and 
Surgeons ; in the Pay Department— Paymasters-in-Chief, Fleet Paymasters, Staff Pay- 
masters, Paymasters, and Assistant Payma,sters, Clerks and Assistant Clerks (apart 
from those at the Admiralty) ; after these come — Chaplain of the Fleet, Chaplains, and 
Roman Catholic Chaplains; Maval Instructors. Of Warrant Officers [sovae of whom 
are also Commissioned) the list runs — Carpenter Lieutenants, Chief Gunners, Gunners, 
Chief Boatswains, Boatswains, Chief Signal Boatswains, Signal Boatswains, Chief 
Carpenters, Carpenters, Chief Artificer Engineers, Artificer Engineers, Chief School- 
masters, Head Schoohnastei-s, Head Wardmasters, Midshipmen, Clerks, and Cadets. 
Of Peitij Officers we have such of the preceding as have not obtained the full qualifica- 
tions. The obsolete post of Staff Captain in the Navy bore no resemblance to the 
position of that Officer in the Army, for instead of being allotted to superior duties he 
was rather on probation; and so with Navigating and Supplementnry Lieutenants. 
See also " Admiralty " and " Aides-de-Camp." A Table showing the relative ranks of 
Officers of the Navy and the Army is given in 'Whitaker's Almanack.' 

Ordnance Survey. — The main establishment is at Southampton, but there are 
branches at Clifton and Redland (both Bristol), Carlisle, Redhill, Shrewsbury, York, 
and Edinburgh. See under " Agriculture and Fisheries." 

Pages of Honour.— These are always youtlis connected with noble families, and 
their present duties are the attendance on the Sovereign at Court and other ceremonies. 
Tlieir number is four ; but at Coronations Peers with certain duties to perform are 
attended by their own Pages of Honour. Besides the four preceding, who belong to 
the Department of the Master of the Horse, there are enumerated under that of the 
Lord Chamberlain— Pftgres of the Back Siairs, State Pages, Pages of the Chambers, Pages 
of tiie Presence, and Men Pages. 

Patent Office. — This is presided over by a Comptroller-General, whose chief 
assistants are the Registrar of Designs and the Chief Examiner. The staff of 
subordinates is very numerous. 

Paymaster-General's Department.— A distinctly Civil office, the function of which 
is the remuneration of the work of the Civil Service and Government Departments 
generally. The Assistant Paymaster-General would appear to perform the bulk of 
the duties, as his superior is unpaid. 

Peculiars, Court of.— This Court, if it still possesses any more than a nominal 
existence, has the charge of some 13 "Peculiar Benefices," which lie within the London 
Diocese but were not till recently under the jurisdiction of the Bishop. The Chapel 
Royal of the Savoy is still a Royal Peculiar. 

Physicians and Surgeons to the King.— Of these there is a large staff entered 
imder the Royal Household (as per 'Whitaker's Almanack'), and in addition His 
Majesty has his Physicians and Surgeons in Ordinary in Scotland and Ireland, and 
his Honorary Physicians and Surgeons in both the Navy and Army. 

Post Office, General.— The work of this great Department comprises the four 
divisions of postal work proper, telegraphs and telephones, money orders, and savings 
banks and insurance. The penny post came into operation on Jan. 10, 1840, and the 
number of letters and other packages delivered has continued to rise till it now reaches 


98 Introduction. 

much over three thousand millions per annum, yielding a profit to the State of about 
four million pounds. The Department is controlled by the Postmaster-General, who is 
a member of the Ministry and of one of the two Houses of Parliament : with him are 
an Assistant Postmaster-Genei'al, the Secretarjr, the Second and six Assistant 
Secretaries, and Controllers, Superintendents, Examiners, &x;., in one or other of the 
branches of the establishment. 

Premier or Prime Minister. — The head of the Government of the day and the 
intermediary between tlie Cabinet and the Crown. He appoints not only his own 
Ministers, but all officials coming under the patronage of the Crown, ecclesiastics 
included. No salary is attached to this office as such, so that he always holds some 
other in addition, usually that of First Lord of the Treasury. He has lately been 
granted precedence next to the Archbishop of York. 

President of the Council. — See "Lord President." 

Privy Purse. — See ''Keeper." 

Privy Seal.— See "Lord Privy Seal." There is also a Keeper of the Privy Seal in 
the Duchy of Cornwall. 

Probate, Court of. — See under "Lord Chief Justice." 

Public Buildings.— See "Works." 

Quartermaster. — A regimental officer, always appointed* from the~ranks, who has 
special charge of Transport and Supply. The Quartermaster-General (Q.M.G.) has 
superintendence of this bi'anch for the entire Force (British and Indian being distinct), 
whilst under the various local or other divisions there are appointed successively the 
Deputy Quartermaster-General, the Assistant Quartermaster-General, and the Deputy 
Assistant Quartermaster-General. 

•Record Office, The Public— This office dates its foundation from the reign of 
Henry the First. The Keei^er of the Kecords is the Master of the Rolls, and he has 
his Deputy and Assistants. 

Registrar-General, The.— The General Register Office is presided over by this 
functionary, with whom are a Chief Clerk, Superintendent of Statistics, &c. The 
Census Office forms a special bmnch. For Scotlami Uiere are the Lord Clerk Register, 
the Keeper of the Records, and the Registrar-General with subwdinates. 

Royal Company of Archers.— The King's Body Guard for Scotland, its Captain- 
General being one of the Gold Sticks. 

Royal Flying Corps.— See "Air Board." 

Royal Irish Constabulary.— The Military Police of the sister kingdom, numbering 
in all some 10,500. They are armed with rifle, sword, and pistol, and their often- 
proved fidelity was recognised in 1867 by the alteration to the above of their former 
title, " The Constabulary of Ireland." They are under an Inspector-General. 

Royal Warrant Holders.— Tradesmen who, being accustomed to supply the Royal 
Household, have received a warrant entitling them to use the Royal Arms. 

Salford Hundred Court of Record.— A local registry which has existed from 
Anglo-Saxon times and been allowed to remain from respect for its antiquity. 

Sasine Office. — An office in Edinburgh for the registration of title-deeds. Sasine, 
or infeftment, was formerly a symbolical ceremony, but the mere registration is all 
that is now required. 

Schools —See " Colleges." 

Scotland, Committee of Council on Education in.— A body which, as consti- 
tuted in 1909, consists of the Lord President of the Council, the Secretary for Scotland, 
Lord Shaw, the First Lord of the Treasury, the Secretary for War. the Lord Advocate, 
the Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, and Lord Reay. 

Scotland, Lord High Constable of. — See " Lord High Constable." 

Scotland, Secretary for.— The member of the Government who has charge of all 
Scottish affairs, except such as pertain to the Lord Advocate. 

Sergeant8-at-Arms.— Officials who walk before the Sovereign on state occasions 
bearing maces of silver-gilt ; they wear silver collars marked " SS." (see under "Officers 
of Arms," page 81). The Sergeants-at-Arms in the Houses of Lords and Commons 
have charge of the exclusion of intruders and the apprehending of persons committed 
by order of the House. 

Official Glossary. 99 

Session, Court of. — The most important judicial body in Scotland. It is divided 
into an Inner and an Outer House, of which the former has two subdivisions styled 
First and Second and presided over respectively by the Lord Justice-General (who is ^ 
also Lord President of the entire Court of Session) and the Lord Justice-Clerk ; the ' 
Outer House has no special President, but its five Judges are styled Permanent Lords 
Ordinarv. In each Division of the Inner House there are four Judges (including the [ 
Presidents), and the entire body of Judges, together with the Lord Advocate and j 
SoHcitor-General for Scotland, constitute the High Court of Justiciary. Every Judge 
of either House, and also the Chairman of the Scottish Land Court, has the bench-title 
! of "Lord" (equivalent to the English "Lord Justice," but implying no peerage rank 
! though the wife is now to be styled "Lady"— see page 25) : in a few instances this is 
I prefixed to a title which is not the surname, but all who are neither Peers nor Privy | 
i Councillors take the designation "Hon." instead of "Rt. Hon." _ | 

Sheriffs of Counties.— These gentlemen are in the first place nominated, on the 
Morrow of St. Martin (Nov. 12) in each year, by the Lord Chancellor, the Lord 
President of the Council, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the body of Judges (or 
some of them), when three names for each county are selected and passed to the 
I Sovereign, by whom, on the Day of the Purification (Feb. 2), one of these three, 
presumably the first, is definitely appointed by the ceremony of "pricking" or 
punching the parchment against the name chosen. The Slierififs in England and Ire- 
land (conventionally known as "High Sheriffs") are responsible for the due carrying 
out of the judgments of Courts, including sentences of death, and they have po\yer to 
compel any person to assist them in arresting a felon. In Scotland "Sheriffs Principal," 
liaving their deputies, "Sheriffs Substitute," carry out the duties performed m England 
.'ind Wales by County Court Judges and Chairmen of Quarter Sessions. 

Sheriffs of the City of London.— These are chosen annually by the citizens, the 
election taking place on Midsummer Day, and their entry into office at Michaelmas. 
They usually obtain a knighthood. Till 1888 they were Sheriffs of "London and 

Signet, Writers to the.— The Signet Office is a branch of the General Eegister 
House in Edinburgh, and the Duke of Montrose is the Keeper of the Signet. 
Its certificated wiiters have passed a legal examination and constitute as such a high 
rank in that profession ; they are authorised to append " W.S." to their names. 

Silver Sticks.— The Lieutenant-Colonels of the Household Cavalry Regiments act 
in this office as attendants for a month each in rotation. The origin of the office was 
coincident with that of tlie Gold Sticks, Charles the Second having presented a silver- 
headed staff to the second Officer of the Life Guards. 

I Solicitor-General.— The second legal adviser of the Crown, in position and duties 
similar to the Attorney- General ; a member of the Ministry and of the House of Com- 
mons, and always knighted. There are Solicitors-General for Scotlorui and Ireland, 
but these are not knighted as such, nor is it even peremptory that ihey should be 
Members of Parliament. 

Somerset House.— The headquarters of the Inland Revenue Office (q.v.), of the 
l/'robate and General Registry, and the Licensing Department. 

Speaker of the House of Cojimons. — The chairman and controller of the 
proceedings of the House. He is elected by the votes of the Members, practically 
therefore by the party which is in majority at the time, but when once elected he is 
usually accepted by both sides, and thus continues iu office till he voluntarily retires : 
j when this takes place he has latterly received a Viscounty. At each new Parliament, 
j however (not each session), he has to undergo re-election. He does not take part in 
I the debates, nor give his vote unless a casting vote is required— thus being altogether 
I in a different position from that of the Lord Chancellor in the Lords. He has, besides 
1 his salary of £5000, a furnished residence contiguous to the House, and he ranks in the 
scale of Precedence next after the Barons. 

! Standard Bearer, Hereditary.— For England, Scotland, and Ireland this offict 
(at Coronations) was allotted by the Court of Claims respectively to Frank S. Dymoke 
Esq., Henry Scrymgeour Wedderburn, Esq., and The O'Conor Don. 

Stannaries.— The Stannary Courts of Cornwall and Devon were established for the 
administration of justice among the miners of those counties, there having existed 
some peculiar usages and regulations amongst them. The Lord Warden presided over 
these Courts, or in his absence one of the Vice-Wardens, of whom there was one for each 
of the two counties. They are now modified into ordinary county courts, but the Lord 

loo Introduction. 

Warden retains his titular designation and is principal officer of the Duchy of Cornwall 
and first member of the Council of the Prince of Wales. See " Cornwall, Duchy of." 

Stationery Office.— The establishment which prints and supplies books and paper 
connected with Government proceedings. Its Controller is King's Printer. 

Surgeons to the King.— See "Physicians." 

Teinds, Lord Ordinary of. — A Judge of the Court of Session who is specially 
allotted the jurisdiction affecting " teinds " (tithes). The Judges of the entire Inner 
Houses are Lords Commissioners for Teinds. 

Thames Conservancy Board. — Part of the duties of this Board have been taken 
over by the new Port of London Authority. It retains the oversight of the Upper 
River. The Conservators now number 38, and they are appointed severally by the 
Admiralty, the Board of Trade, Trinity House, the City Corporation, the Metropolitan 
Water Board, and the County Councils and County Boroughs of localities adjacent 
to the river fi'om its source to its mouth : a few also are chosen by owners of sailing 
craft, wharfingers, &c. 

Tower, Constable of the.— Both this officer (the Governor), the Lieutenant and 
the Major hold their posts by patent from the Crown. 

Trade, Board op. — Several high Officers of State are iipon this Board, but it is 
practically controlled by its President and Parliamentary Secretary. It lias the over- 
sight of matters connected with railways, shipping, water and gas, companies, weights 
and measures, bankruptcy, and trade and labour in general, wliilst it also collects 
statistics on matters respecting revenue, commerce, populati(m, and whatever else falls 
under its care. Besides the above two officers there are a Permanent Secretary and 
Assistant Secretaries to the respective departments of Harbours, Marine, Fmance, and 
Railways, a Controller-General of the Commercial Department, an Inspector-General 
in Bankruptcy, a Chief Inspecting Officer of Railways, a Chief of the London Traffic 
Branch, with numerous subordinates. There is a separate Board for Ireland. 

Treasurer of the Household.— The officer next below the Lord Steward, and his 
deputy in his absence. 

Treasury, Commissioners of.— These are the First Lord, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, and the four Junior Lords. See following. The Depa7'tment comprises the 
Financial, Patronage, Permanent, and Assistant Secretaries, with the Solicitor, Pai-lia- 
nientary Counsel, and numerous subordinates, for whom see ' Whitaker's Almanack.' 

Treasury, First Lord of.— A practically sinecure office which has been most 
frequently borne by the otherwise unpaid Premier, or sometimes by some other Leader 
of the Commons. 

Trinity House. — This is an association of five maritime societies, located at London, 
Hull, Newcastle, Leith, and Dundee, and devoting their attention to such subjects as 
pilotage, lighthouses, and beacons. It dates from 1512, and is stated to have an annual 
income of £300,000. The Corporation of the London Trinity House consists of 13 
acting Elder Brethren and 11 Honorary ditto, with an unlimited number of _ Younger 
Brethren, who may be described as in statu pupillari, whilst the Elders exercise all the 
duties and fill up vacancies in their ranks from those of the Youngers, these having all 
belonged to the naval service or the mercantile marine. The 13 include a Master 
(the Duke of Connaught) and Deputy-Master ; by Royal Warrant in 1912 they were 
granted the style of " Captain " with precedence next after Captains in the Navy. 

Under Secretaries of State. — To each Secretary there are attached both a 
Parliamentary and a Permanent Under Secretary, the former going out of office on a 
change of Government. 

Usher of the White Rod of Scotland, — This post it was decided at the Coronation 
of King Edward attaches by right to the Walker Trustees. 

Viceroy of India. — Since the transfer in 1858 of the Government of India to the 
Crown, a Governor-General has been the chief executive authority, and his tenure of 
office is usually for five years. His procedure is subject to the control of the Secretary 
of State in England. He has an Executive Council consisting of five official members 
besides himself and the Commander-in-Chief, and a wider Legislative Council which 
comprises the preceding with several additional members, both European and Native. 
If this Council meets in one of the Provinces other than Bengal, the Governor or 
Lieutenant-Governor of that Province is added. 

Viceroy of Ireland.— See "Lord Lieutenant." 

War, Secretary of State for.— Formerly this official was styled Secretary-at-War, 
and he was subordinate to the Home Secretary. In 1794 a Secretary of State for 

Official Glossary — Orders in Evening Dress. loi 

War was appointed to manage all military business, and in 1801 he was given the 
control of the Colonies. In 1854 the Secretary of State for War was relieved^ of 
Colonial business, and a fourth Secretary of State was appointed for the Colonies. 
The Secretary always belongs to the Cabinet, but may be chosen from either Hoi\se. 
For particulars of War Office staff, &c., see Whitaker's Almanack. 

Warden.— See "Lord Warden." 

Warders of the Tower.— See "Yeomen of the Guard." 

Warrant Holders.— See "Royal Warrant Holders." 

Warrant Officers. — The term is used in both the Navy and Arrny, and includes 
obtain ranks intermediate between Commissioned and Non-commissioned. In itself 
the term implies that the appointment has been made by warrant from a superior or a 
department instead of by commission. 

Women of the Bedchamber.— See ".Bedchamber," where the distinction between 
"Women " and " Ladies " of this service is noticed. 

Woods, Forests, &c., Commissioners of. — The Land Revenues of the Crown are 
now under this Board. It has a Branch Office in Dublin. 

Woolsack.— Tlie seat of the Lord Chancellor in the House of Lords, placed in front 
of the 'i'hi'one. Its origin is stated to be that when the export of wool was forbidden, 
in tlie reign of Elizabeth, the texture in question was thus dignified in token of its 
importance to the natioiml jn-osperity. 

Works and Public Buildings, Commissioners of.— These officials consist of a 
First Commissioner, the five Secretaries of State, and the President of the Board of 
Trade ; but obviously, as in similar instances, the First Commissioner is the executive 
controller and tlie others are a considtative committee ^yhen so required. Their 
functions are the charge of the Government woiks, public buildings, and parks. 

Yeomen of the Guard.— The English Body Guard of the Sovereign in conjunction 
with the Gen tlemen-at- Arms. Their quaint costume (in which they are known as 
Beef-eatera) consists of a red tunic faced with blue and gold, red breeches and stockings, 
a broad-brimmed dark blue hat, waist and shoulder belts, knee-bows, shoe rosettes, 
white mufi's, &c. Their Captain is a Peer, the Lieutenant must have been a Lieut.- 
Colonel in-the Army, and their Ensign a Major ; there are also a Clerk of the Cheque 
and four Exons (a word corrupted from the French sound of " exempt," i.e., an officer 
who had once been, but was no longer, in the Garde du i^orps). They attend the 
Sovereign only. The Warders of the Touwr are similar in attire except that tliey omit 
the cross-belt : they are also known as Beef -eaters, but are a body totally distinct. As 
to^this terra of " Beef-eater" it is questioned whether it is a corruption of the French 
hiiffetier (a buffet-keeper) or a slang designation from their portly appearance. 


1. At all Parties and Dinners when any member of the Royal Family is present, 
Riband, Stars, and Miniature Decorations and Medals will be worn. 

2. At all Parties and Dinners given in the houses of Ambassadors and Ministers 
accredited to this country, Riband, Stars, and Miniature Decorations and Medals will 
be worn. The decoration of the country concerned should be worn in preference to the 
English (me, and if both are worn, the former should take precedence of the latter. 

3. On Official occasions at the house of a Lord Lieutenant of the County within his 
county, and at all parties and dinners given by the Lord Mayor at the Mansion House 
and Guildhall, Riband, Stars, and Miniature Decorations and Medals will be worn. 

4. At all Parties and Dinners of an official nature given in the houses of Cabinet 
Ministers, Ex-Cabinet Ministers, Knights of the Garter, Thistle, or St. Patrick, or 
Great Officers of the Household, Stars, not Riband, will be worn. 

The expression " Stars, not Riband," means :— 
For Knights— Grand Cross, Stars, no Riband. 

For Members of the Order of Merit— Badge and Riband round the neck. 
For Knights Commanders — Stars, no Badge round the neck. 
For C.V.O.'s— Badi;e and Riband round the neck. 
For all Classes— Miniature Decorations and Medals. 


5. At all Official Dinners and Receptions, including those of the City Livery 
Companies and City Corporations, Regimental Dinners, Official Naval Dinners, and 
all Public Dinners given in aid of Charitable Institutions, Stars, not Riband, will be 

6. At unofficial Dinner Parties or Evening Receptions in private houses. Knights of 
the Garter, Thistle, or St. Patrick should wear a Star only. 

7. These are the only occasions on which Decorations and Medals will be worn in 
Evening Dress. 


*»• For Conclusions of Letters see near the end of Bection. 

Admiral. — The title and name only, any other 
ascription following the office thus : " Vice- 
Admiral Lord A.," " Rear- Admiral the Earl of 
C." (or "the Hon. C. D."). 80 with other Naval 
and 3IilUary Officers, q.v. 

Alderman. —If of London, and having passed 
the chair, officially addressed " Eight Worship- 
ful ; " in all other cases " Worshipful." 

Ambassador. — " Your Excellency " (but a 
Duke "Your Grace ") , " His Excellency Sir Y. Z., 
H.B.M.'s Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to the Court of R." (but see Envoy 
or Minister for any lower rank). Wife, no title. 

Archbishop. — " My Lord Archbishop," " Your 
Grace," " His Grace the Lord Archbishop of C. ; " 
in formal addresses "The Most Reverend Father 
in God, Jolin, by Divine Providence, Archbishop 
of Canterbury;" elsewhere, "by Divine Permis- 
sion." (The Abp. of Armagh is in Ireland styled 
"His Grace the Lord Primate of All Ireland.") 
Wife, no title (nor precedence). 

Auchdeacon. — "Venerable Sir," "Sir" (in 
repeating), "The Venerable^A. B.," or "The 
Venerable the Archdeacon of *C." 

Baron.—" My Lord/' " Your Lordship," " The 
Right Hon. Lord A." Baroness, "Madam," 
"Your Ladyship," "The Right Hon. Lady A." 
(but "Baroness A." if the title is inher own right). 
The term "My Lady" is relegated to servants, 
and even " The Right Hon." is usually cut down 
to " The Lady A." (no Christian name), the word 
" The " being understood as a substitute for " Et. 
Hon." and distinguishing a Baron's Lady or the 
daughter of a Peer from the wife of a Baronet or 
Knight. See also at end of Duke. Son or 
daughter, " Sir," or " Madam," "The Hon. C. D." 
Son's wife, " The Hon. Mrs. D." (of eldest son of 
present Peer) or "The Hon. Mrs. John D.," 
unless her o-\vn rank is higher, in which case attend 
to Note on " Man-iage of Peeresses," at pp. 29-31. 

Baronet. — "Sir" ("Dear Sir Thomas" is 
common, but without the surname it is rather 
too familiar to be used by inferiors), " Sir 
T. A., Baronet" (" Bt." prefened to "Bart."). 
Note the remarks appended on p. 58. Wife, 
"Madam," "' Your Ladyship," " Lady A." (with- 
out any Chi'istian name unless she is a Lady 
by buth, as daughter of a Duke, Marquess, or 
Earl, in which case "The Lady Mary A. ;" if 
daughter of a Viscount or Baron, " The Hon. 
Lady A.;" otherwise "Lady A." without 
"The "—see preceding paragraph). For widow, 
see under Dowager Ladies. Son or daughter as 

Bishop.— "My Lord," "Your Lordship," " The 
Fight Reverend the Lord Bishop of D. ;" formally. 

" The Right Reverend Father in God, John, by 
Divine Permission Lord Bishop of D." Wife as 
a commoner. Colonial Bps. the tame, and so also 
by courtesy Bishops Suffragan, and Irish, Scottish, 
American, and even 3lissionart/ Bps., unless they 
are known to object to the word "Lord" (this 
word requires address by the diocese and not the 
surname). Retired Bishop, " The Right Reverend 
Bishop A." (the surname), but "My Lord." 
The Bishop of Jleath takes the style of " Most 

Canon.—" Reverend Sir," "Sir" (in repeating), 
" The Reverend Canon B." 

Cardinal.— " Your Eminence," "His Eminence 
Cardinal B." (or " H. E. Joseph, Cardinal B."). 

Clergymen.— " Reverend Sir," "Sir," "The 
Rev. E. F.," "The Rev. Lord F." If an 
" Honourable," " The Rev. the Hon." (so " Right 
Rev. the Hon.," " Rev. Canon the Hon."), better 
than " Hon. and Rev.," though this latter form 
is far more common, even among those in a 
position supposed to know. In the Gazette we 
sometimes find the form "The Rev. and Hon." 

Companions of Knighthood. — No distinc- 
tion : " E. F., Esq., C.B." 80 with a C.V.O. 

Consul.— "B. C, Esq., H.B.M.'s Consul at D." 

Countess. — See Earl. 

Courtesy Lords. — Eldest sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and Earls, precisely as if their own title 
was that of an actual Peerage. For other -sons, 
see under Duke &c. 

Dean.— "Very Reverend Sir," "Mr. Dean," 
" Sir " (in repeating), " The Very Rev. the Dean 
of B." But a Dean ought not to be addressed as 
Dean with his stimame. 

DivoRCftES.— In the absence, in this country, of 
any fixed custom it is impossible to lay down here 
hard and fast rules as to how ladies thus unfortu- 
nately situated should be addressed. On the whole, 
illogical though it seems, the most usual practice 
is to make no change whatever. Untitled ladies 
sometimes prefer to resume their maiden names, 
usually with the prefix "Mrs." instead of " Miss," 
but in cases where a title of any kind has been 
acquired by marriage it is exceedingly rare to 
find any disposition to discontinue it. Moreover 
it was actually laid down in the Cowley case that 
the retention of the title and name of a former 
husband cannot be interfered with by a Court of 
Law. Of course nobody can claim precedence 
derived from a marriage v/hich has been annulled. 

Dowager Ladies. — Directions for the correct 
use of the term " Dowager " or its substitute will 
be found under "Peers' Widows" on page 31. 
The forms of address will then be euch as " The 

Modes of Addressing Pe7-sons of Title. 


Most Hon. Maria, Marchioness of A.," "The 
Eight Hon. the Dowager Lady B.," "Her Grace 
the Do-wager Duchess of C," or with a Baronetess, 
"The Dowager Lady D." (the article here seems 
indispensable and does not do duty for " Et. 
Hon.," as in the case cited under Baron), 
or "Emily, Lady E." A Knnjht's widow suffers 
no change of title, for there can be neither 
Dowagers nor confusion between mother and 
wife where there is no hereditary succes- 
sion ; still (as stated p. 27) a Christian name can 
be prefixed to ' ' Lady ' ' when there are more 
than one of the same surname. There appears to 
be no settled practice as to whether the word 
" Dowager " shall precede or follow the essential 
term of honour. We once even met with an 
advertisement commencing " Dowager the Lady 
H. wUl gladly," &c. 

Duke. — "My Lord Duke," "Your Grace," 
" His Grace [or " The Most Noble "] the Duke of 
A. ; " formally. " My Lord Duke, May it please 
YourGrace." i)«c7?p.s5, "Madam," " Youi'Grace," 
" Her Grace the Duchess of A." For widow, see 
under Dowager Ladies. Eldest son and his wife 
addressed by the courtesy-title, and precisely as if 
it was a genuine Marquessate or Earldom as the 
style may be (for the children of these, see imder 
"Courtesy Titles," p. 28, and again address pre- 
cisely as if their father was an actual Marquess 
or Earl). Younger son, "My Lord," "Youi' 
Lordship," " The Lord Henry C." Daughter, 
"Madam," "Your Ladyship," "The Lady 
Sophia C. ; " so younger son's wife, but "The 
Lady Henry C." unless herself a Duke's 
daughter, when "The Lady Sophia" wUl again 
be coi-rect. For the sta,tas of married daughters oi 
Dukes and other Peers, see art. on pp. 29-31. Tlie 
prefix " Eight Honourable " is by courtesy 
assigned to younger sons and all daughters of 
Dukes and Marquesses, and to the daughters of 
Earls {i.e., to those taking the title "Lord "or 
"Lady";, but it is seldom used in any of these 
cases; the substitution of "The" is, however, 
imperative, but still only by courtesy. 

Earl. — "My Lord," "Your Lordship," "The 
Eight Hon. the Earl of A." Countess accordingly, 
but see Baroness. Eldest son and any daughter as 
under Duke (with necessary conformation) ; 
younger son as Baron's son. 

Empbeoe. — " Sire," " Your Imperial Majesty." 

Envoy.— "A.B., Esq., H.B.M.'s Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
Com-tof B." 

Foreign Peer. — Only the article " The." But 
Cftnadian, " Et. Hon.," and see "Maltese." 

General.— See Admiral. 

Governor of a Colony. — "His Excellency Sir 
A. B., the Governor of D." (if a Duke "His 
Grace"); " His Excellency Governor B." Wife, 
"Her Excellency" (if she resides in the Colony). 

Irish Ancient Title-holder. — Titles Like 
" The 0'Donog;hue " are complete without " Mr." 
or " Esq." Wives are addressed as " Madam." 

Judge op a County Court and of City of 
London Court. — "Sir," "Your Honour" (on the 
bench), " His Honour Judge A." (but not after 
retirement) . 

Judge op Superior Court. — " Sir." "My 
Lord" (on bench), "The Hon. (Sir) Henry B." 
(not after retirement). If a Peer, address as such. 

Justice of the Peace. —Oflicially, "Your 
Worship," " The Worshipful." 

King. — "Your Majesty," "The King's Most 
Excellent Majesty." Commence "Sire," or, 
" May it please Your Majesty." 

King's Counsel.— "A. B., Esq., K.C." 

Knight.— As Baronet, substituting for "Bt." 
the correct initials, and if a Knight Bachelor, 
omitting any aihx, though ' ' Knight ' ' is appended 
in foi-mal stj'le. iri/e also as Baronet's. For a 
widow, see under Dowager Ladies. 

Knight of the Garter, Thistle, or St. 
Patrick. — A Peer bearing either of these titles 
should have the respective initials appended to 
his name— in fact, the initials of any Order. 

Lord Advocate.—" Sir," " The Right Honour- 

Lord of Appeal. -t-As other Barons. So wife, 
and now so children also. 

Lord Chancellor. — "My Lord," "Your 
Lordship," "The Eight Hon. the Lord High 

Lord Chief Justice. — Similarly, but "The 
Et. Hon. the Lord Chief Justice of England." 

Lord High Commissioner (Scotland). — "Your 
Grace," "His Grace the Lord High Commis- 
sioner of the General Assembly of the Church of 

Lord Justice of Appeal. — "My Lord," 
"Sir," "The Eight Hon. Lord Justice E." (or 
"Sir William E.").— Distinguish "Lord of Ap- 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. — "His Excel- 
lency ["Grace," if a Duke— so Ulster's book of 
Eules] the Lord Lieutenant," and according to 
rank. Wife, " Her Excellency " (see " Precedence 
among Ladies"). 

Lord May'or. — " My Lord," " Your Lordship," 
"The Eight Hon. the Lord Mayor of B." (no 
distinction retained after retiring). Wife, "The 
Right Hon. the Lady Mayoress," and as Baroness. 

Lord Provost. — "My Lord;" in Edinburgh 
and Glasgow, "The Eight Hon. the Lord Pro- 
vost." Wife as commoner. 

Lord of Session (Scotland). — "My Lord," 
" Your Lordship," "The Hon. Lord A." Wife, 
"Madam," " Your Ladysliip," " Lady A." 

Magistrate. — See Justice. 

Maid of Honour. — "Madam," "The Hon. 
Alice B." (not "Hon. Miss" in any case). 

Maltese Noble (of any rank).— "My Lord," 
" Your Lordship " or " Ladyship," " The Most 
Noble the Baron B." 

Marquess. — "My Lord Marquess," "My 
Lord," "Your Lordship," "The Most Hon. the 
Marquess of A." (avoiding the common error of 
" Most Noble ") . Marchioness, " Madam," " Your 
Ladyship," "The Most Hon.," &c. So?is &c., 
see under Duke, treating the heir's title as a 
genuine Earldom or Viscounty. 

Master (Scottish).—" The Hon. the Master of," 
and as Barons' sons. Wife, " The Hon. Mrs. A." 
(seep. 31). 

Master of the Rolls.-" Sir," " My Lord" 
or "Your Lordship" (on bench), "The Right 
Honourable." (Is not a Lord Justice.) 

Mayor.—" Sir," " The Worshipful the Mayor 
of D.," in a few cities "Eight Worshipful." 
Wife, no distinction. 

Members of Colonial Ministries &c. (see p. 
27).—" The Honourable." Wife, no distinction. 



Member of Paeliament. — No distinction as 
such beyond the letters "M.P.," which follow 
"Esq.," "Bt.," &c., when these occur. 

Minister Abroad. — " Sir," "A. B., ESq., 
H.B.M.'s Minister" (or " Minister Resident"). 
See Ambassadors and Envoy. 

Moderator of General Assembly (Scotland). 
— " Eight Reverend Sir." " The Ripht Reve- 
rend." Ex-Moderator—" Very Reverend." 

Officers, Naval and Military.— See under 
Admiral. Lieutenants in the Ai-my and Sub- 
Lieutenants in the Navy are addressed as 
"Esquire," affixing R.A., R.E., R.N., &c., when 
con-ect. When the prefix " Honourable " occurs 
there is not even in practice the same Licence as 
under Clergymen, but the arrangement must be 
"Capt. the Hon.," as "Hon. Capt." implies 
" Honoraiy Captain." 

Premier.— According to rank, adding after the 
name, " Head of His Majesty's Government." 

Primus of Episcopalian Church (Scotland).— 
" Most Reverend Sir," " The Most Reverend the 
Lord Biahop of C." (or " Most Rev. Bishop A."). 

Prince OR Princess.—" Yoiu- Royal Highness," 
" His [Her] Royal Highness Prince [Prin- 
cess] A." (or "the Duke [Duchess] of B."). 
Commence "Sir," or " Madam." 

Principal of a Scottish College. — "Very 
Reverend " (if in orders) . 

Privy Councillor. — " Right Honourable " (un- 
less a Duke or Marquess). Commence "Sir" 
(unless holding rank) . Wife, as commoner. 

Queen.— "Your Majesty," "The Queen's 
Most Excellent Majesty." Commence "Madam," 
or formally, " May it please Your Majesty." 

Recorder.— "Sir," "Your "Worship," "The 
Worshipful ; " but in London, " Right Worship- 

Secretary of State.—" His Majesty's Prin- 
cipal Secretary of State for the H. Department," 
prefixing rank, if any. 

Sbrjeant-at-Law.— " Mr. Serjeant A." 

Sheriff oj' London. — As Recorder of ditto. 

Speaker.— "The Right Honourable the 

Viscount.— " The Right Hon. Viscount [or 
"Lord Viscount"] A.," otherwise as a Baron. 
Viscountess, "The Right Hon. the Viscountess A." 
Sim or daughter, precisely as under Baron. 

Widows.— See Dowager Ladies. 

Conclusions of Letters. — As these are too 
lengthy for general insertion in individual cases 
as above, we may here present a few examples : 

Prince. ~''l remain. Sir, with the greatest 
respect. Your Royal Highness's most dutiful and 
most obedient servant." 

Duke or Archbishop.— '^1 have the honour to 
be, My Lord Duke [Archbishop], Your Grace's 
most obedient and humble servant." 

Other Peer.—"1 have the honour to be, My 
Lord [My Lord Marquess, My Lord Bishop], 
Your Lordship's obedient and humble servant." 
So a Lord Mayor. 

Peer's Son or Daughter.— It styled "Lord" or 
"Lady," "I have the honoirr to be, My Lord 
[Madam], Your Lordship's [Ladyship's] most 
obedient and humble servant." If "Honourable," 
"I have the honour to be. Sir [Madam], your 
ofcedient servant." So a Baronet, Knight, or Judge. 

Archdeacon. — "I have the honour to be, 
Venerable Sir, your very obedient servant." So 
Dean, but "Very Reverend Sir, your most 
obedient servant." 

Clergyman. — "lam. Reverend Sir, your obedient 

Addresses to Boards, Corporations, &c. — 
The following notes may be of service : 

Boards of Commissioners (if Lords, see Lords 
Commissioners, below). Sanitary, and School 
Boards, County Councils, &c., may be addressed as 
" The Honourable." 

City Companies. — " The Worshipful." 

Oen. Assembly of Church of Scotland.— "The 

House of Commons. — " The Honourable the 
Commons of Great Britain and Ireland in Parlia- 
ment assembled." 

House of Lords. — "The Right Honoui-able the 
Peers Spiritual and Temporal of," &c., as 

Inns of Court.— "The Honoiu-able Society of 
Gray's Inn." 

Lords Commissioners. — "The Right Honour- 

Presbyteries. — "The Reverend." 

Provincial Synods (Scotland).— " The Very 


Army and Navy, 36-39 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Arthur's, 69 St. James's St., S.W. 

Athenceum, 107 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Bachelors', n-i2 Hamilton Place, Piccadilly, W. 

Badminton, 100 Piccadillv, W. 

Bath, 34 Dover Street, W. 

Boodle'.'i, 28 St. James's St., S.W. 

Brooks's, 60 St. James's St., S.W. 

Caledonian, 33 St. James's 8q., S.W. 

Carlton, 94 Pall MaU, S.W. 

Cavalry, 127 Piccadilly, W. 

Cocoa Tree, 64 St. James's St., S.W. 

Conservative, 74 St. James's St., S.W. 

Constitutional, Northumberland Avenue, W.C. 

Devonshire, 50 St. James's St., S.W. 

East India United Service, 16 St. James's Sq., S.W. 

Guards', 70 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Isthmian, 105 Piccadilly, W. 

Junior Athenwum, n6 Piccadilly, W. 

Junior Carlton, 30-35 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Junior Conservative, 4 Grafton St., W. 

Junior Constitutional, 101 Piccadilly, W. 

Junior Nav. and Mil., 96 Piccadilly, W. 

Junior United Service, 11 Charles St., St. James'i 

Marlborough, 52 Pall Mall, S.W. 
National, 12 Queen Anne's Gate. S.W. 
National Liberal, Victoria St.. S.W. 
Naval and Military, 94 Piccadilly, W. 
New University, 57 St. James's St., S.W. 
Oriental, i8 Hanover Sq., W. 
Orleans, 29 King St., St. James's, S.W. 

London Clubs — Cautions as to Spelling, &€. 


Oxford and Camhridqe Cn/y., 71-76 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Seform, 104 Pall Mall, S.W. 

Riiyal Societies, 63 St. James's St., S.W. 

lioyal Thames Yacht, 80 Piccadilly, W. 

St. James's, 106 Piccadilly, W. 

St. Stephen's, 1 Bridge St., Westminster, S.W. 

Savage, 6 Adelphi Terrace, W.C. 

Saoile, 107 Piccadilly, W. 

Sports, 8 St. James's Square, S.W. 

Thatched House. 86 St. James's St., S.W. 

Travellers', 106 Pall MaU, S.W. 

Turf, 85 Piccadilly, W. 

U7tion, Trafalgar Square, S.W. 

Uiiited Service, n6 PaU MaU, S.W. 

United University,! Suffolk St., PallMall Bast, S.W. 

Wellington, 1 Qrosvenor Place, S.W. 

White's, 37 St. James's St., S.W. 

Windham, 13 St. James's Sq., S.W. 


Beware of confounding the following groups : 
Aberdare, Bn., and Aberdoui', Ld. 
Addington, Bn., and Haddington, E. 
Alington and Allerton, Bns. 
Amherst, E., and Amherst of Hackney, Bness. 
Annaly, Bn., and Annesley. E. 
Arbuthnott, V.. and Arbuthnot. Bt. and Kt. 
Axrmdel ami Surrey and Arundell of Wardoiir. 
Ashbumham, E., and Ashburton, Bn. 
Ashton, Ashton of Hyde and Ashtown, Bns. 
Barrington, V., Carrington, E., and Harring- 
ton, E. 
Beaumont, Bnss.. and Bowmont, M. 
Bessborough, E., and Desborough, Bn. [Bhi;h. 
Bligh, surn. of E. of Damley, and Blyth. of Bn. 
Brooke, Ld., and Brooks (Crawshaw), sum. 
Buchan, E., and Buchanan, M. 
Burghclere, Bn., and Burghersh, Ld. 
Burghley, Ld., and Burleigh, Master, son of Ld. 

Balfour of Burleigh. 
Camden, M., and Campden, V. 
Carleton, Bn. (E. of Shannon), and Carlton, V. 

(E. of Whamcliffej. 
Can-ington, E., and Carington, uncle's surname. 
Castlestewart, E., Stuart, V. , and Stuart of Castle 

Stuart, Bn. 
Clandeboye and Claneboye, both M. of Duiferin. 
Clanmaiuice, V., and Clanmorris, Bn. 
Clifden, V., CUfton, Ld. and Bnss., Clinton, Bn. 
Chfford of Chudleigh and De Clifford, Bns. 
Cobham, V., and Cobham, Bn. 
Coddington and Codrington, Bts. 
Courtenay, Ld., and Courtney of Pen with, Bn. 
Cm-zon, v., and Curzon of Kedleston, E. 
Delamere and Deramore, Bns. 
Desart and Dysart, Earls. 
Downe, V., and Doune, Bn. 

Dudley, E., also Bn., and De L'Isle & Dudley, Bn. 
Ebrington and EiTington, Viscts. 
Ehot (St. Germans) and Elliot (Minto), sums. 
Emly, Bn., and Elmley and Emlyn, Viscts. 
Fane (Westmorland) and Vane (Barnard), sums. 
Fitzmaurice (Lansdowne) and FitzMaui'ice (Ork- 
ney), sums. [sums. 
Fitzroy (Southampton) and FitzRoy (Grafton), 
Forbes, V. (Granard) and Forbes, Bn. 
Forester, Eng. Bn.. and Forrester, Scot. 
French (French of Ypres, V., and De IVeyne, Bn.) 

and Ffrench (Ffrench), sums. 
Galloway, E., and Galway, V. 
Garioch, Ld., and Gamock, V. 
Giflard (Halsbury) and Gifford (Gifford), sums. 
Gifford, Bn.. and also E. 

Gillford, Ld., GuiKord,E., and Guildford, Bp. 
Gray, Bnss., and Grey. E., V. and Bt. 
Grimston, Vise, and Grimthorpe, Bn'. 
Hampden, V., and Hampton, Bn. 
Hardinge, V., and Hardinge of Penshurst, Bn. 
Hepbum-S.-F.-Trefusis (Clinton) and Hepbume- 

Scott (Polwarth), sums. 
Herschell,Bn., and Herschel, Bt. 
Home, E. of, and Howe, E. 

Kennard, Bt., Kinnaird and Kinnear, Bns., and 

Kynnaird, V. 
Kingsborough, V., and Kingsburgh, Ld. of Sessn. 
Kinloss, Bnss., and Kinross, Bn. 
Langford, Bn., and Longford, E. 
Lawless (Cloncurrj-) and Lawley (Wenlk.), sums. 
Lfiwrence (Lawrence, Bn.) and St. Lawrence 

(Howth), Slims. 
Legge (Dartmouth), Legh (Newton), and Leigh 
Lilford, v., and Lilford, Bn. [(Leigh), sm-ns. 

Lindsay.Scot. E., andLindsey, Eng.:Lindley, Bn. 
Lisle and De L'Isle, Bns. [Vise), sums. 

Littleton (Hatherton) and Lyttelton (Cobham, 
Lucan, E., and Lucas, Bn. 
Lyell, Bn., and Lyle, Bt. 
Manners, Bn., and Man vers, E. 
Mar and Mar & Kellie, Earls. 
Marsham, V. and sum., and Masham, Bn. 
Massey (Clarina) and Mlassy (Massy), sums. 
Meldrum, Bn. (Huntly), and Melgund,V. (Minto). 
Meh-ille, V., and Leven & Melville, E. 
Middleton. Bn., and Midleton, V. 
MiUes (Sondes) and Mills (Hillingdon), sums. 
Milltown, E. (dormt.), and Milton, V. 
Moncreitf.Bn.. Moncreiffe, Bt., and Moncrieff, Kt. 
Monteagle of Brandon, Bn., and MontEagle, Bn. 

(M. of SHgo). 
Montgomeiie, Ld. (and sum. of Eglinton, E.), 

and Montgomery, E. of Pembroke and M. 
Moi-ton, E., and Moreton, Ld., also Norton, Bn. 
Mountmon-es, V., and Mountnorris, Bn. 
Nevill (Abergavenny) and Neville (Bray brooke), 
Newborough, Bn., and Newburgh, E. [sums. 

Orford. E., and Oxford, extinct Earldom. 
Pakenham, surn. of E. of Longford, and Paking- 

ton, of Bn. Hampton. 
Powis, E., and Powys, sum. of Bn. Lilford. 
Ramsay, Ld., and De Ramsey, Bn. 
Roden, E., Rodney, Bn., and Romney, E. 
Rolle, Rolio, and Rolls (extinct), aU surnames. 
Roos, Ld., de Ros, Bnss., Ross. V., Rosse, E. 
Rotherham and Rothermere, Bns. 
St. Aldwjn, E., and St. Aubyn, sum. of Bn. 

St. Levan. [John, V. 

St. John of Bletso, Bn.. and Bolingbroke & St. 
Stafford, Bn., and Strafford, E. [ton), sums. 

Strutt (Belper and Rayleigh) and Sturt (Aling- 
Sudley, V., and Sudelev, Bn. (Bn. Sudley also the 

U.K. title of E. of Arran). 
Swansea, Bn., and Swanzy, Kt. 
Waterford, M., and ditto E. (Shrewsbury). 
Winn (Headley and St. Oswald) and Wynn 

(Newborough), sums. 

Also note the spelling of the following titles : 
Ailesbury. Huntly. Roxburghe. 

Carbery. Lisbume. Saltoun. 

Clonmell. Loudoun. Savile. 

Cromartie. Naime. Scarbrough. 

Donegal! . Penrhyn. Strachie. 

Downe. (iueensberry. Westmorland. 

FingaU. Rosebery. Winchilsea. 



Introduction — Caution s as to Spelling, dr. \ 

The following crossings of surnames with Mies are -worth, noticing- (surnames in italics) : 

Addingtan (Vise. Sidmouth) ; Addington, Bn. (iriihhard). 

Ashton (Bn. Ashton of Hyde); Ashton, Bn. {Willmmson). 

Balfour (Bn. Kinross) ; Balfour of Burleigh, Bn. (Bruce). 

Beaumont (Vise. Allendale); Beaumont, Bnss. (Stapleton). ,„, , 

Berkeley (Bn. Fitzhardinge and Earl of B.) ; Berkeley, Bnss. [Foley). 

Brownlow i^n. Lurgan) ; Brownlo-w, 'Ea.rl (Oust). , , r ,i n 

Chichester (M. of Donegall and Bn. Templemore) ; Chichaster, E. of (Felham). 

Clifton (Bn. Grey de Ruthyn); Clifton, Bnss. and Ld. [Bltgh). 

Clinton (D. of Ne-wcastle) ; Clinton, Bn. (Hepburn-S.-F.-Trefusis). 

/'fencA (De Freyne) ; French of Ypres, Vifo. (i-'mfcA). ^ -o^-i, t, ini-f, \ 

Grey (Earls Grey and of Stamford; Vise. Grey of Fallodon) ; Grey de Ruthyn, Bn. (Clifton). 

Hastings (Earls of Huntingdon and Loudoun) ; Hastings, Bn. (Astley). 

Howard (5 Peers); Ho-ward de Walden, Bn. (Ellis). 

Leith (Bn. Burgh) ; Leilh of Fyvie, Bn. (Fories-Leith): ■' 

Lindsay (E. of Crawford); Liadsay, E. of (Bethune). ,,, . „^ 

Afackenzie (Blunt-), Countess of Cromartie ; Muir Mackenzie, Bn. (ifmr-M.). 

Mansfield (Bn. Sandhurst); Mansfield, E. of (3hirrn!j). 

Marjoribanks (Bn. Tweedmouth); Marjoribanks, extmot Bny. (Robertson). 

Melville, Leslie- (E. of Leven and Melville) ; Melville, Vise. (Dundas). 

Norton (Bns. Grantley and Rathcreedan) ; Norton, Bn. (Adderley). 

Sackville (Earl De La Wan-); Sackville, Bn. (Sackville-West). 

Savile (E. of Mexborough) ; Savile, Bn. (Savile-Lumley). ,„ ^, . , 

Sinclair (E. of Caithness and Bn. Pentland) ; Sinclair, Bn. (St. Clair). ■ 

Somerset (D. of Beaufort and Bn. Raglan); Somerset, D. of (St. Maur)^ 

Spencer-Churchill (D. of MarlboroughV, Churchill, Vise, and Spencer, Earl (Spencer). 
TFo^ieAeZfi (Bishop of Birmingliam) ; Wakefield, Bishop of (-E-rfra). , .„ ,_ , 

Willoughby (Bn. Middleton and E. of Ancaster) ; Willoughby de Broke, Bn. (Vemey). 




At a meeting of the Privy Council on July 17, 1917, His Majesty signed a procla- 
mation adopting for the Royal Family the style of the House and Family of Windsor, 
and that all the descendants in the male line of Queen Victoria who are subjects of these 
realms, other than female descendants who may marry or may have married, shall 
bear the name of Windsor. It was further declared that the styles, dignities and 
titles of Dukes and Duchesses of Saxony and Princes and Princesses of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha and all other German degrees, styles, dignities, titles and honours should be 
relinquished as regards descendants of His' Majesty and other the descendants of Queen 
Victoria who are subjects of these realms. 

His Most Excellent Majesty George Frederick Ernest Albert of Windsor, 
bearing the title "GEORGE the FIFTH, by the Grace of God, of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, 
King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India ; " Sovereign of the British Orders of 
Knighthood ; Admiral of tlie Fleet and a Field-Marshal in the Army ; Col. -in-Chief 
of the three Regiments of Household Cavalry, the Royal Regiment of Artillery, the 
Corps of Royal Engineers, the Royal Marines, the five Regiments of Foot Guards, of 
the loth Hussars, of the Royal, the Royal Welsh and the Royal Irish Fusiliers, the 
King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment), the Norfolk Regiment, the Black Watch, the 
Cameron Highlanders, 8th Batt. Hampshire Regt., the King's Royal Rifle Corps, the 
Royal Flying Corps, the 6th Cav., the 102nd Grenadiers, tlie ist and 2nd Gurkha 
Rifles and other Regiments of the Indian Army, the Australian Light Horse, Imperial 
Light Horse of South Africa, and the Officers' Training Corps ; Hon. Col. of numerous 
other Corps, Captain General of the Hon. Artillery Company, &c., &c. ; D.C.L., LL.D., 
D.Litt., F.R.C.S., F.R.S., an Elder Brother of Ti-inity House : eldest surviving son of 
His late Majesty King Edward VII. and of Queen Alexandra ; born at Marlborough 
House June 3, 1865 ; created Duke of York, Earl of Inverness and Baron Killarney, 
U.K., 1892, Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester Nov. 9, 1901 ; succeeded to the Throne 
(in his 45th year) May 6, 1910 ; married (at St. James's Palace, July 6, 1893), his second 
cousin once removed* H.S.H. Princess Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline 
Claudine Agnes (" Princess May ") of Teck— see 102, now Her Majesty Queen Mary, 
Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of the Star of India, of Victoria and Albert and 
the Crown of India, a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Lady of 
Justice of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Col. -in-Chief iSth Hussars and York- 
shire Regt., LL.D., Mus.D. ; horn May 26, 1867. 

Rpsidences.— Windsor Castle ; Buckingham Palace, London ; York Cottage, Sandringham, Norfolk; 
Barton Manor, Osborne, I.W. ; Balmoral (private), Ballater, Aberdeenshire ; also (though not 
occupied personally) Kensington, Kew, Claremont, and Hampton Court Palaces ; Holjrood House, 
Edinburgh ; and the Palaces of Falkland and Lochmaben and Castles of Eothesay, Dunstafifnage, 
Dunoon, and Can-ick, all in Scotland ; and The Castle, Dubhn. 


1 H.M. Queen Alexandra, nee H.R.H. Princess Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise 

Julia of Den-hark (eldest daughter of H.M. the late King Christian EX. and sister of 
H.I.M. the Dowager Empress of Russia), Lady of the Garter, and of the Orders of 
Victoria and Albert and the Crown of India, Lady of Justice of the Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem, Col. -in-Chief 19th Hussars and Yorkshire Regt., Pres. of British Red Cross 
Soc, Mus.D. ; horn Dec. 1, 1844 ; married at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, March 10, 
i863,toH.R.H. Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, who succeeded as King Edward VII. 
1901 and died igio, crowned with Her Royal Consort at Westminster Abbey Aug. 9, 1902. 
^(;s/t?e?»ces— Marlborough House, Pall Mall ; Sandringham Hall, Norfolk. 

2 H.R.H. Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David of Windsor, 

Prince of WALES, heir apparent to the Crown, created Prince of Wales (Investiture took 
place at Carnarvon Castle, July 13, ign) and Earl of Chester June 23, 1910; Duke of 
Coi-nwall, in Peerage of England, 1337 : Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron 
of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Grand Steward or Seneschal of Scotland, in Peerage 
of Scotland, 1398); K.G., G.M.M.G., G.M.B.E., a Lieut., R.N., Capt. Gren. Guards, 
and Hon. Col. of a Bri. Cheshire Regt., Military Cross; D.A.A.G. and was A.D.C. to 
Field-Marshal Viscount French, now a General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade, on Staff of 
Gen. Officer Comdg.-in-Cbief Medit. Expdtny. Force, is a Kt. of Justice of St. John of 
Jeius. : horn at White Lodge, Sheen, June 23, 1894. 

3 H.R.H. Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George of Windsor, K.G., Acting Lieutenant 

R.N.,i8 attached to the Staff of Com.-in-Ch. at Portsmouth: born at York Cottage, 
Sandringham. Dec. 14, 1895. 

• Their Majesties have this relationship through King Edward and Queen Alexandra also— the former ia 
traceable in No. loi, and the latter through the late Queen of Denmark having been a niece of the ist Duke 
of Cambridge's wife. Augusta of Hesse. 

The Royal Family. 

4 H.E.H. Princess Victoria Aibxandra Alice Mary of Windsor : bori, at York Cottage, 

5 H-pfia^Prmce^BNET WiUiam Frederick Albert of Windsor : lorn at York Cottage, 

6 H.E.H.^Princ'e'a°E°oRGB Edward Alexander Edmund of Windsor, a Naval Cadet: lorn at 

York Cottage, Dec. 20, 1902. , ,. , ^ ^^ t i„ .0 -^nc 

7 H.E.H. Prince John Charles Francis of Windsor : 6orn at Jork Cottage, July 12, 1905. 

8 I. H.E.H. the late Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke ot bLAKENCE 

AND AvoNDALE and Earl of Athlone {U.K. 1890), K.G., K.P. : 60™ Jan. 8, 1864; died 
Jan. 14, 1892. 
II. (His PRESENT Majesty: b. 1865.) „ . ^ .^ /t^.,t=,pViV 

9 m. H.E.H; the Princess Eoyal of the United Kingdom, Duchess Dowager of f i^"^ j^f u"^,;^ 
^ toria Alexandra Dagmar), V.A., C.I., a Lady of Justice of St John o* Je^^ale'^' 

Col.-in-Chief 7th Dragoon Guards : born Feb. 20, 1867; declared Pnncess Eojal Nov. 9, 
1905; married (July 27, 1889) to the late Alexander William Geo^e ^s* I^.'J^'* °i*^?J^' 
KG PC. [born Nov. 10, 1849 : married as an Earl, created Duke at the wedding 
breakfast,; died Jan. 29, 1912).>-^l-^r Lodge, Braemar, Aberdeensh. ; 
Montcoffer Ho., Banff; 15 Portman Sq., W. Issue: , ^.^ , . , w^+r,Ha 

10 1 H.E.H. Princess Arthur of Connaught, Duchess of Fife (Alexandra Victoria 

Alberta Edwina Louise), a Lady of Justice of St. Jolii^ „Je™^- •.„*^'" 
May 17, 1891 : married (Oct. 15, 1913) H.E.H. Prmce Arthur of Connaught, 
K.G.,andhasissue, q.v. No. 73. a -i -, i«r,r, 

11 2. H.H. Princess Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha: iorn April 3, logj. 

12 rV. H.E.H. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of Windsor and of the_ United 

Kingdom. V.A.. C.I., a Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem -.born July 6, i«o»- 

13 V. H.M. Maud, Queen of Norway (H.E.H. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victona ot the 

United Kingdom) , V.A. , a Lady of Justice of St John Jerus. : ^rn Nov 26 1869 , 
married (July 22, 1896) to H.E.H. Pi-ince Charles of Denmark, now H.M. Haakon Vii., 
King of Norway (Christian Friederik Karl Georg Waldemar Axel, K.G., »-^-i'- 
G.C.V.O. with chain [both latter Hon.], a Knight of Justice of St. John of Jf ^^^le n 
Hon. Col. Norfolk Yeom. and Hon. Adm. in Brit. Navy, 2nd son of the lot. Km, 
Frederick VHI. of Denmark and brother of King Christian X. ; bom Aug. 3- loy-s • 
elected King of Norway 1905). Besidences-Uoy^\ Castle, Christiama ; Appleton 

H ^°"S:E'^^""oLArCKo(r;PKi.CE of Norway (Prince Alexander Edward Clm^ian 

Frederick of Denmark, now taking name Olav), G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.), G.C.V.O. 
(Hon.) : born July 2, 1903. 



16 I. H.I.M. the late Victoria, Empress Frederic of Germany (««> H.E.H Princess yictoria 

Adelaide Mary Louisa), Princess Eoyal of the United Kingdom : born ^oy IJ,-:/vT ' 

died Aug. 5. 1901 ; having been married (Jan. 25, 1858) to the late Fnednch Wilhelm 

■ Nicolaul Carl, Crown Pnnce of Prussia, afterwards H.I M. Frederic III German 

Emperor : born Oct. 18, 1831 ; reigned March 9 to June 15 of 1888, when he died). I.^ue^ 

.. 1 H I M. William II. (Fiiedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert) , German Emperor and King 

' ■ of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, &c., &c. : born Jan. 27, i859 ; *"c««^«< 

June 15, 1888; married (Feb. 27, 1881) Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig- 

HoLSTEiN-SoAderburg-AuGUSTENBURG, [nee H.S.H. Prmcess Auguste Victoria 

Friederike Luise Feodora Jenny: born Oct. 22, 1858-see 273). Residence— 

The Marble Palace. Potsdam, near Berlin. Issue: ,.„^ ,„,! 

,0 (1) H I. & E.H. William, Imperial and Crown Prince of Germany and 

Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Victor August Ernst) : Iwrn May 6, 1882 ; 

married (1905) H.H. (no H.I. & E.H.) the Duchess CAciLiBAugustme 

Marie (ftorrSept. 20, 188 sister of H.E.H. the Grand Duke of Mecklen- 

burg-Schwerin. Issue: , r^ ■ j.- r>i , 

jg^ (i) H.E.H. Prince Wilhelm Friedrich Franz Joseph Christian Olav | 

of Prussia: 6orn July 4, 1906. ^ - t> 

jgj (ii) H.E.H. Prince Lubwio Ferdinand Victor Eduard of Prussia : 

g (iij) H E H.Prince HuBERTUsCarlWiUielm of Prussia: born Sept.30,1909. 

jg^ (iv) H.E.H. Prince Frederick Georg V/ilhelm Chribtoph of Prussia : 

horn Dec. 19, 1911. . 

jgg (v) H.E.H. Princess Alexandrine Irene ; torn April 7.. 'QiS- . . 

Jo (2) H.E.H. Prince Eitel-Frederick of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel-Fnednch) : 

^ ^ ^ born July 7, 1883 ; married (1906) H.H., now H E.H Duchess Sophie 

Charlotte, daughter of th. Grand Duke of Oldenburg (fto™ Feb. 2 1879). 
20 (3) H.E.H. Prince AoALBERTof Prussia (Adalbert Ferdinand Berengar Victor) . 

2, (4) H*iLH.P?ii'ce Augustus William of Prussia (August WUhelm Hemricb 
Giinther Victor) : born Jan. 29, 1887; married (1908) H.H. (now H.E.M., 
Princess Alexandra Victoria of Bchlesw.-Holst.-Sond.-Glticksburg {born 
April 21, 1887— see 276). Issue : 

Uncles and Aunts of His Majesty. 109 

H.R.H. Princfr Alexander (Alexander Ferdinand Albert Achilles 
William) : bo^n Dec. 26, 1912. 

(5) H.R.H. Prince Oscar of Prussia (Oscar Carl Gustav) : bnrn July 27, 1888 : 

marr/ed (1914) Countes Ina Maria von Bassewitz (Coi^Ti^^ss T'on .ffep/i). 
(i) A son, born July, 1915. 
(ii) A son, horn Jan. 7, 1917. 

(6) H.R.H. Prince Joachim of Prussia (Joachim Pranz Humbert) : 6orn Dec. 

17, 1890, mar. 1916 H.R.H. Princess Marie Augusta of Anhalt. 

(7) H.R.H. Pnucesi. Victoria Liouisa (Victoria Luise Adelheid Mathilde Char- 

lotte) : 6o)-nSept. 13, 1892: viarried (1913) to H.R.H. Prince Ernst August 
of Cumber' and, now Reigning Duke of Brunswick and has i.ssue (see 90). 

2. H.R.H. Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Meininoen (Princess Victoria Elisabeth 

Augustine Charlotte of Prussia), V.A., CI : born July 24, i860 ; marned 

(1878) to H.H. Bernhard Friedrich, late Duke of Saxe-Meiningkn (see 

288, horn April 1, 1851, succeeded his father 1914, and died same year). Issue: 

(1) H.S.H.Feodora, Princess Heixrich of Rkuss (/«<! H.S.H. WnoeBsFsoDORA 

Victoria Auguste Marianne Maria of Saxe-Meiningen) : bom May 12 

1879 ; married (1898) to H.S.H. Prince Heinbich XXX. of Reuss. 

3. H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia (Albert WUhelm Heiurich) : bor7i Aug. 14, 1862 ; 

married (1888) his fli'st cousin H.G.D.H. (now H.R.H.) Princess Irene Luise 
Marie Anna of Hesse, V.A. {born July 11, 1866— see 51). Residence — Royal 
Palace, Kiel. Issue: [20, 1889. 

(1) H.R.H. Prince Waldemar Wilheim Ludwig of Prussia : horn Martii 

(2) H.R.H. Prince Sioismund (Wilheim Victor Sigismund) of Prussia : born 

Nov. 27, 1896. 

4. H.R. & S.H. Pi-incess Adolphus of Schaumbdrg-Lippe (Princess Friederike 

Amalie Wilhelmine Victoria of Prussia), V.A. : born April 12, 1866; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. the late Prince Adolf Wilheim Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe 
[born 1859, died 1916). lieside/iu e—'Bonn. 

5. H.M. Sophia, late Queen of the Hellenes {nee Princess Sophie Dorothea Ulrike 

Alice of Prussia), V.A., R.R.C. : born June 14, 1870; married (1889, entering 
Greek Church 1891) to H.R.H. Constantine (Konstantinos) , Duke of Sparta, 
aftds. H.M. Constantine I., King of the Hellrkes, G.C.B.,has Roy. Victorian 
Chain {born Aug. 2, l868, n.s., succeec/crf March 18, 1913, abdicated June 1917). 
Issue : 

(1) H.R.H. George, Duke of Sparta (Georgios) , ?a«e Prince Royal of Greece, 

G.C.B. (Civ.). G.C.V.O. (Hon.) : born July ig, 1890. 

(2) H.R.H. Prince Alexander of Greece (Alexander) , now H.M. Alexander, 

King of the Hellenes : born Aug. 1, 1893, acceded upon the abdication 01 
his father, as above, June 1917. 

(3) H.R.H. Princess Helena of Greece (Helene) : born May 2, 1896. 

(4) H.R.H. Prince Paul of Greece (Paulos) : 60™ Dec. 14, 1901. 

(5) H.R.H. Princess Eirenb of Greece : horn Feb. 13, 1904. 

(6) H.R.H. Princess Catherine of Grefce : horn May 4, 1913. 

6. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse (Princess Margarete Beatrice 

Feodora of Prussia), V.A. : horn April 22, 1872; married (1893) to H.H. Prince 

Friedrich Carl Ludwig Constantin of Hesse (son of H.R.H. the late 

Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse, and born May 1, 1868). Sesidence — Frankfort- 

on-Maine and Friedrichshof Castle. Issue: [1893 {diad 1916). 

(i) H.H. (the?<7/e) Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Victor of Hesse : borii Nov. 23, 

(2) H.H. (the late) Piince Maximilian Friedrich Wilheim Georg Eduaj-d of 

Hesse horn Oct. 20, 1894 {died 1914). [Nov. 6, 1896. 

(3 & 4) T.H. Princes Philipp and Wolfgang Maurice of Hesse : twins, born 

(5 & 6) T.H. Princes Richard Wilheim Leopold and Christoph Ernst August 

of Hesse : twins, horn May 14, 1901. 

U. H.R.H.the^cric Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse (Princess Alice Maud Mary of the United 

Kingdom), V.A. : horn 1843 ; married (1862) to H.R.H. the late Prince Louis, afterwards 

Louis rv.. Reigning Grand Duke of Hesse and of the Rhine, K.G. {born 1837 ; granted 

English title of " Royal Highness " 1862 ; died March 13, 1892) ; died Dec. 14, 1878. Issue: 

1. Victoria, Marchiones> of Milkord Haven (Victoria Elisabeth Mathilde Alberta 

Marie of Hesse), V.A. : horn April 5, 1863 ; married (1884) to H.S.H. Admiial 
Prince Louis (Alexander) of Battenbeeg, now Marquess of Milford Haven, 
q.v. Directory and for issue, below for elder daughter H.R.H. Princess Andrew 
of Greece. 
(1) H.R.H. Pi-incess Andrew of Greece (ne'e PrincessVictoria Alice Elisabeth 
Julie Marie of Battenberg), R.R.C. iicn Feb. 25, 1885; marned (1903) 
to H.R.H. Prince Andrew (Andreas) of Greece, G.C.V.O. {born Feb. 1, 
N.S., 1882). Residence — Athens. Issue: 
(i) H.R.H. Princess Margaret of Greece : horn April 17, 1905. 
(ii) H.R.H. Princess Theodora of Greece : horn May 30, 1906. 
(iii) H.R.H. Princess Cecilia of Greece : horn June 22, 1911. 

2. H.I.H. Elizabeth Fedorovna, the Grand Duchess Seroius of Russia {nie 

H.G.D.H. Princess Elisabbth Alexandra Luise Alice of Hesse), V.A. : born 
Nov. 1, 1864; married (1884, entering Greek Church 1891) to H.I.H. the late 

The Eoyal Family. 

Grand Duke Sebgius Alexandrovitch of Eussia, G.C.B. [born May li, 1857, 
assassinated Teh. IJ, 1905 ; uncle of the Tsar) . Residence — Moscow. 

51 3. H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (nee H.G.D.H. Princess Irene Luise Marie 

Anna of Hesse), V.A. : bom July 11, 1866; married (1888) to her first cousin 
H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia [born Aug. 14, 1862— see 27). 

52 4. H.R.H. Ernest Louis (Ernst Ludwig Carl Albert Wilhelm), Reigning Gmnd Duke 

of Hesse and of the Rhine (" bei Rhein") : hnm Nov. 25, 1868; succeeded his 
father i8q2 ; married, 1st (1894), his first cousin H.R.H. Princess Victoria 
Mblita of Saxe-Coburo, V.A., C.I., see 62, but the marriage was dissolved 
Dec. 1901 ; 2ndly (1905), Princess Eleonore Ernestine Marie of Soi,ms- 
HoiiENSOLMS-Licii {born Sept. 17, 1871). Residence— New Palace, Darmstadt. 
Issue : 

52a (1) H.R.H. Prince George Donatos WUliam, Hereditary Grand Duke of 

Hesse : born Nov. 8, 1906. [Nov. 20, igo8. 

526 (2) H.R.H. Pi-ince Ludwig Hermann Alexander Clovis of Hesse : born 

53 5. H.I.M.Aijexandba Fbdorovna, Empress or Tsaritsa of Russia, V.A. (nee H.G.D.H. 

Princess Alix Victoria Helene Luise Beatiix of Hesse) : born June 6, 1872 ; 
married (Nov. 25, 1894, having entered the Greek Church Nov. 2 preceding) to 
H.I.M. Nicholas U. Alexandrovitch, la'e Emperor and Autocrat of All the 
RussiAS, K.G., G.C.B., has Koy. Victorian Chain, Hon. Adm. in the British 
Fleet and a Field-Marshal in the British Army and Col. in-Chief 2nd Dragoons 
(Roy. Scots Greys) (60m May 18, 1868. n.s., abdicated March 15, 1917.) 

54 (l) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Olg A Nicolaievna of Russia : born Nov. 15, 1895. 

55 (2) H. I. H.theGrandDuchessTATiANANicolaievnaof Russia: 6ornJuneio,i897.. 

56 (3) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Marie Nicolaievna of Russia : born June26, 1899. 

57 (4) H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicolaievna of Russia : born Jime 

17, 1901. 

58 (5) H.I.H. the Grand Duke Alexis Nicolaievitch of Russia, late Tsare- 

viTOH : born Aug. 12, 1904. 

59 ni. H.R.H. the late Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Saxk-Coburg and Gotha ; a Prince of 

the United Kingdom; Duke of Edinburgh. Earl of Ulster and of Kent and Duke of 
Saxony, K.G., K.T., K.P., &o. ; Admiral of the Fleet : born 1844 ; succeeded his uncle 
H.H. Ernest II. 1893 (the Piince of Wales, late King Edward, having in 1863 renounced 
his claim to succession) ; died July 30, 1900, having ma/'Hed (i874)H.I.H. (nowH.I.&R.H.) 
the Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia,V.A.,C.I. (only daughter of H.I.M. 
the late Alexander 11., Emperor of Russia, and born Oct. 17, 1853 ; residence— Cobm-g). 

60 1. H.R.H. the ^aie Alfred Alexander William Emest Albert, Hereditary Prince of 

Saxe-Cobukg and Gotha, K.G. : born Oct. 15, 1874 ; dieM Feb. 6, 1899. 

61 2. H.M. the Queen of Roumania (Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria? of Saxe- 

CoBURG&c), V.A., C.I. : born Oct. 29, 1875 ; married (1893) to H.R.H. Ferdinand 
Victor Albert Meinrad, now H.M. the King of Roumania, G.C.B. (born Aug. 24, 
1865 — see 169-72/), where their six children are given). 

62 3. H.I.H. Victoria Fkdorovna (the Grand Duchess Cyril of Russia; Princess 

Victoria Milita of Saxe-Coburg, &c.), V.A., C.I. : born in Malta, Nov. 25, 18""= • 
married (1894) to her first cousin H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of HEf 
(see 52), man-iage dissolved Dec. 1901 ; she was re-married (Oct. 8, 1905) to 
H.I.H. the Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovitch of Russia [born 1876), 1st cousin 
of the Tsar. Eesidences -Petrograd, Paris. Issue : 

62a H.H. Princess Marie Cyrillovna : born Feb. 2, 1907. 

626 H.H. Princess Kira Cyrillovna : born May 22, 1909. 

63 4. H.R.H. Alexandra, Piincess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Princess Alexandra 

Louise Olga Victoria of Saxe-Coburo &c.), V.A., C.I. : born Sept. 1, 1878- 
m.nrried (1896) to H.S.H. Ernest, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg {bor 
Sept. 13, 1863— see 257-60 for issue). „ „. , 

64 5. H.R.H. Pi-incess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Saxe-Coburo &c., V.A. : born 

April 20, 1884 ; married (1909I to the Infante Alfonso Maria of Orleans. Issue: 
64a H.H. Prince Alvaro, born April 20, 1910. 

646 H.H. Prince Alphonso, lorn May 28, 1912. 

64c H.H. Prince Ataulfo, born Oct. 20, 1913. 

65 IV. H.R.H. Helena, Princess Christian of ScHLESwiG-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-Augusten- 

burg* (Piincess Helena Augusta Victoria of the United Kingdom), V.A., C.I., R.E.C., ' 
a Lady of Justice St. John Jems.: born at Buckingham Palace, May 25. 1846 ; mamed 
(at Windsor Private Chapel, July 5, 1866) to H.R.H. the late Prince Christian (Fiiedrich 
Christian Carl August) of ScHLESwio-Hoi.STEiN-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, K.G., 
P.CG.C.V.O. (6o;n Jan. 22, 1831, died Oct. 28, 1917; created "Royal Highness" 1866, 
his issue being "Highness"). i?es?'d«nces —Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Park; 
Schomberg House. Pall MaU, S.W. Issue: (By Royal Warrant 1917 the designation 
of " Schleswig-Holstein " is now dropped as regards the Princesses Helena and Marie 

• In the ' Almanach de Gotha' "Holstein" is the leading word and we ha\e the di\isions "Sohlee. -Hoist. , 
Sond.-AuguBtenburg," " Schles.-Holst.-SoQd.-GlUckf.burg," &c. 

Uncles and Aunts of His Majesty. 1 1 1 

66 1. H.H. the late Prince Christian Victor Albert Louis Ernest Antony of Schlbswig- 

HoLSTEiN, G.C.B. (Civil), G.C.V.O., Major in the British Army (served in 
Ashanti and S. Afiioai : born April 14, 1867 ; died at Pretoria Oct. 29, 1900. 

67 2. H.H. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Hol- 

STEiN, born Feb. 26, 1869. Now acting as an A.D.C. to the commander of the 
Corps of Guards in Berlin. 

68 3. H.H. Princess Helena (Victoria Sophie Helena), V.A., C.I., E.E.C., a Lady 

of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem, Order of Mercy (a Lady Pres. of the 
League) : born May 3, 1870. 

69 4. H.H. Princess Marie Louise (Fi'ancisca Josepha Louise Auguste Marie 

Christine Helene), V.A., C.I., Order of Mercy: born Aug. 12, 1872; was 
1891-1900 "Princess Aribert of Anhalt," but her marriage was dissolved to suit 
a new family law of that house. Residence — 21 Queensberry Place, S.W. 

70 V. H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll (Louise Caroline Alberta), a Princess of 

the United Kingdom, Col.-in-Chief Argyll and Sutherld. Highldrs., V.A., C.L, 
R.R.C., LL.D. : -horn at Buckingham Palace, March 18. 1848; married (at St. 
George's Chapel, Windsor, March 21, 1871) to John Douglas Campbell. Marquess of 
Lome, afterwards gth Duke of Argyll, K.G., who died without issue May 2nd, 1914. 
Residences — Kensington Palace, W. 

71 VI. H.E.H. Arthur William Patrick Albert Windsor, Duke of CoNNAUGHxandof Stratheam, 

and Earl of Sussex ( U.K. 1874), a Prince of the United Kingdom. Duke of Saxony, and 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. K.G., K.T., K.P., P.C, G.M.B. G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G., 
G.C.I.E.,G.C.V.O. (has Chain), G.B.E., V.D., LL.D., D.C.L.; a Field-Marshal in 
the British Army, a personal A.D.C. to H.M.. Col.-in-CIiief of the Eifle Brigade, 
Inniskilling Dragoons, the Volunteer Force, Highland Lt. Infantry, Roy. Dublin 
Fusiliers. Supply and Transport Corps, Ind. Army, the New Zealand Rifle Brigade, 
and Col. of the Grenadier Guards and of the Army Service Corps, Hon. Col. of Sth. 
Irish Horse (Spec. Res.), and of numerous troops in the Auxiliary Forces, Master of 
Trinity House, President of the Counc. of the Roy. Patriotic Fund ; sM-vedin Canada in 
the Fenian Puiid of 1870 and in Egypt 1883 ; was Com. -in-Chief in Bombay 1886-90, 
afterwards in Ireland, and Com. -in-Chief and High Commissr. of the Meditenanean, was 
Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Dominion of Canada 191 1 to 1916 ; is 
Eanger of Bpping Forest, Grand Prior of St. John of Jerusalem in England.Grand Master 
of the Freemasons of England, a Bencher of Gi-ay's Inn, &c. : born at Buckingham 
Palace, May 1, 1850 ; married (at Windsor, March 13, 1879) H.R.H. the laie Princess 
Louisa Margaret (Luise Margarete AgTies) of Prussia, V.A., C.I., R.R.C. (third 
daughter of H.R.H. the late Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, G.C.B., born July 25, 
i860, died March 14, 1917). Residences— Ha-^iihot Park, Surrey; Clarence House, St. 
James's, S.W. Issue: 

72 1. H.R.H. the Duchess OF Scania [nee H.R.H. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte 

Augusta Norah of Connaught), V.A., C.L, a Lady of Justice of St. John of 
\- Jerusalem : horn Jan. 15, 1882 ; married (June 15, 1905) to H.R.H. Prince 

GusTAvus Adolphus (Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustav Adolf, hoi-n Nov. 11, 
1882), G.C.B. (Hon. Civ.), G.C.V.O. (Hon.), Duke of Scania (otherwise 
Skone), now Crown Prince of Sweden. Issue: 
72a (1) H.R.H. Prince Gustavus Adolphus Oscar Fredrik Arthur Edmond of 

Sweden, Duke of Westerbotten : born April 22, 1906. 
726 (2) H.R.H. Prince Sigvard Oscar Frediik of Sweden, Duke of Upland: 

horn June 7, 1907. 
72c (3) H.R.H. Princess Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margaretta : born 

March 28, 1910. 
^2d (4) H.R.H. Prince Bortil Gustavus Oscar Carl Eugen of Sweden, Duke of 

Halland : born Feb. 28, 1912. 
72* ("5) H.E.H. Princess : horn October 31, 1916. 

73 2. H.R.H. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught, K.G., K.T., 

P.C, G.C.V.O. (with Chain), C.B. (Military. 1915), D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., a 
Personal A.D.C. to H.M. and a Gen. Staff Officer, 2nd Grade, was Extra 
A.D.C. to Field-Marshal Sir John French with Expeditionary Force 1914-5, 
an Elder Bro. of Trinity House, Maj. 2nd Dragoons, served in S. Africa 
igoi-2, a Knight of Justice of St. John of Jerus. : born Jan. 13, 1883 ; married 
Oct. 15, 1913, H.n. Princess Alexandra Victoria, Duchess of Fife, q.v. No. 
10. ifes-i'rf^ncf— 54 Mount Street, W. Issue: [1914- 

73« Prince Alastair Arthur of Connaught, Earl of Macduif : horn Aug. gth, 

74 3. H.E.H. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaught, C.L, a 

Lady of Justice of St. John of Jerusalem : bom March 17, 1886. 

75 Vn. H.R.H. the late Leopold George Duncan Albert, 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, 

and Baron Ai-klow {U.K. i88i). K.G., K.T., &c., P.C. : horn 1853: died 1884, having 
married (at Windsor, April 27, 1882) Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pybmont, V.A., 
C.L, R.E.C., a Lady of Justice of St. John Jerus. (ne^ H.S.H. Princess Helene Friederike 
Auguste, fourth daughter of H.S.H. the late Eeigning Prince George Victor, and aunt 
of H.M. Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands, now H.R.H. the Dowager Duchess 
of Albany: ft^rw Feb. 17, 1861. Residence — Kensington Palace, W. Issue: 

76 1. H.E.H. Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone: 60™ Feb. 25, 1883; married (1904) 

to H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Teck, now Earl of Athlone, q.v. Directory. 

12 The Royal Family {Relatives). 

TJ 2. H.E.H. Leopold Charles Edward George Albert, Reining Duke of Saxe" 

CoBUEG AND GoTHA, and 2nd Diike of Albany, &c. (see under ist Duke) : 
horn (posthumous) at Claremont, July ig, 1884, and succeeded at his birth to the 
Albany title, in 1900 to that of Saxe-Coburg; married (Oct. 11, 1905) 
Princess Victoria Adeliieid, daughter of H.H. the Duke of Schleswig- 
Holst.-Sond.-Glucksburg (see 275). Issue : 

■jja (1) H.H. Prince Johann Leopold Wilhelm Albert Ferdinand Victor, 

Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Cobueg : born Aug. 2, igo6. 

776 (2) H.H. Princess Sibylle Calma Marie of Saxe-Coburo : born Jan. 17, 1908. 

77c (3) H.H. Prince Dietmar Hubert of Saxk-Cobueg: born Aug. 24, 1909. 

jjd (4) H-H. Princess Caroline Mathilde Ludwige of Saxe-Coburg : born June 22, 


78 Vni. H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Heney of Battenberg (Princess Beatrice Marie Victoria 

Feodora of the United Kingdom), V.A., C.I., E.R.C., a Lady of Justice of St. John of 
Jerusalem, now Governor of the Isle of "Wight : bom at Buckingham Palace. April 14, 
1857 ; married (at Whippingham Church. I.W., July 23, 1885) to H.R.H. the inte Prince 
Henry Maurice of Battenberg, K.G., P.C, Governor of the Isle of Wight, a Colonel 
in the Army {born Oct. 5, 1858 ; naturalised and created " Royal Highness " 1885 ; died 
during the Ashanti Expedition, Jan. 20, 1896). ^esidf nee— Carisbrooke Castle, 
Newport, I.W., and Kensington Palace, "W. Issue: 

79 1. Alexander, Marquess of CARisBROoKE-see Directory. 

80 2. H.M. Victoria EugIsnie, Queen of Spain {mic H.H. Princess Victoria Eugenie 

Julia Ena of Battenberg): born Oct. 24. 1887: created Royal Highness 
April 5, 1906: married May 31, same year, to H.M. A.lfonso XIII., King of 
SvAin (born May 17, 1886), having joined R. C. Church March 7. Residence— 
Palacio Real, Madrid, &e. Issue : 

80a ' (1) H.R.H. the Prince of Asturias, heir to the throne of Spain (Alfonso Pio 

Cristino Eduardo Fi-ancisco Guliermo Venancio) : born May 10, 1907. 

806 (2) H.R.H. Prince Jaime Leopoldo Isabelino Enrique Alejandi-o Alberto 

Alfonso Victor of Spain : born June ^23, 1908. 

80c (3) H.R.H. Princess Beatrice Maria Isabella of Spain : horn June 22, iQog. 

Sod (4) H.R.H. Princess Maria Cristina of Spain : bom Dec. 12, igii. 

8oe (5) H.R.H. Prince Juan of Spain : born June 20, 1913. 

80/ (6) H.R.H. Prince Gonzalk of Spain : born Oct. 24, 1914. 

81 3. Lord Leopold Arthur Louis of Mountbattbn, G.C.V.O., A.D.C., Capt. King's 

R.R. Corps : born May 21, 1889. 

82 4. H.H. the late Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg, K.C.V.O., Lieut. 

King's R.R. Corps: born Oct. 3, 1891, died of wounds received in action, 
Oct. 27, 1914. 


A. On side of Duke of Kent; 2nd Cousins, with Descendants. 

Through H.M. Ernest, ist Duke of Oumberland, King of Hanover, ^th brother of the Duke of Kent. 

83 I. H.M. the late George Fi-ederick Alexander^ 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, 

and King George V. of Hanover, G.C.H. : born 1819 ; died 1878, having married 
(1843) H.H. the laie Princess Alexandrina Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of 
Hanover by title (daughter of H.S.H. the late Reigning Duke Joseph, and born 
1818; died 1907). H.M. reigned over Hanover 1851-1866, when the Kingdom was 
incorporated with Prussia. Issue: 

84 1. H.R.H. Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick, 3rd Duke of 

Cumberland and Teviotdale {Gt. Brit. 1799) and Eari of Armagh (Irel. 1799) : 
born at Hanover, Sept. 21, 1845; succeeded his father 1878; married (1878) 
H.R.H. Princess Tiiyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna of Denmark, C.I. 
(fourth daughter of H.M. the late King Chi-istian IX., and sister of H.M. 
Queen Alexandra ; /)0)-n Sept. 29, 1853). i?esidenee«—Gmunden, Upper Austria, 
and Penzing, near Vienna. Issue: 

85 (1) H.R.H. Piincess Maximilian of Baden (Princess Marie Louise Victona 

Friederike of Cumberland and Hanover): born Oct. 11,1879; married 
(1900) to H.G.D.H. Prince Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm of 
Baden (nephew of the late Grand Duke, and born July 10, 1867). 
i?eside7ice— KarlsiTihe. Issue: [Aug. 1, 1902. 

86 (i) H.H. Princess Marie Alexandra Thyra Hilda of Baden : born 
86a (ii) H.H. Prince Berthold Fiiedrich Wilhelm Carl of Baden : born 

Feb. 24, 1906. 
866 (iii) H.H. Princess of Baden : born Sept. 28, 1912. 

87 (2) The lale H.R.H. Prince George William, Earl of Armagh (Georg 

Wilhelm Christian Albert Adolf of Cumberland &c.), G.C.V.O. : born 
Oct. 28, 1880 ; died (killed in a motor accident) May 20, 1912. 

88 (3) H.R.H. Alexandra, Gi-and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Pnnoess 

Alexandra Luise Marie Olga of Cumberland &c.) : born Sept. 29, 1882 ; 
married (1904) to H.R.H. Frederick Francis IV., Grand Duke of 
M.-Schwerin (Friedrich Fi'anz Michel, born April 9, 1882 ; succeeded his 
father in minority 1897). Issue: 
88'! (i) H.R.H. Frederick Franz Michel Wilhelm Nicholas, Hereditary 

GmndDuke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin : Jorn Apr. 22, igio. 

Cousins of His Majesty. 113 

88& (ii) H.H. DukeCHRiSTiAN Lodis of MECKLKNBaEO-ScHWEEiN : born 

Sept. 28. 1912. 

88c (iii) H.H. Duchess of Meoklenburg-Sehwerin : born Dee. 1916. 

89 (4) H.R.H. Princess Olga Adelheid Luise Marie Alexandra Agnes of Cumber- 

land &c. : born July 11, 1S84. 
go (5) H.R.H. Prince Er.vest Augustus, Eari of Armagh (Ernst August 

Christian Georg of Cumberland &c.), Reigning Duke of Brunswick. 
hnrn Nov. 17, 1887; acceded 1913; marri'fd (1913^ H.R.H. Princess 
Victoria Louisa, dau. of H.I. M. the Emperor William II.(>ee24). /wjc.- 
90a (i.) H.H. Prince Ernst August Georg Wilhebn Christian Ludwig 

Franz Josef Nicholaus, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick : borv 
March 18, 1914. 
gob (ii.) H.H. Prince Georg Wilhelm Ernst August Friedrich Axel of 

Brunswick, bnm March 25, 1915. 

91 2. H.R.H. Princess Frederic a. Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen (Frederica Sophia 

Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa of Hanover), a Princess of the United King- 
dom, Duchess of Brunswick-Liineburg. C.I., R.R.C. : '"irn at Hanover Jan. 
9, 1848 : married (1880) to Alphonse, Baron von Pawel-Rammingen (Euitbert 
Alexander George Lionel Alphons), K.C.B., K.C.V.O., K.H., V.D., Hon. Col. 
6th Batt. Essex Regt. Terr, [bnm July 27. 1843; natura',' sed 1S80). Residmce— 
Mouriscot, Bois de Boulogne, Biarritz. 

92 3. H.R.H. the late Princess M.vby of Hanover &e. (Mary Ernestine Alexandra). 

G.I. : bnm at Hanover Dec. 3, 1849 ; died June 4, 1904. 
Through H.E.H. Adolphu.s, iH Duke of Cambridgp, 6tJi brother 0/ the nuk"- of Kent. 

93 I. H.R.H. the late George William Frederick Charles, 2nd and last Duke of Cambridge, 

Earl of Tipperary. and Baron of Culloden (T.A'. 1801): bom March 26, 1819; died 
March 17, 1904, having married (morganatically) the late Miss Louisa Fairbrother 
(born 1815. died 1890). whose children bear the name of FitzGeor';b (.?«c Directory). 

94 n. H.R.H. the lale Augusta, Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Princess 

Augusta Caroline Louisa of Cambridge), a Princess of the United Kingdom, Duchess 
of Brunswick-Luneburg, C.I. : born at Hanover July 19, 1822: d/ci Dec. 1916. having 
married (1843) H.R.H. the late Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- 
Strelitz, K.G., G.C.B. {bor7i i8ig: died 1904). fles/afencs— Neustrelitz, Mecklenbui'g- 
Strelitz. Issue: 

95 1. H.R.H. the late Adolphus Frederick Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 

K.G. : born 1848; sue. 1904; married (1877) H.H. (now H.R.H.) Princess 
Elisabeth Marie Fiiederike Amalie Agnes of Anhalt (eldest daughter of H.S.H. 
the late Reigning Duke Leopold Frederick, and horn Sept. 7. 1857) , died 1914. Issue .- 

96 (1) H.H. Duchess Victoria Marie Auguste Leopoldine of Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz : born May 8, 1878 ; married (1899) to Maurice George, Count 
Jametel, but div. 1908 and has resumed former title. 

97 (i) Son born Feb. 3, 1904. 

98 (2) H.H. Princess Militza of Montenegro (//c^? Duthess Augruste Charlotte 

Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ; but now takes name Militza, which 
was that of her husband's sister before marriage) : horn Jan. 24, 1880 ; 
married (1899) to the Crown Prince Danilo Alexander of Montenegro, 
G.C.V.O. {born June 29, 1871). Besidenee — Cettinje, Montenegro. 

99 (3) H.R.H. Adolf Frederick, Reigning Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz (Adolf Friedrich Georg Ernst Albert Eduard) : born June 17, 
1882, .SMC. his father 1914. Residenr.e — Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz. 

100 (4) H.H. the late Duke Charles Borwin of Mecklenburg-Strelitz: horn 

Oct. 10, i888 ; died Aug. 24, 1908. 

101 m. H.R.H. the late Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck (Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmia 

Elizabeth of Cambridge) : horn at Hanover, Nov. 27, 1833; died Oct. 27, 1897, having 
been »mr;-!>rf (1866) to H.H. the late Francis, Prince and Duke of Teck, G.C.B. , G.C.VO". 
(H.S.H. Franz Paul Carl Ludwig Alexander, feorn Aug. 27, 1837; ereated " Highness ". by 
English warrant 1887 ; rfiVrf Jan. 21, 1900). Issue: 

102 1. H.M. Queen Mary irtee H.S.H. Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline 

Claudine Agnes of Teck, "Princess May"): born May 26, 1867. 

103 2. Adolphus, now Marquess of Cambridge, q.v. Directory, and for issue. 

107 3. H.S.H.the Z'T/e Prince Francis JosephLeopold Frederick of Teck, G.C.V. 0.,D.S.O., 

Major 1st Dragoons : horn Jan. 9, 1870; died Oct. 22, 1910. 

108 4. Alexander Augustus Frederick George Cambridge, Earl of Athlone, q.v. 

Directory, and for issue : bom April 14, 1874, manned (1904), H.R.H. Princess 
Alice of Albany, V.A. (see 76). 

B. On side of Duchess op Kent ; 2nd Cousins, with Descendants. 
Through Princess Sophia, Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

109 I. The late Alpons Friedrich, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly: bom 1810: died 1894, 

having married (ist, 1843) the late Countess Theresa of Dietrichstein {died 1856), 
and (2ndly, 1862) the late Countess Marie von Lamberg {died 1876). Issue: 
>io 1. The late Victoria, Countess Oberneorff (Victorie Therese von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly) : barn (of 1st wife) 1844 ; died 1909, having been married (1865) to the 
late Charles, Count Oberndorff, long deceased. 
•11-2 (1,2) A son and daughter, names not given. 

1 14 The Royal Family {Relatives). 

I 113 2. The late Sophia, Countess Friedrich Kinsky (Sophie Marie von Mbnsdokpf- 

i Pouilly) : horn (of 1st wife) July 30, 1845; married (1864) to the late Count 

I Friedrich Carl Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau {born 1834, died i8gg). Issue : 

I 114 (1) Theresa, Countess Siegfried von Claiiy-Aldkingen (Countess Therbse 

Marie Kinsky) : horn Dec. 10, 1867 ; married (1885) to Count Siegfried 
I Franz Johann Carl von Clary- Aldringbn (iorn Oct. 14, 1848). Issue: 

j 115 (i) Elisabeth Albxandrina, Countess Baillet de Latour: horn 

I Dec. 14, 1885 ; married (1904) to Henri, Count Baillet de L. 

I 116 (ii) Count Alfons Maria von Clary-Aldringen : born March 12, 1887. 

I 117 (iii) Countess Sophie Marie von Clary-Aldrinobn : born Sept. 2, i8gi. 

i ii8 (2) WiLHBLMiNA, Couutess Henckel (Countess "Wilhelmine Marie Kinsky): 

j born 1869; mar. (1895) to Edwin. Count Henckel. 

119 (3) H.S.H. the Hereditary Princess of LowENSTBiN-Wertheim-Eochefort (nee 

Countess Maria Josephine Kinsky) : born Aug. 23, 1874 ; married (1898) 
to H.S.H. Aloyse Joseph Camill, FTered. Prince, &c. [horn Sept. 15, 1871). 

liga (i) Princess Marie Sophia of LOwbnstein : bnrn May 9, igoo. 

1196 (ii) Princess Marie Aones of LOwbnstein : ?)o»?j Jiily 13, 1902. 

iigc (iii) The Hered. Prince Carl Friedrich of LOwbnstein : born Feb. 8, ig04. 

ii9(i (iv) Princess Marie Monica of LOwbnstein : iwra Feb. 25, 1905. 

iige (v) Prince Felix Joseph Friedrich of Lowenstein : born Anril 6, igo?. 

120 (4) Count Francis Joseph von Nepomuk-Paschalis (Maria Franz Josfph 

Alfons Johann Kinsky): born May n, l87g ; married (igo8) Pauline 
Emmanuelle, Countess of Belgarde {born Dec. 13, 1888). Issue: 
120a Countess Sophia of Nepomuk-Pouilly (Marie Sophie Henriette) : 

born Feb. 24, igog. 

121 3. Alphonsb, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly (Alfons Wladimir Franz Emanuel 

Rochus) : horn (of 2nd wife) Aug. 16, 1864. 

122 II. The late Alexander, Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly, afterwards H.S.H. the Prince of 

DiBTRiCHSTRiN-NiGOLiiBURG, K.C.B. : bom 1813 ; di«(i 1871. having ?«ar7-ie(i( 1857) the toe 
Countess Alexandrine Marie of Dietr.-Nicolsb. {died l^oS). Issue: 

123 1. H.S.H. Hugo, Prince von Dietr.-Nicolsb. and Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly 

(Hugo Alfons Wenceslaus) : bom Dec. ig, 1858 ; succeeded his father 1871; married 
(i8g2) Princess Oloa Alexandrovna Dolgorouki : born Nov. 27, 1873. Issue: 

124 (i) Countess Alexandrine von Dietr.-Nicolsb.: born March 24, 1894. 
125'' ',2) Countess Olga von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : horn Dec. 4, i8g7. 

126 (3) Count Alexander Albert Victor von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : born July 15, iSgg. 

127 (4) Countess Marie Epiphania Olothilde von Dietr.-Nicolsb. : h. Jan. 6, 1901. 

128 2. Count Albert Victor Julius Joseph Michael von Mensdorpf-Podilly-Dibtrich- 

stein, late Austio- Hungarian Ambassador in London: horn Sept. 5, 1861. 
I2g (130) 3. Countess Apponyi {nee Countess Clothilde Wilhelmine Josepha von Mensdorff- 

Pouilly-Dietrichstbin) : born Dec. 23, 1867; mam'ec? (i8g7) to Albert, Count 
Through H.R.H. Princess Antoinetta, Duchess Alexander of WUrtemberg, aunt of Queen Victoria. 

131 I. H.R.H. the late Duke Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander of Wortemberg : born 1804: died 

1881, having married (1837) H.B.H. the late Princess Marie Christine d'Orl^ans (second 
daughter of King Louis Philippe, and horn 1813, died 1839). Issue: 

132 1. H.R.H. Duke Philipp Alexander Maria Ernst of Wurtemberg : born July 30, 

1838; ma);;erf (1865) H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Maria Theresia Anna of Austria, 
daughter of H.I. & R.H. the late Archduke Albrecht : horn July 15, 1845. Issue : 

133 (1) H.R.H. Duke Albert (Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph) of 

Wurtemberg: born Dec. 23, 1865; married (1893) H.I. & R.H. Vaelate 
Archduchess Maroaeeta Sophia Marie Annunciata of Austria (eldest 
r of the Archduke Charles Louis : So™ 1870 ; died xqo2). Issue: 
(i^ H.R.H. Duke Philipp Albrecht Carl Maria Joseph Leopold of 
Wurtemberg: Jo™ Nov. 14, 1893. 

135 (ii) H.R.H. Duke Albrecht Eugbn Maria Philipp Fortunatus of 

Wurtemberg: horn Jan. 8, i8g5. 

136 (iii) H.R.H. Duke Carl Alexander Maria Philipp Gregor of WtJB- 

tbmberg : horn March 12, i8g6. 

137 (iv) H.R.H. Duchess Marie Amalie Assunta Josephine of WOktem- 

berg: born Aug. 15, i8g7. 

138 (v) H.R.H. Duchess Maria Theresia Margareta Annonciada of 

Wurtemberg : horn Aug. 16, 1898. 

139 - (vi) H.R.H. Duchess Margareta Marie Annonciada Beuoite of Wur- 

temberg : born Jan. 4, 1902. 

140 (2) H.R.H. the late Princess John George of Saxony (Duchess Maria Isabelle 

of WWrtemberg) : born Aug. 30, 1871 ; died May 24, 1904, having been 
inarried (1894) to H.R.H. Prince Johann Georg of Saxony— see 161. 

141 (3) H.R.H. Duke Robert Maria Clemens Philipp Joseph of Wurtemberg: 

born 1873; married (1900) H.I. & R.H. Archdss. Maria Immaoulata 
Raineria of Austria-Tuscany (daughter of H.I.H. the late Archduke 
Carl Salvator, horn 1878). 

142 (4) H.R.H. Duke Ulrich Maria Ludwig Philipp Joseph Anjon of WdRTBM- 

berg : born June 13, 1877. 

Cousins of His Majesty. iii 

Through Duke Ferdinand George of Saxe-Coburg, uncle of Queen Victoria. 
I.R.H. the late Prince Ferdinand August Franz Anton of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 
Regent of Portugal (styled King from 1837 till the Queen's decease) : born 1816 ; died 
1885, having married (1836, as his second consort) H.M. the late Queen Dona Maria n. 
da Gloria of Portugal {horn 1819 ; succeeded 1826 ; died 1853, when both she and her hus- 
band were succeeded by their son Dom Pedro V., who died childless i86i). Issue: 

1. H.M. the late Dom Luiz, King of Portugal : horn 1838; succeeded his brother Dom 

Pedro V. 1861 ; died 1889, having macrfed (1862) H.R.H. the late Maria Pi a Princess 
ofSAVOT(daughterofKingVictorEmmanuelU. of Italy, ioDi 1847, d. 1911). Issue: 

(1) H.M. the late Dom Carlos I., King of Portugal and Algarve, K.G. 

(Carlos Fernando Luiz Maria): horn Sept. 28, 1863; succeededhis father 
1889; a.?sass!«a!'e(?Feb. 1,1908, having 7narr(><^(i886) H.R.H. Princess Marie 
Amelie Louise Helene d'ORLEANS, late Queen Regent (eldest daughter of 
the Comte de Paris, and born at Twickenham Sept. 28, 1865. Issue : 

(i) H.R.H. the late Louis Philip, Duke of Braganza, K.G. (Luiz 

FeUppe Maria Carlos) : horn 1887 ; assassinated with his father, 
(ii) H.M. Dom Manuel, Ex-King of Portugal and Algarve (Manuel 
Maria FeUppe Eugenio), K.G. : &orn Nov. 15, 1889; succeeded 
his father and brother on their assassination ; dethroned 1910 ; 
married (1913) Princess Augustine Victoria, daughter of 
H.S.H. the Priace of HohenzoUem, see 165 (i). Residence — 
Fulwell Park, Twickenham, Middlesex. 

(2) H.R.H. Infante Alpiionso, Duke of Oporto and of Saxony (Affonso 

Henrique Napoleon Pedro d' Alcantara) : horn July 31, 1865. 

2. H.R.H. the late Princess George of Saxony (Dona Maria Anna, Infanta of 

Portugal) : horn 1843 ; died 1884, having married (1859) H.R.H. Prince Friedrich 
August Georg, afterwards H.M. the late King of Saxony [horn 1832 ; died 1904). 
Issue : 

(1) H.R.H. Princess Matilda of Saxony (Mathilde Marie Auguste Victoria 

Josepha) : born March 19, 1863. 

(2) H.M. Frederick Augustus III., King of Saxony (Friedrich August 

Johann PhiUpp) : horn May 25, 1865; succeeded 1904; married (1891) 
H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Louise Antoinette Maria of Austria-Tub- 
c AN Y (daughter of the late Grand Duke Ferdinand IV.) , whom he divorced 
1903, and who was remarried (1907) to Enrico Toselh, of Fiesole. Issue: 
(i) H.R.H. the Crown Prince George of Saxony- (Friedrich August 
\ Georg Paul Marcellus) : horn Jan. 15," 1893. 

(ii) H.R.H. Prince Frederick Christian of S*xony' (Friedrich 

Christian Albert Macarius) : born Dec. 31, 1893. 
(iii) H.R.H. Prince Ernest Henry of Saxony (Ernst Heinrich 

Ferdiaand Melchiades) : horn Dec. 9, 1896. 

(iv) H.R.H. Princess Margarete Carola Wilhelmine of Saxony : horn 

Jan. 24, 1900. [1901. 

(v) H.R.H. Princess Marie Alice Luitpold of Saxony : horn Sept. 27, 

(^-i) H.R.H. Piincess Anne Monica Pia of Saxony : horn May 4, 1903. 

(3) H.I.H. the Archduchess Otho Francis Joseph of Austria (ree'e H.R.H. 

Princess Maria Josepha Luise PhilippLne Elisabeth of Saxony) : horn 

May 31, 1867; married (1886) to H.I. & R.H. the ?rt?e Archduke Otto 

Franz Joseph of Austria (horn April 21, 1865 ; died Nov. 1, igo6). Issue: 

(i) H.I. & R.H. Archduke Carl Franz Joseph Otto Maria of Austria, 

heir pres. to the thrones of Austria and Hungary : horn Aug. 17, 

1887, married 1911 H.R.H. Princess Zita Marie des Graces, 

daughter of H.R.H. the late Duke Robert of Parma, and born 

May 9j_i892. Iss_uej_ _ _ [Nov. 20, 1912. 

" ia: lorn 

(i.) H.I. and R.H. Prince Franz Joseph of Austri 
(ii.) H.I. and R.H. Prince Robert Karl Ludwig of Austria ; 
horn Feb. 7, 1915. 

(iii.) H.I. and R.H. Prince , of Austria, bom May 31, 1916. 

(ii) H.I. & R.H. Archduke Maximilian Edgen Ludwig Friedich, 

of Austria : horn April 13. 1895. 

(4) H.R.H. Prince John George of Saxony (Johann Georg Pius Aaacletus) : 

born 1869 ; married, ist, 1894, H.R.H. the late Duchess Isabelle of 

Wurtemberg {died 1904— see 140) ; 2ndly, 1906, H.R.H. Princess Maria 

Ijimaculata, daughter of H.R.H. Prince Alfonso of Bourbon-Sicilies, 

born 1874. 
H.R.H. Princ 

(5) H.R.H. Prince Maximilian WUhelm August Albert Carl Gregor Odo of 
Saxony, a priest and Doctor of Law and Theology : horn Nov. 17, 1870. 
3. H.R.H. the late Antonia, Princess of Hohenzollern, Infanta of Portugal i^Dona 
Antonia Maria Fernanda) , Duchess of Saxony: born 1845, having »?iar/(V(? (1861) 
H.R.H. the late Leopold Stephan Carl ThassUo, Prince of Hohenzollern 
{horn Sept. 22, 1835 ; died June 8, 1905). Issue: 
* (1) H.S.H. William, Prince of Hohenzollern (Wilhelm August Cail Bene- 
dict) : born March 7, 1864 ; succeeded 1905 ; married 1st (1889) H.R.H. the 
late Princess Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Sicilibs (daughter 


ii6 The Royal Family {Relatives). 




of the late Luigi, Conte di Trani, horn 1867, died 1909) , 2ndly; 1915, H.B.H. 
Princess Adklqundb, daughter of H.M. King Ludwig HI. of Bavaria 
horn 1870. Issiire : 
j5,. (i) H.S.H. Princess AuftusxiNE Victoria "Wilhelmine Ludovica of 

HoHENZOLLBEN : hom Aug. 19, 1890 ; mnr. 1913—866 147 (ii)^. 
j55 (ii) H.S.H. the Hered. Prince Friedrich Viotob Pius Ferdinand of 

HoHBNZOLLERN : 6orn Aug. 30, 1891. [«»!« with preceding. 

j57 (iii) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Ludwig ThassiLo of Hohbnzollkrn : 

168 (2) H.M. King Ferdinand of RonMAsiA,G.C.B., G.C.V.O. (Ferdinand Victor 

Albert Meinrad of Hohbnzoli-ern) : hnm 1865 ; succeeded his uncle H.M. 
King Charles (second son of Prince CharlesAntoine of Hohenzollbbn- 
Sigmaringbn), 1914: married (1893) H.M. Queen Ferdinand (Princess 
Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxb-Cobubo), V.A., C.I. (eldest daughter 
of H.E.H. the late Reigning Duke Alfred, horn 1875— see 61). Issue : 
i6q (i) H.R.H. Carol, Prince Royal of Roumania : born Oct. 15, 1893. 

(ii) H.R.H. Princess Elisabeth Charlotte Alexandra of Roumania : 

horn Oct. 11, 1894. 
(iii) H.R.H. Princess Marie of Roumania : born Jan. 8, 1900. 
(iv) H.R.H. Prince Nicholas of Roumania : horn Aug. 17, 1903. 
(v) H.R.H. Princess Ilbana of Roumania : horn Jan. 5, 1909. 
(vi) H.R.H. the late Prince Mircba of Roumania : horn Jan. 3, 1913, 
died Nov. 1916. 
I3) H.S.H. Prince Carl Anton Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig of Hohenzollebn : 
horn Sept. 1, 1868 ; married (1894) his cousin H.R.H. Princess Josephinb 
Caroline Marie Albertine of Belgium (daughter of H.R.H. Philippe, 
Comte de Flandre, and born Oct. 18, 1872— see 241). Issue : 
174 (i) Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollkrn : born April 8, 1895. 

i-c (ii) Princess Marib Antoinette of HoHBNZOLi.ERN : ftora Oct. 23, 1896. 

j„5 (iii) Prince Albert Ludwig of HoHENZOLLBRN : ftorn Sept. 28, 1898. 

177 II H H. the latr Prince Augustus of Saxe-Cobueg and Gotha (August Ludwig Victor: 
' liorn 1818 ; died 1881, having married (1843) H.R.H. the late Marie Clementine Clothilde 

d'OKLBANS (daughter of King Louis Philippe, horn 1817; died 1907). Issue: \ 

178 1 H.H.PrincePHiLipofSAXE-CoBURG AND GoTHA(FerdinandPhilippMana August), \ 

Duke of Saxony: born March 28, 1844; married (1875) his second cousin 
H.R.H. Princess Louise of Belgium (see 234), but the marriage was dissolved 
(1906), and shiB resumes her former designation. Issue: ; 

,79 (1) H.H. the late Prince Leopold Clemens Philipp August Mana of Saxi?- , 

CoBURG &c. : 60™ July 19, 1878, trterf 1916. „„^. • 

,80 (2) H.H. Dorothea, Duchess of Holstbin-Augustbnburq [nee H.H. Princess 

Dorothea Marie Henriette Auguste Luise of Saxe-Coburg, &c.) : 
horn April 30, 1881 ; married (1898) to H.H. Ernst Gunther,' Duke of 
HoLSTBiN-AuG. (6orn 1863— see 281). 
i8i 2. H.H. The late Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg, &c. (Ludwig August) : born 1845 ; 

died 1907, having married (1864) H.I.H. the late Princess Leopoldina of Brazil 
(daughter of the Emperor Dom Pedro II., and horn 1847, 'i'«d 1871). ■'««««■■ 
182 (1) Prince Peter August Ludwig Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg &c. : horn 1866. 

,80 (2) Prince August Leopold PhUipp Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburo &c.\ horn 

■^ Dec. 6, 1867; married (1894) H.I.'& R.H. Archdss. Caroline Maria 

Immaculata of AusTRiA-TuscANY (daughter of H.I.H. the late Arch- 
duke Carl Sal vator, and Sorra Sept. 5, 1869). Issue: 
184 (i) The late Prince August of Saxb-Coeueo &c. : horn 1895 ; died 1909. 

,8= (ii) Princess Clementine Maria Theresia Gonzaga of Saxe-Cobueg: 

3 Sor« March 23, 1897. [born Jan. 10,1899. 

186 (iii) Princess Maria Caroline Philomena Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : 

187 • (iv) Prince Rainer Maria Joseph of Saxe-Coburg : horn May 4, 1900. 
,88 (v) Prince Philipp Jossie Marie Joseph of Saxe-Coburo : born 1901. 
,8q (vi) Princess Theresia Christiana Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburo : boi-n 1902. 
jno (vii) Princess Leopoldink Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg : born 1905. 

.aoa (viii) Prince Ernst Franz of Saxe-Coburg : horn Jan. 25, 1907. 

,Si (-j) Prince Louis (Ludwig Gaston Clemens Maria) of Saxe-Cobueg &c.: horn 

^ Sept. 15, 1870; married (1st, 1900) H.R.H. the late Princess Mathilda 

of Bavaria (daughter of H.M. King Ludwig, and born 1877 ; d,ed 
1906) ; remarried (1907) Anna, Countess of Trautmannsdorf-WeinsbOTg 
(6o7-n 1873). Zsswe (1st marriage) : 
,Q2 (i) Prince Anton Clemens of Saxe-Coburg : horn June 17, 1901. 

.%a (ii) Princess Marie Immaoulata of Saxe-Coburg : horn Sept. lo, 1904. 

II 3. H.I. & R.H. Archduchess Joseph of Austria (Princess Mane Adelheid Amahe j 

^' Clothilde of Saxe-Cobueg &c.) : born July 8, 1846 ; -married (1864) to H.I. & R.H. | 

the late Archduke Joseph Carl of Austria [died June 13, 1905). Issue: 
, (1) H.I. & R.H. Maria, Duchess of Orleans (Archduchess Maria Dorothea 

^3 Amalia of Austria) : born June 14, 1867 ; married (1896) to H.R.H. Prince 

Louis Philippe Robert, Due d'ORLEANS, chief of ttie French bi-anch 
of the House of Bourbon (son of the late Comte de Pans, and horn at 
Twickenham, Feb. 6, 1869). ^ ,,,_:,, 

igg (2) H.I., R., & S.H. Maroarete, Princess of Thurn and Taxis (Archduchess 

Cousins of His Majesty. 117 

Makgakete Clementine Maria of Austkia) : horn July 6, 1870 ; married 
(1890) to H.S.H. Albert Maria Joseph Maximilian Lamoral, E«igning 
Prince of Thuen and Taxis {horn May 8, 1867). Issue: 

(i) Pkancis Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and T. (Franz 

Joseph Maximilian Maria) : horn Dec. 21, 1893. 
(ii) Prince Carl August of Thurn and T. : horn July 23, 1898. 
(iii) Prince Ludwig Philipp of Thurn and T. : horn Feb. 2, 1901. 
(iv) Prince Max Emmanuel Maria of Thurn and T. : horn 1902. 
' (v) Princess Elisabeth Helena of Thurn and T. : horn 1903. 

(vi) PrinceBAPHAELBiiinerCliarlesof Thuen AND T. : JorH May 30, 1906. 
[yii) Pi-ince Philipp Ernst of Thurn and T. : horn May 7, 1908. 

(3) H.I. & E.H. Archduke Joseph August "Victor Clemens Maria of Austria : 
horn 1872; married (1893) H.R.H. Princess Augusta Maria Luise of 
Bavaeia (daughter of H.E.H. the late Prince Leopold of Bavaria : horn 
1875). Issue: 

(i) Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria : ?Jorm March 28, 1895. 
(ii; Archduchess Sophie Clementine Elisabeth of Austria : horn 

March 11, 1899. 
(iii) Archduke Ladislas Luitpold of Austria : horn Jan. 3, 1901. 
-(iv) Archduchess Madeleine Marie Eeinere : horn Sept. 6, 1909. 

(4) H.I. & E.H. Ai-chduchess Elisabeth Heneiette Clothilde Maria Victoria 
of Austria : horn March 9, 1883. 

4. H.E.H. the late Duchess Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (Pi-incess Amalie of 
Saxe-Cobueg &c.) : horn 1848; died 1894, having married (1875) H.E.H. the late 
Duke Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria (JorMi849; <iierf 1893). Issue: 

(1) H.E.H. Duke Siegfried August of Bavaria : So™ July 10, 1876. 

(2) H.E.H. Duke Christoph Joseph of Bavaria : horn April 22, 1879. 

(3) H.E.H. Duke Luitpold Emamiel Ludwig of Bavaria : horn June 30, 1890. 

5. H.M. Ferdinand, King (Tsar) of Bulgaria (Ferdinand Maximilian Carl Leopold 
Marie of Saxe-Coburg &c.), Duke of Saxony : horn Feb. 26, 1861 : elected (1887) 
as Ferdinand I., Prince of Bulgaria; proclaimed King 1908 ; married, ist (1893), 
the late H.E.H. Princess Maria Louisa of Partha, horn 1870, died 1899 
(daughter of the late Eobert, Duke of Pai-ma) ; 2ndly (1908), H.S.H. Princess 
Eleonore Caroline of Eeuss-Kostritz {horn i86o). Issue : 

(1) H.E.H. Boris, Prince Eoyal of Bulgaria, Prince of Tienova (Boris 
Clement Eobert Maria Pius), Duke of Saxony : horn Jan. 30, 1894, n.s. 

(2) H.E.H. Prince Cyril of Bulgaria, Prince of Preslav (Cyril Henry 
Francis) : horn Nov. 17. 1895. 

(3) H.E.H. Eupoxia Augusta Philippine of Bulgaria : horn 1898. 

(4) H.E.H. Princess Nade.tda Clementine Maria of Bulgaria : horn 1899. 
III. H.E.H. the late Victoria, Duchesse de Nemours {nee H.H. Pilncess Victoria Auguste 

Antoinette of Saxe-Cobueg &c.) : horn 1822 ; died 1857, having married (1840) H.E.H. 
Marie the late Pi-ince Louis Charles Philippe Eaphael d'OKLEANS, Due de Nemoqes 
(&f)r« 1814, *'«Z l8g6). Issue: 

217 1. H.E.H. Prince Gaston of Orleans, Comte d'Eu (Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand 

Gaston) : horn April 28, 1842 ; married (1864) H.I.H. Princess Isabel Christina 
Leopoldina Agostinha of Brazil (daughter of H.I.M. the late Emperor^om 
Pedro IL, Infante of Portugal : hm-n July 29, 1846). Issue: 

218 (1) H.E.H. Prince Pierre d' Alcantara Louis Philippe d'ORLEANS : lorn 1875 ; 

married (1908) Mafie Elisabeth, Countess of Dobezenskt {horn 1875). 
(i) H.E.H. Princess Isabelle Marie d'ORLEANS : horn Aug. 13, 1911. 
(it) H.E.H. Prince Pierre Gaston d'ORLEANS : torre Feb. ig, 1913. 
(iii) H.E.H. Princess Marie Feancoise d'ORLEANS : horn Sept. 8, 1914. 

219 (2) H.E.H. Prince Louis Marie PhOippe d'ORLEANS : horn Jan. 26, 1878; 

marrird (igo8) Maria Pia, Princess of Bourbon-Sicily {horn 1878). Issue: 
aigrt (i) H.E.H. Prince Pierre Alphonso d'ORLEANS : horn Sept. 13, 1909. 

(ii) H.E.H. Prince Louis Gaston d'ORLEANS : horn Feb. 19, ign. 
(iii) H.E.H. Princess Pia Marie d'ORLEANS : horn March 4, 1913. 

220 (3) H.E.H. Prince Antoine Gaston d'ORLEANS: horn Aug. 9, 1881. 

221 2. H.E.H. the late Prince Ferdinand Philippe Marie d'ORLEANS, Due d'ALEN90N : 

horn 1844; d'lfd 1910, having married (i868) H.E.H. the late Duchesse Sophie 
Charlotte Auguste of Bavaria (daughter of H.E.H. the late Duke Maximilian, 
horn 1847, died in the fire at the Bazar de la Charity, Paris, May 4, 1897). Issue: 

222 (1) H.E.H. Princess Alphonse of Bavaria (H.E.H. Princess Louise Victoire 

d'ORLEANS) : 'orn July 9, 1869; marrifd (1891) to H.E.H. Prince Alfons 
Maria Franz von Assisi of Bavaria {horn Jan. 24, 1862). Issue: 

223 (i' Prince Joseph Clement Philipp Neri of Bavaria : horn 1902. 

224 (2) H.E.H. Prince Emmanuel of Orleans, Due de VendOme (Philipp 

Emmanuel Marie Eudes) : horn 1872 ; married (1896) his second cousin 
H.E.H. Princess Henriette of Flanders {horn 1870— see 240). Issue: 

225 (i)' Princess Marie Louise of Ouleans : horn Dec. 31, i8g6. 

226 (ii) Princess Sophie Josephine of Orleans : 60™ Oct. 19, 1898. 

227 (iii) Princess GeneviSve Marie of Orleans : horn Sept. 21, igoi. 

227a (iv) Prince Charles Philippe of Orleans, Due de Nemours: horn 
April 4, 1905. 

The Royal Family {Relatives). 


228 1 H R H. the late Princess Czahtorybki (H.R.H. Princess Marodkkite Adelaide 

iviarie d'ORLEANS) : lorn 1846; died 1893, having married (1872), as second wife, 
the late Ladislaus, Prince Czartobyski {horn 1828 ; died 1894). Issue: 

(1) Ad,am Louis, Prince Cz artoryski, Duke of Klewan and Zuko-w : lorn 1872 ; 
^ Carried (1901) Marie Louise, Comtesse Krasn^-Krasinska [lorn 1883). 

-on (i) Princess Isabelle Marguerite Czartoryski : lorn Aug. 17, 1902. 

(ii) Princess Elisadeth Blanche Czartoryski : lorn Sept. 1, 1905. 

(2) Prince Witold Kasimir Philipp Johann Czartoryski : lorn March 10, 1876. 
(■x) Prince Joseph August Czartoryski : lorn Oct. 20, 1907. „ ^ „ „ 

4 H R H Princess Blanche Marie Amflie Caroline d'ORLEANS : horn Oct. 28, 1857. 
Throuqh H.M. Leopold I., King of the Belgians, uncle of Queen Victoria. 
2'^3 L H.M. the iate Leopold H. , King of the Belgians, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Cobu^ 

and Gotha, K.G. : lorn 1835 ; succeeded his father 1865 ; died igio, hnYmg marned (1853) 
HI & R H the late Archduchess Maria Henriette Anna of Austria, V.A. (daughter 
of "the late AJ-chduke Joseph, Count Palatine of Hungary, lorn 1836 ; died 1002) . Isfue: 
2~. 1 H R H. Princess Louise Marie Amelie of Belgium : lorn Feb. 18, 1858 ; married 

'(1875), but marriage (Z?sso?i'ed (1906)— see 178. _^ 

2 H I & R.H. Princess Stephanie, Countess Lontay, late Dowager Prmcess 
•*^ ■ imperial of Austria {nee H.R.H. Princess Stephanie Clothilde of Bhlgicm) : 

horn May 21, 1864; married, 1st (1881), to H.I. & R-H. the late Archduke 
Rudolf, Prince Imperial of Austria {horn 1858; died 1889); 2ndly (1900), to 
Elemer, Prince LoNYAY. /.<;«»« (1st marriage) : ,. ,, ^ „ 

„„g (1) H I & R.H. Princess Otto zu Windisch-GrAtz (Archduchess Elisabeth 

•^ Marie Henriette Stephanie of Austria) : horn 1883 ; married 1902, to 

H S H. Prince Otto Veriand Hugo Ernst zu W.-GbAtz {born 1873). 
„ „ (i) H.S.H. Prince Franz Joseph Oetavien zu W.-GrAtz : lorn 1904. 

„^' (ii) H.S.H. Prince Ernest Veriand zu W.-GeAtz : horn April 21, 1905. 

2^',, (iii) H.S.H. Prince Rudolf Johann zu W.-GrAtz : born Feb. 4, 1907. 

2^' (iv) H.S.H. Princess Stephanie ELfioNORE zu W.-GrAtz : horn 1909. 

208 , H.R.H. Princess Clementine Alberte L^opoldine of Belgium: Jorn July 30, 1872; 

man-ied (Nov. 14, 1910), Prince Victor Napoleon. Issue: 
2o8(i (i) Princess Marie Clotilde ; horn March 20, 1912. 

ooRfc (ii) Prince Napoleon Louis : horn Jan. 23, 1914. . 

til II H R.H. the late Prince Philip, Count of Flanders : horn 1837 ; died 1905, having married 
(1867) the late Pi-incess Maria Louise Alexandrine Caroline of Hohbnzollern (daughter 
of H R H the late Carl Anton, Piince of HohenzoUem : horn 1845 ; died 1912) . Issue : 
1 H R H Henriette, Duchesse de Vend6me, Piincess Emmanuel of Orleans 
' (H R H Princess Henriette Marie Charlotte Antoinette of Flanders) : born 
Nov -io 1870 {twin with the late Pi-incess Josephine, who died 1871— see 241 
for the present Princess Josephine) ; married (1896) to H.R.H. Prmce Emmanuel 
d'ORLEANS, Due deVENDftME (J. 1872— see 224). ,^ ^ .„ .^. ^ , 

2,, 2 H R. & S.H. Princess Carl Anton of Hohenzollern (H.R.H. Princess Jos|phine 

* Caroline Marie Albertine of Flanders) : horn Oct. 18, 1872 ; married (1894) to 

H S H. Prince Carl Anton of Hohenzollern {horn Sept. 1, 1868— see 173). 

„., o H M Albert I. (Albert Leopold Clement Marie Meinrad), present King of 

^ ,' 'the Belgians, K.G., Hon. Knight of Justice of St. John of Jems., and 

Col.-in-Chief 5th Dragoon Gds. : horn April 8, 1875; succeededhia uncle, 1910; 

married (1900) H.R.H. Duchess Elisabeth Valerie Gabriele Mane of Bavaria, 

Hon Lady of Justice as above (daughter of the late Duke Cari Theodor, and 

ftorn July 25 1876). . [^-orn Nov. 3, 1901. 

(1) H R H. Prince Leopold PhUippe Charles of Belgium, Duke of Brabant : 

2^ (2) H.R.H. Prince Charles Theodore Henri of Belgium, is a naval cadet : 

horn Oct. 10, 1903. 
,-.„ (3) H.R.H. Princess Marie Josit Charlotte of Belgium : born Aug. 4. igoo- 

2dX m H.I.M. the Archduchess Maximilian, ex-Empress of Mexico {nee H.R.H. Pi-mcess Marie 
Charlotte AmeUe Leopoldine of Belgium) : born June 7, 1840; married (1857) H.I.M. 
the late Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Emperor of Mexico {born 1832 ; put to death 
by the Republican Government 1867). 
C 1st Cousins once removed, with Descendants (side op Duchess of Kent continued). 
Through Charles Emich, Prince of Leiningen half-brother %f Q^^^^l/'"^"/^ ■ ^ . ,_. , 
246 I. H.S.H. the late Ernest, Reigning Prince of Leiningen, »-.C-B;, G-C-V.O., an Admiral 

in the British Navy : horn 1830; died 1904, having married 1858) H.G.D.H. the late 
Princess Marie Amalie of Baden, V.A. {horn 1834; died 1899). Issue: j, ^^ ,. 

1. H.S.H. Emich Charles, Reigning Piince of Leiningen (Emich Eduard Carl) : 
^' born Jan. 18, 1866 ; succeeded his father 1904 ; married (1894) his second cousm, 

Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-LangenBurg (second daughter of H.S.H. 
Hermann, Prince of the same, and horn July 23, 1866— see 266) . Issue : 
- g (1) H.S.H. Pi-incess Victoria Marie of Leiningen : oom May 12, 1895. . 

249 (2) H.S.H. Prince Emich Ernest Hermann Heiniioh Maxumhan, Hered. Prmce 

of Leiningen : born Dec. 29, 1896. 
ocQ (3) H.S.H. Prince Friedbich Cabl Eduard of Leiningen : born 1898. 

til (4) H.S.H. Prince Heemann Victor Maximilian of Leiningen : Jorn Jan.4, 1901. 

352 (5) H.S.H. Prince Hesso Leopold Heinrich of Leiningen : bom July 29, 1903. 

253 II. H.S.H. Pi-ince Eduard Friedrich of Leiningen : horn Jan. 5, 1833. 

Cousins of His Majesty. 119 

Through Princess Anne Feodora of ffohenlohe, half-sister of Qxieen Victoria. 

254 I. The late Pi-ince Charles of Hohenlohe-Langenbukg: iora 1829; died 1907, having 

married morga,natica,llY (i86i) Baroness von Bbonn, and resigned the succession to his 
next brother (children named Bkonn). 

255 II. The !ate Prince Hermann Ernst ITi-anz Bemhard, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenbueo 

and Imperial Statthalter in Alsace-Lon-aine : born 1832 ; sue. his father i860 ; died 
1913, having married (1862) H.G.D.H. the late Pi'incess Leopoldina, Margi'avijie 
of Baden ; tKeti 1903. Issue: 

256 1. Ernst "Wilhelm Friedrich Carl Maximilian, Reigning Prince of Hohenlohe- 

Langenburg: horn Sept. 13, 1863; s!(c. his father 1913; married {i8q6) H.R.H. 
ncess Alexandra of Saxe-Cobdrg, C.I. 

(l) Prince Gottfried Hermann Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Hoiienlohe- 
Langenbukg : horn March 24, 1897. 
238 (2) H.H. Princess Friedrich of Hulstein-Glucksbueg (Princess Maria 

Melita Leopoldine of Kobe^lohe), married (1916) to H.H. Prince Fried- 
rich, &c. (see 279) : horn Jan. l8, 1899. 

259 (3) Princess Alexandra Beati-ice of Hohenlohe : born April 2, igoi. 

260 (4) Princess Irma Helena of Hohenlohe : horn July 4, 1902. 

261 2. H.S.H. Elise, Hereditary Princess of Reuss (Princess Elise Victoria Feodora 

of Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : born Sept. 4, 1864; married (1884) to H.S.H. 
Heinkich XXVII., " Permanent Regent " of Reuss {born Nov. 10, 1858). Issue; 

262 (1) H.S.H. Princess Victoria Feodora of Reuss : horn April 21, 1889. 

263 (2) H.S.H. Princess Luise Adelheid Ida of Reuss : torn July 17, 1890. 

264 (3) H.S.H. Piince Heinrich XLIII. of Reuss : &o;« July 25, 1893. 

265 (4) H.S.H. Pi-ince Heinrich XLV. of Reuss : born May 13. 1895. 

266 3. H.S.H. Feodoka, Princess of Leiningen (Princess Feodora Victoria Alberta of 

Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : horn July 23, 1866; married (1894) to H.S.H. Emich 
Eduard Carl, Reigning Prince, &c., (see 247). 

267 III. H.S.H. the Inte Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Vice-Admiral, R.N. : born 

1833 ; rfief/1891, having married{iS6i)'La.dy Laura Williamina SEYMOUR(sisterof 5thMarq. 
of Hertford, born 1833 ! raised to rank of dau. of a Marquess 1871, died 1912). Isstie: 
263 1. Lady Feodora Georgina Maud Gleichen : born Dee. 20, 1861. Residence— 

Engine Ct., St. James's Palace, S.W. 

269 2. Lord Edward WUfred Gleichen ( Maj.-Gen. Lord Edward Gleichen), Count 

Gleichen, K.C.V.O. (1909), C.B. (Mil. 1906), C.M.G. (1898), D.S.O. (1900-1), 
Maj.-Gen. late Col. Grenadier Guards (served in Soudan 1884-5, Dongola 1896, 
in S. Africa 1899-1901, and European "War 1914-15); Extra Equen-y to H.M. and 
a Knight of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem : born Jan. 15, 1863; married (1910) 
Hon. Sylvia Gay Edwardes, a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria and to 
Queen Alexandra and granddau. of 3rd Bn. Kensington (Lady Edward 
Gleichen). ^es/rfcHce— 35 Catherine Street, Buckingham Gate. S.W. (The title 
"Count Gleichen," now abandoned, is of Saxe-Cobui-g ; the Count was by 
Royal "Warrant dated June, 1913, granted special precedence immediately 
before Marquesses, similarly the Countess ranks before Marchionesses and the 
Count's sisters before the daughters of Dukes. But since 1917, with H.M.'s 
consent, they now take rank as younger son and daus. of a Marquess.) 

270 3. Lady Victoria Alice Leopoldine Ada Laui-a Gleichen : born Nov. 28, 1868 ; 

married (1905) to the late Capt. (temp. Lt.-Col.) Percy Wilfrid Machell, C.M.G., 
D.S.O. (killed in action July 1, 1916). (Adopts the name "Valda" from V.A.L. 
[A]da; now " Lady Valda Machell.") (-'?oh, Roger Victor, bo7-nigo8.) Mesidence— 
Crakenthorpe Hall, Appleby. 

271 4. Lady Helena Emilv Gleichen, a Lady of Grace of St. John of .Jerusalem, has 

Italian Medal for Valour ; born Feb. 1, 1873. i?fs/rffnce— with Countess Feodora. 

272 rV. H.H. the late Duchess Frederick of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-AuousTENBURO 

(Princess Adelheid Victoria Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenburg) : horn July 20, 
1835; died 1900, having been married (1856) to H.H. the late Friedrich Christian 
August, Duke of Holst.-Adg. {horn 1829 ; died 1880). Issue: 

273 1. H.I.M. Augusta Victoria, the German Empress, V.A. [nee H.S.H. Princess 

Auguste Victoria Friedeiike Luise Feodora Jenny of Holstein-Augusten- 
burg) : horn Oct. 22, 1858; married (Feb. 27, 1881) to H.R.H. Prince Frederick 
William, now H.I.M. William n., German Emperor (iorn Jan. 27, 1859— see 17). 

274 2. H.S.H. Caroline Matilda, Duchess of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderbui-g-GLtJCKS- 

BURG (Princess Victoria Friedeiike Caroline Mathilde of Holstein-Augusten- 
burg) : born Jan. 25, i860 ; married (1885) to H.H. Piince Friedrich Ferdinand 
Georg, Duke of Schleswig-HoLSTEiN-Sonderburg-GLticKSBURO [hum 1855) . Issue: 

275 (1) H.R.H. the Duchess of Saxe-Cobueg and Gotha (H.H. Princess Victoria 

Adelheid Helene Friederike of Holstein-Gluckseubo) : horn Dec. 31, 
1885 ; married (1905) as under No. 77. 

276 ' (2) H.R.H. Princess Alexandra Victoria Auguste Wilhelmine of Holstbin- 

Glucksburg : horn April 21, 1887 ; married (1908) as under No. 21. 

277 (3) H.R.H. Princess Harald of Denmark (ne'e H.H. Princess Helena Adelheid 

Victoria Marie of Holstein-Gluckbburg) : Sooi June 1, 1888 ; married 
(1909) to H.R.H. Piince Harald Christian Frederick, G.C.V.O., 3rd son 
of H.M. Frederick Xm., King of Denmark. Issue : 

The Royal Family. 




H.H. Princess Feodora Loviise Caroline : horn July 2, 1910. 

(4) H.H. Princess Adblheid Luise of HoLSTEiN-GLtJOKSBDBG : born 1889. 

(5) H.H. Prince WilhelmFRiEDRiCB Christian GriintherofHoLSTBiN-G.: born i8gi. 

mnrrifid 1916, Princess Maria of Hohenlolie-Langenbnrg [bor^i 1879, see 258). 

(6) H.H. Princess Victoria Irene CaroljneMatiiilde of Holstein-Q-. : born 1894. 
H.S.H. Ernst GOnther, Duke of Schlesw.-Hoi.sTEiN-Sond.-AuousTENBURG : bom 

Aug. 11, 1863 ; married (1898) H.H. Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coborg (see 180). 

4. H.R.H. Princess Frederick Leopold of Prussia {nee H.S.H. Princess Feodora 

Luise Sophie Adelheid of Holstein-Augustbnbueg) : born April 8, 1866; 
married (1889) to H.R.H. Prince Joachim Fbiedrich Leopold of Prussia, 
G.C.V.O. [born Nov. 14, 1865). Issue: 

(i) H.E.H. Princess Victoria Mabgarkte Elisabeth Ulrike : born April 17, 
1890 ; married (1913) Prince Henry XXXlII. of Rbuss (younger branch). 

(2) H.E.H. Prince JoacMmFRiEDRiCHSiGiBMUND of Prussia : torn Dec. 17, 1891. 

(3) H.R.H. Pi-ince Tassilo Friedrich Carl of Prussia: Jo™ April 6, 1893. 

(4) H.R.H. Prince Franz Joseph Feiedrich Leopold of Prussia: 60m 

Aug. 27, 1895. 

5. H.S.H. the late Princess Feodora Adelheid Helena Jenny of Holstein- 

Augustenburg : bo'-n 1874, died 1874. 
V. H.H. the late Feodora, Duchess ofSAXE-MEiNiNGEN (Princess Feodore Victoria Adelheid 
of Hohbnlohe-Langenburg) : iorai839; *>(/ 1872, having mar. (185S), as his second con- 
sort, H.H. George II., the i«<« Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildburghausen (Jorn 
1826, died 1914). [He afterwards married morganatically Helena Frances, Baroness van 
Heldbui'g.] tssue (by Duchess Feodora— No. 25 gives one of the issue by first consort) : 

1. H.H. Ernst Bernhard Victor Georg, Reigning Duke of Saxe-Mbiningen : born 

Sept. 27, 1859 ; sue. 1914, married morganatically (1892) Catharina, Baroness von 
Saalpeld (horn 1874). (Children entitled " Barons and Baronesses von Saalfeld.") 

2. H.H. the late Piince Friedrich Johann Bernhard Moritz of Saxe-Meiningen : born 

Oct. 12, 1861 ; married (1889) H.S.H. Princess Adelheid Caroline Mathilde of 
LiPPE-Bi esterfeld (eldest daughter of the laie Most Hlustrious Count Ernst, and 
horn June 22, 1870), *'e(i 1914. [Reigning title now advanced to " Prince."] Issue: 

(1) Princess Carola Feodora Charlotte of Saxe-M. : born May 29, 1890. 

(2) Princess Adelheid Ema Caroline Maria Elise of Saxe-M. : 60/;/ Aug. 16, 1891. 

(3) Prince Georg of Saxe-Meiningen : horn Oct. 11, 1892. 

(4) Prince Ernst Leopold Otto of Saxe-Meiningen : born Sept. 23, 1895. 

(5) Princess Luise Marie Catherina of Saxe-Mbiningen : born March 13, 1899 

(6) Prince Bernhard Fi'iedrich Julius Heinrich of Saxe-M. : Jorn June 20, 1 901. 


•»* There is an unavoidable imperfection iu the following index, consisting in the fact that the generality of 
royal personages possess each a long string of names from which it is often impossible to select with certainty 
the one or two which are conventionally used. When, however, a name is found cited under some variation- 
say, if Prince Adalbert of Prussia is termed "Prince Berengar"— a reference to "Prussia" would conduct the 
searcher to the only possible houses under which the name could stand. The employment of parentheses commonly 
marks a junior member of a family: thus in this same instance we have to read "Prince Adalbert of Prussia" 
and not "Adalbert Prince of Prussia," German names are usually anglicised in the index, whilst French 
names are allowed to retain their native forms. 

Adalbert, Pr. (Priissta), 20 Antoine, Pr. ( Oi-Zeana), 220 

Adelaide, Prss. {Holst.-Gliieks.), 278 Antonia, Pi-ss. of Hohenz., Infanta of 

„ (Saxe-M.) z<30 & ojT. I Portugal, 163 

Adelgunde, Prss. (Hohenz.), 164 ! Antony, Pr. {Saxe-Cob. ), 192 

Adolphue, Pr. iSchaumb.-L.), 30 Apponyi, Otss. 129 

Fredk., Her G. D. of Meek.-iHrd.l Arv!/ll, D. of, 70 

~ ~ "■ [gg\[ATibert,l^T.{AnhaU),Bee6g] 

Armayh, E. of, 90 
Arthur Aug., Ct. (.Mensd.-P.), 130 

„ Patrick (Connatight), 73 
\Aatiirias, Pr of, 80a 
i Ataulfo, Pr. {Orleans), 641; 

Alastair, Pr. iConnaught), ,j.. 

Albany, V>. of, 77 ; Dss. of, 75. 

Albert, Ot. {.Mensdorff-P.-Biet.), 128 
„ D. ( W ilrtemherg), 133 
„ K. of the Belgians, 242 
„ • „ (Hohenzollern), 17 
„ iSchles.-BolsL), 67 
„ Eugene, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 135 
,, Fredk., Pr. (CT-it.), 3 

Alexander, K. of Greece, 33 
(Prussia), 21a 

Athlone, E. of, see Dikeciouy [tort 
Prss. Alice of, 108 and DiREC- 
Augustft, Arohdss. (Austria), 201 

„ Victoria, Prss. (Bohenz.), 165 
Augustus Charles, Pr. (Saa;e-Coh.), 184 
., Edward, Pr. (Denmark), 14 1 „ Leopold, Pr. (do.), 183 

Alexandra,Pr88.(//nftertio/ie-7^.),63&2ij9i ,, Maria (Czartoi'iiski), a3«a 

Prss., Duchess of Fife, 10 | Augustus. William, Pr. (PrMSKtii), 21 
„ Fedorovna, tmpss. Rust. S3 1 /I «stria, Archd. Joseph of, 194; house 
., Victoria, Prss. (/fo!«(.-Gi.), 276 i iqs-206 

Alexandrine, Otss. (Xiieincftaiein), 124 I „ „ Otho F. Jos. of, 158; house 
Alexandrine, Prss. (Prussia', i8«. I 159-60 

j Austria, see also 132-3. 233, and 


\Austria-THscani/—i&e 151, 183 
'■ Baden, Prss. Marie Alex, of, 86 

,, see also 85, 246, 255 
\Baillet de Latour, (.t., 115 
Battenberg, Prss. Henry of, 78 ; house, 

Alexis, Gd. Dk. (Rnssia), ; 
Alice, Prss. (the late), 44 
Alix— see Alexandra Fedorovna 
Alphonse, Ct. v. Hensdorff-P., 121 
Alphonse, Pr. (Bavaria), 222 
Alphonso, B. of Oporlo, 148 
Alphonso, Pr. (Or !ea«8), 64b 
Alvaro, Pr. (Orleans), 64a 
Anastasia, Gd. Uss. (Russia), 57 
Andrew, Prss. (Greece), 46 
Anhalt, see 23, 69 & 95 
Anne Monica, I'lss. (Suxony), is 

] Bavaria, Pr Alphonse of, 222 
,, D. Max. Em. of, house, 208-10 
„ see also 164, 191, 202, 242 

I Beatrice, Prss. (Battenberg), jB 

Beatrice, Prss. (Saxe-Coburg), 64 

„ (Spain), 80c 
Peja (Portugal), D. of, 147 
Belgians, K. of, 233 ; house, 234-8 

Berthold, Pr. (Baden),Z6a 

Blanche, Prss. (Orleans), 232 

Boris, Her. Pr. of Bulgaria, 21 

Bowrhon-Sicily—see 1*4 

Brabant (Belg.), D. of, 243 

Braganza (Port.), D. of, 146 

Brazil—see i9i, 217 

Bronn, Bnss. von, 254 

Brunswick— see 83, 94 

Bulgaria, Ferd. Kini{ of, mi; issue, 

Cambridge, D. of (the late), 93; Marq. 
of, see Directory 

Carisbrooke, M. of— see Dikectorv 

Carol, Pr. (Roumuyiia), 169 

Carola, Prss. (Saxe-iJein.),zgi 

Caroline Maiia Tmmac, Archdss. 
(Saxe-Cuh.), 183 
„ Mat.Ludwige,Prss.(Sai-e-C'o'),),776 
„ Matilda, Dss. (Holst.-Gliicks. ),38o 

Catherine, Prss. ( Greece), 36a 

Cecilia, Prss. (Greece), 1)60 

Charles, Pr. (Belgium), 244 
„ „ (Denmark), T3 
„ Alexander, JK( Wiirtemberg), 136 
„ Anton\'. Pr. (Hohenzollern), 173 
„ August, Pr. (Thurn it; T.), 198 
,, Borwin, D. (Meck.-Strel.), 100 
„ Edward, D. of Saxe-Cob., 77 
., Fras. Jos., Archd. (Austria), 159 

Charles Philip, Pr. iOiieans), 327(4 

„ Theodore, Pr. IBelg.), 244 
Charlotte, Her. Prss. of Saxe-Mein., ; 
Christian, Pr. {Schleswig-fJolst.) ,65 
(Mecklbg.-Schw.). B8s 
Christopher, D. (Bavaria}, 209 

Pr. lHesse\, 43 
Clarence, D. of ithe late), i 
Clary-Aldrinf/iin,Cts. &c., 114-7 
"rss. (.Belgium), 238 

Index to the Royal 




Clothilde, An-hdss. (Ausina\, 194 
aityhi, 1>. of, 71 ; house, 72-4 
Coustaiitiue, late K. of Greece, 31 
Oiimberland, D. of, 84 ; liouse, 85-90 
Cyril, Pr. of Preslav (Buluariu), 213 
Czartori/ski, Pr. 229 ; house, 230-30(1 
Danilo, Cr. Pr. of Montenegro, 98 
Denmark, Pr. Charles of, 13 
Denmark— see also 84 and Directokv 
Dietmar, Pr.(5aa:e-Co6.), 77c [^f, 122-7 
Dxetrichsitin-Nicolsburg, Prs. and Cts. 
,, Dow. Prss of, 122 
Dolgorouki—see 123 
Donnersmarck—&ee Henckel 
Dorothea, Dss. of HoUt.-Aug., 180 
E(Hnbui-gh, D. of (the late), 59 
Edward, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 

Eleonore, G. Dss. of Hesse. 52 
I, Her. Prsa. of Reuss, 261 
Elizabeth, G. Dss. of Meck.-Strel, 
„ Prss. {Roumania), 170 [iig 

„ Alexandriua. CtsB. (Vlaru-Aldr.) 
„ Fedorovna, G. Dss. (Riiss.), 50 
„ Helena, Prss. ( Tharn dc Taxis), 20 
„ Henrietta, Arohdss. (Aunt.), 206 
„ Stephanie, do. (do.), 236 
Emich Chas., Pr. of Leiningen, 247 

Ernest, Pr. (Leiningen), 249 
Emmanuel, D. de Vend6me, 224 
Ena, Prss.— see Victoria Eugenie 
Emest.Her.Pr. of lJohenlohe-Lang.,256 
„ AugustU8,Pr.,D. of Brunawick,go 
„ Her. Pr. of Brunswick, 90a 
„ Bernhard, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 289 
„ Francis, Pr. (Saxe-Oob.), 190a 
„ , GUnther, D. of Holst.-Auy., 281 
f, Henry, Pr. (Saxony), 154 
„ Leopold, Pr. (Saxe-Mein.), 294 
„ Louis, G. D. of Hesse, 52 
m,, Comte i' (Orleans) 217 
Eudoxia, Prss. (Bulgaria), 214 
Felix, Pr. [Lowenstein), 119c 
Feodora, Prss. (Denmark), 117a 
„ Ctss. (Gleichen), 268 
„ Prss. of Leiningen, 266 
„ ( Hoist- Aug. ),zZj 
„ „ (Rems), 26 
'erdinand, K. of Bulgaria, 211 

„ (Orleans). 221 
„ „ of floM«iajwa,,i68 
Fife, Duchess of, 10 
FitzGeorge— see Cambridge, D. of 
Francis Joseph, Ct. (Nepomuk-P.), 12 
„ Pr. (Austria), isga 
„ Her.Pr.of 7'ft«rn<i-7'aa;!S,i97 
., Pr. (Hohenzollern), 167 
,, (Windisch-Grdtz), 237 
Fiederica, Buss, von Pawel-Ramm., 
Fredericli, Erain-ess (the late), 16 
Pr. (Holslein-Gliicksb.), 279 
Pr. (Prussia), i8d 
_ Pr. (Saxe-Meiningen) (the ?a(e),: 
Frederick Augustus III., King < 

Frederick Charles, Pr. i Hesse), 37 
„ „ (Leiningen), 250 
,, ,, (Pr«s8i«), 285 
Christian, Pr. (Saxoni/), iS3 
Edward, Pr. (Teck). io6a 
Leopold, Pr. (Pruss.), 282 & 286 
Sigismund, do. (do.), 284 
Victor, Pr. ( Hihenzoll), 166 
„ William (the late) Pr. (Hesse), 3 
Gaston. Cte. d'Eii 1 Orleans), 217 
Generifeve. I'rss. iOrhans), 227 
eorge, D. ol Sjinrto, 32 
,, ,, (Saxe-Meiningen), 293 
„ „ (Saxony), 152 
„ „ (U.K.), 6 
„ Don»tuB, Pr. (Hesse), 5»a 

George II., D. of Saxe-Meiningen, 288 
German Emperor, 17 ; Empress, 273 ; 

house, 18-24 
German!/— see Prussia 
Gleichen, Lord, 269; house, 267-71 
Gottfried, Pr. (Hohenl.), 257 
Greece, late King and Queeu of, 31 

„ see DiRKCToKV 
Gustftvus Adolphus, Prss. (Swed.), 72 
Haakon VII., King of N^orway, 13 
Hallund, D. of, 72(i 
Hanui'er—see Cniidierland 
Ihuald, Prss. (uenmark), 277 
Helena, Ctss. (Gleichen), 271 

,, I'r&s. (Greece), 3n 

„ „ (Schles.-Hulstein), 65 
Henckel, Ct. n8 

Henry, Pr. (Pi~ussia), 27 ; Prss. 51 
„ (r^.A'.),s 

„ XXVII. Her. Pr. of Reuss, 
261; XXX. (do.), 26 

„ XLIII. & XLV. Prr. (do.), 264-5 
Hermann. Pr. [Leiningen), 251 
Hesse, G. D. of, 52 

„ Pr.Fredk. Chas. of. 37; sons, 38-43 
Hesso, Pr. (Leiningen), 252 
Hohenlohe-Lang., Pr. of, 256 ; house, 

Hohenzollern, Pr. of, 163 ; house, 164-76 

Holst.-Angnstenbnrg, D.of,28i; Dss. iSo 
„ D. Fredk. of, house, 273-87 
„ „ Pr. Christian of, 65 ; house, 

Holst.-Glilcksbiirg. 1). of, 274 ; house, 
275-80: see Directory 

Huberius, Pr. ( I'russia), i8c. 

Hungary— see 233 

lleana, Prss. (Roumania). 172a 

Immnoulata, I'rss. (Saxe-Cob.), 193 

Ingrid, Prss. (Swed,), 72c 

Irene, Prss. (Prussia), 51 

Irma, Prss. (Hohenl.), 260 

Isabella, Ctsse. d'Eu (Orleans), 217 

Italy— see 144, 211 

Jaime, Pr. (Spain),-8ob 

Jametel, Ct., 96 

Joachim, Pr. (Pruss.), 23 

John, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.i, 77a 
„ Charles, Pr. ( U.K.), 8 
„ George, Pr. [Saxony), 161 

Joseph, Archdss. (Austria), 194 
„ Augustus, Archd. (do.), 202 
„ Clement, Pr. (Bavaria), 223 
„ Francis, Archd. (Austria), 203 

Josephine, Prss. (Hohenzoll), 241 

Juan, Pr. (Spam), 8oe 

Kiiisky, house, 113-20 

Ladislas, Archd, U-l"siria), 205 

Leiningen, Pr. of, 246 ; house, 247-52 

Leopold (Saxe-Cobury), 179 
„ II., (the late) K. of Belgians, 233 
„ Philippe, Pr. (Belg.) 243 

Leopoldine, Prss. (Saxe-Oob. 1, 190 

Lippe-Biester/eld—see 290 

Lonyay, Ct., 235 

Louis, Pr. (Orleans), 219 

„ (Saxe-Coburg), 191 
„ PT.(Thurnd Taxis), iqg 
„ Ferd., Pr. (Prussia), 186 , 
„ Hermann, Pr, (Hesse), 526 

Louise, Adelaide, Prss. (iJ<;)(ss), 263 
,, Maria, Prss. (Saxe-Mein.), 295 
Sopliia, Prss. (Dss. ot Bruns- 
Prss.d'ss. of Fife), g [tt'icfc). 282 
„ (Tiss.oiArgyll),70 
,. (Belg.),23^ 
„ Auguste, Prss. (Schles.-Holet.), 69 

Lowenstein. Pr. & Prss. of, ii9-i9(i 

Luitpold, D. (Bavaria), 210 

Macduff, Earl of, 73a 

Machell, Lady V.— see "Valda." 

Madeleine, Archss. (Austria), 205a 

Manuel (Portugal), King of, 147 

Margaret, Pi'ss. (GreeceK 46a 
,, ,, (Saxony), 155 

,, (Dss. or Scania), 72 
„ of Tliuin ,(■ Taxis, 195 
„ Mary, Dss. 1 Wiirteinh.], 13s 

Marguerite. Pi-ss. i Czartvr Taki\ . 2,10 

Maria, Dss. (Meck.-Strelilz), 96 
„ Prss. (Holsiein-G). 258 and 279 
„ „ (Saxe-Cobnrg), 186 
„ Amelia, Dss. ( Wiirtemberg), 137 

Maud Cristuia, Prss. (Spain), 8od 
„ Doroth. Amcl., Dss. (Orleans), 194 
„ Pia, Dow. qn. of Portugal, 144 
„ Theresa, Ar.lidss. (.-l»s«)-ia|, 132 

■ f Ilohc. 



„ Prss.(noheHz.,lU,u),i'!S 

„ Qn. & Prss. (Roumania). t68 & 171 

,, AlexaiulriL, l'rss,(i>'((((t;ii|, 86 

„ Alice, Prss. (Saxon,/), 156 

,, Alexundrovna, G. Dss. &c., 59 

,, Amalic, |)ss. ( ]Viirtemberg), 137 

,, Clotilde, I'rss. (Belgium), 238a 

„ Jose, Prss. (Btlg.). 244a 

„ Louise. Prss. (Orleans), 225 

Matilda, Prss (Saxony), 150 

Maud, Queen of Norway, 13 
„ Prss. (Dss. ofn/e), ii 

Maurice, (thelate) Pr. (Baitenberg), 82 

Max Emmanuel, Pr. (ThurnA T.), 200 

Maximilian, Archdss .(Mexico), 245 
.. Prss. (Baden). 85 
„ (the latei Pr. (Hesse), 39 
„ „ (Saxony), 162 
„ Eugene, Archd. (J.((si.),, 160 

Mecklenb.-Schiverin. Gd. Dss. of, 88 

Mecklenb.-Strelitz, the late Dow. Gd. 
Dss. of, 94, 95; Gd. D. 99 
house, 96100 ; 

Uemdorff-Pouilly, house, 109-30 
„ „ Alphonse, Ct. von, 121 
,, „ Hugo, Ct. von, 123 

„ Die()-ich8i<;i)i,Ct.Albert,i28 

Mexico, ex-Empss. of, 245 

Miltord Haven, M. of— see Directory 

Milltza, Cr. Prss. of Montenegro, 98 

Mircea, Pr. X-helate) (Roumania), 172b 

Kadejda, Prss. (Bulgaria), 215 

Naples — see Bourbon-Sicily 

Napoleon, Louis, Pr. (Belgium), 2:^b 

Nemours, Due de. 227a 

Nepomuk-Paschalis,Ct. Fras. J. v., 120 

Netherlands— see 75 

Nicholas II., ex-Emp. of Russia, 53 
,, Pr. (Roumania), 172 

Norway, King of, 13 

Oberndorff, Ctss., no 

Olav, Cm. Pr. of Norway, 14 

Oldenburg— see 19 

Olga, Ctss. (Dielr.-Nicolsb.), 125 
,, G. Dss. (Russia), 54 
„ Prss. (Cumberland), 89 
„ „ ■<!. Dietrichitein-N..\z3 

Oporto, D. of, 148 

Orleans, D. of, 195 
„ Pr. Emmanuel of, 224 
,, „ Ferdinand of, 221 ; house,222-7 
„ „ Gaston of, 217 ; house, 218-20 
„ Prss. Blanche of, 232 
„ see also 145, 177 

Oscar, Pr. (Prti^sia), zi 

Otho Eras., Archdss. (Ausi.), 158 

Otto, Pr. ( Windisch-Gratz), 236 

Panna— see 211 

Paul, Pr. (Grtiece), 35 

Pawel-Rammingen, Bn. von, 91 

Peter, Pr. (Saxe-Coburg), 182 [133-9 

Philip, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 132 ; house, 
„ Pr. (Hesse), 40 
„ „ (Saxe-Coburg), 178 & 18B 

Philip, Albert, D. ( Wiirtemberg), 134 
„ Ernst, Pr. ( Thurn & T. ), zoib 

Pierre, Pr. (Orlean.i), 218 

Pierre, Alphonse, Pr. 'd'Orl.),ziga 

Portugal, Antonia, Infanta of, 163 
„ King of, 145 ; house, 144-8 
,, see also 217 

Preslav (Bulgaria). Cyril, Pr. of, 213 

Proskau- Leslie-Bee 122 

Pci<.5Sio, Fredc. III. of, house, 17-43 
„ Pr. Fredk. Leop. of, 282 
„ William II. of, 17 ; house, 18-24 
„ see also 71 

Raiiier, Pr. (Saxe-Cob.), 187 

Raiihael, Pr. (Thurn <f T.I, 201a 

I!>-1'1'. ' tss. vnn-see22 

A'.KSs, Her. I'r. 01,263; house, 262-5 
., ITss ll.'invirl, XXX. of, 26 

: //, ,' 

Kulicrt, D. (Wurt.mherg), z^i 
Roumania, Pr. of, 168 ; house, 169-72 
I Rudolf, Pr. ( Wifidisch-Gratz), 2376 

122 Conspectus of Royal Family — Order of Succession. 

Russia, Ex Emp. of, 53; house, 54-£ 

„ G. Dss. Sergius of, 50 

„ see also sgand DiRECTORV 
Saalfeld, Catharine, Bnss. von, 289 
Saxe-Goburg, D. of, 77; Dss. of, s 
house, 60-4 

„ Pr. Augustus of, 181 ; hou 
Saxe-Meiningen, Bernhard of, 2 
house, 289-96 ; of, 25 

„ Prss. Feodora of, 26 
Saxonu, King of, 151 ; house, 130-62 

„ Pr. Johu George of, 161 
Scania, Dss. of, 72 

Schaumburg-Lippe, Pr. Adolphus of ,30 
Schleswig-Holst., Pr.ChiistiSin of, 65; 
house, 66-9 

„ see Holstein and note to No. 65 
Sergius, G. Dss. (Russia), 50 
Slbylle, Prss. (Sam-Cob.), 776 
Siegfried, Ct. (Clary-Aldrinyen), 114 

Skone, Dchss. of, 72 

Sophia, Archdss. {Austria), 204 
„ Ctss. (Nep.-Tasch.), 120a 
„ late Q. of Greece, 31 

Sophia, Prss. {Orleans), 226 
Spain, King of, 80 
Sparta, D. of, 32 
Stephanie, Ctss. Lonyay, 235 
, , El^anore ( Wind- Gratz) ,237c 
„ Prss. (Hohanzollern), 174 
Siveden, Prss. Gustavus of, 72 
SyblUe, Prss. (Saxe-Oob.), nd 
Tatiana, Gd. Dss. {Russia), 5S 
Teck, house, 102-8 
Theodora, Prss. {Greece), n6b 
Theresa, Ctss. {Olary-Aldringen), 114 
Preslav {Bulgaria), Cyril, Pr. of, 213 

„ Prss. (Saxe-Co6.), 189 
Thurn & Taxis, Pr. of, 196; house, 197- 

Thyra, Dss. of Cumberland ,-^4 
Tirnova {Bulgaria), Boris, Pr. of 
Taaremtch, The, 58 [212 

Tuscany— seb igi, 183 
TJlrich, D. ( Wurtemberg), 142 
Upland, D. of, 726 
" Valda," Ctss. {Gleichen), 270 
Vend&ine, Due de, 224 
^'ictoria, Ctss. {Gleichen), 270 
„ Prss. (Leiningen), 248 
,, {Reuss), 262 

Victoria, Prss. {Schaumburg-L.), 30 
„ {Schleswig- Hoist.), 68 

„ „ (i7.^.),I2 

„ Queen of Spain, 80 
„ Adel., Prss. {Holst.-GUcks.), 27s 
„ Alexandra, Prss. ( U.K.), 4 
„ Eugenie, Queen {Spain), 80 
„ Louisa, Prss. {Pmssia), 24 
„ Margaret, do. {Reuss), 283 
„ Melita, Prss. (.Saa:e-Co6.), 62 
„ Patricia, Prss. {Connaught), 74 
Waldeck d: Pyrmont^-see 73 
Waldemar, Pr. {Prussia), 28 
Wales, Pr. of, 2 
Westerbotten, D. of, 72a 
Wilhelmina, Ctss. Henckel, 118 
William, Her. Pr. of Hokemoll., 164 
„ Imp. Pr. of Germany, i8 
,, Pr. (Prussia), 18a 
„ II., German Emperor, 17 
„ Fredk., Pr. (Germ.), i8a 
Wiiidisch-Grats, house, 236-7a 
Witold, Pr. (Czartoryski), 231 
Wolfgang, Pr. (Hesse), 41 
Worth, D. of— see Thurn & Taxis 
Wilrtemherg, D. Philip of, 132 ; house, 


H.I.M. the tnte Victoria, Empress Frederic : 

H.I.M. William II., Gei-man Emperor survivingr children and grandchildn. \^\ 

H.R.H. Charlotte, Hered. Princess of Saxe-Meiningen ,, li 

H.R.H. Prince Henry of Prussia ,, ^ \ on 

H.R.H. Princess Adolphus of Schaumburg-Lippe „ ~1 

H.M. Sophia, Queen of the Hellenes „ 61 

H.R.H. Princess Frederick Charles of Hesse ,, 6/ 

H.M. the late King Edward VII. : 

H.M. King George V „ 6") 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife „ 3( 

H.R.H. Princess Victoria „ "C 

H.M. Maud, Queen of Norway ,, \) 

H.R.H. the Intp Alice, Gd. Duchess of Hesse : 

H.G.D.H. Victoria, Princess of Battenberg „ 6 i 

H.I.H. the Gd. Duchess Sergius of Russia „ - I 

H.R.H. Princess Henry of Prussia (see Prince Henry above) ,, _ - / 13 

H.R.H. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse „ 2\ ' 

H.I.M. Alexandra, Empress of Russia ,r 5 ' 

H.R.H. the late Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha : 

H.M. Marie, Queen of Roumania , 

H.R.H. Victoria Melita, ex-Gd. Duchess of Hesse (see Gd. Duke above) , 

H.R.H. Alexandra, Hered. Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg , 

H.R.H. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg , 

H.R.H. Helena, Princess Chiistian of Schleswig-HolsteLn : 
H.H. Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.H. Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. 
H.H. Princess Louise Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein. 

H.R.H. Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll. 

H.R.H. Arthur, Duke of Connaught : 

H.R.H. the Duchess of Scania ; , 

H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught r , 

H.R.H. Pi-incess Victoria Patricia of Connaught. 

H.R.H. the late Leopold, Duke of Albany : 

H.R.H. Princess Ale.xander of Teck , 

H.R.H. Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg , 

H.R.H. Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg: 
H.H. Prince Alexander of Battenberg. 

H.M. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain 

H.H. Prince Leopold of Battenberg. 





The rules furnished earlier on, with reference to the Descent of the Nobility, will enable any 
person to draw up for himself as long a list of heirs to the Throne as he may desire, the only 
difference to be obsei'ved being that daughters are eligible for succession in order of their own 
seniority, but not till after the youngest of the sons. Thus after the five sons of His Majesty 
would come his daughter; then, as he has no brother, his sisters, with the children of the 
eldest in preference to the second sister; then the second daughter of the late Duke of Saxe- 
Coburg, his eldest daughter, now the Queen of Roumania, having formally renounced on her 
marriage all possibility of claim to the British Throne. After traversing the Saxe-Coburg branch, 

GEORGE III.=Faueen Charlotte. 




RD VII. Alfred Leopold, 

Duke of Saxe- Duke of Albany. 
Coburg-Gotha. 1 
• Charles Edward 

Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. 

1 1 

son, Daug 
imbridge. and ir 







a S 



i _ 





1st son, and son, 3rd son, A daughter. 4th s 

Prss. Vic- 

Ftoria Mary= 



Albert, Pr. Cons.n 

of Qn. Victoria. 
^nne of Hohenl. 

1st cousins 

i g 


-g°. & 

? ■ 

1 1 

D. Ernest I. D. Fe 
of S.-Cob. nand 
& Gotha. 


est II. 

Half bro. &sist 
Chas. Emich & j 

Maternal and cousins of H.M. 
(For others, see opp. side of Table.) 




Francis Fredk. of 
Coburff & Saalfeld. 


1 Prii 

Dk. F. W. 

Alex, of 



1 11 


T24 — 128 The Royal Family. 

we treat similarly those of Connaught and Albany. Having thus exhausted the families of all Queen 
Victoria's sons we turn to her daughters, beginningr with the hsuse of the late Empress Frederic; 
but as this line, with the German Emperor at its head, is wholly out of practical bounds, it would be 
profitless to pui'sue the inves tigatioa any further. 


It will at once be noticed that the Hanover Line is here exhibited by thick lines, and that of 
Saxe-Coburg- by thin ones. Directing our attention to the former, we observe in the 1st and 3rd 
, places two sons who became well known to us as Sovereigns, and in the second place Fi-ederick Duke 
' of York, who died in 1827. In the 4th place comes a daughter, Charlotte, Princess Royal, who must 
be carefully distinguished from the better-known Princess of that name, the only child of George IV. 
I and first consort of liing Leopold I. Next in order comes the Duke of Kent, then two more 
daughters, the Princesses Augusta and Elizabeth, then the Dukes of Cumberiand, Sussex, and 
I Cambridge, and lastly the Pi-incesses Mary, Sophia, and Elizabeth, and the infant Pnnces Octavius 
I and Alfred, omitted from table to avoid overcrowding. 

I Turning to the line of Saxe-Coburg, we note at its head H.S.H. Frederick Anthony, Reignmg 
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Saalfeld from 1800 till his death in 1806. He was succeeded by his eldest 
son, Ernest Frederick Anthonv. Duke Ernest I. of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, this latter Principality 
having been acquired by a family compact, while Saalfeld was passed over to Saxe-Meimngen. The 
Duke died in 1844 and was followed by the elder of his two sons, Augustus Charles, Duke 
Ernest n., the younger son being Albert, the late lamented Prince Consort. The second Duke 
Ernest died in 1893 and was succeeded by his nephew H.R.H. the late Duke of Edinburgh, and 
he in tui-n by his nephew the Duke of Albanv. As elsewhere notified, the succession would 
naturally have fallen to the Prince of Wales (afterwards King Edward VII. ) ; but His Royal Highness, 
as heir to the English throne, had formally renounced his claim in 1863. 

Returning to Duke Francis, we note his two eldest daughters, who became respectively the Countess 
of Mensdoi-ff-Pouilly and Duchess Alexander of Wiirtemberg ; then his 2nd son, Duke Ferdinand 
whose own eldest son became Regent of Portugal, whilst the 2nd married a Piincess of the Boui-bon- 
Orleans House, and a daughter became Duchess of Nemours. Some of the descendants of these 
returned by marriage to Saxe-Cobm-g or passed to Saxony, Hohenzollem, Bavaria, or Austria, which 
States, with the already noted Belgium, Wiirtemberg, Portugal, France, and others that might 
be added, including Baden, Hesse, Leiningen. Mecklenbui-g, Hanover, Tuscany, Naples, Greece, 
Bulgaria, Roumania, Russia, Denmark, the Netherl mds, Sweden, Spain, and Noiway, make up 
very nearly the whole of Europe for the regions into which our present Royal Family has spread or 
from which its alliances hjwe been drawn. The three pages following furnish the evidence for this. 

Duke Francis's 3rd and 7th children were two Piincesses whose names are wholly omitted in the 
table :*the former, Princess Juliana, manied the Grand Duke Constantine of Russia, but after twenty- 
four years the marriage was dissolved in 1820 and the Princess died without issue in i860 ; the 7th 
child, the Princess Marianne, died in childhood. The 8th and youngest was King Leopold I. already 
mentioned, who, as- second consort, man-ied a daughter of King Louis Philippe, by whom he became 
father of King Leopold II. We have reserved for the last place Duke Francis's 6th child, the 
Piincess Victoria Mary Louisa, mother of her late Majesty Queen Victoria, but m the first place wife 
of Prince Emich Charles, who till his death in 1814 was Reigning Prince of Leiningen, a,nd whose two 
children, Prince Charles Emich his successor and Anne who became Princess of Hohenlohe- 
Langenburg and Countess Gleichen, were the parents (especially the latter) of the extensive lines 
of first cousins of His late Majesty numbered 246-96 in our Ust of the Royal Relatives. 
There is here either patent or latent a considerable amount of illustration of the.preceding 
na^es Turning first to the corners, we have representations of the Stars of the Orders of the 
Garter, the Thistle, St. Patrick, and the MiUtaiy Division of the G.C.B., exhibiting the correct form of 
a Maltese Cross (the clefts in which are, however, in some cases deeper) . Next as to the coronetsin the 
oval design surrounding the letter-press,we need only remark that " Nephews " corresponds to " Pi-mces 
and Princesses of the Blood," and "Royal Dukes" to " Princes of the Blood Royal, whilst the 
" Cap of Dignity " or " of Maintenance " has been not only a head-dress of Royalty much favoured 
by Henry the Seventh), but is met with in the coats of arms of fort^f the nobility, including 
the Dukes of Norfolk, Hamilton, Richmond, Grafton, St. Albans, Leedspflutland, and Northumber- 
land, together with several Peers so recently created as Barons Howard of Glossop, _ Norton, 
Braboume, and Playfair : it is borne also by twenty-one Baronets. As to the Archbishop s mitre 
which some protest ought in nowise to differ from a Bishop's, our remarks under the headings of these 
two Orders will suifice to make our position clear in the matter. The intermediate devices connected 
by chainwork are intended to show the forms of the Collars worn by the respective four Orders of 
Knighthood just described, to each of which belongs that quarter of the Collar lying nearest to its own 
fi<nired Star. Thus perpendicularly under the Garter comer is a medal-garter depicting one of the 
twenty-six which are worked into the actual Collar ; and on each side of it, though interrupted by th 
coronets is a true- lovers' knot as described in loc. The. adjacent upper quarter is devoted to tb 
Thistle and exhibits the device of that symbol with the intei-vening sprigs of rue as they are found m 
the Collar of the Order. Against the quarter of St. Patrick wiU be found the harp, rose, and knot, 
the series of which three make up the St. Patrick CoUar. Lastly, agamst the Bath comer we have the 
crown of four arches (which we have ventured to call the Albert Crown from its having been the fonu 
wom by the late Prince Consort), the device of rose, thistle, and shamrock, and the knot. The 
entire chainwork, being double, may also be said to belong more particularly to this Order, as m 
the Collar of the Garter it appears on the inner margin only, and in those of the other two Orders the 
objects are attached together by their edges and without chains. Surmoimting the entire oval ot 
the title-page are the St. Edward's or Imperial Crown, and the Sceptre Royal. 











The system of alphabetical arrangement is carried consistently out, to the enUre 
ignoring of precedence. It would be difficult, if not impossible, to carry out this latter 
rule consistently in a work which places all ranks under a smgle alphabet. We accord- 
ingly adopt the following order in cases of more than one Pe^^^f^ /?f^„^°,^^, *^,^,ff^^ 
surname or title :-First a surname standing alone (family name) ; then the titles of 
honour, in the alphabetical order- Archbishop, Baron, Baronet, Bishop Count J)ame, 
Duke, Earl, Hon. Lady, Knight, Lady, Lord Marquess, Master, Privy Councillor, Vis- 
count (the ^oidows of each rank coming immediately after that rank itself, as Baron 
"Baron's Widow"), the headings "Hon. Lady." and " Lady " bem^ used almost 
exclusively as references; then follow those having a Christian name in the headmg 
(chiefly Ladies, Honourables, and Companions of Orders), succeeding each other solely 
by order of those names, the connecting titles, Captain Hon Lady, Lord, Reverend 
&c. , being printed in small letters and whoUy ignored in the alphabetising, f Baronet 
or Knight who is also a Privy Councillor is placed under this latter heading as the higher 
in precedence. When of the same surname. Baronets are arranged m the alphabetical 
order of their topographical distinctions, and their widows m each case follow them ; 
Knights and their widows stand in the order of their Christian names. The hst under 
a simple surname is exhausted before the compounds of that name are commenced and 
an arrangement is adopted which brings all the names of the same compound together. 
Compound names connected by a hyphen are placed under the second or last name 
unless some other is the only one m use; but «f,^^ (^\ Ca^*|%2. %'«nd ^wfl 
Edgcumbe," " Saye and Sele," and such forms as "Egerton of Tatton and Wil- 
loulhby de Broke ") are placed under the first name, whilst those commencing with 
St f Du, Le, &c., and mostly De and Van (see note under "De"^ stand under the 
respective prefixes. " Mc " is treated as if spelt Mac, and St. as bamt. 

The names of wives are usually omitted when their husbands' titles do not extend 
to them and they bear no title of their own by birth. This rule apphes to the wives of 
Bishops, Privy Councillors, and Companions of the Orders of Knighthood. 

Under Peers' Issue the deceased offspring of Peers excepting those who have been 
killed in action, or died of wounds, are omitted. " Heir to Dukedom, or other lead- 
ing title, imphes as a rule heir to all the titles borne ; when otherwise it is so stated. 
The expressions " Title of heir when a son " and " Title of eldest son of course refer only 
to sons of the existing Peer. In the Indexes under surnames the same person is often 
repeated under more than one of his or her Christian names-simply because the first 
is not always the one in conventional use. The addition sep. implies a separate 
entry under the surname. 

Under Baronets, if there are more than one of the same name, the topographical 
distinction is added in itahcs in the heading. In many other instances, however, it is 
appended in the text, as where there is still a survivmg widow of an extoct hne or 
where two names are pronounced alike but differently spelt (as Domvile and Domville). 

Under KniaUs, it may be noted that former titles since absorbed m higher ones are 
only appended (in parentheses) when they serve to indicate the date at which the person 
was first addressed as "Sir." Honorary Companions of Orders (also Hon. C.V.O. s 
and generally Honorary Knights) are not inserted Mditary Knights and Companions 
marked (e.^.) "D.S.O. (1900-1) "(in separate alphabetical hst) were so created by 
King Edward in 1901 but given precedence of 1900 as if conferred by the late Queen 

The prefix Hon. is printed in italics in the case of those who have acquired by pubhc 
service the right to this distinction. Hon., in Roman type, is used for all persons 
including Maids of Honour) entitled by birth or marriage to be so addressed. 

Directory of Peerage, Baronetage, <kc. 



(1913). OfiSeiatmg Principal, Govt. School of Art, 
Calcutta : b. 1871. 

ABBAS ALI BAIQ, Sir, K.C.I.E. (1917), C.S.I. 
(1912), Hon. LL.D., I.C.S., late Memb. of the 
Counc. of India, has been Sec. Civ. and Mil. 
Exam. Boards and Dewaa of Junagadh State. 

ABBAS KULI KHAN, C.M.G. (1903), Chf. 
of Orienfcil Chancery to Brit. Legat. Teheran, 
attended the grandfather of present Shah on his 
visit to England 1902: b. 1864. Address, Brit. 
Legat., Teheran. 

ABBOT, family name of Colohbstee Barony. 
No issue. 

ABBOTT, family name of Tenteedbn Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." 

ABBOTT, Brig.-Gen. Henet Alexius, C.B. 
(MU. 1898), LA. Supernmn. List, Col. 15th 
Ludhiana Sikhs; Afghn. 1878-80, Soudan, 2nd 
Miranzai, Ttrah 1897-8. late comdg. Ferozepore 
Brigade, now North Group Lond. Vol. Regt. : b. 
1849. Bes., Mashobra, India. 

ABBOTT, Lt.-Col. Leonaed Henet, C.M.G. 
(1916), LA. : b. 1875. 

ABBOTT, Lt.-Col. PeecyPhipps, C.M.G. (1917) 
Austral. Lt. Horse. 

ABDUL JUBBUR, Modlvi Khan Bahadue, 
CLE. (1895), formerly a Dep. Magist. and collec- 
tor of Land Rev., Bengal. Res., Calcutta. 

ABDUL KARIM, Abdul Shakub Jamal, 
CLE. (1915), of Rangoon, Burma. 

ABDUL MAJID, Nawab, CLE. (1911), B.A, 
LL.B., barrister-at-law, a Fell, of Allahabad 
Univ. , and late Addit. Memb. of Leg. Counc. of 

ABDUL QAITUM, KHAN, Khak Bahadue, 
Sir, Sahihzada, K.C.I.E. (1907), an Assist. Polit. 
Agent at Khyber, served in Zakka Khel Expedn 
Mes., Khyber. 

(1915), Ch. Sec. to H.H. the Nawab of Rampur. 

ABDY, Baeonet. Capt. Sir Anthony Chaeles 
Sykes Abdy, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1850), late 2nd Life 
Guards, has been Mil. Attache at Vienna ; son of 
1st Bt. and bro. of 2nd, b. 1848, sue. 1910, mar. 
1886 Hon. Alexandrina Victoria Macdonald, dau. 
of 4thBn. M. (Hon. Lady A.). Heir pr es.,hishro. 
HENEyBEADON.-t.(b. 1853 ; 2nd heir, latter'sson, 
±tobert Henry Edward, 2nd Lieut. 15th Huss 
b. 1896). Pes., 100 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

ABDY, Baronet's Widow (remrrd.). Florence, 
Lady A. (dau. of the late Lehman L. Cohen and 
widow of Gen. Geo. Palmer Robinson), mar., 
2ndly, 1909, Sir Wm. Neville Abdy, 2nd Bt. (d. 
>9>o;. 3i<ily, 1913, Mam-ice Grant. 

ABDY, Col. Anthony John, C.B. (Mil. igu), 
-'^•^- (ret. 1913), Assist. Mil. Sec. atHqrs.,late 
comdg. R.H.A. and R.F.A., S. Africa, was Sec. 

A'BECKETT, Knight. Ho7i. Sir- Thomas 
A'Beckett, Kt. Bach. (1909), a Puisne Judge in 
Victoria ; b. 1837, mar. 1875 Isabella, dau. of 
the late Hon. Sir A. Michie, K.C.M.G. Res., 
Karbarak, Orrong Rd., Armidale, Melbourne. 

1 BECKETT, Knight's Widow. Lady a B. 
(Susannah Emily, dau. of the late Benj. Ecoles- 
ton), mar. 1864 Sir Albert a Beckett, Kt. Bach.„ 
of the War Office (d. 1904). Res., 6 Brompton 
Sq., S.W. 

A BECKETT, Lady Noeah Frances, dau. of 
2nd E. Kitchener of Khartoum. 

ABERCONWAT, Baeon. Chaeles Benjamin 
Bright McLaren, 1st Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., P.C. 
(Gt. Br. 1908), K.C (1897), M.A., late a M.P., 
Chmn. of Metropol. Rail, and Chmn. or Dir. of 
several shipbuilding, coal, and iron cos., a memb. 
of the Bd. of Trade Arbitn. Ct. ; son of the late 
Duncan McLaren, M.P., and a nephew of Et. Hon. 
John Bright: b. May 12, 1850; er. aBt. 1902, Bn. 
1911 (L.) ; mar. 1877 Laura Elizabeth, a Lady of 
Grace St. John of Jerus., dau. of the late 
Hy. D. Pochin, M.P. Seats, Bodnant, Talycafn, 
Denbighsh.; Hilders, Haslemere, Sun-ey; 
Chateau de la Garoupe, Antibes, France ; toivn 
res., 43 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creations. U.K.: A Bt. 1902; Bn. Aberconway, 1911. 

^ {IIcLaren.) 

Hon. Henrv Duncan McL., heir to Barony, M.A., 
barrister-at-law, M.P. (L.) for Bosworth, has been 
Pte. Sec. to Rt. Hon. D. Lloyd George ; b. 1879, mar. 
1910 Christabel Mary Melville, dau. of Sir Melville 
Leslie Macnagliten. iJes., 60 Eatou PI., S.W. (and 
heir, his son, Charles Melville, b. 1913.) 

Hon. Elsie Dorothea, now Hon. Mrs. Johnson-Fer- 
guson,h. 1880, mar. 1904 Edwd. Ales. Jas. J.-F., son 
and heir of ist Bt. Rea., Knockhill, Ecclefechan, 

Hon. Florence Priscilla, now Hon. Lady Jforman, 
C.B.E. (1917), spec, servs. in France in connection 
with Brit. Bosps. ; b. 1883, mar. 1907, as 2nd wife, 
Sir Hy. Norman, Bt., M.P., q.v. 

The deceased Hon. Francis Walter Stafford UcL., 
M.P. and Temp. Lieut. R.N. V. Res. and K. Flying 
Corps : b. 1886, killed 1917 while ilying, having 
mar. as below, 
Dau-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Francis McL. (Barbara, dau. of Col. Sir 
Herbert Jekyll, K.C.M.G.), mar. 1911 the pre- 
ceding. Res., a Little College St., Weatmr., S.W. 

ABERCORN, Duke op. James Albert 
Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke (Iret.), sits as 4th 
Marq. of A. {Gt. Br.) and is 12th Earl of A. 
(Sco^), holding thus a title in each of the three 
kingdoms, and being also Due de Chatelherault 
{Prance); Lord Lieut. Co. Tj-rone and a D.L. 
for Co. Donegal, Head of the House of Hamilton, 
and a Du-. of Brit. S. Africa Co. , a delegate to 
Irish Convention 1917; formerly Treas. of the 
Househd., Capt. 1st Life Guards (Res.), late Maj. 
North Irish Horse (Spec. Res.); a M.P. 1900-13 
fas Marq. of Hamilton) : son of 2nd D. ; b. 
Nov. 30, i86g; sue. 1913 (C.) ; mar. 1894 Lady 
Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham, dau. of 4th 
Earl of Lucan. K.P. Seats, Baronsooui-t, New- 
townstewart, Co. Tyrone ; Coates House, Fittle- 
worth, Sussex; town res., 61 Green St., Grosv. 

Mountcastle, and Kilpatrick, 1606. Irel. : Ld. Hamilton, 
Bn. of Strabane, 1617 ; Vise. Strabane and Bn. Mount- 
castle, 1701 : D. of Abercom and M. of Hamjltou, 1868, 
a Bt. abt. 1660. Gt. Br. : Vise. Hamilton, 1786 ; M. of 
Abercorn, 1790. France : Duo de Chatelherault, 1549 (see 



Directory of Peerage, 


that art.).— Among the ancestors of this line were tlie 
Scottish Lords of Cadzow and Earls of AiTan (the 
former title feudal and extinct, the latter now passed 
to the Duke of Hamilton). The and son of the 2nd 
Earl was created Marquess of Hamilton, and is the 
founder of that elder branch of the family from 
which, though afterwards only on the mateiuial side, 
the Dukes of Hamilton derive their origin. Th* 4th 
son of the same Earl was given the Paisley Lordship, 
and his successor was made Lord and afterwards Earl of 
Abercorn, with the accompanying titles of 1606. The 
two Peerages thus parted off : the 3rd Marq. of Hamilton 
was made Duke of the same, and the marriage of his 
daughter and successor with the Earl of Selkirk, son of 
the ist Marq. of Douglas, constituted the Hamilton line 
of Dukes the representatives on the female side of the 
older branch of the house of Hamilton, whilst the male 
heirship passed to the 2nd Earl of Abercorn, through 
whose relatives the younger branches continued in the 
present Dukes of the latter title— their line having all 
along followed male descent and thus made them the 
heads of the house of Hamilton, as the Hamilton Dukes 
are of that of Douglas. A brother of the 2nd Earl of 
Abercorn was made Lord Hamilton of Strabane, being 
thus the first in the house to hold an Irish title in this 
distinctly Scottish family; the 6th Earl, who resided 
mostly in Ireland, was promoted to be Vise. Strabane in 
the same Peerage. The ist Duke of Abercorn was Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland : he was the loth Scottish Earl, 
the 8th having received the British title of Vise. Hamil- 
ton, and the gth that of Marq. of Abercorn. The French 
Dukedom was conferred upon the 2nd Earl of Arran, as 
stated under "Chatelh^rault." The 2nd Duke was a 
M.P. for 20 years before his succession and held various 
Court appointments. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {3rd) D.: 

Lady Mary Cecilia Khodesia, now Lady Mary 

KenyoH-Slaney, b. 1896, mar. 1917 Capt. Robt. 

0. R. K.S., Gren. Gds., son of the late Rt. Hon. 

W. S. K.-S. and Lady Mabel .K^.-S. Res., Hatton 

Grange, Shifnal. 
Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix E., b. 1897. 
Lady Katharine H., b. 1900. 
Marq. of Hamilton, heir to Dukedom: James 

Edward H., b. 1904. 
Lord Claud David H., 2nd heir, b. 1907. 

Surviving issue of 2nd D. (bro, and sist. of pre- 
sent) : 
(Present Duke, b. 1869.) 
Lady Alexandra Phyllis H., b. 1876. 
(Lord (Arthur) John H., Capt. Irish Gds., b. 1883 ; 

killed in action 1914.) 
Lord Olaud Nigel H., M.V.O. (4th Class, 1916), D.S.O. 

(191S), Expdtny. Force 1914-5, Capt. Gren. Gds., 

Equerry to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales., b. 1689. 

Res., 112 Gloucester PI., Portman Sq., W. 

^Surviving issue of 1st D. (uncles and aunts of pre- 
sent) : 

Rt. Hon. Lord Claud John H., b 1843, see "Hamil- 
ton.', P.C. (i)," 

Rt. Hon. Lord George Francis H., b. 1845, see 
" Hamilton, Priv. Counc. (2) " 

Lady Albertha Frances Anne H., Mchss. of Bland- 
ford : b. 1847, mar. 1869, as ist wife, the Marq. of 
B., but obtd. divorce shortly before his succession 
as 8th D. of Marlborough (decree made absolute 
a few weeks after succession) : is mother of the 
present Duke of M. Res., 108 Park St., Grosvenor 
Sq., W. 

Lady Blaud EveljTi, now Molu^s. of Lansdowne, V.A., 
C.I. : b. 1830, mar. 1869 5th Marq. of L., q.v. 

Lord Frederick Spencer H.,3, M.P. i88s-6 and 1892-5 
(C), has been Sec. to Brit. Embassies or Legations 
at Berlin, St. Petersburg, Lisbon, and Buenos 
Aires, late Editor of the Pall Mall Magazine ; 
h. 1856. Res., 13 Gt. College St., Westmr., S.AV. 

Lord Ernest William //.,formerlyCai)t. nth Hussars, 
a M.P. 1885-92 (C): b. 1858, mar. 1891 Pamela 
Louisa Augusta Ambrosa, dau. of Capt. Fredc. A. 
Camjibell, son of the ist Bt. of Thames Ditton 
(Lady Ernest H.). Res., Shan took Hall, Bovingdon, 
Boxmoor, Herts. 

ABEECORN, Duke's Widow. Dowager 
Duchess of A. (formerlyLady Mary Anna Oiirson, 
dau. of 1st Earl Howe), mar. 1869 2nd D. of 
Abercorn, K.G. (d. 1913). Hes., 112 Gloucester 
PL, Portman Sq.,W. 

ABEECROMBIE, Temp. Lt.-Col. Chaklbs 
MuBKAY, C.M.G. (1916), comdg. aBn. Lane. Fus. 

ABERCROMBY, family name of following 

ABERCROMBY, Baron. John Abercromhy, 
5th Bn. {U.K.), Hon. LL.D., formerly Capt. 
Highl. Bord. Mil. and Lieut. Rifle Bi-igade : son 
of 3rd Bn. and bro. of 4th; b. Jan, 15, 1841 ; 
sue. 1917; mar. 1876 Adele "W. M. von Heiden- 
stam, but obtained divorce 1879. No heir. Seat, 
Tullibody Castle, Cambus, Clackmannansh. ; 
res., 62 Palmerston PL, Edinburgh ; toiu7i res., 
41 Brompton Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Abercromby, U.K. i8oi.— Peerage 
granted to the widow of Gen. Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
who died of his wounds at Alexandria in 1801. 

Titled Relative. 
Surviving issue of^rd Bn. (sist. of present) : 

Hon. Montagu, now Montagu, Ctss. of Glasgow, q.v., 

b. 1835, mar. 1856 6th Earl of G. (d. 1890). 
(Present Baron, b. 1841.) 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet. Sir Georoe 
William Aheroromhy, 8th Bt. {Scot. 1636) 
D.S.O. (1917), Chief of the Abercromby Clan 
temp. Lt.-(Jol. comdg. a Serv. Batt., Black 
Watch, formerly Lieut. Scots Gds. and A.D.C 
to Sir N. Lyttelton, C.-in-C, Ireland : so 
7th Bt., b. l886, sue. 1895. Heir, his bro 
Robert Alexander, Capt. Scots Gds. (b. 1895; 
2nd heir, their imcle Captain George Cosmo A.. 
b. 1854). Seats, Forglen House, near Turriff, 
N.B. ; Bii-kenbog, Banffsh. {let) ; Castle Douglas, 
Kirkoudbts. ; Eermoy, Co. Cork ; town res.. 
36 St. James's St., S.W. 

ABERCROMBY, Baronet's Widow, now 
Ctss. of Northbrook, q.v. 

ABERD ARE, Baron. Hbnry Campbell B;-Mce, 
2nd Bn. {U.K.), V.D., a D.L. for Glamorgan, 
Pres. of Univ. Coll. of S. Wales, Hon. Col. (late 
Comdg.) 5th Batt. Welsh Regt. (Terr.) : son o" 
1st Bn. ; b. Jime 19, 1851 ; sue. 1895 {L.) ; mar. 
1880 Constance Mary, dau. of the late Hamilton 
Beckett. Seat, Duffryn, Mountain Ash, Glamorg 
town res., 83 Eaton Sq., S.W. 

Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

(The deceased "Hon. Henry Lyndhurst B., Capt. 3rd 
Batt. Roy. Soots : b. i88i ; killed in action 1914, 
having mar. as below. ) 

Hon. Margaret Cecilia, now Countess of Bradford, 
b. 1882, mar. 1904 Vise. Newport, now gth £. of 
Bradford, q.v. 

Hon. Clarence Napier B., heir to Barony, B.A., 
barrister-at-law, temp. Lt. znd Life Gds. (Res.), 
Capt. Glamorgn. Yeo. : b. iSSg, mar. 191* Mar- 
garet Bethune, dau. of Adam Black (Hon. Mrs. 
Clarence B.). Res., 67 Victoria Bd., Kensington, 

Hon. John Hamilton B., znd heir, late Lieut. 
Glamorg. Yeom., b. 1889. 


Baronetage, Knightage, dec. 



Hon. Eva Isabel Marian, now The Lady Belper, 
b. 1892 mar. 1911 Capt. Hon. Algernon Strutt, 
now 3rd Bn. Belper, q.T. 

Hon. Constance Pamela Aliee B., h. iSgg. 

Hon. Victor Austin B., Lieut, nth Hussars, b. 1897. 
— Bau.-in-lmo {remri'd.} : Mrs. John Euans (Camilla 
Antoinette, dau. of the late Reynold Clifford), 
mar. 1st, 1906, tlie above late Capt. Hon. Henry L. 
B. : zndly, 1917, Capt. J. Meredith J. J?. Res., 85 
Gloucester Kd., W. 

Surviving issue of ist Bn. (sists., half-bros. and 
half-sists. of present Bn,) : 


Hon. Rachel Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Augustus 
Vemoji-HctreoiH-t, b. 1848, mar. 187a Aug. Geo. 
V.-H. Res., St. Clare, Hyde, I.W. 

Hoc. Jessie Frances, now Hon. Mrs. John Wynne- 
Jones, b. 1849, mar. 1878 Rev. Jno. Wm. W.-J. 
Res., Llanbeblig Vic, Carnarvon ; Tre Torwerth 
Valley, Anglesey. 


Hon. Sarah Napier, now Hon. Mrs. Montague ilidr- 

Mackenzie, b. 1856, mar. 1888 Mont. Johnstone 

M.-M., son of Sir Jno. W. Pitt U.-M., 2nd Bt. 

Res., 21 Hyde Pk. Gt., S.W. ; Pen Pole Ho., Shire- 

hampton, Bristol. 
Hon. William Napier B., C.B. (Civ. 1905), barrister- 

at-law, Princ. Assist. Sec. Educ. Bd., : b. 1858, mar. 

1882 Emily, dau. of the late Gen. Sir Wm. M. S. 

McMurdo, G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs. William B.). Res., 

14 Cranley Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 
Hon. Isabel Ellen, now Hon. Mrs. Champion SMssdl, 

b. i860, mar. 1887 Champ. Branfill R. Res., Stubbers, 

North Ockendon, Romford, Esser. 
Hon. Elisabeth Fox, now Hon. Mrs. Percy Mathison, 

b. 1861, mar. 1895 Percy Ewing M. Res., i Savlle 

Rd., Oxford. 
Hon. Pamela Georgina B., b. 1862. Res., RadclifFe 

House, St. Giles, Oxford. 
Hon. Charles Granville B., M.V.O. (4th Qass, i9<^). 

Col. (temp. Br. -Gen.) on Staff I.A., served with 

Tirah Expedn. 1897-8, aftds. in charge of Ind. 

Orderly Offrs., also Dardanelles 1915: b. 1866, 

mar. 1894 Finetta Madelina Julia, dau. of Col. Sir 

Edwd. F. Campbell, 2nd Bt., of Thames Ditton 

(Hon. Mrs. Charles B.). 
Hon. Alice Moore B.,M.A., Vice-Princ. of Somerville 

Coll., Oxford, b. 1867. Res., with Hon. Pamela. 

ABERDEEN, Bishop of.^ Et. Rev. Frederic 
Llewellyn Deane, D.D., Bp. of Aberd, and 
Orkney, late Provost and Canon of Glasgow 
Cath., prev. vicar of St. Andre-w's, Leicester : b. 
1868, cons. 1917. Bes., Bishop's Ct., Aberdeen. 

ABERDEEN, Marquess of. John Campbell 
Gordon, 1st Marq. and 7th Earl {Scot.) and 
a Bt., K.T. (1906), P.O. {9t. Br. 1886), 
G.C.M.G. (1895), G.C.V.O. (1911), M.A., Hon. 
LL.D. & D.C.L. ; late Lord Lieut, of L-eld., 
1905-15, now of Aberdeensh. and Pres. of its 
Territ. Force Assoc, a D.L. for (3o. of City of 
Aberdeen, Hon. Col. 1st H'land Bgde. R.F.A. 
Terr., is Lieut. Roy. Go. of Aiohers, late Lord 
Reot. St. Andrews Univ. ; has been Gov. -Gen. of 
Canada, and Lord High Cammissr. to Gen. 
Assemb. (Dh. of Scotld. 1915 (prev. 1881-5) • 
son of 5th E., bro. of 5th, and grandson of the 
Premier of 1852-5 : b. Aug. 3, 1847; sue. 1870 as 
7th E., created 1916 Marq. {L.) ; has dropped 
name of Hamilton ; mar. 1877 Hon. Ishbel Maria 
Marjoribanks, dau. of 1st Bn. Tweedmouth. 
Se<its, Haddo House, Aberdeen; House of 
Cromar, Tarland, Aboyne, Aberdeensh. ; Cold- 
stream Ranch, Vernon, Brit. Columbia. 

Creations. Scot. : A Bt. 1642 ; E. of Aberdeen, Vi«c. 
Fonnartine, and Bn. Haddo. Methlic, Tarves, and 
Kellie, 1682. U.K.: Vise. Gordon, 1814— Marq. of Aber- 
deen and Temair and E.of Haddo, 1916. Associated in 
origin with the house of Huntly. The ist Earl was Lord 
(Chancellor of Scotland. The Crimean War began under 
the Premiership of the 4th E.arl, who also was the 
recipient of the U.K. Viscty., and whose youngest son 
became ist Bn. Stanmore. 

Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue of present {Jth) E. (name Gordon) : 
Earl of Haddo, heir to Marquessate : George G.. 
a D.L. for Aberdeensh., L.C.C., b. 1879, mar. 1906 
Mary Florence, widow of E. S. Cockayne, and dau. 
of the late Jos. Clixby. Res., House of Schlvas, 
Ellon, Aberdeensh. ; 16 Cambridge Sq., Hyde Pk., 

Lady Marjorie Adeline, now The Lady Pentland. b. 
1880, mar. 1904 Capt. Rt. Hon. John Sinclair, now 
ist Bn. P. (q.v.). 

Lord Dudley Gladstone G., 2nd heir, D.S.O. {1917). 
temp. Maj, (Serv. Batt.), late Capt. 2nd Vol. Batt. 
Gordon Highldrs. : b. 1883, mar. 1907 Ceoile Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Geo. J.Drummond, of Penshurst ( Hon. 
Lady Dudley G.). Res.. Bourne PL, Bexley, Kent. 

Surviving issue of yh E. (sists. of present Marq. ; 
name Hamilton-Gordon before mrrge.) : 
(Present Marq., b. 1847.) 

Lady Harriet, now Lady H. Lindsay, b. 1849, mar. 
1870 Wm. Alex. L., K.C., Windsor Herald, grand- 
son of 24th E. of Crawford. Res., Deer Pk.,Honiton, 
Devon ; 17 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 
Lady Katherine Eliza, now The Lady Balfour oj 
Burleigh, b. 1852, mar. 1876 6th Bn. B. of B., q.T. 

ABERDOUR, Lord {by court esy-^tit\e, Scot. 
1458), grandson and heir of E. of Morton. 

ABERGAVENNY {pron. Aberghenny), Mar- 
quess OF. Reginald Willixm Bkansby Nevill, 
2nd Marq. {U.K.), J.P. Kent ; late Lieut. West 
Kent Yeomanry, son of 1st Marq.: b. March 4, 
1853; sue. 1915(C), unman-ied. Seat, Bridge 
Castle, Sussex, nr. Tvmb. "Wells. 

OtEATioNS. - Bnsi. : Bn. Bergavenny, 1392 by writ, 
renewed 1450 (Burke firet uses the form Abergavenny 
under the gth Bn., sue. i6ae). (H. Br.: K. of Aber- 
gavenny and Vise. Nevill, 1784. U.K.: M. of Aber- 
gavenny and E. of Lewes, 1876.— The ist Bn. Beigavenny 
was son of the ist Barl of Weetjnarland and imcle of 
the famous " King- Maker," Earl of Warwick. The 17H1 
Bn. was created Earl, and the sth Earl, a K.G., was 
promoted to the Marquessate. 

Titled Relatives. 


Surviving issue of the late (isf) M. (bros. and sists. 
of present) : 

Lady Cicely Louisa, now Lady (Cicely Gathome- 
Hardy, b. 1851, mar. 1672 Brig.-Gen. Hon. Chas. 
Gathorne G.-B., son of ist E. of (Jranbrook, q.v. 

(Present Marquess, b. 1853,) 

Lord Henry Gilbert Ralph N., heir pres. to Mar- 
quessate, Hon Lt.-Col., Yeo. Res., prev. W.Kent 
Yeo., late Suss. Imper. Yeo. : b. 1854, mar. 1886, 
2nd wife, Maud Augusta Beckett, Order of Mercy, 
sist. of 2nd Bn. Grimthorpe (Lady Henry JV.). 
Res., Eridge Castle, Sussex ; 80 Eaton Pi., S.W. 

Lord George Montacute iV., 2nd heir, a D.L. for 
Sussex, formerly Lieut. Roy. W. Kent Mil. : b. 
1856, mar. 1882 Florence Mary, dau. of the late 
Temple Soanes (Lady George N.). Res., 22 Palmeira 
Sq., Hove, Brighton ; 7A Eaton Sq., S. W. 

Lord William Beauchamp iV., b. i860, mar. 1889 
Luisa Maria Carmen de Uurrieta, dau. of Marq. 
de Santurce (Lady Wm. jV. ). Res. , 37 Onslow Gdns. , 

Lord Richard Plautagenefc N., C.V.O. (1916), C.M.G. 
(1909), B.A., a D.L. for Sussex, late Comptr. to 
H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, Gov,-Gen. of 
Canada.prev. Chamberln. to Gov.-Gen. of the Com- 
monwealth, was Priv. Sec. to ist E. of Cranbrook 
(Lord Presdt. of the Councl.): b. 1862. Chib, 

Lady Idina Mary, now Lady Idina Hythe, a Lady 
of Justice St. John Jerus., b. 1865, mar. 1^89 Hon. 
Thos. AUnutt Brassey, now Vise. Hythe, son and 
heir of ist E. Brassey, q.v. 
— Dau.-in-Iaw of 4fh E.: 

Hon. Mrs. Ralph N. (Louisa Marianne, dau. of Sir 
Chas. F. Maclean, 9th Bt.), mar. i860 Hon. Ralph 
Pelham y. (b. 1832, d. 1914). Res., Birling Manor 
(destroyed by fire 1917), West Mailing, Kent. 

{Scot. 1633) — see "Hamilton, D. of." 



Directory of Peerage, 


{Scot. 1562)— see "Moray, E. of." 

ABEREUTHVEN &c., Babon {.Scot. i707)-see 
"Montrose, D. of." 

ABINGDON, Eael of. Montagu Abthub 
Bertie (pron. Barty), 7tli Earl [Eng.), a D.L. for 
Berks., Hi^h Steward of Abingdon and Hon. Col. 
3rd Batt. Eoy. Berks. Eegt. (Sp. E.), is heir pres. 
to the Lindsey Earldom: son of 6th E. ; b. May 
13, 1836; Ruo. 1884 (C.) ; mar., 1st, 1858, the late 
Caroline Theresa (d. 1873), dau. of Chas. Towne- 
ley ; 2ndly, 1883, Gwendeline Mary, dau. of the late 
Lt.-Gen. Hon. Sir Jas. C. Dormer, K.C.B., and 
sist. of present Bn. Dormer. Seat, "Wytham 
Abbey, Oxfords. 

Ckeations. Ejip..- Bn, Norreys, 1572 by writ; E. of 
Abingdon, 1682.— The let Bn. Norreys or Norris was Am- 
bassador under Elizabeth to the Court of France. The 
2nd Bn. was created Earl of Berkshire, but that title 
expired at his death, whilst the Norreys Buy. descended 
through his daughter to his great-grandson, afterwards 
created Earl of Abingdon. 

Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue of present (Jth) E.: 


Lady Mary Caroline, now Lady Edmund TaXbot, b. 

1859, mar. 1879 Lord Edmd. Bernard T., M.P., son 

of 14th D. of Norfolk, q.v. 

Lord Norreys, heir to Earldom : Montague Charles 

Francis Towneley-Bertie, a D.L. for Berks, a Kt. of 

Grace St. John of Jerus.. temp. Capt. R. Defence 

C, late Dorset Regt. (Garr. Bn.), formerly 3rd 

Batt. Boy. Berks. Regt., served in S. Africa 1899- 

1900: b. i860, mar. 1885 Hon. Rose Riversdale Glyn, 

sist. of 4th Bn. Wolverton, and granted the rank 

of a Bn.'s dau. : assumed 1896 the addit. name of 

Towneley. Res. , 35 York Terr. , Reg. Pk. , N. W. 

Issue : 

Hon. Alexandra Rose Alice T.-B., h. 1886. 

Hon. Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil T.-B., 2nd 

heir to Earldom, Lieut. Gren. Gds. (Sp. Res.), 

prev. Capt. Roy. Anglesey R.E. (Spec. Res.), 

A.D.C. Pers, Staff', late temp. Flight Sub.- 

Lieut. R.N.A.S., has been employed under 

Egyptian Govt. : b. 1887. Res., 44 Curzon St., 


Lady Alice Josephine, now Lady A. Reyntiens, h- 

1865, mar., ist, 1890, the late Sir Gerald H. Portal, 

K.C.M.G. (d. 1894) ; 2ndly, 1897, the late Maj. Robt. 

Reyntiecs, A.D.C. to the late King of the Belgians 

(d. 1913). Res., 3S York Terr., with Lord Norreys. 


Lady Gwendeline Theresa Mary, now Lady G. 

Spencer-Churohill, b. i88s, mar. 1908 John S.-C. 

Maj. Oxfordsh. Teo., sou of the late Lord 

Randolph Churchill. Res., 41 Cromwell Rd., S.W. 
Hon. Artliur Micliael JS.,D.S.O. (1917), Lieut., temp. 

Capt. nth Batt. Rif. Bgde., Expdtny. Force 1914-S. 

b. i885. 
Lady Elizabeth Constance Mary ("Betty"), now 

Lady Betty Traffurd, b. 189.";, mar. 1914 Capt. 

Sigismund W. Y. T. Res., Wroxham Hall, Norwich. 
Hon. James Willoughby B., a Nav. Cadet, b. 1901. 

Issue 0/ 6th E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

(Pbj;sent Earl, b. 1836.) 

Lady Elizabeth Emily B., b. 1836. 

Lady Lavinia Louisa, now Lady L. Biclcersteth, b. 
1843, mar. 1883 the late Robt. B. (d. 1916), son of 
2nd Bp. of Ripon. Res., Downgate House, Wad- 
hurst, Sussex. 

Bn. Bertie of Thame, b. 1844. 

Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edward B., M.A., b. 1846, 
mar. 1B81 Lady Caroline Elizabeth McDonnell, dau. 
of loth E. of Antrim. Res., GedUng Rect., Not- 

Lady Frances Evelyn B.;^ anun, b. 1848.^ iJes., Con 

dau. of Sir Walter B. Farquhar, 3rd Bt. Res., 36 
EcclestonSq., S.W. , .,. . , „ , 

Ion. Charles Cl.aude £., formerly Lieut. 47th Foot, 
b. iSsi, widower. 

Hon. Reginald Henry .B., C.B. (Mh. igoo-i), Col. retd., 
late comdg. 2nd Batt. Roy. Welsh Fus., served in 
Crete 1897-8, China 1900 : b. 1836, mar. 1892 Lady 
Amy Evelyn Courtenay, dau. of the late Ld. 
Courtenay, and sist. of 14th E. of Devon. Res.. 
Luckington Court, Chippenham, Wilts. 
— Daus. -in-law: 

Lady Caroline EUz. B., see Rev. Hon. Alberic above. 
Lady Arny Evelyn JS., see Hon. Reginald. 
ABINGEE. Baron. Egbert Brooke Camp- 
bell ^cajtoc, 6th Bn. (;7..ff.),temp. Lt. R.N.V.E., 
barrister-at-law, late an Asst. Paym. R.N. : son 
of the late Lt.-Col. Leopold J. Y. 0. Scarlett and 
bro.of 5thBn. : b. Jan. 8, 1876; sue. I9i7((?.) ;mar. 
1917 Mme. de Serignac, formerly Mme. Steinheil. 
Bes., Eownhams House, Southampton; chamhs., 
26 Palace Chambs., Bridge St., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Abiuger, U.K. 1835.— The first to hold 
the title had just been appointed Ld. Ch. Baron of the 

Titled Relatives and Heib. 
Surviving hros. and sist. of present {6th) Bn. (granted 
rank of Bn.'s children 1904) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1876.) 

Hon. Hugh Richard S., D.S.O. (1916), heir pres. to 
Bny., Maj. R.A., Europ. War, late A.D.C. to Sir 
W. McGregor in Qut-ensld., b. 1878, mar. 1913 
Marjorie, dau. of John McPhillamy, of New 
South Wales (Hon. Mrs. S.). Res., White Lodge, 
Datchet, Windsor, (and heir, his son James 
Richard, b. 1914.) 
Hon. Ruth Hester Frances S., b. 1882. Res., Renen- 
den Ho., Boxley, nr. Maidstone, with her mother, 
Mrs. Leopold H. 
Hon. Perey Gerald S., Mil. Cross (1916), Maj. E. 
Kent Regt., a D. A. A. and Q.M.G., B.E.F. 1914-6, 
b. i88s. 
The deceased Hon. Leopold Florence S., Lieut. R.N., 
b. 1889 (posthumous). (Lost in submarine of Roy. 
Aust. Navy, 1914.) 
Surviving issue of^rdBn. (2nd cousins of present) : 
Hon. Ella Campbell, M.D., now Hon. Mrs. Percy 
Synge, b. 1864, mar. 1901 Capt. Percy Hamilton 6'. 
Hon. Helen Charlotte, now Hon. Mrs. Nicholas 
Charlton, b. 1866, mar. 1885 the late Nich. Jno. G. 
(d. 1892). 
Hon. Evelina Haverfield, b. 1867, mar. 1899, 2nd 
hush.. Col. Jno. Hy. Balguy, R.A., but re-assumed 
by deed-poll the name of her former husband. 
Dau. of2ndBn. (1st cous. once rem. of present) : 
Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Sidney Umith, 
b. 1828, mar. 1857 the late Rev. Sidney Lidderdale S. 
{A. 1903I, Canon Resid. of Hereford. Res., South 
Bank, Hereford. 
ABINGER, Baeon'b Widow. Lady A. (Lila 
Lucy Catherine Mary) , dau. of late Rt. Hon. Sir 
William A. White, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., and widow 
of M. Carl E. de Geijer, mar. 2ndly 1899, 
5th Bn. A. (b. 1872, d. 1917). 

ABNEY, Knight. Capt. Sir William db 
WiVELESLiE Abney, K.C.B. (Civ. igoo), E.E. 
retd., D.C.L., D.Sc, F.E.S.. Scient. Adviser to 
Bd. of Educn., late Prine. Asst. Sec. for Secondary 
Educn., Past Pres. of Eoy. Astronom., Phys., and 
Eoy. Photog. Socs. : b. 1843, mar- 1889, 2nd wife, 
Mary Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. E. N. Mead, 
D.D., of U.S.A. Res., Measham Hall, Ather- 
stone ; 10 Sth. Bolton Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

ABOYNE, Earl of (Scot. 1660)— see "Huntly, 
M, of," this being the title of the heir to the 
Marquessate when a son. 

ABRAHAM, Bishop— see " Derby." 
ABEAHAM, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. William 
Abraham, P.O. {G-t. Br. 1911), Hon. LL.D., M.P. 
for Rhondda {Lab.), "Vice -Presdt. of Mon. and 
S. Wales Conciliation Bd., late Presdt. of the 
S. Wales Miners' Eed. and Ti'eas. of the Miners' 
Fed. of Gt. Br. ; b. 1842, widower. Res., Biyn-y- 
Bedw, Pentre, Pontypridd. 


Baronetage, Knightage, (kc. 



ABRAHAMS, Knight. Sir Lionel ^IJmAams, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1915, C.B. Civ. 1908), Aast. Under- 
Sec, of State for India late Financ. Sec. Ind. 
Office : b. 1869, mar. 1896 Lucy, dau. of N. S. 
Joseph. Ees., 18 Porchester Terr., Bayswater 
Rd., W. 

ACCRA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Mowbrat 
Stephen O'Borke, M.A.,D.D., formerly Curate of 
St. Paul, Jarrow, and Rect. of St. Paul, Rock- 
hampton, Queensld. : b. 1879, consc. 1913. Res., 
Seceondee, W. Africa. 

ACHESON {pron. Atcheson), family name of 
GosFORD Earldom, q.v. for " Hons." 

ACHESON, "Viscount {hy courtesy), el^er son 
and heir of E. of Gosford, q.v. Baron Acheson 
{U.K. 1847) is a title of the Earldom, but " Vise. 
Aeheson" is substituted for "Vise. Gosford." 

ACHONRY, Bishop of— see " Tiiam." 

ACKLOM, Com. Cecil Rytiier, C.B. (Civ. 
1914), R.N. (ret.), Assist. Suptdt. R. Gun. Fact., 
Woolwich ; served in Vitii Expedn. 1890 : b. 1872. 

ACKROYD, Knight's "Widow. Lady ^. (Mary, 
dau. of the late Wm. Hy. Lucas), mar. 1880 
Sir Edward Jas. Ackroyd, Kt. Bach., Judge of 
Supr. Ct., Hong Kong (d. 1904). i?cs., 8 Selbome 
Rd., Hove, Sussex. 

ACLAND, Baronet of Oolumh John (loc. Culm 
John). Sir (Charles) Thomas Dyke Aclond, 12th 
Bt. {Eng. 1644 N.s. and 1678), M.A., barriater-at- 
law, a D.L. for Devon and Somerset, and Dep. 
"Warden of the Stannaries, a Co. Aid. for Devon, 
was High Sheriff 1903-4, formerly Maj. and Hon. 
Lt.-Col. 1st Devon Yeom., Sec. to Bd. of Trade in 
1886, a M.P. 1882-92 (i.), has been 2nd Chui-ch 
Estates Commissr. : son of 11th Bt., b. 1842, sue. 
1898, mar. 1879 Gertrude, dau. of Sir Jno. W. 
Walrond, ist Bt., and sist. of Bn. Waleran. Heir 
pres., his bro., the undermentioned Rt. Hon. 
Arthur Herbert Dyke A. (,2nd heir, latter's 
son, Rt. Hon. Francis Dyke J., below, b. 1874). 
Seats, Killerton, Exeter ; Holnicote, Allerford, 

ACLAND, Baronet of Oxford. Adm. Sir 
William Alison Dyke ^<;?an(?,2ndBt.(f/'.JSr. 1890), 
C.V.O. (1903), F.R.G.S., Assoc. Inst. Nav. Aichi- 
tects, was attached to Chilian Army in war with 
Peru 1880-1, Dep. Commissr. for W. Pacific 1884-8, 
late a Nav. A.D.C. to Queen Victoria, 2nd m comd. 
of Chann. Squadr., and Supt. Gibraltar Dockyd., 
ret. igii : son of ist Bt. and 1st cousin of above 
Bt. of Columb John ; b. 1847, sue. igoo, mar. 1887 
the under-mentioned Hon. Lady Acland. Heir, his 
son William Henry Dyke, M.C, temp. Maj. 
Devon Yeo. and R.F.C. (b. 1888; 2nd heir, next 
son, Hubert Guy Dyke, Lieut., R.N., b. 1890). 
Ctub, United Serv. 

ACLAND, Hon. Lady, wife of preceding Bt. 
and dau. of the late Bt. Hon. W. H. Smith and 
Vctss. Hambleden. 

ACLAND, Knight. Sir Reginald Brodie 
Dyke Acland, Kt. Bach. (1914), K.C. (1904), 
M.A., Judge Advocate of the Fleet and Recorder 
of Oxford (prev. of Shrewsbury), Chm. Berks. 
Q,.S., has been Juu. Couns. to theTreas. : bro. of 
above Bt. of Oxford ; b. 1856, mar. 1885 Helen 
Emma, dau. of Rev. Thos. Fox. Bes., I'hirtover, 
Cold Ash, nr. Newbury. Berks ; 85 a Linden Gdns., 
W. ; chamhs., 2 Hare Gt., Temple, E.G. 

ACLAND, Priv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. Arthur 
HsBBBET Dyke ^oianfi, P.O. (&t. Br. 1892), M.A., 
Hon. LL.D., a M.P. 1885-98 (L.), and has been 

Vice-Pres. Cmttee. of Counc. on Education, Prine. 
of Oxford Mil. Coll. (Cowley), and Senior Bursar 
of Balliol Coll. : 2nd sur\'. son of late Rt. Hon. 
Sir Thos. D. Acland, nth Bt. of Columb John, 
and bro. and heir pres. of present Bt. ; b. 1847, 
mar. 1873. Res., Weaponess Park, Scarborough ; 
29 St. James's Ct., Buckm. Gt., S.W. 

ACLAND, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. Francis 
Dyke Acland, P.C. [Gt. Br. 1915), M.P. (L.) for 
Camborne, Dep. Dir.-Gen. of Food Product. 
(imp.), late Parly. Sec. to Bd. of Agriculture, 
temp. Lieut. London Univ. Contingent Inf. 
(Terr.), has been Under-Sec. for For. Affairs, 
Financl. Sec. to War Office, and Parly. Priv. Sec. 
to Rt. Hon. R. B. (Lord) Haldane, when Sec. of 
State; son of preceding: b. 1874, mar. 1905. 
Address, 5 Cheyne PI., S.W. 

ACLAND, Hon. Mrs. Alfred, dau. of 1st Vctss. 
Hambleden and sist. of above Hon. Lady A. 

ACLAND, Eng.-Lieut. Edward Leopold 
Dyke, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1913), R.N., has'oeenin 
R. Yacht: b. 1878 (descedt. of 10th Bt. of Columb 

ACLAND, Maj. (temp. Lieut.-Col.) Hugh 
Thomas Dyke, C.M.G. (1917). F.R.C S., N.Z.A. 
Med. C. ; S. Aiiica. 1900-1 ; Em-op. War 1914-6 : 
b. 1874 (grands, of lOthBt. of Columb John). Ees., 
Christchurch, N.Z. 

A'COURT (HOLMES-), family name of 
Heytesbuky Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 

A'COURT-BEPINGTON— see " Repington," 
but not a compound name. 

ACTON, Baron. Richard Maximilian 
Dalberg - Actnn, 2nd Bn. [U.K.) and a Bt., 
K.C.V.O. (1916), late a Lord-in-Waiting to H.M., 
Brit. Cons-Gen. at Zurich, prev. Couns. of Emb. 
Brit. Legation, Berne, has been Charge d'Affaires 
at Darmstadt and Carlsruhe, late 1st Sec. at The 
Hague ; son of 1st Bn. : b. Aug. 7, 1870 ; sue. 
1902 (i.) ; mar. 1904 Dorothy, dau. of the late 
Thos. H. Lyon, of Appleton Hall, Warrington. 
Seat, AldenhamPk., Bridgnorth, Salop ; town res., 
Rutland Lodge, Rutland Gdns., S.W. ; Brit. 
Consulate-Gen., Zurich. 

Acton, U.K. 1869 — 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Marie Inimaoul6e Antoinette D.-A., b. 190s. 
Hon. I>orothT Klizabeth Anne Pelline D.-A.. b. 1906. 
Hon. John Emerich Henry D.-A.,beiT to Barony, 

Hon. Richard "William Heribert Peter D.-A., and 

beir, b. igog, 
Hon. Helen Mary Grace D.-A., b. 1910. 
Hon. Gabrielle Marie Leopoldine D.A., b. 1912. 
Hon. Joan Henrica Josepha Mary Clare D.-A., b. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mary Elizabeth Auue, now Hon. Mrs. Edward 

Herbert, b. 1866, mar. 1901 Lt.-Col. Edwd. 

Bleiddian ff., grandson of the late Baron Llanover. 
(Present Baron, b. 1870.) 
Hon. Jeanne Marie D.-A., b. 1876. 

ACTON, Baron's Widow. The Dowager Lady 
A. (Ctss. Marie Arco-Valley, of Munich), mar. 
1865 1st Bn. (see under Creations ; d. 1902). Res., 
Tegemsee, Bavaria. 



Directory of Peerage, 


ACTON (DALBERG-], family name of above 
Bny., q.v. for "Hons." 

ACUTT, Ernest Leslie, C.M.G. (1902), Mayor 
of Durban, Natal, in year of promotion : b. 1855. 
Res., Berea, Diu'ban. 

ACWORTH, Harry Abbuthnot, CLE. (1895), 
Bomb. C. S. retd.; barrister-at-law, late Maj. 
Bomb. Rif. Vols., Munic. Commissr. of Bombay 
1890-6, founded Matonga Leper Asylum, has 
written Ballads and other works : b. 1849. Res., 
Walmer Lodge, Great Malvern. 

ADAIR, Baronet. Sir Robert Shapto Adair, 
5th Bt. {U.K. 1838), B.A., D.L. for Co. Antrim, 
barrister-at-law : son of 3rd Bt. and bro. of 4th, 
born 1862, sue. 1915, mar. 1890 Mary, dau. of 
Henry Anstey Bosanquet. Sole heir, his son. 
Allan Heney Shafto, 2nd Lt. Gren. Gds. (Sp. 
Res.), b. 1897. Seats, Flixton Hall, Bungay, 
Suffolk ; Adair Lodge, Aldeburgh, same Co. ; The 
Castle, Ballymena, Co. Antiim; 12 York Ho., 
Kensington, W. 

*»'• The 2nd Baronet, Sir Robert Alexander Shafto 
Adair, was M.P. (L.) for Cambridge, and was created 
Baron Waveney in 1873, a title wliich became extinct 
upon his death in 1886. 

ADAIR, Knight. Gen. Sir William Thompson 
Adair, IL.C.^. (Mil. 1909), R.M.L.I., retd. 1915, a 
D.L. for Antrim, late D.A.G. for R. M., prev. an 
Instr. at R. Mil. Coll. and a Prof, at R. Nav. Coll. ; 
S. Afi-ica 1899-1900 ; b. 1850 (son of the late Gen. 
Sir C. W. Adair, K.C.B., R.M.), mar. 1905, 2nd 
wife, Angela, dau. of the late Fredk. Plowes. 
Res., Loughanmore, Dunadry, Co. Antrim. 

ADAM, Baronet of Blair Adam. SirCaAELES 
Elphinstonk Adami, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1882), M.A., 
barrister-af>-law, has been Lord Lieut., Convener, 
and C.C. of Kinross-sh., and Pres. of its Territ. 
Force Assoc, is a D.L. for Fife, Rail, Trans. Off. 
as temp. Lieut., late Priv. Sec. to Lord Tweed- 
mouth in three offices : son of the late Rt. Hon. 
Wm. P. Adam, b. 1859. Heir, none. Res., Blair 
Adam House, and Barns, both Blairadam, 
Kinross-sh.; chamhs., 5 New Sq., Line. Inn, W.C. 

ADAM, Baroneto/ ifante?ow Court. Sir Frank 
Forbes Adam, 1st Bt. [U.K. 1917), Kt. Bach. 
(1890), CLE. (1888), Hon. LL.D., a D.L. for 
Lanes., a merchant and a Gov. of Imper. Inst., 
formerly a M.L.C and Pres. Chamb. of Com- 
merce of Bombay, also of that of Manchester, is 
Chmn. of Counc." Manch. Univ., Vice (late Actg.) 
Chmn. E. Lanes. T.F. Assoc. : son of late Jas. 
Graham .'1., of Denovan, Stirlingsh. : b. 1846, mar. 
1883 Rose Frances, dau. of Charles Gurdon 
Kemball, late Judge of Bomb. High Ct. Heir, 
his son Maj. Ronald Forbes, R.F.A. (b. 1885; 
2nd heir, next son, Eric Graham, b. 1888). Res., 
Hankelow Court, nr. Nantwich, Cheshire. 

ADAM, widow of Lord of Session. Lady A. 
(Catherine Beatson, dau. of Jno. Beatson Bell, 
W.S.), mar. 1861 James (Hon. Lord) Adam (d. 
1914'), Judge of the Courts of Session and 
Justiciary (Scot.), 1876-1905. Res., 34 Moray PL, 

ADAM, Lady Antonia Lillian, dau. of late 
Earl de Montalt (see " Hawarden "). 

ADAM, Col. Fredkrick Archibald, CB. (Mil. 
1913), has been a Divisl. Comdr., late S. Lane. 
Regt. , late comdg. Inf. Bgde., Malta, prev. N. 
Lane. Inf. Bgde. ; B. Africa 1899-1902 : b. i860. 

ADAM, Hon. Mrs. Frederick (Loch), dau. of 
4th Bn. Ashbui-ton. 

ADAMS, Knight. Maj. -Gen. Sir Robert 
Bellbw Adams, K.CB. (Mil. 1912), UC (1897), 
LA. (ret. 1911) ; Afghn. 1879-80. Chitral ReUef, 
and N.W. Front. 1897-8, late an A.D.C. to H.M. 
and comdg. Derajat Brigade: b. 1856. Club, East 
India U. Serv. 

ADAMS, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of lat Bn. 

ADAMS, Lonis, I.S.O. (1912), Ch. Cashier, 
Office of Crown Agents for the Colonies : b. 1853. 
Res., 38 Maple Rd., Sui-biton, Surrey. 

ADAMS, Lt.-Col. Noel Percy, C.M.G. (1917), 
N.Z. Fee., attd. F.A. ' 

ADAM8,WilliamEenry,J[.8.0. (1902), late 1st 
Clerk in Teachers' Pension Oifice, Dublin : b. 1844. 
Res., 143 Tritonville Rd., Sandymount, Dublin. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-) , Knight. Maj. SirHAMiL- 
TON John aoold-Adams,Q.C.M..Q. (l907;K.C.M.G. 
1902), CB. (Civ. 1898), late Roy. Soots (ret. 1901); 
served in Matabeleld. and Bechuanald. 1884-5 and 
1893-4, and Boer "War 1900 ; Gov. of Queensland 
since 1914, has been High Commissioner for 
Cyprus and Gov. and Com.-in-Ch. of Orange Riv. 
Col. 1907-10, previously Res. Commissr. for 
Bechuanald. Protect.: b. 1858, mar. 1911 Elsie, 
dau. of Chas. Riordon, of Montreal. Res., Govt. 
House, Brisbane. 

ADAMS (GOOLD-), Col. Henry Edward 
Fane, CB. (Mil. 1916), C.M.G. (1901), R.A., was 
a memb. of Ordn. Board ; China 190O-1 : b. i860. 
Res., Jamesbrook, Midleton, Co. Cork. 

ADAMSON, Knight. Sir Harvey Adamson, 
K.CS.I. (1910, Kt. Bach. 1906), M. A., has been 
Lieut. -Gov. of Burma, prev. Ch. Judge in Lower 
Bui-ma, Judicial Commissr. in Upper Burma and 
Lt.-Col. Rifle Vols. : b. 1854, mar. 1892 Jane 
Charlotte, dau. of Jno. Leslie. Res., 19 South- 
well Gdna., S.W. 

ADAMSON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Margaret, dau. of Andrew Hamilton), mar. i860 
Sir William A., Kt. Bach., C.M.G. (d. 1917). 
Res., Rothbui'y, 9 Avenue Rd., Highgate, N. 

ADAMSON, Lt.-Col. Charles Henry Ellison, 
CLE. (1889), LA. retd. (1896) ; Burma 1886-7, 
has been Commissr. of S. Div. of Burma : b. 
1846. i?«.. North Jesmond, N ewcastle-on-Tyne. 

ADAMSON, Col. Henry Mackenzie, CB. 
(Mil. 1916), M.B. R.A.M.C ; Expdtnv. Force, 
Burma 1887-9, Nile Expdtn. 1898: b. 1861. 

ADARE, Viscount (Irel. 1822) and Baron 
(1800) — see " Dunraven, E. of," the former title 
applied to the heir when a son. 

ADCOCK, Knight. Sir Hugh Adcock, Kt. 
Bach. (1901), C.M.G. (i897),M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.E., 
late Cons. -Gen. for Persia at Florence, was Consg. 
Phys.-in-Ch. to H.I.M. the liite Shah of Persia : 
b. 1847, widower. Res., Nymet House, Nymet, 
Rowland, Devon. 

ADDERLEY, family name of Norton Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," see also below. 

Hubert, dau. of 4th Bn. Castlemaine. 

ADDEY, William Freeme, I.S.O. (1902), 
a Staff Clk. in Solic. Dept. of Treas. : b. 1852. 
Res., 106 Drakefield Rd., Upper Tooting, S.W. 

ADDINGTON, family name of Sidmouth 
Vi.scountv, q.v. for "Hons." of the name (not 
of the following). 

ADDINGTON, Baeon. John Gellibeand 
Hubbard, 3rd Bn. {U.K.), B.A.,Capt. Bucks Batt. 


Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. 



Oxon. L.I., Europ. "War from 1916 : son of and 
" b. June 7, 1883, sue. 1915 (C). Seat, 
Addington Manor, Winslow, Bucks. 

Creation. Bn. Addington, U.K. 1887.— The 1st Bu. 
was Govenior of the Bank of England and M. P. for the 
Olty of London. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue 0/ 2nd Bn. (bros. & sists. of present) : 

Hon. Winifred Mary, now Hon. Mrs. nHlliams, 

b. 1881, mar. 1909 Capt. Berkeley C. W. IF. Res., 

Herringoton, Dorchester; 36 Ennismore Gdns. 

(Present 3kd Bn.) 
Hon. Raymond Egerton H., heir pres, toBny.,B.A., 

b. 1884. 
Hon. Francis Spencer .ff., 2nd heir, Lt. Roy, Fus., 

b. 1888. 
Hon. Ruth Mary //., b. 1896. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (uncles and aunts of 
present) : 
Hon. Alice Eliza ff., b. 1841. Res., 7 Campden Hill 

Ct., W. 
Hon. Cecil John H., formerly Lt.-Col. Gren. Gds., 

served in Egypt 1882 : b. 1846 ; widower. Re«., 

Kingsbridga Stt«ple Claydon, Bucks. 
Hon. Rose Ellen H., b. 1851. Res., 127 Sandgate Rd., 

Hon. Evelyn H., M.A., liieut. for City of London, 

has been a Dir. of Bk. of Engld., is Dir. of Metrop. 

Rly. and Commissr. of Pub. Works Loans, late a 

M.P. (0.) : b. 1852, mar. 1881 EveUne Maude 

(Hon. Mrs. Evelyn H.}, dau. of Sir Wyudham S. 

Portal, Bt., and sist. of Lady Addington. Res., 32 

Draycott PI.. S.W. 
Hon. Clemency, now Hon. Ladv Barker, b. 1856, 

mar. iB83 Maj.-Gen. Sir George B., K.C.B., q.v. 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Arthur tj. (.\my d'Esterre, dau. of the 

late Chas. H. Huntlv, C.M.G.), mar. 1881 the 

late Hon. Arthur Gellibrand H. (d. ifige). Res., 

Sehvyn Lodge, Westgate-on-Sea, Kent. 

ADDINGTON, Baron's Widow. Mary 

Adelaide, Lady A., dau. of Sir Wyndham S. 
Portal, 1st Bt., mar. 1880 2nd Bn. Addington 
(d. 1915). Ees., Addington, -with Peer. 

ADDIS, K-MiGHT. Sir Charles Stewart 
Addis, Kt. Bach. (,1913), Brit. Censor of the Bank 
of Morocco, Manager of London Branch Hong- 
1 kong and Shanghai Bank ; and a Dir. of the Brit, 
and Chinese Corporation and the Chinese Centr. 
Elwys. ; b. 1861, mar. 1894 Elizabeth Jane, dau. 
of James Mclsaac, of Saltcoats, Ayr. Res., 6a 
Primrose Hill Bd., N.W. 

ADD lSON, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Christopher 
Addi.wn,'S.C. {Gt. Br. 1916). M.D., B.S. Lond., 
F.R.C.S., M.P. for Hoxton Diy. since 1910 [L.], 
Min. of Reconstruction since 1917, prev. Min. 
of Munitions, fonnerly Parly. Sec. to Bd. of 
Educ. , Memb. Med. Research Comttee. on ruber- 
eulosis ajid formerly Lect. on Anatomy at St. 
Bart.'s Hosp., is author of several standard 
medical and other works ; son of Robt. Addison, 
b. 1869, mar. igo2. Ees., Pretty Comer, North- 
wood, Middlesex. 

ADDISON, Capt. Albert Percy, C.M.G. 
(1917), R.N., comdd. H.M.S. "Dartmouth," 
Straits of Otranto, 1917. 

ADDISON, Richard Hallowes,LS.O. (1914), 
Ch. Native Oommiasr., Natal. Res., Pieter- 

A-^EANE, Charles Robert 'Whorwood, C.B. 
(Civ 1917), Lord Lieut, of Cambs. and Chnm. of 
Cambs. and I. of Ely T.E. Assoc. : b. 1863. 
Ees., Babraham Hall, Cambridge. 

ADEANE, Hon. Mrs., dau. of 1st Bn. Stam- 

ADELAIDE, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Nutter Thomas, M.A., 4th Bp., late Rect. of 
Guisbrough, formerly Eesid. Chapl. to Abp. of 
York: b. i86g, cons. 1906; mar. 1904. Res., 
Bishop's Ct., North Adelaide, S. Australia. 

ADENEY, Arthur Edward, LS.O. (1917). 
Vice-Controller, London Postal Serv. 

ADIKA, Rajah Datoh Shi-i (of Perak), LS.O. 

ADKINS, Knight. Sir "William Ryland 
Dest AdJcins, Kt. Bach. (1911), M.P. for Middle- 
ton Div. of Lanes. (L.). and Recorder of Notting- 
ham since 1911, "Vice-CJhmn. of Northants C.C.: 
b. 1862. Ees., Milton Manor, Northampton; 
chamhs., 5 Paper Buildgs., Temple, E.C. 

ADRIAN, Alfred Douglas, C.B. (Civ. 1895), 
K.C. (1904), B.A., late Leg. Adviser to Loc. Govt. 
Bd., prev. Assist. Sec. : b. 1845. Ees., Mayfield, 
40 Elsworthy Rd., Primi-ose Hill Rd., N."W. 

ADYE, Maj.-Gen. John, C.B. (Mil. 1902), lat« 
R.A., Afghn. 1879, Egypt 1882, Soudan 1884-5 
(part as A.D.C. to Sir G. Wolseley), S. Africa 
1899-1902, Gibraltar (Assist. Mil. Sec), now a 
Comdi-. at Hqrs., prev. D.A.G. Egypt. Hqrs., 
has been in charge Administr. E. Comd. : b. 
1857. Ees., 2 Crescent Mans., Fulham Rd., S."W. 

AFFLECK, Bakonet. Sir Robert Affleck, 7th 
Bt. {Gt. Br. 1782), formerly Lieut. "W. Suffolk 
Militia: son of 6th Bt., b. 1852, sue. 1882, mar. 
1886 Julia Georgina (who obtd. a divorce 1914), 
dau. of Jno. 8. Prince. Heir pres., his bix). John 
DE Linden (b. i860; 2nd heir, next bro., Philip 
Burton, b. 1862). aub. Turf. 

AFFLECK, Knight. Sir James Obmiston 
Affleck, Kt. Bach. (1911), M.D., Cons. Phys. R. 
Infli-m. and City Hosp., Edinburgh. Ees., 38 
Heriot Row, Edinburgh. 

AFGHANISTAN, the Amie of. H.H. Sir 
Habib-Ullah Khan, G.C.B. (Hon. Civ. 1907), 
G.C.M.G. (Hon. 1896) : b. 1872. Balace, Kabul. 

AFRICA (EaUATORIAL), Bishops of— see 
" Equat. Africa" and " Uganda." 

AFSUR-see "Ind. Titles." 

AGA KHAN, The. H.H. Aga Sultan Sir 
Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan, G.C.S.I. (1911), 
G.C.I.E. (1902; K.C.I.E. 1898), Hon. LL.D., 
spu-itual head of the Khoja Commumty of "W. 
India, a dii-ect descendant of the prophet Moham- 
med, late a Memb. Counc. of "Viceroy, was granted 
title of Hiffhness 1886, and in 1916 the rank 
and status of a First Class Chief of the Bombay 
Pres., and a salute of 11 guns: b. 1875. Ees., 

AGAR, family name of Normanton Earldom, 
q.v. for "Ladies" and " Hons." Agar-Mliswaa, 
up till recently, the surname of the Clifden 
Viscounty (now Agar-Eobartes). The families 
have a common descent from Jas. Agar, of 
Gowran Castle, Kilkenny (d. 1733). 

AGHADOE, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 
AGNE"W, Baronet of Lochnaw. Sir Andrew 
NoBL Agnew, gthBt. (Scot. 1629), LL.B.,barrister- 
at-law, a D.L. and Vice-Lieut, of "Wigtownsh., 
late a M.P. (L.U.) and Capt. 1st Ayrsh. and 
Galloway Vol. ArtiU. : son of 8th Bt., b. 1850, 
sue. 1892, mar. 1889 Gertrude, dau. of the late 
Hon. (jowran C. Vernon and granddau. of 1st 
Bn. Lyveden. Heir pres., his bro. Maj. Charles 
Hamlyn a. (b. 1859; 2nd heir, latter's son Fulke 



Directory of Peerage, 


Melville Gerald Noel, b. 1900). Seat, Lochnaw 
Oastle, Stranraer, Wigbownsh. ; tnwn hnuse. 10 
Smith Sq., "Westmr., S.W. ; address, WhiteMll 
Farm, Dane End, Ware. 

AGNEW, Baronet of Great Stanhope St.- Sir 
George William Ag»ew, 2nd Bt. [tl.K. 1895), 
M.P. for W. Salford [L.), t«mp. Maj. Suttblk 
Vol. Rept., late a partner in Thos. Agnew and 
Sons, art publishers and Past-Pres. of the Print- 
sellers' Assoc. : son of 1st Bt. ; b. 1852, sue. 
1910, mar. 1878 Fanny, dau. of Jno. Stuart 
Bolton. Heir, his son John Stuart (b. 1879; 
2nd heir, latter's son, John Anthony Stuart, b. 
1914). Res.. Eougham Hall, Burv St. Edmunds; 
269 St. James's Ct., Buckingham Gt., S.W. 

AGNEW, Knight's Widow. Lady.1. (.Beatrice, 
dau. of Surg.-Gen. Fawcus, I.M.S.), mar. 1884 
Sir Wm. Fischer Agnew, Kt. Bach., formerly 
acting Judge of Calcutta High Ct. (d. 1903). 

AGNEW, Lt. -Col. Q,uentin Graham Kinnaird, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), D.S.O. (1902), a D.L. for 
Wigtownsh., latecomdg. 3rd Bn. Roy. Scots. Fus. 
(Spec. Res.), formerly Maj. Manchester Regt. ; 
Burma 1885-6 as A.D.C., Tirah 1897-8, and S. 
Africa 1899-1902, late Assist. Mil. Sec. at 
Gibraltar, is a memb. of Hon. Corps Gentn. at 
Arms: b. i86i (3rd bro. of Sir Andrew Agnew, 
Bt.). Res., Portpatrick, Wigtownsh. 

AHLTJW ALIA- see "Ind. Titles." 
AHMAD HUSSATN. Maulvi, C.S.I. (1911), 

sec. to H.H. the Nizam of Hyderabad, and Ch. 

Sec. to the Nizam's Govt. : b. "1863. 

AHMAD KHAN— see "Jonjira" and " Lo- 
bar u." 

AHSAN-DD-DIN, I.S.O. (1911), Magistr. and 
CoUeotor, Bengal : b. 1869. 

AIKINS, Knight. Sir James Albert Manning 
Aikins, Kt. Bach. (1914), a M.P. and K.C. of 
C-anada, Hon. Lt.-Col. Winnipeg Rifles, and 
Hon. Bursar Univ. of Manitoba, was for 30 yrs. 
Couns. for Can. Pac. Railway at Winnipeg : b. 
1852, mar. 1899, 2nd wife, Mary French, dau. 
of the late Hon. C. C. Colby. Res., Winnipeg. 

AIKMAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Catherine Maud, dau. of W. T. Richards, Bur- 
ton-on-Ti'ent), mar. 1916, as 2nd wife, Sir Robert 
Smith A., Kt. Bach., formerly a Judge of High 
Ct.. N.W. Prov. of India (d. 1917). Res., 74 
Oakwood Ct., Kens., W. 

AIKMAN, David Wann, CLE. (1912), Ind. 
Pub. Works Dept., is Ch. Eng., 2nd Class, 
Punjab: b. 1863. 

AILESBURY, ■ Marquess op. George 
William James Chandos BrmUnell-Bruee, 6th 
Marq. {U.K.) and a Bt., D.S.O. (1900-1), Maj. 
Middlesex Yeo., temp. A.S.Clate Roy. Wilts., 
is Hon. Lieut. R.N.R., a C.C. for Wilts. ; served 
in S. Africa 1899-1900 : son of 5th M. ; b. May 
21, 1873; sue. 1911 (C); mar. 1903 Caroline 
Sydney Anne, dau. of the late Jno. Madden and 
Lady Caroline Madden ( of 4th E. of 
Leitriml. Seat, Savernaie Forest, Marl- 
boroufrh, Wilts. 

Creations. £«7. ■■ A Bt. 1611 ; Bn. Brudanell i6a3 ; 
E. of Cardigan, 1661. Gt. Br. : Bn. Bruoe of Tottenham, 
1746 ; E. of Alleabiiry, 1776. U.K. : M. of Ailesbury, 
BrtI Bruce, and \Tbc. .Savoniake, 1811.— The and E. of 
Eigin was granted the English Barldotn of Ailesbury for 
his devotion to the two Ohoriesea. It became ertinot in 
•747 on Uie death of the 3rd Earl, but was reTived to 

his nephew, whose sou, the and Barl by tiie new creation, 
was elevated to the Marquessate. The name Bruce 
was assumed by the ist Earl of this later creation. The 
Barony of Brudenell rwas conferred upon Sir Thos. 
Brudenell, ist Bt., and late*- on his devotion to the 
RoyaJist side was rew:urded with tlie Cardigan Earl- 
dom (both he and the i3t Earl of Ailesbury had been 
fanprieoned) : the two titles came into the Ailesbury 
line under the 2nd Marq. in 1868 upon the death of the 
7th E. of Cardigan (who led the Balaclava Charge). The 
3rd Earl under the older creation had been given the 
Bruce of Tottenham Barony, and this by a special re- 
mainder passed to the above Sir Thos. Brudenell, from 
whom it eventually came back to the Ailesbury line. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (<ath) 31. : 

Earl of Cardigan, heir to Marquessate, Chandos 
Sydney Cedric B.-B., b. 1904 [znd heir, George 
Lionel Thomas B.-B., ist cous. of Marq., 
b. 1880, see under Dau. -in-law of 3rd M., below]. 
Lady Ursula Daphne B.-B.. b, 1905. 
Lady Rosemary Enid B.B.,h. 1907. 
Issue of ^th M. (sists. of present) : 

Lady Ernestine Mary Alma Georgiana, now Lady 

E. Hunt, b. 1871, mar. 1898 Harry Brady H. 
(Presknt Marqcess, b. 1873.) 

Lady (Violet Louisa) Marjory, now Lady Marjorj' 
Binnen, b. 1880, mar. 1907, as znd wife, James B. 
Res., Pampisford Hall, nr. Cambridge. 
Sist. of 4/h 31. (1st cous. of present ; granted rank 
of Marq.'s dau. 1887) : 
Lady Mabel Emily Louisa, now Lady M. Sievier, b. 
1866, mar. 1892 llobt. staJidishS. Res., HiUmorton 
Hall, Rugby ; The Grange, Epsom. 
Surviving issue of 3)-d 31. (uncle and aunt of 
present) : 
Lady Ernestine Mary, now CtSB. of Listowd, b. 1847, 

mai'. 1865 3rd Earl of L., q.v. 
Lord (Charles) Frederick B.-B., M.A., a C.C. for 
Wilts., late Capt. and Hon, Maj. Boy. Wilts. Teom. : 
b. 1840, widower. Res., 11 Gloucester Gate, Reg 
Pk., N.W. 
— Dau.-in-law : 

LadyRo]iert B.-B. (Emma, dan. of the late Capel H. 
Leigh), mar. 1878 the l:ite Com. Lord Robt. Thos. 
B.-B., b. 1845, d. 1912. Res., Stamford Lodge, 
HayUng I., Havant; 20 Beaufort Gdns., S.W. 
(mother of above 2nd heir). 

AILSA, Makquess of. Abohibaid Kennedy, 
3rd Marq. {U.K.), E. of Casaillis {Scot.); Hon. 
LL.D., a D.L. for Ayrsh., late Hoi^. Com. Clyde 
Div. Nav. Vol. Res., formerly Capt. Coldstrm. 
Gds. : son of 2nd M. ; b. Sept. 1, 1847; ™c- 1870 
{(','.) ; mar., 1st, 1871, the late Hon. Evelyn Stuai-t, 
dau. of 12th Bn. Blantyre (die died 1888) ; 2iidly, 
1^1, Isabella, dau. of the late Hugh MoMaster, 
of N.W. Provs. India Scats, Culaean Castle 
and Cassillis House. Maybole, Ayrsh. ; town res., 
65 Lancaster Gt., W. 

CREATtoNB. Scot. : Ld. Kennedy, 14^2 ; E. of Cassillis, 
1509. U.K. : Bn. Ailsa, 1806; M. of Ailsa, 1831.— The ist 
Ld. Kennedy was brother of the Biehop of St. Andrews, a 
great Scottish statesman, and was one of the six Regents 
doling the minority of James III. ; the 3rd Ld. was made 
E. of Cassfllis. The 3rd Earl was one of the four Scottish 
deputies who were poisoned in France for objectang to 
the Crown Matrimonial of Scotland being giren to the 
Dauphin on hjs marriage to M.iry Queen of Scots. The 
rath Earl obtained the U.K. Barony and Maxquessate. 


Surviving issue of present (3'rf) M. : " 


Eari, 'of CASsn.Li6 ipron. Cassels), heir to Mar- 
quessate: Archibald K., a D.L. for Ayrsh., an 
advocate, Edinburgh, Maj., retd.. 3rd Batt. Roy. 
Scots Fus. (Spec. Res.); S. Africa 1900-2 : rejoined 
on outbreak of Europ. AVar and now with ist Batt. 
at the Front : b. 1872, mar. 1903 Prances Emily, 
has Ord. of Mercy, dan. .of Sir Maii J. MacTaggart 
Stewart, ist Bt. Res.. 22 Charles St., Berkeley Sq., 


Baronetage, Knightage, <kc. 



X/ord Charles K., and heir, Capt. Ayrshire Yeo., for- 
merly Lieut. 3rd Batt. Roy, Scots Fus., served in 
S. Africa 1900-2 as Capt. Pi. of Wales's Lt. Horse : 



Lord Hugh K., Lieut. Coldstream Gds. (Sp. Ros.), late 

Lieut. Ayrshire Yeo., b. 1895. 
Lady Marjory A'., b. 1898. 
Surviving issue of 2nd M. (sists. of present) : 
(Prksent Marquess, b. 1847.) 
Lady Julia Alice, now Lajiy 

' Julia Alice, now 

1BD9 Col. Robt. W. -V 

Wm. Follett. Res., Woodside, Old Windsor. 
Lady Evelyn Anne, now Lady E. Young, b. 1851, mar. 

1885 Capt. Sir Arthur Henderson r.,G.C.M.G., q.v. 
Lady Constance Eleanor, now Lady C. Fawken, b. 

1855, mar. 1891 Ool. Lionel Grimston i?., late R.A. 

Res., The Elms, Bedhampton, Havant, Hants. 
— Daus.-in-law : 

Lady Alexander K. (Beatrice, dau. of the late Geo. 

T. Gordon, D.L., of Cuckney, Notts), mar. 1881 the 

late Lord Alexander K. (d. 1912). Res., White 

Cottage, Ascot, Berks. 
Lady John K. (Mary Adelaide, dau. of the late Col. 

Alex. Learmonth, M.P.I, mar. 1890 the late Lord 

John K. (d. 1895). Res., 9 Sloane Gt. Mans., 


AUSTGEE, Arthur Campbell, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1908), M.A., late an Assist. Master at Eton 
Coll. : b. 1841. Ees., Mustians, Eton. 

AINSLIE, Lt.-Col. Henky Sandys, C.M.G. 
(1915), Northumb. Fus., comdg. a Training Res. 
Batt.,; Expdtny. Force: b. 1869. 

AINSWORTH, Baronet. Sir John Stirling 
Ai7>sworih, 1st Bt. (U.K. 19161, V.D., M.P. for 
ArgrUshii-e [L.), Sheriff of Cumberland 1901, 
formerly comd. 8th Vol. Batt. Border Regt. ; son 
of the late Thos. Ainsworth, of The Flosh, 
Cleaton, Chimb. : b. 1844, mar. 1879 Margaret 
Catherine, dau. of Robt. Eoid Macredie, Heh; 
his son Thomas, 2nd Lt. nth Huss. (b. i885, 
mar. igii the undermentioned Lady Edna; 2nd 
heir, latter's son, John Francis, b.'igia). SKtt.t, 
Ardanaiseig, Loch Awe, Arg\ Ush. ; The Flosh, 
Cleaton, t umb. ; town res., 55 Eaton PI,, S.W. 

AINSWORTH, Lady Edina Dorotht Hope, 
dau. of 4th M. Conyngham and wife of heir to 
above Btcy. 

AINSWORTH, John, C.M.G. figoo), F.R.G.S., 
a M.E.C, E. Africa Protect., ' Pro v. Comssr. 
Nyanza, E.A.P,, late Vice-Cons, and Sub- 
Commissr. E.A.P. : b. 1864. lies., Kisumu, Brit. 
E. Africa. 

AIR, Viscount {Scot., 1622), see " Bute, M. of." 

AIRD, Baronet. Sir John A ird, 2nd Bt. ( U. K. 
1901), a Lieut, for the City of London, late Maj. 
Engr. and Rail. Staff Corps (Terr.) : son of istBt. ; 
b. 1861, sue. 1911, mar. 1886 Alicia Ellen, dau. of 
the late Jas. Hall Renton. Heir, his son John 
Kenton, Lt. Gren. Gds. ;,b. 1898; 2nd hen-, 
his next son, Joseph Maurice, b. 1904). Seat, 
Brandon Pk., Suffolk; town res., 22' Eaton Sq., 

AIRD, Knight. Sir John Aird, Kt. Bach. 
(I9i7>, Gen. Manager Canadn. Bk. of Commerce. 
Vice-Pres. Canadn. Bankers' Assoc, Dir. of 
National Trust Co., Ltd., Impl. Life Assur. Co., 
Bnt. America Assur. Co., Western Can. Flour 
Mills Co., Ltd., was formerly engaged in rly. 
work; b. 1855, mar. 1887 Eleanor La wlor, dau. of 

a't'5' Jo^^t""!- .R«6-., 39 Madison Ave., Toronto. 

AIREDALE, Baron. Albert Ernest Kitson, 
2iid Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., B.A., is an u-on and 
steel manufactuxer and a Dir. of London, City and 

Midland Bank : son of 1st Bn. : b. Oct. 7, 1863 ; 
sue. igii {L.); mar. 1890 Florence, dau. of the 
late Edward Schunck. Seats, Gledhow Hall, Leeds ; 
Cober Hill, Cloughton, Scarborough; town res., 
SCadoganSq., S.W. 

Creations. [T.^ff. ; A Bt. 1886; Bn. Airedale, 1907. The 
ist holder of both honours was a M.P. and had been 
Lord Mayor of Leeds at the time of Ciueen Victoria's 
Diamond Jubilee. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Marguerite Emily K., b. 1891. 

Hon. Florence Evelyn K., b. 1B93. 

Hon. Doris Claire K., b. 1894. 

Hon. Enid K., b. 1898. 

Hon. Violet K., b. 1900. 

Hon. Thelraa Eirene K., b. 1902. 

Hon. Angela Estelle K., b. 1905. 
Issue of 1st Ba. (bros. and sists. and half-bro. 
and half-sist. of present) : 


(Present Baron, b. 1863.) 

Hon. James Clifford K., heir pres. to Bny,,- b. 

Hon. Edward Christian R., 2nd heir, M.A., b. 1873, 

mar. 1903 Mary Katharine, dau. of Saml. Hirst 

(Hon. Mrs. Edward K.). Res., Quarry Dene, 

Weetwood, Leeds. 
Hon. Emily E.. b. 18—. Res., 23 Upper Grosvenor 

AIREDALE, Baron's Widow. (Mary) Laura 
Lady A., dau. of the late E. Fisher Smith, of 
Dudley, mar. 1881, as 2nd wife, the late 1st Bn. 
(d. 1911). Bes., Stoner House, Petersfleld, Hants. 

AIRLIE, Earl of. David Lydlph Gore 
WoLBBi.KT 0//ilvy, 9th Earl {Scot.), M.C. (1916), 
Capt. 10th Hussars, Europ. War from 1914, was a 
Page to H.M. at his Coronation : son of 8th E. ; 
b. July 18, 1893; sue. igoo; mar. 1917 Lady 
Alexandra Mary Bridget Coke, dau. of 3rd Earl 
of Leicester. Seats, Airlie Cas-tle, Forfarsh., and 
Tulchan Lodge, Glenisla, Perthsh., both Alyth; 
Coi-tachy Castle, Kin-iemuir, Forfarsh. ; Auchter- 
house, Dundee. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Ogilvyof Airlie, 1491 ; E. of Air- 
lie and Ld. Ogilvy of Alyth and Lijitrathen, 1639. " Ld. 
Ogiivy " is the courtesy-title of an eldest son.— The 
ist Lord Ogilvy was .Embassador to Denmark ; hifi .enrand- 
father had been High Treasurer of Scotland. The 7th 
Lord was created Earl. The history of this line is 
involved in two Acts of Attainder which have given 
rise to confusion among authorities as to the number 
who are fairly to be classed as Earls. We have followed 
' Burke ' and ' Foster ' (' Lodge ') in regarding the present 
Peer as the 9th, but some term him the nth or 12th, 
'Debrett' the 7th. The earlier of the two attainders 
cancelled the title of the elder sOn of the 3rd K., the 
latter that of the elder son and grandson of the 4th : 
indeed this 4th E. himself, and his younger son whom 
we accept as the sth, were considered during their 
lifetime as also legally excluded, and tliis certainly giros 
warrant to their omission by ' Debrett,' but the sub- 
sequent Parliamentary recognition of the fith E., their 
immediate descendant, seems to have been regarded as 
tacitly removing their own disabilities. The former of 
the two attainders, it may be added, was in consequence 
of participation in the Earl of Mar's rebellion of 1715, 
the latter for siding with the Pretender at CuUoden. 
Titled Relatives. 
Issue of Sth E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Lady Kitty Edith Blanche, now Lady K. Vincent, 
h. 1887, mar. 1906 Lt.-Col. Berkeley V., C.M.G., q.v. 

I40 AIR 

Directory of Peerage, 


Lady Helen Alice Wyllington, now Lady Helen 
Freeman- Mitford : b. 1890, mar. 1909 the late Maj. 
Hon. Clement F.-M., D.S.O., killed in action, 1915, 
son of ist Bn. Redesdale. 

Lady Mabell Griselda Esther Sudley 0., b. 189a. 

(Present Earl, b. 1893.) 

Hon. Bruce Arthur Ashley 0., heir pres. to Earl- 
dom, 2nd Lieut. 12th Lancers : b. 1895. (zud heir, 
hie uncle Hon. Lyulph.) 

The deceased Hon. Patrick Julian Harry Stanley 0., 

M.C., Capt. Ir. Gds. : b. 1896, killed in action 1917- 

Surviving ifisue of "jth E. (uncle and aunts of 

Lady Henrietta Blanche, now Lady Blanche Hosier, 

see " Hozier, Kt.'s Wid." 
Lady Clementine Gertrude Helen, now The Dowager 

Lady Redesdale, b. 1854, mar. 1874 the late AIr. 

B. Freeman- Mitford, .aftds. ist Bn. Redesdale (d. 

i9io),q.v., widow. 
Lady Maude Josepha, now Lady M. Whyte, b. 1859, 

mar. 1886 the late Theodore W. (d. 1903). Res., 

10 Lisgar Terr., W Kens., W. 
Hon. Lyulph GUchrist Stanley 0., D.S.O. (1900-1), 

Lieut A.S.C.. late Lieut. Scot. Horse (Terr.), was 

with Capt. Brabant's Horse in S. Africa (1900-1), has 

been an agriculturist in Western America : b. 

1861, widower. Res., Denver, Colorado. 
Lady Griselda J ohanna Helen, now Lady G. Gheape, 

b. 1865, mar. 1897 James C, Res., Strathtyrmn, 

St. Andrews, Pifesh. 

AIRLIE, Earls' "Widows. (i) Dowager 
Countess op A., nee Hon. Henrietta Blanche 
Stanlei/, dau. of and Bn. Stanley of Alderley, 
b. 1830, mar. 1851 7th E. of Aiiiie (d. 1881). 
Res., Airlie Castle, Forfarsh., Alyth ; 6 York 
Terr., Begent's Pk., N.W. — (2) Countess op A., 
nee Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth Gore, dau. of 
5th E. of Arran, is a Lady of the Bedchamber to 
H.M. Queen Mary : b. 1866, mar. 1886 8th E. of 
Airlie (killed at Diamond Hill, S. Africa, 1900). 
lies., Cortachy Castle, as above, and 29 Grosvenor 
Place, S.W. 

AITCHISON, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
(Beatrice Lyell, dau. of the late Jas. Cox), 
mar. 1863 Sir Chas. U. Aitchison, K.C.S.I. (d. 
1896). Res., St. Christopher's, 104 Banbury Ed., 

AITCHISON, Gen. Charles Tebrington, C.B. 
(Mil. 1875), LA. retd. (1889) ; S. Maliratta 
country 1844-5, Persia, and Mutiny, comd. Bom- 
bay Dist. 1877-82 : b. 1825. Mes., 14 EedclifEe 
Gdns., S.W. 

AITHEIE, Viscount {Scot. 1703)— see "Lin- 
lithgow, M. of." 

AJTKEN, family name of Beavebbrook Bny., 
q.v. for " Hons." 

AITKEN, George Atherton, C.B. (Civ. 1917), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1911), an Assist. Sec, Home 
Office(Chmn. Juvenile Organisation Cmttee.) , has 
served on various committees and was Priv. Sec. 
to Perm. Under Sec. (Sir Kenelm Digby) 1896- 
1901, is an authoi'ity on 18th century literature : 
b. i860. lies., 21 Church Row, Hampstead, N. W_ 

AITKEN, John Hobson, I.S.O. (1916), late Ch. 
Clk. to the Govt. Office, L of Man. 

AITAR — see " Subbaiyar." 

Ran.jor Singh, Ba/iiTrfur, K.C.I.E. (1897), a Ruling 
Chief: b. 1852. Bes., Ajaigarh, Bundelkhand, 
Upper India. 

AKHUNDZADA-see "Ind. Titles." 
ALABASTER, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
(Laura Abbie, dau. of Dr. D.J. Macgowan, of New 
York), mar. i875SirChalonerAlabaster,K.C.M.G., 

Cons.-Gen. at Canton (d. 1898). Ees., Dilaram, 
Boscombe, Bournemouth. 

ALBANY, Duke of— see Royal Family. 

ALBEMARLE, Earl of. Arnold Allan 
Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl {Eng.), K.C.V.O. (1909), 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), V.D., an A.D.C. to the 
King, a D.L. for Norfolk, served in S. Africa 1900 
in comd. of Inf. Batt. C.I.V. (Dispatches), Hon. 
Col. 5th Batt. Norfolk Regt. Terr., was also 
Lt.-Col. comdg. and Hon. Col. Civ. Serv. "Vol. 
Rifles, now Staff Ofli-. for "Vol. Servs. (unp.) as 
Cul. in Army, a M.P. 1892-4 (as Vise. Bury) : 
son of 7th E. ; b. June 1, 1858; sue. 1894 (C.) ; 
mar. 1881 Hon. Gertrude Lucia Egerton, dau. of 
the late 2nd Bn. (aftds. 1st and only Earl) 
Egerton of Tatton. Seat, Guidenham Park, 
Attleborough, Norfolk; town res., 39 Belgrave 
Sq., S."W. 

Creation. E. of Albemarle, Vise. Bm-y, and Bn. 
Ashford, £?i0. 1697.— The ist Earl, Arnold Van Keppel, 
was a member of the nobility of Holland who had 
accompanied William of Orange to England. The title 
Albemarle is from Normandy. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (8th) E. : 

Vise. Bury (pron. Bewry), heir to Earldom : Walter 

lu-tr., was 2nd in Command Hood Batt. R. Nav. 
Bgde. at fall of Antwerp ; has been A.D.C. to Sir 
H. J. Goold-Adams in Orange Riv. Col., Earl 
Grey in Canada, and to Earl of Minto in India ; 
b. 1682, mar. 1909 Lady Judith Sydney Myee 
Wynn-Carrington, dau. of ist Marq. of Lincoln- 
shire, K.G. Res., 1 Eaton PI., S.W. 
Issue: Hon. Cecilia Elizabeth K., b. 1910. 

Hon. Derek William Charles A'., and heir, 

b. 1911. 
Hon. Walter Arnold Crispian K., b. 1914. 

Hon. Arnold Joost William K., temp. Lieut, and 
Assist. Instr. of Aerial Gunnery Roy. Plying 
Corps, Europ. War 1914-S, France from 1916, has 
been Hon. AttachiS at Brit. Legat. Teheran, b. 1884. 

Hon. Rupert Oswald Derek it., Oapt. Coldstrm. 
Gds. , Europ. War 1914-5. b. i886. 

Lady Elizabeth Mary Gertrude E., V.A.D. in France 
from 1914, b. 1890. 

The deceased Hon. Albert Edward George Arnold K., 
and Lieut. Rif. Bgde., b. 1868, killed in action 1917. 

Surviving issue of ftli E, (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Earl, b. 1858.) 
Lady Theodora, now Lady T. Davidson, b. 1862, mar. 

1887 the lateCoL W. Leslie D., C.B., R.A., died on 

active service 191S. Res., s St. George's Sq., S.W. 
Hon. Sir Derek William George A'., G.C.V.O., b. 

1863. See " Keppel, Kt. (z)." 
Lady Hilda Mary K., b. 1864. Res., 53 Lowndes Sq., 

S.W., with Dow. Cf^s. 
Hon. George K., M.V.O. (4th Class, 1909), Maj. R.A. 

(Bes.l, is temp. Lt.-Col. High. L.l. ('Perr.), late 

Lieut. Gordon H'ldrs and Capt. Norfolk R.F. 

Res. Art.: b. 1865, mar. 1891 AUc. Frederica, dau. 

of the late Adm. Sir Wra. Edmonstone, 4th Bt. 

(Hon. Mrs. George K.). Res., 16 Grosvenor St., W. 
Lady Leopoldina Olivia E., a nun of the Sacred 

Heart, b. 1866. 
Lady Susan Mary, now Lady S. Townley, b. 1868, mar. 

1896 Sir Walter Beaupr^ T., K.C.M.G., 

AttacliJ at Rome, gt. grandson of 8th E. of Cork. 
Dau. of 6th E. (aunt of present): 

Lady Louisa, now Lady L. ChaHeris, b. 1836, mar. 

(1911), M.A., Ind. Civ. Serv., Dewan of Cochin: 
b. 1871. Hes., Trichur, Cochin, India. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

ALE 141 

ALBU, B^KONBT. Sir George Allu, 1st Bt. 
(U.K., 1912), Chmn. and Man. Dii-., Gen. Mining 
and Finance Corp., Ltd., of Johannesburg: b. 
(in Berlin), 1857; mar 1888 Gertrude Friederike 
Alice, dau. of Max RosendorfP. Heir, his son 
Walter George (b. 1892 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
Geo. Werner, b. 1905). Res., 6 Grosvenor PL, 
S.W. ; The Turrets, Johannesburg. 

ALCOCK, Lt.-Col. Alfred William, CLE. 
(1903), M.B., LL.D., F.R.S.. F.G.S., LM.S. retd. 
(1908), has been Supt. of Indian Museum, and 
Prof, of Zoology in Med. Coll., Calcutta: b. 1859. 
Bes., Heathlands, Belvedere, Kent. 

ALCOCK, Hon. Mrs. Nelson, dau. of 1st Bn. 
St. Levan. 

ALCOCK, Walter Galmn, M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1917; 5th, 1911), Mus.Doc, Organist and Com- 
poser, Salisbury Cath., prev. Chapels Royal, 
officiated at last two coronations : b. 1861. lies., 
11 The Crescent, Sui-biton, Surrey. 
ALDENBURG, Count— see "Bentinck." 
ALDENHAM, Baron. Alban George Henry 
aihhs, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), M.A., F.S.A.. a partner in 
Antony Gibbs and Sons, bankers and merchants, 
and a Dir. of the Bank of Australasia and of the 
Guai'dian Assurance Co. ; a Lieut, for City of 
London, a M.P. 1892-1906 : son of 1st Bn. ; 
b. April 23, 1846 ; sue. 1907 (C.) ; mar. 1873 the 
late Bridget (d. 1896), dau. of the late Rt. Hon. 
Alex. J. B. Beresford-Hope. Seat, Aldenham 
House, Elstree, Herts. ; res.. The Manor House, 
Clifton-Hampden, Oxon., nr. Abingdon ; 37 Port- 
land PL, W. 

Cee/ition. Bn. Aldenham, U.K. 1896.— The late ist 
Baron was a director of tlie Bank of England (once 
Governor), a Member of Parliament and of the House of 

Titled RELATrvES. 
Issue J present {2nd) Bn. ; 

Hon. Catherine Louisa (?., b. 1875. 
Hon. Mildred Dorothea G., b. 1876. 
Hon. Gerald Hbnuy Beresfoud G., heir to Barony, 
B.A., a partner in Antony Gibbs and Sons, as 
above : b. 1879, mar. 1905 Lillie Caroline, dau. of the 
Rev. Wm. T. Houldsworth (Hon. Mrs. Gibbs}. 
Res., 41 Connaught Sq. W. (and heir, Bn.'s bro. 
Hon. Vicary.) 
Surviving issue oj \st Bn. (bros. and sist. of 

1848. Res., la Urp. 

(Present Baron, b. 1846.) 

Hon. Edith CaroUue G 

Eelgrave St., S.W. 

is editor of new edition of "The Complete Peer 
age"; b. 1853. Kes., ITpp. Bclg. St., with preceding. 
Hon. Herbert Cokayne (?., M.A., High Sheriff of 
Herts 1913, also a partner in above firm, Dep.- 
Chnm. of Pub. Works Loans Commssn., and a 
Commissr. of Inc. Tax : b. 1854, mar. 1885 Anna 
Maria, dau. of the late Richd. Durant (Hun. 
Mrs. Herbert G.). Res., Briggens, Roydon, Ware; 
9 Portman Sq., W. 
Yen. the Hon. Kenneth Francis G., M.A., F.S.A., 
Archdn. of St. Albans, a 4th CI. Chapl. to Terr. 
F. with rank of Capt. : b. 1856, mar. 1894 Mabel 
Alice, dau. of Chas. E. Bamett (Hon. Mrs. 
Kenneth G.). Res., The Old Rectory, Hatfield, 
Dau.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. Henry 6. (Alice Mary, dau. of the late 

Gen. Chas. Crutchleyl, mar. 1887 the late Hon. 

Henry Lloyd G. (d. 1907, the day after his father). 

Res., 10 Lennox Gdns., S.W. 

ALDER:MAN, Lt.-Col. Walter William, 

C.M.G. (1916), Auckland Batt., New Zd. Imp. 


ALDERNEY, Visct.— see "Milford Haven, 

ALDERSON, Knight. Lieut.-Gen. Sir Edwin 
Walter Alfred Heiivey Alderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 
19161, temp, an Insp. of Infy., Comdg. Canadian 
Div. Expedn. Force, formerly Roy. W. Kent Regt., 
Transvaal 1881, Egypt, Soudan 1884-5. Mashonald., 
S. Africa 1899-1901, late an A.D.C. to H.M., 
aftds. comdg. Poona Div. : b. 1859, mar. 1886 
Alice Mai-y, dau. of Rev. O. P. Sergeant. Club, 

ALDRICH, Adm. Pelham, C.V.O. (1902). 
R.N. retd. (1908), sei-ved in 'Challenger' and 
' Jilert,' and has been Adm. Supt. at Portsmth. 
Dockyd.: b. 1844. Ees., The Croft, Gt. Bealings, 
Woodbridge, Suffk. 

ALDRIDGE, Lt.-Col. (Actg. Col.) Arthur 
Russell, C.S.L (1911). C.M.G. (1917), M.B., 
R.A.M.C., ret. 1914, is attd. to Hqrs., has been 
Sanit. Off., Army Hqrs., India, and an Instr. at 
R.A.M.C. School ; Tibet, 1903-4 : b. 1864. Club, 
Jun. U. Serv. 

ALD WORTH, Lady Mart Catherine Henri- 
etta, dau. of 3rd E. of Bandon. 

ALEXANDER, f amUy name of Caledon Earl- 
dom, q.v. for '■Hons.," alsoof Cobham Barony for 
Hon. Robert ; and see below (and for Lady Emily). 
ALEXANDER, Barontst of Ballochmyle. Sir 
Claud Alexand^-, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1886), B.A., 
formerly Lieut. 3rd Batt. Roy. Sc(3ts Fus. (Mil.) : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1867, sue. 1899, mar. 1896, 2nd 
wife (having (iivorced 1st, the late Lady Diana 
Montgomerie) , Rachel Belasyse, dau. of Rev. Hy. 
Holden, D.D. Hew, his son Wilfred Archibald 
(b. 1892 ; 2nd heir, next son, Claud, b. 1897). 
Smis. Ballochmyle, Mauohline, Ayrsh.; Faygate 
Wood, Hoishajn, Sussex. 

ALEXANDER, Baronet's Widow of BaUocJi- 
viyle. Dowager Lady A. (Eliza, dau. of the late 
Alex. Speirs), mar. 1803 Maj.-Gen. Sir Claud 
Alexander, 1st Bt. (d. 1899) Bes., Ballochmyle, 
as above ; 24 Old Queen St., Westmr., S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Babonet of Dublin. Sir Lionel 
Cecil William Alexander, 6th Bt. (U.K. 1809), 
D.S.O. (1916), Capt., temp. Maj., 23id Bn. Co. of 
London Regt. (Terr.), late Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son 
of 5th Bt., b. 1885, sue. 1896, mar. 1908 Nourouz 
Weston, dau. of Sir Ernest Cable. Heir, his son, 
Desmond William Lionel (b. 1910 ; 2nd heir, a 
cousin, gt. grandson of 1st Bt., Robert Godfrey 
A., b. 1894). Bes., The Cottage, Woburn Pk., 
Addlestone, Surrey. 

*,* The Earls of Caledon are a branch of this house. 
ALEXANDER, Baronets' Widows of Dublin . 
-(i) Kathleen, Lady A. (Mary Kathleen, dau. 
of Rev. Jno. Dreaper), mar. 1877, as 2nd wife. 
Sir Jno. W. Alecxander, 4th Bt. (d. 1888).— (2) 
Lady A.remrrd. (Edith, dau. of the late Geo. F. H. 
La Fargue), mar., ist, 1884, Sir Wm. Fei'd. 
Alexander, 5th Bt. (d. 1896) ; 2ndly, 1897, Rev. 
Fredk. W. Thurlow— retaining title. Bes., 6 
Morpeth Mansus., Westmr., S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Knight.^ Sir Georgb Alex- 
ander, Kt. Bach. (1911), Hon. LL.D., late L.C.C., 
actor-manager of the St. James's Theatre, Pres. of 
R. Gen. Theatrical Fimd, and Vice-Pres. of Actors' 
Benevolent Fund and of Soc. of West-End Theatre 
Managers. Chmn. Theatres Mut. Ins. Co., has 
Order of Jlercy, a Pres. of the League : b. 1858, 
mar. Florence Theleur. if' s., Littlecourt, Choiiey 
Wood, Herts ; 57 Pont St., S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Viscount, courtesy-title of j 
heir to the Caledon Earldom when a son (subst. ! 
for "Vise. Caledon"). i 



Directory of Peerage, 


ALEXANDER, Hon. Mis. Charles, dau. of 
ist Bn. Cottesloe. 

ALEXANDER, Maj. Dudley Henet, C.M.G. 
(1904), a Gen. StaflF Off. 3rd Grade at "W. Office ; 
W. Yorks. Regt. retd., was Priv. Sec. to the E. 
of Ranfurly -when Gov. of New Zealand : b. 1863. 
iZe«.,6 St. James's PI., S.W. 

ALEXANDER, Maj. -Gen. Ebnest Weight, 
C.M.G. (1915), Far (1915), R.A. ; Expdtny. Force : 
b. 1870. 

ALEXANDER, Lady Emily Harriet Cathe- 
EiNE, dau. of 9th E. of Cork and Orrery. 

ALEXANDER, Lt.-Col. Maurice, C.M.G. 
(1917), Canadn. Local Free., late Asst. Judge 

ALEXANDER, "William, CLE. (1917), Traffic 
Dept. Gt. Ind. Penin. Elwy., Wadi Bunder, 

ALFORD, Knight's Widow (remrrc?.)- Lady 
A. (Jane Eliza Helen Nathalie, dau. of the late 
Lt.-Col. Jno. Shand), mar., 1st, i886, Sir Edwd. 
Fleet Alford (d. 1905), son of the late Bp. Alford 
of Hong Kong ; 2ndly, 1906, Edwd. R. Burdon, 
son of Rt. Rev. Bp. Burdon -retaining title 
by courtesy. Res., Ikenhilde, Royston, Herts. 

ALFORD, Viscount {TT.K. 1815), a title of the 
Brownlow Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

ALGOMA, Archbishop of. Most Rev. George 
Thorneloe, D.C.L., Abp. of Prov. of Ontario and 
Metropolitan, Canon of Quebec 1888-96 : b. 1848, 
mar. 1874, cons. 1897, Abp. 1915. Res., Sault Ste. 
Marie, Ontario. 

ALI— see " Ghulam." 

ALI BEG— see " Muhammad." 

ALI HUSAIN, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1911), Lieut. 
2nd Inf. Gwalior Contingent. 

ALI IMAM, Stbd Bon. Sir, K.C.S.I. (1914), 
barrister-at-law, a Puisne Judge Patna High 
Ct. from 1917, has been legal memb. of the 
Counc. of Gov. -Gen. of India : b. i86g, widower. 

ALI KHAN, Asaf, CLE. (1901), Lieut. 
Maler Kolla Sappers, served in Cliina 1900. 

ALI RAJA— see "Ind. Titles." 

ALIJAH -see "Ind. Titles." 

ALINGTON [pron. Ml-). Baron. Humphrey 
Napier Sturt, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), K.C.V.O. (1909), 
a D.L. for Dorset, a M.P. 1891-1904, formerly 
lieut. Dorset Yeom. : son of 1st Bn. ; b. 
Aug. 20, 1859; sue. 1904 (n.) ; mar. 1883 Lady 
Feodorowna YorTte, Order of Meroy, dau. of 5th 
E. of Hajdwicke. Seat, Crichel, Wimbome, 
Dorset; town res., 38 Portman 8q., W. 

Obeation. Bn. Alington, U.K. 1876 (revival of a 
former Peerage— /reJ. 1642-1723. Jing. 1682-91). 

Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue of present (2nd) Bn.: 

Hon. Diana Isabel, now Hon. Mrs. Brougham, b. 

X884, mar. 1908 Hon. Hem-y B., son and heir of 

Bn. Brougham and Vaux. 

Hon. Gerard Philip Montagu Napiek S., heir 

to Barony, Capt. Coldstr. Gds., Europ. War 1914, 

Hon. Napier George Henry S., 2nd heir, Flight 

Lt. R.N.A.S,, b. 1896. 
Hon, Lois ,S., b. 1900. 
Surviving dau. of isf. Bn. (sist. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1859.) 

Hon. Mildred Cecilia Harriet, now Hon. Lady 
Meux, b. 1869, mar., ist, 1892, the late Vise. Chelsea 
(d. 1908), 2nd son of sth Earl Caiiogan ; zndly, 1910, 
Adm. the Hon. Sir Hedworth Meux, q.v. 

ALINGTON, Baron's Widow. Evelyn Lady 
A. (Evelyn Henrietta, dau. of the late Hy. 
Blundell Leigh), a memb. of League of Mercy, 
mai'. 1892, as 2nd wife, 1st Bn. Alington (d. 1904). 
Bes., 41 Poitland PL, W. 

ALINGTON, Hon. Mrs. Cyril, dau. of 4th Bn. 
Lyttelton, see " Visct. Cobham." 

ALIPURA, Jagirdae of, C.S.I. (1887), Rao 
Ohhatrapati, a Ruling Chief, but with personal 
title : b. 1853. Res., Alipura, Bundelkand. 

ALISON, Baronet. Capt. Sir Archibald 
Alison, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 1852), late 5th Batt. Rifle 
Brigade (Mil., prev. Lieut. 1st Batt.), was Colon. 
Sec. in Bermuda 1888-1900 : son of 2nd Bt., b. 
1862, sue. 1907, mar. 1888 Georgina, dau. of the 
late J. Bond Cabbell. Beir, his son Lieut. Archi- 
bald, R.N. (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, next surviving son, 
Lieut. Frederick Black A., R.N., b. 1893). Res., 
Possil House, Copse Hill, Wimbledon, S.W. 

ALLAN, Knight. Sir (Hugh) Montagu Allan, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), C.V.O. (1907), Pres. of the 
Merchants Bank of Canada and the Acadia Coal 
Co., Ltd., a Dir. of the Dominion Steel 
Corporation, Ltd. : b. i860, mar. 1893 Marguerite 
Ethel, dau. of the late Hector Mackenzie, of Mon- 
treal ; in 1878 changed 2nd christn. name from 
Andrew to Montagu. Res., Ravenscrag, Mon- 
treal ; Montrose, Cacouna, (Quebec. 

ALLAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Jane, 
dau. of Walter Beattie) , mar. 1870 Sir Wm. Allan, 
Kt. Bach., M.P. (d. 1903).. Res., Scotland House, 

ALLAN (HA VELOCK-), Baronet. Sir Henry 
Sphncer Moreton Bavelock- Allan, 2nd Bt. ( U.K. 
1^), M.P. (L.) for Bishop Auckland, a D.L. for 
Durham and N. Rid., Maj. (temp.)attd. toHqrs., 
late Berv. Bn. Lanes. Fus., prev. 4th Batt. Durham 
L.I. (Spec. Res.) : sonof 1st Bt., b. 1872, sue. 1897, 
mar. 1903 Edith, dau. of the late T. C. J. Sowerby. 
Bcir pres., leas, bro. Allan (b. 1874 ; 2nd heir,latter's 
son Henry Ralph Moreton, b. 1899). Seat, Black- 
well Grange, Darlington. 

*** The renowned Maj. -Gen. Sir Henry Havelock, 
K.C.B.— who, in conjunction with Gen. SirChas. Outram, 
effected the first relief of Lucknow and then held it 
under unparalleled difficulties until himself relieved by 
fflr Colin Campbell— was designated for a Baronet, but 
died before the patent was completed. The honour was 
consequently awarded to his son (see next art.), who 
assumed the additional name of Allan. 

ALLAN (HAVELOCK-), Baronet's Widow. 
Lady Alice B.-A., nee Moreton, dau. of 2nd E. 
of Ducie, b. 1843, mar. 1865 Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry 
M. Havelock- Allan, 1st Bt.. G.C.B., Y€, M.P., 
killed by the Afridis, 1897. Res., 8 Hertford 
St., W. 

ALLANSON, Maj. (temp. Lt.-Col.) Cecil John 
Lyons, CLE., (1916), D.S.O (1915). I-A.; a 
G.S.O., 1st Grade, formerly A.D.C to Lt.-Gov., 
Bengal and Mil. Sec. to Gov. Madi'as ; Expdtny. 
Force: b 1877. 

ALLANSON and WINN, Babon (/reZ. 1797)— 
see "Headley, Bn." 

ALLARDYCE, Knight. Sir William 
Lamond Allardye, K.C.M.G. (1916), Gov. of 
Bahamas since 1915, a Kt. of Grace St. John of 
Jei-us. , has been Receiver Gen, and Assist. Colon. 
Sec. of Fiji, Actg. Gov. and Actg. High Commr. 
for Western Pacific, Gov., Com.-in-Ch., and Ch. 
Justice of the Falkland Is., sonof late Col. James 
Allardyce, LL.D. : b. 1861, mar. 1895 Constance 
Angel, a Lady of Grace of St. Jolm of Jems., 
dau. of late Molesworth Richd. Greene. Res., 
Govt. House, Nassau, Bahamas. 


Baronetage, Knightage, (kc. 



RiOHAED, C.B. (MU. 1904), H.A. ; Afghn. 1879-80, 
Soudan, and S. Africa 1899-1903 ; comdg. a High- 
land Div. late Nowshera Bgde., prev. Orange Riv. 
Col. Dist. : b. 1855. Res., Logan, Old Cumnock, 

ALLBUTT, Knight. Prof. Sir (Thomas) 
Cumo-RuAllbutt, K.C.B. (Civ. 1907), M.A., M.D., 
Hon. LL.U. and D.Sc, F.R.S., F.R.C.P., F.S.A., 
F.L.S., Eegius Prof, of Physio at Cambridge and 
Consg. Phys. to various Hosps. , Pres. Brit. Med. 
Assoc. 1916 and 1917, a D.L. for W. Bid., and 
Hon. Col. E.A.M.C, was a Comniiser. in Lunacy 
1889-92 : b. 1836, mar. 1869 Susan, dau.of the late 
Thos. England. Res., St. Radegund's, Cambridge. 

ALLCHLN, Knight's "Widovt. Ladt A. 
(Margaret, dau. of Alex. Holland, of New York), 
mar. 1880 Sir William Hy. AUchin, M.D. (d. 
1912). .Ees., Nut Tree Hall, Plaxtol, Sevenoaks ; 
5 Chandos St., Cavendish Sq., "W. 

ALLCHIN, TnoiiAS,LS.O. (1908), over 40 years 
in Charity Commssn., ret. 1908 as an Assist. 
Commissr. : b. 1848. i?es., Westcott, Falmouth. 

ALLEN, Knight (1). Col. Sir Charles Allen, 
Kt. Bach. (1908), Y.D., Chmn. of Ebbw Vale 
Co., Chmn. of H. Bessemer & Co., and Vice 
Pres. of Sheffield and Hallamshire Bank, T.F. 
Res., has comd. 3rd Brig. W. Rid., and 5th 
London Brig. R.F.A. (Ten-.) : b. 1852. Res., 
Bents Green. Ecclesall, Sheffield; 100, Savoy 
Ct., Strand, W.C. 

ALLEN, Knight (2). Sir Haert Brookes 
Allen, Kt. Bach. (1914), M.D., LL.D., Prof, of 
Pathology and Dean of Facidty of Med., Mel- 
bourne Univ. ; has been Pres. of Australasian 
Med. Congress and of Roy. Commissn. on Sani- 
tary State of Melbourne : b. 1854, mar. 1891, Ada, 
dau. of the late Henry Mason, of Liverpool. 
Res.. Melbourne University. 

ALLEN, Knight (3). ■ Col. Hon. Sir Jaues 
Allen, K C.B. (Civ. 1917), M.A., Min. of Defence, 
N. Zeald. : b. 1855, mar. 1877 Mary Hill Richards, 
of Somerset. Res., Wellington, N.Z. 

ALLEN, Knights' Widows.— (1) Lady A. 
(Margaret, dau. of the late Robert Watson 
Mactaggait), mar. 1893 Sir Chas. Geo. Hillersden 
Allen, Kt. Bach. I.C.S. (d. 1910). Res., no 
Oakwood Ct., W. — (2) Lady A. (Maud, dau. of 
the late Rev. J. Fisher Turner), mar. 1876 Sir 
Geo. Wm. Alien. K.C.LE. (d. 19QO). Res., Free 
Chase, Hay ward's Heath, Sussex ; 6, Upper 

ALLEN. Priv. Codnc. Rt. Hon. Charles 
Peter Allen, P.C. {Gt. Br. 1912), M.A., M.P. for 
Stroud (L.), a D.L. for Glos., late a Chtirity 
Commissr., barrister-at-law ; Capt. and Hon. 
Maj. T.F. Res., late Maj. 5th Vol. Batt. Glos. 
Regt. : b. i85i, mar. 1890. Res., Polehill, 
Harrietsham, Maidstone ; 37 GrosvenorPl., S.W. 

ALLEN, Brig.-Gen. Alfred James Whitacre, 
C.B. (Mil 1908), late the Bulfs; S. Africa 1879, 
Soudan 1884-5, Tirah 1897, now a Comdr. at 
Hqrs. (as temp. Br. -Gen ) late comdg. 74th IJnf. 
Brig., formerly Ti'oops in Ceylon : b. 1857. Res., 
Bearstead, Kent. 

ALLEN, Ben.tamin,LS.O. (1903), late Chief Clk. 
Public Works Loan Board : b. 1845. ^«s., The 
Lees, Sidcup, Kent. 

ALLEN, Flt.-Paymr. Bertram Cowles, 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1912), R.N., S. Africa, 1899- 
1900 (spec, prom.): b. 1875. 

ALLEN, Lt.-CoL Edward, C.M.G. (1916), 
Roy. Ir. Rif., retd., late an A.A. and Q.M.G. ; 
Expdtny. Force, S. Africa 1899-1902; b. 1859. 

ALLEN, George Thomas, C.M.G. (1913). LS.O. 
(1903), Sec. to Treas. Dept., and Commissr. of 
Pensions, Commonwealth of Australia : b. 1852. 
Res., Harrold, Selborne Rd., Kew, Melbourne. 

ALLEN, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of the late 
Bn. Hood of Avalon. 

ALLEN, Lt.-Col. Hugh Morris, C.M.G. (1916), 
D.S.O. (1908), I.A., ret. 1913, now T.F. Res. and 
attd. to Hqrs., late comdg. 7th Bn. The Black 
Watch (Terr.) ; N.W. Front. 1897-8, Waziristan, 
Zakka Khel 1908, has been a D.A.A.G. : b. 1867. 
ALLEN, Capt. John Derwknt, C.B. (Mil. 1915), 
R.N., comdd. H.M.8. K-nt, Falkland Islds. 

ALLEN, Lt.-Col. John Wooley, C.M.G. (1916), 
L'pool Regt. (Sp. Res.) ; S. Africa 1901-2, Europ. 
War ; a barrister-at-law : b. 1865 l,son of the late 
Sir Wigram A., K. C.M.G.). 

ALLEN, Raymond Cecil, C.M.G. (1917). Dir- 
of Surveys and Land Oflrs., Uganda. 

ALLENBY, Knight. Gen. Sir Edmund Henry 
Hynman Allenby, K.C.B. (Mil. 1915) ; G.O. 
Comdg. -in-Ch. in Egypt, prev. 3rd Army Corps in 
France, Col. 5th Lancers; Bechuanald. 1884-5, 
Ziiluland 1888, S. Africa 1899-1902, and Palestine 
1917, formerly Insp.-Gen. of Cav. : b. 1861, mar. 
1896 Adelaide Mabel, dau. of the late Horace E. 
Chapman. Res., 107 Onslow Sq., S.W. 

ALLENBY, Rear-Adm. Reginald Arthur, 
M.V.O. (4th Qass. 1904). R.N.,retd. 1915; Egypt 
1882, late Naval Attache for Geimany, Holland, 
and Denmark : b. 1861. Club, V. Serv. 

ALLENDALE, Baron's Widow. Edith, 
Lady A. (Edith Althea, dau. of the late Maj.- 
Gen. Hy. M. Hamilton, C.B., and widow of Col. 
Sir Geo. P. Colley, K.C.S.L), mar. 1891, 2nd 
wife to 2ndhusb., 1st Bn. AUendale (d. 1907). 
Res., 32 Queen Anne's Gt., Westmr., S.W. 

ALLENDALE, Viscount. Wentworth 
Canning Blackett Beaumont, 1st Vise. (U.K.), 
P.C. [Gt. Br. 1907), M. A., late a Lord in Waiting 
to H.M., has been Vice-Chambn. of the Household 
to King Edward, and Capt. of Yeom. of the Gd., 
Hon. Maj. retd. Yorks. Hussars, Imper. Yeom. ; a 
D.L. for Northumbd. and Chmn. of its Territ. Force 
Assoc, a M.P. 1895-1907 : son of 1st Bn. ; b. 
Dec. 2, i860 ; sue. as 2nd Bn. 1907 ; cr. Vise. 1911 
(Z/.);mar. 1889 Lady Alexandrina Louisa Maud 
Vane-Tempest., dau. of 5th M. of Landonderry. 
Seats, Bretton Pk., Wakefield ; Bywell HaD, 
Stocksfield, Northumb. ; town res., 144 Piccadilly, 

Creations. U.K. : Bn. Allendale, 1906 ; Vise. Allen- 
dale, 1911. 

Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue ofpreseni [ist) Vise: 

Hon. "Wentworth Henky Canning B., heir to 

Viscounty, B.A., Capt. zud Life Gds., b. 1890. 
Hon. Margaret Helen, b. 1892, now Visctss. Ebring- 
ton, mar. 1917 Visct. E., heii- of Earl Fortescue, q,v. 
Hon. Aline Mary De Buigh B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Kaluh Edward blackett B., and heir, b. 1901. 
Hon. Agatha Violet .B., b. 1903. 
Issue o/ist Bn. (bros. and sists. of present Vise.) : 
Margaret Harriet, now The Lady PoUimore, b. 
1857, mar. i88i Hon. Coplestone K. G. W. Bamp- 
fylde. now 3rd Bn. Poltimore. q.T. 
Amy Virginia, now Amy L«di/ Braboume, b. 1859, 
mar. 1880 2nd Bn. B. (d. 1909), q.v. (Baron's 
Widow 21. 
(Present Viscount, b. i860.) 



Directory of Peerage, 


Hon. Edward de Grey B.. Maj. Lanes. Hus8. (Yeo.), 

a Remount Off., late Maj. i6th Lancers, b. 1862. 
Hon. Hubert George B., late a M.P. (L.), b. 1864, 
widower. Res., Wotton House, Aylesbury (pro- 
perty of Earl Temple) ; 6 Buckingham Gt., S.W. 
ALLERTON (pron. all-), Baron. George 
Herbert Jackson, 2ncl Bn. {U.K.), Lieut., temp. 
Capt., Army Ordn. Dept. , son of ist Bn. ; b. 
Jan. 20, 1867; sue. 1917 (C); mar. iSggKathe- 
rine Louisa, dau. of Wm. Wickham Wick- 
ham, of Boston Spa, Yorks. Seat, Allerton Hall, 
Chapel Allerton, Leeds ; res. , The Firs, Wetherby, 
Yorks. ; town res., 41 Cadogan Sq., S."W. 
Creation. U.K. : Bn. Allerton, 1902. 
TiTi,ED Relatives. 
(Jackson. ) 
Issue of present [2nd) Bn. : 

Hon. Dorothy Grace J., b. 1900. 
Hon. George William Lawies J., heir to Barony, b. 
1903. (znd heir, his uncle Hon. Stanley.) 
Issue of late {1st) Bn. {hro. and sists. of present) : 
(Present Baron, b, 1867.) 

Hon. (Francis) Stanley J., B.A.. M.P. (U.) for How- 
denshire, a D.L. for W. Rid. and City of York, 
temp. Lt.-Col. comdg. 7th Batt. W. Yorks. Regt. 
(Terr. ), late Capt. 3rd Batt. Roy. Lanc.^Regt., served 
in S. Africa 1900-1: b. 1870, mar. 1902 Julia Hen- 
rietta, dau. of the late Hy. Harrison-Broadley, 
M.P. (Hon. Mrs. Stanley J.). Res., 41. Hyde 
Park Sq., W. 
Hon. Alice Tempest, now Hon. Mrs. Harrison 
Tinsiey, mar. rSji, wid. 1900. Res., Allerton Hall, 
as above. 
Hon. Ella Constance, now Hon. Mrs. George Harper, 

mar. 1893 Maj. -Gen. Geo. Montague H., C.B., q.v. 
Hon. Annie, now Hon. Mrs. Sagar-Musgrave, mar. 
1894 Lt.-Col. Abraham Musgrave S.-M. Res., 
Oakhurst, Moortown, Leeds. 
Hon. Evelyn Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Arthur Beddard, 
mar. 1896 Aith. Philip B., M.D. Res., 117 
Gloucester PI., Portman Sq., W. 
Hon. Grace Mary, now Hon. Lady Brocklehank, mar. 
1898 Sir Aubrey B., 3rd Bt., q;v. 
ALLEYNE, Baronet. Sir John Meynell 
Alleyne, 4th Bt. {Gt. Br. 1769), D.S.C. (1917), 
Lieut. R.N. : grandson of 3rd Bt., b. 1889, .sue. 
1912. Heir pres., his bro. Reynold Meynell, 
Lieut. R.N. (b. 1892; 2nd heir their 2nd cous,, 
William Norman, b. 1903). Seat, Chevin, Belper, 

ALLFREY, Hon. Mrs., dau. of 17th Bn. Saye 
and Sele. 

ALLISON, Knight. Sir Robert Andrew 
Allison, Kt. Bach. (1910), a D.L. for Cumberld., 
late a M.P. (L.), is a Dir. of the Midland 
Rlwy. Co. : b. 1838, mar. 1897, 2nd wife, Sara 
Eudora, dau. of the late Canon Slater, of 
Bournemouth. Bes., Scaleby Hall, Carlisle. 

ALLISTON, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Mary, dau. of Thos. Loader), mar. 1871, as 2nd 
wife. Sir i'redk. P. Alliston, Kt. Bach., formerly 
Sheriff of London (d. 1912). 

ALLIX, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 2nd Bn. 

ALLMAN, Robert, C.M.G. (i90i),L.R.C.P.I., 
late Princ. Med. Offr. of Southn. Nigeria (Benin 
1897, Aro 1901) : b. 1854. Res., 2 Cowper Villas, 
Palmerston Pk., Dublin. 

ALLOA, Baron [Scot. 1489), a title of the Mar 
and Kellie Earldom, claimed also by the E. of Mar. 
ALLOM, Knight. Sir Charles Carrick 
AUom, Kt. Bach. (1913), a memb. of Messrs. 
White, AUom and Co., decorators, has been a 
memb. of several R. Commissions in connection 
with Intemat. Exhibitions: b. 1865, mar. 1888 
Laura, dau. of Albert Latham. Bes., Totteridge, 

ALLSOPP, family name of Hindlip Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." and one mrrd. " Lady." 

ALLWOOD, James, C.M.G. (1903), late Col- 
lector-Gen. of Customs, Excise, &c., in Jamaica. 

ALMOND, Rev. John Macpheeson, C.M.G. 
(1916}, Chapl. and Dir. of Chapl.'s Servs. Canad. 
Contingent (as Hon. Col.)'; S. Africa 1899-1900 ; 
b. 1872. 

ALNWICK, Baron LOVAINE of {Gt. Br. 
1784J — see "Northumberland, D. of." 

ALSTON, Acting Capt. Alfred Gilmori, 
C.M.G. (1917), R.N. retd. 

ALSTON, Beilby Francis, C.B. (Civ. 1913), 
a Senior Clerk in For. Office, has been Charge 
d'Affairesin Peking : b. 1868. Res., 19 Draycott 
Avenue, Chelsea, S.W. 

ALTAMONT, Earl of {hy courtest/— title Irel. 
1771), only son and heir of Marq. of Sligo. 

ALTHAM, Knight. Lieut. -Gen. Sir Edward 
Altham Altham (name doubled), K.C.B. (Mil. 
1916), C.M.G. (1901), temp. Q.M.G. in India, late 
Roy. Scots ; (jallipoli, Bechuanald. 1884-5 and 
Boer War 1899-1900, Egypt, has been in charge 
of Administr. Southn. Comd., prev. on Gen. Staff 
in S. Africa : b. 1856, mar. 1880 Georgina Emily, 
dau. of W. Maepherson Nicol. Res., Rotherwood, 

ALTHORP, Viscount {hy courtesy— title Gt.Br. 
1765), eld. son and heir of Earl Spencer. 

ALTMAN, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Margaret Eliza, dau. of Thos. Vernon), mar. 
1869 Sir Albert Joseph Altman, Kt. Bach., a 
Lieut, of City of London (d. 1912). Res., 44 
Pattison Rd., Hampstead, N.W. 

ALTON, Paym.-in-Ch. Francis Cooke, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), C.M.G. (1917), R.N. (ret. 1914), was 
Sec. to Com.-in-Ch. in China 1898-1901 : b. 1856. 

ALVAREZ, Justin Charles William, I.S.O. 
(1908), M.R.A.S., Fell, of Imper. Inst., late 
Consul-Gen. at Trebizond, prev. at Tripoli : b. 
1859. Res., Sliema, Malta. 

ALVERSTONE Viscounty [U.K. igi3)--e.vtinct 
from 1916 at death of only Visot., who was 1900-13 
Lord Chief Just, of England (surname Webster). 
Daughter of late Visct. 
Hon. Dora Marion, now Hon. Mrs. Shaw ilellor, 
b. 1873, mar. 1902 Alfred Shaw M., M.B. Res., 
10 Palace Gate, Kens.. W. 
The late Hon. Arthur Harold ir., b. 1874, d. 1902, 
having mar. 1898 Gwladys Marie, dau. of Sir Eras. 
H. Evans, istBt., K.C.M.G., M.P. ; she re-married 
rgos as Mrs. Iain Ramsay, forfeiting title. Res., 
Kildaltou, Port Ellen, Islay, N.B. ; Bengeo House, 

ALWAR, Maharaja op. H.H. Sir Sawai 
Jai Singh, Bahadur, K.C.S.L (1909), K.C.I.E. 
(1911), a Ruling Chief of India, Hon. Lt.-Col. in 
Army : b. 1882. I 

AMAR NATH, Rai Sahib Diwan, CLE. 
(1911), Ch. Min. to H.H. the Maharaja of Jammu 
and Kashmir. 

Kt. Bach. (1917), late a M.L.C., Ceylon. 

A]VIBERLEY, Viscount {U.K. 1861), a title of 
the Russell Earldom, borne by the heir when a son. 

(1913), Sherishtadar of Dist. Judges' Ct., Comilla, 


Baronetage, Knightage, dec. 



AMEER AHMED, Capt., M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1912), Bhopal State lianoers. 

AMEER ALI, Priv. Cohnc. Rt. Hon. Syed 
Ameer Ali,V.C. [Gt. Br. 1909), CLE. (1887), M.A., 
j Hon. LL.D., a member of the Judic. Comm. of 
the Priv. Counc, late a Puisne Judge of the High 
Court, Bengal : b. 1849, mar. 1884. Ses., The 
Cottage, Graffham, Petworth; 2 Cadogan PI., 
S.W. I 

AMES, Knight. Sii- Herbert Brown Ames, 
Kt. Bach. (1915), LL.D., M.P. for Antoine Div. 
of Montreal since 1914, Memb. of Counc. Pub. 
Instruction, Prov. of Quebec ; is a Kt. of Grace 
St. John of Jerus., Hon. Sec. Patriotic Fund of 
Canada : b. I863, mar. i8go Louise Marion, dau. 
of John Kennedy, C.E., of Montreal. Res., 54 
St. Frangois Xavier St., Montreal, Canada. 

AMHERST (the h pronounced) , family name of 
the following Earldom. Index to that line (a.) 
and to part of that of "Amherst of Hackney" 
(a.h., Tyssmi-Amherst), see below : 
Ly. Catherine, a. Ly. Florentia, a. Hn.Marg.Mitf.A.H. 
Ly. Charlotte, A. Hn. Humphrey Ly. Margaret, a. 
Ly. Evelyn, a. Wra., a. Ly. llary E., a. 

Hn.Florenoe.A.H. Ly.JoanGert. E.,a. Hn. Sibyl, a.h. 

AMHERST, Earl. Hugh Amherst, 4th Earl 
[U.K.), formerly Capt. Coldstrm. Gds., served in 
Nile Exped. 1884-5 : son of 2nd E. and bro. of 
3rd; b. Jan. 30, 185B; sue. 1910 (C); mar. 1896 
the Hon. Eleanor Clementina St. Auhyn, dau. of 
1st Bn. St. Levan. Seat, Montreal, Sevenoaks, 

Creations. Bn. Amherst, Gl. Br. 1788 ; Barl Amherst 
and Vise. Holmesdale, U.K. 1826.— The ist Baron was a 
Field-Marshal Com.-in-Chief of the British Army in N. 
America 1758-64, afterwards of the entire British Army ; 
was also a Knight of the Bath. His nephew, who suc- 
ceeded under special remainder by a second patent, and 
who was Envoy to China and Viceroy of India, obtained 
the Earldom and Visctv. 


Issue of present {^tk) E. : . 

Vise. Holmesdale, heir to Earldom, Jeffery John 
Archer Jl., Lt.,actg. Capt. Coldstream Gds., late an 
A.D.C. on Pers. Staff, Europ. War 1914-5, b. 1896. 

Lady Joan Gertrude Elizabeth A., b. 1899. 

Lady Mary Evelyn x4.. b. 1902. 

Hon. Humphrey William A., 2nd heir, b. 1903. 
Surviving issue of 2nd E. (sists. of present) : 

Lady Margaret Catherine A., b. 1848. Res., is Sey- 
mour St., W. 

Lady Btinor, now Lady E. Detuson, b. i8go, mar. 1877 
the late Capt. Wm. Evelyn D. (d. 1916). Res., 
Oreinston, Newark, Notts. 

Lady Chariotte Florentia A., b. 1851. Keg., with Lady 

(Present Earl, b. 1856.) 

AMHERST, Earl's Widow, remrrd. Alice 
Countess A. (dau. of the lafce Edwd. Probyn, 
Esq.), mar. 1st, 1878 (as 2nd wife), 5th E. of Lis- 
burne (d. 1888) ; 2ndly, 1889 (also as 2nd wife), 
3rd Earl Amherst (d. 1910) ; 3rdly, 1914, H.S.H. 
Prince Sapieha Kodinski, Chambn. to Emp. of 
Austria, /fes., Plas Amherst, Harlech, N. Wales ; 
15 Basil Mansions, Basil St., S.W. 

AMHERST (TYSSEN-), family name of older 
members of the following Bmy . ( see Index above) . 

Rothes Cecil {nee Tyssen- Amherst) , Bnss. 2nd 
in line, a Lady of Justice St. John Jerus. : dau. of 
1st Bn. ; b. April 25, 1837 ; sue. (by spec, re- 
mainder) 1909 ; mar. 1885 Lord William Cecil, 
C.V.O., son of 3rd M. of Exeter. Seat, Foulden 
Hall, Stoke Feny, Norfolk ; res., Lou Cast^re, 

• 1914- 

Valescure, St. Raphael, Var, France; town res., 
23 Queen's Gate Gdns., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Amherst of Hackney, U.K. 189a (with 
speoial remainder, in default of maie issue, to eld. 
daughter and her issue male). The original name of the 
family, though very variously spelt, was taken from a 
place called Amherst, near Tonbridge. Late in the i8th 
century an heiress succeeded to the title and to the 
Tyssen property (mainly in Hackney) and married Mr. 
Wm. George Daniel, who therefore appended "Tyssen" 
to that surname. But this his son exchanged for 
" Tyssen-Amhurst," the son of tlie latter again reverting 
to the original spelling of the last syllable. 

TiCT,ED Relatives. 
Issue of present Bnss. — name Cecil: 

The deceased Hon. William Amherst C, Capt. G-rsn. 

Gds. : b. 1886 (killed in action, 1914). 
Hon. Thomas James Amherst C, Capt. King's Roy. 
Rif. Corps, Europ. War 1914-6 : b. 1887; mar. iqia 
Vera, dau. of Hedworth Barclay (Hon. Mrs. 
Thomas G.). Res., 310 Vancouver St., Victoria, 
Brit. Columbia. 
Hon. John Francis Amherst C, aard Sec. in Diplom. 

Serv., b. iSgo. 
Hon. Henry Mitford Amherst C, Lieut. R.N., 
b. 1893. 
Dau.-in-laiva.ndL heir to Barony : 

Hon. Mrs. William C. (Gladys, dau. of Col. H. C. 
Baggallayl. mar. 1910 the late Hon. William A. C, 
above. Res., x Onslow Ho.,' Onslow Sqr., S.W. 
Issue : 

William Alexander Evering C, heir to Barony. 

b, 1912. 

Henry Kerr Auchmuty C, and heir. 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of 

name oiig. Tyssen- Amherst: 

Hon. Sibyl Margaret T.-A. ) ■t„Ai^ t t, „*-„o 

Hon. Florence Margaret T.-A. [ ^*//^„St ^^\T 

Hon. Margaret Mitford T.-A. ] ^'- ''°^^ •''^'^^■ 

Hon. Alioia Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Evelyn 

Cecil, Lady of Justice St. John Jerus., mar. 1898 

Rt. Hon. Evelyn C, M.P. See " Cecil, P.C. (2)." 

Hon. Geraldine Margaret, now Hon. Mrs. Drummond 

of Megginch, mar. 1890 Capt. Male. D. of M. Res., 

Megginch Castle, Brrol, Perthsh. 

The Dowager Lady A. of H. (Margaret Susan 
Tyssen- Amherst, dau. of the late Adm. Robt. Mit- 
ford), a Lady of Justice St. John Jerus. : mar. 
1856 the 1st Bn. Amherst of H. (d. 1909). Res., 
with her dau. above. 

AMINUDD AULA— see " Ind. Titles." 

AMTR~see ditto. 

AMORY (HEATHCOAT-), Baronet. Sir Ian 
Murray Heathcoat-Amory, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1874), 
C.B.E. (1917), and a D.L. for Devon; son of 
1st Bt. ; b. 1865, sue. 1914, mar. 1893 Alexandra 
Georgina, dau. of the late vice-Adm. Geo. H. 
Seymour, C.B. Heir, his son John H.-A., Lt. 
Devon Regt. (Terr.) (b. 1894 ; 2nd heir, next son. 
Derrick, b. 1900). Seat, Knightshayes Ct., 
Tiverton, Devon. 

AMORY (HEATHCOAT-), Baronet'sWidow. 
Dowager Lady H.-A. (Henrietta Mary, dau. of 
the late Wm. Unwin), mar. 1863 Sir John H. 
Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Bt. (d. 1914). Res., Hens- 
leigh, Tiverton. 

AMPHLETT, Knight's Widow {remrrd.). 
Lady A. (Sarah Amelia, dau. of the late C. W. 
Martin, Esq.), mar., 1st, 1880, as 2nd wife, Rt. 
Hon. Sir Eichd. P. Amphlett, Lord Justice of 
A.ppeal (d. 1883) ; 2ndly, 1904, Bryan H. Holme, 
— retaining title by courtesy. Ses., Clarence 
Lodge, Tunb. WeUs. 

AMPTHILL [pron. Amt-hill), Baron. Oliver 
Arthur Villibrs Russell, 2nd Bn. {U.K.), 
G.C.S.I. (1904), G.C.I.E. (1900), M.A., late Gov. 
of Madras (was Acting Viceroy 1904), late Lt.- 



Directory of Peerage, 


Col. comdg. 3rd Batt. Beds. Regt. (Spec. Res.), 
aftds. a Serv. Batt., now holds Spec. Appt. at 
Hqr.s. . is CSbmn. Beds. Territ. Force Assoc, and a 
D.L. for the Co., latePriv. Sec. to Sec. of State for 
Colonies: son of 1st Bn. and 1st cousin of D. of 
Bedford; b. Feb. 19, 1869; sue. 1884 (P.); mar. 
1894 Lady Margaret Lygon, C.I., a Lady of the 
Bedchamber to the Queen, dau. of 6th Eaii 
Beauchamp. .%««, Milton Ei-nest Hall, Bedford ; 
town res., 65 Ennismore Gdns., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ampthill, U.K. i88i.— Lord Odo Wm. 
Russell, youngest brother of the gth Duke of Bedford, 
was created ist Baron after a long diplomatic servioe, 
including that of Ambassador to the Court of Germany. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present [2nd) Bn. ; 

Hon. John Hugo R., heir to Barony, Sub-Lieut. 
R.N., Europ, War, b. i8q6. 

Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward R., 2nd heir, Sub- 
Lieut. R.N., Dardanelles igis, b. iSgS. 

Hon. Edward Wriothesley Curzon R., b. 1901. 

Hon. Leopold Oliver R., b. 1907. 

Hon. Phyllis Margaret R., b. 1909. 
Issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

(Present BAHON,b. 1869.) 

Hon. Theophilus (Odo William) Villiers R. (" Hon. 
Theo RusseU"), C.V.O. (1909), C,B. (Civ. 1917), 
Diplm. See. to Rt. Hon. A. J. Balfour (prev. to Sir 
E. Grey) at For. Offi., late Counc. in Brit. Emb. at 
Vienna, prev. Assist. Priv. Sec. to Sec. for For. 
Affairs, and has been ist Sec. at Berlin, and at 
Vienna, b.1870, mar. 1910 tlje Countess Marie Louise 
Rex, dau. of Count Rex of Saxony (Hon. Mrs. Theo 
R.). C2«!), St. James's. 

Hon. Constance Evelyn Villiers R.,h. 1872. 

Hon. Victor Alexander Frederick Villiers fl.,B.A., 
barrister-at-law, Lt.-Col. 5th Batt., prev. Capt. ard 
Batt. Beds. Regt. ; b. 1874, mar. 190s Annora Mar- 
garet Bromley, dau. of the late Geo. E. Martin 
(Hon. Mrs. Victor R.). Res., 17 Hornton St., 
Kens., W. ; chamb., 5 Crown Office Row, 

(4th Class, 1908), Maj.,temp. Lt.-Col., Gren. Gds., 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902, late Mil. Attach^ at 
Berlin, now a Gen. Staff Offr., ist Grade, Ulster 
Div.; twin with preceding, mar. 1909 Marjorie 
Gladys, dau. of the late Claude Guinness (Hon. 
Mrs. AlickK.). Cltih.Gn3.Tda'. 
Hon. Augusta Louise Margaret Romola Villiers R., 
b. 1879. 

AMPTHILL, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., V.A., ««e Lady Emily Theresa Villiers, 
a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria: 
dau. of 4th E. of Clarendon, b. 1843, mar. 1868 
1st Bn. Ampthill (d. 1884). Ties., Ampthill Pk., 
Beds. ; 86 Eaton Sq.^-S.W. 

I.S.O. (1914), Dep. Assist. Polit. Agent, Jimagadh 
State, Bombay. 

AJSTCASTER, Eakl of. Gilbert Ueathcote- 
Drummond- Willoughiy, 2nd Earl {U.K.) and a 
Bt., T.D., M.A.; Joint Hereditary Lord Gt. 
Chamberlain (see note under " Cholmondeley, 
Marq."), a D.L. for Perthsh., Chmn. of 
Kesteven (Line.) Q.S., Lt.-Col. Terr. F. Res., 
prev. comdg. Lines. Yeo., a M.P. 1894-1910 
(as Lord Willoughby de Eresby) ; son of 1st 
Earl; b. July 29th, 1867; sue. 1910 (C.) ; mar. 
1905 Eloise Lam-ence, dau. of the late W.L. Breese, 
of New York. Seats, Normanton Pk., Rutland, 
nr. Stamford; Grimsthorpe Castle, Bourne, 
Lines. ; Drummond Castle, Crieff, Perthsh. ; town 
res., 95 Lancaster Gate, W. 

Creations. £ng. : Bn. Willoughby de Eresby, 1313 by 
writ. Gt. Br. : A Bt. i733. U.K. .- Bn. Aveland, 1856; 
E. of Ancaster, 1892.— The ist Bn. Willoughby was an 
active supporter of Edw.ard I. in his French and Scot- 
tish wars. The Bnss. 21st in Hue married the ist Bn. 

Gwydyr, and thus the two titles became for a time 
united ; but an the deatti of the 3rd Bn. G. in 1870 that 
Peerage passed to a cousin, whilst the older Barony was 
awarded (after a brief abeyance) to his elder sister, 
■\vidow of the ist Bn. Aveland, who was previously Sir 
Gilbert Heathcote, sth Bt., and whose mother was 
Ctss. of Dyeart in her own risht. His son, the father of 
the present Peer, who was thus a Baron through both 
his father and mother, and grandson of a Countess, was 
created Earl of Ancaster. He assumed the names 
Drummond and Willoughby 1872. The present E. is 
22ud Baron Willoughby, but 25th when Baronesses are 

Titled Relatives. 
{Heaihcote-Drummond- Willoughby.) 
Is.iite of present {2nd) £. .■ 
Lady Catherine Mary Clementina H.-D.W., b 1906. 
Lord Willooghbv de Eresby, heir to Earldom: 

Gilbert James H.-D.-W., b. 1007. 
Lady Priscilla H.-D.-W., b. 1909. 
Hon. John H.-D.-W., 2nd heir, b. 1914. 
Issue of 1st E. (bros. and sists. of present) : 

Lady Evelyn Clementina, now Lady E. Ewart, Order 
of Mercy: b. 1864, mar. 1888 Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry 
Peter £., Bt.. G.C.V.O., K.C.B., q.v. 
Lady Margaret Mary, now Lady M. Rutherford, 
b. 1866, mar. 1902 the late Gideon Macpherson R. 
(d. 1907). Res., 31 Sloane Ct.W., Chelsea, S.W. 

Col. late comdg. 6th Lond. Bgde. (Terr.), and isth 
Batt. Co. Lond. Begt., prev. Maj. Scots Gds., served 
in S. Africa 1900-2 and Expedtuy, Force: b. 1870, 
mar. 1903 Lady Muriel Agnes Stuart Erskine, dau. 
of 14th E. of Buohan. Res., 9s Harley St., W. 

Hon. Claud H.-D.-W., Maj., late Coldstrm. Gda., 
M.P. for Stamford (C), now Lt.-CoL comdg. a Bn. 
M.G.C., T.C., prev. Sth Batt. Chesh. Regt., S. Africa 
1899-1902 : b. 1872, mar. 1905, as 2nd husb., Lady 
Florence Astley, dau. of 3rd Marq. Conyngham and 
widow of Bertram F. Frankland - RusseU- Astley. 
Res., s Upper Berkeley St., W. 

Lady Cecilie, now Lady Ceoilie Goff, b. 1874, mar. 
1B96 Thos. Clarence Edwd. G. Res., Carrowroe 
- Pk., Roscommon ; 46 Pont St., Belg. Sq., S.W. 

Lady Alice H.-D.-W., b. 1876. Res., with Dow. Ctss. 

Lady Mary Adelaide, now Ctss. of Dalhousie, b. 1878, 
mar. 1903 the 14th Earl of D., q.v. 

The deceased Hon. Peter Robert H.-D.-W.. Lt.-Com. 
R.N., b. 1885, lost in naval action off Chili 1914, 
mar. as below. 
— Daus.-m-law : • 

Lady Muriel H.-D.-W., see Hon. Charles above. 

Lady Florence H.-D.-W.. see Hon. Claud. 

Mrs. William Phipps (Pamela May, dau. of Col. 
W. C. Ross, C.B.), mar. ist, i9i3,-{the above Hon. 
Peter ; 2ndly, 1917, Com. Wm. D. P., M.V.O-, R.N„ 

Surviving issue of 1st Bn. Aveland (aunts of present 
Hon. Clementina Charlotte, now Hon. Lady Tryon, 
q.v., b. 1833, mar. 1869 the late Vice-Adm. Sir Geo. 
T. (d. 1893). 
Hon. Elizabeth Sophia Willottghby (her mother 
having when in widowhood assumed that name in 
Ueu of Heathcote), b. 1838. iJe.s. , Swinstead Hall, 
Bourne, Linos. ; 4 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 
ANCASTER, Earl's Widow. The Dowager 
Countess of A., nee Lady Evelyn Elizabeth 
Gordon, dau. of 10th M. of Himtly, b. 1846, mar. 
1863 Hon. Gilbert Heathcote, who sue. as 2nd 
Bn. Aveland 1867, as 24th Bn. Willoughby de 
Eresby 1888 and was cr. 1st E. of Ancaster 1892 
(d. 1910). Bes., Normanton Park, Stamford. 

ANCRAM, Earl of {Scot. 1633 and 1701), a 
title of the Lothian Marquessate, borne by the 
heir when the first-bom of the family. Obs. 
Ancram and not Ancrum is the recognised style 
of the heir, but see " Lothian " under Creations. 
ANDERSON, Baronet. Sir Robert Anderson, 
istBt. (U.K., 1911 ;Kt. Bach. 1903), twice Lord 
Mayor of Belfast; Chmn. of Sir- Jno. Amott and 
Co. and of Anderson and McAuley, Ltd. , and of 


Baronetage, Knightage, dec. 

AND 147 

several other Cos., also of Belfast Y.M.C.A. : b. 
1837, mar. 1890 "Wilhelmiaa, dau. of Rev. Andrew 
Long., none. Res'.,; Parkmount, Belfast; 
Mullaghmore, Co. Monaghan. 

ANDERSON, Bishops— see " Moosonee " and 

ANDERSON, Knight (i). Sir Alan Garrett 
Anderson, K.B.E. 1,1917), an additl. Civil Lord and 
Controller at Admy. from 1917, formerly Vice- 
Climn. of Wheat Commsn. at Bd. of Trade. 

ANDERSON, Knight (2). Sir Charles Alex- 
ANDEB Anderson, K.C.B. (Mil. 1915; C.B. Mil. 
1904), late R.A., has Albert Ale lal; Jowaki 1877-8, 
Afghn. 1878-80, Burmih 1885-6. and N. W. Fron- 
tier 1897-8, now temp, an Aimy Comdr. in India, 
late comdg. 8th (Luoknow) Div., prev. troops in 
China : b. 1857, mar. 1893 Ellen Katherme, dau. 
of G. Bevan Russell, M.D. Ees., Lucknow, India. 

ANDERSON, Knight (3). Sir George Ander- 
son, Kt. Bach. (1905), late Treasurer and Chf. Offr. 
of Bank of Scotld., Pres. of Inst, of Bankers in 
Scolld., was Dep. Usher of the White Rod of 
Scotland at last two Coronations : b. 1845, mar. 
1870 Mary, dau. of his relative Alex. Anderson, 
of London. Bes., Beechmount, Murrayfleld, 

ANDERSON, Knight (4). Sir John Anderson, 
G.C.M.G. (1909; K.C.M.G. 1901), K.C.B. (Civ. 
1913), M.A., LL.D., Gov. and Com.-in-Ch. of 
Ceylon since 1916, late Perm. Under Sec. of State 
for the Colonies, prev. Gov. of Straits Settmts.and 
of Labuan, High Commissr . for Protected States in 
Malay Penins. and of Brunei, and Cons. -Gen. for 
States of British Nth. Borneo and Sarawak ; has 
been attached to important Commssns. and Confs., 
was on Staff of H.M. during his visit to the 
Colonies before accession : b. 1858, rorrd. Res., 
The Queen's Ho., Colombo. 

ANDERSON, Knight (5). Sir John Anderson, 
Kt. Bach. (1912), head of Messrs. Guthi-ieand Co., 
Ltd., B. India Merchants, and Cons. -Gen. for 
Siam in London, late a M.L.C. Straits Settle- 
ments; b. 1852, mar. igoi Winitred Ethel 
Dunbar, dau. of the late J. Billing Pope. Res., 
Eastcote Place, Eastcote, nr. Pinner, Middx. 

ANDERSON, Knight (6). Sir Kenneth 
Skelton Anderson, K.C.M.G. (1909), a memb. of 
Shippuig Control Cmttee., Man. ol Orient Steam 
Nav. Co., and a memb. of Messrs. Anderson, 
Anderson & Co., of Fenchurch St., b. 1866, mar. 
1894 Louisa Mary, dau. of the late Jas. C. Steven- 
son, M.P. Res., Stamford House, Wimbledon 
Common, S.W. ; Ai-dtaraig, Argyll. 

ANDERSON, Knight(7). Sir Robert .4«d«;'son, 
K.C.B. (Civ. 1901), LL.D., barrister-at-law, late 
Assist. Commissr. Metrop. Pohce and head of 
Crim. Investig. Dept. , author of works on theology 
and agst. Higher Criticism and Home Rule : 
b . 1 84 1 , mar . 1 873 the under-mentioned Lady Agnes 
Anderson. Res., 39 Linden Gdns.,Bayswater, W. 

ANDERSON, Knight (8). Col. (temp. Br.- 
Gen.) Sir Robert Murray McCheyne Anderson, 
K.C.M.G. (1917), StafiE London H.Q. Austral. 
Imp. Fee. 

ANDERSON, Knight (9). Sir Robert Row- 
AND Anderso7i, Kt. Bach. (1902), LL.D., F.R.S.E., 
E.R.I.B.A., Hon. R.S.A., architect: b. 1834, 
mar. 1863 Mary, dau. of late Heni-y Ross. 
Res., Allermuir House, Colinton, Midlothn. ; 
16 Rutland Sq., Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Knight (10). Sir William 
Maurice Abbot Anderson, Kt. Bach. (1912), 
M.V.O. (4th Class, 1906), M.B., FeU. of Med. Soc. 
of Lond. and memb. Brit. Laryngolog. and Brit. 
Med. Assoes., Hon. Surg, to the Princess Royal 
and formerly Hon. Phys. to Univ. CoU. Hosp. 
Lond. : b. i86l : mar. 1898 M lude, dau. of the 
late Wm. Thos. Shaw. Res., 36 Haiiey St., W. ; 
3 Medina Terr., Hove. 

ANDERSON, Knights' Widows. (1) Hon. 
Lady A., nee Hon. Augusta Caroline Saumarez 
(dau. of 3rd Bn. de Saumarez, widow of 5th Bn. 
Boston, own sist. of Caroline, Lady Boston, and 
mother of present Bn., but preferring title as 
above), b. 1841, mar., 1st, 1859, Hon. Florence 
L'by, who became the above 5th Bn. (d. 1877) ; 
2ndly, 1883, the late Sir Henry P. Anderson, 
K.C.B. (d. 1896). Res., Tannheim, Wimborne 
Rd., Bournemouth. — (2) Lady A. (Margaret 
Richardson, dau. of Alex. Ronaldson), mar. 
1864 Sir Thos. McCall Anderson, Kt. Bach. M.D., 
Regius Prof, of Medicine in Glasgow Univ. and 
late Dean of Med. Faculty of same (d. 1908). 
Res., 6, Univer-^ity Gdns., Glasgow. — (3) Lady A. 
(Mary, dau. of the late S. J. Clutsam, M.D.), mar. 
1871 Sir- Wm. Jno. Anderson, late Ch. Justice of 
Trinidad (d. 1908). Res., Belize, Brit. Honduras. 

ANDERSON, Lord (of Session). Andrew 
Macbeth Anderson, M.A., LL.B., appd. 1913 a 
Judge of Session, with title •' (Hon.) Lord 
Anderson," prev. Sol. -Gen. for Scot, and a M.P. 
(L.) 1910-1, appd. K.C. 1908: b. 1862, mar. 1901 
Kate, dau. of the late Geo. Mackay, of Bella vi.sta, 
Midlothian. Res., 3 Drumsheugh Gdns., Edin- 

ANDERSON, Lady Agnes Alexandkina, 
sist. of gth E. of Drogheda (q.v.), and wife of 
Sir Robt. Anderson, K.C.B., Kt. 7. 

ANDERSON, Arthue Robert, CLE. (1915), 
Memb. Indian Rly. Bd. 

ANDERSON, Capt. David Murray, M.V.O. 
(4th Class 1910), R.N. ; Brass Riv. Exped., 1895, 
Ashanti 1896, late Comm. in H.M. yacht "Victoria 
and Albert"; born 1874. Club, U. Serv. 

ANDERSON. Col. (temp. Br. -Gen.) Francis 
James, C.B. (Mil. 1917;, R.E. ; Burma 1885-6: 
b. 1865. 

ANDERSON, Rev. Frederick Ingall, C.M.G. 
(1916), M. A., Chapl. to Forces, 1st Class. 

ANDERSON, Dr. (Louisa A.) Garrett, C.B. E. 
(1917), Organiser of the first Hosp. to be managed 
by women at the Front. 

ANDERSON, Gen. Harry Cortlandt, C.B. 
(Mil. 1907), LA. ; Sutlej and Mutiny, is Col. 4th 
Rajpoots : b. 1826. 

ANDERSON, Henry Aiken, C.S.I. (1897), 
late Actg. Commissr. of Derajat, prev. Dep. Com- 
missr. in Punjab: b. 1851. Res., 2 Lansdown 
Cresc, Edinburgh. 

ANDERSON, Lt-Col. John, CLE. (1917), 
M.B., I.M.S., retd., Memb. of Medical Bd., India 

ANDERSON, John , William Stewart, 
M.V.O. (-Ith 'class 1911), an Addtl. Asst. Sec, 
Secretai-j-'s Dept., Admiralty: b. 1874. Res., 28 
Argyll Rd., Kensington, W. 



Directory of Peerage, 


ANDEESON, Surg.-Gen. Louis Edward, C.B. 
(Mil. 1913), A. M.S., now Dep. Dii-. of Med. 
Servs., Ireland; Sudan 1884-5, N.W. Front. 
1897-8, S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1861. 

ANDERSON, Col. (temp. Br.-Gen.) Nel- 
son Graham, C.M.G. (1916), D.S.O. (igoo-i), 
A.8.C., S. Africa 1900, Zakka Khel 1908, has 
been a Supply and Ti-ansport Offr., I.A., now 
aD.A.aM.G. : b. 1875. 

ANDERSON,Robert, C.M.G. (1903), M.I.C.E., 
late Ch. EngT. of Uganda Govt. Rails., prev. of 
lines in Scotld., Mexico, and Venezuela : b. 1858. 
Club, Caledonian. 

ANDERSON, Hon. Mrs. Stuart, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Hothfleld. 

ANDERSON, Thomas, I.S.O. (1904), late Supt. 
of Registry, Bd. of Trade. Ees., Roseville, 

ANDERSON, Maj. Thomas Alexander 
Harvie, C.B. (Civ. 1917), Sec. of City of Glasgow 
T.F. Assoc. 

ANDERSON, Col. William Christian, C.M.G. 
(1916), I.A., Gurkha Rif. ; Expdtny. Force, S. 
Africa 1879, Sudan 1885, Mesopotamia : b. 1867. 

ANDERSON, Lt.-Col. William Patrick, 
C.M.G. (1913), anEmbktn. Staff Off., Canadian 
Res. of Officers ; served in Fenian Raids 1866-70, 
is Ch. Eng., Dept. of Marine and Fisheries, Dom. 
of Canada: b. 1851. .ff^s., Ottawa. 

ANDOB, Knight's Widow. Lady A. (Bea- 
trice Ruperta, dau. of the late Thos. Bromley, 
son of 3rd Bt.), mar. 1880 Adm. Sir Hilary 
G. Andoe, K.C.B., of nav. ser\'. from 1855 (d. 
1905). Res., 33 St. John St., Oxford. 

ANDOVER, Viscount {Eng. 1622), courtesy 
title borne by the heir of E. of Suffolk and Berk- 
shire when a son. 

ANDREW, Engr.-Comm. Gkoroe Edward, 
C.B. (Mil. 1916), R.N. 

ANDREWS, Bishop— see " Hokkaido." 

ANDREWS, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. William 
Drennan Andrews, P.C. (Irel. 1897), LL.D., 
late Judge of Probate Ct., Ireld., formerly 
of Excheq. and Matrimon. Divs., appd. Q,.C. 1872 : 
b. 1832, widower. Res., 51 Lower Leeson St., 

ANDREWS, Edward Jordon, I.S.O. (1909). 
late Publ. Treasurer for Jamaica : b. 1849. Res., 

ANDREWS, James Frank, I.S.O. (1913), Clerk 
of Ex. Counc. and Sec. to Cabinet, Dom. of New 
Zealand, prev. Pte. Sec. to 3 successive Prime 
Ministers : b. 1848. Res., 35 Bidwell St., Well- 
ington, N.Z. 

ANDRUS, Lt.-Col. Thomas Alchin, C.M.G. 
(igi6), N. Staffs. Kegt., now a Bgde. Comdr. ; 
Dongola 1896, N. W. Front. 1897-8, Mesopotamia : 
b. 1872. 

ANGERS, Knight. Hon. Sir Auguste E^al 
Angers, Kt. Bach. (1913), Hon. LL.D., K.C., a 
memb of the King's Privy Counc. for Canada, 
has been Att.-Gen., a Puisne Judge, and Lt.- 
Gov. of Quebec : b. 1838, mar. 1890, 2nd wife, 
Alphonse Hamel, dau. of the late Alex. Le 
Moine. Res., Montreal. 

ANGIER, Knight. Sir Theodore Vivian 
Samuel Angier, Kt. Bach. (1904), F.R.S.S., 
memb. of the steamship fii'm of Angier Bros., a 
Lieut. R.N. Vol. Res., Pres. 1905 of Chamb. of 

Shipping of U.K., formerly Capt. Middx. Yeom., 
is Vice-Pres. Brighton Tariff Reform League: 
b. 1843, mar. 1897 Lilifj^ Maude, dau. of the late 
Edmd. Routledge. Res., Hill Crest, Dyke Ed., 

ANGLESEY, Marquess of. Charles Henet 
Alexander Paget, 6th Marq. [U.K.) and a Bt. 
(Irel.), Mayor of Burton-on-Trent 1911-12, 
Assist. Mil. Sec. on Pers. Staff, late A.D.C. to Gen. 
SirWm. Bird wood, Dardanelles, prev. to Gen. Sir 
John Maxwell, Cairo, Capt. Household Cav., late 
Lieut. Roy. Horse Gds. (Res. of Offrs ) : 1st cousin 
of 5th Marq., son of Lord Alex. Victor Paget, and 
gt. grandson of the Waterloo Fd. -Marshal ; b. 
April 14, 1885; sue. 1905 (C); mar. 1912 Lady 
Victoria Marjorie Harriet Manners, dau. of 8th 
D. of Rutland. Seats, Beau Desert, Rugeley, 
Staffords. ; Plas Newydd, LlanfairpwU, Angle- 
sey (the name " Anglesey Castle" is abandoned). 

Creations. Bn. Paget, Eng. 1553 by writ; E. of 
Uxbridge, Gt. Br. 1784 ; M. of Anglesey, U.K. 1815 ; a 
Bt. Irel. 1730.— The ist Bn. Paget was executor to 
Henry VIII. and raised to the Peerage under Edward 
VI. The 9th Bn. obtained the Uxbridge Earldom, 
he being cousin of a previous Earl of that title, which 
had subsisted "714-69. His successor was raised to the 
Marquessate, having been greatly distinguished in the 
Peninsular War and having at Waterloo led the grand 
charge which is considered to have decided the victory ; 
he was afterwards twice Lord lieutenant of Ireland. 
The Une of succession from 1769 has descended from Sir 
Nicholas Bayly. 2nd Bt., who had married the heiress 
of the Paget Bny , and whose son, the above 9th Bn. 
and ist Earl, immediately assumed the ancient family 
name. A former Earldom of Anglesey belonged to a 
distinct family— that of Villiers— and lasted 1623-60; 
this was followed in 1661 by the awarding of the same 
title to the 2nd Vise. Valentia, but it also expired as 
noticed under the latter peerage. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (6th) 31. (co-hciresses to Paget 
Bny.) : 
Lady Alexandra Mary Caroline Cecilia P., h. 1913. 

Lady P., b. 1916. 

Bro. and sists. of present (6th) M. (grafted rank of 

Marq. 's issue" 1906) : 

Lord Victor William P., heir pres. to Marquessate, 

Earldom and Btcy., late Lieut. Roy. Horse Gds., 

now Capt. Res. of Officers and a Brig.-Maj. : 

b. 1889, mar. 1913 Olive Mary, dau. of Geo. Meatyard 

and known on the stage as " Olive May " (Lady 

Victor P.). Res., i Cumberland House, Kens. Gore, 

W. (2nd heir to 3 titles his son Henry Alexander 

Reginald, b. 1914), 

Winifred Constance Hester, Visctss. Ingestre, b. 1881, 

mar. 1Q04 the late Vise. I. (d. 1915), see under 

Shrewsbury Earldom (esiiec. as to style of address). 

Beatrice Eleanor, now C(8S. 0/ Pembroke, b. 1883, 

mar. 1904, see " Pembroke and Montgomery, E. of." 

— Daus.-in-lmv (of 2nd M. and mother of present) : 

Lady Alexander P. (mother of 2nd M., nie Hon. 

Hester Alice Staplelon-Cotton), dau. of 2nd Vise. 

Combermere, b. 1851, mar. 1880 the late Lord 

Alexander Victor P. (d. 1896). Aberuant, Builth 

Wells, Breconsh, 

Lady Berkeley P. (aunt of present M. ; Florence, 

dau. of the late Wm. H. Chetwynd, son of and 

Bt.), mar. 1877 the late Lord Berkeley Chas. S. P. 

(d. 1913). Res., Longdon Hall, Rugeley, Staffs. 

ANGLESEY, Marquesses' Widows. (1) 
Dowager Marchioness of A. (Mary Living- 
stone, dau. of J. P. King, of Georgia, U.S.A., 
and widow of Hon. Hy. Wodehouse), mar. 
1880, as 3rd wife, 4th M. of Anglesey (d. 1898). 
Res., 7 Rue de I'Ermitage, Ver.sailles.— (2) [re- 
married) Lilian Florence Maud, dau. of Sir 
Geo. Chetwynd, 4th Bt., and of the Mchss. of 
Hastings, mar. 1st 1898 5th Marq. (d. 1905), and 
1909 John F. G. Gilliat, dropping title. Res., 4 
Gloucester Sq., Hyde Pk., W. 


Baronetage, Knightage, (kc. 



ANGUS, Earl of {Scot. 1389)— see " HamU- 
ton, D. ©f." 

ANGUS, Col. William Mathwin, C.B. (Civ. 
1902), V.D., late comdg. ist Newoastle-on-Tyne 
K.G.A. Vols., is a D.L. for N'thumb. and Pro- 
vincial Gd. Mark Master Mason for N'thumb. and 
Durham; b. 1851. ifes., The Cottage, Old Benwell, 
Newcastle-on-T}Tie . 
ANHALT— see Royal Family. 
ANLEY, Lt.-Col. Barnett Dyer LEiiPRiiRE 
Gray, C.M.G. (1917), D.S.O. (1900-1), M'chester 
Regt. ; with 6th Batt. Mtd. Inf. in Boer War 
1899-1900, a G.S.O., 1st Grade, at War Office: 
b. 1873. 

ANLEY, Col. (temp. Maj.-Gen.) Frederick 
Gore, C B. (Mil. 1916), C.M.G. (1917), Essex 
Regt., Comdr. Maoh. G.C. ; now a Bgde. 
Comdr, ; E.-spdtny. Force, Sudan 1884-5, Dongola 
1896, Nile Expdns. 1897-8-9, S. Africa 1899- 
igo2 : b. 1864. 

ANLEY, Col. Henry Augustus, C.B. (Mil. 
1917), A. Ordn. D. ; E. Africa 1903 : b. 1864. 

ANN, K.viGirr's Widow. Lady A. (Sophia, 
dau. of Jno. M. Eastland), mar. 1884 Sir Edwin 
Thos. Ann id. 1913), twice Mayor of Derby. Res., 
West Parkfields, Derby. 

Aiyangar Avargal, Dewan Bahadur, I.S.O. 
{1911), Actg. Dep. Commissr., Salt, Abkari and 
Separate Revenue Dept. , Madras. 

ANNALY, Baron. Luke Wliite, 3rd Bn. 
(fr.A'.),G.C.V.O.(i9i7), Permanent Lord in Wait- 
ing to H.M., a D.L. for Cos. Northampton and 
Longford, Hn. Col., late comdg. Northants. Yeom., 
formerly Capt. Scots Gds., served in Egypt 1882 : 
sonof 2udBn. ; b. Feb. 25, 1857; sue. 1888 {U.); 
mar. 1884 the Hon. Lilah Georgiana Augusta 
Constance Aijar-ElHs,6.&a. oi 3rd Vise. Clifden. 
Sfats, Holdenby House, Northampton ; Gowran, 
Co. Kilkenny ; Luttrellstown, Clonsilla, Co. 
Dublin ; town res., 43 Berkeley Sq., W. 

Creation. Bn. Annaly, U.R. 1863.— The ist Bn. had 
long been M.P. for Dublin and for Co. Longford, also 
Lieutenant of latter. 

Titled Relatives. 
( White.) 
Issue nf present {3rd) Bn. : 

Hon. Luke Henry W., heir to Barony, Capt. 
nth HuBsars, Europ. War from 1914, has been 
A.D.C. to Com.-in-Ch., Ireland (Sir A. H. Paget) : 
b. 1885 12nd heir, his uncle Hon. Charles James). 
Hon. Lilah Charlotte Sarah, now Hon. Mrs. John 
Lou'ther. b. 1889, mar. igii Capt. John Geo. L., 
M.C., nth Huss., bro. of 4th Bt. Seat, Wilton 
Castle, Redcar, Yorks. 
Hon. Lucia Emily Margaret W., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 2nd Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
Hon. Alice Emily, now Ctss. of Leicester, b. i8s6, 

mar. 1879 Vise. Coke, now 3rd Earl of L. 
(Present Baron, b. 1857.) 

Hon. Charles James IF., now Capt. 9th Batt. Norf. 
Regt. and attached to Hqrs. as an Embarktu. 
Offr., formerly Capt. Royal Fus. and Ch. Commssr. 
of Police in Rhodesia, served in Matabele Cam. 
paigns of 1893 and 1896, and Europ. War from 
1914. b. i860, mar. 1901 Evelj-n, dau. of the late 
J. B. Bulkeley-Johnson {Hon. Mrs. Charles \V.). 
Club, Nav. and Mil. 
Hon. Robert W., C.M.G. (1916), Lieut.-Col. (temp. 
Br. -Gen.) comdg. a Bgde. B E.F., prev. Lt.-Col. 
loth Roy. Fus., late Capt. Roy. Welsh Fus., and 
Staff Ottr. in Rhodesia Horse, served in Nile Ex- 
pedn. 1884-5, in S. Africa iqoo, and in Europ. 
War from 1914, also took part, together with his 
deceased l:)ro. Hon. Henry Fredc. in the Jameson 
Raid (sentenced to seven months' imprisonment) : 
b. 1861. Res., i6 Stratton St., Piccadilly, W.. 

Hon. Violet, now Lady Percy St. Mam; b. 1869, mar. 

1899 the late Lord Percy St. M., son of the 14th I). 

of Somerset, q.v. 
Hon. Francis William W., Supt. of Remounts as 

temp. Maj., b. 1873, mar. 1910 Anna Elizabeth, 

dau." of the late C.Jaeger (Hon. Mrs. Eras. W.). 
Surviving dau. of 1st Bn. (aunt of present) : 

Hon. Emilie Beaujolais, now The Lady Ebury, b. 

1844, mar. 1867 znd Bn. E., q.v. 

ANNESLEY, family name of Annesley Earl- 
dom and Valentia Viscounty. Index to the two 
lines : 

Hu. Altisidora, v. Hn. Dorothy, v. Hn. Mrs.Sydney.v. 
Hn. Mrs. Arthur,A.Hon.Mrs.Fras.sep.Hn. Victoria, v. 
Hon. Caryl A. J. v. Hn. Hilda Cec. v. Hn. Violet, v. 
Ly. Clare, a. Hn. Kathleen, v. 

ANNESLEY, Baron— see compounds below. 
ANNESLEY {pron. Ann'ezly), Eakl. Walter 
Beresford Annesley, 7th Earl {Ire/.), son of the 
Hon. William Annesley, 6th son of the 3rd E. : 
b. Feb. 10. 1861 ; sue. 1914 (C.) ; mar. 1893 Maud 
Fleming, dau. of Haynes B. Higginson. of Rock 
Ferry, Cheshire. Bes., The Coppice, Woodcote, 
Purley, Surrey. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Annesley of Castlewellan, 1758 ; 
Vise. Glerawly (q.v.) 1766; Earl Annesley, 1789.— The ist 
Bn. and Vise, was M.P. for Middleton (Yorks.) and a 
barrister. His successor was raised to the Earldom. The 
4th and sth Earls were Irish Representative Peers. 
Titled Relatives and Heir. 
Issue of present {^th) E. : 

ViscT. Gleeawlv, heir to Earldom ; Beresford Cecil 
Bingham A., znd Lt. Roy. Fus. (Sp. Res.), b. 1894 
(2nd heir a remotecous. Wm. Robert Bathurst A., 
Lt. K.E. and Lt. R.F.C., a descendt. of and E., 
b. 1892). 
Sists. of present E. (granted rank of Earl's daus. 



dy Sarah, now Lady S. Nash, b. 1862. mar. 1884 
Seymour Peel iV., sou of Rev, Canon Kash. 
Lady Florence Cecilia, now Lady F Proctor, b. 

1E63, mar. 1888 the late Frank P. 
Lady Katherine Maud, now Lady K. Thompson, 
b. 1864, mar. 1890660. Henry T., of Fulham. 
Surviving issue of yh E. (cousins of present) : 
By 1ST mrrge. 
Lady Mabel Marguerite, now Lady Marguerite 
Sowerby, b. 1881, mar. 1904 Lieut. Gerald i'., R.N. 
Res., Castlewellan and Donard Lodge, Newcastle, 
both Co. Down. 
By 2ND mrkqe. 

Lady Clare A., b. 1893. Res., 44 Curzon St., W. 
Lady Constance Mary, now Lady C. Malleson, b. 
mar. 1915 Wm. Miles M. 


Dau. -in-law of^i-d E. (gt.-gt.-aunt of present) : 
Hon. Mrs. Arthur A. (Clara, dau. of the late Geo. 
Weston), mar. 1867 the late Capt. Hon. Arth. A. 
(d. 1881). Res., 12 Clarges St,. Mayfair. W. 

ANNESLEY, eIrls' Widows. (1) The 
DowaL'er Countess A. (Priscilla Cecilia, dau. of 
the late Wm. Armitage Moore, Esq.), mar. 1892, 
as 2nd wife, the 5th Earl Annesley (d. 1908). 
Bes., The Cottage. Cox Green, Maidenhead; 44 
Gt. Ciunberld. PI., W. (2) Evelyn Countms A. 
(Evelyn Hester Harrison, dau. of Alfred E. M. 
Mundy, of Sliipley Hall, Derby), mar. 1909 the 
6th Earl Annesley (d. 1914). " Bes., The Oak 
Cottage, Handoross, Sussex ; The Hut, Newcastle, 
Co. Down. 

ANNESLEY, Hon. Mrs. Francis, sist. of 4th 
Bn. Newborough. 

ANNESLEY, Lt.-Col. James Howard Adol- 
pnus, CM G. (1917J, D.S.O. (igoo-i), late comdg. 
6th Drgn. Gds., has been a D.A.A.G. in India, 
late A.A. and Q.M.G. at Headqrs. ; Tirah 1897-8. 
S. Africa 1900-1 : b. i858 (^descendant of 2nd 
Earl). Club, Army and Navy. 



Directory of Peerage, 


Gen. Sir Arthhe Lyttelton //^/rte^fon-^HnesJo!/, 
K.C.V.O. (i903),r.E,.G.S..F.Z.S.,F.Soe.Arts,Col. 
11th Hussars, served in Crimea and has been 
A.A.G. at Headqrs., A.G. at Bombay, andcomdg. 
in Scotld., ret. 1898 : b. 1837. assumed name of 
Lyttelton by licence 1884, as representative of 
1st Lord Lj-ttelton. Res., Templemere, Way- 
bridge, Surrey. 
{U.K. 1917), Imperial title of Visct. Valentia. 

1756)— see Earl Annesley above. 

THIHARA AIYAR,Kao Bahadur, LS.O. (1913), 
B.A., Insp of Schools, Madras : b. 1857. 

ANSCOMB, Maj. Allen Mellers, I.S.O. 
(1911), V.D., Baluchistan Vol. BLfles, late Extra 
Assist. -Commissr., Baluchistan : b. 1849. 

ANSELL, William James David, I.S.O. 
(1907), late Ch. Coll. of Customs, Cyprus, and 
Supt. of the Port and Registrar of Shipping: 
b. 1858. 

ANSLOW, Baron. Tonman Mosleij, 1st Bn- 
{U.K.), C.B. (Civ. 1911), B.A., barr.-at-law- 
D.L. Staffs, and Bucks . a Kt. of Grace St. John 
of Jerus., Chmn. N. Staffs. Rly., Bucks. C.C. and 
of Co. Terr. Force Assoc, formerly Chmn. 
Derby Q.S. : b. Jan. 16, 1850, son of Sir Tonman 
Mosley, 3rd Bt., frea. Bn. 1916, mar. 1881 Lady 
Hilda Rose Montgomerie, dau. of 13th E. of 
Eglinton. No heir. Seat, Bangors Pk., Iver, 

Creation. Bn. Anslow of Iver, U.K. 1916. 
SuKviTiNG Issue. 

(The (Uceased Nicholae M.\ Capt. N. Staffs. Regt., 
. served in S. Africa 1900-2, b. i88z, died of wounds 

Hon. Hildred M., b. 1887. 
Hon. Sybil Hildegarde M., b. 1896. 
ANSON, family name of Lichfield Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies '"' and " Hons.," see also below. 
ANSON, Baronet. Sir John Henry Alger- 
non Anson, sth Bt. (, Sub-Lieut. R.N.: 
son of the late Rear-Adm. Algernon Horatio A., 
nephew of 3rd Bt. (,Rt. Hon. Sir Wm. E. Anson, 
D.C.L., M.P.) and ist cous. of 4* B*-- "^^o J^^ 
drowned within a month of succession ; b. 1897, 
sue. 1914. Heir pres., his bro. Edwaru Reynell 
.I.,b. 1902 (2nd heir, their gt.-uncle, the foUg. 
Kt.). Seat, Birch Hall, Manchester. 

ANSON, Knight. Maj .-Gen. Sir Archibald 
Edward Haebord ylrfWJi, KJ3.M.G. (1882), R.A. 
retd. (1879), sei-ved in Crimea and Malay Peiuns., 
and has three times administered Govt, of Straits 
Settmts., was Insp. -Gen. of Police at Mauritius 
1858-67 and Lt.-Gov. of Penang 1867-82 : b. 1826 
(son of 1st Bt. in above Une), mar. 1906, 2nd wife, 
Isabelle Jane, dau. of the late Bobt. Arautstead. 
Res., Southfleld, SilverhUl, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 
ANSON, Viscount {by courtes!/— title U.K. 
1806), eld. son and heir of E. of Lichfield, q.v. 
Obs. The late Viscounty of Anson is now absoi:bed 
in the Lichfield Earldom. 

ANSON, Hon. Mrs. Algernon, dau. of 6th 
Bn. Vernon and mother of above Bt. Res., Barons 
Down, Lewes, Sussex. 

(4th Class, 1901), R.N., ret. 1917, late Adm.- 
Supt. Chatham Dkyd., Egypt 1882, a Yoimg;er 
Bro. of Trinity House : b. 1859 

ANSON, Hon. Mrs. Prbdebick, dau. of 5th 
Bn. Vernon and mother of preceding. 

ANSTEY, Engr. -Rear-Adm. William John, 
C.B. (Civ. 1917), retd. 1917- 

ANSTICE, Knight (1). Col. Sir (John) Arthur 
Anstice, K.C.I?. (Civ. 1909), V.D.,M.A., Hon Col. 
4th Batt. Shropsh. L.I. (Terr.) , a D.L. and C.C. for 
Shropshu-e and Glos., and Chmn. of Temt. Force 
Assoc, of lattfr, has been six times Mayor of 
Wenlock : b. 1846, mar. 1891 Agnes Pauhne, dau. 
of Ferdinand Vuna. Res., The Old Grange, 
Dymock, Glouce.ster. ^ 

ANSTICE, Knight (2). Col. Sir Robert Henry 
Avstice, K.C.B. (Civ. 1910), T.D., M.A., Hon. Col. 
Highld. Div. Eng. (Terr.), late comdg. 1st Aber- 
deensh. R.E. (Vols.), formerly Maj. the Border 
Regt. : b. 1843 (elder bro. of preceding). 8es., 
Weetboume House, 64 Queen's Road, Aberdeen. 

ANSTRUTHER {pron. An'striither ; place 
locally called Anster), Bakonet. Sir Ralph 
William Anstruther, 6th Bt. of Balcaskit (Scot. 
1694) T.D., Hon. LL.D., aD.L. for Caithness and 
Fifesh., Lt.-Col. and Hon. Col., late comdg. 7th 
Batt. Black Watch (Terr.), reappd. as Maj., 
formerly Capt. R.E., has sei-ved m Egypt and 
Bechuanaland : son of 5th Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1886, 
mar. same year Mildred Hamet, dau. of the 
late Edwd. Hussey. Heir, his son Capt^, tenip. 
Maj., Robert Edward^., M.C Black Watch (b. 
i8go ; 2nd heir, Bt.'s bro. Henry Torrens, b. i860). 
Seats. Balcaskie, Pittenweem, Fife; Watten, 
Caithness; toivn res., 10 Evelj-n Mans., Carlisle 

ANSTRUTHER, Arthur Wellebley, C.B. 
(Civ. 1908), Assist. Sec. Bd. of Agric, has been 
Priv. Sec. to succeeding Presids., formerly Capt. 
Fife Artill. Mil. : b. 1864 (yoimger bro. of above 
Bt.). Res., Hook Heath Farm, Wokmg. 

ANSTRUTHER, Col. Charles Frederick St. 
Cl'air, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1905), D.S.O. (1900-1), 
D.L. for Fife (formerly Anstruthee-Thomson, 
but dropped 2nd name 1910), and Life Gds. 
retd. (1907), now has Spec. Appt. at Hqrs. ; S. 
Africa 1900: b. 1855 (descendt. of 2nd Bt. 
Anstruther). Res., Charleton, Colinsburgh, 
Fife : Rutland House, Rutld. Gdns., S.W. 
ANSTRUTHER, Hon. Mrs. Henry, dau. of 

4th Bn. Sudeley. „ 

ANSTRUTHER. Rr.-Adm. Robert Hamilton, 

! M.G. (1907), E.N. retd. 1915, late Com. China 

,n,.ad.. nrev. Sen. Nav. Offr. at Newfound- 

362 (bro. of 

Cluh, Jun. U, 

C , , .,, 

Squad., prev. Sen. Nav 
land, now attd. to Army Hqrs 
above Bt.). CTu/i, National. 

Sir Windham Frederick Carmichael-Anstruther, 
nth Bt. of Amtruther {Scot. 1700) .and 7th of 
Carmirhacl (Gt. Br. 1798), Heritable Carver to 
Roy. Household in Sootld. and one of the Masters 
of same: son of 10th Bt., b. 1902, sue. 1903. 
Heir, a distant cousin, Eric Windham Francis 
(b iqoo ; 2nd heir, latter's uncle Eric Geo. Basil, 
b.'i874). Seat, Carmichael House, Thankerton, 

Widow. Lady O.-A., now Hon Mrs. Algernon 
Hanburu-Tracv Syhia, dau. of Rt. Hon. Sir 
Fredk. M. Darley. G.C.M.G.), mar., 1st, 190», Sir 
Windham Robt. Carmichael-Anstruther, loth Bt. 
(d. 1903) ; 2ndly, 1905, Maj. Hon A. Hanbury- 
Tracv. C.M.G., q.v. (under " Sudeley ). 

ANSTRUTHER (LLOYD-), Hon. Mrs. James, 
dau. of 7th Vise. Chetwynd. ^ ,, ^ - , „, .n 

ANTHONISZ, James Oliver, O.M.G. (1914). 
Treas.'of the Straits Settlements. Res., Singapore. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



ANTHONT, Knight. Sir John Antkonii, Kt. 
Baoh. (1916), sole partner of Cockburn Bros., 
manufacturers, Govan, was Provost 1904, has 
assisted recruiting and is Chmn. of Advisory 
Cmttee. for the div. Res., Dalmeny, Dumbrack, 
by Glasgow. 
ANTICHAJVIP (or -chan)— see " Autichamp." 
ANTIGUA, Bishop ok. Et. Rev. Edwaed 
Hutson, D.D., 7th Bp., late Canon of Antigua, 
Examg. Chapl. to his predecessor : b. 1873, cons. 
1911. Bes., Bishop's Lodge, Antigua. 

ANTILL, Col. (temp. Brig.-Gen.) John Mac- 
QnAEiE,C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), CM. G. (igi6),N.S.W. 
Mtd. Rifles; S. Africa 1899-1901, now a Bsde. 
Comdr. of Austral. Commonwealth Forces, late 
A.D.C. to Gov. Gen., and Ch. Instr. of Mtd. 
Troops in N.S.W. : b. 1866. JRes., Sydney. 

ANTRIM, Earl o/. William Randal 
McDonnell, 11th Earl (Irel., 6th of 2nd creation), 
a D.L. of Co. Antrim, formerly Lieut. TjTone 
FusiUers : son of ioth (5th) E. ; b. Jan. 8, 1851 
sue. 1869; mar. 1875 Louisa Jane, V.A., sist. of 
4th Earl Grey, a Lady of the Bedchamber 
to Queen Alexandi-a. Seat, Glenarm Castle, Co. 

Creation. E. of Antrim and Vise. Dunluee, Irel., new 
patent 1783 modifying orig. of 1620. — A family of 
Scottish origin, descended from John MacDonald, Lord 
of the Isles, who married a daughter of King Robert 
II. As to the altered form of the name, the original of 
the entire Olau was spelt in Gaelic Mac Domhnaill. the 
different branches having diversely varied it : that of 
Antrim, by marriage associations with the family 
of MacDonell, took to that form and eventually the 
present. The above ancestor was murdered by one 
James Campbell. His descendants were more than 
once in rebellion, and after the execution of one of 
them, with four of his six sons, in 1494, the two sur- 
viving sons fled to Ireland, but returned later on, and 
in 1529 " ravaged the lands of the Campbells with iire 
and sword" ('Burke 'I. The next representative of the 
family was at war with both the Irish and English, but 
became possessed of land in Ireland and eventually 
settled down as a faithful subject of Queen Elizabeth. 
He was made a free citizen of Ireland, and married 
the daughter of the Earl of Tyrone. His son Sir 
Randal MacSorley McDonnell obtained the Peerage. 
The 6th Earl, having no male issue, procured the right 
of succession for his daughters and their male issue, 
so that there was never any interruption in the line: 
the present Earl is therefore actually the nth, though 
holding his title from a patent under which he is only 
the 6th. The 2nd Earl of the original creation was 
promoted to be Marq. of Antrim, but that title ex- 
pired upon the death of the 6th, not being included 
in the extended remainder to daughters. The 2nd of 
these married Lord Jtark Robert Kerr, but her son, on 
succeeding as 9th Earl, resumed the former name of 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue 0/ present (ilrt) E. 
Lady Sibyl J 

Mary, now Lady 
1897 Vivian Hugh S. Res 
■''isc. DuNLUCE, heir to Earldom : Randal Mark Kerr 
McD., Iate2ud Lieut. 4th Batt. Royal Lane. Regt. 
(Terr.), b. 1878, mar. 1004 M.argaret Isabel, dau. 
of late Rt. Hon. J. G. Talbot, M.P., grandson of 
and Earl Talbot. Bes.,, Friendly Green, Cowden, 

Hon. Rose Gwendolen Louisa McD., b. 1909. 

Hon. Randal John Somerled McD., 2nd heir, b. 

Hon. Jean Meriel McD., b. 1914. 

Hon. McD. (sou), b. 1917. 

Hon. Angus McD., temp. Lt.-Col. Canadn. Fee., 
and 2ud in comd. Can. Rail. Troops, b. 1881, mar. 
1913, Ethelwyn Sylvia, dau. of Henry Arthur 
Jones, the Dramatist (Hon. Mrs. Angus McD.}. 
Res., in Brit. Columbia. 

Surviving, issue of loth E. (bro. and sists. of 
present) : 

(Present EAEL.b. 1851.) ,..,„..■ u ,0f. 

Lady Caroline Elizabeth, now Lady G. Bertie, b. iB53, 
mar. 1881 Rev. the Hon. Alberic Edwd. B. ,8on ot 
6th E. of Abingdon, q.v. , „ ii „ ,-„ 

Hon. Alexander McD., Ch. Clerk of Crattees. in 
House of Lords, b. 1857. Res., 6 Charles St., 
Berkeley Sq., W. , „ , , -,„ 

Lady Mabel Harriet, now Lady M. Howard, b. iBS», 
mar. 1878 the late Henry Chas. H., of GreystoKe 

Lady^Evelyn McD., b i860. Res., 3 Buckingham 

'iha'deceaked Hon. Sir Schomberg Kerr McD. 
G.C.V.O., Maj. Cameron High., b. 1861, d. of 
wounds 1915. 
Ladv Jane Grey, now The Lady Clinton, b. 1863, mar. 
1B86 Hon. Chas. Jno. Robt. H.-S.-F.-Trefusis, now 
2ist Bn. Clinton, q.v. 
Lady Helena, now Lady H. (" Nina ") jBaZ/oiir, b. 1865, 
mar. 1888 Capt. Chas. Barrington B., Ld. Lieut, 
of Berwicks., late a M.P. Res., Newton Don, 
Kelso, Roxburghsh. ; Balfour House, Balgonie, 
■ Markinch, Fifesh. ; 14 Grosvenor Cresc, S.W. 
— Dau. -in-law: 

Hon. Mrs. Mark McD. (Emily Fanny Dorothy, dau. 
of Sir Geo. P^. Osbom, 6th Bt. ), mar. 1892 the late 
Hon. Mark Hy. Horace McD. (d. 1909). Res., 
24 Brunswick PL, Hove, Brighton. 
Dau. qfgth E. (1st cousin of present) : 

Lady Helen Laura, b. 1837— see " Mac Gregor, Bt. s 
Widow of Mac Greeor. ' 
AJSTTROBUS, Baeonet. Sir Cosmo (Gordon) 
Anf.rohus, 5th Bt. {U.K. 1815), M.A., barrister- 
at-law : son of 3rd Bt. and bro. of 4th, b. 1859, 
sue. .1915, unmri'd. Heir pres., Bt.'s 1st cous. 
Philip Humphrey, Capt. Irish Gds., b. 1876 ; 
2nd heir, a 2nd cous. , John Crawford, b. 1862. Seat, 
Amesburj' Abbey, Salisbury ; chcb, Travellers'. 

ANTROBUS, Baronet's Widow. Lady A. 
(Florence, dau. of the late Capt.. Jules A. Sartoris), 
mar. 1886 Col. Sir Edmund Antrobua, 4th Bt., 
Gren. Gds. (d. 1915). 

ANTROBUS, Knight. Sir Reginald Lau- 
rence Antrohus, K.C.M.G. (1911), C.B. (Civ. 
1898), M.A., a Crown Agent for the Colonies, late 
an Assist. Under Sec. in Colon. Office, admind. 
Govt, of St. Helena 1889-90, has been Priv. Sec. 
to four For. Sees. : b. 1853. mar. 1894, 2nd wife, 
Edith Marion, dau. of Jno. P. Robinson. Ees., 
19 Cranley Gdns., S. Kens., S.W. 

ANTROBUS, Edwaed Gream, C.M.G. (1915), 
Ch. Accnt. and Ch. Clerk, Crown Agents for the 
Colonies, Whitehall. 

APLIN, Lt.-Col. Stephen Lushington, C.S.I. 
(1916), I. A., Commi-., Mandalay Div., Burma; 
Bui-ma 1887-8, Chin-Lushai 1889-90 : b. 1863. 

dur, CLE. (1917), Hon. Magistr., Thana Dist., 

CLE. (1913), Lt.-Col. in the Gwalior State 
Troops, Ch. Sec. to H.H. the Maharaja of 

APPELBE, Col. (temp. Br.-Gen.) Edward 
Benjamin, C.B. (Mil. 1902), C.M.G. (1917), late 
Assist. Dir. of Ordn. Stores at Woolwich ; Zululd., 
Soudan 1884-5 and 1888-9, ^^^ S. Africa i8gg- 
1902, ret. 1907 : b. 1855. Bes., The Grove, Cringle- 
ford, Norwich. 

APPERLEY, Newton Wynne, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1903), late Assist. Priv. Sec. to Marq. of 
Londonderry when Lord Lieut., formerly Capt. 
and Hon. Maj. MontgOm. Imper. Yeom. : 
b. 1846. Bes., South End, Dirrham. 



Directory of Peerage, 


APPERLY, Knight's "Widow. Lady A. 
(Maria, dau. of the late H. C. Paice), mar. 
1865 Sir Alfred Apperly (d. 1913). Ees., Rod- 
borough Ct., Stroud. 

APPERSON, George Latimer, I.S.O. (1903), 
Accountant in Scotch Educn. Dept., Editor of 
The Antiquary: b. 1857. -^e^-. Oakdene, Hay- 
wards Heath, Sussex. 

APPLETON, William A , C.B.E. (1917), Sec. 
Gen. Federation of Trade Unions. 

APPS, Engr.-Capt. William Richard, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), R.N., ret. 1912; Gambia 1894 
and 1901, S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1862. Bes., The 
Hawthorns, Bishop's Waltham, Hants. 

APSLEY, Lord {by courtesij— title. Baron A., 
Gt. Br. 1771), eld. son and heir of Earl Bathurst. 
ARBUCKLE, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Henrietta, dau. of Hy. Shire), mar. 1865 Bon. 
Sir William Arbuckle, Kt. Bach. , formerly Agent- 
Gen, for Natal in London (d. 1915). Bes., Pieter- 

ARBUTHNOT, Baronet. Sir Dalrymple 
Arhuthnot, 5th Bt. {U.K. 1823^, C.M.G. (1915), 
Col., temp. Br.-Gen., R.A., Expdtnv. Force, 
Chitral 1893, S. Africa 1899-1902: son of 3rd Bt., 
and bro. of 4th, who was killed in Battle of 
Jutland: b. 1867, sue, 1916, unmrrd. Heir pres., 
his bro., William Fitzgerald (b. 1875; 2nd 
heir, their 1st cous. Robert Edward Vaughan A., 
b. 1871). Club, Aimy and Navy. 

ARBUTHNOT, Baronet's Widow. Lady A . 
(Lina, dau. of the late Col. Alex. C. Macleay, 
C.B.), mar. 1897 Rr.-Adm. Sir Robt. Keith 
Arhuthnot, 4th Bt., K.C.B. (posthumous), M.V.O. 
(killed in the naval action off Jutland, 1916). 
Bes., 51 Elsworthy Rd., Hampstead, N.W. 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight. Sir George Godgh 
Arbuthnot, Kt. Bach. (1901), formerly partner 
in a merchant firm at Madras and a M.L.C. : 
b. 1848 (grandson of 1st Bt.), mar. 1873 Lsabella 
Albinia, dau. of the late Rev. the Hon. Richd. 
C. Boyle (son of 8th E. of Cork). 

ARBUTHNOT, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Constance Angelena, dau. of Sir Wm. Milman, 
3rd Bt.), mar. 1899, as 2nd wife. Sir Alex. J. 
Arbuthnot, K.C.S.I. (d. 1907). Bes., Newtown 
House, Newbury, Berks. 

ARBUTHNOT, Lt.-Col. Alexander George, 
C.M.G. (1917), D.S.O. (1915), R.F.A., Expdtny. 
Force : b. 1873. 

ARBUTHNOT, Maj.-Gen. Henry Thomas, 
C.B. (Mil. 1907), Col. and Hon. Maj.-Gen. retd. 
(1887), Crimea and Mutiny, formerly Supt. of 
Roy. Small Arms Factory, Enfield : b. 1834. Res., 
3 St. German's Terr., Blackheath, S.E. 

ARBUTHNOT, Maj. John Bernard, M.V.O. 
(5th Class, 1902), a Kt. of Grace St. John of 
Jerus. and an A.D.C.. at W. Office (Res. of 
officers), late Scots Gds. ; S. Africa 1900-1, has 
been A.D.C. to Gov. of Hong Kong : b. 1875 (gt. 
grandson of 2nd Bt.). Club, Carlton. 

ARBUTHNOTT, family name of following 
Viscounty, q.v. for " Hons." 

ARBUTHNOTT, Master of, title of heir to 
following Viscounty. 

ARBUTHNOTT, Viscount. Walter Charles 
Warner ^ri«?Ano«, 13th Vise. (^%or.), late Lt.-Col. 
R.A., served in Afghan War 1880 ; son of Capt. 
the late Hon. Walter Arbuthnot, grandson of 8th 
Vise, and 1st cous. of 12th ; b. Oct. 22, 1847 ; sue. 
1917; mar. 1878 Emma Marion Hall, dau. of the 

late Rev. John Hall Parlby. Seats, Aibuthnott 
House, Fordoun, Kincardinesh, ; Anniston, Ar- 

Creation. Vise. Arbuthnott and Bn. Inverbervie, Scot. 

1641.— The ist Vise, obtained his title for devotion to 

Charles I., having in the first place been knighted. 

Titled Relatives. 


Issue 0/ present (\yh) V.: 

Hon. Georgina Muriel A., b. 1881. 
Master ok Arri-thnot, heir to Barony; Hon. John 
Ogih-j' A., b. 1882, mar. 1914 Dorothy, dau. of Adm. 
Chas. Lister Oslev (Hon. Mrs, Arbuthnott). Res., 
Spotted Lake Rau'che, Mirror P.O., Alberta, Can. 
Hon. Robin Hugh Claud A., 2nd heir, Capt. Black 
Watch, b. 1884, mar, 1915 Katherine Alice, dau. of 
W. Tindall Lucas (Hon. Mrs. Robin ^-1.). 
Hon. Norah Gertrude A., b. 1885. 
Surviving dans, ofgt.h V. (ist. cous. of pres.) : 

Hon. Clementina, now Hon. Mrs. Alex. Stuart, b. 

Hon. Margaret A., b. 1854, Res., Torphins, Aber- 
— Dau.-in-law of 8th V. : 

Hon. Mrs. Hugh A. (Susannah Blorrison, dau. of 
the late Jno. Campbell), mar. 1854 the late 
Lt.-Col. Hon. Hugh A. (d. 1866). Res., Brookside, 
Newton-le-Willows, Lanes. 

ARBUTHNOTT, John Campbell, CLE. 
(1898), Assam (Sui-ma Valley) : 
b. 1858 (grandson of 8th Vise). Bes., Kilqu- 
hanity, Dalbeattie, lurkcudbtsh. 

Archambeault, Kt. Bach. (1914), LL.D., Ch. 
Justice of the Ct. of King's Bench, Quebec, and 
Prof, of Commercial and Slaritime Law at Laval 
Univ., has been Attor.-Gen., Quebec, and 
Speaker of Leg. Counc. : b. 1857, mar. 1882 Eliza- 
beth, dau. of R. Lelievre, of Quebec. 

ARCHDALE, Brig.-Gen. Hugh James, C.B. 
(Mil. 1902), late Lines. Regt. ; aftds. comdg. N. 
Midland Div. (Terr.), ret. 1911 ; Soudan 1885, 
Burma 1886-7, and S. Africa 1899-1902, late 
comdg. 76th Inf. Brig. : b. 1854. Bes., Packing- 
ton Hall, Ashby-de-la-Zouch. 

ARCHER, Lt.-Col. Charles, C.S.I. (1911), 
CLE. (1905), LA., retd. 1916; is attd. to Hqrs. ; 
Zhob Valley, has been Assist. Sec. to Ind. Govt. 
in For. Dept., now Judic. and Rev. Commissr., 
Baluchistan, prev. Polit. Agent Sibi : b. 1861. 
Bes., Quetta, Baluchistan. 

ARCHER, Geoffrey Francis, C.M.G. (1913), 
Col. Civ. Serv., Commissr. and Com.-in-Ch. 
Somaliland Protectorate : b. 1882. ii'es., Berbera, 

ARCHER, William John, C.M.G. (1902), 
Counc. of Siamese Legat. in London, formerly 
Judge of H.M.'s Court for Siam and Acting Cons, 
at Rio Grande do Sul, late a Judge of Mixed Ct. 
of First Instance, Egypt: b. i86i. Res., 23 Ash 
bui-n PL, S.W. 

ARCHIBALD, Knight. Sir William Fbkdk 
RICK Alphonse Archibald. Kt. Bach, (igiy) ; 
M.A., barrister-at-law. Master of the Sup. Ct., 
K.B. Div. 1890-1917, formerly Assoc. Inst. CE. 
and Chmn. of the London Prescribed Officers 
under Poor Persons Rules, 1914 ; memb. of 
Cmttee. of Seamen's Nat. Insur. Soc. ; has written 
and edited several well-known legal works ; son 
of the late Sir Thos. Dickson ^1., a Judge of Q.B. 
Div. : b. 1846, mar. 1873 Florence, dau. of the 
late C W. H. Wallroth. Address, Roy. Courts of 
Justice, W.C 

ARCOT— see " Ghulam." 

ARD, (Miss) Rachel Maud, M.B.E. (i?i7)> 
Comdt. Rusthall V.A.D. Hosp., Ohinbridge 


Baronetage, Knightage, dec. 

ARM 153 

ARDAGH, Bishop of — see " Kilmore." 

AEDEE, Lord {by court est/— title, Bn. A., Zrel. 
1616), eld. son and heir of E. of Meath. 

ARDEN, Baeon {Irel. 1770, U.K. 1802)— see 
"Egmont, E. of." 

name in line of succession of Haddington Earl- 
dom, otherwise BailUe-JUamUton. 

ARDFERT, Bishop of— see " Limerick." 

ARDLLAUN, Baron (title U.K. 1880), extinct, 
1915, surname Guinness. 

ARDLLAUN, Baron's Widow. The Lady A. 
(Lady Olivia Charlotte, dau. of 3rd Earl of 
Bantry), mar. 1871 the late Bn. Ardilaun, 1st and 
onlyBn. (d. 1915). i?««., Ashford, Co. Galway ; 
St. Anne's, Clontarf, Dublin. 

ARDRON, John, C.B. (Civ. 1906), A.M.I.E.E., 
late an Assist. Sec. in G.P.O., ret. igo6: b. 1843. 
Ees., Nordra, Elm Pk., Stanmore.Middx. 

ARDROSSAN, Baron {U.K. 1806)— see 
"Eglinton and Winton, E. of." 

ARDWALL, Lady, widow of Lord nf Session. 
Christian Robison (dau. of Jno. Gordon Brown) : 
mar. 1875 the late Andrew Jameson (d. igii), 
apptd. 1905 a Lord of Session with judicial title 
Hon. Lord Ardwall. Bes., Ardwall, Gatehouse, 
Kirkcudbtsh. ; 14 Moray PL, Edinburgh. 

ARGENTLNA, Bishop in. Rt. Rev. Edward 
Eeancis Every, D.D., formerly Curate of St. 
Paul, "West Hartlepool, and Vic. of New Seaham 
and of Bensham, Gateshead. Is 2nd heir to 
Every Btcy. : b. 1B62, cons. 1902 Bp. of Falkland 
Isles (Bishopric of Argentina formed from part of 
Dioc. igio). 7i'cs.,Passode Julio 675, Buenos Aires. 

ARGYLL. Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Kenneth Mac- 
kenzie, D.D.* Bp. of Argyll and the Isles, late 
Exam. Chapl. to Bp. of Brechin and Rect. of St. 
Paul, Dimdee (Provost 1905), formerly Curate of 
St. Mary RedcUffe, Bristol : b. 1863, cons. 1907. 
Ees., Dungallan, Oban, Argyllsh. 

ARGYLL, Dpke of. Niall Diarmaid Camp- 
bell, loth Duke (Scot., 3rd of U.K.) ; B.A., Herit- 
able Master of H.M.'sHousehd. inScotld., Keeper 
of Dunstaffnage, Dimoon and Carrick Castles, 
and Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland, Hered. 
High Sheriff and Vice-Lieut, of Argyllshire, 
Admiral of the Western Isles ; Hon. Col. 8th 
Batt. Arg. and Suthd. Highldrs. (Terr.) ; head of 
the house and clan of Campbell : son of the late 
Lord Archibald C. (see widow below) and 
nephew of 9th D. ; b. Feb. 16, 1872; sue. 1914 
[U.) ; unmi-rd. Seat, Inverary Castle, Argyllsh. ; 
town res., 28 Clarges St., W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Campbell, 1445 ; E. of Argyll, 57 '• 
Ld. Lome, 1470 ; D. of Argyll, M. of Lome (Lorn) and Kin- 
tyre, E. of Campbell and Cowall, V. of Lochow and Glenyla, 
and lid. of Inveraray, Mull, Morrern. and Tirie, 1701. Qi. 
Br. : Bn. Sundridge, 1766, and Bn. Hamilton of Hamel- 
doD, 1776. U.K. : D. of Argyll, 1892.— Sir Colin 
Campbell, of Lochow, who was knighted in 1380 by 
Alexander III., was called by the Gaelic title M;ic 
Cailen Mor— i.e., Mac Cailein or Colin the Great. Thip 
chief was slain in a conflict with the Lord of Lorn, but the 
two houses were in time united by marriage. Sir 
Coliu's descendants adhered to the fortunes of the 
Bruces, and oame to be created successirely Lords 
Campbell and Earls of Argyll. The 7th Earl long after- 
wards was made Ld. of Kintyre. The Sth received the 
title of Marq. of Ai-gyll, but it died with him, he being 
executed, with theiustrument termed ■" the Maideu,"for 
navmg supported Cromwell. The 9th was sentenced to 
the same fate for refusing to subscribe the Test Act ; he 
escaped from prison in the disguise of a page holding up 
the tram of his step-daughter, butwas taken in an attempt 

to invade Scotland, and the previous sentence was then 
cai-ried into effect. The loth Earl was oreatcd a I>uke m 
the Peerage of Scotland, and the and Duke an English 
Duke of Greenwich; the late Sth Duke nearly two 
centuries later obtained the U.K. Dukedom. The 
9th D., who married H.B.H. Princess Louise, dau. of 
Queen Victoria, was Gov.-Gen. of Canada. The British 
title of Bn. Sundridge was awarded to the 5th Duke, 
and his wife was shortly afterwards made Bnss. Hamil- 
ton of HameldoB in Leicestershire. 

Titled Kelatives. 
I Campbell.) 
Sist. of 2>reseitt {loth) D. (granted rank of Duke's 
dau. 1914). 
Lady Elspeth Angela C, b. 1873. 
Surviving issue 0/ 8th D. (aunts of present) : 

Lady Evelyn, now Lady £. Buillie-Bamilton, b. 1855, 
mar. 1886 James B.-B. (descendt. of 6th E. of 
Lady Prances, now Lady F. Balfour, b. 1858, mar. 
1879 the late CoL Eustace J. Anth. B. (d. ig")- 
Res., 32 Addison Rd., Kens., W. 
Ladv Mary Emma, now Lady M. Glyn, b. 1859, mar. 
1882 Rt. Rev. the Hon. Edwd. Carr ff., late Bp. of 
Peterborough, q.v., Glyn, Bp. retd. 
Lady Constance Harriet, now Lady Const. Emmott, 
b. 1864, mar. 1891 Chas. E. (d. 1910). Res., Tigh 
an rudba, Inveraray, Argyllsh. ; 19 Colhngham 



— Daus. -in-law : 

Lady Archibald C- (mother of present p.), ndc 

Janey Sevilla, dau. of tlie late Jas. H. 

Callandar, mar. 1869 Lord Archbd. Campbell 

(b. 1846, d. 1913). Res., Coombe Hill Farm, 

Kingston-on-Thames ; 14 Hill SI., Knightsbndge, 


Lady George G. (Sibyl Lascelles, dau. of the late Jas. 

B. Alexander), mar. 1879 Lord George Granville 

a, son of 8th Duke (b. 1850, d. 191S). Res., 

12 Bryanston Sqre. , W. 

Heir pres. to Dukedom (1st cous. of present D.) : 

Douglas Walter C, late Lt. Intell. Dept. B.E.F., 

prev. Ind.Expdtny. Fee. 1914-5. h 1877. son of the 

late Lord Walter (b. 1848, d. 1889), mar. 1899 

Aimee Marie Suzanne, who obtained a judic. sep. 

1908, dau. of the late John Lawrence, of New 

York (2ud heir, his son, lafi Douglas, b. 1903). 

ARGYLL, Dukes' Widows. (1) laa, Duchess 

OP A., V.A., R.R.C. (Ina Erskine, dau. of the 

late Ai-chibald McNeill, W.S., of Colonsay), 

formerly an Extra Bedchamber Woman and Sec. 

to Queen Victoria : mar. 1895, as 3rd wife, Sth 

D. of Argyll, K.G., K.T., F.R.8., an eminent 

statesman, orator, and scientist (b. 1823, d. 1900). 

lies., Macharioch, Campbeltown, Ai'gyllsh. ; 54 

Cadogan Sq., S.W. (2) H.R.H. the Princess 

Louise, Duchess OF A., widow of gth D. Ees., 

Roseneath, Dumbartonsh. (see Roy. Fam.). 

ARKLOW, Baron — see "Albany, H.R.H. 
Duke of " {U.K. 1881, Rot. Fam.) ; see also under 
"Ormonde, M. of." 

ARKWRIGHT, Rev. Ernest Henry, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1911), M.A., and Master at R. Nav. 
Coll., Dartmouth, prev. at Osborne and has been 
Asst. Chap, at CUfton Coll. : b. 1868. 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Francis, dau. of 
3id Vise. Sidmouth. 

ARKWRIGHT, Hon. Mrs. Georqb, dau. of 
3rd Bn. Kenyon. 

ARKWRIGHT, Lady Mary Caroline Char- 
lotte, dau. of 2nd E. of Strafford. 

ARLINGTON, Baron {Eng. 1664), and AR- 
LINGTON, Earl of (1672)— see "Grafton, D. of." 

ARMAGH, Archbishop of. His Grace the 
Most Rev. John Baptist Crozier, D.D., 111th 
Abp. of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland, 
has been Canon of St. Patrick's and Hon. Sec. to 
Gen. Synod of Ch. of Irel. : b. 1853, mar. 1877, 



Directory of Peerage, 


cons. Bp. of Ossory 1897, transl. to Down 1907 
and to Armagh 1911. Bes., The Palace, Armagh. 
*«• The Province of Armagh comprises the sees of 
Clogher, Derry, Liown, Kihnore. Meath, and Tuam. 

ARMAGH, Eakl op {Irel. 1799)— see H.E.H. 
Duke of Humherland fEor. Family). 

ARMIDALE, Bishop of. Bt. Rev. Went- 
WORTH Francis WentwnrtTi-Shields, D.D., has 
been Rector of St. James, t-ydney, Arohd. of 
Wagga-Wagga, and Exam. Chapl. to Bp. of 
Goulburn : b. 1867, apptd. 1916. 

ARMITAGE, Capt. Cecil Hamilton, C.M.G. 
(1911), D.8.0. (1901), Res. of Ofifrs., late 3rd Batt. 
S. Wales Borderers (Mil.) ; Ashanti 1900, now 
Chief Commissr. of the Northern Territories of the 
Gold Coast : b. 1869. Address, 76 Jermyn St., S.W. 
ARMITAGE, Brig.-Gen. Edward Hume, C.B. 
(Mil. 1912), R.A., attached to Hqrs. : Bunna 
1886-9, S. Africa. 1899-1901; b. 1859. Ees., 
Wilmington House, nr. Dartford, Kent. 

ARMSTRONG, Baron. William Henry Arm- 
strong FitzPatrick Watson- Armstrong, 1st Bn. 
of new creation (f7.ff.),T.D., M.A., Hon. D.C.L., 
a D.L. and C.C. for Northumbd. (High Sheriff 
1899), late Maj . N'thumb. Yeom., also late Dir. of 
Elswick Arsenal and of N.E. Rail., formerly a 
Commissr. of River Tyne : son of the late Jno. 
Wm. Watson, of Adderstone Hall, N'thumb., and 
gt. nephew of the late Bn. A. of former creation ; 
b. May 3, 1863; cr. Baron 1903(6*.); assumed 
name of Armstrong by licence 1889; mar. 1st, 
same year, Winifreda Jane (d. 1914), dau. of the 
late Gen. Sir Jno. M. Adye, G.C.B. ; 2ndly, 1916, 
Beatrice E., dau. of late Jonathan Cowx, of Tud- 
hoe. Seats, Bamburgh Castle and Cragside, 
Rothbmy, both N'thumb. 

Creations. U.K. : Bn. Armstrong, 1903 (former 

Peerage of same title lasted 1887-1900). 

Surviving Issue. 

( Watson-Arvistrong.) 

Hon. William John Montagu W..-A., heir to Bny., 

Capt. Northumb. Fus. (Terr.), Europ. War 1914-3, 

b. 1892, m. 1917 Zaida C^cile, dau. of Cecil Drum- 

moiid Wolff, sonof thelate Et. Hon. SirHy. D. W., 

G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs. W.-A.}. (No 2nd heir.) 

ARMSTRONG, Baronet of GaUen Priory. Sir 

Andrew Haevey Armstrong, 3rd Bt. {U.K. 

1841), served in S. Africa 1900-1, Capt. 5th 

Connaught Rang., formerly Capt. 3rd Bait. 

Leinst. Begt. (Mil.) : son of 2nd Bt., b. 1866, 

sue. 1899. Herr pres., his bro. Nesbitt William 

(b. 1875 ; and heir, latter" s son Andrew St. Clare, 

b. 1912). Bes., Gallen Priory, Ferbane, King's Co. 

ARMSTRONG, Baronet of London. Sir 

George 'Ei.i.iot Armstrong, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1892), 

C.M.G. (1917), Acting Com. R.N. (Emergency 

Ust), Dir. of Naval Press Bureau, part proprietor 

of the People, late editor of the Ololie : son of 

1st Bt., b. 1866, sue. 1907, mar. 1890 Edith Annie, 

dau. of the late Ad^lphus Fass. Heir, Bt.'s bro. 

Francis Philip (b. 1871 ; 2nd heir, latter's son, 

Philip Furlong, Sub-Lieut. R.N. , b. 1897). Seat, 

Winloed, Pangboume Hill, Berks. ; town res., 

24 Hans Rd., S.W. 

ARMSTRONG, Baronet's Widow of London. 
Dowager Lady A. (Alice FitzRoy, dau. of the 
late Rev. Chas. J. Furlong), mar. 1865 Capt. 
Sir Geo. C. H. Armstrong, 1st Bt. (d. 1907). Pes., 
39 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 
ARMSTRONG, Bishop— see " Wangaratta." 
ARMSTRONG, Knight (1). Sir Charles 
(Herbert) Armstrong, Kt. Bach. (1913), Pres. of 

Chamb. of Commerce : b. 1862, mar. 1896 Marie 
Louise Therese, dau. of the late Marcus C. C. 
Magrath, . of Liverpool. Res., Crane Moor, 
Bowdon, Cheshire. 

ARMSTRONG, Knight (2). Sir WALTEK^rm- 
strong, Kt.Bach. (1899), B.A., Hon. R.H.Acad., late 
Dir. of Nat. Gall, of Ireland, and is author of 
numerous works on art : b. 1850, mar. 1873 Emily 
Rose, dau. of Chas. C. Ferard. Pes., Ceanchor 
House, Howth, Co. Dublin. 

ARMSTRONG, Lt.-Col. Charles Johnstone, 
C.M.G. (1916), Canad. Engrs. ; Expdtny. Force. 

ARMSTRONG, Lt.-Col. John Cecil, C.M.G. 
(1916), A. Pay Dept. ; S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 

ARMSTRONG (WATSON-), family name of 
Armstrong Barony, q.v. for Hon. William. 

ARMYTAGE, Baronet. Sir George John 
Armytage, 6th Bt. {Ot. Br. 1738), F.S.A., a D.L. 
for W. Rid. and Chmn. Lanes, and Yorks. Rlwy., 
High Sheriff of Yorks. 1907-8 : son of 5th Bt., 
b. 1842, sue. 1899, mar., 1st, 1871 (wid. 1890); 
2ndly, 1893, Mary Georgiana, dau. of the late 
Henry A. Littledale. Herr, his son Lt.-Col. 
(temp. Br.-Gen.) George Ayscough A., D.S.O., 
q.v. (b. 1872 ; 2nd heir, latter's son John 
Lionel, b. 1901). Seat, Kirklees Pk., Brig- 
house, Yorks. ; town res., 27 Cambridge Sq., W. 

ARMYTAGE, Percy, M.V.O. (4th Class 1911 ; 
5th 1902), a Gentn. Usher to H.M.: b. 1853 (gt. 
grandson of 4th Bt.). Pes., 6 Buckingham Pal. 

ARNHEIM (VON), Edward Henry Silber- 
stein, I.S.O. (1911), Deputy Master of the Royal 
Mint, Sydney, N. S. Wales ; b. 1856. 

ARNOLD, Knight's Widow. ' Lady A. 
(Kurokawa Tama), a Japanese lady, mar. 1897, 
as 3rd wife. Sir Edwin Arnold, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., 
a distinguished orientalist and poet, author of 
' The Light of Asia,' &c. (d. 1904) . Pes., 59 Pr. of 
Wales Mansns., BatterseaPk., S.W. 

ARNOLD, Thomas Walker, CLE. (1912), 
M.A., Litt. D., India Office, Educ. Adviser to 
Indian Students since 1909, prev. Assist. Libra- 
rian and has been Prof, of Philosophy, Govt. 
Coll., Lahore: is Prof, of Arabic Univ. Coll., 
London : b. 1864. Pes., 24 Laimceston PL, S. 
Kens., W. 

ARNOTT, Baronet. Sir John Alexander 
Arnott, 2ndBt. {U.K. 1896), a D.L. for Co. Cork, 
late MaJ. and Hon. Lt.-Col. 4th Batt. Chesh. 
Regt. (Mil.): son of ist Bt., b. 1853, sue. 1898, 
mar. 1881 Caroline Sydney, dau. of Sir Fredk.M. 
WOliams, 2nd Bt. of TreguUow. Heir, his son 
Capt. John A., M.C., 15th Hussars (b. 1885; 2nd 
heir, next son, Lauviston John, Lt. C^imeronians, 
b. 1891). iJes., 12 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

Widow. Lady F.-A. (Emily Jane, dau. of the 
late Rev. Edwd. L. Fitzgerald), mar. 1872, as 
2nd wife. Sir Jno. Arnott, 1st Bt. (d. 1898, 
assumed 1902 the additl. name Fitzgerald). Pes., 
Woodlands, Cork ; Castlemartyr, Co. Cork ; 
Dunardagh, Blackrock, Co. Dublin. 

ARNOULD, Knight's Widow. Lady A. 
(Anne Pitoaim, dau. of the late Maj. Jno. W. 

iy, bas been a memb. of Viceroy's Carnegie, C.B.), mar. i85o, as 2nd wife. Sir Jos. 

Leg. Counc. and several times Chmn. of Bombay \ Amould, Judge of High Ct. Bombay (d. 1886). 


Baronetage, Knightage, <fcc. 

ABU 155 

AERAN (pron. Arn), Earl op. Arthur 
JocELYN Charles (?ore, 6th Earl [IreL) and a Bt., 
as Bn. Sudley {U.K.), K.P. (1909), P.O. 
[Ird. 1917) ; Maj. i?es. of Roy. Horse Gds., has 
been Lt.-Col. 15th Batt. Co. of London Begt. 
(Ten-.); and Lt.-Col. comdg. Officers' Traming 
Corps of Iieland, a Kt. of Grace St. John Jerus., 
served in Egyptn. Cav. 1896-7 and in S. Africa 
igoo: son of 5th E. ; b. Sept 14, 1868; sue. 
1901 (U.); mar. 1902 Maude Jacqueline Marie 
Beauclerk, a Lady of Grace St. John Jerus., 
dau. of Bn. Huyssen van Kathendyke, of the 
Hague. Seats, Ravensdale Park, Dundalk ; 
Hyde Hall, Sawbridgeworth, Herts.— See below 
for the Scottish Earldom of Arran, this title 
being taken from the islets of An-an. Co. Galway. 
Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1662 ; Vise. Sudley and Bn. 
Saunders, 1758; E. of Arran, 1762. U.K. : Bn. Sudley, i88d. 
—The 3rd Bt. was raised to tlie Peerage obtaining both 
Irish creations. The late 5th Earl was given the U.K. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {6tk} E. : 

Viscount Sudley, heir to Earldom : Arthur Paul 

John James Charles (?., b. 1903. 
Hon. Arthur Strange Kathendyke David Archibald 
©., znd heir, b. 1910. 
Issue of ^th E. (sists. and half-sist. of present) : 


Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth, now Ctss. of Airlie 

(q.v.. Widow), b. 1866, mar. 1886 8th Earl of A. (d. 

Lady Cicely Alice, now Mchnss. of Salisbury, b. 1867, 

mar. 1887 Vise. Cranhorne.uow 4th Marq. of S., q.v. 
(Present Earl, b. ^868.1 
Lady Esther Caroline Georgiana, now Viscountess 

Hamhleden, b. 1870, mar. 1894 Hon. Wm. F. 

Danvers Umith, now Visct. Hambleden, q.v. 


Lady Winifred Helena Lettice G. (" Lady Betsy G."), 
b. 1891. 
Surviving issue of j^th E. (aunts of present) : 
Lady Elizabeth Augusta (?., b. 1855. 
Lady MaiT Napier, now Lady M. Exoart, b. 1838, mar. 
1889 Herbt. Brisbane E. Res., 8 West Eaton 
PI., S.W. 
^REAN, Earl's "Widow. Winifred Countess 
OF A. (Winifred Ellen, dau. of the late Jno. 
ReUly, and widow of Hon. Jno. Mon'agu 
Stopford, Gren. Gds., son of 4thE. of Courtown), 
formerly a Lady-in- Waiting to H.R.H. Prss. 
Christian: mar. 1889, as 2nd wife, 5th E. of 
Arran, K.P. (d. 1901). Ses., Queen Anne's 
Mead, Windsor. 

ARRAN, Earl of (Scot. 1643) — see " Hamilton, 
D. of." 

AREOL, KxiokT's Widow. Lady A. (Elsie, 
dau. of the late James Robertsou\ mar. 1910, as 
3rd wife, Sir Wm. Arrol (d. 1913), late a M.P. 
and head of the Dalmamook Ironworks Co. 
Bes., Dennistoun. Glasgow ; Seafleld, Ayr ; 
Baron'.s Court, Bishop's Avenue, N.W. 

ARROWSMITH, William Carver Gordon, 
I.S.O. (igii), Ch: Clerk, Audit Office, Jamaica : 
b. 1847. Res., Kingston. 

ARTHUR, BARONETof Carlung. Sir Matthew 
Arthur, istBt. {U.K. 1903), a D.L. forAyrsh.and 
for Co. of City of Glasgow, Vice-Chmn. of Glasg. 
and S.W. Rail., Chmn. of .Arthur and Co. Ltd., 
of that city, and of W. of Scotland L.TJ. Assoc, 
also of Westn. Infirm. , Glasgow ; a memb. of Roy. 
Co. of iirchers : son of the late Jas. Ai-thur, Esq., 
b. i852,inar. 1879 Janet Stevenson Bennett, dau. 
of the late Alex. B. McGrigor. LL.D. Eeir, 
his son James Cecil, Lt. Ayrsh. Yeo. (b. 1883 ; 
2nd heir, latter's son Matthew, b. 1909). Seat, 
Carlung, West Kilbride, Ayrsh. : res., Fullarton, 
Troon, same Co. 

ARTHUR, Baronet of Upper Canada. Capt. 
SLtGeokoe Compton Archibald ^rf/(!(r, 3rd Bt. 
[U.K. 1841), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1909), Hon. Capt. 
in the Army, formerly Lieut. 2nd Life Gds., was 
Pte. Sec. of Sec. of State for War (Earl Kitchener 
of K.) : sei-ved in Egyptian and Nile Campaigns 
and in S. Africa igoo-i : son of 2nd Bt., b. i860, 
sue. 1878, mar. 1898 Kate Harriet, dau. of the late 
Horatio Brandon, and widow of Ai-thur R. 
Yates. Heir pres., his 1st cous. once rem. 
Edward Malcolm A. (b. 1874; 2nd heir, latter's 
son Georsre Malcolm A., b. 1908). Hts., 23 The 
Boltons, S. Kens., S.W. 

ARTHUR, Knight. Sir Allan Arthur, Kt. 
Bach. (1900), a Calcutta merchant, late Sheriff of 
that city and Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India, 
was Pres. Bengal Chamb. of Comm. 1894-1900 : b. 
1857. Address, c/o Messrs. Ewing and Co., Cal- 

ARUNDEL, Knight. Sir Arundel Tago 
Arundel, K.C.S.I. (1904), B.A., entered I.C.S. 
1865, late Ch. Sec. and Memb. Counc. -with Govt, 
of Madras, aftds. a Memb. Counc. of Viceroy, 
ret. 1906: son of the Lite Wm. Tagg, assumed 
surname of Arundel 1870; b. 1843, mar. 1875 
Catherine Helen, dau. of the late J. D. Sun, 
C.S.I. Bes., Uplands, Maybury Hill, Woking. 

ARUNDEL and SURREY, Earl of (titles, 
Arundel Eng. 1155 and 1433, Surrey 1483), 
courtesy title of heir to the Norfolk Dukedom 
when a son. 

ARUNDELL, family name of Arundell of 
Wardour Barony, q.v. for Hons. Cecily and 
Gertrude, but for Hon. Geo. V. A. Monckton- 
Arundell, see " Galway, 7th V." 

ARUNDELL. Count {HoJy Bom. Emp., abt. 
1595) — see "Arundell of Wardour" and "Clif- 
ford of Chudleigh," the title passing to both 
male and female descendts. 

ARUNDELL (MONCKTON-), family name 
of one representative of the Galway Viscoimty, 
more usually "Monckton " — see "Arundell" 

'Edga'R Cli¥forv> Arundell (pron. Arr'undel), 14th 
Bn. {Eng.), a Count of the Holv Roman Emp. 
(1595) : son of the late Theod. AnindeU, and 2nd 
cous. once rem. of 12th and 13th Bns. ; b. Dec. 20, 
1859; sue. 1907 {C); mar. 1896 EUen, dau. of 
the late John Thatcher and widow of J. 
Melbourne Evans. Bes;, Quantock View, Fid- 
ding-ton, Bridgwater, Som. 

Creation. Bn. Arundell of Wardour, Eng. 1605.— Sir 
Thos. Arundell obtained his German title for services in 
the Imperial army in Hungary, when he took the 
standard of the Turks with his own hand ; on his return 
home he was created ist Bn. Ai-undell. The 3rd Bn. 
suflFered five years' imprisonment from the false accusa- 
tion of Titus Oates, but on his liberation he was 
appointed Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and entered 
on the Privy Council. 

Titled Relatives and Heir. 
Surviving issue of lith Bn. (2nd cous, once rem. 
of present) : 


Hon. Cecily Mary A., a nun, b. 184s. 
Hon. Gertrude Mary A., b. 1848. 
Heir pres. to Barony (bro. of present Peer) : 

Gerald Arthur A., b. 1861, mar. 1906 Ivy, dau. 

of the late Capt. W. F. Segrave. Res., with Dow. 

Buss. (2nd heir, his son John Francis, b. 1907.) 


Widow. Ajme,LADY A. of W. (Anne Lucy, dau. 



Directory of Peerage, 


of Jno. Errington), mar. 1862 I2tli Bn. Anlndell 
of W. (d. 1906). Res., Wardour Castle, Tisbuxy, 
ASAF— see "Ind. Titles." 
ASH (BERESFORD-\ Lady Flobencb 
Marion, dau. of 5th M. of Sligo. 

ASHBOUENE, Baron. William Gibson, 2nd 
Bn. (f/.A'.),M.A.,J.P. forcnties.Meath&Dublin: 
son of 1st Bn.; b. Dec. 16, 1868; sue. 1913 (C.) ; 
mar. 1896 Marianne, dau. of the late M. Henri 
R. C. de Monbrison, of Paris. Res., Moorburst, 
Holmwood, Sm-rey. 

Creation. Bn. Ashbourne, U.K. 1885. The 1st Peer 
was three times Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 
Titled Relatives. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (bros. and sists. of 
present) : 
(Present Bajion, b. 1868.) 

Hon. Elizabeth Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Orde-Powlett, 
b. 1871, mar. 1893 Hon. Wm. G. Algar O.-P., M.P., 
son and heir of 4th Bn. Bolton, q.v. 
Hon. Edward Graves Mayne O., heirpres. to Bny., 
M.A., barrister-at-law, late Lieut, sth Batt. Leiust. 
Kegt. b. 1873, mar. 1900 Mary Philips, dau. of the 
late Hy. R. Greg (Hon. Mrs. G.). Res., Highlands, 
Haslemere, Surrey ; Lee, Devon, (znd heir, his 
son Edward Russell, a Nav. Cadet, b. 1901.) 
Hon. (Ernest) Victor G., barrister-at-law. Com. 
R.N V.R., late Lieut. Imper. Yeom., served in S. 
Africa 1900 and 1902 : b. 187s, mar. 1909 (2nd wife), 
Caroline, dau. of Frederic de Billier, of New York 
(Hon. Mrs.Victor G.). Res.. Knoll, Peaslake, 
Guildford, .Surrey. 
Hon. Violet Albina G.,h. 1876. 

Hon. Frances Maud, now Hon. Mrs. Alexander 
Porter, b. 1880, mar. 1904 Alex. Horsbrugh P., 
son of Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew M. Porter, Bt. Res., 
Rocksavage, Foxrock, Dublin. 
Hon. Constance Anna 0.. b. 1881. 
ASHBOURNE, Baron's Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A. (Frances Mary Adelaide, dau. of the 
late Henry C. Colles), mar. 1868 Edward Gibson, 
crea. 1st Bn. Ashbourne 1885, d. 1913. Res., 5 
Grosvenor Cresc, S.W. 

ASHBEOOK, Viscount. Robert Thomas 
Flower, Sth Vise. {Irel.), formerly Maj. and 
Hon. Lt.-Col. Queen's Co. Militia : son of 5th V. 
and bro. of 6th and 7th ; b. April 1, 1836; sue. 
1906; widower, having mar. 1866 Gertrude 
Sophia (d. 1911), dau. of the late Eev. Sewell 
Hamilton. Seat, Castle DuiTow, Queen's Co. ; 
res., Knookatrina House, Duitow, Queen's Co. 

I successor obtained the Viscounty. 

Issue of present (Sth) V. : 

Hon. Frances Mary, now Hon. Mrs. Ernest White, 

mar. 1899 Gladys Lucille Beatrice, dau. of Gen. 
Sir Geo. W. A. Higginson, G.C.B. (Hon. Mrs. 
Flower). Club, Carlton. (2nd heir, his son Des- 
mond Llowarch Edward, b. 1905. ) 

Hon. Reginald Henry F., b. 1871, m. 1901 Kate, dau. 
of Col. Cumming [Hon. Mrs. Reginald F.). 

Hon. Eva Constance Gertrude F., b. 1874. 

Hon. Gertrude F. b. 1880. 

ASHBURNER, Lt.-Col. Lionel Forbes, M. V.O. 
(4th Class, 1906), D.S.O. (1900-1.), Roy. Fus., late 
a Bgde. Comdr., was Bgde.-Maj. Nasirabad 
Bgde. ; S. Africa 1900, Dardanelles (on Stall'): 
b. 1874. Chill, Army and Navy.' 

ASHBUENHAM, family name of f ollg. 
Earldom, q.v. for Lady Mary Catherine. 

ASHBUENHAM, Baronet — see " Clement 
( Ashbumham-) . " 

ASHBUENHAM {pron. Ash'bumham), Earl 
of. Thomas Ashbumham, 6th Earl {Gt. Br.), 
late Capt. 7th Hussars, served in Egypt 1882, and 
has been A.D.C. to two Viceroys of Ireland : 
son of 4th E. and bro. of 5th ; b. April 8, 1855 ; 
sue. 1913 ((7.) ; mar. 1903 Maria Elizabeth, dau. 
of W. H. Anderson, of Fredericton, New Biims- 
wick. No heir or other issue. Seats, Ashbumham 
PL, Battle, Sussex; Barking Hall, Needham 
Mkt., Suffk. ; Pembrey, Burry Port, Carmarths. 

Creations. Bn. Ashbumham, Eng. 1689 ; E. of Ash- 
bumham and Vise. St. Asaph, Gt. Br. 1730.— King 
Wilham III. created this Peerage. The ist Bn.'s grand- 
father had been committed to the Tower by Cromwell 
for aiding King Charles's escape from Hampton Court in 
1647. The 3rd Bn,, who had been Gentleman of the 
Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales, obtained the higher 

Titled Relatives. 
Dau. of the late (yh) E. (niece of present) : 
Lady Mary Catherine Charlotte ^-1., b. 1890. 
Surviving issue of 4th E. (gists of present) : 

Lady Margaret, now Lady M. Bickersteth, b. 1851, 

mar. 1882 Jno. Jos. B., son of late Bp. of Ripon. 

Res., Cottingham House, Hull. 

(Present Earl, b. 1855.) , ^ ^ „ - 

Lady Mary, now Viscountess Enuisford, b. 1859, mar. 

[883 Hon. Sydney Geo. Holland, now and Vise. 

— Dau.-iii-law remarrd. 

Mrs. Geoffrey Grose (Maud Mary, dau. of the late 
Chas. Royal-Dawson), mar. istly, 1907. Hon. Jno. 
Ashbumham (d. 1912). zndly, 1914, G. Yates G. 
Res., 17 Kensington MnMis., Trebovir Rd., S.W. 

ASHBURNHAIM,- Knight's Widow. LAoy 
A. (Urith Amelia, dau. of the late Capt. Geo. B. 
Martin, C.B., E.N.), mar. 1864 Maj.-Gen. Sir 
Cromer A., K.C.B. (d. 1917). Res., 165 Colehome 
Ct., Sth. Kens., S.W. 

ASHBUETON, Baron. Francis Denzil 
Edward Baring, 5th Bn. (U.K.), a D.L. for 
Hants, and Maj. Hants. Yeom.: son of ' 4th 
Bn. ; b. July 20, 1866; sue. 1889 (C.) ; mar., 1st, 
same year, the late Hon. Mabel Edith Hood (d. 
1904), dau. of 4th Vise. Hood; 2ndly, igo6, 
Frances, dau. of Mr. J. C. Donnelly, of New 
York. Seat, The Grange, Alresford, Hants. 

Creation. Bn. Ashburton, U.K. 1835.— The ist Bn., 
who was President of the Board of Trade and Master of 
the Mint, was 2nd son of Sir Fras. Baring, ist Bt., and 
was uncle of the ist Bn. Northbrook and of the ist 
Earl of Cromer and ist Bn. Revelstoke (see fuller pedi- 
gree under the family name). An earlier Ashburton 
Barony, extinct in 1823, was held by the family of 
Dunning, to whom that of Baring became united by 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present (5th) Bn. : 

Hon. Venetia Marjorie Mabel B., a Maid of Honour 

to the Queen, b. 1890. 
Hon. Aurea Vera, b. 1891, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. 
Balfour,, 1917 Capt. C. Jas. B., Scots Gds., 
grands of sth E. of Antrim. 
Hon. Angela Mildred B., b. 1893. 
Hon. Violet Alma Madeline B., b. 1895. 
Hon. Alexander Francis St. Vincent B., heir to 
Barony, 2ud Lt. Drgns., b. 1898. (2nd heir, his 
uncle Hon. Frederick. ) 
Surviving issue of ^th Bn. (bros. and *ist. of 
present) : 
(Pre.sent Baron, ' ~" ' 

Hon. Frederick Arthur B., Capt. Hants. Yeom. 

890 Laura Louisi . 

Uobton (Hon. Mrs. Frederick B.). Res., The 

dau. of Fredk. 

1867, mar. 1890 Laura 
_obton (Hon. Mrs. Free 
Grange Cottage, Stoke Manor, Alresford, Hants. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

ASH 157 

Hon. Alexander Henrf B., b. 1869. Reg., Stoke 

JIanor, Alresford, Hants. 
The deceased Guy Victor B., Maj., temp. Lt.-Col.. 

Coldstrm. Gds. , served in S. Africa 1899-1901 : b. 

— Dau.-in-law : / 

Hon. Mrs. Guv B. (Olive Alethea, dau. of Hugh Colin 
Smith), mar. 1903 the late Hon. Guy £., as above. 
'n. (aunt of present) : 

: Louisa Anne, now Ochss. of Orafton, b. 

1833, mar. 1858 the late 6th Duke of G., see "Grafton, 
Duke's Wid." 

ASHBURTON, Baron's "Widow. The Dowager 
Lady A., nee Hon. Leonora Caroline Dighi/, dau. 
of Qth Bn. Digby, K 1844, mar. 1864 4th Bn. 
Ashbm-ton (d. 1889). Res., 16 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

ASHBY, Knight'jj Widow. Lady A. 

(Catherine Magenis, dau. of the late F. R. 
Maxwell), mar. 1873 the lite Sir James "William 
Murray Ashby, K.C.B., Paymr.-in-Ch., R.N. 
(d. 1911). Res., Little Park, Ninfleld, Battle, 

ASHBY, Col. George Ashby (name doubled), 
C.B. (Mil. 1900-1), late D. of Cornwall's L.I., 
has been Comdt. Discharge Depot, Gosport ; now 
Lt.-Col. comdg. a Batt. Cheshire Begt., prev. a 
Batt. Durham L.I. ; Egypt, Nile, and S. Africa 
1899-1902, ret. 1909 : b. 1856. 

ASHBY ST. LEDGERS, Bakon {U.K. 1910), a 
title of the present Bn. "Wimbome, who was 
raised to the peerage as Lord A. St. L. during 
the lifetime of his father. 

ASHCOMBE, Bakon. Henry Guhitt. 2nd 
Bn. [U.K.), C.B. (Civ. 1911), T.D., M.A.,Coi. late 
comdg. Surrey Yeom., formerly a M.P., is Lord- 
Lieut, of Surrey and Pres. of the Co.'s. Territ. 
Force Assoc. : son of 1st Bn. : b. March 14, 1867 ; 
sue. 1917 (C.) ; mar. 1890 Maud Marianne, dau. 
of the late Col. Archib. M. Calvert. Seats, 
Fallapit, Blaokawton, Devon ; Denbies, Dorking ; 
town res., 17 Prince's Gt., S."W. 
Creation. Bn. Ashcombe, U.K. 1892: 
TiTLLD Relatives. 
Surviving issue 0/ present (2nd) Bn. : 

(The deceased Hon. Henry Archibald C, Capt. 

Cold-tr Gds.. b. 1892. killed in action 1916.) 
Hon. Alice. George C'„ heir to Barony, Lieut, isth 

Hus3.. b' 1894. 
Hon. WiUiam Hugh C, 2nd heir, Lieut. Dgns., b. 

Hon. Eoland Calvert C, b. 1899. 
Hon. Archibald Edward C, b. iqoi. 
Hon. Charles Guy C, b. 1903. 
Surviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Helen Laura C, b. 1855. Res., Lyncourt, Tor- 
Hon. Mary A^nes, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Chichester. 
b. 1857, mar. 1884 Rev. Canon Edwd. Arthur C. 
Res. , The Vicarage, Dorking. 
Hon. Adelaide Laura, now Hon. Mrs. Richd. Fuller- 
Maitland. b. 1861, mar. 1891 Richd. Anth. F.-M. 
Res., 38 Hans PI., Sloane St., S.W. 
Hon. Mildred Sophia, now Hon. Mrs. George Tallents, 
b. 1863, mar. 1B83 Geo. Wm. T. Res., 49 Warmck 
Sq., S.W. 
(Present Baron, b. 1867.) 

Hon. Beatrice Hayward, now Hon. Mrs. Wm. Cal- 
vert, b. 1868, mar. iSgi Wm. Archib. C. Res., The 
Old House, Coolham, Horsham. 

ASHDO"WN. George Henry, LS.O. (1915), 
Assist. Dir. of Stores, Admiralty. 

ASHFORD, Baeon {Eng. 1697)— see "Albe- 
marle, E. of." 

ASHFORD, Cyril Ernest, M."S^0. (4th Class, 
1911), M.A., Head Master R. Nav. Coll., Dart- 
mouth since 1905, prev. at Osborne: b. 1867. 

ASHLEY (in full ASHLEY-COOPER, but the 
second name appears to be practically dropped), 
family name of the Shaftesbury Earldom, 
q.v. for " Ladies " and " Hons.," also below. 

ASHLEY, Knight. Sir William Ashley, Kt. 
Bach. (1917), M. A., Prof, of Commerce and Dean 
of the Faculty of Comm., Birmingham Univ., is 
author of numerous well-known works on econo- 
mics and history : b. i85o, mar. 1888 Margaret, 
dau. of Geo. Birkbeck Hill, D.C.L. Res.,' 3 
Yateley Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham. 

ASHLEY, Lord (Vy co«?-«esj/— title. Baron A. 
En(i. 1661), son and heir of the Earl of Shaftes- 

ASHLEY, Lady Alice Elizabeth, dau. of 3rd 
E. of Enniskillen and widow of Rt. Hon. Evelyn A. 

ASHLEY, Frederick Morewood, I.S.O. 
(1911), late Ch. Clerk in National Debt Office : b. 
1846. Res., Cotswold, Merrow, Guildford. 

ASHMAN, Baronets' "Widows. (1) Dow. 
Lady A. (Eliza, dau. of Fredk. G. Lorinzen), mar. 
1874 Sir Herbert Ashman, 1st Bt., 1st Lord 
Mayor of Bristol (d. 1914). (2) Lady A. (Alice 
Ethel, dau. of Wm. Ansell Todd), mar. 1898 Sir 
Frederick H. A., 2nd and last Bt. (d. 1916). 
Res., Cook's Folly, Stoke Bishop, Bristol. 

ASHMORE, Knight's Widow. Lady ^. 
(Dorothy Emily Augusta, dau. of the late Rev. 
Chas. J. K. Shaw), mar. 1897 Sir Alex. Murray 
Ashmore, K.C.M.G., Lt.-Gov. and Colon. Sec. Cey- 
lon (d. 1906). Res., The Temple Trees, Colombo, 

ASHMORE, Col. (temp. Maj. -Gen.) Edward 
Bailey, C.M.G. (1916), M.V.O. (4th CTass, 1911), 
R.A.. a Bgde. Comdr.,'now a Comdr. at Hqrs., 
has been a Wing Comdr. R. Flying C. and 
Asst. Mil. Sec. to Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton at 
Malta ; S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1872. Club, Army 
and Navy. 

ASHMORE, William Caldwell, CLE. 
(1913), Dep. Sec. to Govt, of Ind., Mil. Finance 
Dept. : b. 1866. 

ASHTON, family name of undermentioned 
Barony of Ashton op Hyde, q.v. for " Hons." — 
not of f ollg. 

ASHTON, Baron. James Williamson, 1st 
Bn. (J7.B:.),amanufacturer.aD.L.forLancs.,was 
High Sheriff 1885, M. P. 1886-95: son of the late 
Jas. Williamson, of Parkfield ; b. Deo. 31, 1842; 
cr. Bn. 1895 [L.) ; mar., 1st, 1869, the late Mar- 
garet (d. 1877), dau. of the late Jos. Gatey ; 
2ndly, 1880, the late Jessy Heni-ietta (d. 1904), 
dau. of the late Jas. Stewart, of Clapham, Yorks ; 
3rdly. 1909. Florence Maude, widow of Col. J. 
Lawson 'Whalley, and dau. of the late Rev. R. 
Daniel. Heir, none. Seafs, Ryelands, and Ashton 
Hall, both nr. Lancaster; town res., Alford 
House, Prince's Gt., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Ashton, U.K. 1895. 
Surviving Issue. 
( Williamson.) 
Hon. Eleanor (Ella), now the Viscountess Peel, b. 
1872, mar. 1899 2nd Visct., q.v. 

ASHTON, Knight. Sir Ralph Percy Ashton, 
Kt. Bach. (19U), Pres. of the Alining and Geolog. 
Institute, Calcutta, is Maj. T. F. Res., has been 



Directory of Peerage, 


a memb. of Viceroy's Leg. Counc. and a Trustee 
of Port of Calcutta : b. i85o, mar. 1900 Emma, 
dau. of Robt. F. Rendell. Res., The Quarry, 
Oxted, Surrey. 

ASHTON, Pbiv. Couko. Et. Hon. Thomas 
Ashton, P.O. {{Gt. Br. 1917), Gen. Sec. to Miners' 
Federation since 1889, and formerly a coal miner, 
is Joint Sec. of Eng. and N. Wales Fed. Area 
Conciliation Bd., and has been Gen. Sec. of 
Internat. jVIinei's' Fed. : b. 1844, mar. 1865. Res., 
1461 Ashton Old Rd., Manchester. 

ASHTON OF HYDE. Baron. Thomas Gair 
Ashton, 1st Bn. (f^.A'.), M.A., a M.P. 1885-6 
and 1895-1911 (latterly Chmn. of Standing Orders 
Cmttee.) ; son of the late Thos. Ashton, of Hyde : 
b. Feb. 5, 1855, cr. Bn. 1911 (L.) ; mar. i'886 
Eva Margaret, dau. of the late John Hy. James. 
Seats, Hyde, Cheshire ; Vinehall, Roberrsbridge, 
Sussex; town res., 39 Prince's Gdns., S.W. 
CitEATioN. Bn. Ashton of Hyde, U.K., igit. 
Hon. Marion Evelyn, now Hon. Mrs. Robert Wood, 
b. 1890, mar. 1913 Maj. Robert W., R. Warwioksh. 
Hon. Margaret Joan A., b. 1893. 
Hon. Thomas Henry Raymond A., sole heir to Bny., 
b. 1901. i 

ASHTOWN, Baron. Frederick Oliver Trench, 
3rd Bn. (Trel.), late a Repres. Peer of Ireld., 
a D.L. for Co. Galway : grandson of 2nd Bn. 
and son of Hon. Fredk. S. C. Trench, who died 
without succeeding; b. Feb. 2, 1868; sue. 1880; 
mar. 1894 Violet Grace, dau. of Col. Robt. A. G. 
Cosby. Seats, Glenahira Lodge, Co. "Waterford, 
nr. Clonmel; Woodlawn, Co. Galway. 

Creation. Bn. Ashtown, Irel. 1800.— The 1st Peer was 
M.P. for Portarlington. The present Lord Ashtown 
was in 1908 elected a Representative Peer, but as he ob- 
tained an equal number of votes with Lord Farnham, 
tiie decision in his favour was made by the process of 
drawing lots by the Clerk of the Parliaments. Lprd 
Farnham also was elected it a vacancy occurring in 
close sequence. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {3rd) Bn.: 

The deceased Hon. Frfderic Sydney T., Lieut. 

King's Roy. R,C.. h. 1894, killed in action 1916. 
Hon. Grace Mary T., b. 1896. 
Hon. Robert Power T., heii to Barony, 2nd Lieut. 

3rd Roy. W. Surrey Regt., b. 1897. 
Hon. Arthur Cosby T., znd heir, b. 1899. 
Hon. Dudley Oliver T., b. 1901. 
Bro. and sists. of present Bn, (granted rank of 
Bns.' children 1889): 
(Present Baron, b. i858.) 
Hon. William Cosby T., High Sheriff of Co. Limerick 

o?i ' " ' " " 

T. ). Res. , Clouodfoy Castle, Kiifinane, Kilmallock, 

Co. Limerick. 
Hon. Charlotte Anne, now Hon. Mrs. Alan Smythe, 

b. 1871, mar. 1903 Capt. Alan Theodore S. Res., 

10, Lansdowne Rd., Dublin. 
Hon. Sarah May, now Hon. Mrs. Green-Wilki-nsmi, b. 

1873, mar. 1904 Br. -Gen. Lewis Fredc. G.-W-, 

D.S.O., q.v. 
— Sist. -in-law : 

Mrs. Ronald MacLachlan (Elinor Mary, dau. of Dr. 

J. C. Co.^, of N.S. W.), mar. 1905, and husb., the late 

Hon. Sydney T. (d. same year), 3rdly, 1908, the late 

Br.-Gen. R. Campbell ilfaci. (killed in action 1917). 

iJes., Lang House, Winchester. 
Son of 2nd Bn. (uncle of present) : 

Hon. Cosby Godolphin T., formerly Capt. ist Drgn3. 

and Maj. King's Co. MiUtia, High Sheriff of Tip- 

perary 1886. is a D.L. for same : b. 1844, mar. 1873 

Maria, dau. of Sir Richd. Musgrave, 4th Bt. of 

Tourin (Hon. Mrs. Cosby T.). Res., Sopwell Hall, 

Clouglijordan, Co. Tipperary. 

— D'lu.-in-law (mother of present Bn.) : 

Lady Anne T. inie Le-Poer-Treuch), dau. of 3rd B. of 
Claucarty, b. 1839, mar. 1867 the late Hon. Fredk. 
Sydney Chas. T., father of present Bn. (d. 1879). 

(1917), barr.-at-law, a Puisne Judge of the High 
Ct., Bengal. 

(1911J, C.S.I. (1909), M.A., Doct. of Laws, 
a Puisne Judge of the High Ct. of Bengal (" Hon. 
Mr. Justice Mukharji " 1 and Vice-Chanc. of Cal- 
cutta Univ., a memb. of the Univ. Commsn. ; is 
Pres. of Asiatic Soc. of Bengal : b. 1864. Ees., 
Bhowanipur, Calcutta. 

ASKE, Knight. Sir Robert "William Aske, Kt. 
Bach. (1911), LL.D., barrister-at-law, Lt.-Col. 
comdg. 5th Batt. E. Yorks. Regt. (Terr.), and a 
Me.i.b. E. Riding T.F. Assoc, was Dep. Sheriff 
1906 and 1908, has three times unsuccessfully 
contested Hull, Central Div., as a Lib. : b. 1872. 
Zi'es.,.Saxby Ho., The Park, HuU. 
■ ASKWITH, Knight. Sir George Ranken 
Askwit/i, K.C.B. (Civ. 1911), M.A., Hon. D.C.L., 
K.C. (1908), Mayor of St. Ives, 1913, has been 
connected tor some years with the Board of Trade, 
now Ch. Industrial Commissr., prev. Comptroller 
of the Gen. Commercial. Lab. and Statistical 
Depts., has acted as arbitrator in innumerable 
trade disputes: b. 1861, mar. 1908 Ellen, dau. of 
Archibald Peel and wid. of Maj. H. Graham. 
Res., The How, St. Ives, Hunts. ; 12 Hans Cresc, 
S.W. ; chambs., 2 Pump Ct., Temple, E.G. 

ASKWITH, Lt.-Col. Henry Francis, C.M.G. 
(igi6), R.A. ; Expdtny. Force, S. Africa, 1899- 
1900: b. 1865. 

ASPINALL, Knight. Sir John Audley 
Frkdekiok AsiJinaU, Kt. Bach. (1917), M.Inst. 
C.E., M.I.8.I., Past Pres. Inst. Mech. Engrs., a 
Kt. of Giaee St. John of Jerus., Gen. Manager 
Lanes, and Yorks. Rail, memb. Rail. Exec. 
Comttee. in charge of all rlys. controlled by Govt, 
during the War, is Lt.-Col. Engr. and Rail. 
Staff Corps ; son of late John B. Aspinall, Q.C. : 
b. 1851, mar. 1874. Res., Gledhill, Moseley Hill 
Drive, Sefton Pk., Liverpool. 

ASPINALL, Lt.-Col. Cecil Faber, C.M.G. 
(1916), D.S.O. (1917), R. Mun. Fus. ; a G.S.O., 
1st Grade, Medit. Expdtny. Force, Ashanti 1900, 
S. Africa 1901-2, N.W. If^iont. 1908 : b. 1878. 

ASQUITH, Priv. Counc. Rt. Hon. Herbert 
nanRY Asouith, 'B.C. (Gt. Br. 1892; Irel. 1916), 
K.C. (1890)', B.A., LL.D., D.C.L.,F.R.S., M.P. for 
E.Fife [L.), late Prime Min. and First Lord 
of the Treasry. (1908-16) and a memb. of War 
Council (prev.' Chanc. of Exchequer), was also 
(1914 and 1915 temp ) Sec. of State for War, an 
Eccles. Commissr., an Elder Bro. of Trin. House, 
and a memb. of Cmttee. of Counc. on Scott. 
Educn., formerly Sec. of State for Home Dept., 
has been Lord Rector of Glasgow and Aberdeen 
Univs. : b. 1852, mar. 1894, 2nd wife, Emma Alice 
Margaret, dau. of Sir Chas. Tennant, 1st Bt., and 
sister of 1st Bn. Glenconner. Res., 21 Abingdon 
St., S.W. ; chamb., 1 Paper Bdgs., Temple, E.C. 

ASQUITH, Lady Cynthia, dan. of loth E. of 
Wemyss, and dau.-in-law of preceding. 

ASSAM, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Herbert 
Pakenham Walsh, D.D., 1st Bp. ; was Warden 
of Bishop Cotton School, Bangalore, at time of 
cons. Is the author of several religious works : 
b. 1871, son of the late Bp. of Ossoi-y, mar. 1916, 
cons. 1915. 


Baronetage, Knightage, (i;c. 

ATH 159 

ASSER, Knight. Maj.- (temp. Lt.-) Gen. Sir 
Joseph John Asser, K.C.V.O. (igi?)- C.B. (Mil. 
1915), Dorset Kegt., a Base Comdt., Expdtny. 
Force, Nile Expdtn., 1897-8-9, Sudan 1910: b. 
1867, mar. 18— Leila U'otherspoon, of New York. 
ASTBURY. Hon. Sir John Meir Asthu>;i/, 
Kt. Bach. {1913), M.A., B.C.L., offleiaUy " Mr. 
Justice Astbury," a Judge of the Chanc. Div. of 
the High Ct., formerly a M.P. (X,), apptd. Q.C. 
1895 : b. i860, mar. 1888 Evelyn, dau. of the late 
Paul Susmann, of Manchester. Bfs., Turville Ct., 
Henley-un-Thames ; 8 Prince's Gt., S.W. 

ASTLEY, family name of Hastings Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons." For Astleij-Corbett, see " Cor- 
bett" (late Astley Baronetcy). 

ASTON, Knight. Maj .-Gen. Sir George 
Grey Aston, K.C.B. (Mil. 1913), late Col. 
Comdt. E.M.A., comdd. R. Marine Art. Div., 
Soudan 1884, and S. Africa 1899-1900 ; has been a 
Pi-ofessor at the Roy. Nav. College, a D.A.A.G. 
Staif Coll., and Brig.-Gen. on Gen. Staff, S. 
Africa, ret. 1917: late an A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 
1861, mar. 1909 Dorothy Ellen, dau. of Viee- 
Adm. W. Wilson. Cltih, Nav. and Mil. 

ASTOR, family name of following Viscty. , q^v. 
for " Hons." and Lady Violet. 

ASTOR, Viscount. William Waldor? Astor, 
1st Vise. {U.K.), barrister-at-law, an author, 
formerly a memb. of New York Legist, and later 
(1882-5) U.S. Min. to Italy; a generous bene- 
factor to Prince of Wales' s and other War Funds ; 
son of the late John Jacob Astor: b. Mar. 31, 
1848 (in New York), became naturalised 1890, 
crea. a Bn. 1916. Vise. 1917 (C), widower, 
having mar. 1878 Mary Dahlgren (d. 1904), dau of 
Jas. W. Paul, of Philadelphia. Hint, Hever 
Castle, Edenbridge, Kent; town res., 18 Carlton 
House Terr., S.W. 

Ckeations. Bn. Astor, of Hever Castle, U.K. 1916 ; 
Vise. Astor of Hever Castle, U.K. 1917. 
I Astor. )_ 
Hon. Waldorf A., heir to Viscounty, B. A., M.P. for 
Plymouth {('.), Hon. Maj. late Devon Yeo., is a Gov. 
of Guy's Hosp., Uosp. for Sick Children, and the 
Peabody Trust, b. 1879, mar. 1906 Nancy Witcher, 
dau. of Chiswell D. Langhome, of Greenwood, Vir- 
ginia, and wid. of llobt. G. Shaw (Hon. Mrs. A.), 
ties., Cliveden. Taplow, Bucks. ; 4 St. James's Sq., 
S.W. (znd heir, his son William W.aldoif, b. 1907). 
Hon. John Jacob A., Capt. ist Life Gds., Europ. 
War from 1914, prev. A.D.Q. to Lord Haxainge 
in India, b. 1886, mar. 1916 Lady Charles Mercer 
Nairm, nie Lady Violet Mary ELHot, dau. of the 
late 4th E. of Miuto and Countess Minto and wid. 
of Lord Chas. Mercer A^, son of sth Marq. of 
Lansdowne. Res., ii Hyde Pk. Terr., S.W. 
Hon. Pauline, now Hon. Mrs. Spender-Claij, mar. 
1904 Capt. H. B..S.-C.. M.P. Res.. Ford Manor, 
Lingfield, Surrey ; zi HiU St., Berkeley Sq., W. 
— Dau.-in-law : 

Lady Violet A., see Hon. John above. 
ATCHERLEY, Brig.-Gen. Llewellyn 
William, C.M.G. (1916), M.V.O. (4th Class, 1912), 
late a D.A. and Q.M.G., A.S.C., ret. 1906; 
Ashanti 1895-6, S. Africa 1899-1902 (on Staff), 
now Ch. Const, of West Riding of Yorksh., prev. 
of Shropsh. : b. 1871. Ees., Haddon Leys, 
Sandal, Wakefield. 

ATCHLEY, Chewton, C.M.G. (1911), I.S.O. 
(1902), has been Librar. in Colon. Office : b. 185a. 
Hes., 21 Broadhurst Guns., Hampstead, N.W. 

ATHABASCA, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Edwin 
Frederick Sobins, D.D., 4th Bp., prev. Ai'chdn. 
of the Dioc. and has been a C.M.S. Missry. in 
India and Vic. of Thorpe-le-Soken : b. 1870, 

cons. 1913. Bes., Athabasca Landing, Northern 
Alberta, Canada. 

ATHERTON, Col. Thomas James, C.B. (Mil. 
1 900-1 ) , B . A. , late comdg. 1 2th Lancers, ret J. 1 904 ; 
S. Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1856. Res., The Bridge 
House, Cookham, Berks. 

A L'HILL, Charles Harold. M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1911), F.S.A., Richmond Herald. Coll. of Arms, 
since 1889. now also Registr. of the Coll. of Arms, 
prev. Bluemantle Pursuivant. Res., The Firs, 
Sevenoaks, Kent. 

ATHLONE, Earl of. Alexander Augustus 
Frederick George Cnmbridge, 1st Earl {U.K.), 
G.C.B. (Civ. 1911), G.C.V.O. (1904}, C M.G. (1917). 
D.S.O. (1901). Kt. of Justice St. John of Jerusalem, 
Grand. Pres. League of Mercy, Lt.-Col. 2nd Life 
Gds., temp. Brig.-Gen. and a General Staff 
Officer, 1st Grade, was A.D.C. to Col. Mahon in 
S. Africa (served 1900-2), European War 1914-5 : 
3rd son of the late Duke of Teck and of the late 
Duchess (dau. of the 1st Duke of Cambridge), see 
under Roy Fam. ; b. April 14, 1874 ; created 1917 
Earl of Athlone and granted by R. Warrant the 
surname of Cambridge; mar. 1904 H.R.H. 
Princess Alice of Albany, V.A., now styled 
Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone. lies., 
Henry III. Tower, Windsor Castle. 

Creations. U.K. : Earl of Athlone, and Viscount 
Trematon, 1917. 

Surviving Issue. 


Lady May- Helen Emma C, b. 1906. 

Viscount Tkfvaton, heir to Earldom : Rupert 

Alexander George Augustus C, b. 1907. 

ATHLUMNEY (pron. Atli'lumny), Baron. 

James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somer- 

viUe, 2nd Bn. {Irel.) and a Bt., sits as Bn. 

Meredyth (U.K.) ; a Page of Honour to three 

Iiish Viceroys and late A.D.C, has been Capt. 

and Hon. Maj. Kent Artill. Mil., and Lieut. 

Coldstrm. Gds., Capt. Ees. of Off., and temp. 

Lt.-Col. as Assist. Provost. Marsh. R.A., served 

in Egypt and Dongola, and in S. Africa 1900 : 

son of"ist Bn. ; b. March 23, 1865 ; sue. 1873 (C.) ; 

unmrrd. Heir, none to Peerage; to Baronetcy 

a remote cousin, Archibald James (b. 183-, 

gt.-gt. grandson of 1st Bt. ; and heir, 1st heir's 

bro., William, b. 18 — ). Seat, Somerville, Navan, 

Co. Meath ; town res., 3 Charles St., Berkeley 

Sq., W. 

Creations. Irel. : A Bt. 1748 ; Bn. Athlmnney, 1863, 
U.K. : Bn. Meredyth, 1866.— The Rt. Hon. Sh: WiUiam 
Meredyth Somerville, 5th Bt., M.P for Drogheda and 
Canterbury and Chief Sec. for Ireland, was granted 
successively the Irish and Imper. Peerages. 
Titled Relatives. 
Swviving issue of 1st Bn. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Mai-y Anne Blanche S., b. 1861. Res., Broom- 
ham Farm, Battle, Sussex. 
Hon. Georgiana Alice Lizzie, now Hon. Mrs. Chas. 
Tottenham, b. 1862, mar. 1888 Chas. G. Loftua T. 
Res., Tudenham Pk., MuUingar, Co. Westmeath. 
(Present Baron, b. 1865.) 

Hon. Cecilia Louisas., b. 1866. Bes.,with Hon. Mary. 

Hon. Florence Emily Frances, now Hon. Mrs. 

William Starmer, b. 1869. mar. 1901 Wm. Wooding 

S., F.R.A.M. Res., S2 Warwick Pk.,Tunb. Wells. 

ATHOLL, Duke op. John George Stewart- 

3Iurray, 8th Duke {Scot.), sits as Earl Strange 

{Gt. Br.); C.B (Civ. 1917), M.V.O. (4th class 

1902), D.S O. (1898), Lord Lieut, and Hered. 

Sheriff of Perthsh., and Chmn. of its Territ. Force 

Assoc, formerly M.P. for W. Perthsh. (as Marq. 

of TuUibardine), Maj . Eoy. Hor,-e Gds. , and Hon. 

Col. Scottish Battn. Livei-pool Regt. (Terr.) ; 

served with Nile Expedn. 1898, and in S. Africa 

1899-1902, partly in comd. of 1st Scott. Horse^ 



Directory of Peerage, 


which Regt. he raised and of which he is now 
Col. Comdt., is a Eg-de. -Comdr. (temp. Brig.-Gen. ), 
Gallipoli : son of 7th D. ; b. Dec. 15, 1871 ; sue. 
1917 (C.) ; mar. iSggKatherine Marjory, dau. of 
Sir James Ramsay, '10th Bt. of Banli'. Se.nts, 
Blair Castle (Blair-Atholl) and Dimkeld Souse 
(Dunkeld), both Perthsh. ; toivn res., 84 Eaton 
PI., S.W. 

Creations. Scot. : Ld. Murray of TuUlbardine, 
1604; E. of Tullibardine, i6o6 and 1676: E. of AthoU, 
1457 and 1629; M. of AthoU, Vise, of Balquhidder, 
and Ld. Murray, Balvenie, .•md Gask, 1676 (Baronies 
renewed 1703) ; I), of AthoU, M. of TuUibardine, 
E. of Strathtay and Strathardle, Glenalmond, and Gleu- 
lyon, 1703. E7ig. : Bn. Strange, 1628 by writ. Gt. Br. : 
Earl Strange and Bn. Murray of Stanley, 1786 ; also 
(inherited by 7th Duke tiirough a gt. uncle, the 4th 
D. of Northumberland) Bn. Percy, 1722 by writ. U.K. : 
Bn. Glenlyon, 1821 (title conferred upon 2nd son of 4th 
D., whose own son became 5th D.). — Sir Jno. Murray, 
Comptr. of the Household to King James VI., was 
created Lord Murray and Earl of Tullibardine. His 
grandson obtained in 1629 a re-grant of the Earldom of 
AthoU, which had become extinct. The 2nd Earl of A. 
was created Marquess, and the 3rd obtained the Duke- 
dom. The and Duke succeeded to the Barony of Strange 
in the English Peeraj^e (by writ), which had originally 
been conferred upon his maternal ancestor the 7th Earl 
of Derby; the 4th obtained the Earldom. The late 
Duke in 1865 assumed the family name of Stewart before 
that of Murray as representing the Stewart Earls of 
AthoU. He was a K.T. and Chanc, of,the Order. 
Titled Relatives.. 
Issue of late ("Jth) D. (bro. and sists. of present) : 
Lady Dorothea Louisa, now Lady D. Raggles- Brise, 
h. 1866, mar. 1895 Maj. -Gen. Harold Goodeve R.-B., 
Lady Helen, now Lady H, Tod, b. 1867. mar. 1916 

David Alex. T. lies., Braehead, Dunkeld. 
Lady Evelyn S.-M., b. 1868. 

The deceased John, M. of TuUibardine, b. & d. 1869. 
(Present Duke, b. 1871.) 

The deceased George S.-if., Maj. Black Watch ; 
Expdtny. Force, S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1873, 
killed in action 1914. 
Lord James Thomas S.-JIf., heir pres. to Dukedom, 
Capt. Cameron Highldrs. ; Europ. War 1914 (a 
prisoner), S. Africa 1900-2 : b. 1879 (2nd heir, lit. 
Hon. Sir Geo. H. Murray— see " Murray, P.C.," 
but to Percy Bny. above three sists. as co- 
ATHOLSTAN. Baron. Hugh Orfikam, ist Bn. 
{U.K.), Hon. LL L)., founder and projtrietor of 
the Montreal "Star" and of other influential 
Canadian newspapers, has been prominent in 
Canad. public work and active citizfenshiis, i:i 
1899 rendered imp(jrtant service in regard to dis- 
patch of Canadian Contingent to South Africa : 
son of Robert W. Graham, of Huntingdon, Clue- 
beo : born July 18, 1848 ; erea. Kt. Bach. 1908, 
Bn. 1917; mar. 1892 Annie Beekman, dau. of 
Edward Hamilton, of Exeter (Engld.). No heir. 
Ses., 538 Sherbrooke St., Montreal. 

Creation. U.K. : Bn. Atholstan, of Huntingdon. 
Quebec, and of City of Edinburgh. 
• Daughter. 

Hon. Alice Hamilton Graham, b. 1892. 
ATKIN, Knight. Hon. Sir John Richabd 
Atkin, Kt. Bach. (1913), officially "Mr. Justice 
Atkin," a Judge of King's Bench Div. of High 
Ct., formerly Col. Treas. of Queensld., apptd. 
K.C. 1906: b. 1867, mar. 1893 Lucy Elizabeth, 
dau. of Wm. Hemmant, of Sevenoaks. Bes., 44 
EvehTiGdns.. S.W. 

ATKINS, Col. (temp. Maj. -Gen, ) Alban Ran- 
DELL Ceofton, C.B. (,Mil. 1917), C.M.G. (1915). 
A. Serv. Corps; E.Ypdtny. Force, Ashanti 1895-6, 
W. Africa 1897-8, Sierra Leone 1898-9. S. Africa 
1899-1900, now Dir. of Supp. and Transp. at 
W.O. : b. 1870. 

ATKINS, Temp. Col. John, C.M.G. (1916), 
M.B., F.R.C.S., A.M.S. ; Expdtny. Force. 

ATKINSON, family name of follg. Bny., 
q.v. for " Hons.," and see also below. 

ATKINSON, Baron. John Atkinson, Life 
Peer, P.C. {Irel. 1892 ; G-t. Br. 1905), LL'.D., a 
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, has been twice 
Attorn.-Gen. for Ireld., M.P. 1895-1905, cr. (^.C. 
1880: son of the late Edwd. Atkinson, M.D. ; b. 
Dec. 13, 1844; er. a Life Baron 1905 (C.) ; widower, 
hiiving mar. 1873 Rowena (d. 191 1), dau. of the late 
Richd. Chute, M.D. Res., 39 Hyde Pk. Gt., S.W. 

Surviving Issue. 
Hon. Cecil Thomas A., B.A., K.C. (1913), a Judge of 
the High Ct. of Biharand Orissa since 1913, b. 1876, 
mar. 1903 Florence, dau. of Godfrey L. Taylor (Hon. 
Mrs. Atkinson). Res., Patna. 
Hon. Hector John A., Capt. Roy. Ir. Pus., b. 1879, 
mar. 1910 Sybil, dau. of the late Geo. Maurice 
levers (Hon. Mrs. Hector A.). Club, U. Serv. 

Hon. Hubert Rowan A., Maj. Connaught Rangi 
Europ. War 1914-5, late on Staff of R. Mil. Coii., 
Camberley, StattCapt., Min. of Munitions : b. 1882, 

mar. 1907 Mabel Coralie, dau. of the late Geo. G. 
TyrreU (Hon. Mrs. Hubert A.). 

ATKINSON, Knight. Sir John Nathaniel 
Atkinson, K.C.S.I. (1912), latel.C.S. and Memb. of 
Council, Madras, prev. First Memb. of Bd. of 
Rev., ret. 1914: b. 1857, mar. 1885 Constance, 
dau. of the late Rev. Robt. J. Banks. Club, 
E. Ind. U. Sei-v. 

ATKINSON, Col. (temp. Br. -Gen.)BEN, C.M.G. 
(1916), R.A. ; Expdtny. Force, S. Africa 1899- 
1902 : b. 1872. 

ATKINSON, Col. (temp. Br.-Gen.) Edwin 
Henry de Verb, C.M.G. (1917), CLE. (191; 
R.E., a Ch. Engr., Pi-incipal, Thomason Coll., 
Roorkee ; Lushai, 1889-90, Zhob Valley 1890 : b. 

ATKINSON, Col. (Hon. Brig. -Gen.) Francis 
Garnet^, C.B. (Mil. 1908), LA. (xet. 1914), late 
comdg. Bangalore Cav. Bgde. ; Egypt i8f" 
Mohmand 1897 ; b. 1857. Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 

ATKINSON, William Nicholas, I.S.O. (1911), 
LLD., Div. Inspr. of Mines, Home Office: b. 
1850. 7?fs., Cardiff. 

ATTENBOROUGH, Lt.-Col. James, C.M.G. 
(1915). 2nd Roy. Fus. (Terr.), E.xpdtny. Force. 

ATTERBURY, Knight. Sir Frederick Atter- 
hury, K.C.B. (Civ. 1917; C.B. 1910), Controller of 
H.M.'s Stationery Office since 1913, prev. Contr. 
of Stamps and Registrar of Joint Stock Cos., 
Board of Inland Rev. : b. 1853, mar. 1889 Char- 
lotte, dau. of Thos. Lawrence Forbes. Res., 2 
Upper Terr., Hampstead, N.W. 

ATTHILL, Capt. Anthony William Maun- 
SBLL, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1907), Hon. Capt. in 
Army, late Res. of Offrs. ; nowtemp. Capt.A.S.C. ; 
S. Africa 1899-1902, is Chmn. of Roy. Norf . Veter- 
ans' Assoc. : b. 1863. Res., 62 Clarendon Rd., 

AUBIGNY, Dnc d' {France 1684)— see " Rich- 
mond and G., D. of." 

AUCHINLECK. William Douglas. I.S.O. 
(1909), Aud.-Gen. for Leeward Is. : b. 1848. Res., 
St. John's, Antigua. 

AUCHTERHOUSE, Baron [Scot. 1469)— see 
"Buchan, E. of." 

AUCKLAND, Baron. Frederick Colvin 
Gborue Eden. 6th Bn. {Ot. Sr. and Irel.), Lieut. 
King'.s Roy. Rifle C. : son of 5th Bn. ; b. Feb. 21, 
1895 ; sue, 1917 ('/'.) ; unmrrd. Res., The Burrow, ■ 
Howard Rd., Bournemouth. 

Creations. Bn, Auckland, Irel. 1789, St. Br. 1793.— 
The ist Peer was Secretary for Ireland and Ambassador 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

AVE i6l 

to France. His successor was promoted (1839) to be 
Earl of Auckland, but the title lapsed at Us death in 

Titled Relatives. 

Issue of late {yh) Bn.: 

The deceased William Alfred Morton E., Lieut. K. 

Roy. Ride Corps, b. 1892, d. in action 1915- 
(Present Baron, b. 1895.) 
Surviving issue of 4th Bn, (uncles and aunts of 
present) : 


Hon. Dalcibella, now Hon. Mrs. Robt. Sutton-Nel- 
thorpe. b. i860, mar. 1885 Maj. Robt. Nassau S.-N., 
Res., fecawby Hall, Lines. 

Hon. George E., heir pres. to Barony, b. 1861, mar. 
1888 Amy Violet Powlett, dau. of Lt.-Col. Hon. 

croft. Long Cross, Chertsey, Surrey ; 6 Cromwell 

PI., S.W. (2Dd heir, his son Geoffrey Morton, 

Lieut. E. Surrey Regt., b. 1891). 
Hon. Agnes E., b. 1862. Res., Eord Ho., Wangford, 

Hon. Mary, now Viscountess Chetwynd, b. 1867, mar. 

1904, as 2nd wife, 8th Vise. C, q.v. 
Bv 3RD MRRGE. (noue by 2nd). 

■ - - _ - . -. ■ .^yjjj.. 

Hon. Ashley Morland'£., late Lieut, in Army: b. 
Dau.-in-law of^rd Bn. (aunt of present) : 

Hon. Mi«. Robert E., Jessie Ellen, dau. of the late 

Rev. Fredk. Hildyard, mar. 1862 the late Hon. 

Robt. Henley Shaw E. (d. 1916). Res., Tyddynllan, 

Llandrillo, Corwen, Meriouethsh. 

AUCKLAND, Barons' Widows. (1) {remrrd.) 

Edith, Lady A., dau. of Sir Wm. Eden, 6th Bt., 

mar., 1st, 1875, as 3rd wife, 4th Bn. Auckland 

(d. 1890) ; 2ndly, 1897, Philip Symons —retaining 

title by courtesy. Rfs., Stonepitt Grange, Seal, 

Sevenoaks, Kent.— (2) Lady A.. Sibyl Constance, 

dau. of the late Col. Geo. M. Hutton, C.B., mar. 

1891 5th Bn. Auckland (d. 1917). Kes., with her 

eon, present Bn. 

AUCKLAND, Bishop of. Bt. Rev. Alfred 
"Walter Averill, D.D., 4th Bp., prev. Cui-. of St. 
Geo., Hanover Sq., Vic. of S. Michael and All 
Angels, Christchuroh, N.Z., Hon. Can. of Ch. Ch. 
Cath. and Archd. of Akaroa and of Christohureh : 
b. 1865, cons. 1910, transl. 1913. Bes., Bishops- 
court, Auckland, N.Z. 

AUDLEY Barony {Enff. 1313 by writ)— in 
abeyance since 1872 on death of 20th Bn. 
Surviving Relatives. 
Daus. of 20th or latest Bn. (co-heiresses to the 
succession, producing the abeyance) : 
Hon. Mary T.-T., b. 1858. 
Hon. Emily T.-T., b. 1859. 
AUSTEN, 2nd Lieut. Harry, M.V.O. (5th 
class, J917), RE., B.E.F. 

AUSTIN, Baronet. Sir "William Michael 
'&Y'ROS Austin, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1894), Lieut. A.S.C., 
prev. Yorks. Dgns. (Yeom.), late Capt. Yorks. 
Mtd. Bgde., T. i: S. Col. (Ten-.), son of 1st Bt., b. 
1871, sue. 1906, mar. 1896 Violet Irene, dau. of 
Alex. Eraser. Heir, his son John Byron Eraser, 
2nd Lt. 3rd Huss. (b. 1897 ; 2nd heir, next son, 
WilUam Ronald, b. 1904). B^-.s., The Old Hall, 
Cloughton, Yorks ; Gurthalougha, Borrisokane, 
Co. Tipperary. 

AUSTIN, Knight. Sir Hbrbeet Austin, 
K.B.E. (1917), has rendered valuable servs. in 
produi tion of war munitions. 

AUSTIN, Col. (temp. Br.-Gen.) HkBBERT 
Henry, C.M.G. (1901), D S.O. (1899), R.E., 
a Comdt. on lines of Com., "Waziristan 1894-5, 

Uganda 1898, Mesopotamia, was employed in Brit. 
E. Afr. Protect. 1897-g, aftds. on Survey Duty in 
Egypt, and Comdt. Staff Coll., Cluetta : b. 1868. 

AUSTIN, Col. John Gardiner, C.M.G. (1915)- 
A. Ordn. Deirt., Dardanelles, S. Africa 1899-1900: 
b. 1871. 

AUTICILAMP, Comtesse Charles dk Beau- 
mont d', sist. of 2nd Bn. Churston. 

AVA, EaHl of {U.K. 1888), a title of the 
Dufferin and Ava Marquessate, borne by the heu' 
when a first-born son. 

AVEBURY {pron. Ayv-), Baron. John Birk- 
BKCK Lubbock, 2nd Bn. {U.K.) and a Bt., a D.L. 
for Kent, a partner in the bank of Coutts 
and Co. : son of 1st Bn. : b. Oct. 4, 1858 ; sue. 
1913 {U.); rnmrrd. Seat, High Elms, Down, 
Famborough, Kent ; town res., 48 Grosvenor 
St., W. 

Creations. U.K. : A Bt. 1806 ; Bn. Avebury, 1900. Sir 
John Lubbock, 4th Bt., M.P., banker, scientist, educa- 
tionalist, the promoter of " Bank Holidays," was the 
ist Bn, 

Titled Relatives. 
(Lubbock. I 

7ss«« 0/ the late (ist) Bn. (bro., half bros., etc., of 
present) : 


Hon. Amy Harriet, now Hon. Mrs. Ferdinand van 
Zandt, b. 1857, mar., ist 1877 And. W. Multwlland 
(died same year), son of the late John Af., 
(afterwards 1st Bn. Dunleath), 2ndly 1884 the late 
Ferd. S. van Z. (d. 189a). Res., Percy Lodge, 
East Sheen, Mortlake. 

(Present Baron, b. 1858.) 

Hon. Norman L., heir pres. to Bny., served in S. 
Afi-ica : b. i86i. Res., High Elms Cott., Down, 
Famborough, Kent. 

Hon. Gertrude L., b. 1863. iJes., 4 Lawrence Mansns., 
Chelsea. S.W. 


Hon. Ursula, now Hon. Mrs. Adrian Grant-Duf. b. 

188s, mar. 1906 the late Lt.-Col. Adr. G.-D.. C.B. 

(killed in action, 1914). Res., 16 Mulberry Walk, 

Chelsea, S.W. 
Hon. Irene, now Hon. Mrs. Edward Henry Pelham, 

S. Kens., S.W 
Hon. Harold Fox Pitt L., M.A., 2nd heir, Lieut. 
Gren. Gds. (Sp. Res.), prev. Capt. W. Kent Yeo., a 
partner fn Messrs. Coutts & Co. j b. 1888, mar. 1914 
atagu of 
Beaulieu (Hon. Mrs. Harold ^1.). Res., 48 
Grosvenor Street, W. 
The deceased Hon. Eric Fox Pitt L., M.C., Capt. 
A.S.C.a Flight-Com. R. Flying C, b. 1893, killed 
in action 1917. 
Hon. Maurice Pox Pitt L., b. 1900. 
Dau.-in-lav> : 
Hon. Mrs. L. (Ethel, dau. of the late Thos. A. 
Lawford), mar. 1894, tlie late Hon. Rolfe Arthur 
L. (b. 1865, d. 1909). Res., 11 Sloane Udns., S.W. 
AVEBURY, Baron's Widow. The Lady A. 
(Alice Augusta Laurentia, dau. of the lateLt. -Gen. 
Aug. H. Lane Fox-Pitt-Rivers and grand-dau. 
of 2nd Bn. Stanley of Alderley), mar. 1884, as 
2nd wife, Sir John Lubbock, Bt.", F.R.S., M.P. for 
the Univ. of London, aftds. crea. 1st Bn. Ave- 
bury (d. 1913). Res., Kingsgate Castle, nr. 
Ramsgate, Kent; 48 Grosvenor St., W. 

AVELAND, Baron {U.K. 1856)— see " Ancas- 
ter, E. of." 

AVEN, Baeon {Scot. 1643)— see " Hamilton, D. 
AVERILL, Bishop— see " Auckland." 
AVERY, Baronet. Sir William Eric Thomas 
Avery, 2ud Bt. {U.K: 1905), M.C. (1917), B.A., 
Capt. A.S.C. (Spec. Res.), late Army Motor Res. : 
son of 1st Bt., b. 1890, sue. 1908. No heir. 
Club, Public Schools. 




Directory of Peerage, 


AVEBY, Baronet's Widow (remarrd.). 
Suzanne Mathilde Irma, dau. of the late Mons. 
Pierre Crets, of Paris, mar. ist 1902, as 2nd wife, 
Sii- Wm. Beilby Avery, 1st Bt. (d. 1908), 2nd 
ign, Michel Marghiloman, of Roumania. and of 
44 Eue Soheffer, Avenue Henri Martin, Paris. 

AVEBY, Thomas, CLE. (1916), Ch. Con- 
structor Boy. Ind. Marine Dockyd., Bombay. 

AVIGLIANO, D0CHESSA d', dau. of 6tli D. of 
Newcastle (the d' for di) . 

AVIS. John, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1905), Conti- 
nental Traffic Man. S.E. & Ch. R. : b. 1851. Res., 
Phillimore, 15 Copers Cope Bd. , Beckenham, Kent. 
AVONMOBE, Viscounty {Irel. i8oo)-extinct 
or dormant 1910 on death of 6th Vise, (surname 

Surviving Representative. 
Dau. of last {6fk) V.: 

Hon. Evelyn Marianne Mabel yeloerton, h. 189a. 

AVONMOBE, Viscount's Widow. Viscountess 

A. (Mabel Sara, dau. of Geo. Evans, of Gqrt- 

men-on, Tyrone), mar. 1890 6th and last Vise. 

Avonmore (d. 1910). 

AVOBY, Knight. Hon. Su- Horace Edward 
Avory, Kt. Bach. (1910), LE.D., officially "Mr. 
Justice Avory," a judge of the King's Bench Div. 
of the High Court, late Counsel, to the Treas. 
and Beoorder of Kingston-on-Thames; b. 1851, 
K.C. 1901, mar. 1877 Maria Louisa, dau. of the 
late HeniT Castle. Hen., 29 Gloucester Square, W. 
AWDEY, Knight's Widow, remrrd. Lady-I- 
(Katharine Louise James), mar. 1st igoi, as ind 
wife, Sii- Richard Davis Awdry, K.C.B., formerly 
Acct.-Gen. to the Navy (d. 1916) ; 2ndly 1917, 
Leonard J. P. Garman, Lt. A.S.C. Ues., 63 Vic- 
toria Bd., Kens., W. 

AYERS, Engr.-Capt. Robert Bell, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1908), R.N., ret. 1913: b. 1863. Ees., 

AYLAN, John Charles, I.S.O. (1909), late 
Manager of the East Laboratory, Roy. Arsenal : 
b. 1844. 

AYLESFORD, Earl of. Charles Wioht- 
wiCK Finch, 8th Earl {Gt. Br.), a D.L. for 
Warwioks., Hon. Col. 4th Batt. S. Staffordsh. 
Begt. (Spec. Bes.) : son of 6th E. and bro. of 7th ; 
b. June?, 1851; sue. 1885 [C); mar., ist, 1873, 
the late Hon. Georgina Agnes Bagot, dau. of 
3rd Bn. Bagot (she died 1874) ; 2ndly, 1879, EUa 
Victoria, dau. of the late Jno. Boss, and 
widow of Capt. Jas. H. Linton. Seats, Packing- 
ton and Diddington Halls, Coventry ; The Friars, 
Aylesford, Maidstone. 

Creations. Bn. Guernsey, Eng. 1703 ; B. of Aylesford, 
Gt. Br. 1714.— This line has the same ancestry as that of 
Winchilsea and Nottingham, its first representative 
being the 2nd son of the ist Earl of N. ; he became 
Solicitor-General, and was distinguished as principal of 
the advocates who defended the seven Bishops in the 
reign of James II. He was raised by Queen Anne to 
the above Barony and Earldom. • 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {8th) E.: 

Lady Violet Ella, now Lady V. Crawley, b. 1880, 
mar. 1904 tlie late Maj. Eustace C, 12th Lcrs., 
killed in action 1914. 
Lady Muriel Gladwys, now Lady M. Worthin^ston, b. 
1881, mar. 1901 William Worthington W. 
Res., Netherseal Old Hall, Ashby-de-la-Zouch. 
The deceased Henea(;e Greville F., Lord Gnenisey. 
Capt. Warwicks. Yeo. : b. 1883 (killed in action 
1914) ; son, heir to Earldom, Lord Guernsey, 
Heneage Michael Charles F., b. 1908. 
Hon. Charles Daniel Finch-Knightley, and heir, 
temp, an extra A.D.C. and Capt. in a Seiv. Batt. 

1886. Has 

assumed addtl. name of Knightlej'. _ _ 
Hon. Ronald William Edward F.. is m Brit. 
Columbian Horse, late Midshipman R.N., b. 1889. 
Dau.-in-law : 

Lady Guernsey (Gladys Cecil Georgina Fellowes, 
dau. of 2nd Bn. De Ramsey), mar. 1907 the above 
Heneage Greville F., Lord Guernsey. Rea., 9 
Sussex Sq., W. 
Daus. of'jth E. (nieces of present) : 

Lady Hilda Joanna Gwendolen,, now Lady H. 
Murray, b. 1872, mar. 1898 Lt.-Col. Sir Malcolm 
Donald itf., K.C. V.O.,q.v. - .„ 

Lady Alexandra Louise Minna, now Lady A. Enmiet, 
b. 187s, mar. ist, 1901 Philip Saml. Danby (d. 1909), 
zndly, 19H Robert Wm. E. Res., Fairby, Long- 
field, Kent. 
Dau. of 6th E. (sist. of present) : 

(Present Earl, b. 1851.) t j a 

Lady Anne Francesca Wilhelmme, now Lady A. 

Murray, b. 1853, mar. 1875 Chas Jas. M., 

grandson of sth E. of Dunmore. Res., Lochcarron, 

Ross-sh. : The -Grange, Old Windsor. 

AYLESWOBTH, Knight. Hon. Sir Allen 

Bristol Ai/lesworth, K.C.M.G. (1911), K.C, late 

Min. of Just of tlie Dominion of Canada, took a 

prominent part in connection with the N. Atlantic 

Coast Fisheries Arbitration 1910 : b. 1854, mar. 

1878 Adelaide Augusta, dau. of C. H. Miller. 

Res., 21 Walmer Bd., Toronto. 

AYLING, Knight. Hon. Sir William Bock 
AyVing, Kt. Bach. (1915), Judge of High Court, 
Madras, since 1912, hence " Hon." ; was prey, a 
Magist. and Collector, and District and Sessions 
Judge : b. 1867, widower. Address, Madras ; 
CJuh, E. Ind. Un. Serv. 

AYLMER, family name of follg. Barony, q.v. 
for "Hons." 

AYLMER, Baron. Matthbw Aylmer, Sth 
Bq. {Irel.) and a Bt., Insp.-Gen. of Canadian 
Militia, retd. as Maj .-Gen. , formerly Lieut. 7th 
Foot : son of 7th Bn. ; b. March 28, 1842 ; sue. 
1901 ; mar. 1875 Amy Gei-trude, dau. of Hon. 
Jno. Young, of Montreal. Res., Queen's Bay, 
Kootenay, Brit. Columbia. 

Creations. Jrel. : A Bt. 1662 ; Ld. Aylmer, Bn. de 
Balrath, 1718.— Rear-Adm. Matt. Aylmer, a distinguished 
naval officer, and Governor of Greenwich Hosjirtal, was 
awarded tliis Peerage in recognition of hie services : he 
was 2nd son of the ist Bt., but the two dignities 
eventually became merged : they are distinct from the 
Btcy. below. 

TriLED Relatives. 
Issue of present {8th) Bn. : 

Hon. Amelia AVinif red 4., b. 1876. . 

Hon. John Frederick AVhitworth A., heir to 
Barony, b. 1880. 
■ Hon. Kenneth Athalmar^.. 2nd heir, b. 1883 

Hon. Basil tldolphus A., Lieut. Canadian Horse, 

b. 1886. 
Hon. Florence Gwendolyn ^1., b. 1891. 
Surviving issue of "Jth Bn. (bros. and sist. of 
present) : 
(Present Bakon, b. 1842.) 

Hon. Henry A., barrister, Sheriff of St. Francis 
Dist., Quebec, formerly a Canad. M.P., and 
Lt.-Col. Canad. Artill. Mil. : b. 1843, mar. 1870 
Louisa Blanche Fanny, dau. of the late Hy. A. 
Howe.LL.D. (Hon. Mrs. Henry J.). Res., Lennox- 
ville, Quebjc. 
Hon. Isabella, now Hon. Mrs. Lovell A., b. 1845, 
mar. 1872 her cousin, the late Hy. Lovell AyUner 

Hon.' Frederick Whitworth A., C.E. to Govt, of 
Canad. Domin. and Capt. Canad. Mil.: b. 1850, mar. 
1899 Emraa Meredith, dau. of R. Lang .(Hon. 
Mrs. Frederick A.}. Res., Revelstoke, Bnt. Co- 


Baronetage, Knightage, <&c. 



ATIiMEB, Baronet. Sir Arthdr Percy 
Fitzgerald Aylmer, i2tli Bt. (Irel. 1622), grand- 
son of iithBt. and son of the late Capt. Fenton 
J. Aylmer; b. 1858, sue. 1885, mar. same year, 2nd 
wife, but divorced 1886 (by an American wife 
who had prev. been divorced herself). Iltirpri's., 
his bro.Lt.-Gen. Sir Fenton John zl.,K.C.B.,irC, 
follg. (2nd heir, their 1st cousin Gerald Arthur 
Evans Freke .4., b. 1869). Res., Donadea Lodge, 
West End Village, Southampton. 

AYLMER. Knight. Lt.-Gen. Sir Fenton John 
Aylmer, K.C.B. (Mil. igi6 ; C.B., Mil. 1907), J!^ 
(1891), R.E., late A.G. in India, aftds. a Div. 
Comdr., comd. a Div. Mesopotamia, prev. Oomdr. 
of Quetta Brigade : b. 1862, mar. 1913 Else Julie 
Lady Risley, q.v. (Kt.'s Widow), bro. and heir 
pres. of above Bt. Cluh, Nav. and Mil. 

AYLMER, Col. Edmund Kendal Gkimston, 
C.B. (Mil. 1902), comdg. 14th Res. Regt., late 
comdg. 19th Hussars, ret. 1907; Egypt and 
Soudan 1882-5, S- Africa 1899-1902 : b. 1859 (gt. 
grandson of 6th Bt.). Clul, Nav. and Mil. 

AYR, Viscount — see "Air." 

AYTOUN, Maj. (temp. Lt.-Col.) Andrew, 
C.M.G. (1917), D.S.O. (1900-1), Arg. and Suthd. 
Hig-hldrs. retd. ; S. Africa 1899-1900 as Lt.-Col., 
was with Colon. Forces in Queensld. 1898 and 
has been A. A.G. to Mil. Forces of Commonwth., 
now Assist. Embarkn. Comdt. : b. i860. 

AZARIAH, BiSHOP-see "Damakal." 

AZIZ-UD-DIN, MuNSHi, C.V.O. (1911), CLE. 
(1909), was Acting Hon. A.D.C. to H.M. during 
Ind. tour when Prince of Wales, now Dep. 
Commr. for Berar : b. 1843. 

AZOPARDI, Knight. Sir Vincenzo Frendo 
Azopardi, Kt. Bach. (1912), C.M.G. (1908), LL.D., 
Vice-Pres. Counc. of Govt., also Ch. Just, and 
Pres. Ct. of Appeal, Malta since 1905, prev. 
Crown Adv., a M.E.C., and M.L.C. : b. 1865, 
mar. 1892 Caterina, dau. of the late M. A. Be 
Giorgio, LL.D. (eld. bro. of follg.). lies., 

AZOPARDI, Jambs Frendo, M.V.O. (5th 
Class, 1909), Sen. Assist. Supt. of Malta Police: 
b. i865. lies., Valletta. 


BABA— see "Ind. Titles." 

Rana, Sir, K.C.I.E. (Hon. 1916), Hon. Gen. in 
Army, Dir.-Gen. Police, Katmandu, since 1903, 
att. to Gen. Staff Army Hqrs., India, as Insp.- 
Qen. of Nepalese Contgts. on Gen. Serv. in India 
1915, was in chg. of arrangements dm-ing visit of 
H.M. the King to Nepal 1911 ; son of Maharaja 
Sir Chandra, G.C.B., q.v. : b. 1888, mar. 1903. 
lies., Shingha Durbar and Baber Mahal, Kat- 
mandu, Nepal. 

BABINGTON, Knight. Maj .- Gen. Sir James 
Melville Jiabingfon, K.C.M.G. (1917), C.B. 
(Mil. 1907), ret. 1907, reapptd. 1917 on Act. List, 

and is Col. 16th Lancers ; Bechuanaland, 1884-5, 
Boer War 1899-1901, was A. A.G. in India 1896-9, 
late Comdt. of N.Z. Defence Forces, aftwds. 
comdg. Lowland (T.F.) Mtd. Brigade, now 23rd 
Div. : b. 1854, mar. 1897 Eleanor, dau. of late 
Thos. J. Lawson, of N.S. Wales, /fcs., Harley- 
burn, Melrose, N.B. 

BABINGTON, Col. David Melville, CLE. 
(1907), R.A., Supt. of Cordite Factory, Welling- 
ton, Madras ; b. 1863. 

BABTIE, Knight. Surg.-Gen. Sir William 
Bab/ie, K.C.M.G. (1916), C.B. (Mil. 1912), Uffi 
(1899), M.B., L.R.C.P., A.M.S., a Kt. of Grace 
St. John Jerus. ; Crete 1897-8, S. Africa 1899- 
igoo, Dardanelles 1915; Dir. Med. Services at the 
War Off., prev. in India, is Hon. Surg, to H.M., 
formerly Dep.-Dir.-Gen. A.M.S. and Insp. of 
Med. Services : b. 1859, mar. 1903 Edith Mary, 
wid. of Maj. P. A. Hayes, and dau. of the late 
Wm. H. Barry. Bes., Simla; The Manor House, 
Sutton Pk., nr. Guildford. 

BABU— see "Ind. Titles." 

BACKHOUSE, Baronet. Sir Jonathan 'Ed- 
MVSD Backhouse, 1st Bt. {U.K. 1901), a D.L. for N. 
Riding and Co. Durham, a banker of Darlington : 
son of the late Edmd. Backhouse, of Trebah, 
Cornwall : b. 1849, widower. Heir, his sou 
Edmund Trelawny (b. 1873 ; 2nd heii", next son, 
Capt. Oliver. C.B., R.N., below). Seat, The 
Rookery, Middleton-Tj as, Yorks. 

BACKHOUSE, Capt. Oliver, C.B. (MiUi9i5), 
Commodore 2nd Class R.N., Antwerp and 
Dardanelles : b. 1876 (2nd son of above Bt.). 

BACKHOUSE, Capt. Roger Roland Charles, 
C.B. (Civ. 1914), C.M.G. (1917), R.N., on Admlty. 
War Staff : b. 1878 (3rd (twin) son of above Bt.). 

BACON, Baronet. Sir Hickman Beckett 
Bacon, nth Bt. of Redgrave {Ernj. 1611, Premie* 
Baronet ; also 12th Bt. of Mildenhall, E7iy. 
1627), F.S.A., a D.L. for Lincolnsh. (High Sheriff 
1887), Chmn. of Lindsey CC, formerly 
Lieut. Gren. Gds. : son of loth Bt., b. 1855, 
sue. 1872. Seir pres., his bro. Nicholas Henry 
(b. 1857 ; 2nd heir, latter's son Edmund Castell, 
b. 1903). 5'ea«, Thonock Hall and Somerby Hall, 
both Gainsborough, Lines. ; town res., Queen 
Anne's Mansns., St. James's Pk., S.W. 

»#• The ancestry numbers among its collaterals both 
Friar Bacon and Sir Francis, Bn. Verulam, commonly, 
but incorrectly known as Lord Bacon. The famous Lord 
Chancellor never held the title of Baron Bacon, and it is 
the confusion between "Lord Verulam" and "Lord Chan- 
cellor Bacon " that has given rise to the common error. 
He was Sir Francis Bacon, Kt., Bn. Verulam (not Earl), 
and Vise. St. Albans (a fao-simile of his autograph in 
Doyle's 'Baronage' gives it as St. Alban), aU his titles 
becoming extinct at his death. Neither he nor Koger 
Bacon left any children, and the founder of the family 
was Sir Nicholas Bacon (Kt.), Lord Keeper to Queen 
Elizabeth, whose eldest son. Sir Nicholas, half-bro. of 
Sir Francis, became 1st Bt. 

BACON, Knight. Vice-Adm. Sir Reginald 
Hugh Spencer /;aco», K.C.B. (Mil 1916), K. C.V.O. 
(1916; C.V.O. 1907), D.S.O. (1897), ret. 1909, 
Benin 1897, late Chf. of Staff, Home Fleet and 
Dir. of Nav. Ordn., was a Naval A.D.C. to King 
Edward, author of a ' Manual of Electric Light- 
ing for the Navy.' now comdg. in Grand Fleet : 
b. 1863, mar. 1894 Cicely Isabel, dau. of Hy. 

BACON, Edward Denny, M.V.O. (4th Class, 



Directory of Peerage^ 


BADAN SINGH, Sardak, C.S.I. (1903), served 
in Kuka Rebellion, 1872. Ees., Malandh, Lo- 
dhiana, Punjat. 

BADCOCK, Kniqht's Widow. Lady B. 
(Theophila Lowtlier, dau. of J. S. Dmnergue), 
mar. 1865 Gen. Sir Alex. R. Badoock, K.C.B., 
late Q.M.G. in India (d. 1907). 

BADCOCK, Jasper Capper, C.B. (Civ. 1899), 
late Controller of London Postal Sei-vice, in 
G.P.O. 1858-1905: b. 1840. ff«s., Springfield, 
Brodxiok Rd., TJpp. Tooting, S.W. 

BADDELEY, Knight. Sir John James Bad- 
deley, Kt. Bach. (1909), Aid. of the Ward of 
Farringdon Within, -was one of the Sheriffs of 
London in year of pi-omotion : b. 1842, mar. 1912, 
2nd wife, Florence Bertha, dau. of J. Douglass 
Mathews, lies., Lakefleld, Woodbirry Down, N. 

BADDELEY, Col. Charles Edward, C.M,G. 
(1916), R.E. (Staff), Expdtny. Force, Burma 
1885-7; N.W. Front, and Tirah 1897-8: b. 1861. 

BADDELEY, Vincent Wilberforcb, C.B. 
(Civ. 1911), Assist. Sec. for Finance, Adniiralty ; 

1874. Fics., 5 Barton Street, Westmr. , S.W. 
BADENOCH, a feudal Lordship in the Huntly 
line (abt. 1445). 

BADOCK, Henry Walter, C.S.I. (1911), Ac- 
countant-Gen. India OflEice since 1907, prev. Dept.- 
Acct.-Gen. and Assessor of Inc. Tax and Clerk to 
Commrs. of Inc. Tax : b. 1854. Club, E. Ind. U. Serv. 
BAGGE, Bakonet. Sii- Alfred William 
Fkascis iJrt^WP, 4th Bt. (f/.jS:. i867),B.A.,LL.B., 
barrister- at-law, temp. Capt. L'pool Regt. (T.), 
Lt. 6th (Cyclists) Batt. Norf. Regt., T.F., son 
of 3rd Bt., b. 1875, sue. 1916. Heir i>res. his 
bro. John Pictox (b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, latter's 
son, John Alfred Picton, b. 1914). Seat, Strad- 
sett Hall, Downham, Norfolk. 

BAGGE. Baronets' Widows. (i)(?-m?T(Z.) Alice 
Lady B., dau. of the late Alf. Giles, mar., ist, 
1865, SirWm. H. E. Bagge, 2nd Bt. (d. 1881); 
andly, 1889, Wm. Wainwright, but retains title. 
JRes. , Stowe Maries, Westcott, Dorking.— (2) Milli- 
cent Lady B. (Millicent Case, dau. of the late 
Jno. G. Morris), mar. 1872 Capt. Sir Alfred Thos. 
Bagge, R.N., 3rd Bt. (d. 1916). 

BAGGE, Stephen Salisbury, C.M.G. (1907), 
late a Provincial Commissr. in E. Afr. Protectorate, 
and was Ch. Polit. Otfr. with Nandi Fd. Force : 
b. 1859. Club, Windliam. 

BAGNOLD, Col. Arthur Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
1907), F.R.A.S., M.I.E.E., R.E. (ret. 1911), S. 
Afiica 1881, Soudan 1884-5, has comd. R.E. in 
Jamaica, aftds. Buildg. Supt. for Ordn. Factories, 
and late Ch. Experimental Otfr,, Signals Estab. : 
b. 1854. Ses., Warren Wood, Shooter's Hill, 

BAGOT, family name of follg. Barony, q.v. for 

BAGOT, (p7'o«.Baggot) Baron. WihhiAN Bar/ot, 
4th Bn. ( Gt. Br.) and a Bt., F.S.A., F.L.S. ; a D.L. 
for Cos. Stafford and Derby, was a Gentn. Usher 
of Priv. Chamb. and Lord -in- Waiting to Queen 
Victoria, also Lt.-Col. 2nd in comd. Staflfordsh. 
Yeom., formerly A.D.C. to Gov. -Gen. of Canada : 
son of 3rd Bn. ; b. Jan. 19, 1857; sue. 1887 (C.) ; 
mar. 1903 Lilian Marie, dau. of the late Henry 
May, of Maryland, U.S.A. Smts, Bhthfield, 
Rugeley, Staffs.; Pool Pk., Ruthin, Denbighsh. 
Creations. A Bt. Eng. 1627 ; Bu. Bagot, Gt. Br. 
1780.— Sir Wm. Basot, istBn.,wasM.P.for8taffordBhire; 
the and was a distinguished scientist. 


Issue ofpreserd (4th) Bn. : 

Hon. Barbara B., h. 1905. , . x ^ 

Surviving issue of 3rd Bn. (bro. and siBts. oJ 
present) : 
Hon. Louisa, now Hon. Mrs. Bernard Shaw, prev. 
Hamar Bass, b. 1853, mar. 1901, and husb.. Rev. 
Bemd. D. Douglas 8., Vic. of Ch. of Annunciation, 
. Warble Arch, iies., sHereford Gdn8.,ParkLn.,W. 
(PresentBahon, b. 1856.) ^ . , „ j. 

Hon. Katherine Jane, now Hon. Mrs. David Smythe, 
b. 1859, mar. 1898 Col. David Murray S. Res., 
Methven Castle, Perth. 
Hon. Elirabeth Sophia Lucia, now Hon. Lady 
Newdigate-Neivdtgate : b. i86i, mar. 1888 Sn- Fras. 
Alex. N.-N., K.C.M.G., q.v. Kt. 
Hon. Walter Lewis B., beir pres. to Barony, D.S.O. 
(1900-1), Maj. Res. of OfFrs., late A.D.C, served m 
S. Africa 1900-1, and on Staff B.E.F. 1914-S, aftds. a 
Dir. Min. of Munitions, late Capt. Gren. Gds. : 
b. 1864, mar. 1892 Margaret Jane Caroline, dau. of 
the late Hon. Fredk. W. Cadogan, son of 3rd Earl 
Cadogau (Hon. Mrs. B.). Club, Guards'. (2nd 
heir, the following Bt.) 
BAGOT, Baronet. Sir Alan Desmond Bagot, 
1st Bt. (U.K. 1913), 2nd Lieut. R. Horse Gds. ; son 
of Lt.-Col. Josceline Fitzroy Bagot, M.P., gt.- 
grandson of 1st Bn., who died in March, 1913. 
before the Patent of the Baronetcy confeiTedon 
him in Jan. had passed the Great Seal : b. 1896. 
Heir, none. Seat. Levens Hall, Westmorld. 

BAGOT, Baronet's Widow (hy elevation). 
Lady B. (Theodosia. a Lady of Grace St. John 
Jerus., dau. of Sir John Leslie, ist Bt. 0/ Glass- 
lough), mar. 1885 Lt.-Col. J. F. Bagot (see prev. 
art.; precedence of a Bt.'s widow granted April 12, 
1913). Bes., Levens Brow, Milnthorpe, Westmorld. 
BAGOT, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Lucy 
Francesca, dau. of the late Edmund G. Hornby), 
mar. 1851 Sir Chas. S. Bagot. Kt. Bach., an Hon. 
Commissr. in Lunacy (d. 1906). Bes., The Gables, 
East Sheen, Mortlake, S.W. 

BAGSHAWE, Arthur William Garrard, 
C.M.G. (1915), M.B., Dir. Tropical Diseases 
Bureau : b. 1871. 

BAGSH/IWE, Edward Leonard, CLE. (1910), 
Telegraph Dept., Basra. 

BAGWELL, Maj. John, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1909), M.C. (1916), late Norf. Regt., now in 3rd 
(Spec. Res.) Battn. of same, a G.S.O., 2nd Grade : 
b. 1884. 
BAHADUR— see "Ind. Titles." 
BAHBAM KHAN, Nawab, Sii", K.C.I.E. (1912), 
Chief of the Mazari Tribe, and a M.L.C. Punjab. 
Ees., Dei-a Ghazi Khan, Punjab. 
BAHRIA— see " Delia Bahiia." 
BAH TOO, Mauno, CLE. (1909), an Addit. 
M.L.C. of the Viceroy, formerly an Extra Assist. 
Commissr., Burma : "b. 1852. Bes., Pagoda Bd 

BAIKIE (SIMPSON-), Col. (temp. Br. -Gen.) 
Hugh Archie Dundas, C.B. (Mil. 1915), R.A., 
late on Gen. Staff; Dardanelles, Nile Expdn. 
1899-2, S. Africa 1900 : b. 1871. 

BAILEY, family name of Glanusk Barony, 
q.v. for " Hons.," also below. 

BAILEY, Hon. Lady— see follg. Kt. 
BAILEY, Knight (i). Sir Abb Bailey, 
K.C.M.G. (1911), M.P. Un. of S. Africa, late a 
M.L.A. Transvaal and Cape Colony, served in 
S.African War in Intell. Dept. as Major, is a 
large mine-owner and landed proprietor in 
S. Africa; b. 1864, mar. 1911, 2nd wife, Hon. 
Mary Westenra, dau. of 5th Ba. Rossmore. Bes., 


Baronetage, Knightag6, <hc. 


Yewhurst, East Grinstead, Sussex ; Friedenheim, 
Johannesburg ; Muizenberg, Cape Colony. 

BAILEY, KxiGHT (2). Sir Rowland Baileti, 
Kt. Bach. (1913), C.B. (Civ. 1911), 1.8.0.(1904), 
M.V.O. (5th Class, 1902), late Controller of 
Stationery Office, prev. of Stores, Works Office : 
b. 1852. 

BAILEY, Knight's Widow {rmrrd.). Lady B. 
(Elizabeth, dau. of the late Adolphus Fass), 
mar. 1st 1896, as 2nd wife, the late Sir Jas. 
Bailey, sometime M.P. for Walworth (d. 1910), 
2ndly, 1916, Francis Savile H. Judd, and relin- 
quishing title. Res., Maces Place, Eickling, Essex. 
BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. FREDEEieK(G.), dav. of 
1st Bn. Inchcape. 

BAILEY, Ma j. Frederick Marshman, CLE, 
(1915), LA., Polit. Dept. : b. 1882. 

BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. Johx (C), dau. of 4th 
Bn. Lyttelton— see " Visct. Cobham." 

BAILEY, John Walter, I.S.O. (1908), in Inld. 
Rev. Lept., 1866-1908, as Assist. Ch. Insp. of 
E.xcise : b. 1845. Res., i WandleRd., Wandsworth 
Common, S.W. 

BAILEY, Hon. Mrs. Percival, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Kinross. 

BAILEY. William Henry, I.S.O. (1905), 
Colon. Postmr., Barbados, prev. Legisl. 
Counc: b. 1855. i?e.s., Bridgetown. 

BAILHACHE, K.vight. lion. Sir Clement 
Meacher TSailhache, Kt. Bach. (1912), LL.B., 
officially "Mr. Justice Bailhache," apptd. K.C. 
1908, a Justice of the High Ct. 1912 : b. 1856, 
mar. 1881. I!es., St. Margaret's, Whetstone, N. 

BAILLlft, now the family name of Burton 
Bny., q.v. for Hons. George, Ajthur and Victoria ; 
see also below. 

BAILLLE, Baronet. Sir Adrian William 
Maxwell BaiUie, 6th Bt. of Polkemmet {U.K. 
1823), 2nd Lt. Drgns., son of 4th Bt. : b. 1898, 
sue. his brother (5th Bt.), who was killed in 
action 1914. Beir pres., Bt.'s uncle William, b. 
1861. lies. , Polkemmet, Linlitligowsh. 

BAILLIE, Baronet's Widow. Lady B. 
(Isabel, dau. of the late David E. Wilkie), 
mar. 1887 Sir Robt. Ales. Baillie, 4th Bt. (d. 1907). 
Bes., with present Bt. 

BALLLIE, Kniqht. Sir Duncan Colvin 
BaiUie,K.C.S.l. (1914), LC.S., late Member Bd.of 
Rev. and Member of Council United Provinces : 
b. 1856, mar. 1887 Julia Luisa, dau. of the Rev. 
Henry Stern. Bes., Allahabad. 

BAILLIE, Hon. Mrs. Albert, dau. of 8th 
Vise. Boyne. 

BAILLIE, Granville Hugh, M.B.E. (1917), 
Ch. Technical Oifr., Labour Supply Dept., Min. 
of Munitions. 

BAILLIE, Col. James Evan Bruce, M.V.O. 
(4th Class, 1905), V.D., D.L., cmdg. Inverness- 
shire R.H.A. (Ten-.) and V.-Chmn. Co. T.F. 
Assoc, formerly a M.P. (C.) : b. 1859, is husb. 
of Bnss. Burton. Bes., Dochfour, Inverness ; 71 
Sth. Audley St., W. 

BAILLIE (COCHRAJSTE-), family name of 
Laminqton Barony, q.v. for "Hons." 
BAILLIE-HAMLTON— see"Hamilton(B.-)" 
BALNBRIDGE, Knioiit's Wirow. Lady B. 
(Kate, dau. of Jno. Page), mar. 1881, as 2nd wife. 
Col. Sir Edmond Bainbridge, K.C.B. (d. 1911). 
Bes., Normanhurst, Sheringham, Norfolk. 


BAINBRIDGE, Maj.-Gen. Edmond Guy Tul- 
LOCH, C.B. (Mil. 1913), comdg. a Div., prev. a 
Bgde., late the Buffs, has served with Egyptn. 
Anny and been Comdt. Sch. of Mtd. Inf. ; Egypt 
1896-8, S. Africa 1899-1900 : b. 1867. 

BAINBRIDGE, Lt.-Col. (temp. Col.) Norman 
Bruce, C.M.G. (1917). D.S.O. (1900-1), A.Ordn. 
Dept., late W. Rid. Regt. ; Boer War 1899-igoi : 
b. 1869. C'luh, Army and Navy. 

BAINBRIDGE, Col.- (temp. Br.-Gen.) Percy 
Agnew, C.M.G. (1917), A. Ordn. Dept. ; East 
Africa 1903, Europ. War 1914-5 : b. 1864. 

BAINBRIDGE, Lt.-Col. (temp. Br.-Gen. > 
William Frank, C.M.G. (1915). D.S.O. (1900-1) 
LA., 51st Sikhs; N.W. Frontier 1897-8, China 
1900, now on Gen. Staff: b. 1873. Club, Jun. 
Army and Navy. 

BADGES, Bishop - 
" Baynes" as distinct. 

BAINES, Knight. 
STANE Baines, Kt. I 

' Natal," and note 

Sir ^Jervoise) Athel- 
:h. (i905), C.S.I. (1894), 

R.G.S. .F.R.S.S. (late Pres.), late Aid. L.C.C., in 
LC.S. 1870-95, author of several statistical works 
on India, &c. : b. 1847. mar. 1874 Constance, dau. 
of the late Heni-y Pyne. Bes., Home Close, 
Kidlington, Oxford. 

BAINES, Frank, M.V.O. (5th Class, 1911). 
Bes., Alicon, Church Hill, Loughton, Essex. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Newhyth. Capt. Sir David 
Baird, 4th Bt. {Jj.K. 1809). M.V.O. (4th Class, 
1909), a D.L. for Co. Haddington, late Black 
Watch : son of 3rd Bt., b. 1865, sue. 1913, mar. 
1901, as 2nd husb., Lilian Gertrude, dau. of Maj.- 
Gen. Jas. Davidson and widow of Maj. E. M. 
Willshire. ^«i> »rcs.,hisbro., William Arthur, 
Maj. Lothians and Bord. Horse Yeom., 
b. 1879, mar. 1908 the under-mentioned La.dy 
Hersey B. ; 2nd heir, latter's son, David Charles, 
b. 1912. Seat, Newbyth House, Prestonkirk, 
Haddingtonsh. ; res., 7, Grosvenor Cresc, Edin- 

*»* This line is a branch of the following. The ist 
Baronet, Sir David Baird, G.C.E., was a distinguished 
military commander who figured at the capture of 
Seringapatam and of the Cape, also at Corunna. 

BAIRD, Baronet's Widow of Newhi/th. Hon, 
Lady B. (nee Hon. Ellen Stuart, dau. of 12th Bn, 
Blantyre), mar. 1864 Maj. Sir David Baird, 3rd 
Bt. (d. 1913). Bes., 46 Chester Sq., S.W. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Sau/jhton. Sir 
William James Gardiner Bainl, 8th Bt. (Scot. 
1695), late Lt.-Col. comdg. Lothians and Ber- 
wicks. Iniper. Yeom. (ret. 1906), formerly Lieut. 
7th Hussars, is a Comniissr. of Supply for Mid- 
lothian : son of 7th Bt., b. 1854, sue. 1896, 
widower, having mar. 1879 Hun. Arabella Rose 
Evelyn Ilozier. dau. of 1st Bn. Newlands (d. 
1916). Heir, his son James Hozier Gardiner 
B., M.C, Capt., actg. Maj., Beds. Regt. (Sp. 
Res.) (b. 1883; 2nd heir, latter's nephew James 
Richard Gardiner, b. 1913). Bes., Glendalough, 
Nth. Berwick, Haddingtonsh. 

BAIRD, Baronet of Urk. Sir Alexander 
Baird, 1st Bt. [U.K. 1897), Lord Lieut, of Kin- I 
cardinesh. and Pres. of its Ten-it. Force Assoc, a ■ 
D.L. for Invemess-sh. and for Co. of City of I 
Aberdeen : son of the late Jno. Baird, b. 1849, 1 
widower (having mar. Hon. Annette M. Falk, ' 
dau. of 1st Bn. Haldon). Heir, liis son Maj. [ 
John Lawrence B., C.M.G., M.P., q.v. (2nd I 
heir, latter's son James Ian, b. 1908). Seat, TJrie. 
Stonehaven, Kincardinesh. I 



Directory of Peerage, 


BAIRD, Hon. Lady— see under above Bt. 
of Newbyth (widow). 

BAIRD, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Con- 
stance Barbara, dau. of the late Edwd. Clark, 
of Chard), mar. 1905 Adm. Sir Jno. K. Erskine 
Baird, K.C.B., of long Naval service (d. 1908). 
Res., Woodside, Wootton, I. of Wight. 

BAIRD, Lt.-Col. (temp. Br. -Gen.) Alexander 
Walter Frederick, CM. G. (1915). D.S.O. (1902), 
Gord. Highldrs. ; S. Africa 1900-2 on Staff, 
Expdtny. Force (with Austral. Fees.), now comdg. 
a Bgde. : b. 1876 (2nd son of above Bt. of Une). 

BAIRD, Lady Ethel Sydney, dau. of gth E. 
of Kintore and wife of the under-mentioned Jno. 
L. Baird, C.M.G., M.P. 

BAIRD, Lady Hersey Constance Evelyn, 
wife of heir to above Btcy. of Newbyth, and 
dau. of 4th Marq. Conyngham. 

BAIRD, Maj. John Lawrence, C.M.G. (1904), 
D.S.O. (1915), Scot Horse Yeom. (Intell. Corps), 
lateaG.S.0, 3rd Grade; Expdtny. Force, M.P. 
for Rugby (C), and Pari. Sec. to Air Board, a 
D.L. for Kincardinesh., has been a 2nd Sec. m 
Diplom. Serv. (Abyssinia and Somaliland) and at 
Buenos Aires : son and heir of above Bt. of Urie, 
b 1874, mar. 1905 the above Lady Ethel B. 
Res., Bilton House, Rugby; 26 Chester St., S.W. 

BAIRSTOW, Leonard, C.B.E. (1917), F.R.S., 
Ch. of Aerodynamics Dept., National Physical 

BAKER, Babonet of Dunstable House. His 
Honour Sir George Shebston Baker, 4th Bt. (Ot. 
Br 1796) , Recorder of Barnstaple and Bideford, 
Judge of County Cts. (Circuit No. 17), has been a 
Revising Ban-ister, an Examiner to the Four Inna 
of Court, and Standing Couns. to the Soc. of 
the Baronetage, is editor of several legal works : 
gt gi-andson of 1st Bt. and 1st cousin once 
rem. of 3id ; b. 1846, sue. 1877, mar. 1912, 2nd 
wife, Mary Josephine, dau. of the late Hy. 
Bacchus. Heir, his son Maj. Dodington Geoege 
Richabd Sherston B., I.M.S. (b. 1877 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's son Humphrey Dodington Benedict 
Sherston, b. 1907). Res., 18 Cavendish Rd., St. 
John's Wd., N.W. ; chambs., isBank St., Lincoln. 

BAKER, Baronet of Loventor—&ee Wilbraham 

BAKER, Baronet of IVemUetj. Sir Randolf 
Littleiiales Baker, 4th Bt. {Z/.K. 1802), B.A., 
Mai., temp. Lt.-Col., Dorset Yeom. and a Spec. 
Serv. Off. Medit. Expd. Force, M.P. forN. Dorset 
(C): son of 3rd Bt., b. 1879, sue. 1900. No 
present heir. Seat, Ranston. Blandford, Dorset ; 
town res., 3 Whitehall Ct., S.W. 

BAKER, Baronet's Widow of Wemhley. Lady 
B (Amy Susan, dau. of Lt.-Col. Geo. Marryat), 
mar. 1875, as 2nd wife. Rev. Sir Talbot H. B. 
Baker, 3rd Bt., Preb. of Salisbury (d. 1900). Res., 
Forest Garden, Burley, Hants. 

BAKER, Knight. Sir Augustine Fitz- 
Gerald Baker, Kt. Bach. (1903), M.A., was Pres. 
1903 of Incorp. Law Soc. of Ireld. : b. 1851. Res., 
56 Merrion Sq., Dublin. 

BAKER, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Mildred 
Marion, dau. of Col, Trevor, R.E.), mar. 1884 Sir 
Edwd. Norman Baker, K.C.S.I., formerly Lt.-Gov. 
of Bengal (d. 1913). Res., The Grove, Stone- 
house, Glos. 

BAKER, Privy Couno. Rt. Hon. Harold 
Trevor i?oiter, P.C. {a.B. 1915), barrister-at-law, 

M.P. (L.) for Accrington ; now D.A.Q.M.G. 
(unp.) as temp. Maj,, has been Fmanc. bee. to 
War Office: b. 1877, son of the late Sir John 
Baker, M.P. ; unmrrd. Res., Sawley Lodge, 
Clitheroe ; 42 Queen Anne's Gt., S.W. 

BAKER, Lt.-Col. Arthur Slade, C.M.G. 
(1915), Army Ordn. Dept. ; Expdtny. Force, b. 
Africa 1900-1 : b. 1863. 

BAKER, Mrs. Cecil (Gwendoline), C.B.E. 
(1917), Hon. Sec. Brit. Ambul. Cmttees. 

BAKER, Edmund Wilfrid, I.S.O. (1911), 
Registrar Govt, of India, Finance Dept., Secre- 
tariat : b. 1867. 

BAKER, Herbert Brereton, C.B.E. (1917). 
F R.S., Prof, of Chemistry. Impl. Coll. of Science, 
S. Kens., andMemb. of French Warfare Advisory 
Cmttee., Min. of Munitions. 

BAKER, John Edgar, M.B.E. (1917), Technical 
Investign. Off., Labom- Supply Dept., Mm. of 
Munitions. j, o v -d 

BAKER, Hon. Mrs. Lloyd, dau. of 18th Bn. 
Willoughby de Broke. 

BAKER, Walter Reginald, C.V.O. (i9»i). 
Sec. to Canadian Pac. Rlwy. : b. 1852. Res,, 

BAKER f CLINTON-) , Rear- Adm. Lewis, C.B. 
(Mil 1916), R.N., Jutland Action, has been Nav. 
A.D.C. to H.M. : b. 1866. 
BAKHSHI— see " Ind. Titles." 
BALA B. VARMA— see"Travancore." 
BALCARRES. Earl oe (Scot 1651) - see 
"Crawford." The present Earl, durmg his 
father's lifetime, was known as ' LorJBalcarres, 
but his son uses " Lord Balniel as his courtesy 

BALCHANDRA-see " Bhalchandra." 
BALD, Maj. John Arthur, C.M.G. (1916), LA. ; 
now comdg. a Batt. Welsh Begt., Chma 1900: 
b. 1876. 

BALDEO SINGH, Raja Sir, K.C.I.E. (1909), 
of Pooneh ; Hon. Maj. in Army. 

■R 4 LDOCK, Mai .-Gen. Thomas Stanford, C.B. 
(Mil 1902) B-A. retd. 1916; S. Africa 1901-2, 
was Bri- -Maj. R.A. in Malta 1890-4, andComdt. 
Scb. of Gunneiy at Shoeburyness 1907 af erwards 
comdg R.A. of 2nd Div. and W. Riding Div. 
(T™iTj : b 1854. Res., Monk Fryston Lodge, 
Sth. Milford, Yorks. 

BALDWIN, Maj. John Grey, C B. (Civ_i9i2), 
late R.A.. now Res. of Offrs., attd. to Hnrs. ; 
Burma 1889-92; S. Africa 1899 -19°^; Brit. 
Cons.-Gen. at Galatz, Rumania, prev. a* Monrovia, 
Lorenzo Marques and Dakar: b. 1867. Club, 
U. Serv. 

BAI.E, Knight's Widow. Lady B (Margaret 
Annie, d^u. of the late W. F. Berning).ma^ 1904, 
as 2nd wife, Hon. Sii- Henry -»«'«' K.C.M.G.,Ch. 
Justice of Natal (d. 1910}. Res., Hillside, Pieter- , 
maritzburg. I 

BALFOUR, family name of Kineoss Barony, , 
q.v. for " Hons.," see below for "Ladies. 

BALFOUR, Baronet. Sir K^''=,?'r,'*^.^^'"'!'; 
1st Bt (U.K. 1911), M.P. for Partick Div. of 1 
llnarksh. (L.). -Pa^tner in Balfour, W^illiamson 
and Co., merchants, Liverpool and London, Chmn. 
London. Bd. Brit, and For. Marme Insur. to. ; | 


Baronetage, Knightage, dtc. 



son of the late James Balfour : b. 1844, mar. 1881 
Josephine, dau. of the late Jas. Beazley, of Liver- 
pool. Heir, hi- son Alexander (b. 1882 ; 2nd 
heir, next son, Alan Scott, b. 1894). i?ra., Lang- 
ham Hall, Colchester ; 7 Prince's Gate, W. 

BALFOUE,, Bishop — see " Bloemfontein (Assis- 

BALFOUR, Knight. Sir Gkahaji Balfour, 
Kt. Bach! (1917), Sec. to Staff ordsh. Educn. 
Cmttee., wrote Life of R. L. Stevenson; son of 
T. Graham B., M.D. 

BALFOUR, Peiv. Counc. (1). Rt. Hon. 
Arthur James Balfour, P.O. {at. Br. 1885, /. 
1887), O.M. (1916), M.A., LL.D., D.C.L.,F.R.S., 
M.P. for City of London (C'.),Sec. of State for 
Foreign Affairs since 1916, late First Lord of the 
Admiralty, a memb. of War Council and of 
Cmttee. of Counc. on Fducn. in Scotld., is an 
Elder Brother of Trinity House, a D.L. for Had- 
dintitonsh.. late leader of the Unionist Party 
(1902-11), -was Pilme Minister and First Lord of 
the Treasury (1902-5) ; is Chancellor of Edinburgh 
Univ., late Lord Rector of St. Andrews and Glas- 
gow, and has been Ch. Sec. for Ireland (1887-91), 
Sec. for Scotland, Fi-es. of Local Govt. Bd.,and 
Assist. Piiv. Sec. to Sec. for For. Affairs, having 
accompanied the Spec. Mission of Lords Beacons- 
field and Salisbury to Berlin in 1878, and under- 
took Spec. Mission to U.S.A. upon their entry 
into the "War ; was- Pres. of Brit. Assoc. 1904 ; 
author of 'Foundations of Belief,' 'A Defence 
of Philosophic Doubt,' and other works : son of 
the late Jas. Maitland Balfour, and of Lady 
Blanche Cecil, sist. of late Marq. of Salisbury; 
b. July 25. 1848 ; unmrrd. Res., Whittingehame, 
Prestonkirk, Haddingtonsh. ; 4 Carlton Gdns., 
Pall Mall, S.W. : Downing St., S.W. 

BALFOUR, Priv. Counc. (2). Rt. Hon. 
Gerald William Balfour, P.C. [Ire.l. 1895, Gt. 
Br. 1900), M.A., late a M.P. (C.) and Pres. of 
Loc. Govt. Bd., prev. of Bd. of Trade and Chief 
Sec, for Ireland : b. 1853 (yoimger bro. of pre- 
ceding), mar. 1887 Lady Elizabeth Edith Lytkm, 
dai3. of 1st E. of Lytton (Lady Betty Balfour). 
Bes., Fishers HiU, Woking, Surrey. 

BALFOUR, Col. (temp. Br. -Gen.) Alfred 
Granville, C.B. (Mil. 1917), retd. 1910, late 
Staff : b. 1858. 

BALFOUR, Andrew, C.M.G. (1912), M.D., 
F.E.C.P., temp. Lt.-Col. A.Med.S., Memb. of 
Advisory and Sanitary Committee for Centr. 
Africa, has been Dir. of Govt. Research Lab., 
Gordon Coll., Khartoum, Med. Off. of Health, 
Kliartoum, and Med. Adv. to Soudan Govt. ; 
served in S. Africa as a civil surg. 1900, author 
both of technical works and of several novels : b. 
1873. Club, Royal Societies. 

BALFOUR, Lady " Bettt," dau. of 1st E. of 
Lytton (q.v.) and wife of the above Rt. Hon. 
Gerald W. Balfour. 

Bn. Ashburton. 

Mrs. Charles, dau. of 5th 

BALFOUR, Lady Frances, dau. of 8th D. of 


BALFOUR, Lady Helena ("Nina"), dau. of 
loth E. of Antrim. 

ander Hugh Sc«ce,6thBn. (Scot.), a. Qcot. Repres. 
Peer (el. 1876), K.T. (1900), P.C. {Gt. Br. 1892), i 

G.C.M.G. (1911), G.C.V.O. (1917), M.A., Hon, 
LL.D. and D.C.L., Lord Warden of the Stan- 
naries and Rider and Master Forester of Dart- 
moor, a Capt. of Roy. Co. of Archers, a D.L. for 
Clackmannan, and Chanc. of St. Andrews Univ., 
late Sec. for Scotland (with seat in the Cabinet), 
formerly Pari. Sec. to Bd. of Trade, a I^ord in 
Waiting to ftueen Victoria, and Capt. Highld. 
Bord. Militia; has been Chmn. of four Com- 
mssns. : son of the late Robert Bruce, a descen- 
dant of 4th Bu. ; b. Jan. 13, 1849 ; sue. 1869, 
when the Barony was reUeved of the attainder 
under which it had lain from 1716 (C); mar. 
1876 Lady Katherine 'Eliza, Hamilton-Gordon, Asm.. 
of 5th E. of Aberdeen. Seat, Kennet, AUoa, 
Clackmannansh. ; town res., 47 Cadogan Sq., 

Creation. Bn. Balfour of Burleigh, Scot. 1607, — Sir 
Michael Balfour (Kt), the ist Bn., was Ambassador to 
the Duke of Tuscany and Lorraine. The attainder was 
pronounced upon the heir of the 4th Bn., but was ulti- 
mately reversed in favour of the line of his sister, wh^ 
had married Brig. -Gen. Alex. Bruce. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {6th) Bn.: 

Hon. Mary, now Hon. Mrs. John Hope, heiress after 
her bro., b. 1877, mar. 1910 Maj. J. A. Hope, M.P., 
heir pres. to Sir A. Hope, Bt., q.v. Res., White- 
house, Musselburgh, Midlothian. 

Hon. Jane Hamilton B., b. 1879. 

The deceased Hon. Kobert B., Master of Burleigh, 
Capt. Argyll and Suthd. Highldrs., b. 1880, killed 
in action, 1914. 

Master of Burleigh, heir to Barony : Hon. George 
Jolm Gordon B., temp. Capt. in Army, and a 
G.8.1 >., 3rd Grade, was attached to Hqrs. as Inter- 
preter, Europ. War 1914-5 : b. 1883. 

Hon. Victoria Alexandrina Katherine B., b. 1898. 

BALGARNIB. Wilfred, O.B.E. (1917), M.B., 
Asst. Coy. Dir. Hants., Brit. Red Cross Soc. 

BALGONIE, Baron {Siot. 1641). atitle of E. of 
Leven and Melville, borne by the heii- when a son. 

BALINHARD, Baron ( U.K. 1869) , Imper. title 
of E. of Southesk. 

BALL, Baronet. Sir (Charles) ArthurKina- 
HAN Ball, 2nd Bt. {TT.K. 1911), M.D., F.R.C.S.I., 
Surg. Sir Patrick Dun's Ho.sp., Dublin, son of 
1st Bt.: b. 1877, sue. 1916, mar. 1907 Elizabeth 
Smyth, dau. of Joseph Smyth Wilson, of Berkeley, 
California. Heir pres., Bt.'s bro. Nigel Gresley 
(b. 1892; 2nd heir, next bro. Ivan Hellicar, b. 
1894). Bes., 24 Merrion Sqr., Dublin. 

BALL, Baronet's Widow. Dowager Lady 
B. (Annie Julia, dau. of the late Daniel Kina- 
han), mar. 1874 Sir Charles Bent Ball, 1st Bt., 
M.D., Hon. Surg, to H.M. in Ireld. (d. 1916). 
Res., White House, Killybegs, Co. Donegal ; 
9 Pembroke Pk., Dublin. 

BALL, Knight's Widow. Ladt B. (Prances 
Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Edwd. Steele), mar. 
1868 Sir Robert S. Ball, F.R.S., formerly Roy. 
Astronorner for Ireland and Prof, ef Astron. and 
Geom. at Cambridge (d. 1913 ; bro. of 1st. Bt.). 
Bes., Cambridge. 

BALL, James Dyer, LS.O. (1908), M.R.A.S., 
late Ch. Interp. to Supr. Ct., Hong Kong : b. 1847. 
Bes., 23 Lancaster Av., Hadley Wood, Middx. 

BALL, Thomas, C.M.G. (1901), Dep. Mayor of 
Cape Town in igoi and 1909 (late Mayor) : b. 1846. 
Bes., Hereford House, Kloof St., Cape Town. 

M.V.O. (4th Class, 1906), F.R.C.S.and Fell. Roy' 
Med.Chirurg. Soc, Ch. Surg. Met. Police, Surg' 



Directory of Peerage, 


and Lect. to St. Thomas's Hosp. and to Nat. Hosp. 
for Paralysed, temp. Col. A.M.S., Expdtny. Force, 
late Pres. of Med. Soc. of Load., Exam, in Siu-g. to 
Lond. Univ., and Hon. Surg, to King Edward's 
Hosp. for Oflfrs. : b. 1856. Res., 106 Harley St., W. 

BALLANTYNE, Knight. Sir Henrv BaUan- 
ti/ne, Kt. Bach. (iqo6), a D.L. for Peeblessh., 
partner in D. Ballantyne and Uo., woollen manu- 
facts., a leading memb. of the Lib. Party in 
Peoblessh. Res., Minden, Peebles. 

BALLAEAT, Bishop op. Rt. Eev. Maxwell 
Homfray MaxweV-Gumbleton, D.D., 3rd Bishop, 
formerly "Vic. of Chippenham and Hon. Canon 
of Bristol: b. 1872, cons. 1917, assumed 1915 
present surnames by deed poll in lieu of Smith. 
Res., Bishopscourt, Ballarat, Victoria. 

BALLARD, Col. (temp. Br.-Gen.) Colin 
Robert, C.B. (Mil. 1916), late Norf. Eegt., has 
been a Bgde. Comdr., now temp, a Mil. Attache ; 
Expdtny. Force, Burma 1891-2, Chitral 1895, 
N.W. Front. 1898, S. Africa 1899-1902: b. 1868. 

BALLARD, Rear-Adm. George Alexander, 
C.B. (Civ. 1913), R.N. , now Adm. of Patrols, prev. 
Dir. of Operations Div., Adm. War Staff, was 
A.D.C. to H.M. ; served in Egypt 1884, Burma 
1885-6, China 1900: b. 1862. Club, Nav. and Mil. 

BALLARD, Henry, C.M.G. (igoi), late Port 
Capt. and Shipping Master at Durban, Natal : b. 
1840. Res., 54 Howard Rd., Freemantle, South- 

BALLINBRLECH, Baron {Scot. 1458), a title 
of E. of Rothes. 

BALLYMOTE, Baron {Irel. 1628) — see 
"Taaffe, Vise." 

BALNLEL. Baron (&// courtesy— Scot. 1651)— 
eld. son and heir of E. of Crawford. 

BALQUHIDDEE, Visco0nt [Scot. 1676), and 
BALQHDR., GLENAL,MOND, &c. (1703)— see 
"Atholl, D. of." 

BALRAMPUR— see "Bhagwati." 

BALRATH, Baron ATUVIER de {Irel. 1718) 
—see " Aylmer, Bn." 

BALVAIRD, Baron [Scot. 1641), a title of the 
Mansfield Earldom. 

BALVENIE, &c., Baron {Scot. 1676) — see 
"Atholl. D. of." 

BALWANT, Rao Bhaiya Scindia, C.V.O. 
(1911), Memb. of the Bd. of Rev., Gwalior State. 

BALWEARIE, &c., Baron (Scot. 1690)— see 
" Leven, E. of." 

BALZO, DuQUESA DEL — see " Del Balzo." 

BAM (STEWART-), Knight. Capt. Su'Pibter 
Canzius van Blommestein Stewart-Bam, Kt. 
Bach. (1907), formerly a M.L.A. of Cape Col., 
Chmn. of Exec. Cmttee. of S. Afr. Products 
Exhibn. 1907, Lt.-Col. 7th Batt. City of Lond. 
Regt. (T.F.), Capt. retd. of Cape Gan-ison Artill., 
served in Boer AVar : b. 1869, mar. 1910 Ena 
Dingwall Tasca, dau. of the late Alex. G. J. 
Stewart, and by R. Warr. assumed addit. name of 
Stewart. Res., Ards, Co. Donegal. 

BAMBER, Col. Charles James, M.V.O. (4th 
class, 1911), LM.S., retd. 1915, has been Insi).- 
Gen. of Civ. Hosps., Punjab, and was a memb. 
; of- Coronation Durbar Committee ; Mahsud 
Waziri 1881, Burma 1886-7, Malakand 1897-8: 
1 b. 1855- 

I BAMBER, Herbert Kelway, M.V.O. (5th 
I Class, 1906), late Major E. Ind. Vol. Rifles and 
Supt. Carriage Dept., E. Ind. Rail. : b. 1862. 
7J«s., 6 Hyde Pk. Mans., Marylebone Rd., W. 

BAMPFYLDE, family name of Poltimorb 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BANBURY, Pbiv. Counc. and Baronet. Rt. 
Hon. Sir Frederick George i?a7ifi7(?7y, P. C. {Gt. Br. 
1916), 1st Bt. {U.K. 1903), M.P. for City of 
London (C), was many years a partner in Fredk. 
Banbury and Sons, stockbrokers : son of the 
late Fi-edk. Banbury, of Shirley, b. 1850, mar. 
1873 Elizabeth Rosa, dau. of the late Thos. B. 
Beale. Sohheir,'hia grandson, Charlus William, 
b. 1915 (posthumous son of Capt. Chas. Wm. B., 
killed in action 1914). Seat, Wameford PI., High- 
worth, Swindon, Wilts. ; town res., 41 Lowndes 
St.. 8.W. 

BANBURY, Lady Beatricjc, dau. of 6th E. of 

BANBURY, Col. (temp. Br.-Gen.) Walter 
Edward, C.M.G. (1916), LA., now comdg. a 
Bgde., prev. a Batt. Notts and Derbv Regt.; 
Burma 1885-7, N.W. Front. 1897-8 : b. 1867. 

BANCROFT, Knight. Sir Squire Bancroft 
Ba?tcroft, Kt. Bach. (1897), formerly an actor of 
established repute, for many years Manager (with 
his wife) of the old Prince of Wales's Theatre, af tds. 
of the Haymarket, since retiremt. has been active 
as a reader on behalf of charities : b. 1841, mar. ' 
1867 Marie Eifle, well-known actress, dau. of the 
late Robt. Pleydel Wilton. Res., Underlea, Sand- 
gate, Kent ; The Albany, Al., W. 

BANDARANAIKE, Knight. Sir Solomon 
DiAs Abbywickrama Jaybtilleke Senewi- 
RATNE Bandaranaike, Kt. Bach. (1907), C.M.G. 
(1902), Maha Mudaliyar of Ceylon, Mohandirum 
of the Governor's Gate, and a native A.D.C. to 
Gov., acted as Extra A.D.C. to H.M. during his 
visit to Ceylon in 1902 : b. 1862, mar. 18— Daisy 
EzHne, dau. of Hon. Sir S. C. Obeyesekere, M.L.C. 
Res., Horagolla, Veyangoda, Ceylon. 

BaNDLNI, Marchese — see " Giustiniani-B.'' 

BANDINI (GIUSTLNIANI-), family name of 
Newburqh Earldom, q.v. for "Ladies" and Hon. 
Giuseppe. (See " Giustiniani " for foreign titles.) 

BANDON, Earl of. Jambs Francis Bernard, 
4th Earl {Irel.), an Irish Repres. Peer (el. 
1881), K.P. (1900), Lieut, of Co. and City of 
Cork (High Sheriff 1875), and Hon. Col. Cork 
Roy. Garr. Res. Artill., was on Staff of 
D. of Abercom (Ld. Lieut. ) 1874-7 : son of 3rd E.; 
b. Sept. 12, 1850 ; sue. 1877 (C.) ; mar. 1876 Hon. 
Georgiana Dorothea Harriet Evans-Freke, dau. of 
7th Bn. Carbery . Seats, Coolkelure, Dunmanway ; 
Castle Bernard, Bandon, both Co. Cork. 

Creations. Irel. : Bn. Baudou, 1793 ; Vise. Bandon, 
179s ; E. of Bandon and Vise. Bernard, 1800.— The ist 
I'eer was M.P, for Bandon. He was awarded the above 
titles succeesively. 

Titled Relatives and Heib. 
(Bernard. ) 
Surviving issue of^rd E. (sistsr of present) : 

Lady Mary Catherine Henrietta, now Lady M. Aid- 
worth, b. 1837, mar. 1863 the late Col. Richd. AVra. A. 
(d. 1899). Res., Newmarket Ct., Newmarket, Co. 
Lady Louisa Albinia B., b. 1841. ) Reg., 78 

Lady Charlotte Esther Emily B., b. 1843. } Chester 
Lady Emma Harriet B., b. 1844. ) Sq., S.W. 

(Present Earl, b. 1850.) 

Lady Kathleen Frances, now Lady K. Oavsaen, b. 
i8S3, mar. 1885 the late Alfd. W. Geo. G. (d. 1910). 
Res., 3 Walpole St., Chelsea, S.W. 
Heir pres. to Earldom (a 1st cousin once rem.) : 
Capt. Ronald Percy Hamilton B., late Rif. Bgde., 
ret. 1910, now Res. of Offrs. and a Brig.-Maj. ; S. 
Africa 1902 : son of the late Capt. Percy Brodrick 
B., and gt. grands, of znd E. ; b. 187s, mar. 1904 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 

BAN 169 

Lettice Mina, dau. of Gerald C. S. Paget, grands, 
of ist M. of Anglesey izud heir, his son, Percy 
Ronald Gardner, b. 1904). 

BANDON BRIDGE, Baron [Irel. 1628) — 
see "Cork and 0.,E. of." 

BANERJEE— gee " Gooroo Dass." 

BANFIELD, Col. Rees John Francis, C.B. 
(Mil. 1900-1 ), Welsh Regt.. retd. (1906), afterwards 
comded. South Wales Terr. F. Brigade: S. 
Africa 1899-1900, late Ch. Staff Otfr. at Gibraltar: 
b. 1850. Ees,, Park View, Poole Rd., Bourne- 

MUDALIAR, Rao Bahadur, CLE. (1912), a 
memb. of Mimic. Comniissn. , Bangalore. 

BANGOR, Bishop of. Rt. Rev. Watkin 
Herbert Williams, D.D,, 72nd Bp.. late Archdn., 
Canon Res., and Dean of St. Asaph: son of Sir 
Hugh Williams, 3id Bt. of Bodelwyddan ; b. 
Aug. 22, 1845 ; mar. 1879. cons. 1899, ent. Lords 
1904 ( C.) . i?f.s. , Glyn Garth Palace, Menai Bridge, 
Anglesey ; Pant Eidal, Machynlleth, Montgom. 

BANGOR, Viscount. Maxwell Richard 
Crosbie Ward, 6th Vise. [Irel.), an Irish 
Repres. Peer (el. 1913), Mttj., attd. to Hqrs., 
A. Ordn. Dept, late R.G. Art. (ret. 1912) and an 
Instr. in Gunnery, has also been Stalf Capt., 1 
R.A., Canada ; is temp. Lt.-CoL Roy. Marines 1 
and Assist. Dir. of Ordnance Servs. R. Nav. Div. , j 
Gallipoli 1915: son of 5th V. ; b. -Njay 4, 1868; [ 
sue. 1911 [U.)\ mar. 1905 Agnes Elizabeth, dau. ! 
of the late Dacre Hamilton. Seat, Castle Ward, 
Downpatrick, Co. Down. 

Titled Relatives. 
Issue of present {6fh) V.: 

Hon. Edward Hkxrt Harold TT., heir to Viscty., 
b. 1905 i2nd heir, his gt. uncle Hon. Bernard, 
Hon. Mary Helen Kathleen W., b. 1909. 
Hon. Helen Elizabeth IF. b. 1912. 
Hon. Margaret Bertha IMeriel ir., b. 1914. 
Surviving issue of yh V. (sists. of present) : 

Hon. Harriette Mary, now Hon. Mrs. John Waller, 
h. 1856, mar. 1881 Maj.-Gen. Jno. Edmd. W. Res., 
Aughnacloy, Killiney, Co. Dublin. 
Hon. Kathleen Annette Norah ir., b. 1839. Res., 

Beechwood, with Visctss. below. 
Hon. Bertha Jane, now Hon. Lady Kennedy, 
b. i860, mar. 1883 Sir Eobt. Juo. A'., K.C.M.G., q.v. 
Hon. Emily Georgiana W., b. 1865. Res., as Hon. 

(Present Viscount, b. 1868.) 
Surviving so7i ■•( 2''d V. (uncle of present) : ' 

Lt.-Gen. Hon. Bernard Matthew W., C.B, (Mil. 
190S), M,aj.-Gen. and Hon. Lt.-Gen., served in 
Crimea, retired 18S6, is Col. Suifolk Regt. : b. 1831, 
mar. 1873, 2nd wife, Laura, dau. of the late Maj.- 
Gen. Evan Maberly, C.B. (Hon. Mrs. Bernard IF.). 
Res., Staplecrosfl, Christchurch, Hants. 
~ Daus.-in-law : 

Hon. Mrs. William W. (Evelyn Sophia, dau. of the 
lateLt.-Col. Hon. Richd. Hare, bro. of and E. of 
Listowel), mar. 1875 the late Adm. Hon. Wm. 
Jno. ir.. of long nav. and diplom. service (d. 1900). 
Res., Bowls, Chigwell Row, Essex. 
Hon. Mrs. Somerset ir. (Norah Mary Elizabeth, dau. 
of the late Lord Geo. Aug. Hill, son of znd M. 
of Uownshire), mar. 1859 the late Capt. Hon. 
Somerset R. H. A. 11'. id. 1912). Res., Green- 
mount, Newcastle, Co. I)o\vn. 
BANGOR, Viscount's Widow. Elizabeth, 
Viscountess B., dau. of the late Maj. Hugh 
Eccles, mar. 1874, as 2nd wife, 5th Vise. Bangor, 
an Irish Rep. Peer (d. 1911). ifes., Beechwood, 
Killiney, Co. Dublin. 

BANISTER, Bishop— see " Hunan." 
BANISTER, Col. Fitzgerald Mcirson, C.M.G. 
(1917), R.F.A. ,retd. 1904: b. 1853. 

BANKART, Fleet-Surg. Arthur Reginald, 
C.V.O. (ign), M.B., R.N., Fell, of Soc. of Trop. 
Medicine nnd Hygiene, is Surg, in Roy. Yacht 
' Victoria and Albert,' and Hon. Phys. to H.M. ; 
Jutland : b. 1868. Cluh, Hoy. Socs. 

BANKES, Priv. and Knight. Rt. 
Hon. Sir John Eldon Bankes, P.C. {G.B. 1915), 
Kt. Bach. (1910), apptd. K.C. 1901, a Lord 
Justice of Appeal, prev. a Judge of the King's 
Bench Div. of the High Ct., and late Chanc. of St. 
Asaph, is Vice-Lieut, of Flintshire : b. 1854, 
mar. 1882 Edith, dau. of R. P. Ethelston. Res., 
Soughton Hall, Northop, Flints. ; 45 Eaton Sq., 

BANKS, Knight's Widow, remrrd. Lady B. 
(Elizabeth Rathbone, dau. of Jno. Elliott), 
mar., 1st, 1874, Sir Wm. Mitchell Banks, M.D., 
Emeritus Prof, of Anatomy in Univ. Coll., 
Liverpool (d. 1904) ; 2ndly, 1908, Thos. E. 
Barlow — retaining title by courtesy. Bes., 
13 Auckland Cres., Belsize Pk., N.W. 

BANNER (HARMOOD-), Knight. Sir John 
Sutherland TIarmood-Banner, Kt. Bach. (1913), 
M.P. ( U.) for Everton, a D.L. for Chesh. (High 
Sheriff 1902), has been Lord Mayor of Liverpool 
and Pres. of the Institute of Chartered Account- 
ants and of the Assoc, of Municipal Corporations : 
b. 1847, mar. 1876 Elizabeth, dau. of the late 
Thos. Knowles, M.P. Bes., Aston Hall, Preston 
Brook, Chesh. 

BANNERMAN, Baronet. Maj . Sir Alexan- 
der Bnnnerman, 11th Bt. {Scot. 1682), late R.E., 
ret. 1912, is Lt.-Col. N. Staffs. Regt. (Terr.); 
served in S. Africa 1899-1902, aftds. Comdt. 
Air Battalion, Aldershot : son of ioth Bt., 
b. 1871, sue. 1901. Heir pres., his 3rd cous., Lt.- 
Col. Wyndham Philip B. (b. 1870 ; 2nd heir, 
latter's 1st cous. Lt.-Col. Arthur, C.V.O. , below). 
Bes., 1256 St. James's Ct., Buckingham Gate, 

BANNERJVL4N, Lt.-Col. Arthur D'Arcy 
Gordon, C.V.O. (1911), CLE. (1903), I.A., a 
Polit. Agent in Rajputana, was Sec. of Executive 
Committee, Coronation Durbar: b. 1866 (descen- 
dant of 2nd Bt. I. Cluh, Nav. and Mil. 

BANNERMAN, Surg. -Gen. William Burney, 
C.S.L (1911), M.D., I.M.S., an Hon. Phys. to 
H.M. ; Burma 1885-9, now Surg.-Gen. with Govt, 
of Madras, prev. Dir. Bombay Bacteriological 
Lab. : b. 1858. 

BANON, Col. Frederick Lionel, C.B. (Mil. 
1916), late Shrops. L.I., now a Bgde. Comdr., 
Expdtny. Force, Sudan 1885, S. Africa 1899-1902 : 
b. 1862. 

Bahadur, 2nd Land Acquisition Off., Calcutta. 

BANTRY, Earldom op {Irel. iS'S)— extinct 
from 1891 at deat'n of 4th E. (surname White). 

Surviving Relatives. 
Daus. of 2rd E. (sists. of 4th and last) : 

Lady Olivia Charlotte, now The Lady Ardilaun, b. 
1850, mar. 1871 the late Bn. A. (d. 19151, q.v., 
Lady Jane Frances Anna, now Lady J. Kenney- 
Herbert, b. 1857, mar. 1876 the late Edwd. Maxwell 
K.-H. (d. 1916). Res., 6 WoodfieldRd., Ealing, W. 

BANTRY, Earl's Widow (epmnri.). Countess 
OF B. (now by 2nd miTge. The Lady Trevor, which 
title she adopts), mar., 1st, 1S86, 4th E. of Bantry 
(d. 1891) ; 2nd]y, 1897— see "Trevor, Bn." 

lyo BAN 

BANWAK PAL— see "KarauU." 
BAPU SAHEB GHATZE, CLE. (1906), Senior 
of the Chiefs of Kagal, Kolhapur: bears the 
title Pirajirao, b. 1876. 

BARBADOS, Bishop of. Bt. Rev. Alfred 
Pakenoam Berkeley, D.D., 6th Bp. (including 
Windward Is.), late Dean of St. Michael Cath., 
Barbados, prev. Reot. of St. Philip there: b. 1862, 
apptd. 1917. Res., Bishop's Ct., Barbados. 

BARBER, William David, LS.O. (1912), Ch. 
Civil Asst. to Hydrographer, Admiralty: b. 1861. 
BARBOUR, Knight. Sir David Miller 
Barbour, K.C.S.I. (1889), K.C.M.G. (1899), late 
Financ. Memb. Counc. of Viceroy of India ; has 
served on various Commssns., chiefly financial, in 
W. Indies, India, S. Africa, and at home, is Dep. 
Chmn. E. Indian Rly. : b. 1841, mar. 1883 
Katherine Constance, dau. of the late Thos. 
Gribble. fles., Tiltwood, Crawley Down, Sussex. 
BARCLAY, Baeonet. Sir David Edward 
Ddrell Barclay, 12th Bt. {Scot. 1668), Capt. 
formerly 19th Hussars, served in Egypt and 
Soudan, now a Rly. Transp. Oflf. : son of nth 
Bt., b. 1858, sue. 1896. mar. 1889 Letitia, dau. of 
Hon. Amias C. Orde-Powlett, bro. of 3rd Bn. 
Bolton. Heir pres., his bro. Robert Cecil db 
Belzim (b. 1862; and heir, next bro., Cohille 
Adrian de Rime, C.B.E., q.v.). Seat, The Grove, 
Middleham, Yorks. 

BARCLAY, Baronet's Widow. Louise Lady 
B. (MelanieLouise, dau. of the late Mods. E. J. de 
Belzim, of Mauritius), mar. 1855 Sir Colville A. 
D. Barclay, nth Bt. (d. 1896). Ses., 6 Avenue 
Marceau, Paris. 

BARCLAY, Knight (1). Sir George Head 
Barday, K.C.S.L (1913), K.C.M.G. (1908), C.V.O. 
(1906), Env. Extraord. and Min. Plen. to 
Roumania sihce 1912, prev. at Teheran and at 
Constantinople and has been 1st See. at Tokio, 
has also held posts at Washington, Rome, and 
Madrid : b. 1862, mar. 1891 Beatrix Mary Jay, 
dau. of Hy. G. Chapman, of New York." 2ies., 
Brit. Legat., Bucharest. 

BARCLAY, Knight (2). Sir Thomas Barclay, 
Kt. Bach. (1904), Ph.D., LL.B.. late M.P. (L.) for 
Blackburn, Vice-Pres. of Inst. Internat. Law 
Assoc, and memb. of Supr. Counc, Belgian Congo, 
has been Exam, in Jm-ispr. to Oxfd. Univ. 
and Pres. of Brit. Chamb. of Commerce in Paris, 
was Paris Corresp. of the Times 1876-82, and is 
author of " Problems of Internat. Practices and 
Diplomacy," &c. : b. 1853, mar. 1877 Marie 
Therese, dau. of R. Teuscher, M.D., of Rio. 
Bes., 60 Nevem Sq., S.W. ; 13 Old Sq., Line. Inn, 
W.C. ; and 17 Rue Pasquier, Paris. 

BARCLAY, Knight (3). Sir Thomas Barclay, 
Kt. Bach. (1908), of Birmingham: b. 1839, mar. 
1893, 2nd wife, Mary Dingley, dau. of the late 
Edwd. Pethybridge. Bes., The Uplands, Black- 
well, Bromsgrove, Wore. ; Tresyllcam, Port 
Isaac, Cornwall. 

BARCLAY, Hon. Mrs. Cajteeon, dau. of 3rd Bn. 

BARCLAY, Colville Adrian db Rune, 
C.B.E. (1917). M.V.O. (4th Class, 1903), Coun- 
cillor Brit. Embassy at Washington, prev. at 
Paris: b. 1869 (bro." and 2nd heir of above Bt.). 
Club, St. James's. . 

BARCLAY, Hon. Mrs. Evelyn, dau. of Bn. 

Directory of Peerage, 


BARCLAY, Col. Henry Albert, C.V.O. (1906), 
T. Dec., B.A., late comdg. the King's Own Norf. 
Yeom., is an A.D.C. to H.M., has been a Commr. 
of Taxes and Lunacy, a D.L. for Norfolk and 
Surrey: b. 1858. i?«s., Han worth Hall, Norwich; 
The Grange, Cromer. 

BARCLAY, Col. Hugh Gurney, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, igog), M.A., late comdg. 4th Batt. Norf. 
Regt. (Terr.), is a Dir. and late V.-Chaii-man of 
Messrs. Barclay & Co., Ltd. : b. 1851. Res., Colney 
Hall, Norwich. 

BARCLAY, Col. Reginald, C.B. (Civ. 1911), 
late comdg. 3rd Bn. Wilts. Regt. (Sp. Res.) ; 
served in St. Helena during S. African War, 
1901 : b. 1861. Res., Wispers, Midhurst, Sussex. 

BARCLAY, Robert Buchanan, LS.O. (1902), 
late a Gen. Supt. and Insp. Offr. of Health in 
Loo. Govt. Bd. Sootld. : b. 1843. Res., 17 Inver- 
leith Gdns., Edinburgh. 

BABDSWELL, Noel Dean, M. V. O. (4th Class, 
1916), M.D., Med. Suptdt. K. Edward VII.'s 
Sanatorium, Midhurst, Sussex. 

BAREFOOT, Col. George Henry, C.B. (Mil. 
1917), C.M.G. (1915), L.R.C.P. Ed., a Kt. of Grace 
St. John of Jerus., R.A.M.C. ; E.xpdtny. Force, 
HazaraExpdn. 1888: b. 1864. 

BABHAil, Baron (U.K. 1805)— see "Gains- 
borough, E. of." 

BARING, family name of the Northbrook 
and Cromer Earldoms, and of the Ashburton 
and Rbvelstoke Baronies. Index to the various 
lines as initialled : 

Hu.Alex.F.St.V.A. Ly. Evelyn, R. Hn. Maurice, R. 
Hn. Alex. Hy. a. Hn. Everard, r. Hn. Mrs.Nigel, sep. 
iln. Alice, n. Hn. Fredk.Arth.A.Ly. Rosemary E.c. 

Hn.Alma Madel.A.Ly. Grace Eliz. k. Ly.Ulrica, r. 
Lgela .Mild.A.Hn Mrs. Guy, a. Hn. Venetia, 

Hu. CarvlDigby,A.Ly. Gweneth, c. Hn. Violet, 
Hu. Cecil. K. Hn. Hugo, r. Ly.Vioj ■■ 

Hn. Evelyn, c. Hn. Jlarj. Mabel.A.Hn. Wi 

Ly. Violet Mary, c. 

Sir Fras. Baring, ist 1 

2nd Bt. ist Ashburton. Hy. Baring. 

I I I I I 

Bn. Nthbk. a Ashbn. 3 Aehbn. i Rvlstk, z Cromer. 

ist E. of Nthbk. 4 Ashbn. 2 Rvlstk. 2 Cromer. 

id E. of Nthbk. 

S Ashbn. 

BARING, Baronet. Sir Godfrey Baring, 1st 
Bt. (f^.A". 1911), M.P. for Barnstaple (L.), late 
Pari. Sec. to Pres. of Bd. of Eduon. (Rt.Hon. S. C. 
Buxton), a D.L. and Chrmn. of the C.C, Isle of 
Wight, was High Sheriff of Hants. 1897 ; son of 
the late Lt.-Gen. Chas. B. and grandson of Hy. 
Bingham B. , M.P., half-bro. of 1st Bn. Revelstoke 
and of E. of Cromer : b. 1871, mar. 1898 Eva Her- 
mione, dau. of the late Alex. A. Mackintosh of 
Mackintosh. Beir, his son Charles Christian, 
2nd Lieut. Coldst. Gds. (Sp. Res.) (b. 1898; 2nd 
heir, next son, Raymond Alexander, b. 1912). 
Sent, Nubia House, Cowes ; toum res., 7 Cromwell 
Rd., S.W. 

BARING, Viscount {ILK. 1876), a title of E. 
of Northbrook, borne by the heir when a son. 

BARING, Hon. Mrs. Nigel, dau. of 2nd Bn. 


Baronetage, Knightage, &c. 



BAEKEE, Knight (1). Sir Francis H. 
Barlter, Kt. Bach. (1917). ''^as very actively inter- 
ested in development of the Parsons turbine, 
both land and marine, in Europe, is a Dir. of 
Vickers, Ltd., andChmn. of Eusso-BritishChamb. 
of Commerce : b. 18^, mar. Aimee, dau. of late 
Arthur de Vere. 

BAEKEE, Knight (2). Col. Sir Francis 
"William James Barker, Kt. Bach. (1906). E.A. 
retd. (1898), sei-ved in Abyssinia 1867-8 : b. 1841, 
mar. 1873 Charlotte Jessie, dau. of the late Jno. 
Foster. Res., Essex Lodge, Folkestone. 

BAEKEE, Knight (3). Sir- Frederick 
Eustace Barker. Kt. Bach. (igiS"!- M.A., D.C.L., 
Ch. Just, of Supreme Ct. of New Bi'unswick 
J908-14, apptd. Q.C. 1873, a Judge of the 
Supreme Ct. 1893 : b. 1838, mar. 1877, 2nd wife. 
Mary Ann, dau. of the late B. E. Black, of 
Halifax. Des., The Cedars, Mt. Pleasant, St. 
John, New Bmnswick. 

BAEKEE, Knight (4). Maj.-Gen. Sir George 
Barker, K.C.B. (Mil. 1911), ret. same year ; Egj-pt 
1882, Bechuanald. 1884-5, late Assist.-Insp. of 
Fortiflcns. and Insp. of E.E., aftds. comdg. 
Eastern Coast Defences: b. 1849, mar. 1888 as 
belovc. Res., Stanford PL, Faringdon, Berks. 

BiVEKEE, Knight's Widow {remrrd.). Lady 
B. (Katherine Weston, dau. of Bdwd. G. Elwes) : 
mar. 1st 1902, as 2nd wife. Gen. Sir Geo. Digby 
Barker, G.C.B. (d. 1914) ; 2ndly 1916, Maj. Ernald 
Barnardiston, E.E., son of Lady Florence B. 
Res., Clare, Suffolk. 

BAEKEE, Hon. Lady, dau. of 1st Bn. 
Addington and wife of above Kt. (4). 

BAEKEE, Maj. John Stafford, M.V.O. (4th 
Class, 1911), E.E., was on spec, duty at Corona- 
tion Durbar : b. 1879. 

BAEKEE, Maj.-Gen. John Stewart Scott, 
C.B. (Mil. 1903), E.A., retd. 1916; S.Africa 1899- 
1902, late comdg. E.A., Malta, and a memb. of 
Ex. Counc. there: b. 1853. 

BAEKEE, (Miss) Lilian C. , C.B.E. (1917), Lady 
Supdt., Women's Welfare Dept., E. Ordnance 
Factories, Woolwich. 

BAEKEE, Eayner Childe, CLE., (1889). 
een'ed as Engr. in Burma 1886-8, Hazara 1888 
and 1891, now Dir. Pers. Sectn. of Lido-Eui-op. 
Telegs. : b. 1858. Res., Teheran. 

BAEKEE, Col. William Frank, C.M.G. (1907), 
D.S.O. (1900-1), Hon. Col. in Army, comdg. a 
Serv. Bn. Wore. Eegt., fonnerly S. African Lt. 
Horse; Boer War 1900-1, Disturbances in Natal, 
1906. Address, Box 4444, Johannesburg. 

BAEKLSTG, Bishop of. Et. Eev. Thomas 
Stevens, D.D., F.S.A., Bp. Suff. in Chelmsford 
Dioo., and Archdn. of Essex, late Vic. of St. John's, 
Stratford, E., prev. Vic. of Saffron Walden, 
Hon. Canon of St. Albans, and Eur. Dean of 
Barking: b. 1842, mar. 1866, cons. 1901. Res., 
Grove Ho., Wanstead. 

BAEKLY, Knight's Widow. Lady 5. (Anne 
Maria. daLi. of the late Maj.-Gen. Sir Thos. S. 
Pratt, K.C.B.) , mar. i860, as 2nd wife, Sir Henry 
Barkly, G.C.M.G., formerly a M.P. and Gov. of 
the Cape, Jamaica, and other Colonies (d. 1898). 
Res., 1 Collingham PL, S. Kens., S.W. 

BAELAS, Alexander Eichard, LS.O. (1917), 
M.A.,Sec. Loc. Govt. Bd., Ireland. 

BAELING, Lt.-Col. (temp. Col.) Henry Gil- 
bert, C.B. (Mil. 1917),F.E.C.S., E.A.M.C. (Terr.). 

BAELING. Joseph, LS.O. (1905), -^^I-C-E-' 
late a Commissr. of Pub. Serv. Bd., N.S.W. : 
b. 1839. Res., 8 Avenue IMnsns., Fmchley Kd., 

BAELOW, Baronet of Bradwall Hall. Sir John 
Emmott Barlow, 1st Bt. ((7.iC.. 1907), M.P. for 
Frome Div. (£.), a G.Ald.. for Cheshire, barrister- 
at-law, Sen. Partner in firms of Thos. Barlow 
and Bro.: son of the late Thos. Barlow, 
b. 1857, mar. 1895 the under-mentioned Hon. 
Lady Barlow. Heir, his son John Denman (b., 
i8q8 ; 2nd heir, next son, Thomas BradwaU, b. 
IQOO). Seats, &c., Torkington Lodge, Hazelgrove, 
Stockport; Bryn Eii'ias, Colwyn Bay, Denbighsh. 

BAELOW, Baronet of Fort William. Col. 
Sir HiLARO William Wellesley Barlow, 5th Bt. 
(f/'.A-. 1803), C.B. (Civ. 1913), R-A., Supt of Eoy. 
Laboratory at "V^oolwich Arsenal : son of 4th iit., 
b 1861, siic. 1904, mar. 1891 Victona Kathenne, 
dau. of the late Col. Hugh E. Hibbert. Heir, his 
son Eichard Hugh (b. 1904 ; 2nd neir next son, 
Christopher Mark, b. 1908). Res., 18 Kidbrook 
Grove, Blackheath, S.E. 

BAELOW, Baronet of London. Sir Thomas 
Barlow, istBt.(C-^.A-. 1902),K.C.V.0 (i90i),M D., 
Hon. D.Sc, D.C.L. and LL.D., F.E.S., F.E C.P. 
(Pi-esdt. since 1910), Cons. Phys. to King 
George (Eed Cross), Gt. Ormond St. and Univ. 
CoU. Hospitals, Phys. Extraord. to H.M., 
formerly to Queen Victoria, was Phys. to 
the Househd. of King Edward, and Pres. 
Intemat. Med. Congress held in London 1913, is 
author of numerous med. works, and late Lt.- 
Col. 3rd Lond. Gen. Hosp. (Terr.): son of the late 
Jas. Barlow of Edgworth ; b. 1845, mar 1880 Ada 
Helen, dau. of the late Patk. Dalmahoy, W.S. 
Heir, his son James Alan Noel (b. 1881 ; 2nd 
heir, latter'sson, Thomas Erasmus^ b. 1914). Af^, 
BosweUs, Wendover, Bucks. ; 10 Wimpole bt., W. 

BAELOW, Hon. Lady, sist. of 31'd Bn. Den- 
man and wife of above Bt. of Bradwall. 

BAELOW, George Thomas, CLE. (1915), 
Ch. Engr. Irrigation Br., Pub. Wks. Dept, U.P., 
India : b. 1865. 

BAELOW, Col. John, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1909), 
V.D., Hon. Col. 8th Batt. Jilanchester Eegt. 
(Ten-.), and Maj. T. F. Ees., Vice-Pres. and 
memb. of Counc. Nat. Eif. Assoc. 

BAENAED, Baron. Henry Db Vbre Vane, 
9th Bn. {Eng.), B.A., Hon. D.C.L., bamster- 
at-law, a D.L. for Durham, a Memb. of Senate 
Duiham Univ., Hon. Col. 4th Batt. Durh. L.I. 
(Spec. K.), formerly in the Charity Commissn. 
and Lieut. N'thants. Mil. : son of Sir Henry M. 
Vane and a remote cousin of 8th Bn., the 4th D. 
of Cleveland (q.v.), whose titles became extinct 
at his death with the exception of this Barony : 
b May 10, 1854; sue. 1891, and claim admitted 
1892 iU.) ; mar. 1881 Lady Catherine Sarah Cecil, 
dau. of 3rd M. of Exeter. ~ Seat, Eaby Castle, 
Darlington; town res., 20 Belgrave Sq., S.W. 

Creation. Bn. Barnard, Eng. 1698. -The ist Bn. was 
the Rt. Hon. Christopher Vane, son of bir Henry 
Vane, perhaps best known by the exclamation rf 
CromVell on dissolving the Lo/^S Parliament ; after- 
wards treacherously beheaded under Ch.arles U. Ihe 3rd 
Bn. was made Earl of Darlington, and the 3rd iarl 
e Duke of Cleyeland-both titles extinct. 

1 below. 

Titled Kelatites. 


Issue of present [gth) Bn. ; „ „ . „ , , 

The deceased Hon. Henry Cecil V., Maj.^R.A.: b. 

1882, d. in France 1Q17, having mar. "" 



Directory of Peerage, 


Hon. Christopher William V., heir to Barony, 

Capt. Westmd. and Cumb. Yeo., b. 1888 
Hon. Ralph Frederick V., zaA Leir, B.A.,Capt., <lth 

Bn. Durham L.I. fsip. Res.), attd. Garr. Batt. 

Yorks. L.I., b. i8Qi,mar. 1917 Kath'een Airini.dau. 

of Capt. (iilbert Mair, N.Z. i'cee. (Hon. Mrs. 

Ralph v.). 

Dau.-in-Iaw : 

Lady Enid V., ndehndy Enid Victoria Rachel Fane, 
dau. of 13th E. of Westmoreland, mar. 1914 the 
above Hon. Henry V., widow. 
Bro. and sist. of present Bn. (granted rank of 
Bns.' cMldren 1892) : 
(Present Baron, b. 1854.) 

Hon. Louisa Henrietta, now Hon. Mrs. William 
Rennell, b. 1856, mar. 1891 the late Wm. Blackstone 
R. (d. 1912). Res., 62 Eaton PI., S. W. 
Hon. William Lyonel V., Hon. Col., late comdg. 6th 
Batt. Durham l^.I. (Terr.), prev. Maj. ist (line) Batt., 
served in S. Africa 1900-2, is a D.L. for Co. Durham 
and Vice-Chan. Terr. Force Assoc. : b. 1859, mar. 
1004 Lady Katharine Louisa Fakenham. dau. of 
4th E. of Longford. Res., Haughton Hall, 
— Sisfs. -in-law: - 

Hon. Mrs. Gilbert V. (Mary, dau. of the late E. B. 

Steedman), mar. 1891 the late Rev. the Hon. 

Gilbert Holies Farrer V. (d. 1905). Res., Lynn 

Allen, Truro. , ^ , 

Lady Katharine F., wife of Hon. W. Lyonel V. above. 

BARNARD, Knight. Sir Herbert Barnard, 
Kt. Bach. (1898), r.S.A., a banker, was Chmn. 
Pub. Works Loan Conunssn. 1884-1908: b. 1831, 
mar. 1854 Ellen, dau. of the late Wm. WjTidham, 
M.P. Res., Burrows-Lea, Sbere, Guildford; 
23 Portland PL, W. 

BARNARD, Andrew Biooe, CLE. (1911), 
Bengal Police Dept., late comdg. a Prisoners' 
Camp as temp. Maj., has been Dep. Dir. Crim. 
Intell. Govt, of India : b. 1868. Club, Windham. 

BARNARD, Lieut. Edward Adair, M.V.O. 
(5th Class, 1917), B.E.F. 

BARNARD, Joseph Terence Owen, CLE. 
(1913), Prov. Civ. Serv., Burma, is Assist. Supt. 
of the Kaohin Hills, Myitkyina Dist. 

BARNARDISTON, Maj. -Gen. Nathaniel 
Walter, M.V.O. (4th Class, 1904), late Middlesex 
Begt., has eomd. troops in N. China; S. 
Africa 1901-2, has been A.D.C. to Gov. 
of Bermuda and Mil. Attach^ to Northn. Cts., 
also 2nd in Comd. Roy. Mil. Coll., and a General 
Staff Officer at War Office : b. 1858 (grands, of 
4th B. of Dartmouth). i?«s., The Byes, Sudbury, 

BARNES, family name of Gorell Barony, q.v. 
for Hon. Aura. 

BARNES, Knight. (1) Sir Frederic 
Gorell Barws, Kt. Bach. (1916), M.A., J.P. and 
D.L. Kent, barrister-at-law, formerly a M.P., 
Vice.-Pres. Couno. Tariff Reform League, Chmn. 
1914-16 Greyholme Convalescent Home for 
Wounded and Refugees, Comssry. Hawkhmst 
Dist. for Kent Vol. Force; b. 1856, son of late 
Chas. Bamos, mar. 1894 Caroline Anne, dau. of 
Sir Roper Lethbridgc, K.C.LE. Res., Eyot Wood, 
Bhiplakc, Oxon. 

BARNES, Knight (2). Sir George Staptlton 
Barnes, K.C.B. (Civ. 1915 ; C.B., Civ. 1909), 
barrister-at-law, a Memb. of Viceroy'.s Council 
(for Commerce) from March, 1916, has been Joint 
Bee. Bd. of Trade, Comptr. Labour Dept. and of 

Companies Dept., and Sen. Offic. Receiver, 
Companies Windine:-up Dept. : b. 1858 (descndt. 
of 4th Vise. Chetwynd), mar. 1887, Sybil de 
Goumay, dau. of the late Charles Buxton, M.P. 
Res., Foxholm, Cobham, Surrey. 

BARNES, Knight (3). Sir Hugh Shake- 
spear Barnes, K.C.S.I. (1903), K.C.V.O. (same 
year), late Lt.-Gov. of Burma, prev. For. Sec. 
to Ind. Govt., Ch. Commissr. in Baluchistan, 
Resid. in Kashmir, &c., aftds. a memb. of 
Counc. of Sec. for India, is Chmn. Imper. Bank 
of Persia : b. 1853, mai. 1894, 2nd wife, Edith 
Helen, dau. of the late Rev. Regd. Barnes. Bes., 
Woodlands Corner, West Byfleet, Surrey. 

BARNES, Pkiv. Counc. Bt. Hon. George 
NiCOLL Barnes, P.C. [Ot. Br. 1916), M.P. for 
Blackfriars Div. of Glasgow {Lab.), Min. without 
portfolio and memb. of the War Cabinet since 
1917, prev. Min. of Pensions, and late Chmn. 
Roy. Patriotic Fund Com., has been Gen. Sec. of 
Amalg. s^oc. of Engrs. and Chmn. Parly. Labour 
Party: b. 1859, mar. 1882. iJes., 2 Alderbrooke 
Rd., Balham, S.W. 

BARNES, Alexander, I.B.O. (1915), Accnt.- 
Gen. , Board of Trade. 

BARNES, John Frederick Evelyn, C.M.G. 
(1901), M.I.C.E.,Ch. Engr.of Pub. Works Dept., 
Natal, assisted in mil. operations 1899-1900 : b. 
1851. Jies., 45 Burger St., Pietermaritzburg. 

BARNES, Col. Osmond, CB. (Mil. 1893), 
LA. Supemum. List; Mutiny, Abyss., Afghn. 
187S-9 and Zhob Valley, proclaimed Qn. Victoria 
as : b. 1834. Bes., 40 Mount Park Rd., 
Ealing, W. 

BARNES, Lt.-Col. (temp. Maj. -Gen.) Reginald 
Walter Ralph, C.B. (Mil. i9i6),D.S.O. (1900-1), 
loth Hussars, a Div. Comdr., was Comdt. 2nd 
Batt. Imper. Yeom. in S. Africa 1899-igoo. late 
an Instr. in Cav. Sch. and A.D.C. to Vise. 
Kitchener, aftds. Assist. Mil. Sec. to Gen. Sir H. 
Bundle in Malta : b. 1871. Club, Cavah-y. 

BARNETT, Alfred John, M.V.O. (5th Class, 
1912), Senior Pilot (King's), Portsmouth Dock- 
yard : b. 1857. 

BARNETT, Lady Aline, dau. of 3rd E. of 

BARNETT, (Mrs.) Henrietta Octavia, CB.E. 
(1917), has done valuable social work in con- 
nection with the War. 

BARNETT, Hon. Mrs. Charles, dau. of 1st 
Bn. Ormathwaite. 

BARNEWALL, family name of Trimlestown 
Barony, q.v. for " Hons." 

BARNEWALL, Baronet. Sir John Robert 
Barnewall, nth Bt. {Irel. 1623 N.S.), gt. gt. grand- 
son of 7tli Bt. and 2nd cous. once rem. of 10th ; 
b. 1850, sue. 1909, mar. 1884 Grace, dau. of Arthur 
B. Blennerhassett. Heir, his son Reginald 
John (b. 1888 ; 2nd heir, next son, Arthm- Walter 
Aylmer, b. i8go) . Bes., Thornton Upper, Victoria, 

BARNHAM, Henry Dudley, C.M.G. (1897), 
Cons. -Gen. at Smyi-na till outbreak of war, prev. 
Ispahan, and Consul at Smyrna, Suakin, Aleppo, 
&c. : b. 1854. 

BARNSLEY, Knight. Brig.-Gen. Sir John 
Barnsley, Kt. Bach. (1914). V.D., Lt.-Col., Hon. 
Br.-Gen. in Army and attd. to Hqrs., Li.-Col. 
T.F. Res., late Lt.-Col. comdg. 5th Battn. R. 


Baronetage, Knightage, d&c. 



"Warwicksh. Regt. (Terr.), has been a Bgde. 
Comdr. : b. 1858, mar. 1882 Ellen Rutherford, dau. 
of the late Robt. Davis, of Wandsworth. Ees., 
Earlsfield, Woodboume Rd., Edg-baston. 

BARODA, the Gaekwar of. H.H. Maharaja 
SirSATAJi B.xo, Bahadur, G.C.S.I. (1887), a Ruling 
Chief of India: b. 1863, mar. 1885, 2nd wife, 
Chinmabai (H.H. the Maharani Gaekwar), C.I. 
Res., Baroda, Western India. 

BARR, Knight. Sir James Barr, Kt. Bach. 
(1905), M.D., LL.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.E., Pres. 
Brit. Med. Assocn., 1912, Cons. Phys. L'pool Roy. 
Infii-ffi. : b. 1849, mar. 1882 Isabella Maria, dau. of 
J. WooUey. Res., 72 Rodney St., L'pool. 

BARR, Knight's Widow. Lady B. (Con- 
stance, dau. of the late Maj.-Gen. J. G. Scott), 
mar. 1871 Lt.-Col. Sir David Wm. B., K.C.S.I., 
I. A. (d. 1916). Res., 92 Onslow Gdns., S. Kens., 

BARR, Com. James, C.B. (Mil. 1915), R.N E., 
eomdd. H.M S. Carmania : b. 1855. 

BARRAN, Baronet. Sir John Nicholson 
Barmn, 2nd Bt. {U.K. 1895), B.A., M.P. for 
Hawick Burghs (I/.), Pari, Priv. Sec. to Mr. 
Asquith, late to Home Sec. (Mr. H. Samuel), prev. 
Pari. Sec. to Sec. of Loc. Govt. Bd. : son of 
the late Jno. Barran, eld. son of 1st Bt. ; b. 1872, 
sue. 1905, mar. 1902 Alice Margarita, dau. of the 
Rev. Leighton Parks, D.D., of New York. Heir, 
his son John Leighton (b. 1904; 2nd heir, next 
son Edward Nicholson, b. 1910). Res., Sawley 
Hall, Ripon. 

BARRAN, Knight. Sir Rowland (Hirst) 
Bnrran, Kt. Bach. (1917), M.P. forN. Leeds {L.) 
since 1902, Dir. of John Barran & Sons, Ltd., 
Leeds : son of Sir John B., 1st Bt., and uncle of 
present : b. 1858, mar. 1909 2nd wife, Louise, dau. 
of J. Stevenson Brown, of Montreal. Seat, Leatli- 
ley Hall, Otley, Yorks. ; 24 Queen's Gate, S.W. 

BARRATT, Maj.-Gen. William Cross, C.B. 
(Mil. 1911), D.S.O. (1897), LA., Soudan 1885, 
Zhob Valley, Waziristan, E. Africa 1895-8. China 
1900, has been Insp. Offr. Ind. Front. Corps, now 
a Divsnl. Comdr. : b. 1862. Clah, E. Ind. U. Serv. 
BARRATT (LAYLAND-), Baronet. Sir 
Francis Layland-Barratt, 1st Bt. [U.K. igo8), 
M.P. for St. Austell Div. (L.), M.A., LL.B. ; a 
D.L. and Co. Aid. for Cornwall (High Sheriff 
1897"), a Dir. of Hodbarrow Mining Co. : son of 
the late Eras. Barratt : b. i860, mar. 1884 Frances, 
dau. of the late Thos. Layland, whose surname 
he appended to his own by licence 1895. Sole heir, 
his son Francis Henry Goddlpiiin, M.C, Lt. 
Gren. Gds. (b. 1896). Seats, The Manor House, 
Torquay ; Tregame Lodge, St. Austell ; town 
res., 68 Cadogan Sq., S.W. 

BARRETT, Knight (1). Gen. Sir Arthur 
Ay^sol-d Barrett, K.C.B. , (Mil. 1908), K.C.S.I. 
(1915), K.C.V.O. (1912), I.A., an A.D.C.-Gen. to 
H.M., served in Afghn. 1879-80, Hazara 1888, other 
Ind. Expedns. 1891-1908, has been A.G. in India, 
late comdg. Mesopotamian Expdtny. Force, prev. 
Poona Div. : b. 1857, mar. 1907, widower (twice). 
BARRETT, Knight (2). Sir William 
Fletcher Barrett, Kt. Bach. (1912), F.R.S., was 
Prof, of Physics in R. Coll. of Science, Dublin, 
1873-1910, has been Pres. of Soc. of Psychical 
Research and has written much on scientific 
matters: b. 1844, mar. 1916 Florence Elizabeth 
Willey, C.B.E. (1917), M.D., M.S., dau. of the late 
Benj , Perry : has rendered valuable serv. for 
Brit. Red Cross Soc. Res., Carnigoona, nr. Bray, 
Co. Wicklow; 31 Devonshire PL, W. 

BARRETT, Knight (3). Sir William Scott 
Barrett. Kt. Bach. (1913), a D.L. for Lanes., Con- 
stable of Lancaster Castle, and an Aid. and 
Chmn. of C.C. and of Q.S. : b. 1843, mar. 1869 
Julia Louisa, dau. of the late Rev. A. A. Calvile. 
Res., Abbotsgate, Blundellsands, Lanes. 

BARRETT, Hon. Mrs. Frederick, dau.' of 4th 
Bn. Kensington. 

BARRETT, Col Henry Walter, C.B. (Mil. 
1917), formerly A. Ord. Dept., retd. 1909; S. 
Africa 1879 and 1900-1 : b. 1857. 

BARRETT, James William, C.M.G. (1911), 
M.D.,F.R.C.S.,Memb. of theCounc. andLecturer 
Univ. of Melbourne, Cons. Oculist Melb. Hosp. : 
b. 1862. Res., 105 Collins St., Melbourne, Victoria. 

BARRETT, Lady Maud Edith Gundeeda, 
dau. of 9th E. of Cavan. 

BARRETT (MOULTON-), Col. Edward 
Alfred, C.B. (Mil. 1916), C.M.G. (1901), A. Ord. 
Dept., retd. (1907), late Assist. Dir. of Ordn. 
Stores at Headqrs.; Nile 1898, S. Africa 1899- 
1902; is a Memb. Piivy Counc. of Jamaica: b. 
1859. Res., Albion, Pedro P.O., St. Ann's, 

BARRIE, Baronet. Sir James Matthew 
Bari-ie, 1st Bt. (U.K. 1913), M.A., LL.D., noveUst 
and playwright, author of "The Little Miuister " 
and " Peter Pan " : b. i860, mar. 1894 but obtd. 
div. 1909, no issue. i?es., Kirriemuir, N.B. ; cluh, 

BARRINGTON. family name of Viscounty of 
that title, q.v. for "Hons." 

BARRINGTON, Baronet. Sir Charles 
Burton Barrin.jtori, 5th Bt. {U.K. i83l),M.A.,a 
D.L. for Co. Limerick (High Sheriff 1879), late 
Hon. Col. Limerick City Roy. Fd. Res. Artill. : son 
of 4thBt., b. 1848, sue. 1890, mar. 1895 Mary Rose, 
dau. of Sir Hy. H. Bacon, 10th Bt. Beir, his son 
Charles Bacon (b. 1902; 2nd heir, next son 
Alexander FitzwUliam Crok